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Entomological News 




-o- 



VOLUME VI, 1895- 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE : 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES A. BLAKE. 
Rev. HSNRV C. McCooK, D.D. CHARLFS LIEBECK. 



PHILADELPHIA: 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OK 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 



INDEX TO VOLUME VI. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 

Aberration, Variety, Race and 
Form 7, 34, 77, 107 

Association of Economic Ento- 
mologists, Meeting of, . . 255 

Biography, See Obituary. 

Brooklyn Entomological So- 
ciety, Meeting of, .... 165 

Do Insects Play, 48 

Economic Entomology, 46, 83, 118, 
153, 1 88, 255, 292, 323. 

Editorials, 17, 45, 82, 116, 151, 187, 
224, 254, 291, 322. 

Entomological Literature, . 21, 49, 
89, 125, 159, 191, 228, 265, 298, 
326. 

Entomological Section, A. N. S. 
Phila., Meetings of, 27, 94, 131, 
166, 197, 235, 302, 331. 

Entomological Section, Chi- 
cago Academy of Sciences, 235 

Entomology, Ignorance of the 
Knowledge of, in 1853 . 67 

Eye, Compound, 97 

Feldman Collecting Social, 
Meetings of, 26, 58, 93, 130, 165, 

195, 271, 301, 33- 

Illinois Entomology 118 

Insecticides, Vapors and Gases 

as 189 

Insect Life 188 

Insect Lime, 46 

Insects as Pollenizers, . 323 
Lake Worth, Florida, Collect- 
ing at, 133 

Mt. Washington, Additions to 
the List of Insects taken in 
the Alpine Region of, . . 4, 316 
Mt. Washington, Tin; Season 
on, 276 



Names, Scientific vs. Com- 
mon, ........ 2\ 2 

Notes and News, . 18, 47, 87, 123, 
157, 190, 225, 261, 296. 

Obituary: 

Arribalzaga, F. L., . . . 32 
Bradford, G. D , ... 64 
Duda, L., ....... 340 

Fallow, J. F., ..... ; v |" 

Gerstaecker, A., .... 272 

Honrath, E. G ...... 32 

Marx, G., ...... 64 

Morris, J. G., ..... 273 

Neumoegen, B ..... 64, 65 

Provancher, L'Abbe, . . . 209 
Riley, C. V ....... 242 

Say, T., . . . .1, 33, s "- I02 

S.-i.-ber. C. E., . . 172 

Sliimer, H ..... 240, 

Stalcy, O. J.. . .172 

Stromberg, C. W ...... 172 

Steaming, Sawdust for, . . (82 

Tortugas, Note on the Insects 
of the ........ 210 

ARACHNID*. 

, Ittiis concolor, n. sp., . . . 206 
Che lifer ........ IJ 5 

Chernetid attached to Fly . .MS 
/. p .w missouriensis, n. sp., . 
Marx Collection, ... . 264 

Missouri Spiders. ... 204 

Mite larva, Parasitic, . 
Myi'tiriii a^'i/is n. sp., . . 
New N. A. sp :i ies, . 

COiEOPTERA 

After Coleoptera, . . . i\S 



Incidinn 
Bostrichus typographns, 



\\ 



11 



INDEX. 



Bostrirhns spectabilis, . . . 326 

/rva.ris, 184 

llrvaxis semirugosa n. sp., . 183 
Cicindelaformosaand venusta, 176 
Cicindela liinbata, .... 284 

Collecting Coleoptera, . . .311 
Colorado Coleoptera, Bio- 
graphical Notes on some, . 27 
Coniontis sanfordii n. sp., . 235 
Cryptocephalus auratus, . . i/Jj 
D modems brei'is, .... 326 

Drasteriiis si 'mini 'us, . . . .326 

Eliodes annata itnpotens, n. 
sp., ... ... 236 

Ele odes confin is n. sp., . . . 237 

Elm Leaf Beetle, 292 

Helops stenotrichoides n. sp., 238 
Hydrocharusobtusatus and Sil- 
pha Surinam en sis, Larva of, 168 

Illinois C., 309 

New California C., .... 235 
New N. A. species, 183, 235, 236, 

237. 238. 
Orange Mts., C. of, . . . . 226 

Or opus striatus, 185 

Potato Stalk Borer, . . . .120 

Pselaphidse, 183 

Rhexidius aspcrulus, . . .185 

Sago/a, 185 

Scolytus ^-spinosus, . . 255, 294 
Trichobaris irinotata, . . .120 

Tychus testae eus, 184 

Vesperoctenus Flohri, . . .114 

DIPTERA. 

Colorado Diptera, Biological 

Notes on, 173 

Dichocera n. gen., .... 31 
J)ichocera lirata n. sp., ... 32 
Heteropterina Macq., Occur- 
rence in N. A., . . . . . 207 
Heteropterina nasoni n. sp., . 207 
New N. A. Genera and Spe- 
cies, 31, 132, 207 

Tachinid, A new 29 

Volucella, A new, 131 

Volucella kincaidii n. sp., . . 132 



HEMIPTERA. 

Aleyrodes, 157 

Alypioides, Note on, .... 200 
Alypioides dugesii n. var. . .201 

Bcrgrothia, 261 

Chinch-bug, i IQ 

Chionaspis minor, . . . .157 
Cicada hieroglyphica, . . . 84 
Coccidological Items, . . .325 

Cotton Scale 157 

Cienochiton perforatus, . . . 325 
Dactylopius iceryoides, . . . 325 
Dactylopius aurilanatus, . . 325 
Dactylopius nipce, . . . . ^25 
Diaspis atny-gdale, . . 123. 157 
Diaspis lanatus, . . . 123, 157 

Gossyparia uhni, 325 

Harmostes, 262 

Margarodes trilob if inn n. sp., 86 
Margarodes vitas, . . . .123 
New N. A. species, . . 201, 203 

San Jose" Scale, 153 

Thclia, New species of, . . 203 
Thelia godingi n. sp., . . . 203 
Vine-destroying Insect, A new, 85 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Acanthochalcis nigricans, . . i> c ,o 

Agricultural Ant, 307 

Ant Stings, 48 

Ants, Arizona, 2:4 

Ants' Nests, 15 

Ants' Nests, Fungous Gardens 

in, 324 

Anthidiuin emarginatum, . . 252 

Apantcles, New, 201 

Apanteles ephestife n. sp., . .201 

Atta inalcfaciens, 307 

Bees and Lizard, 17 

Bees and Wasps, Habits of, . 252 

Bombus, Parasites of, ... 248 

Brachycistis idiot es n. sp., . 63 

Bracon hebetor, 324 

Clistopyga, New species of, . 198 
Clistopyga alborhombarta n. 

sp., 198 

Clistopyga zonata n. sp., . .198 



INDEX. 



in 



Formicidae of Lawrence, Mass. , 220 
Habrobracon gelechicz, . . . 324 

Lyda ochreata, 200 

Monophadnus rubi, .... 200 

Nematus saliciim, 18 

New Hymenoptera, .... 60 
New N. A. species, 60, 61, 63, 198, 

201, 202. 

Sauva Ant, 19 

Saw-fly Larvae, 199 

Sph&rophthalma bigutta n. var. 63 
Sphcerophthalma myrmicoides 

n. sp., 6r 

Sphcerophthalma prunofincta 

n. sp., 

Spherularia bombi, . . . 
Trichiosoma triangulum, . 



48 



60 
248 
199 



LEPIDOPTERA. 

Amblyscirtes celia n. sp., . .113 
Anthocharis geniilia, . . .145 
Caccecia magnoliana, . . .175 
Ca/liomma denticulata n. sp., 141 
Carneades acornis n. sp., . . 335 
Carneades recticincta n. sp., . 334 
Carneades servifus n. sp., . . 336 
Carneades vulpina n. sp., . . 335 

Cecropia Moth, 136 

Chicago, Collecting around, . 314 
Chionobas calif arnica, . . .321 
Chrysophanns helloides, . . .297 
Cocoon Mimicry, . . . 147, 311 

Coddling Moth, 85 

Colorado, Moths of, .... 73 

Composia, 87 

Coriscium cucitlipent'/liun, . . 109 
Epheitia knrhuirela, .... 324 
Eiidainns rauterbergi n. var., . 113 
Eudrya s Stcs Johannis, . . .152 

Flour Moth, 324 

Food-plants, 137 

Oeometrina, N. A., u, 40, 70, 103 

Grapta, 261 

Gypsy Moth, 20 

Hammock, A Curious, . . .109 
Harrisimemna, Larva of, . . 340 
Hypatus bachmani, . . . .190 



i 

144 
166 
261 

337 
337 

113 
166 



Imagines, Tardiness of, 
Larvae, Collecting, . . . 
Larvae, Parasitized 
Leucarctia rickseckeri, . . 
Lepidoptera, California, . 
Lycaenids, New African, . 
Maine, Grapta from, . . . 
Mamcstra gtissata n. sp., 
Miiuiestra higmvis n. sp., . 
Mauiestra larissa n. sp., 
Me lit a a neumoegeni n. sp., 
Mimacreea neurata n. sp., . 
Mimicry, .... 138, 3 11 

Moths, Column of, . . 16 

Moths, High Mountain, . . . 73 
Neumoegen Collection, Types, 216 

287. 
NewN. A. species, 29, 112, 113, 141 

33 2 -339- 

Noctua atriciiita n. sp., . 

Noctua patefacta n. sp., . . 

Noctica substrigata n. sp., . 

Oregon, Butterflies, . 

Orneodes, Larva ...... 

Papilio ajax, . ..... 

J'api/io pelans, Female of, . 

Papilio tiirnn* ....... 

Phcegoptera, A new, . . 

P/HZgoptera masoni n. sp., . 

Phlegcthontiits cingulata, . . 

Popular Entomology, . . . 

Pyralida; and Pterophoridae, 
Relationship, . . . 

Pyrameis cardni ...... '5 

Rhode Island, L. of, . 47 

Rhopalocera, Notes on, . .112 

Saturniidae, Cocoons, -74 

Sphingida-, American, . . . M' 

Tennessee Rhopalocera, 245, 281 
Teriomima galcnides n. sp., . 167 
Thecla sari/a n. sp., . .112 

Tortricid, Magnolia-blossom, 

Virginia, Notes from, . . 

NEUROPTERA. 

Aeschnapentacantha, . . 
Enallagma geminata n. sp., . 239 



251 
100 
296 

3' '3 



29 

29 

95 

145 



175 

24.; 



IV 



INDEX. 



Meleoma signoretti, .... 225 

Odotiata, 239 

Odonata, Larval stage of, . . 181 

ORTHOPTERA. 

Katydid's orchestra, .... 323 

THYSANURA. 

Ctzcilius mobilis, 18 

Hemerobius humu/i, . . . . 18 

CONTRIBUTORS TO VOL. VI. 

Albright, M., 144 

Anonymous 145 

Ashton, T. B., 67 

Baker, C. F., ... 27, 201, 173 
Banks, N., . 19, 115, 124, 204, 225 

Barber, H. G., 191 

Bischoff, E. A., 227 

Bland, J. H. B., 185 

Blaisdell, F. E., 235 

Brendel, E., 97, 183 

Bruce, D., 73 

Calvert, P. P., 181 

Cockerell, T. D. A., 18, 60, 123, 157, 

180, 200, 262, 325. 

Coquillett, D. W., . . 131, 207 
Cunningham, B. L., . . 251, 321 

Daggett, F. S., 311 

Davidson, A., 252 

Davis, G. C., 198 

Dearden, W., 296 

Dyar, H. G., . 38, 95, 100, 199, 340 

Ehrmann, G. A., 303 

Fall, H. C., , . . . . 108, 176 

Farnham, G. D., 150 

Fenner, H. W., 214 

Foulks. O. D., 298 

Hancock, J. L. 180 

Healy, J. L., 297 

Holland, W. J., 166 



Horn, G. H., . . 114, 179, 326 

Hornig, H 311 

Hulst, G. D., . . n, 40, 70, 103 

Johnson, W. G. 324 

Keith, E. D., 48 

Kellicott, D. S., 239 

King, G. B., 220 

Knab, F .15 

Knaus, W., 284 

Kunze, R. E., . . . 18, 48, 147 

Laurent, P., 274 

Lembert, J. B., . . . . 137, 182 
Longley, W. E., . . . : . 314 

Lugger, O., 138 

Meeske, H., 227 

Monell, J. T., 17 

Ormonde, F., 212 

Osburn, W., 245, 281 

Ottolengui, R., 7, 34, 77, 107, 216, 

287. 

Schaus, W 29, 87, 141 

Skinner, H., . . 112, 261, 297 
Slingerland, M. V., . . 109, 175 
Slosson, Mrs. A. T., . 4, 133, 263, 

276, 316. 

Smith, H. H., 48 

Smith, J. B., 46, 83, JiS, 153, 292, 

332, and economic department. 

Smyth, E. A., 243 

Stiles, C. W 248 

Valentine, H. E., 16 

VanDuzee, E. P., 203 

Webster, F. M., i, 33, So, 101, 124 

Weith, P. J 158 

Westcott, O. S., 136 

White, H. G., 21 

Wickham, H. F., . . 56, 168, 210 

\Villiston, S. W., 29 

Wolcott, A. B., 309 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. I. 





ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

VOL. vi. JANUARY, 1895. No. i. 

CONTENTS: 



Webster Thomas Say i 



Slosson Additional list of insects taken 
in alpine region of Mt. Washington 



Notes and News 18 



Entomological Literature 21 

Doings of Societies 26 

Ottolengui Aberration, variety, race Entomological Section 27 

and form 7 , Baker Biological notes on some Colo- 

Hulst North American Geometrina in rado Coleoptera 27 



European collections n 

Knab Ant nests 15 

Editorial 17 



Schaus A new Phasgoptera from Mex. 29 
Williston A new Tachinid with re- 
markable antennae 29 



THOMAS SAY I 

By Prof. F. M. WEBSTER, Wooster, Ohio. 

During late Autumn of the year 1888, the writer had the pleas- 
ure of spending a few days in New Harmony, Ind., a guest of 
the late Col. and Mrs. Richard Owen, both of whom were resi- 
dents of that somewhat famous little city during the nine years 
that " The Father of American Entomology" made it his home, 
and with whom they were both personally acquainted. Though 
at that time upwards of ninety years old, Col. Owen and his good 
wife pointed out many, to me, historic places, made sacred by 
their associations with Thomas Say, and feeling that not only 
such places would sooner or later disappear, but those who were 
able to give their history from personal recollections would within 
a few years cross the Dark River, I engaged to have a series of 
photographic views taken under the supervision of my host and 
hostess. The three views that are to follow in forthcoming num- 
bers of the NEWS, were thus obtained, and will be explained 
as they are consecutively used. The portrait included in this 
number is from a photograph of a steel engraving in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Frategot, of New Harmony, to whose father it was 



2 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

presented by Say, who considered it a very faithful picture of 
himself. Dr. Skinner informs me that there is another of these 
engravings in the library of The Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, and beyond this I know nothing of the history of 
the original, nor could I learn anything of it at New Harmony. 

In this portion of my sketch, the aim will be to follow Say only 
to his removal from Philadelphia to Indiana, in 1825, the re- 
mainder will accompany the engravings which illustrate his life 
in his Western home. 

As the author has not been able to himself secure any impor- 
tant data from the people of New Harmony relative to the life 
of Say prior to his coming West, he is for this information obliged 
to draw very largely upon the memoir read by Say's friend, Mr. 
George Ord, oeiore the American Philosophical Society, Dec. 
19, 1834, and 1 ^uiished in the LeConte edition of Say, pp. vii 
xxi. vol. i. 

Thomas Say was born in Philadelphia, July 27, 1787, of Quaker 
parentage, at least on his father's side, the latter being a physician 
and apothecary. Thomas was educated under Quaker patronage, 
which probably compared favorably with the educational ideas of 
the times, but the embryo entomologist appears to have had a 
too warm love for nature to take kindly to such unnatural methods 
of acquiring knowledge, and as a result his distaste for letters 
frequently appeared in his publications during after life. With* 
the thrift and industry so frequently a marked characteristic 
among the Friends, it is not surprising that his father should 
seek to place his son in a respectable avocation, and, hence, after 
he left school, Say was first taken into partnership in business by 
his father, and later established, with others, a separate firm, to 
continue in the same useful calling. Here, again he gave token 
of his future, and at this early day appears to have thoroughly 
abhorred a life of buying and selling as he did in later years. 
He appears to have inherited the mild, lovable disposition of the 
sect from whence he sprung, but not their thrifty financial ability. 
He was, during his whole career, generous to a fault, but his 
honesty and integrity has never been questioned. In the minds 
of those of his acquaintances who yet survive him, he lives as a 
man who loved his neighbor ^even better than himself and who 
never had -an enemy. With such a character it is not in the 
least surprising that he did not succeed in business, but became 



I8Q5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 3 

pecuniarily responsible for the engagements of others, a course 
ending in failure and bankruptcy. His financial reverses, how- 
ever, do not seem to have weighed heavily upon his mind, but, 
on the contrary, as the grieved child turns to its mother's arms 
for solace and soothing words, so Thomas Say, in his financial 
troubles, appears to have sought consolation in his studies of 
nature, quietly living what Bryant wrote in the opening stanza 
of Thanatopsis, and, disregarding his losses, found that healing 
sympathy, that stole away their sharpness ere he was aware. 

Mr. Say became a member of The Academy of Natural Sciences 
of Philadelphia in April, 1812, soon after it had been reorgan- 
ized, and when the crisis in his financial affairs left him stranded, 
took up his abode in the building in which the Academy held its 
meetings, and turning his back on the financial world as it were, 
began his entomological labors in earnest. It was here that he 
was brought in close contact with his afterwards friend and bene- 
factor, William Maclure, Esq., but of their relations later we 
shall have more to say further on in our series of sketches. It 
was in the Journal of the Academy of Sciences, began in 1817, 
that Say first appears as an author, which seemed to strengthen 
the bonds binding him more closely to his chosen field of scien- 
tific investigation. In 1818, with Messrs. Maclure and Titian R. 
Peale, he visited the sea islands and adjacent coast of Georgia 
and eastern Florida, from which latter region they were driven 
by the hostility of the Spanish, who yet had control of the terri- 
tory. It was doubtless this journey that paved the way for his 
connection with the two scientific expeditions fitted out by the 
United States Government, and placed under the command of 
Major Long, with Thomas Say as chief zoologist. The years 
intervening between 1818 and 1825, when he left Philadelphia, 
were certainly busy ones for Say, who, aside from his connection 
with these expeditions which necessarily required considerable 
time in accompanying them to the then unexplored regions of 
the West, he was for a time Professor of Natural History in the 
University of Pennsylvania, and of Zoology to the Philadelphia 
Museum. Two of the three volumes of his "American Ento- 
mology" were published, and besides this all of the ornitholog- 
ical papers appearing in the Journal of the Academy of Natural 
Sciences, to which the name of Charles Bonaparte is attached, 
were edited by him at the request of the author. More than this, 



4 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

he prepared for the press the first volume of Bonaparte's " Nat- 
ural History of Birds Inhabiting the United States," though it 
was afterwards revised by another. So fully was he occupied 
with his own labors, and so freely did he devote his time to assist 
others, that he prolonged his studies far into the night, even 
during Summer until the breaking of day, thus sapping his life 
for the benefit of science and his fellow-man. Even before he 
left his native city he was much broken down in health, though 
giving freely both of his time and means, when he had any, and 
willing to do even more. Such was Thomas Say at the age of 
thirty-eight, when he was induced by Messrs. Maclure and Owen 
to accompany them to their confraternity of New Harmony. Of 
his life and labors in Indiana during the remaining nine years of 
his life I shall speak farther in a second paper. 



-o- 



ADDITIONAL LIST OF INSECTS TAKEN IN ALPINE 
REGION OF MT. WASHINGTON. 

By ANNIE TRUMBULL SLOSSON. 

A year ago I published (ENT. NEWS, vol. v, p. i) a catalogue 
of the insects I had up to that time taken on the summit of Mt. 
Washington. That list comprised 300 species. I have this 
season taken in same region, at or above 5500 feet altitude, more 
than 200 species not included in former list. I herewith append 
the names of these, and I take this opportunity to acknowledge 
gratefully the invaluable assistance of Messrs. Coquillett, Liebeck, 
Fox, Davis, Banks, Van Duzee and others, who have identified 
for me insects in the different orders. 

HYMENOPTERA. Lyda semidea Cr. 

Tenthredinidae. Uroceridae. 

Hylotoma pectoralis Leach. Urocerus abdominalis Ilarr. 
Harpiphorus maculatus Nort. 

Monophadnus tilke Nort. Ichueumonidae. 

Macrophya slossonia IfacG. mss. Ichneumon brevicinctor Sav. 

tibiator Nort. " fur.estus Cr. 

Taxonus borealis MacG. mss. lastus Brullc. 

Tenthredo grandis Nort. milvus Cr. 

ruficolor Nort. pravus Cr. 

tricolor Nort. promptus Cr. 

" variata Nort. " sp. ? 



I895-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Cryptus atricollaris var. 

montivagus Prov. 
sp. ? 

" sp.? 
sp.? 

Limneria flaviricta Cr. 
" hostilis Cr. ? 
Banchus sp. ? 
Euceros n. sp. 
Lampronota rubrica var. ? Cr. 

sp. ? 
Meniscus elegans Cr. 

superbus Prov. 
slossonae Davis mss. 

Braconidae. 

Ascogaster rufipes Prov. 
Macrodus sp. ? 
Opius n. sp. 

Chalcididee. 

Chalcis flavipes Fab. 

Myrmicidae. 

Leptothorax canadensis Prov. 

Pompilidae. 

Pompilus apicatus Prov. 

Andrenidae. 

Prosopis varifrons var. ? 
Andrena sp. ? 

Apidae. 

Nomada bisignata Say. 
Bombus terricola Kirby. 

HEMIPTERA 

Heteroptera. 

Ischnorhynchus didymus Zett. 
Rhinocapsus vanduzei Uhl. 
Plagiognatlius obscurus Uhl. 
Pagasa nitida Stal. 
Diplodus luridus Stal. 

Hanoptera. 



Helicoptera septentrionalis Prov. 
Idiocerus lachrymalis Fitch. 

suturalis Fitch. 

pallidus Fitch ? 
Thamnotettix kennicotti Uhl. 
Aphid gen. ? sp. ? 

COLEOPTERA. 

Cicindelidae. 

Cicindela 6-guttata Fab. 

Carabidae. 

Bembidium quadrimaculatum Linn 
Platynus quadripunctatus DeG. 
Harpalus viridiasneus Beauv. 
Tachycellus nigrinus Dej. 

Gyrinidae. 

Dineutes sp. ? 

Staphylinidae. 

Tachyporus chrysomelinus Linn. 
Paederus littorarius Gray. 
Mycetoporus lepidus Horn. 

Coccinellidae. 

Hippodamia parenthesis Say. 
Hyperaspis lugubris Rand. 
Scymnus tenebrosus Mnls. 

Cryptophagidae. 

Atomaria ephippiata Zimm. ? 

Histeridae. 

Hister interruptus JBcaiiv. 

Nitidulidae. 

Epursea ovata Horn. 
Ips sanguinolentus O/ii\ 

Elateridae. 

Adelocera aurorata Lee. 
Elater fusculus Lee. 
" pull us (,'cnn. 

Buprestidae. 



Delphacinus vittipennis VanD. mss Dicerca divaricata > 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



[January, 



Ceraiubycitlae. 

Criocephalus asperatus Lee. 
Bellamira scalaris Say. 
Xylotrechus quadrimaculatus Hald 
Acanthocinu's obliquus Lee. 

Chrysomelidae. 

Diachus auratus Fab. 
Typophorus 4-notatus Say. 

thoracicus Melsh. 
Prasocuris varipes Lee. 
Disonycha pennsylvanica ///. 

xanthomelaena Dalm. 
Crepidodera helxines Linn. 

Melandryidae. 

Emmesa connectens Newm. 

Pythidae. 

Salpingus virescens Lee. 

Meloidae. 

Epicauta cinerea Forst. var. ? 

Curculionidae. 

Pissodes affinis Raud. 
Anthonomus scutellatus Gyll. 
Hylobius pales Hbst. 
Cryptorhynchus bisignatus Say. 

Scolytidae. 

Xyloterus bivittatus Kirby. 
Polygraphus nigripennis. 
Dryocoetes autograph us. 

DIPTERA. 

Bolitophila fusca* Meig. 
Simulium pisicidium Riley. 
Bibio femoratus Wied. 
Gnophomyia tristissiina O. S. 
Bittacomorpha clavipes Fab. 
Arthroceras leptis O. S. 
Stratiomyia picipes Lw. 
Pangonia tranquil la O. S. 
Chrysops indus O. S. 
Laphria canis Willst. 



Hybos triplex \\-alk. 
Ernpis ravida Cog. mss. 
Dolichopus longimanus Liu . 
Psilopus sipho Say. 
Lonchoptera lutea Panz. 
Didea laxa O. S. 
Yolucella evicta Walk. 
Mallota posticata Fab. 
Temnostoma venustum Willst. 
Platypeza obscura Lw. 
Jurinia algens Wied. 
Echinomyia florum Walk. 
Nemoraea n. sp. 
Exorista platysamiae Town. 

n. sp. 
Masicera n. sp. 

luctuosa v. d. II-. 
Frontina n. sp. 
Eulasiona comstocki Town. 
Ennyomma clistoides Town. 
Chaetona tenebrosa Cog. mss. 
Cynomyia groenlandica Zett. 

flavipalpis Alacq. 
Calliphora vomitoria Linn. 

erythrocephala Meig. 
Haematobia serrata Desv. 
Musca domestica Linn. 
Aricia marmorata* Zett. 

" vagans* Fall. 

" nigrifrons Walk. 

" sp. ? 

" sp. ? 

" sp. ? 

Spilogaster carbonella* Zett. 
Hyclrotaaa occulta* Meig. 
Hylemyia lipsia Walk. 
Phorbia floccosa Macq. 
fusciceps Zett. 
perrima ]] alk. 

Homalomyia caniculatus Linn. 
Caricea albicornis* Mci \ 
substituta Walk. 
lata Walk. 

nivea Linn. 
solita \\-alk. 
" intacta II alk. 



* " Not before recognized from America," D. W. Coquillett. 



I895-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Cordylura slossonii Cog. mss. 
Scatophaga merdaria* Fab. 
Blepharoptera discolor Lw. 
Sciomyza albocostata Fall. 
Tetanocera arcuata Lw. 

rotundicornis Lw. 
valida Lw. 
plebja Lw. 

Loxocera pleuritica L~n'. 
Psila bicolor Meig. 
Trypeta fausta O. S. 
Palloptera arcuata* Fall. 
Sapromyza compedita Lw. 

philadelphica I\facq. 
Chlorops grata Lw. 
Borborus equinus Fab. 
Trineura aterrima Fab. 
Phora femorata* Meig. 

" nigriceps Lw. 

" giraudii* Egger. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Heterocera. 

Albuna montana Hy. Edw. 
Platagrotis imperita Gn. 
Semiophora elimata Gn. 
Carneades dissona Moesch. 
Semiothisa granitata Gn. 
Epirrita sp. ? 



Crambus vulgivagellus Zell. 
Ptycholoma persicana Fitch. 
Gelechia sp. ? 
Pterophorid gen. ? sp. ? 

ARACHNID/E. 

Araneae. 

Steatoda marmorata 1 ' lentz. 
Bathyphantes alpina Em. 
Crustulina sticta Camb. 
Linyphia mandibulata /:///. 
Ceratinella emertoni Camh. 
Tmeticus montanus Ei. 
Dismodicus alpinus Bks. mss. 
Epeira nordmanni Em. 

" silvatica Em. 
Lycosa pictilis Em. 
Pirata insularis Em. 

" minuta Em. 
Pardosa albomaculata Em. 
pallida Em. 
minima Keys. 

Dendryphantes sp. ("probably 
Attus cruciatus Em. [new" Bks.} 

Acarina. 

Trombidium sp. ? (immature). 
Actineda agilis Bks. 
Bdella cardinalis Bks. 
Gamasus sp. ? 



-o- 



ABERRATION, VARIETY, RACE and FORM. 

By Dr. RODRIGUES OTTOLENGUI. 

Some months ago I received a pair of insects which, while 
closely resembling a well-known species of Bombycid, yet were 
markedly different in coloring. I showed them to a prominent 
specialist in this group and he expressed the opinion that they 
had been artificially produced. Another gentleman thought they 
represented a good variety; a third thought them aberrations, 
and finally another prominent entomologist advised nu- to name 
and describe them as a new species. 

* " Not before recognized from America," D. VV. Coquillett. 



8 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

I have also .had similar experience with other specimens which 
I have thought worthy of at least a varietal name, but in every 
instance I have been advised not to describe my specimens, or 
name them. Meanwhile I have read of new varieties, and even 
aberrations described by some of my advisors, and I found it 
very hard to comprehend the differing positions taken in these 
instances. 

In undertaking to write upon the subject, I have adopted a 
method which has produced good results in another field, my 
own profession, dentistry. I sent out a query as to the meaning 
of the terms Variety, Form and Aberration, and the circum- 
stances under which they should receive special names. I will 
read the replies. Rev. George D. Hulst says: 

A variation is the differing of an individual or a few individuals 
(in a degree not very strongly marked), from the normal or 
typical form. 

An aberration is a variation where the differing is very decided, 
and intergrades are wanting, otherwise known as "sports." 

A variety is a comparatively broad term as it is ordinarily used 
covering race, form, subspecies, and indeed all distinctions 
below species. 

Under this a form is one or more of the variations an insect 
may take in view of seasonal influences, for example Grapta 
fabricii is a form of G. interrogations ; or a sexual difference as 
Papilio turnus from P. glaucus. 

A race is one or more of the variations an insect takes in the 
same brood, or in all broods in view of climatic conditions, as for 
example, Triptogon occidentalis I consider a race of T. modesta. 

There remain the variations which occur in the same insect 
under the same conditions and the name variety more especially 
belongs, as for example Papilio walshii is a variety of P. ajax. 

A species is a distinct variation, permanent, supposed to breed 
true to itself, without known intergrades with other species. 

A subspecies is very nearly like what I call race above, and is 
where intergrades are known, but are infrequent. Perhaps most 
would call Triptogon occidentalis a sub-species of T. modesta. 

A sub-variety would be nearly equal to the word form, as ex- 
plained above. Of course it must always be recognized no line 
can be sharply drawn; there is no break in Nature. The breaks 



I&95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 9 

which we make are artificial and for convenience only, and none 
hold in all cases. My list would be : 

Genus. Species distinguished by a type difference in structure. 

Sub-genus. Differing in structure, but less. 

Species. Breeding true to self, and not intergrading. 

Sub-species. Breeding true to self, and rarely intergrading. 

Race. Breeding true, except in intermediate localities. 

Variety. Forms distinct, but intergrading, more or less in any 
locality. 

Sub-variety. Forms distinct, or not distinct, but the name ap- 
plying to a variety comparatively infrequent or not marked. 

Form. A seasonal or sexual variation somewhat permanent. 

Variation. An individual variation, infrequent and not generally 
distinct, and not permanent. 

Aberration. An individual, sport, or variation, very distinct, 
without intergrades. 

Prof. John B. Smith replies: Under the term variety I under- 
stand a departure from what may be considered the usual form 
of an insect, which, while it does not breed true to itself yet at 
the same time occurs frequently enough to bear a reasonable pro- 
portion to the ordinary form, occurring independently of season 
or of locality. It is to be understood, also, that there is no reg- 
ular succession of intermediate forms between this variety and 
the usual form. Where a range of intermediate forms exists I 
would not consider the extreme entitled to a name, but I would 
simply rank them as variations; for instance, we have in Carne- 
ades infelix a form in which we have the full Noctuid markings 
present, the colors well marked and contrasting, and this species 
varies to a form which is entirely black without any trace of 
markings whatever. Every intermediate stage between the im- 
maculate and fully marked form is represented, and I do not, 
therefore, give a name to anything except a species. 

Under the term form I understand what may be called a 
sonal variety, as where Summer and Autumn, or Spring and 
Summer broods offer a different appearance in size, color, pat- 
tern, etc. This is what is also called a seasonal or a dimorphic 
form, and these may be named provided it is specified that a 
seasonal or dimorphic name is intended. 

An aberration is a sport, and indicates a monstrosity in ><>me 



TO ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

directions; either in markings, in color, in suffusion, or in the 
direction of an Albino. This occurs only at rare intervals with- 
out any rule either as to season, locality or other permanent 
cause, and may be due to accident or the result of unusual cir- 
cumstance occurring at any time during the early life of an insect. 
An aberration may, under circumstances, become a variety in the 
course of time if circumstances induce a similar kind of aberra- 
tion sufficiently often. I have never yet named an aberration, 
and I do not think I ever will. 

I have another term about which you do not ask, and that I 
include under the name Race. Under this term I understand 
what is practically a geographical variety; that is to say, a form 
of an insect which breeds true to itself, occurring constantly in 
one locality and differing in some particulars which are not spe- 
cific from the same species as it occurs in another locality. We 
have a good example of Races, as I understand them, in. the 
genus Satyrus. An aberration I do not name at all, but simply 
call attention to the fact that such a one exists. A form, where 
it is sufficiently marked, is always entitled to a name, if a man 
chooses to apply one. Personally, I cannot remember that I 
have ever named a form. Varieties are always entitled to a name, 
although I apply varietal names very sparingly. It is only where 
,a marked difference exists, such as would be apt to prevent rec- 
ognition of its relation to the entire species, that I think a varietal 
name worth giving, in order to call the attention of the student 
to the fact that a range of variation exists which will put him on 
his guard against assuming a departure from the type to mean a 
new species. As I already indicated any departure from the type 
which is connected with the type by an unbroken series of inter- 
grades is not a variety in my opinion, and I refer you again to 
the example above cited of the Carneades. Your third question 
it is almost impossible to answer. A specimen being sent me by 
itself, differing from anything heretofore known to me, would 
be placed nearest to the species which it most resembled in struc- 
tural and other characters. If I were to determine it, I would 
give it that name with a query as to its being a variation or va- 
riety, and I would allow the matter to rest that way until further 
material came to hand. An aberration may be impossible of 
recognition until an examination of a very large number of speci- 
mens indicated its relationship, or unless some distinctive struc- 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. II 

tural character should refer it to a known species with certainty. 
Now I wish to call attention to just one thing: in all the discus- 
sions on this matter so far as the Lepidoptera are concerned, 
everything seems to have gone on the question of color and 
markings; factors which within a limited range are quite constant 
and worthy of high rank, but which above all other matters are 
subject to variation and to aberrations. I always examine an 
insect for structural characters before I determine its rank in any 
work that I do. I have never yet found, anywhere, two species 
that are entirely alike in structural characters, and where I find 
an absolute agreement between two species in all the structural 
characters I incline to consider them as belonging to the same 
species, whatever the difference may be in marking or color, until 
I prove to my own satisfaction that the range of variation in 
marking departs from what is usual or possible in the genus. I 
am very much more conservative in the matter of naming va- 
rieties than many of our Lepidopterists of the present day, and 
I may be wrong and they right. I cannot see the use of bur- 
dening our lists with a lot of really unmeaning names, like, for 
instance, all those names applied by Prof. French to the species 
of Leptarctia, and I may cite others that are as poorly based. I 
think, however, you have my views on the subject at sufficient 

length. 

(To be continued.) 



-o- 



NOTES ON TYPES OF NORTH AMERICAN GEOMETRINA 
IN EUROPEAN COLLECTIONS. II. 

By GEO. D. HULST. 

(Continued from page 306, vol. v, ENT. Xi-:\vs) 

A specimen in the Museum has a label in Dr. Packard's hand- 
writing, Tephrina modestaria Pack. It is the same as T. argil- 
iacearia Pack. I do not know that it was ever described. 

Mr. J. Alston Moffat, Curator of the Entomological Soci< t\ 
of Ontario, who has examined for me the material of tin- PTrlun 
collection, writes me that Numcria inccptaria YVlk. 1667, is this 
same species, and in that case Walker's name has prinriu . 1 am 
much indebted to Mr. Moffat for his determinations, and take this 
occasion to express my thanks to him. 

Thamnonoma tripnnctaria Pack, is put by Mi. Warren 



12 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

synonym of Tephrina lorquinaria Gn. ii, 101. The remarks 
under T. monicaria Gn. above apply here, as Guenee's type is 
probably lost. I think Mr. Warren's reference is correct. 

The type of Thamonoma curvata Grt. is in the Museum, and is 
put as a synonym of Phasiane excztrvata Pack. , which is a syn- 
onym of Anaitis orillata Wlk. 1740, which is a synonym of As- 
pilates strigularia Wlk. 1675, and Anaitis continuata Wlk. 1445, 
the latter being the oldest name; curvata does not have the basal 
and middle lines coalescent posteriorly, though they are nearly 
so, and I have specimens where they do become one. Grote's 
name can stand for this varietal form. 

Psamatodes eremiata Gn., of which the type is in the Museum, 
has as synonyms Tephrina retectata Wlk. 959, Tephrina gra- 
data Wlk. 968, Tephrina retentata Wlk. 968, and Macaria sub- 
cinctaria Wlk. 1655. 

Ellopia plagifasciata Wlk. 1508, is Numeria occiduaria Wlk. 
1016. This is not, in my opinion, the same as Numeria pulver- 
aria Hbn. 

The type of Fidonia truncataria Wlk. 1034, is much darker 
than the form usually met with in our collections. It is, however, 
an arctic form, and among the Geometrina, under arctic condi- 
tions, there is a tendency to melanism, as well as to hairiness, 
and a squamose condition of vestiture. 

Tephrina notataria Wlk. 407, Fidonia discospilata Wlk. 1034, 
and Larentia fidoniata Wlk., 1183, are the same species, and are 
also one with Fidonia bicolorata Minot. 

Azelina aretaria Wlk. 258, is the same as Caripeta subochreata 
Grt. Caripeta latiorata Wlk. 1525, and Caripeta angustiorata 
Wlk. 1524, are variations of one species. Mr. Warren does not 
think C. aretaria to specifically distinct, but I am not yet ready 
to unite it with the others. The amount of material is yet very 
small for comparison. 

Caripeta divisata Wlk. 1525, has as a synonym Cidaria albo- 
pnnctata Morr. The type of the latter is in the Museum. 

In the Museum collection Mr. Warren has ranged Drepanodes 
olyzonaria Wlk. 69, D. bicesaria Wlk. 73, D. ccmearia Wlk. 
73, D.ptiberGrt. D. varies G. & R., D. tzquosus G. & R., D. ses- 
qidlinea G. & R. and D. juniperata Pack., as one species. The 
type of D. puber is in the collection. D. olyzonaria is like D. 
cequosus, D. bicesaria and D. temearia are nearly as D. puber 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 13 

Grt. I agree with Mr. Warren's reference. D. infensata Gn. i, 
68, and D. ephyrata Gn. i, 69, I found are the same species, so 
the oldest name yet known is D '. infensata Gn. 

The synonymy of Prochcerodes transvcrsata Dru. I found to be 

the same as stated by Dr. Packard, namely, incurvata Gn., 

goniata Gn., transnmtens Wlk. , contingens Wlk., transposita 

Wlk. Transmutens and incurvata are dark forms, contingens is 

yellowish, transfindens is striated and dark spotted. 

Oxydia vesulia Cram, has distichata Gn. i, 59, and peosinata 
Gn. i, 59, as synonyms. Mr. Warren joins several other names 
to vesulia, but having seen the types of Guenee I do not believe 
them to be conspecific, as Mr. Warren puts them. 

Tetrads aspilata Gn. i, 141, and T. allediusaria \Ylk. 253, are 
the same species with T. crocallata Gn. i, 141. T. aspilata has 
the cross-line of the hind winos obsolete. 

Mr. Warren has established the genus Ctenotetracis for paral- 
lelia Pack, and trianguliferata Pack. 

Eutrapela (Zgrotata Gn. i, 141, is not a synonym of Sabulodes 
dositheata, as Dr. Butler seemed to think, and on whose authority 
I united them; <zgrotata is our Californian species, and Ennomos 
arsesaria Wlk. is a synonym; tegrotata'is, however, of Sabulodes 
caberata Gn. i, 45. 

Apicia? deductaria Wlk. 237, Lozogramma atropunciata Pack, 
and Drepanodes fernaldi Grt. are the same. The type of D. 
fernaldi is in the Museum. 

Tetrads pandaria Wlk. 173, is a synonym of Caberodes major- 
aria Gn. 

I agree with Dr. Packard that the following are synonyms of 
Caberodes confusaria Hbn. : metrocamparia Gn. i, 137, rcmis- 
saria Gn. i, 137, imbraria Gn. i, 137, superaria Gn. i, 138, /;/- 
effusaria Gn. i, 138, floridaria Gn. i, 139, and phasianaria Gn. 
i, 140. I add as other synonyms: Caberodes inicrlinearia ("in., 
C. eldanaria Wlk. 170, and C. varadaria Wlk. 251. 

Apicia cayennaria Gn. i, 82, is not the insect known in our 
catalogues as Caberodes cayennaria. It is Caberodes distycharia 
Gn. i, 83. A. cayennaria Gn. has not, in my knowledge, ' 
been taken in the United States. 

Napuca orciferata Wlk. 1693, is considerably darker than any 
specimens I had seen before. It follows the arctic tmdrncv to 
melanism, but is conspecific with Phasiane aborata \\\ . I'.dw. 



14 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

and Aspilates gilvaria, var. labrodorata Moesch. ; of P. aberrata 
I have seen the type, and of labrodorata I have a typical specimen 
sent me by Mr. Moeschler. 

Azelina honestaria Wlk. 258, and A. stygiaria Wlk. sup. 1548, 
are conspecific with Azelina hubnerata Gn. ; stygiaria is var. 
atrocolorata Hulst. I may as well mention that Gonodontis pe- 
plaria Hbn., Zutr. 709, 710, is the same insect. The synonymy 
will thus be expressed: 

Azelina peplaria Hbn. 
stygiaria Wlk. 
atrocolorata Hulst 
var. hiibnerata Gn. 
honestaria .Wlk. 

Caberodes antidiscaria Wlk. 1513, is the same as C. lentaria 
Hulst. 

Metanema determinata Wlk. sup. 1551, is the same as M. 
carnaria Pack. 

Metanema celiaria Wlk. 260, is a synonym of M. quercivo- 
raria A. & S. 

EHopia Jiscellaria Gn. i, 133, E. Jlagitaria Gn. i, 133, are one 
species, fiscellaria having the priority. I think Ellopiaf panis- 
aria Wlk. 163, is synonymous, and Mr. Moffat informs me E. 
cequaliaria Wlk. 164, is also a synonym. 

EHopia puliaria Gn. i, 131, E. scitata Wlk. 1510, and E. in- 
vexata Wlk. 1512, are synonyms of E. fervidaria Hbn. 

EHopia athasaria Wlk. 163, E. siccaria Wlk. sup. 1547, and 
E. semimidata Wlk. 1508, are the same species. 

Mr. Warren places bibularia G. & R. and pellucidaria G. & R. 
as synonyms of E. seminudata Wlk. 1508. I have not seen the 
Grote and Robinson types, but taking the figures given Ann. 
Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y. , vol. viii, 1867, pi. 15^, figs. 8, 9 and 10, 
E. bibularia G. & R. is the same as E. seminudata Wlk., but E. 
pellucidaria G. & R. is, as I think, a distinct species. As stated 
above E. athasaria Wlk. is an earlier name than E. seminudata 
for the species. 

Ellopia subprivata Wlk. 1509, is a synonym of Plagodis seri- 
naria H.-Sch. 

Sicya macularia Harr. has as synonyms: Sicya sublimaria Gn. 
i, 105, 6*. truncataria Gn. i, 104, 6". solfataria Gn. i, 104, Epione 
calipusaria Wlk. 120, and Epione argyllaria Wlk. 121. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 15 

Aspilates olenusaria Wlk. 1675, is a variety of A. coloraria 
Fab. 

Apicia liberaria Wlk. 239, has Macaria integrara Wlk. 889, 
and A. lintneraria Pack, as synonyms. 

Tephrina unicalcararia Gn. ii, 100, another of the Lorquin in- 
sects, is, as a specimen is named in the British Museum, the same 
as behrensaria Hulst. I am as well satisfied with this determina- 
tion as any, and so it may stand. The insect, however, appears 
in two quite distinct forms one rusty ochreous, the other cervi- 
nous; the latter may be called var. behrensaria Hulst. 

JMumaria duaria Gn. ii, 135, has as synonyms: N. hamaria 
Gn. ii, 136, Ellopia amyrisaiia Wlk. 164, Caberodes agreasaria 
Wlk. 252, Endropia adustaria Wlk. sup. 1545. 

I agree with Dr. Packard as to the synonyms of Endropia 
hyperchrana H.-Sch., viz.: E. refractaria Gn. i, 125, E. lateri- 
tiaria Gn. i, 125, and E. mestusata Wlk. 154. To these I add 
Azelina f cedar ia Wlk., sup. 1548, and Alacaria? indedinata 
Wlk. 888. 

(To be continued.) 



-o 



ANT NESTS. 

By FREDERICK KNAB. 

I have noticed the picture and article, "A Home among the 
Tree Tops" with interest, and the following observations made 
about nine years ago on the Amazon may perhaps not be familiar 
to every one. 

Nests, in appearance and size, as described in the above article 
are very common on the Lower Amazon, only those I examined 
appeared to be made of mud, and were inhabited by a species 
of large black ant. Sometimes they are high up in the crotch 
of a tree; sometimes quite near the ground. Few probably kmm 
that the common paroquets rear their young within these ant 
nests a most interesting case of intimate relations between widely 
different animals. The bird drills a hole into the side of the ant- 
hive, like a woodpecker's in a tree. Inside quite a cavity is 
scooped out, in which the eggs are laid and hatched out without 
annoyance from the ants, which continue in possession of their 
home. It can readily be seen that the ants, who rush forth at 



16 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

the least disturbance, would be a protection to the helpless young 
paroquets, but why do the ants suffer these intruders ? Once I 
obtained a set of paroquet's eggs from one of these nests. An 
Indian climbed up a neighboring tree, and, reaching over with 
his tercado, broke open the nest the hole being much too small 
to introduce the hand immediately the. tree and the ground 
below was black with ants. The eggs were taken out and caught 
successfully in my insect net, but not until many of the little 
demons had buried their jaws in our flesh. 

On other occasions I saw the young birds crowded snugly to- 
gether in their strange home, with beaks wide open for food when 
they heard one approach. The Termites, on the contrary, live 
in large, irregular, conical mounds, hard as rock, and often ten 
feet and more high. In the day-time there is no sign of life, but 
if one enters the forest at night the sight is a beautiful and start- 
ling one the darkness is intense. Here and there in the black- 
ness may be seen clusters of glittering phosphorescent light; 
these are the Termite hills. No doubt the light proceeds from 
the insects as the particles of the light mass move and change. 
The light is greenish and soft, and the effect is indescribable. In 
marked contrast is the glowing red light of the Elaters as they 
dash rapidly through the foliage. 



BLAPS SULCATA, a common species in Egypt, is made into a preparation 
which the Egyptian women eat with the view of acquiring what they es- 
teem a proper degree of plumpness ! The beetle they broil and mash 
up in clarified butter; then add honey, oil of sesame, and a variety of 
aromatics and spices pounded together. Fabricius reports that the Turk- 
ish women also eat this insect, cooked with butter, to make them fat. He 
also tells us that they use it in Egypt and the Levant, as a remedy for 
pains and maladies in the ears, and against the bite of scorpions. Carsten 
Niebuhr also mentions this curious practice of the women of Turkey, and 
adds, the women of Arabia likewise make use of these insects for the 
same purpose, taking three of them, every morning and evening, fried in 
butter. Cowan ' s Curious Facts. 

ON my way to church, Sunday evening, September gth, I noticed as I 
approached an electric light which hung over the middle of the street a 
column of moths projected outward and downward from the lamp for a 
distance of three feet or more. It was brilliantly illuminated, those farthest 
away being somewhat in the shadow of those nearer the lamp. Though 
many were fluttering about outside of the main column, the edges were 
plainly marked, and it attracted some attention. H. E. VALENTINE. 



1895.] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
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PHILADELPHIA, PA., JANUARY, 1895. 

THE SIXTH VOLUME. 

WITH the present number the NEWS begins its sixth volume. It is not 
very old, but its newness is wearing off, and it feels that it has a career, 
and that it has come to stay. Our efforts have been crowned with suc- 
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OUR local physician showed me yesterday a lizard about six inches long 
apparently dried and coated over with wax entirely. He said that it was 
found in a Bee Tree near here. The bees had coated it over and tlu-n 
built their cells against it and on it. Possibly the lizard intruded on the 
new colony in the log and they stung it to deatli and then coated it over 
to prevent decomposition. J. T. MONELL. 



i8 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

Notes and. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 
OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
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To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
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PARASITIZED LARV^;. Of Nadata gibbosa, which generally yield a fair 
average of normal pupae, I had negative results this year, 1894. Nineteen 
larvae collected late in July produced only one pupa. They reminded me 
of those promising much and returning little. With Hyparpax aurora 
had better success. Twenty-nine larvae of first brood yielded ten pupae, 
but only one imago emerged in August the others in all probability going 
to hibernate. Another collector related to me a similar experience with 
H. aurora. Dr. R. E. KUNZE. 

NOTE ON NEMATUS SALICUM (Ckll.) A short note appears necessary 
to clear up the synonymy of this insect. As is explained in Tr. Am. Ent. 
Soc. xx, pp. 345-346, I described the larva as Messa salicum, and Mr. 
Ashmead later described the imago as Messa salicis. Those who main- 
tain the genus Messa will probably prefer to call the species M. salicis 
Ashm., but Dalla Torre, in his Cat. Hymenop. vol. i (1894), p. 257, sink- 
ing Messa under Nematus, alters the name of our species to Neinatus 
salicicola, because there is a Nematus salicis Linne. In view of the pre- 
viously published named salicum, this was unnecessary, and the proper 
synonymy is apparently Nematus salicum Ckll. (== salicis Ashm., not L. , 
= salicicola D. T.) T. D. A. COCKERELL. 

Mr. WM. H. ASHMEAD, in " Insect Life," vol. vii, No. i, p. 27, identifies 
a Hemercbius from Mississippi as H. humuli Walk. ; then, accepting 
Hagen's doubt as to its identity with the European species of that name, 
he calls the American specimens H. gossypii Ash. But McLachlan, who 
completely reviewed Walker's Hemerobidae from the types, says of H. 
huiniili (Brit. Neurop. Plan., p. 181), " North American specimens do not 
differ from the described European form." So, if Mr. Ashmead's species 
agrees with Walker's form, H. gossypii is another addition to the already 
long list of synonyms of the common Hemerobius humuli. Cczcilins 
mobilis Hagen, which was described from a damaged specimen from 
Cuba, is also recorded by Mr. Ashmead from Mississippi. I doubt if any- 



lSg5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 19 

body without a complete collection of Cuban Psocidae could definitely 
identify this species from the imperfect description; and to record it from 
Mississippi 1 should say was pure guess-work. NATHAN BANKS. 

TRANSLATION FROM PLINY, IN ANTIQUE ENGLISH. The silk-worm. 
" They build their nests of easth or clay, close sticking to some stone or 
rock, in manner of salt; and withall so hard, that scarcely a man may 
enter them with the point of a spear. In which they make also wax, but 
in more plenty than bees; and after that bring forth a greater worme than 
all the rest before rehearsed. These flies engender also after another sort 
namely, of a greater worme or grub, putting forth two homes after that 
kind; and these be certain canker wormes. Then these grow afterwards 
to be Bombihi, and so forward to Necydali; of which in six months after 
come the silk-wormes Bombyces. It is commonly said, that in the Isle 
of Cos there will be certain silk-wormes engendered of flowers, which by 
means of river showers are beaten downe and fall from the Cyprus tree, 
terebinth, oke and ash; and they soon after doe quicken and take life by 
the vapor arising out of the earth. And men say, that in the beginning 
they are like unto little butterflies, naked, but after awhile, being impa- 
tient of the cold, are overgrowne with hairs: and against the winter, 
arme themselves with good thick clothes; for being rough-footed, as they 
are, they gather all the cotton downe of the leaves which they can come 
by. for to make their fleece. After this they fal to beat, to felt and thicken 
it close with their feet, then to card it with their nailes; which clone they 
draw it out at length, and hang it between branches of trees, and so 
kembe it in the end to make it thin and subtill. When al is brought to 
this passe, they enwrap and enfold themselves in a round bal and clew 
of the thread, and so nestle within it. They are then taken up by men, 
put in earthen pots, kept there warme, and nourished with bran, untill 
such time as they have wings according to their kind; and being thus well 
clad and appointed, they be let go to do other businesse." 

THE SAUVA ANT. Dr. Elliot Coues sends us the following extract from 
a letter which he recently received from Dr. Alfred Alexander, of Minas- 
Geraes, Brazil, which is well worth publishing: 

At Capocabano on the sea-shore just outside of the city of Rio, we had 
a stable made of planks roughly put together. The Sauva, which were 
very numerous in the neighborhood, were accustomed to climb up the 
outside of this structure and to pass between the planks into the man-' i , 
whence they came out laden with grains of Indian corn. One day I 
watched them descending with their loads, and I observed that at a en-tain 
entering angle a solitary ant was stationed who had undertaken the duty 
of helping each separate comer to pass the difficult corner with his 1< ad. 

The Sauva are very destructive to the coffee trees and strip them of 
their leaves. This is an acquired habit, for in the wilder parts uf tin- 
State of Minas (the Sertae) they touch neither coffee trees nor hull, in 
corn, probably preferring other plants. It is remarkable, however, that 



20 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

in the coffee plantations of the cultivated districts they spare the trees 
that grow in or near their nests. In this they are like foxes that abstain 
from molesting neighboring hen-roosts. 

A friend of mine, Commendador Pereira, of Rio, tells me that he once 
witnessed the formation of a living bridge of Sauva ants. The insects 
arrived at the edge of some running water with their load of leaves, which 
they deposited on the ground. They then formed a chain, ant holding on 
to ant, and while the individual at the lower end seized tightly a blade of 
grass, or some other object at the water's edge, the rest allowed them- 
selves to be floated out by the stream. They were not at first long enough 
to reach the opposite side and were thus swept round again to the same 
bank lower down. Other ants now joined to lengthen the pontoon, and 
the same manoeuvre was repeated some two or three times until the outer 
ant was enabled to obtain a hold on the opposite bank. The bridge con- 
structed, the workers passed over with their loads and then the pontoon- 
makers cast loose from the first bank and were carried by the current to 
the second, where, in their turn, they took up their loads and followed 
their companions. The ants that formed the bridge assumed oblique po- 
sitions and swain against the stream. I made a careful note of Pereira's 
statement, but I have met with no other observer of the same fact. As a 
general rule, the Sauva does not like water, and trees are sometimes pre- 
served from their attacks by surrounding them with a ditch. Nevertheless, 
Sr. Pereira is a trustworthy man. 

HAVING been connected with the Gipsy Moth Commission for the past 
season of 1894, perhaps some of the readers of the NEWS, would like to 
know the routine of this gigantic work. Prof. Howard, the United States 
Entomologist, paid a visit in the Summer to Maiden, the headquarters of 
the Agricultural Department Massachusetts Gipsy Moth Commission, and 
spent a day or so, looking over the work with some of the officials, and 
I see in " Insect Life," vol. vii, No. 2, he speaks of this work as " one of 
the most remarkable pieces of work in economic entomology." A terri- 
tory covering a space of about one hundred square miles is infested with 
the Gipsy (Ocneria dispar}. Three hundred and twenty-five thousand 
dollars have already been appropriated, and nearly all spent. The confi- 
dence of the Massachusetts people seems to be doubtful, but any one 
knowing the fearful ravages that have been created by such a voracious 
caterpillar as the Gipsy, and seeing the work carried on as I have, cannot 
help but be most favorably impressed with the admirable manner in which 
the attack has been made upon this insect, and the grand results accom- 
plished. Sorry, indeed, will the people of the State be should they stop 
it, and it will be almost criminal upon the part of those having the legis- 
lative power, should they discontinue it, for the money already spent will 
be deliberately thrown away, and the Gipsy caterpillar will, -in a few years, 
be beyond the control of the nation. It would soon be out of the State, 
and into all the surrounding States, creating a havoc from which the peo- 
ple would not soon get over, for just as soon as the State drops this work 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 21 

then provisions of all and every kind will be so high that the people will 
come upon the legislators for such a foolish thing as stopping a work 
which is in such a condition that it is under control, and if not extermi- 
nated, can be brought down to a condition where it can be handled by a 
small force of men. 

The infested territory is divided into three divisions or sections, each 
division has a superintendent, and he in turn has a force of men under 
him to cope with the work in his particular territory. He divides his men 
into gangs, with an inspector or foreman at its head. Over and above the 
whole is a manager or field director with an assistant, and in the busy 
caterpillar season they employ other men to oversee and report any neg- 
ligence of work by the inspector or men. There are some very funny 
and amusing features connected with it, and some of those contemptable 
anonymous letter writers. For my part, I have never known any one to 
write an anonymous letter to be other than a liar and a sneak. In the 
\Yinter and early Spring the men destroy the clusters of eggs with creasote 
and fire, when the larvce appears they spray with poisoned solutions. 
Also place bands of burlap around and about the trees, and the men ex- 
amine these every day and kill by hand the caterpillars which will con- 
gregate under them. This is done by means of very course bagging 
cutting into strips and wound about the trunk of the tree like a bandage, 
about four or five feet from the ground, so you can readily see what a 
gigantic undertaking it is, but for all that, it has been and is being done 
most thoroughly. So how foolish for one day to stop this work because 
some people who do not know what insects are other than BUGS, and 
object to the public purse being drawn upon, and yet they, as a rule, 
are the very ones who do not contribute one cent towards its support, 
and some of them draw very heavily upon it (the public purse) as so- 
called legislators. H. G. WHITE, Maiden, Mass. 



IdentiOcation of Insects dmagos) for Subscribers. 

Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending ; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Entomological Liter ati_ire. 



i. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ACADEMY OK NATURAL SCIEXCKS OF I'lin \- 
DELPHIA, 1894. A proposed classification of the fossorial 1 1 vine-lit .p 
of North America, W. J. Fox. 



22 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

2. LE NATURALISTE. Paris, Nov. i, 1894. Habits and metamorphoses 
of Scolia hirta Schrank, Capt. Xambeu. November isth. Diagnoses 
of American Coleoptera, M. Allard. 

3. ENTWICKELUNG DER RAUPENZEICHNUNG und Abhiingigkeit der 
letzteren von der Farbe der Umgebuirg. Inauguraldissertation zur Er- 
langerung der philosophischen Doktorwiirde, etc. Universitat zu Kiel. 
Von Christoph Schroder. Berlin, R. Friedlander & Sohn, Marz, 1894. 
71 pp., i pi. 

4. BERICHTE DES NATURWISSENSCHAFTLICHEN VEREINES zu REGENS- 
BURG, iv, 1894. Architecture of the Phryganidas, Dr. O. Hofmann, i pi. 

5. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, 1894, pt. 
iii, Oct. i, 1894. On the spiders of the island of St. Vincent ii, E. Simon. 

6. REVUE BIOLOGIQUE DU NORD DE LA FRANCE, vii, i. Lille, October, 
1894. Remarks on the organization and comparative anatomy of the last 
segments of the bodies of the Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hemiptera, 
A. Peytoureau, 7 pis., figs. 

7. COMPTE RENDU. L'ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES. Paris, Nov. 5, 1894. 
On the formation of new colonies in the lucifugous Termite ( Termes 
hicifugus), J. Perez. Defense of the organism against parasites in insects, 
L. Cuenot. November 12. Biological observations made on the wander- 
ing cricket (Schistocerca peregrina Oliv.) during the invasions of 1891, 
1892 and 1893 in Algeria, repeated copulation, oviposition, J. K. d'Her- 
culais. On the swarms of l^ermes hicifugus, }. Perez. 

8. ACTES DE LA SOCIETE SCIENTIFIQUE DU CHILI, iv, 2. Santiago, 

Aug. 22, 1894. The twentieth neotropical Aspidiofiis, T. D. A. Cockerell. 

9. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEiGER. Leipsic, Nov. 5, 1894. Some words to 
Dr. C. Hilger [on the abdomen of Coleoptera], C. Verhoeff. Anatomy 
of the venomous apparatus of the Ichneumonidae, L. Bordas. November 
19. E. Schmidt's labial palpi, Dr. N. Leon. A new developmental stage 
of Polydesmus, Dr. C. Verhoeff. 

10. BOLETIN DE LA ACADEMIA NACIONAL DE ClENCIAS EN CORDOBA, 

xiii, 2. Buenos Aires, July, 1893. Argentine Dipterology : Chironomidae, 
F. L. Arribalzaga. 

ir. JAHRBUCHER DES NASSAUISCHEN VEREINSFUR NATURKUNDE, xlvii. 
Wiesbaden, 1894. Contributions to the biology of the Noctuae, W. Cas- 
pari 2nd. Biological notes on Acronycta alni id. 

12. THE CECROPIAN. (Monthly report of the Henry Edwards Ento- 
mological Chapter of the Agassiz Association.) Edited by the secretary 
[William L. W. Field]. Milton, Mass. Published by the Chapter, No- 
vember, 1894. A list of butterflies captured at Hartford, Conn., S. N. 
Dunning. A list of butterflies of Guilford, New Haven County, Conn., 
W. L. W. Field and D. G. Field. A list of the Lepidoptera-Rliopalocera 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 23 

of east, west and south Bridgevvater, Mass., W. L. Tower. A partial list 
of Lepidoptera observed at Salem, Columbiana County, Ohio, M. L- 
Barker. Printed by a duplicating process. 

13. A TEXT-BOOK OF INVERTEBRATE MOJRPHOLOGY by J. Playfair 
McMurrich, M.A., Ph.D. Professor in the University of Michigan. New 
York, Henry Holt & Co., 1894, pp. viii, 661; 291 figs. Araclmida pp. 
435-468. Tracheata pp. 469-530. 

14. JENAISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURWISSENCHAFT, xxix, i, Sept. 
20, 1894. Contributions to the phylogeny of the Arachnida: on the posi- 
tion of the Acarina; the so-called Malpighian vessels and the respiratory 
organs of the Arachnida, J. Wagner. 

15. THE JOURNAL OF THE CINCINNATI SOCIETY OF NATURAL HISTORY, 
xvii, 3, October, 1894. Studies of the development of Fidia viticida 
Walsh, with descriptions of one new genus and two new species of Hy- 
menoptera by W. H. Ashmead, F. M. Webster, i pi. The preparation 
and care of insect collections, C. Dury. 

16. ARCHIVES DES SCIENCES PHYSIQUES ET NATURELLES (3), xxxii, 10. 
Geneva, Oct. 15, 1894. Polymorphism and ergatomorphism of ants, Dr. 
A. Forel. 

17. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD. London, Nov. 15, 1894. Random 
notes on Zyg<zna exulans and its varieties, J. W. Tutt. Portrait of the 
members of the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society. 

18. THE KANSAS UNIVERSITY QUARTERLY, iii, 2. Lawrence, Kans., 
October, 1894. The prothorax of butterflies, May H. Wellman, figs. 
American Platypezidae, W. A. Snow, i pi. 

19. JOURNAL DE L'ANATOMIE ET DE LA PHYSIOLOGIE, xxx, 5. Paris, 
September-October, 1894. Contribution to the study of the sub-intestinal 
nervous system of insects, A. Binet, 4 pis. 

20. THE BRITISH NATURALIST. London, Nov. 15, 1894. Some curious 
aquatic larvae, G. Swainson, i pi. The sexual distinctions of insects, C. 
W. Dale. Synonymic list of the genera and species [of British Aran- 
eidea], with synonyms of the latter (cont.), Rev. F. O. Pickard-Cambridge. 

21. THE AMERICAN MONTHLY MICROSCOPICAL JOURNAL, xv, n. 
Washington, November, 1894. Keys to the genera of Pediculidse and 
Mallophagidae, H. Osborn. 

22. ARCHIVES DE ZOOLOGIE EXPERIMENTALK ET GENEKALE (3). ii, 3. 
Paris, 1894. Studies on the heart of some Orthoptera (preliminary omi- 
munication), A. Kowalevsky. Preliminary note on the distribution of the 
sexes in the cells of the wasp, P. Marchal. 

23. NATURWISSENSCHAFTLICHE WOCHENSCHRIFT. Ik-rlin, Nv. 
1894. The protection of animals in nature, Dr. F. Kienit/-( '.<-il"ti; i 



24 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

24. KNOWLEDGE. London, Dec. i, 1894. The glow-worm, E. A. 
Butler, figs. The industry of insects in relation to flowers, Rev. A. S. 
Wilson. The web of the garden spider, E. A. Butler, fig. 

25. PSYCHE. Cambridge, Mass., December, 1894. Convergence and 
pcecilogony among insects, A. Giard (transl. from Compt. Rend. Acad. 
Sci. Paris, by H. Osborn). A cone-like Cecidomyiid gall on Bigelovia, 
C. H. T. Townsend. Preparatory stages of Sphinx- vashti Strecker, H. 
G. Dyar. A check-list of African Coccidae, T. D. A. Cockerell. Notes 
upon Toxonenron, W. H. Patton. Notes on the Orthoptera of Penikese 
and Cuttyhunk, A. P. Morse. 

26. MEMOIRES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIQUE, ii 
Brussels, 1894. The Melolonthidae of the palaearctic and oriental regions 
in the Royal Museum of Natural History in Brussels, E. Brenske. 

27. ANNALES of the same, Nov. 3, 1894. Revision of the species of the 
genus Rhaphidorrhynchus Schoenherr, A. Senna. 

28. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, December, 1894. The North 
American species of Ingura, J. B. Smith. On a Lecanium from Rochester, 
N. Y. (U. S. A.), considered identical with L. juglandis Bonche, T. D. 
A. Cockerell. Notes on "assembling," with some general remarks on 
the senses in Lepidoptera, J. Arkle. On Parnassius phcebns (} ab ) = delius 
(Esp.) and P. stnintheus (Doubleday), J. Watson. Additions to the list 
of British Lepidoptera during the past ten years, Anon. 

29. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S MONTHLY MAGAZINE. London, December, 
1893. The British species of the genus Psyche and its allies (cont.), C. 
G. Barrett. The new "nickel pin," H. G. Knaggs. 

30. REPORTS OF OBSERVATIONS AND EXPERIMENTS in the practical 
work of the Division, etc., U. S. Dep't Agric. Div. Ent. Bull. No. 32. 
Washington, 1894. Report on injurious insect in Nebraska and adjoining 
districts, L. Bruner. Report on some injurious insects of California, D. 
W. Coquillett. Report of entomological work in Oregon and California; 
notes on Australian importations, A. Koebele. Report on the insects of 
Missouri for 1893, M. E. Murtfeldt. Insects of the season in Iowa in 1893, 
H. Osborn. Report on insects injurious to forest trees, A. S. Packard. 

31. INSECT LIFE, vii, 2. Washington, October, 1894. [Received at 
Philadelphia, Nov. 20, 1894]. Sixth annual meeting of the Association 
of Economic Entomologists : A brief account of the rise and present 
condition of official economic entomology, L. O. Howard. Bisulphide 
of carbon as an insecticide, J. B. Smith. Report of committee on coope- 
ration among station entomologists. Spraying without a pump prelimi- 
nary notice, J. M. Aldrich. Notes on insecticides, C. L. Marlatt. Some 
observations on new and old insecticides and their combination with 
fungicides, B. T. Galloway. Spraying with arsenites vs. bees, F. M. 
Webster. Economic entomological work in the parks of New York city, 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 25 

E. B. Southwick. The wood leopard moth in the parks of New York city 
id. Work in economic entomology at the University of Kansas for the 
season of 1894, F. H. Snow. Notes on some discoveries and observa- 
tions of the year in West Virginia, A. D. Hopkins. The eastern occur- 
rences of the San Jose scale, L. O. Howard. The San Jos6 scale in New 
Jersey, J. B. Smith. Mealy bugs and their allies, G. C. Davis. The pear- 
tree Psylla in Maryland, C. L. Marlatt. Notes of the year in New Jersey, 
J. B. Smith. Special economic insects of the season, G. C. Davis. Ad- 
ditional notes on the strawberry weevil, its habits and remedies, F. H. 
Chittenden. Notes on the insects of north Idaho, J. M. Aldrich. Insects 
of the year, F. M. Webster. Notes from N. Mexico, T. D. A. Cockerell. 
Some experience with mosquitoes, H. E. Weed. 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper was published ; * denotes new 
North American forms. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 

Cuenot 7, McMurrich 13, Dury 15, Binet 19, Dale 20, Kienitz-Gerloff 23> 
Wilson 24, Giard 25, Knaggs 29, Bruner 30, Coquillett 30, Koebele 30, 
Murtfeldt 30, Osborn 30, Packard 30, Howard 31, Smith 31 (two), Al- 
drich 31 (two), Marlatt 31, Galloway 31, Webster 31 (two), Southwick 31 
Hopkins 31, Davis 31, Cockerell 31. 

ARACHNIDA. 
Simon 5*, Wagner 14, Pickard-Cambridge 20, Butler 24. 

MYRIAPODA. 
Verhoeff 9. 

ORTHOPTERA. 
d'Herculais 7, Kowalevsky 22, Morse 25. 

NKUROPTERA. 
Hofmann 4, Perez 7 (two), Osborn 21, Marlatt 31 (in paper on Psylla). 

HEMIPTERA. 

Peytoureau 6, Cockerell 8, 25, 28, Leon 9, Osborn 21, Snow 31, Howard 
31, Smith 31, Davis 31, Marlatt 31. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Allard 2*, Peytoureau 6, Verhoeff 9, Webster 15, Butler 24, Brenske 
26, Senna 27*, Chittenden 31. 

DIPTERA. 
Arribalzaga 10, Snow 18*, Swainson 20, Townsend 25, Weed, 31 



26 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Schroder 3, Peytoureau 6, Caspari n (two), Dunning 12, Field & Field 
12, Tower 12, Barker 12, Tutt 17, Wellman 18, Dyar 25, Smith 28, Arkle 
28, Watson 28, Anon 28, Barrett 29, South wick 31. 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Fox i, Xambeu 2, Bordas 9, Webster 15, 31, Ashmead 15*, Forel 16, 
Marchal 22, Patton 25. 



Doings of Societies. 

PHILADELPHIA, Dec. n, 1894. 

A stated meting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held this even- 
ing at the re^J.-nce of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, 1509 S. Thirteenth Street. 
Members present : Messrs. Seeber, Dr. Castle, Johnson, E. Wenzel, 
Boerner, H. W. Wenzel, Fox and Schmitz. Honorary members : Prof. 
John B. Smith and Dr. Henry Skinner; visitor, Mr. C. H. Roberts. 
Meeting called to order at 9.30 P.M., vice-president Seeber presiding. 
Mr. Roberts read the introduction to his paper on the genus Dineutes, 
also exhibiting his collection of the same, together with a number of 
sketches illustrating some of their characteristics, stating that his collec- 
tion represented all the known species, also containing two new species, 
nignora.ndhonrii. In concluding this interesting communication he said 
the paper would be completed for publication very shortly. By request 
he also explained his method of collecting Elmis. He used for the purpose 
a piece of cheese cloth about 2x2 feet long, which is spread across the 
stream, two ends of the cloth being weighted down, then disturbing the 
bed of the stream a few feet above; this causes the Elmis to cling to the 
cloth as they are washed down stream. To demonstrate the usefulness 
of this plan he stated where he had, on one occasion, in agitating a space 
of about three feet, noticed that they accumulated so rapidly that they 
began to immediately wash off; he at one gathered up the cloth and began 
counting them; when his count reached about 700 specimens he tired and 
quit; this find occupied one and a half hours. Upon being questioned 
regarding the number of species in a find, he stated they generally repre- 
sented from three to five. This was followed by a discussion as to the 
best method for freeing specimens from grease and retaining the color. 
It was generally conceded that first immersing them in hot water and then 
in gasoline had been generally found the most satisfactory. 

Mr. Fox made some remarks, accompanied by black-board sketches, 
on the genus Crabro, on which he has been working, preparatory to 
monographing the species. Firstly, Crabro may be divided into two sec- 
tions or divisions, by the sculpture of the mesopleurae and the presence 
or absence of a crest or ridge on the epimerum mesopleurahs. In the 
first section the mesopleurae are simply punctured and their epimerum 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 27 

never crested; while in the second section the mesopleurae are always 
more or less striated, and their epimerum distinctly crested. Ten groups 
constitute the first section, and are separated on the form of the first ab- 
dominal segment, position of ocelli, and shape of pygidium. The old 
genus Rhopalum leads off with the first segment of abdomen petiolate 
and nodose at apex, followed by several groups, the form of their first 
segment grading into those groups in which the first segment is sessile 
with the second. The old genera, Blepharip-us and Thyreopus, end the 
first section and show their relation to the second section by the presence 
of a small pointed prominence on the epimerum mesopleuralis at the 
same point where the crest is situated in the species of the second 
section. The c? antennae in this section offer excellent characters for 
separating the various groups, either being simply clavate, non-dentate, 
or the first four joints of flagellum are strongly dentate tKngath; again 
the sixth joint of flagellum is deeply emarginate at bas<= ...d in one or 
two groups is in addition strongly produced at apex beneath. The fore 
tarsi of the male is frequently flattened and dilated, while in other 
groups they are of the usual form. A number of the old species will be 
reduced to the synonymy, inasmuch as the sexes of one species have in 
several cases been described under different names, but this reduction 
will be more than equaled by the addition of the new species. No further 
business being presented the meeting adjourned to the annex for refresh- 
ments. THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 



Ttie Entomological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 



At a business meeting held Dec. 10, 1894, the following officers were 
elected to serve for the year 1895 : 
Director, G. H. HORN, M.D. 
Vice-Director, CHAS. S. WELLES. 
Recorder, HENRY SKINNER, M.I). 
Treasurer, EZRA T. CRESSON. 
Conservator, HENRY SKINNER, M.D. 
Publication Committee, JAS. H. RIDINGS, C. W. JOHNSON. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



Biological Notes on Some Colorado Coleoptera/ 

By CARL F. BAKER. 

In the following notes, unless otherwise stated, the locality is 
to be understood as Fort Collins. 

* From the fifth circulating report of the Say Memorial Chapter of the A. A. Six- ENT- 
NEWS, vol. v, p. 18. 



28 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

Hippodamia convergent Guer. and H. sinuata Muls. Parasitized indi- 
viduals of these species were found adhering to leaves of cabbage during 
the early part of September. A specimen of Euphorus sculptus Cr. 
emerged from //. sinuata on September 2o,"and from a H. convergent 
on September 28. 

Scymnus collaris Mels. (Det. through Riley) Larvae found among 
plant lice on Oenothera biennis August 15, produced beetles September 10. 
Epildchna corrnpta Muls. The life-history, etc.. of the "Bean Beetle" 
has been quite fully discussed in Bull. 19 of the Colo. Exp. Station. Lima 
beans are scarcely touched, and some kinds of string beans are not in- 
jured nearly as much as others. On August 18, eggs, larvae in all stages, 
pupas and beetles, were found in great abundance. 

Hydnocera longicollis Ziegl. (Det. through Riley) A specimen ap- 
peared during July in a breeding-cage containing galls of Euura s-ncdus 
whioh had been collected early in the Spring. 

Leina trilineata Oliv. Larvae nearly mature were found in abundance 
on Physalis virgin ian a June 24. These pupated June 30, the beetles 
emerging July 25. 

Sa.ri>ris omogera Lac. (Det. through Riley) A number of cocoons 
of this species were found under a stone in the foot-hills west of Fort 
Collins May 20. They were attached to a little stick and looked like buds 
on a twig. The beetles emerged from June 8 to June 20. 

Chrysomela exclamationis Fab. Larvae common in the involucres of 
flowers of Helianthus annuus July 24. Began pupating July 27. Beetles 
emerged September 7. 

Chrysomela flavomarginata Say. Eggs were found on the dead stems 
of Artemisia dracunculoides early in the Spring. May 20 the eggs hatched, 
the young larvae feeding freely on the Artemisia. Attained imago state 
in July. 

Gastroidea dissimilis Say. Eggs, and larvae in all stages very common 
on Rumex crispus May 24. First pupae appeared May 30, these giving 
images ten days later. 

Lina scripta Fab. Larvae abundant on young cottonwood sprouts 
June 29. Beetles began emerging July n. 

Trirhabda convergens Lee. Larvae were taken on Bigelovia, June 18, 
at Dolores, by Prof. Gillette. These produced beetles by July 5. 

Galernca margiuclla Kirby. (Det. through Riley) Larvae mining in 
leaves of Chenopodium June 20. Pupated, giving beetles on July 5 

Microrhopala vittata Fab. A very common beetle in this locality. 
Larvae mine leave of Solidago. May 10 were copulating and depositing 
eggs. By July 2 patches of the Solidago looked white and dead. Beetles 
began emerging July 19. 

Cassida nigripes Oliv. (Det. through Riley) Larvae on Convolvulus 
segpiutn July 2. Pupated July 9, the beetles emerging July 19. From a 
pupa a Tacliina larva emerged and pupated July 12, the fly appearing 
July 19. 



I8Q5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



2 9 



Bruchus fraterculus Horn. (Det. through Riley) In 1892 a large pro- 
portion of the seeds of Glycyn liiza lepidota in many localities were in- 
fested by these beetles. On June 6 many beetles made their appearance. 
There also appeared numerous specimens of three parasites : Bracon- 
xanthostigina Cr., Eurytoma sp., and a Pteronia/id. 

Mordellistena morula Lee. (Det. through Riley) Laavte very common 
during Winter in stems of Iva xanthifolia. Stems gathered April 14 con- 
tained pupas. Beetles emerged May 9 to June 9, and with them numerous 
specimens of Creinastus mordellistouc Ashm. mss., and Tetrastichus sp. 

Anthohoiuits clongatus Lee. (Det. through Riley) Bred from a very 
curious polythalamous twig gall on Bigelovia, collected at Dolores, June 
19 by Prof. Gillette. Beetles appeared July 19. Probably inquilinous in 
the galls. A large number of parasites of four species were also obtained. 

Anthonomus scutellaris Lee. Reared in considerable numbers from 
wild plums, the beetles emerging September 3. 

Anthononius squamosns Lee. Larvae common in heads of Grindelia 
squarrosa during last of September, beetles emerging during first of Oct. 

The parasitica mentioned in the above notes were determined 
by Mr. Ashmead. 

o 

A NEW PH/EGOPTERA FROM MEXICO. 

By W. SCHAUS. 

Phaegoptera masoni sp. nov. Antenna? black. Head, collar and thorax 
orange; a black spot anteriorly on the patagiae. Abdomen orange; un- 
derneath with a lateral and some transverse black bands. Primaries 
above orange ; at the base a large, light gray space, crossed by black 
veins and containing on the costal margin an orange spot edged with 
black; a broad, median gray band bordered on either side with black and 
crossed by black veins; at the end of the cell a broad gray spot extending 
to the costal margin, and also edged and streaked with black; the outer 
margin very broadly yellowish, with the veins black. Underneath yellow, 
with all the markings black instead of gray, and a submarginal black 
shade. Secondaries above and below orange-yellow. Exp. 70 mm. 

Hab. Jalapa, Mexico. 

In the collection of Mr. J. T. Mason, after whom I name this 

fine species. 

o 

A NEW TACHINID WITH REMARKABLE ANTENN/E. 

By S. W. WILLISTON, M.D. 

Some years ago* I described, under the name J\ilaroccni 
(which Brauer and Bergenstamm persist in calling Talacroci 

* Entom. Amer. vol. Hi, p. 151. 



30 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

a genus of South American Tachinidae with remarkably developed 
antennae in the male. Very recently I 
have received from Prof. Aldrich, who 
is so favorably known for his excellent 
work in Diptera, a number of speci- 
mens belonging to another genus of the 
same family, the males of which have 
antennae quite as remarkable as those 





. Dichocera lyrata Will. 
Male antennae from in front. 



Dichocera lyrata Head of male. 

of Talarocera. 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 31 

I can find no reference to such a structure as is described and 
figured herewith, and am constrained to regard the specimens as 
representatives of a new and peculiar genus. Its nearest ally 
among the described forms seems to be Nemorcea, from which, 
however, the female will be at once distinguished by the much 
elongated row of frontal bristles and the peculiarly light colored 
antennae. It is difficult to describe the structure of the male an- 
tennae in brief language, and I will therefore refer the reader to 
the figures here given, which have been carefully made. The 
first two joints are very short, while the third is extraordinarily 
elongated and split near the base into two nearly equal divisions, 
the inner one of which is straight and dilated at its tip into a 
boot-like extremity. The outer branch arises from in front of 
the base, and is curved outward and then inward, the slightly 
everted extremity resting upon the toe of the boot. Altogether, 
thefigure shown in front view is not unlike that of a lyre. The 
arista is attached to the inner branch near its origin, and is very 
distinctly jointed. The light yellow color of the antennae adds 
to their peculiar appearance. 

What the function of such a remarkably developed sexual 
peculiarity is I cannot conjecture. It is in this family, as a whole, 
that we find the most highly specialized antennae, and frequently 
the male antennae are different from those of the female. In a 
few instances I have observed the males when at rest alternately 
raising and depressing the antennae with a see-sawing motion. 

Aside from the antennae, the structural characters of this fly 
are as follows: 

Dichocera gen. nov. <j\ Front broad, gently and evenly convex; on 
either side a row of frontal bristles, which extend down on the sides of 
the face to opposite the lower margin of the eyes. Two orbital, proclinate 
bristles present. Eyes oval, their length equal to only a little more than 
one-half the height of the head; clothed with moderately long, not abun- 
dant pile. Face much receding; median excavation broad; sides of the 
face narrow, bare, except for the row of descending frontal bristles. Ch< 
very broad, hairy; near the front part with a vertical row of bristles a 
little removed from the facial margin. Vibrissal bristles situated almost 
immediately upon the oral margin. Occipital orbits narrow, with a row 
of rather small bristles upon the upper half. Palpi slender, slightly thick- 
ened at the extremity. Abdomen oval and convex; second segment with 
a pair of marginal bristles, the third with both marginal and discal bristles. 
Claws and pulvilli small; first posterior cell narrow and narrowly open, 
the apical cross-vein oblique, terminating a little distance before the tip 



32 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [January, 

of the wing; the distance from the posterior cross-vein to the angle is not 
more than a fourth or a fifth of the length of the vein between the cross- 
veins; angle with a stump of a vein. 

9. In the female the face is less retreating, the sides are broader, the 
fovea narrower, the vibrissae are situated a little distance above the oral 
margin, the eyes are more sparsely pilose, and the front tarsi are flattened. 
The two orbital bristles are present, as in the male. The antennae reach 
a little below the middle of the face; the third joint is four or five times 
the length of the second joint, of nearly equal width throughout, and 
obtusely pointed at the tip. In some specimens the third antennal joint 
shows a slight projection near the proximal end in front, as though corre- 
sponding to a rudiment of the elongated process of the male. The first 
two joints of the arista are shorter than in the male, and of nearly equal 
length. 

Dichocera lyrata n. sp. ,$ $ . Black; the sides of the front and face, and 
the narrow inferior orbits gray pollinose, but variable in different reflec- 
tions, the shining black ground color showing through. Frontal stripe 
broad, reddish or brownish; cheeks black, not shining, in some reflections 
showing a brownish pruinosity; clothed with black hairs; near the front 
part with a vertical row of bristles not far from the facial margin. An- 
tennas wholly light reddish yellow. Palpi reddish yellow; occiput gray 
pollinose, clothed with abundant light gray hair. Mesonotum gray polli- 
nose, but variable in different reflections, leaving four distinct, shining 
black stripes. Scutellum gray pollinose, variable, the apex slightly red- 
dish; its margins with four long bristles. Abdomen shining black, the 
anterior part of each segment broadly gray pollinose, but very variable 
in different reflections; distal part of the fourth segment, sometimes nearly 
all of it and the hypopygium, yellowish red. Tegulae nearly white. Wings 
grayish hyaline. Legs wholly black, the middle and hind tibke with stout, 
irregular bristles on the outer side. Length 9-10 mm. 

Nineteen specimens (4 , 15?), Idaho, Prof. J. M. Aldrich, 
June and November. 



OBITUARY. 

FELIX LYNCH ARRIBALZAGA, the Argentine dipterologist, died on April 
10, 1894. 

ED. G. HONRATH, on April 19, 1894, ,in Gross-Lichterfelde near Berlin. 
Born in Coblenz, Aug. n, 1837, and was a well-known Lepidopterist. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for December, 1894, was mailed December i, 1894. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION', 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

VOL. vi. FEBRUARY, 1895. No. 2. 

CONTENTS: 

Webster Thomas Say 33 [ Economic Entomology 46 

Ottolengui Aberration, variety, race ' Notes and News 17 

and form 34 Entomological Literature 49 

Dyar Relationship of Pyralidae and Doings of Societies 5S 

Pterophoridse from the larva 38 , Entomological Section (>o 

Hulst North American Geometrina in ; Cockerel! Descriptions of new Hy- 

European collections 40 menoptera 60 

Editorial 45 i 



THOMAS SAY.-II. 

By Prof. F. M. WEBSTER, Wooster, Ohio. 

In 1824, Mr. Robert Owen purchased the lands belonging to 
the Harmonists, a communistic religious association that 1 ad 
migrated from Butler County, Pennsylvania, in 1815, and under 
the leadership of George Rapp, founded the village of New 
Harmony, and were known as Harmonists or Rappites. The 
village was already established when Messrs. Owen and Mach re, 
accompanied by Thomas Say, moved there too in 1825. The 
resident buildings that had been erected by Rapp and his fol- 
lowers have many of them ceased to exist, in 1889, only two 
being recognizable by their quaint, German architecture, one ot 
them, very fortunately, being the one occupied by Say and his 
wife Lucy, before they moved into the Maclure house, in which 
Say died. The building is shown as it appeared a few \<-,u- .1^0, 
but since that time it too has been remodeled and re-built, and is 
not now recognizable. The engraving, however, shows it as 
when occupied by Say, except that it had once been reshingled. 
Our knowledge of the daily life of Mr. and Mrs. Say is e.\t\ 
ingly fragmentary, the oldest inhabitants now only remembering 



34 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

them as middle-aged people, when they were themselves very 

young. How long they occupied this house I have been unable 

to learn; quite likely until the health of the naturalist made a 

removal either more convenient or necessary, and it is probable 

that within its walls much of the work in preparing his third 

volume of American Entomology was accomplished, as well as 

much of his work on American Conchology, six numbers of 

which were printed at New Harmony prior to his death. In 

habits he appeared to have here carried his abstinence to excess, 

and allowed himself only so much and no .better food than nature 

absolutely demanded to sustain life, while taxing himself with 

labors entirely out of proportion to his state of health and the 

nature and quantity of his food. Besides his work in the two 

branches of Natural History, Entomology and Conchology, he 

was the resident agent of the whole property of the settlement, 

and as before always ready to give his time and energy to aid 

such as chose to ask him for his services. Entomologists will 

here find the causes for his overlooking several species of insects, 

or at least not mentioning them, though they must have occurred 

abundantly at the time of his residence in New Harmony, and 

within a few miles thereof. People now living, who knew him 

in those days remember him as a mild, unassuming, lovable man, 

whom to meet was to respect, for his name was synonymous with 

honor, and his word always the expression of truth. His wife is 

remembered as a very amiable lady, scrupulously neat in all that 

pertained to herself or her household, though somewhat given to 

complaining. 



-o- 



ABERRATION, VARIETY, RACE and FORM. 

By Dr. RODRIGUES OTTOLENGUI. 

(Continued from page n, vol. vi, ENT. NEWS.) 

Prof. A. R. Grote writes : The exact limits between "Varie- 
ties," "Forms," "Aberrations," have not been absolutely de- 
nned. These terms, together with " Dimorphic forms," "Spe- 
cies Darwinians," have been employed to designate more or less 
constant or extensive variation from the type. "Race" and 
" Form" seem used in the same sense, and are terms applied to 
variations dependent on locality, the whole species as there oc- 
curring, showing some departure from the type. Variation in 
color or marking when occurring among the typical examples is 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 35 

variety, and varieties should receive a Latin name. For instance, 
Agrotis wilsoni occurs in a typical olive-gray variety, and in a 
red variety (var. specialis). It does not matter that intermediary 
examples exist. The terms must be employed in order to desig- 
nate properly the variety. It is the property of varieties that 
they intergrade, of species that they do not pass into one another. 
So with Agrotis tessellata. Prof. Lintner once showed me a box 
full of tessellata. A certain proportion were my variety atropur- 
pnrea. These could be at once picked out and the varietal name 
is vindicated by the fact. The detection of varieties worthy of 
the name, is a matter of the tact and experience of the lepidop- 
terist. Cases of small and individual variation should not receive 
a name. If one is given it should be relegated into the synonymy. 

An aberration is an occasional strong divergence, and to re- 
ceive a name must at least be a remarkable one. The limit be- 
tween aberration and variety is not clear. Some entomologists 
only recognize as valid varieties such as they have themselves 
named. The varieties of other authors they consider synonyms. 
Staudinger's catalogue attempts a classification of variation. 

The whole subject of variation is now engaging the attention 
of lepidopterists in England, and the works there being pub- 
lished by Mr. J. W. Tutt should be attentively studied by Amer- 
ican lepidopterists. The subject is one not finally or fully under- 
stood, hence what you have to say will possess a great interest. 
I may say, in conclusion, that only by breeding from the egg will 
the true iorms appear, and thus the matter may be decided 
whether a debatable form is a species or a variety. 

Mr. Dyar says: I understood by a variety an example of a 
species differing from the normal form. In the special sense it is 
a group of individuals like each other, but of less than specified 
rank. The variety may (a) intergrade with the normal form, or 
(b} it may not. In the latter case it is either an aberration, di- 
morphic form, or a local race. An aberration is a variety that 
occurs in a single instance or very rarely. I understood " form" 
to be a general term covering " variety," but not necessarily less 
than specified rank. I would always name a dimorphic form or 
a local race. The practice of naming intergrading varieties can 
so easily be carried to extremes that I do not like to advise it. 
As to aberration when distinct and of quite different appearance 



36 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

from the normal form a name may be desirable, but on the whole 
I do not like the practice. I would never name a "form" as 
such. If possible decide whether it is a (i) species, (2) dimor- 
phic form, (3) race, (4) intergrading variety, or (5) aberration; 
(named in the order of importance). From a simple specimen 
it would be impossible to tell to what rank to assign it, except by 
analogy with other species in the genus. If it comes from a lo- 
cality where the normal form was known it could not be a race; 
the exact location could only be determined by breeding. 

Mr. B. Neumoegen replies as follows: This is in reply to queries 
about variety, form, and aberration. The true sequence should 
be ist, what you call form; 2d, aberration; 3d, variety or va- 
riation. There is no such thing to my knowledge as "form;" 
you probably mean " race" by it. 

In our (Neumoegen and Dyar) preliminary revision of the 
Bombyces of N. A. (Journal of N. Y. Entomological Society ) we 
say " Local forms breeding true to type, but differing in no great 
extent from the ground form are classed as races, whether con- 
nected by intergradihg forms in the intermediate territory or not. 
Since the difference between the local race, or local species may 
be a matter of degree only." The forms are placed according 
to our present judgment, and may be differently classed by other 
authors. We recognize seasonal, dimorphic forms, in a few in- 
stances. All the varieties, referred to by us, are supposed to 
inhabit the same territory as the typical form, and not to breed 
true to type. We have not considered aberrations as distinct 
from varieties. This will give you the key to the question, and 
I therefore answer, 

First comes the ground form, or the typical insect. 

Second the race, being a local form, differing in no great ex- 
tent from the ground form. 

Third the aberration, totally varying in appearance from the 
ground form, but not denying the main typical characters, and 
to be found only in single or very few specimens at any time or 
place. 

Fourth, the variety, which is not breeding true to type and 
varies in appearance, but which remains true in this appearance 
in any number or quantity of insects, and shows conclusively 
that varieties are the precursors of coming species. They are 



I&95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 37 

the faithful agents of evolution and the future student who may 
take up the difficult task, by aid of fossils, of trying to explore 
the original species may be able to find out how many varieties 
have formed into good species, in the course of centuries. 

Dr. Henry Skinner writes thus: Your questions are great puz- 
zles, and have been agitating the scientific mind for years, and 
volumes have been written on the subject, and yet nothing defi- 
nite or fixed has been accomplished. I doubt whether absolute 
definitions can be given for the terms you mention as the- whole 
thing is one of individual opinion. Of course you. do not expect 
me to write a treatise on the subject, and I will give you my ideas 
in a very brief way. 

The three terms are gradational, and represent individuals, 
more or less removed from the specific form. The greatest de_- 
viation in structure is a monstrosity. The next farthest removed 
is an aberration, the next a form and the least removed a variety. 
I would define an aberration as a well-marked deviation, occurring 
at rare intervals such as Vanessa antiopa lintneri. I think the 
word form should be limited to well-marked deviations which are 
either sexual, seasonal or geographical; as illustrations of the 
sexual class I would cite Papilio glaucus, and the white forms 
of Colias. Of the seasonal the forms of Papilio ajax; of the 
geographical, the female insular forms of Papilios found in the 
East India islands, etc. 

Under the head of varieties I would put the least deviations or 
those not comprised in the first two classes. 

In regard to the other question I think it would be best not to 
name varieties when there is no question as to what the species is. 

Prof. Packard replies: A variety is usually regarded as an in- 
cipient species not yet fixed, but varieties are of different value 
in different groups and species. The word form, is a general 
one, to denote a species or variety, or even a genus. An aber- 
ration is an abnormal specimen not generally subject to heredity ; 
it is a sport. I should not give a name to either of these it' I 
could possibly help it, but a name may be given to a variety if it 
is a local or climatic one, such as appear year after year in one 
place. Under such circumstances it is well to give a name, ,\ 
local one. But one should try to keep synonyms down, nt 
multiply scientific names, as they are a grievous burden to science. 



38 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

Many are repelled from the study on account of the burdensome 
nomenclature. 

One would have to use his judgment in deciding what is a new 
variety, form or aberration. A beginner or an amateur should 
not publish new names without using great care, or feeling sure 
he is correct. Skill in detecting varieties, etc. , comes with expe- 
rience, and the best of all make mistakes. I think careful, con- 
servative views should prevail, and I hope you will inculcate these 
virtues in young students; and I think it much better for them 
to give their time to studying the habits, structure and transfor- 
mation of insects than to collecting and describing supposed new 

species. 

^ H< # -% % %<. % 

Thus we find that quite a diversity of opinion exists among 
well known students, and I can scarcely hope that my own views 
will be convincing, though it would be very good if some definite 
meaning could be assigned to what, after all, would strike the 
beginner as being elementary terms. 

In looking over the above letters the point that seems most 
worthy of discussion is that relating to intergrades. 

Dr. Hulst describes Variety thus: " Forms distinct, but inter- 
grading more or less in any locality." 

Prof. Smith says that a variety does not breed true, but occurs 
in reasonable proportion independently of season or locality. 
Then he continues: " It is to be understood also that there is no 
regular succession of intermediate forms between this variety and 
the usual form. Where a range of intermediate forms exists I 
would not consider the extreme entitled to a name." 

(To be continued.) 
o 

Relationship of Pyralidae and Pterophoridae from the Larvae. 

By HARRISON G. DYAR. 

In connection with the controversy on these groups, started by 
Mr. Tutt, I would like to present to the readers of the NEWS an 
outline of a system of classification based on the larvae. This 
will be presented more fully elsewhere, but in this place its bear- 
ing on the relationships of the Pyralidse and Pterophoridae may 
be of interest. 

Accepting Prof. J. H. Comstock's division of the Lepidoptera 



I8Q5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 39 

into the suborders Jugatae and Frenatae, I would divide the latter 
into six superfamilies on the arrangement of the tubercles of the 
larvae In response to a tendency for these tubercles to be ar- 
ranged in a single transverse row, tubercles iv and v have become 
consolidated into one in the first three superfamilies, and later 
tubercles i and ii have been likewise united, or else tubercle ii 
disappears. In the three highest families the tubercles have 
tended to form two alternating rows. According to these char- 
acters the superfamilies separate as follows : 

Tubercles iv and v approximate or consolidated. 

Tubercles i and ii remote ........ MICROLEI-IDOPTEKA. 

Tubercles i and ii consolidated ........ ANTH ROGER INA. 

Tubercles i and ii remote, ii disappearing at the first moult. BOMBVCINA. 
Tubercles iv and v remote. 

Tubercle iv behind the spiracle, v below it ...... NOCHI.NA. 

Tubercle iv below, v in front of spiracle ...... SPHINI.I.NA. 

Tubercles iv and v in line, except in some Nymphalidae, where secon- 
dary armor is developed ......... RHOPALOCKKA. 

The MICROLEPIDOPTERA include the Psychidae, Cossidae, Py- 
ralidae, Tortricidae, Sesiidae, Tineidae and Lacosomicht-; the Ax- 
THROCERINA the Pterophoridae, Anthroceridae, Pyromorphidae, 
Megalopygidae and Eucleridae; the BOMBYCINA the Citheroniida , 
Hemileucidae,* Saturniidae* and Bombycidae; the NOCTUINA the 
Notodontidae, Thyatiridae, Geometridae, Drepanidae, Agaristidae, 
Noctuidae, Cymbidae, Lithosiidae, Pericopidae, Arctiicke, Euchro- 
miidae and Lymantriidae, and perhaps also the Thyridae, Diop- 
tidae, Brephidae and Lasiocampidaet ; the SPHINGINA the Sphin- 
gidae, and the RHOPALOCERA the families usually associated 
under that term. 

Thus, from the larval characters which I use, the Pyralithi- and 
Pterophoridae are placed in two separate, but closely allied super- 
families'. I see no reason forgiving the families the superfamily 
ending as has been done recently. I regret that I have not seen 
the larva of Orneodes, so I cannot throw any light on the posi- 
tion of the family it represents. However, if Dr. Hulst had read 
carefully Dr. Chapman's really good articles (to which Mr. Tutt 
refers) I think he would appreciate better the force of the a 



: Xot in the sense used by Prof. Smith. My classification corresponds more nearly with 
that of Grote's Check List 1882. 

t These I have not examined sufficiently. The Lasiocampi<hr \\ill probably 
another superfamily. 



4o ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

meat from the hooks on the prolegs. The character referred to 
is supposed by Dr. Chapman to offer a positive diagnosis between 
micro- and macro- heterocera (i e. the complete ring of hooks is 
characteristic of the Microlepidoptera as here set forth). As a 
matter of fact, there are certain exceptions* which vitiate Dr. 
Chapman's generalization, though it is certainly true in the great 
majority of instances. 

Science is cosmopolitan, and it must appear that Dr. Hulst has 
allowed himself to be carried too far by his enthusiastic Ameri- 
canism. 



-o- 



NOTES ON TYPES OF NORTH AMERICAN GEOMETRINA 
IN EUROPEAN COLLECTIONS.-III. 

By GEO. D. HULST. 

(Continued from page 15, vol. vi, ENT. NEWS) 

The type of Endropia warneri Grt. is in the Museum. It is 
not an exact counterpart of E. apiciaria Pack., though the same 
species. The outer line is more bent than in E. apiciaria, and 
it thus makes an approach towards E. hypochraria H.-Sch. 

Endropia astylusaria Wlk. 152, E. madusaria Wlk. 153, E. 
oponearia Wlk. 153, E. tiviaria Wlk. 250, are the same. In 
this case, as in the most of others to which I make reference in 
these notes, there may be much variation of appearance. The 
synonymy, as I express it, is intended to be my view of specific 
relation only. Mr. Warren puts E. vinulentaria G. & R. as a 
synonym, but with this opinion I do not agree. 

Endropia tigrinaria Gn. i, 149, E. propriaria Wlk. 249, are 
the same as E. obtusaria Hbn. 1 believe Clysia decisaria Wlk. 
47, is the same also. 

Endropia deductaria Wlk. 151, is a synonym of E. pedinaria 
Den. & Schif. 

Endropia effectaria Wlk. 1504, is a good species. 

Probole amicaria H.-Sch. will have the following standing 
under it : P. alienaria H.-Sch., Hyperetis nyssaria Gn. i, 118, 
exsinuaria Gn. i, 118, H. persinuaria Gn. i, 119, H. insinuaria 
Gn. i, 119, I\lacaria laticincta Wlk. 885, Azelina neonaria Wlk. 
1 86, Selenia cesionaria Wlk. 183, and Hyperitis nepiasaria Wlk. 

* Some Pyralidae have the circle of hooks incomplete. The Drepanid;e have a complete 
circle, hut the outer half is different from the inner (secondary ?i. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 41 

146. The latter is a very distinct variety, but not entitled to 
specific rank. 

Mr. Warren, without knowledge of the types, places Eubyja 
qucrnaria A. & S., Synopsia phigaliaria Gn. i, 225, Eubyja 
cupidaria Grt. , E. mexicanaria Grt. and E. p&nu/ataria Grt. , 
as one species, which is rather wild, to say the least. Phigali- 
aria Gn. and p&nulataria Grt. are the same, but are very dis- 
tinct from quernaria. Cupidaria and mexicanaria are also dis- 
tinct from jthat species, and from each other. Indeed, in my 
opinion, these species are not all congeneric. 

The type of Biston virginal ius Grt. is in the Museum. It is 
unspread, but is a fresh specimen. I could not well examine it 
under the circumstances. It is much like B. ursarius Wlk. 304, 
but the outer whitish band on the fore wings is broken, and the 
outer line is strongly dentate. 

Amphidasys sperataria Wlk. 307, is a synonym of Eubyja cog- 
nataria Gn. 

Phigalia revocata Wlk. 1527, is the same as PJiigalia striga- 
laria Minot. I have no doubt but they are the same as Phalccna 
Geometra titea Cram. 

I agree with Dr. Packard in his reference of the Boarminae of 
Guenee and Walker. Boarmia humaria Gn. has as synonyms 
B. defectaria Gn. i, 247, B. intraria (in., B. motiiariaWlk. 345, 
B. ephyraria Wlk. 349, Phibalapteryx erosiata Wlk. 1718, B. 
albigenaria Wlk. 348, B. illaudata \Vlk. 397, B. transfi.\aria 
Wlk. 347, and Tephrina cxpressaria Wlk. 1657. I have in my 
notes also Anisodes ? intractaria, but I have a suspicion I may 

have made an error. 



Tephrosia occiduaria (in. i, 266, Boarmia signaria Wlk. 346, 

Tcphrosia spatiosaria Wlk. 403, B. intrataria Wlk. 403, and 

Tephrosia abraxaria \\ r lk. 403, are the same as B. Icrepuscularia; 

abraxaria is quite a distinct variety, and has been described by 

me as fernaldaria. Boarmia cineraria Wlk., 488 is anotlu-r 

synonym. 

; 

Boarmia sublunaria Gn. i, 248, frugaliaria Gn. i, 246, B. col- 
lecta Wlk. 397, and B. fraudulentaria Zell., are B. pampinaria 
Gn. i, 245. 

Boarmia indicataria Wlk. 346, B. filaria \\ r lk. 347, and B. 
polygrammaria Pack, are the same. 



42 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

Boarmia gnopharia Gn. i, 251, is the same as B. umbrosaria 
Hbn., B. porcellaria Ab. & Gn. is almost surely the same. 

Acidalia sparsar'a Wlk. 1596, is one with Boarmia psilogram- 
maria Zell. Here is one instance where Walker is right, and 
Zeller wrong, as the insect is an Acidalia, and has no affinity with 
Boarmia. 

A type of Boarmia plumosaria Pack, is in the Museum. It is 
beyond doubt a synonym of larvaria Gn. The antennae are 
somewhat deceptive in appearance. The ends are broken off, 
the pectinations are spread out, so they appear lengthily plumose 
to the end. But it is not the same species figured and described 
by Packard under this name, nor is it the same as the type in the 
Cambridge Museum. 

Boamria signataria Wlk. 350, Tephrosia imperfeclaria Wlk. 
407, and a specimen marked T. contribuaria are one with Teph- 
rosia canadaria Gn. i, 263. 

Boarmia imitata Wlk. 395, is Tephrosia calif or niaria Pack. 

Aspilates acidaliaria Wlk. 1684, and Aspilates infixaria Wlk. 
1685, are the same as Tephrosia cognataria Hbn. 

Tephrosia submuraria Wlk. 406, is a synonym of T. anticaria 
Wlk. 404. Boarmia intextata Wlk. 398 is, I think, the same, 
and has priority. 

Cidaria albifusata Wlk. 1728 is a synonym of Larentia? e.\- 
ornata Wlk. 1187. 

Aspilates canosdria Wlk. 1674, with pulchraria Minot, is a 
synonym of Endropia semidusaria Wlk. 1501. 

Anisopteryx restituens Wlk. 1697, is the same as A. pometaria 
Harr. 

Anisopteryx scriceiferata Wlk.'is the same as Paleacrita ver- 
nata Peck. 

Melanippe reciprocata Wlk. 1294, is a synonym of Odezia al- 
bovittata Gn. ii, 520. 

Aspilates? ordinaria Wlk. 1068, is the same as Lozogramiua 
extremaria Wlk. 984. 

Cidaria? gibbocostaia Wlk. 1388, and Larentia costinotafa 
Wlk. 1701, are the same as Marmopteryx strigularia Minot. 

Aspilates intermicata Wlk. 1076, is the same as A. pervaria 
Pack. The type of var. interminaria Grt. is in the Museum. 

Corycia hexaspilata Wlk. sup. 1653, is a synonym ot Hetero- 
phleps triguttata H.-Sch. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 43 

Macaria? refusata Wlk. 891, is the same as Heterophleps 
harveyata Pack, and antedates it. 

Scotosia hfesitata Gn. ii, 444, .5". impanperata Wlk. 1363, and 
Philereme albosignata Pack, are one species. 

A MSS. species, type in the Museum, Scotosia differ ens Warr. 
is Triphosa indiibitata Grt. If it be applied to the melanic and 
suffused form it is then a synonym of T. pustularia Hy. Ed\v. 
This is the insect identified by Walker as Scotosia affirmaria Gn. 
Can. Nat. v, 264. ' It is very like that species, but different. 

A specimen of Operophtera bruceata Hulst, has on it a label, 
Anisopteryx remota Pack. I am not aware that Dr. Packard 
ever described a species by that name. 

Lobophora fuscifasciata Wlk. 1258, Larentia longipennis Wlk. 
sup. 1671, Scotosia hbophorata Wlk. 1347, are the same as Lobo- 
phora anguilineala Grt. Mr. Warren joins as the same species, 
L. vernafa Pack, and I incline to the belief that he is right. 

Lobophora atroliturata Wlk. 1710, is the same as /.. geminata 
Wlk. 

Lobophora? nivigerata Wlk. 1259, is a dark form of /.. in/r- 
qualiata Pack. 

Phibalapteryx impleta Wlk. sup. 1683, and P. indoctrinata 
Wlk. 1722 are synonyms of P. intestinata Gn. ii, 432. 

Cidaria luscinata Zell. is the same as Phibalapteryx latirupla 
W r lk. 1684. 

Cidaria f frigidata Wlk. 1729, Larentia / rennnciata \Vlk. 
1187, and Ypsipetcs pluviata Gn. ii, 378, are synonyms of trifas- 
ciata. Mr. Moffat tells me Cleora divisaria Wlk. 4X9, is the 
same species. 

Melanippe gratulata Wlk. 1273, is M. brunneiciliata Pack, ami 
has priority. 

Petrophora truncata var. thingvallata, described, I think, Its- 
Stephens, is the insect afterwards described by me as Cleora 
atrifasciata. The Museum specimens are very much smaller than 
mine, expanding scarcely one-half as much. 

Larentia flamif era Wlk. 1184, is Larentia hersiliata (in. 

Larcnta cerivinifascia \\"lk. 1184, is a variety of popnlata. It 
is very close in appearance to the variety comma-notata Haw. 
Cidaria retnotata Wlk. 1388, C. molliculata Wlk. 1390, C. pro- 
pulsata \Vlk. 1389, and Pelnrga similis \\'lk. 1425, are all fonn> 
of the same species, the American popnlata, called by Pn>l. 



44 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

Lintner packardata. The variations are very wide, but are all 
shown in the set of populata in the British Museum. 

Cidaria explanata Wlk. 1422, and C. cunigerata Wlk. 1726, 
are, I think, the same species. In C. explanata the central band 
is nearly unbroken. 

(To be continued.) 



THE typographer-beetle, Bostrichus typographies, is so called on ac- 
count of a fancied resemblance between the paths it erodes and letters. 
This insect bores into the fir and feeds upon the -soft inner bark; and in 
such vast numbers that 80,000 are sometimes found in a single tree. The 
ravages of this insect have long been known in Germany under the name 
of Wurm troekniss decay caused by worms; and in the old liturgies of 
that country the animal itself is formally mentioned under its common 
appellation, 77?,? Turk. About the year 1665, this pest was particularly 
prevalent and caused incalculable mischief. In the beginning of the last 
century it again showed itself in the Hartz forests; it reappeared in 1757, 
redoubled its injuries in 1769, and arrived at its height in 1783, when the 
number of trees destroyed by it in the above-mentioned forests alone was 
calculated at a million and a half, and the whole number of insects at 
work at once 120,000,000,000. The inhabitants were threatened with a 
total suspension of the working of their mines for want of fuel. At this 
period these Bostrichi, when arrived at their perfect state, migrated in 
swarms like bees into Suabia and Franconia. At length, a succession of 
cold and moist seasons, between 1784 and 1789, very sensibly diminished 
the numbers of this scourge. In 1790 it again appeared, however, and 
so late as 1796 there was great reason to fear for the few fir trees that were 
left. Coivari' 's Curious Facts. 

MANY species of Buprestidae are decorated with highly brilliant metallic 
tints, like polished gold upon an emerald ground, or azure upon a ground 
of gold; and their elytra, or wing coverings, are employed by the ladies 
of China, and also of England, for the purpose of embroidering their 
dresses. The Chinese have also attempted imitations of these insects in 
bronze, in which they succeed so well that the copy may be sometimes 
mistaken for the reality. In Ceylon and throughout India, the golden 
\\ing-cases of two of this tribe, the Sternocera chrysis and .S". sternicornis, 
are used to enrich the embroidery of the Indian zenana, while the lustrous 
joints of the legs are strung on silken threads, and form neck-laces and 
bracelets of singular brilliancy. The Bupreslis alternata, ocellata and 
1'ittata are also wrought into various devices and trinkets by the Indians. 
The B. vittata is much admired among them. This insect is found in 
great abundance in China and thence exported into India, where it is dis- 
tributed at a low price. Coivan' s Curious Facts. 



1 895.] 45 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADVANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

gig" All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., FEBRUARY, 1895. 

A MONUMENT TO THOMAS SAY. 

THE interesting articles on Thomas Say now appearing in the NKWS 
recall the fact that the " Father of American Entomology" has been dead 
sixty-one years. Much progress has been made in the study during that 
time, and doubtless Say would be much astonished if he could return to 
this sphere and see the advancement of the study. Some time ago .Mr. 
Philip Laurent suggested that it would be a very grateful act for the en- 
tomologists of America to erect a monument in memory of Thomas Say. 
We have mentioned this subject before in the NEWS and recalled the fact 
that the ornithologists of America have erected a monument to Audnl>on 
in Central Park, New York. Philadelphia, the birth-place of Say, would 
be the proper place for such a monument, and it is to be hoped that some 
day this may be accomplished. It would not be a difficult matter to start 
a Say monument fund in each of the entomological societies of the coun- 
try and thus collect the necessary amount. If such a thing were done it 
would show how much love and pride entomologists have in the study, 
and it would also show the world at large that there is an important study 
known as entomology, and that it has many enthusiastic devotees. 



Two PRACTICAL HINTS. We notice two notes of interest in the " I'n 
tomologist's Record and Journal of Variation" for Aug. 15, 1894. Mr. 
F. J. Buckell writes that flies always pester him "to infuriation," and that 
he has found that a liberal sprinkling of Eucalyptus oil on his coat coll.u 
and face keeps them away. Rev. C. R. N. Burrows, of Raiuham, finds 
that the use of methylated spirit instead of rum for mixing with sugar 
when sugaring for insects, greatly increases the attractiveness of tin- 
mixture. 



46 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B. SMITH, Sc. D., New Brunswick, N. J. 

" Insect Lime." More properly this should be "insect glue," because 
the German word is " leim;" but the term " lime" has somehow or other 
come into quite general use, and will probably be continued. " Raupen- 
leim" is a product of Germany, of a jelly-like consistency, very dark 
brown in color, with a flavor of carbolic acid in the smell, and is supposed 
to retain its sticky qualities when exposed to the air, rain, etc., fora period 
of from two to three months or more. It is used principally to trap in- 
sects that crawl up and down the trunks of trees, and its usefulness for 
that purpose has been demonstrated. It replaces effectually all those 
devices like tin collars or troughs used for trapping canker worms, and 
all bands of cotton, paper, or other material wherever they have been 
recommended. In our own country this material has not been used to 
any extent except in Massachusetts by the Gipsy Moth Commission, who 
have found it useful within limits in their work against the Gipsy moth. 
It is probable that after a time this substance, or some substitute for it, 
will come into more general use in this country, and if some little modifi- 
cation can be made in it which renders it somewhat more fluid, so that it 
can be put on with a brush like thick paint, its field will probably be a 
large one. One of the most difficult classes of insects to deal with are 
borers, whatever the order to which they may belong. It is rarely that 
we are able to reach the insects themselves in their burrows, and usually 
we can only protect our trees by covering them with some substance that 
is either repellant or forms a mechanical coating. In repellants I have 
no faith whatever, unless the odor is absolutely poisonous, and then the 
effect is not due to the odor, but to the poisonous action. Mechanical 
coatings have been used with more or less success; but they have rarely 
been complete enough to answer every purpose, and have in most cases 
labored under the disadvantage of not being persistent in character and 
requiring renewal at short intervals. Lime in some form has been very 
largely used, and where the coating was properly kept up with very good 
success. At the base of trees, like peach trees for instance, newspapers 
and other similar coverings have been used, and in some orchards I have 
seen wire mosquito netting used to protect the trunks of the trees from 
the insects. In this case the object was to keep the adults from getting 
at the trunk, so that they could not lay their eggs. In the other case there 
was nothing to prevent the laying of eggs; but the lime, which is often 
poisoned, would form a sufficient barrier against the very young larvae; 
yet all these substances have not been quite satisfactory. The thing that 
is required or needed, is a substance that is easy of application, that can 
be put on so as to form an absolutely impenetrable coating, that will re- 
tain its properties for at least a month, and that will not be injurious to 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 47 

the tree. An additional advantage that it should possess, is cheapness. 
Now, "insect lime" possess some of those advantages, and may perhaps 
be modified, so that it may possess all of them. It lias been proved by 
use in Germany to be absolutely harmless to plants, and I am informed 
tli at the trunk of a moderately large growing tree may be entirely coated 
witli this substance without in any way endangering the tree itself. The 
outer bark in large trees possesses no functions necessary for the con- 
tinued growtli or development of the tree, and covering witli any viscid 
substance which is not poisonous would not injuriously influence its growtli. 
The line of insects against which such an application could be used is 
large; for instance, all peach trees could be protected against the attacks 
of the borer. It would not only prevent the moth from laying its eggs, 
but if she alighted on the trunk covered by this "lime" the chances are 
that she would be caught and remain sticking to it. Apple trees could 
be protected against the Saperda in much the same way. Pear trees 
could be protected against the attacks of Scolytus, and of course other 
trees as well where they are subject to the attacks of these insects. A 
coating put on early in the Spring before the leaves start would absolutely 
prevent the emergence of any insects in the bark on the trunk, would 
prevent the hatching of any eggs, and would prevent all insects lying 
dormant in the crevices from making their way out. This would be an 
especially useful thing in the case of the Pear Psylla for instance, that 
hibernates in the crevices of the bark on the trunks of pear trees, and if 
the application was made early enough to inclose the insects and prevent 
them from coming out injury for the balance of the season need not be 
feared. In fact, the number of uses to which a substance of this kind 
could be put is very great, and the suggestion is made here in order to 
induce entomologists, as well as farmers and horticulturists, to test this 
substance during the ensuing season. The American agents for the "in- 
sect lime" are Wm. Menzel.& Son, 64 Broad St., New York City, N. V. 



Notes and. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 
OF THE GLOBE. 

[ The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in each case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put " copy 1 ' into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five "extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



DURING my weekly vacation this year I went to Cumberland, th<- 
northern part of the State, and got about one hundred specimens, mostly 



48 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

Lepidoptera. In luring I did not catch much, except Catocake, the 
smallest Noctuidae did not seem to be represented at all. I think the 
electric lights have diminished insects to a great extent; before we had 
them round us I could find Cecropia cocoons in my yard, and for the past 
year or two I have not found them nearer than a mile and a half of the 
city limits. The Anisota senatoria used to be very destructive to shrub 
oaks round here, but this year I could not find but one or two trees that 
had been eaten by them. In walking to my place of business 1 always 
look under the electric lights, but very seldom find anything worth picking 
up. EDWARD D. KEITH, Providence, R. I. 

TARDINESS OF IMAGINES from first brood reared north and emergence 
of second brood of pupae in Autumn. Of a lot of Smerinthtis geminatus- 
bred from ova, Aug. 3, 1894, which transformed within four weeks, a large 
number imagines appeared, fully eighty per cent., between September 
1 8th and agth. Of a number of collected larvae of Paonias my ops, second 
brood also, which pupated last week of August, several of the perfect 
insects emerged during latter half of September. Usually, these are ex- 
ceptions to the general rule. Stranger behavior occurred among Cerato- 
tnia catalpa-. Larvae collected south, raised here, which pupated between 
June 12 and 19, 1894, with the exception of two or three imagines, refused 
to come out. An equal number of larvae bred from the very same lot of 
first brood down south, which pupated same time, and were shipped 
north, almost the entire number emerged before July 2oth. Perhaps a 
four-days' travel in the mail-bag, during a heated term, hastened matters. 

Dr. R. E. KUNZE. 

Do INSECTS PLAY? Under the title " The habit of amusement in the 
lower animals," Mr. James Weir, Jr., in "The American Naturalist 1 ' for 
October last, brings together a number of observations which he con- 
siders as bearing upon the thesis that certain of the lower animals play. 
The insect instances advanced are: first, the dancing in swarms of certain 
midgets. He does not consider these swarms as mating swarms, since 
on numerous occasions and at different seasons of the year, he has exam- 
ined dozens and found them all to be unimpregnated females; he never 
discovered a male among them. Further, he refers to the observations 
of certain naturalists upon ants, showing that when these insects assemble 
upon the surface of their nests, they sometimes behave in a way which 
can only be explained as a simulation of festival sports or other games. 
He has also observed a flea play what he considered to be a practical 
joke upon an individual of the same species, and he has also seen certain 
female Coccinellids indulge in "true psychical amusement." There is 
room for additional observations in this interesting field, but it is one in 
which the observer is very apt to jump to unjustified conclusions. 

ON ANT STINGS. Mr. Herbert H. Smith, in an interesting letter re- 
cently received, writes as follows concerning the stings of S. American 
ants: 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 49 

"Among the worst of stinging insects are ants; the large J'oticra* for 
Monopfra'.'} sting worse than a hornet. My wife was once stung by a 
dozen or so. She had fever in consequence and'was kept awake for a 
whole night. The Mundurucu Indians of the river Tapajos have a uniqur 
test which, as is well attested, young men endure before they take a wife. 
They fill basket-work bags with the Ponera ants and thrust their arms in 
them to the shoulder. Sometimes with the bags tied on their arms tl.<-y 
dance through the village. After the test the man throws himself in a 
stream, remaining there for hours, but this does not prevent fever. The 
foraging ants (Eciton) sting painfully and attack everything in their uay. 
The little " fire-ants" (Myrmica}, to my knowledge, have sometimes de- 
populated villages; for instance, the village of Aveyros on the Tapajos, 
now re-peopled. This village, which I saw, was one vast nest of the ants. 
A single sting is insignificant, but when a thousand ants attack you at 
once, the matter becomes formidable. The taixi tree of the Ama/on 
takes its name from a little ant always found on it, which, for its size 
(about one-fourth inch long), is the most terrible insect I know of; the 
sting is like a red hot needle. I do not know the genus." 



Identification of Insects Umagos) for Subscribers. 

Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number ol spi-iies 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending ; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Literature. 

1. LA NATURALEZA, ii, 5. Mexico, 1893. [Received Dec. 17, 1894.] 
A new species of Lecanium from Mexico, T. D. A. Cockerell. 

2. THE ANNALS AND MAC.A/INK OF NATURAL HISTORY. London, 
December, 1894. The dates of Moore's " Lepidoptera Indica," C'. 1 >. 
Sherborrt. 

3. THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE LINNKAN SOCIETY OF XK\V Sonn 
WALES (2), viii, 4. Sydney, June 5, 1894. A second note on the Can-n- 
ides, with descriptions of new species, T. G. Sloane. Note on tin- o< 
currence of Iccrya (?gyf>tiacni Dotigl. in New South \Yak-s, \V. \V. 
Froggatt ix, i, Sept. 4, 1894. On the nests and habits of Australian 
Vespidasand Lanid.r, \V. \V. Froggatt. On the life-histories of Australian 
Coleoptera ii, id. Note on the discovery of a destructive Floridian Coccid 
(Icerya rosce Riley and Howard) near Sydney, W. \V. Froggait. 

4. SlTZUNGSBERICHTE DEK KAIS. AKADEM1E DKR WlSSI NSi II \ I 1 I \ 

Math.-Naturwiss. Classe. cii, 10, Abt. i, Vienna, December, 1893. [K<- 



50 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

ceived Dec. 17, 1894 ] Monograph of the digging wasps allied to Nysson 
and Bembe.r, A. Handlirsch, 7 pis. ciii, 1-3, Abt. i, January-March, 
1894. The copulatory feet of the Polydesmidse, C. Attems, 4 pis.; ciii, 
1-4, Abt. iii, January-April, 1894. Researches on the physiology of facetted 
eyes,- A. Ktesel, figs., i pi. 

5. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NEBRASKA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, iv, pp. 
16-22. [Lincoln], 1894. A list of Nebraska butterflies, H. G. Barber. 

6. ATTI DEL R. INSTITUTO VENETO DI SCIENZE, LETTERE ED ARTI, li, 
7. Venice, June 18, 1893. [Received Dec. 17, 1894.] Description of 
and proposals for combatting Diaspis pentagona Targ. Tozz., G. Cane- 
strini, P. A. Saccardo and A. Keller. 

7. THE TRANSACTIONS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, 
1894, pt. iv, December, 1894. A monograph of British Braconidae, pt. v, 
Rev. T. A. Marshall, 2 pis. Catalogue of the Pterophoridse, Tortricidse 
and Tineidae of the Madeira Islands, with notes and descriptions of new 
species, Rt. Hon. Lord Walsingham. Palaearctic Nemourae, K. J. Morton, 
2 pis. Supplementary notes on the Scolytidse of Japan, with a list of 
species, W. F. H. Blandford. Some remarks on the antennae of insects, 
C. O. Waterhouse. 

8. LE NATURALISTS. Paris, Dec. i, 1894. The nymph of Batocera 
rubits, L. Planet. 

9. ANNALES DE LA SOCIKTE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE FRANCE, Ixii, i. 
Paris, July 31, 1893. [This and other parts received Dec. 18. 1894.] Re- 
vision of the species of the genus Phlceophthorus Woll. and description 
of a new genus of Scolytidae, F. Guillebeau. Note on some ants of the 
Galapagos Islands, C. Emery, fig. Remarks on Bembex, P. Marchal. 
Note on the production of sounds by ants and on the organs which pro- 
duce them, C. Janet. Note on larvae of Dermatobia from Brazil, Dr. R. 
Blanchard. 2. Oct. 25, 1893. European and circum-Mediterranean Scyd- 
maenidae, J. Croissandeau, 2 pis. (cont. in 46 Tri.) Descriptions of new 
species and genera of the order Araneae, E. Simon (cont. in 36 Tri.). 
Biological observation on Timarcha generosa, P. Lesne. Note on the 
organ called spatula sternalis and on the Malpighian tubes of Cecidomyia, 
A. Giard, figs., [and farther in the volume], Dr. A. Laboulbene. Com- 
parative study of the development of the egg in the viviparous and ovi- 
parous fleas, Dr. Y. Lemoine. A method of destroying hornets, Dr. F. 
Heim. Attempts at the destruction of Cossus ligniperda, id. Habits and 
metamorphoses of Molytes coronatus, J. Fallou. Contributions to the 
natural history of the larvae of Buprestidse the first larva of Jnlodis 
onopordi F., J. K. d'Herculais, figs. Contributions to the study of para- 
sitic Diptera, Dr. R. Blanchard, figs. Note on some types of Diptera of 
the family Bibionidae, C. Brongniart. On a Coleopterous larva vomited 
liy an infant in Senegal, Dr. R. Blanchard, figs. 3. Dec. 30, 1893 (see E. 
Simon above). Biological observations on the Crabronidae, P. Marchal, 
i pi. Observations on the galls produced on Salix babylonica by 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 51 

ftia/us salicis, followed by some reflections on the importance of phe- 
nomena of cecidiogenesis for biology in general, Dr. F. Heim. On the 
pigmented organ (embryonic testicle) of the caterpillar of Ephestia kueh- 
niella, }. Danysz. Some remarkable Hemiptera, A. Giard. A Dipter 
parasitic on Myriapods of the genus Lithobius, A. Giard. Copulation of 
Clytus tropicits, F. Decaux. Habits and metamorphoses of Lyda stellata ^ 
Cryptohypnus riparins, Capt. Xambeu. tossil Syrphidae of the Tertiary 
amber, F. Meunier. 4. April 30, 1894 (see Croissandeau above). Note 
on the fossil Thysanura of the genus Machilis and description of a ncu 
species, H. Gadeau de Kerville, fig. Apparatus for rearing and observing 
ants and other small animals which live concealed and require a humid 
atmosphere, C. Janet. Change of instinct in Megachile centiincularis, 
A. Giard. 

10. REVUE BIOLOGIOUE DU NORD DE LA FRANCE, vii, 2. Lille, No- 
vember, 1894. Remarks on the organization and comparative anatomy 
of the last segments of the body of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hem- 
iptera, A. Peytoureau, figs., 7 pis. 

11. BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE DES SCIENCES HISTORIQUES ET NATU- 
RELLES DE SEMUR (2), j, 1894, The " nonne" (Psilura monacha}, de- 
scription, habits and metamorphoses, invasions, etc., M. deGail. 

12. JAHRESBERICHT DER NATURFORSCHENDEN GESELLSCHAFT GRAU- 
BUNDENS (N. F.), xxxvii. Chur, 1894. On the actual origin of formic 
acid in honey, Dr. A. von Planta. 

13. BIBLIOTHECA ZooLOGiCA, heft iS. Stuttgart, E. Niigele. Com- 
parative physiological and anatomical researches on the senses of smell 
and taste and their organs, with introductory considerations from general 
comparative physiology- of sense, Dr. \V. A. Nagel, 7 pis. 

14. ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE D' AGRICULTURE, SCIENCES ET INDUS- 
TRIE DE LYON (7), i, 1894. Relations between the peculiarities of the 
cocoons of Bonibyx inori, ]. Rauhn. 

15. LEPIDOPTERA INDICA by F. Moore. Pt. xix. London: L. Reeve 
& Co., 1894 [Received Dec. 24, 1894.] Contains pp. 161-176 of vol. ii, 
pis. 139-146 (Elymniinse, Amathusiinae). 

16. NATURE. London, Nov. 29, 1894. Indo-Malayun spiders, R. I. 
Pucock. [Review of T. and M. E. Workman's " Malaysian spiders," Bel- 
fast, 1894, pts. 1-3.] December 6. Origin of classes among the " parasol" 
ants, H, Spencer. December 13. Indo-Malayan spiders, B. A. Muirhead. 
The warble fly, W. F. Kirby, figs. [Review of Miss E. A. Ormero.rs 
" ( )bservations on Warble Fly or Ox Bot Fly," London, 1894]. 

17. BIOLOGIA CENTKAU-AMERICANA. Pt. cxviii. London. October, 
1894. Coleoptera : vol. ii, pt. i, pp. 441-464, pi. xiv, 1 >. Sharp [ Adi- 
merida?, Colydiidce] ; vol. iii, pt. i, pp. 257-264, G. C. Champion I Ma- 
teridae] ; vol. vii, pi. xi, H. S. Gorham [Coccinellidoe]. Lepidoptna- 
Rhopalocera: vol. ii, pp. 361-376, pi. Ixxxii, F. D. Godinan ,S: O. Salvin 



52 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

[Hesperidse]. Rhynchota-Homoptera, vol. ii, .pp. 25-56, pi. ii, \V. \V. 
Fowler. 

18. COMPTE-RENDU. SOCIETE PHILOMATHIQUE DE PARIS. Dec. 8, 
1894. Salivary glands of the Apinae (Apis mellifica -f and $ ), M. Bordas. 

19. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER. Leipsic, Dec. 17, 1894. On the life- 
history of Chermes abietis L. and C. strobilobius Kalt., N. Cholodkowsky. 

20. BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, vi, 
art. xviii. New York, December, 1894. On North American moths, 
with the description of a new species of Tnpocris, W. Beutenmuller. 

21. ATTI DELLA SOCIETA VENETO TRENTINA DI SCIENZE NATURALI 

(2), ii, i. Padua. Dated 1895, received Jan. i, 1895. Embryology of 
the Acari, F. Supino, 3 pis. 

22. KONGLIGA SVENSKA VETENSKAPS-AKADEMIENS HANDLINGAR (II. 

s.), xxv, 2. Stockholm, 1893-94. On the classification and distribution 
of the palcearctic Collembola, H. Schott, 7 pis. xxiv, 1891. Scandinavian 
Neuroptera-Trichoptera, H. D. J. Wallengren. BIHANG of the same, 
xviii, iv, 8, 1893. On the cortical innervation and capillaries of Lepidop- 
terous larvae, E. Holmgren, i pi. [all received Dec. 26, 1894.] 

23. CATALOGUS HYMENOPTERORUM hucusque descriptorum systemat- 
icus et synonymicus Auctore, Dr. C. G. de Dalla Torre. Vol. ix: Vespitke 
(Diploptera), Lipsise. Sumptibus Guilelmi Engelmann, MDCCCXCIY. 
181 pp. 

24. SOCIETAS ENTOMOLOGICA. Zurich-Hottingen, Dec. i, 15, 1894. 
Lepidopterological notes from America, H. Ficke. Ctiorhynchus ova fits 
L. in North America, H. J. Wickham (= H. F. Wickham !). Carpocapsa 
saltitans from Mexico, M. R[uhl]. 

25. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATURAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION OF STATKN 
ISLAND, iv, 12. New Brighton, Dec. 8, 1894. Two additions to the local 
list of dragonflies, W. T. Davis. 

26. THE CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST. London, Out., December, 1894. 
Some Psychodidae from Long Island, N. Y., N. Banks. A new Peri- 
copid and some new Zygaemdae from Cuba, B. Neumoegen. Some little- 
known species of Oeueis. H. J. Elwes. The Coleoptera of Canada vi, 
H. F. Wickham, figs. A new Attid from Jamaica, T. D. A. Cockerell. 
Entomological notes, C. H. Fernald. List of the dragonflies of Coriinna, 
Mich., D. S. Kellicott. Notes on Alypia inariposa, }. B. Lembert. 
Notes on Quebec Coleoptera, A. W. Hanham. On the geographical dis- 
tribution of some common scale insects, L. O. Howard. Sfiiphy/iniis 
cczsareus Cederh. and S. erythropterus L. in Canada, W. H. Harrington. 
January, 1895. The genera in the Noctuida?, A. R. Grote. The Amer- 
ican species of Perineura, A. D. Macgillivray. Coleoptera of Lake 
Worth, Florida, Mrs. A. T. Slosson. Genitalic classification, Rev. G. D. 
Hulst. Notes on Carama and other Megalopygidae, H. G. Dyar. On a 
new scale insect found on plum, T. D. A. Cockerell. Preliminary studies 
in Siphonaptera, C. P. Baker. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 53 

27. PSYCHE. Cambridge, Mass., January, 1895. On the Rhopalo- 
meridse, S. W. Williston. A Psyllid leaf-gall on Celtis, probably Pa- 
chyfysylla celtidis-pnbescens Riley, C. H. T. Townsend. Phthiria sul- 
phured Loe\v, T. D. A. Cockerell. Life-history of Clisiocampafragilis 
Stretch., H. G. Dyar. Uncertainty of the duration of any stage in the 
life-history of moths, C. G. Soule. 

28. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD. London, Dec. 15, 1894. The 
life-history of a Lepidopterous insect, etc., chap, iii: Parthenogenesis or 
Agamogenesis, J. \Y. Tutt. 

29. THE CECKOPIAN. Milton, Mass., December, 1894. Entomological 
contrivances, S. N. Dunning, \V. L. W. Field, M. L. Earner. January, 
1895. A list of the Lepidoptera-Heterocera of Bridgewater and Brock- 
ton, Mass., W. L. Tower. 

30. AMERICAN SPIDERS AND THEIR SPINNINGWORK. A Natural His- 
tory of the Orbweaving Spiders of the United States with special regard 
to their industry and habits. By Henry C. McCook, D.D. Vol. iii. 
With descriptions of orbweaving species and plates (dated Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, A. I). 1893, on the title page, but the 
preface bears date of July 3, 1894, while the volume was received by the 
Academy Dec. 17, 1894). With this third volume Dr. McCook completes 
this book on the American spiders, of which the first volume appeared in 
1889, the second in 1890. The work, the author tells us, has engaged his 
thoughts for more than twenty years, and he naturally expresses his pro- 
found satisfaction on having completed it. The NEWS takes great pleas- 
ure in congratulating him on this happy termination of his labors. The 
third volume comprises 406 pages and thirty plates. Of the text, 131 
pages and 98 figures therein treat of general habits, biological miscellany 
and anatomical nomenclature, while the remainder is occupied by de- 
scriptions of genera and species. The plates contain both plain and col- 
ored illustrations of this latter part of the text. 

31. GARDEN AND FOREST. New York, Jan. 2, 1895. The chestnut 
weevil, R. A. S., Ed. [C. S. Sargent] . 

32. TRAVAUX DE LA SOCIETE DES NATUKAI.ISTHS DEST.-PETERSBOURG. 
Section de Zoologie et de Physiologic, xxiv, 2, 1894. The embryonic 
development of l.vodes ca/caratiix Bin, J. Wagner, 4 pis. 

33. BULLETIN DE L'ACADEMIE IMPERIALS DES SCIENCES DE ST.-PK- 
TKKSBOURG. (N. S. ivi, xxxvi, i-ii, December, 1893. Synoptic revision 
of the Meloidce of the genus Cte>iof>ns Fisch., A. Semenoff. 12-22. 
March, 1894. Experimental studies on the lymphatic glands of inverte- 
brates, A. Kowalevsky. [Both received Jan. 7, 1895]. 

34. SCIENCE. New series, vol. i, No. i. New York, Jan. 4, 1895.- 
The need of a change of base in the study of North American ( >rtlu iptera, 
S. H. Scudder. 

35- MlTTHEILUNGEN AUS DEM NATURWISSENSCHAFTLICHEN VEKKIN 

FI-R NKC-YORPO.MMERN UNO RUGEN IN GKEITSWALU, xx\. Berlin, i 



54 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

On new'and little-known Neuroptera of the family Megaloptera Burm., 
Dr. A. Gerstaecker. 

36. THE BRITISH NATURALIST. London, Dec. 15, 1894. Some curious 
aquatic larvae, G. Swainson, i pi. A catalogue of Irish Coleoptera, Rev. 
W. F. Johnson. Synonymic list of the genera of the British Araneida, 
Rev. F. O. Pickard-Cambridge. 

37. FEUILLE DBS JEUNES NATURALISTES. Paris, Jan. i, 1895. Re- 
sistance of Zygaenids to cyanide of potassium. A dipterous parasite of 
Orthoptera, C. Marchal. Libellulae and ants, P. Zurclier. 

38. ANATOMISCHER ANZEIGER. Jena, Dec. 19, 1894 Spermatogene- 
sis of Caloptenus femiir-ntbnini, E. Y. Wilcox. 

39. ZOOLOGISCHE JAHRBUCHER, viii, 2. Jena, Dec. TO, 1894. On the 
structure and development of the endosternite of the Arachnida, W. 
Schimkevvitsch, 2 pis. 

40. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES OF PHILA- 
DELPHIA, 1894, pp. 419-420. A supplementary note to Mr. Johnson's list 
of Jamaican Diptera, T. D. A. Corkerell. 

41. MEMOIRES DE LA SOCIETE ZOOLOGIQUE DE FRANCE, 1894, pp. 375- 
392. Observations and experiments on the means of protection of 
Abraxas grossnlariata L., F. Plateau, figs. 

42. LEITFADEN FUR DAS STUDIUM DER INSEKTEN und Entomologische 
Unterrichtstafeln. Von Dr. G. Rorig. Berlin, R. Friedlander & Son, 
1894, 43 pp., Spls. 

43. TWENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT of the Entomological Society of 
Ontario. Toronto, 1894. Insects collected in Bermuda during the Winter 
of 1894, G. Geddes. Common names for butterflies shall we have them?, 
H. H. Lyman. The butterflies of the eastern provinces of Canada, Rev. 
C. J. S. Bethune, figs. The pitcher plant moth (Exyra Rolandiana Grt), 
J. Fletcher. Catastega aceriella Clemens, Seinasia signatana Clemens, 
Rev. T. W. Fyles. Notes on a few Canadian Coleoptera, YV. H. Har- 
rington, fig. Food, feeders and fed, Rev. T. W. Fyles, figs. An attack 
of Ephestia interpunctella, H. A. Stevenson. The economic value of 
parasitism, F. M. Webster, figs. A re-appearance of Pieris protodicc 
Boisd., J. A. Moffat. Remarks on the structure of the undeveloped wings 
of the Satunriidoi, id. Bordeaux mixture as a deterrent against flea bee- 
tles, L. R. Jones. The gypsy moth (Ocneria rtY.v/wL.), J. Fletcher, figs. 
The San Jose (Aspidiotus pcrniciosus Comstock), id., figs. Injurious 
fruit insects of the year 1894, id., figs. (Some of the papers read at the 
sixth annual meeting of the Association of Economic Entomologists, 
already recorded in the NEWS, are here reprinted). 

44. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTI >N, 
iii, 2, Jan. 8, 1895. Additions to the lists of North American termitophi- 
lous and myrmecophilous Coleoptera, E. A. Schwarz. Neuration of the 
wings of the Tenthredinidae, C. L. Marlatt, figs. Notes upon Belostmna. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 55 

and Benacits, C. V. Riley, tigs. The eggs of Ceresa bnba/its Fab. and 
those of C. iaiirimi Fitch, id., figs. On the habits of some Longicorns, 
F. H. Chittenden. Note on the mouth parts of Stctio[>cltiuitn*, L. O. 
Howard. Note on the discovery of a new Scolytid, with brief description 
of the species, A. D. Hopkins. Notes on food habits of Corthylus punc- 
tatissimus, id. Annual address of the President Longevity in inseit-, 
with some unpublished facts concerning Cicada septendcciui, C. Y. Rik-y. 

45. BERLINER ENTOMOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, xxxviii, 3-4, January, 
1894. Monographic contributions to the beetle-fauna of Central America, 
A. F. Nonfried. Contributions to the classification of the Muscidre, E. 
Girschner, figs. On some pakearctic Chilopoda, C. Yerhoeff, figs. The 
history of the so-called breast-bone of the Cecidomyias with a recollec- 
tion of Carl Ernst von Baer, C. R. Osten Sacken. Two critical remarks 
about the recently published third part of the Muscaria schizometopa of 
MM. Brauer and Bergenstamm; also a notice on Robineau-Desvoidy, id. 
xxxix, i. May, 1894. The extra-European Sciaras of the Konigl. 
Museum fiir Naturkunde in Berlin, E. H. Rubsaamen, figs., 3 pis. < >n 
the atavic index-characters with some remarks about the classification of 
the Diptera, C. R. Osten Sacken. Dipterological studies i. Scatoirnvid.c, 
T. Becker, 6 pis. xxxix, 2. July, 1894. On Australian Zoocecidse and 
their producers, E. H. Rubsaamen, 7 pis. Synonymica about Tipulid.r, 
C. R. Osten Sacken. xxxix, 3. October, 1894. The ants of Rio Grande 
do Sul, Dr. H. von Jhering, rigs., i pi. [All the above numbers of this 
Zeitschrift received Jan. 10, 1895!]. 

46. THE NATURALISTS' JOURNAL. London, January, 1895. Pupa 
hunting, H. G. Knaggs. Abraxas grossulariata and its varieties, S. L. 
Mosley, figs. Furniture beetles, id., figs. Some underground beetles. 
Rev. T. Wood. 

47. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, January, 1895. The pigments of 
the Pieridte : a contribution to the study of excretory substances which 
function in ornament, F. G. Hopkins. 

48. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S MONTHLY MAGA/.INE, January, 1895.- 
Catistic potash as an entomological detergent, W. F. H. Blandford. Re- 
laxing insects without aqueous vapor, H. G. Knaggs. 

Bates, and its systematic position, C. J. Gahan. 



49. KRITISCHES VERZEICHNISS der Myrmecophilen u. Termitoplul.-n 
Arthropoden * * * von E. Wasmann S. J. Berlin, Felix L. Dames, 1894. 
Under this title Dr. Wasmann, the greatest living writer >n the subi 
has given an annotated catalogue of all the known species of Arthropods 
which he considers as properly coming under the head of myrmeo .pi 
and termitophiles, after eliminating the element of accidental or simply 
occasional visitors which have made a respectable percentage of IIH-M 
foregoing lists. 

After a short introduction treating of the general subject and its proper 
study, the author gives a table of the number of species in the various 



56 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

groups of Arthropods mentioned in the body of the work. From this 
table we learn that the entire number of myrmecophilous insects recorded 
from the globe, and including several which, while not actually known to 
have this habit, are placed here on account of structural peculiarities 
which indicate as much, reaches 1177. Of these 993 are Coleoptera, the 
best represented families counting up as follows : Staphylinidae, 263; 
Paussidae, 169; Histeridae, 128; Pselaphidae, 113; Clavigeridae, 89. Thirty 
families of beetles are mentioned as more or less certainly myrmecophi- 
lous, and several of them contain from 15 to 40 species, each of which 
live with ants. The Strepsiptera, which American writers have usually 
treated as Coleoptera, furnish one species taken from the hind-body on a 
Ceylonese ant. 

The Hymenoptera furnish 38 myrmecophiles, of which 22 are ants, and 
14 belong to the parasitic families Bracomdce, Chalcididae and Proctotru- 
pidae. The Lepidoptera have 26 members here, the Diptera 18, the Or- 
thoptera 7, the Pseudoneuroptera i, the Rhynchota 72, the Thysanura 20. 
Myriapoda are considered doubtfully included, or more likely simply ac- 
cidental or inimical visitors. There are 26 spiders and 34 Acarina. The 
Crustacea (Isopoda) have 9 representatives. 

The termitophiles are much less numerous, reaching the number of 
105, divided thus : Coleoptera, 87 (of which 5 are Carabidae, 59 Staphyl- 
inidae, 5 Pselaphidte, i Silphid, i Lathridiid, 7 Histeridae, 6 Scarabaeidas, 
the Curculionidae and Chrysomelidae being doubtful), Hymenoptera 6, 
Lepidoptera 2, Diptera 2 (doubtful), Orthoptera doubtful, Pseudoneurop- 
tera 4, Rhynchota 3, Thysanura i. The Arachnoidea have four species. 

After this tabulated statement comes a bibliography of the subject num- 
bering over 500 titles of greater or less importance, interspersed with 
critical notes on their value. Next follows the catalogue proper, a list of 
species classified first into families which are then divided into myrme- 
cophilous or termitophilous species. In each case a reference or note 
shows whence the information is derived, and where other attention is 
needed it is given. A supplement of 19 pages contains descriptions of 
new species, among them a number of North American forms. The 
whole is well indexed and forms a work which will forever reflect credit 
on its author and must form an essential part of the library of the student 
of this fascinating branch of Entomology. H. F. WICKHAM. 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper was published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 

THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 

Kiesel 4, Waterhouse '/, Nagel 13, Kowalevsky 33, Rorig 42, Gecldes 43, 
Fyles 43, Webster 43, Fletcher 43, Riley 44, Blandford 48, Knaggs 48, 



\Vasmann 49*. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 57 

ARACHNIDA. 

Simony*, Pocock 16, Muirhead 16, Supino 21, Cockerell 26*, McCook 
30, Wagner 32, Pickard-Cambridge 36, Schimkewitsch 39. 

MYRIAPODA. 

Attems 4, Giard 9, Yerhoeff 45. 

THYSANURA. 

Gadeau de Kerville 9, Schott 22. 

ORTHOPTERA. 

Scudder 34, Marchal 37, Wrlcox 38, Howard 44. 

NEUROPTERA. 

Morton 7, Wallengren 22, Davis 25, Kellicott 26, Gerstaecker 35*, 
Swainson 36, Zurcher, 37. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Cockerell i*, 26", Froggatt 3 (two), Canestrini, Saccardo and Keller 6, 
Giard 9, Peytoureau 10, Fowler 17*, Dalla Torre 23, Howard 26, Towns- 
end 27, Cholodkowsky 19, Fletcher 43, Riley 44 (three). 

COLEOPTERA. 

Sloane 3, Froggatt 3, Blandford 7, Planet 8, Guillebeau 9, Lesne 9, 
Fallou 9, Croissandean 9, d'Herculais 9, Blancliard 9, Decaux 9, Xambeu 
9, Peytoureau 10, Sharp 17*, Champion 17"-", Gorham 17, \Yickham 24,26, 
Hanham 26, Harrington 26. 43, R. A. S. 31, C. S. Sargent 31, SemenofF 
33, Johnson 36, Slosson 26, Jones 43, Schwarz 44, Chittenden 44, Hopkins 
4\"' (two), Nonfriecl 45 , Mosley 46, Wood 46, Gahan 48. 

DIPTERA. 
Blanchard 9 (two), Giard 9 itwo), Laboulbene 9, Lemoine 9, Brongniart 

9, Meunier 9, Kirby 16, Banks 26*, Williston 27*, Cockerell 27, Marchal 
37, Cockerell 40, Baker 26, Girschner 45, Osten Sacken 45 (four), Riib- 
saamen 45, Becker 45. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 
Sherborn 2, Barber 5, Walsingham 7, Heim 9, 1 )anys/ 9, Peytoureau 

10, de Gail u, Raulin 14, Moore 15, Godman & Salvin 17", Beutenmiiller 
2o' :: ~, Holmgren 22, Ficke 24, Ruhl 24, Neumoegen 26*, Elwes 26, Fernald 
26, Lembert 26, Grote 26, Dyar 26, 27, Soule 27, Tutt 28, Tower 29, Hulst 
26, Plateau 41, Lyman 43, Bethune 43, Fletcher 43 (two), Fyles 43, Ste- 
venson 43, Moffat 43 (two), Knaggs 46, Mosley 46, Hopkins 47. 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Froggatt 3, Handlirsch 4*, Marshall 7, Emery 9, Heim 9 (two), Marchal 
9 (two), Janet 9 (two), Giard 9, von Planta 12, Spencer 16, Bordas i\ 
Dalla Torre 23, Zurcher 37, Macgillivray 26", Marlatt 44, Riibsanmen 45, 
Jhering 45. 



58 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

Doings of Societies. 

PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 8, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, 1509 S. Thirteenth Street. Members 
present: Messrs. Laurent, Haimbach, Boerner, Seeber, Hoyer, E. Wenzel^ 
Trescher, Fox. Dr. Castle, Johnson, H. W. Wenzel and Schmitz. Hon- 
orary member: Dr. Henry Skinner. Meeting called to order at 8.50 P.M. 
President Laurent presiding. The annual reports of the Secretary and 
Treasurer were read and approved, following which the President, Mr. 
Philip Laurent, delivered the annual address, reviewing the history of the 
Social since its organization, and, upon motion of Dr. Skinner, seconded 
by Mr. Fox, the same was ordered to be incorporated in the minutes. 

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. 

The Past, Present and Future of the Feldman Collecting Social. Look- 
ing backwards some six or seven years I see before me a number of gen- 
tlemen gathered together in the entomological den of our host, Mr. Henry 
Wenzel. What are they here for ? What are they doing? What could 
have induced these men with comfortable homes to venture out such a 
night as this ? They have met to form an entomological club, or more 
strictly speaking a social. They are discussing rules and laws to govern 
the same, and the selection of a suitable name by which the club shall be 
known. What brought them together? love of companionship and the 
advancement of their entomological studies, nothing more, nothing k-ss. 
No doubt all those present this evening, who took part in the first meet- 
ing had their doubts as to the success of the venture, doubts which have 
vanished long before this. At the time the Social was formed some 
thought it rather strange that another entomological society should be 
formed in a city wherein there was already such a society in existence 
whose reputation for its collections, library and labor in the field of ento- 
mology was known throughout the world. The fact was, that many of 
those attending the meetings of the American Entomological Society, 
many of whom were members of the said society, did not find the social 
feature represented there to any great extent, and it is perhaps well that 
it should be so, otherwise in time the social feature might eventually rule 
the meetings, which would certainly bring about a deplorable state of 
affairs. The fact is, the rooms of the American Entomological Society 
are for work, while the rooms of the Feldman Collecting Social are tor 
social intercourse and pleasure, at least this is the case on the second 
Tuesday of each month, while it is true that during the rest of the month 
considerable entomological work is done, especially by our host, Mr. 
Wenzel. 

One year after the organization of the Social there was found to be no 
decrease in the membership, in fact there never has been any. During 
the second year two of the members resigned from the Social, but their 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 59 

places were immediately filled by some of those waiting for an opening. 
The membership has since grown, so has the interest in the Social, and I 
might add the interest in entomology, for no doubt social intercourse 
among entomologists helps to stimulate to greater effort in unraveling 
entomological problems. 

We are now about seven years old, and the present time finds no abate- 
ment of the interest in the Social's affairs; several new members have 
been recently added, and at the present rate of increase it will soon be 
necessary to hang out the sign "standing room only." Another feature 
of the present time is, that the minutes of our meeting are thought of 
sufficient importance to warrant the editors of the ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 
publishing them in their journal under the head of " Doings of Societies' 
Up to the present, good health, so essential to hard work in the field, has 
been enjoyed by the majority of the members; our collections have in- 
creased wonderfully and many rare species have been added. But, as to 
the future, who can tell ? As far as indications go, the outlook could not 
be brighter. Prosperity has been ours since the Social started; what is to 
hinder its continuing? Our treasury is somewhat different from that <>i 
the U. S. it is true, ours being full, while its is comparatively empty. 
Various trips have been mapped out for the coming season, in anticipation 
of which we are looking into the future with much pleasure. That the 
Social may prosper in every way and have a long and profitable life is the 
wish of your retiring President, Philip Laurent. 

Mr. Boerner exhibited two boxes of Coleoptera, being his re-arranged 
collection of water beetles. He stated that out of 108 species represented, 
82 were found in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Mr. Seeber exhibited a 
number of cocoons taken from the trunk of a palm which were evidently 
made by the larvae of a weevil, as a dead imago was found in one of them. 
He received them from Mr. Louis Schneider, of Philadelphia. 1 >r. 
Skinner stated that there appeared some uncertainty among entomolo- 
gists in reference to the manner of marking the data on mounted sp< ' i- 
mens. Some mark the month first and some the day. He therefi in- 
suggested, as a remedy, to first mark the month in Roman numerals 
followed by the day of the month in Arabic. 

On the invitation of Dr. Skinner, it was moved by Mr. II . \V. \\Vnxel 
that the next meeting be held at the Doctor's residence, Tuesday, Feb- 
ruary 1 2th, and the Secretary be instructed to notify the members of the 
place of meeting several days previous. 

The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as follows, by a 
unanimous vote : 

President. Mr. JAMES II. BLAND. 
Vice- r>-c side >it. \)<c. DAVID M. CASTLE. 
Treasurer. Mr. H. W. WE.N/.EL. 
Secn-/(ur.Mr. THEO. H. SCHMIT/. 

No further business being presented the members adjourned t<i ilu- 
annex to their annual banquet. TIIKO. H. SCIIMITA 



6o ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

The Kratornological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW HYMENOPTERA. 

By T. D. A. COCKERELL, N. M. Agr. Exp. Station. 

Sphaerophthalma prunotincta n. sp. 9 14 mm. long; of the general 
build of snmichrasfi, but the thorax somewhat longer and the head de- 
cidedly smaller. The coloration of the thorax resembles that of sumi- 
c/n-asti, but the black triangle has its base about the hind margin (instead 
of the front margin) of the prothorax. The second segment of the abdo- 
men differs totally from that of smnic/irasti, being a dull plum-color, with 
two yellowish spots. Color dark pinkish brown, with black and pale yel- 
lowish or cream-colored pubescence. Head covered with pale yellowish 
hairs as in suuiic/irasfi, eyes lashed with long black hairs. Antennae 
black, scape covered with pale hairs. Dorsum of thorax covered with 
yellowish hairs, except a large mid-dorsal heart-shaped patch (or, one 
might say, rounded triangle), with its base as above mentioned, and its 
api-\ on the upper part of the metathorax. Abdomen elongate pyriform; 
first segment broadened and sessile, its suture with the second somewhat 
constricted. Second segment above strongly reticulate, pinkish brown, 
with rather sparse, erect hairs, a median patch of appressed black hairs, 
with a round patch of appressed cream-colored hairs on each side of it, 
and a fringe of cream-colored hairs bordered above by blackish. The 
third segment has a similar fringe of creamy-yellow hairs, but its exposed 
dorsal surface is also covered by such hairs. The remaining segments 
show the yellowish fringe to the sides, but their dorsal surface is covered 
by a large black blotch ; underside of abdomen with long yellowish hairs. 
On the second segment the yellowish fringe intrudes mid-dorsally into 
the blackish area, giving the appearance of a yellowish spot, which forms 
an equilateral triangle with the two yellowish dorsal spots. Legs pinkish 
brown, with the joints and the spines black; the large spines at the apex 
of each tibia are very distinctly serrate on their inner margin, a characte- 
rise noticed in sumichrasti, occidcntalis, dugesii and ore us; while mega- 
cantha is of a different type, having the spines of the posterior tibiae very 
feebly serrate, those of the middle ones not serrate, and those of the 
anterior ones serrate spiny on both sides. 

The coloration of the abdomen in prunotincta is peculiar. The 
dark plum-colored tint is wholly due to the dermis, all the hairs 
being either black or yellowish. The black patch, which in sumi- 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 6l 

chrasti covers the whole of the dorsum of the third segment, is 
in prunotinda shifted backwards, so as to have its upper margin 
on the fourth segment. 

In sumichrasti the yellow bordering the second segment be- 
comes deeper, almost orange, in tone, and much greater in extent ; 
while the small intrusion into the black mentioned \n prunotinda 
becomes in sumichrasti a large, clean-cut notch in the black mid- 
dorsum of the segment. Here again we see the markings of 
sumichrasti shifted backward in prunotinda, and the same is the 
case as above explained, also on the thorax. 

Comparing dugesii, prunotinda and sumichrasti, one sees that 
in spite of great superficial differences of color they are nearly 
related ; and on further reflection, there appear good reasons 
for regarding dugesii as furthest from, and pr2tnotincta nearest to 
their common ancestor. It may not be out of place to dwell a 
little on this phase of the subject, and so depart from the usual 
dry detail of descriptive entomology ! 

In prunotinda and sumichrasti we find yellow hairs, but none 
scarlet. In dugesii beautiful pinkish scarlet hairs appear on the 
abdomen, while in the little heterchroa they have extended to the 
head and thorax. In all groups of animals, it is recognized that 
yellow and yellow colors are intimately related, and that red is a 
later product of metabolism than yellow; thus red forms vary to 
yellow, but not yellow to red, except in the form of gradual red 
suffusion. Red varying suddenly to yellow is regarded as ata- 
vism; thus, for example, the red Lopidea media has a yellow 
variety, robinicc Uhler, which we hold to be either ancestral or 
atavistic in its nature. 

It follows, therefore, that we have presumptive evidence for 
regarding sumichrasti as an older type than dugesii, and dugesii 
as older than heterchroa. On examining the maculation we find, 
as above stated, that the markings of sumichrasti are thnmn 
about a segment backwards in prunotinda. But in dugesii, 
compared with sumichrasti, they appear to be slightly thrown 
forwards, so that, for example, the black spot of the apical half 
of the abdomen intrudes on the second segment, and the black 
proper to the second segment is pushed to its base. Consequently, 
as sumichrasti falls, in regard to its maculation, between dHgesii 
and prunotinda, and as we have held duge sii to be a later type 



62 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

than sumichrasti, there seems a reasonable probability \\i3A. pruno- 
tincta is an older type than either. 

At this point the little Mexican 6". arachnoides becomes interest- 
ing. Colored black and yellow, like sumichrasti, its markings 
are nevertheless thrown back in the manner of pru notincta. 

Thus we get a series of types, from the oldest to the newest, 
in prunotincta, arachnoides, sumichrasti, dugesii, heterochroa. This 
series is Mexican in its distribution, but extends northward (in 
heterochroa) to the region of the Organ Mountains in N. Mexico. 

The unique type of prunotincta is from Guanajuato, Mex., 
found by Dr. A. Duges. 

Sphaerophthalma myrmicoides n. sp. 9 about 4 mm. long, rufous, 
sparsely hairy. Head subcircular, its angles rounded, a little wider than 
thorax, strongly punctate; very sparingly pubescent witli yellowish white 
hairs, which do not interfere with its general color, and are not visible 
without a lens. Flagellum blackish; mandibles large, with blackish ends, 
denticle blunt; the thorax, as seen from above, is shaped like the helmet 
of the British grenadier that is to say, it is rounded and somewhat swol- 
len anteriorly, narrowing posteriorly, without any marked constriction, 
and finally truncate at the rim of the rapidly descending metathorax; 
seen from the side, the thorax presents a triangle, the base of which is its 
inferior surface; in this triangle the anterior side is greater than the poste- 
rior (metathoracic) side, which it meets at an angle only slightly greater 
than a right angle. The surface of the thorax is strongly rugose-punctate; 
and the pale hairs, most numerous and longest on the metathorax, are so 
scanty as not to obscure the rufous color of the dermis. Legs yellowish, 
with the femora and tibiae blackish, except at their ends. Abdomen 
elongate pyriform, shining rufous, distinctly punctate, sparsely covered 
with pale hairs above and below; last three segments almost black. First 
segment large, much broadened and sessile with the second, the suture 
between them inconspicuous. 

Hab. Columbus, Texas (H. F. Wickham). One specimen. 

In color and general build, it reminds one of ferrugata, but is 
smaller than the smallest of that size-varying species, besides 
having the first segment of the abdomen different. .5. pygnKca, 
from Blake's description, might closely resemble it; but I have 
regarded another specimen, from Las Cruces, N. .Mex., as re- 
ferable to pygmtfa. This latter, which has the white fringe on 
the abdominal segments very distinct (whereas it is extremely 
inconspicuous in myrmicoides), at least agrees better with pygmtsa 
than the present form, though it may quite possibly be distinct 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 63 

and undescribed. S. frigida Smith, by the description, also 
seems similar, but I think is clearly distinct. 

It is curious that from the same locality (Columbus, Texas), as 
well as from Morgan County, La., Mr. Wickham sends a small 
Mntilla which presents a close superficial resemblance to S. myr- 
micoides This, which appears to be certainly A/, puteola Bl., 
will be distinguished by the shape of the eyes and somewhat 
larger size, as well as the parallel-sided thorax and other charac- 
ters which appear on minute examination. 

[This species is closely related to pygm&a, differing by the 
want of white pubescence on the apical abdominal segments. 
W. J. F.] 

Sphaerophthalma quadriguttata Say, var. bigntlata. sp. nov. The two 
anterior spots of the second abdominal segment absent. 

I have a 9 from Columbus, Texas (Wickham). The remain- 
ing posterior spots are somewhat reduced in size, and for this 
reason rather further apart than in typical quadriguttata, though 
not nearly so far apart as in wickhami. This variety, though now 
first named, is alluded to by Blake. 

The interest of this variety arises from the fact that in color 
markings, though not in structure, it shows a transition towards 
2vickhami. It remains to be seen whether it occurs in the South 
only, or extends northwards with the typical form. 

Brachycistis idiotes n. sp. ^ shining chestnut-brown, head, legs and 
antennae concolorous; wings hyaline, with a slight yellow tinge, venation 
fuscous, stigma shining, very dark brown. Length of anterior wing 15 
mm.; of first abdominal segment 3'-, mm. Antennae long, as usual in 
tht- genus, first joint of flagellum about as long as second. Ocelli large, 
not situated on any black patch. Punctures of thorax distinct, but scat- 
tered, not numerous. Legs with pale long hairs, tibial spurs very long 
and slender, the longest one oil the hind leg being about half as long- 
as the first joint of tarsus. First abdominal segmens with erect pale 
hairs; its shape elongate, narrow, but slightly constricted at its junction 
with second. Second segment above not punctate. Wings ample, stigma 
a little over 2 mm. long, marginal cell just 2 mm. long, moderately nar- 
row, terminally obliquely truncate, appendiculate. First submaryin.il 
longer than stigma; second triangular, about as long as marginal, its 
distal lower angle a right angle; third irregularly quadrate, narrowed 
above. First recurrent nervure joining second submarginal considerably 
beyond its middle; second recurrent joining third submarginal also beyond 
its middle. Minute hooks on costa of inferior wing thirteen in number 
;in castanea they are about seventeen). 

Hab. Las Cruces, N. Mex. (Cockerell). 



64 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

Most unfortunately, the unique type was attacked by Anthrenus 
while I was away during the Summer, owing to its not hiving 
been transferred to the general collection. There is, however, 
quite sufficient remaining to give the differential characters. 

The species is apparently nearest to lepidus, but differs in its 
long marginal cell and in the second submarginal receiving the 
first recurrent beyond the middle. In the latter character it re- 
sembles alcanor, from which it differs in color and other particu- 
lars. From castanea it is at once separated by its color and the 
shape of the first abdominal segment. In the generic description 
of Brachycistis ; 'one very short, truncate marginal" must be 
altered to read " one marginal, truncate, often very short." 

Note on habits of B. idiotes, etc. In September Brachycistis glabrcl- 
lus, B. castaneus and B. elegantn'its were taken at light in the Mesilla 
Valley, the first named being especially numerous. Not a single //. 
idiotes or B . lepidus was to be seen, and when idiotes was described I 
knew it only from the one specimen taken in Las Cruces last Autumn. 
In November two B. lepidus were found drowned in the horse-trough at 
the Agricultural College one on November 5th, the other on November 
22d. In the same month two B. idiotes came to the lamp at my house in 
Las Cruces, one on November 2ist, the other on November 25th. Another 
idiotes entered my house about the middle of December. During this 
period (November, December) nothing was seen of glabrellus, castaneus 
or elegantulus. Thus it is seen that idiotes and lepidus appear in late 
Autumn, after the Summer species have disappeared: to this fact must 
doubtless be ascribed the non-discovery, until last year, of so large and 
easily recognized a species as idiotes. The size of idiotes varies, the 
largest (type) is fully as large as lepidus, the smallest only n mm. long. 
T. D. A. COCKERELL, December, 1894. 



OBITUARY. 

The death has been announced of Dr. GEORGE MARX, of Washington, 
D. C. Dr. MARX was well known as a writer on spiders and as the author 
of a catalogue of the described Araneae of Temperate North America. 

GEORGE D. BRADFORD, a promising young entomologist, and corre- 
sponding secretary of the New York Entomological Society, died at his 
home, in New York City, Nov. 24, 1894, of typhoid fever; he was born 
May TI, 1873. 

BERTHOLD NEUMOEGEN died of consumption on January 2ist. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for January, was mailed January 4, 1895. 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. III. 




BERTHOLD NEUMOEGEN. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION, 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

VOL. vi. MARCH, 1895. No. 3. 

CONTENTS: 



Neumoegen , Berthold 65 

Ashton Ignorance of the knowledge of 

Entomology in the year of 1853 67 

Hulst North American Geometrina in 

European collections 70 

Bruce High mountain moths 73 

Ottolengui Aberration, variety, race 

and form 77 



Economic Entomology 83 

Notes and News 87 

Entomological Literature 89 

Doings of Societies 93 

Entomological Section 94 

Dyar Preparatory stages of Phlege- 

thontius cingulata 95 



Brendel The compound eye 97 

Webster Thomas Say So ' Dyar Larva of Orneodes 100 

Editorial.. 82 



BERTHOLD NEUMOEGEN. 

Mr. Neumoegen died at his home, in New York, on January 
2ist of consumption, hastened by an attack of grip. His suffer- 
ing during the last two weeks of his life was very great, and he 
looked upon death as a relief. He was born at Frankfort, on the 
Main, Germany, Nov. 19, 1845. He received a very good edu- 
cation, and his friends and schoolmates always spoke of him as 
one of the brightest of boys. He was a great linguist, speaking 
five or six languages fluently, and never tired of discoursing on 
his favorite subject Lepidoptera. When a small child his greatest 
pleasure was to run in the fields with his butterfly net and catch 
his beloved insects. He began his collection about twenty- one 
years ago little dreaming of the extent to which it was destined 
to grow, but his love and enthusiasm increased every day, and 
he really added to his collection until the very last day of his life. 
His love for the butterflies was so great that, when working in 
his room with his assistant Mr. Doll, he would forget all about 
his illness and every other trouble and was really happy. One 
of Mr. Neumoegen' s characteristics was his extreme liberality 
in allowing students to study the rich material in his magnificent 
collection, and as a consequence it contains many valuable types 



66 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March 

described by our most prominent lepidopterists. In this con- 
nection Dr. Herman Strecker wrote of him: "When my friend 
Neumoegen, some years ago, commenced to study and collect 
Lepidoptera, to which he applied himself with an energy seldom 
equaled, I impressed on him the importance of obtaining exam- 
ples from Arizona, giving him drawings of Arg. nokomis and 
other rare species. By indefatigable industry he secured collec- 
tors who, from inner Arizona, in a remarkably short time sent a 
large quantity of the most interesting material, among which 
\\Q\-Q Smerinthus imperator and the coveted nokomis in both sexes, 
as well as numbers of others new to science. I cannot omit men- 
tioning another still more astonishing thing in connection with 
the reception of these Arizona novelties which, incredible as it 
may appear, is nevertheless a fact, to the truth of which I am 
willing to at any time to be qualified with proper jurat appended; 
it is when Mr. Neumoegen passed them to me he did not even 
hint, let alone make it a condition, that any of the new species 
should be named after himself, his wife, his aunts, or his cousins- 
german, his grandparents, the stranger within his gates, or even 
after his rich neighbor." He was an indefatigable collector, and, 
as a result, was the possessor of one of the finest collections of 
Lepidoptera in the world. Mr. Neumoegen was also a well- 
known writer on his specialty, and described many new genera 
and species from this country and the West Indies, and of late 
years has published a number of valuable papers on the Bom- 
bycidae in conjunction with Mr. H. G. Dyar. He was engaged 
in business as a banker and broker at No. 40 Exchange Place, 
and was a member of the New York Stock Exchange. Mr. 
Neumoegen will be greatly missed among his lepidopterological 
brethren and co-workers, and his wife and children will have the 
sympathy of his scientific friends in their irreparable loss. 



IN 1835, a plague of locusts made their appearance in China, in the 
neighborhood of Ouangse, and in the western departments of Quangtung. 
The military and people were ordered out to exterminate them, as they 
had done two years before. A more rational mode, however, was adopted 
by the authorities, of offering a bounty of twelve or fifteen cash per catty 
of the insects. They were gathered so fast for this price, that it was im- 
mediately lowered to live or six cash per catty. A strike followed, and 
the locusts were left in quiet to do as much damage as they could. Cow 
an' s Curious Facts, 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 67 

IGNORANCE OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF ENTOMOLOGY 
IN THE YEAR OF 1853. 

By T. B. ASHTON, Tonganqxie, Kan. 

It may be of interest to the readers of ENT. NEWS to know 
the opinion of so well informed and truthful an entomologist as 
the late Dr. Fitch, who had ample facilities to make correct ob- 
servations as to the existing ignorance on the subject of insects 
and their habits, that was generally prevalent in this country six 
years prior to the organizing of the Entomological Society of 
Philadelphia. I make the following extract of a letter written by 
Dr. Fitch to Mr. Johnson, and first published in the "Journal" of 
the New York State Agricultural Society, July, 1853. Since the 
elate of this letter, his seventeen years' of labor as New York State 
Entomologist, did very much to educate and enlighten an igno- 
rant public on the subject of Entomology, and great credit is due 
to his industry in spreading through the land a correct knowledge 
of insects during his useful life. Forty-one years have passed 
since this letter was written, and what a wonderful contrast the 
ignorance of Entomology at that time and the general knowledge 
of it to-day ! 

"SALEM, N. Y., June 3oth, 1853. 
'' Hon. B. P. JOHNSON 
"My Dear Sir: * * * ' 

" But a still more remarkable instance-of the excessive multipli- 
cation and consequent havoc caused by an insect not previously noticed 
has occurred in this vicinity since I received your letter. Indeed, it sur- 
passes everything of the kind that has hitherto been experienced in this 
county since the date of its settlement. On the igth inst. a man from 
Cambridge inquired of me whether I had observed the worms upon the 
apple trees, saying that all the orchards in that town were being stripped 
of their leaves. Next day, on going to my apple trees, I found the worm 
alluded to, upon all of them, committing great havoc; and a gentleman 
from the Argyle informed me that within two or three days past they had 
been observed overrunning all the apple trees there. Upon the 23d inst. 
the Circuit Court being in session in the village of Salem, I saw persons 
from most parts of the country, and learned that this worm was ravaging 
every orchard within our borders without exception. Some idea of the 
value of our orchards and the amount of damage which this pest threatens 
to do us may be formed from the fact that, two years ago, to supply the 
vacancies produced by trees that had perished, and to plant new orchards 
upon some farms, an agent from one single nursery disposed of young 
trees in their county to the amount of $10,000. As it well may, there! 



68 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

this worm forms the leading topic of conversation in every circle, and our 
newspapers are giving notices of it in their columns. And the crude and 
erroneous notions that are being formed and circulated respecting it sho\v, 
in a most humiliating manner, the gross ignorance which pervades our 
country upon topics of this kind. One gentleman tells me that in a con- 
versation with the most noted and experienced nurseryman in our county 
they had mutually come to the conclusion that this worm had been bred by 
what in his neighborhood is termed ' the little green insect.' On enquiring 
I ascertained that this little green insect, so named because they knew no 
other name for it, was nothing more or less than Aphis niali, or Apple- 
leaf Louse. And the idea that this louse breeds these worms is rather 
more wild than it would be to conjecture that fleas breed bed-bugs. One 
of the most intelligent and successful farmers, who sometimes wields his 
pen as well as his scythe and hoe, favored me with the recherche infor- 
mation that this is the 'canker worm,' at least, said he, it is the very 
same worm that was called the canker worm in Connecticut when I was 
a boy. Had my good friend asseverated that the moon was made of 
green cheese he would scarcely have surprised me more. I overheard 
another gentleman who is a graduate or one of our best colleges recom- 
mending to another similarly educated citizen to bore his apple trees, fill 
the hole with sulphur and close it by inserting a plug ' made from the 
wood of the same tree.' Methought he ought to have added that the 
hole should be made with ' a silver bullet,' or at least that this operation 
should be done ' in the old o' the moon.' Friend Johnson, posterity will 
only need what I have above stated to show them that mauger all our 
vaunted light and intelligence in this, one of the most important branches 
of natural science to the farmer, and one of the most interesting depart- 
ments of Nature's works to every studious and enquiring mind, our country 
at the present day is sunk in Egyptian darkiiess. In diffusive information, 
as far as it respects Entomology, we are lagging tar behind the subjects 
of several of the monarchical and despotic governments of the old world. 
In Germany and Prussia, countries which are regarded as much less en- 
lightened than our own, not merely is a professor of this science deemed 
indispensable in every university and every agricultural seminary, but its 
rudiments are taught in all their primary schools. In this country, on the 
other hand, such a thing as a course of lectures upon this science has 
never yet been delivered, except, perhaps, in one or two of our universi- 
ties. Indeed, much of the very foundation of this science, upon this side 
of the Atlantic, is yet to be laid. Whole groups and families of insects 
have never been examined. We have not names even by which to desig- 
nate a considerable portion of our species. Take this apple tree worm, 
for instance. It belongs to a family of insects of which, in Great Britain, 
there are upwards of 300 species. Our own country, we may safely as- 
sume, contains at least double that number. And of our 600 American 
insects of this family how many, think you, have been examined and de- 
scribed ? So far as I am able to ascertain there are three species only! 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 69 

In no other department of science is an exploration so urgently required, 
so loudly called for, as in this. Scarcely a week passes but that one and 
another within the circle of my acquaintance is coming to me with some 
insect which he has detected preying upon some article of property of 
which insect he is anxious to know the name, habits and remedies. Within 
the last forty-eight hours one has brought me a worm which is infesting 
the roots of his squashes, melons and cucumbers, and has killed a large 
number of these plants in his and his neighbors' gardens; another has 
shown me some pea-pods containing a worm which is devouring the 
young peas; a third has brought in some tomato plants wilted and de- 
stroyed by a grub that has perforated the stalk; and a young lady has 
submitted to my notice some caterpillars which she finds devouring her 
roses. Such facts forcibly show how much, how very much, we need a 
thorough investigation of the Entomology of our country. It is indeed 
surprising that this branch of natural science, in an economical aspect 
second to no other in its importance, should have remained to this day so 
lamentably neglected. In that valuable series of volumes of Natural 
History of the State of New York we are presented with a full descrip- 
tion of every object in the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdom, that 
exist without (= within (?) ) our borders, save only our insects. This 
most important hiatus remains to be filled to complete that great work 
and render it full and entire as it was designed to be. Each succeeding 
year is showing how urgently we need the information which this part of 
that work would furnish. Why should its completion be longer delayed ? 
The pecuniary loss which we shall sustain the present year from this one 
insect which is now devastating our orchards is probably greater than will 
be the whole cost of a survey of the insects of the State. 

This moth pertains to the genus Argyro-lepia and the sub- 
genus Lozopcra of the distinguished British entomologist, Mr. Stephens. 
And as this species does not appear to have been hitherto described I 
propose to call it the Argyrolepia poiiiariana, the specific name being 
derived from the Latin: poinariuin, which, translated, will give us for the 
common name of this insect, the Orchard Moth, or if we wish to be more 
definite, the Orchard Argyrolepia." 

Yours Truly. 

ASA FITCH. 



\Yi: are the army of the great God, and we lay ninety-and-nine eggs; 
were the hundredth put forth, the world would be ours such is the speech 
the Arabs put into the mouth of the locust. And such is the feeling the 
Arabs entertain of this insect, that they give it a remarkable pedigree, 
and the following description of its person: It has the head of the horse, 
the horns of the stag, the eye of the elephant, the neck of the ox, the- 
breast of the lion, the body of the scorpion, the hip of the camel, the 
legs of the stork, the wings of the eagle, and the tail of the dragon. 
Cowan's Curious facts. 



7<D ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

NOTES ON TYPES OF NORTH AMERICAN GEOMETRINA 
IN EUROPEAN COLLECTIONS.-IV. 

By GEO. D. HULST. 

(Continued from page 44, vol. vi, ENT. NEWS) 

Melanippe concordata Wlk. 1295, is the same as obdudata 
Moesch. 

Camptogramma ftuviata Hbn. has as synonyms, C. lapillala 
Gn. ii, 430, from Abyssinia; C. baccata Gn. li, 430, from Ceylon; 
as well as the following from North America: Cidaria peracuata 
Wlk. 1421, Corernia abruptata Wlk. 1713, C. alternata Wlk. sup. 
1 68 1, C. pigrata Wlk. sup. 1681, Camptogramma exagitata Wlk. 
1-331, and Camptogramma? signataria Wlk. 1718. There is also 
a specimen of the same called pJemyrata Feld., but I do not 
know whether it is correct. 

Cidaria inclinata Wlk. 1727, is a synonym of C. ferrugata L. 

The type of Psychophora sabini Curtis is in the Museum. The 
middle band of the fore wings is quite distinct, and it differs very 
much from the "seal brown" immaculate form which Dr. Pack- 
ard had from Polaris Bay. Var. frigidaria Gn. ii, 269, is, I 
think, not different from the blackish form described by Dr. 
Skinner as Glaucopteryx immaculata. There are some specimens 
in the Museum among a number taken in Grinnell's Land which 
closely approach the form which Dr. Packard had. 

Larentia ziczacata Wlk. 1185, L. placidata Wlk. 1186, and 
Lobophora incommodata Wlk. 1259, are the same as Spargania 
magnoliata Gn. ii, 455. 

Tkera congregata Wlk. 1264, is a much rubbed specimen of 
lacustrata, or unangulata, probably the latter. 

Tephrosia comptaria Wlk. 406, is Epirrita perlineata Pack. 
Melanthia condensata Wlk. 1273 is the same species, but the type 
is faded and rubbed. 

Tephrosia scitularia Wlk. 406, is Epirrita cambrica Curtis. 

Eupithecia implicata Wlk. 1241, is not the same as E. mise- 
rulata Grt. I so determined it from a picture made from the 
type, but I was wrong. The species are very like each other, 
but distinct. 

Eupithecia anticaria Wlk. 1241 and E. explanata^N\\i. 1242, 
are the same. 



~lS95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 7 1 

Thalera siiperata Wlk. sup. 1612, is a synonym of Nemoria 
pistacearia Gn. i, 348. 

Nemoria zncer/ataWlk. 1557, is the same as N. gratata Pack, 
and N. oporaria Zell. 

Geometra mimicata Wlk. sup. 1600, is the same as Synchlora 
rubivora Riley, and is a synonym of Aphodes glaucaria Gn. i, 

377- 

Synchlora liquoraria Gn. i, 375, is 5". tricoloraria Pack. 

lodis tractaria Wlk. 540, is the same as Aplodes mimosaria Gn. 
'' 377- which is probably the same as Geometra (grata Fabr. 

Nemoria denticularia Wlk. 536, is the same species as Syn- 
chlora excurvaria Pack. 

Racheospila lixaria Gn. covers R. ? exlremaria Wlk. 584, 
Geometra inclusaria Wlk. 508, G. congruata\\V&. 511. Aplodes 
rnbromarginaria Pack, and Racheospila cupedinaria Grt. The 
type of R. cnpedinaria is in the Museum. 

Anisodes bifilata Wlk. 1585, is Aplodes brunnearia Pack, and 
is itself a synonym of Nemoria bistriaria Hbn. 

' Nemoria indiscriminata Wlk. 1556, N. densaria Wlk. 1557, 
and Thalassodcs deprivata Wlk. 1559, are synonyms of Nemoria 
chloroleucaria Gn. i, 351. 

Nemoria phyllinaria Zell. is the same as N. zelleraria Pack. 

Geometra iridaria Gn. i, 344, is G. rectaria Grt. Mr. Grote's 
type is in the Museum. Geometra remotaria Wlk. 530, is the 
name for the insect which is called (!. iridaria Gn. in our collec- 
tions. 

Some specimens have been sent me by Prof. Riley which seem 
to be Eucrostis dominicaria Gn. i, 367, from St. Domingo. Prof. 
Riley 's specimens were from Key West, Fla. 

Acidalia ordinata Wlk. 722, A. puraria Wlk. 796, and A. 
candidaria Pack, are the same. 

Acidalia obfusaria Wlk. 786, is A. pnnctojimbriata Pack. 

Under Acidalia insnlaria Gn. i, 469, may be placed the fol- 
lowing: A. invan'afa Wlk. 1596, A. asthcnaria Wlk. 737, ./. 
ioiparata Wlk. 1598, and A. persimilata Grt. 

Acidalia impauperala Wlk. 721 and A. dcftxaria Wlk. 796, 
are A. frigidaria Moesch. These and A. consecutaria YVlk. sup. 
1623, with A. sobria Wlk. sup. 1624 arc, I think, forms of in- 
ductata Gn. i, 494. 

Lozogramma subaquaria Wlk. 1660, is L. defluaria \\ T lk. 984. 



72 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

Addalia similaria Wlk. 1592, of the D' Urban collection is, 
on the authority of Mr. Moffat, probably A. quadrilineata Pack. 
The type specimen is in poor condition, and is in the collection 
of the entomological society of Ontario. 

Addalia anticaria Wlk. 1593, of the same collection, and on 
the same authority, is probably the same as A. subalbaria Pack. 

I also have received from Mr. Moffat a sketch of Boarmia 
divisariaWlk. 489, of the D' Urban collection, and it is the same 
as B. crepuscularia var. abraxaria Wlk. 403. The name could 
not at any rate hold, as Walker had described B. divisaria pre- 
viously, page 366, from Port Natal, Africa. 

Of the other Boarmiae of the D' Urban collection only two re- 
main undetermined from the types, and the types are lost. Mr. 
Moffat writes me that in the drawer of the collection containing 
the Walker types of Boarmia is a paper, written probably by 
Mr. Reed, who was curator at the time of Mr. Grote's examina- 
tion, as follows: " Grote says Boarmia divisaria is a good spe- 
cies; all the others, six in number, are synonyms." We have 
thus Mr. Grote's decision that none of the other species were 
valid. The two not determined are B. convergaria and B. eject- 
aria. B. convergaria may be B. larvaria Gn. and B. ejectaria 
may be B. humaria Gn. though only the wildest guess can be 
made from Walker's descriptions. 

Ephyra ignotaria Wlk. 1576, and E. triseriata are synonyms 
of E. myrtaria Gn. i, 408. 

Addalia rufilineata Wlk. 783, is A. timandrata Wlk. 724. 

Addalia myrmidonata Gn. i, 487, is Eois minuiularia Hulst, 
and Craspedia lautaria Hbn. 

An insect from Key West, sent me by Prof. Riley, is Addalia 
umbilicata Gn. i, 504, with A. indoctaria Wlk. as a synonym. 

Addalia restrictata Wlk. 722, A. mensurata Wlk. sup. 1621, 
and A. continuaria Wlk. sup. 1622, are the same as A. ennu- 
deata Gn. i, 505. They are none the form ordinarily known as 
A. enmideata, but the light colored insect without blackish spots 
and markings. The blackish insect Guenee figured as a variety 
of ennucleata, which I do not think it is. A. reconditaria Wlk., 
which I was not able to find in the Museum, is probably it, and 
it is probable that Eulepidotis alabastaria Hbn. may be the same 
thing. I see after my return that Mr. Grote has determined . /. 
reconditaria as A. ennucleata from the type which he saw. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 73 

From Key West I have specimens sent from Prof. Riley which 
may be Acidalia nataria Wlk. sup. 1625; and also from southern 
Florida other specimens which are probably Acidalia subquadrata 
Gn. i, 459. 

Acidalia ossularia Hbn. has the following as synonyms: A. 
temnaria Gn. i, 476, A. sublataria Gn. i, 474, A. magniferaria 
Wlk. 784, A. flavillifera Wlk. sup. 1624, and A. repletaria Wlk. 
sup. 1624. I fancy A. violacearia Wlk. may be the same insect. 

Acidalia tacturata^J\\i. 721 is the same as A. eburneata Gn. i, 

474- 

Almodes rivularia Grt. is the same as A. terraria Gn. i, 380. 

In " Novitates Zoologicse," vol. i, p. 376, Mr. Warren gives a 
list of five other synonyms. 

Conchy/is cretiferana Wlk., said by Prof. Fernald to be a 
Geometer, is not a Geometer, but a Deltoid. The type has only 
the front wings left, and these are very much faded. It appears 
rx> be one of our common species. 

Acidalia tremularia Wlk. 1614, is a A. pannaria Gn. i, 470. 

Acidalia quadrannulata Wlk. 1595, is Ephyra pendulinaria 
Gn. i, 414. 

Macaria impropriata Wlk. 888, is a synonym of Paraphia 
subatomaria Haw. as are also Macaria fidoniaria Wtk. sup. 1654, 
M. exsuperata Wlk. 1655, Paraphia mammuraria Gn. i, 273, P. 
deplanaria Gn. i, 272, and P. nubecularia Gn. i, 272. 

Ennomos httaria Wlk. sup. 1552, is E. magnaria Gn. i, 174. 

Metanippe furcifascia Wlk. 1294, is a synonym of Cidaria 
hastata, var. gothicata Gn., as is also hecate Butler from Japan. 
It is the form with unicolorous black hind wings. 

(To be continued.) 
o 

HIGH MOUNTAIN MOTHS. 

By DAVID BRUCE, Brockport, N. Y. 

I had stayed at a ranch in Park County, Colorado, for a few 
days every time I visited the State. The house was pleasantly 
situated on the south side of a long picturesque canon, which 
ended at about 13,000 feet elevation in a broad gulch, over- 
looked by some of the highest peaks of the front range. 
The dwelling itself was exactly 10,000 feet above sea-level; the 
sloping hill sides were well covered with pines, poplars, willows 



74 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

and various shrubs. Several rapid creeks, fed by the melting 
snows, tossed and tumbled noisily over their rocky beds, their 
banks being bright with wild flowers and grasses; occasionally 
the canon would expand into wide boggy meadows (called 
" Broads," by the ranchmen, as the contracted spaces, hardly 
wide enough for a wagon-road, were also locally termed " Nar- 
rows"); a few hundred head of cattle roamed around, but were 
not in sufficient numbers to destroy the herbage, as is too often 
the case in the western mountains. Butterflies were abundant 
everywhere, and whether I rambled lower down the valley or 
climbed above timber to die higher levels I seldom returned 
without being well pleased with my captures, if the weather was 
fine, as the mornings always were; a few day-flying moths would 
occasionally present themselves Platarctia hyperborea one clay 
clumsily tumbled round a low willow close to the house and was 
quickly transferred to my cyanide bottle, a few examples of 
Arctia cervinata Strecker and Antarctia brucei Hy. Edw. occurred 
among the rocks; in the open spaces in the forests a small He- 
maris was not uncommon at the blue flowers of Mertensia, on 
which plant the gray larvae of Gnophesla vermiculata was feeding, 
Nemeophila plantaginis and Alypia lorquinii were frequent, the 
latter to be always found where Epilobium grew. In August the 
larvae were very abundant on this plant ; very rarely, indeed, 
Lepisesia flavofasciata was seen at blossom of Ribcs; this larvae 
I also found in July on Epilobium. Above timber, at the very 
edge of the melting snow-banks, the flowers were alive with four 
or five species of Plusia and a few Oncocnemis and Melicleptrias, 
the last apparently sleeping in the blossoms by night, as I fre- 
quently found them in a half torpid state in the early mornings 
inside the petals. On the mountain sides and highest peaks a 
few species of Anarta and Agrotiphila were lively in the sunshine, 
and occasionally a Geometrid would start from the rocks or be 
dislodged from the bushes, but as a rule the Heterocera were 
sparingly represented, not more than two or three dozen species 
being found in three Summers. I tried sugaring without the 
slightest success. On two or three occasions I saw a moth buz- 
zing round the lamps in the house, but it was always subgoUiica 
or auxiliaris. As the motto and practice of every person at the 
ranch was " early to bed and early to rise," and I was generally 
well tired out when I got home, and after supper I had my cap- 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 75 

tures and correspondence to attend to, I tumbled into bed nightly 
quite satisfied that I had thoroughly ransacked and exhausted the 
lepidopterological store of the vicinity. 

An accident, however, opened my eyes, and I came to a quite 
different conclusion. One fine day at the end of July I met with 
a serious mishap that kept me indoors for two weeks with a 
couple of fractured ribs and sundry painful cuts and bruises. 
For the first three days the pain entirely kept me from thinking 
about insects; but I noticed a few moths at my bed-room window 
attracted by the lamplight. When I was able to move about, my 
kind landlord furnished me with a couple of large lamps, one of 
which I set at the window and fixed the other on a box at the 
open front door, I sitting on a chair just inside the house with 
net, bottle and box in readiness. As soon as it was dusk, Mames- 
tra olivacea and several other small species new to me, came in 
plenty; as it grew darker larger species came. At last, with a 
bump against the lamp, Agrotis ingeniculata introduced itself to 
science for the first time. This large and handsome species was 
quite common for a few nights. I give below a list of my cap- 
tures in ten nights. I always quit at eleven o'clock, as by that 
time at this high elevation the air began to get very cold and 
sometimes quite frosty. Those marked with an asterisk were 
common. I give the Bombycids and Noctuidae only. 

Lithosia bicolor Arsilonche albovenosa 

cephalica* .^fcrolonchc spinea 

Eitprepia caja var. utahcnsis Acronycta three sp. (undetermined) 

Arctia parthenice Rhynchagrotis rufipectus 
Parorgyia leucophea* ran'ata* 

Ichthyura bifiria Pachnobia littoralis V; 

Centra albicoma Agrotis ypsiloir 

var. cineroides* ingeniculataP 

Gluphisia sp. ?"" Peridrotna sancia* 

Datana perspicna Xnctna baja* 
Ualisdota macula fa Itaruspica* 

Ot'ifcmaxia sa/icis* haviln- 

Heterocampa grisea Iiihrica/is* 

Tolypc rclleda Chorizagrotis an. ri liar is 
Gastropaclia wild< '/' ag rrslis 

ffypopta hcnrii i Feltia subgollih a :; 
Hcpialus McGlashani 
Panthea gigantca 
Raphiafrater var. coloradense* 



7 6 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



[March, 



Porosagrotis satiens 

rileyana* 
orthogonia* 
dceda/iis'"' 
Carneades r ecu I a* 

quadridentata* 
oblong astigma* 
riding siana* 
flavidens* 
JJavicollis 1 -'- 
brocket 
velleripcnnis 
gagates 
messoria* 
brumeigera 
in ii >ii s* 
basiflava* 
tessellata* 
albipcnnis 
obeliscoides 

Mamestra junciuiaciila 1 -' 
crotchii* 
liquid a 
rosea 
invalida 
trifolii* 
cristifera 
noverca 
olivacea* 



fuscolutea* 

Scotogramma iiicoiiciiuia 
Ulolonche fasciata 

orbiculata 

Xylophasia suffusca 
niorna 
alticola 
lignicolor 
semiliinata* 
Iladena lencoscelis 
fractilinea 
Hillia senescens 
algens 

Pseudanarta flavidens* 
Perigea albolabes* 
Homohadena 
Oncocnemis davi 



Diyobota stigmata 
Hydrcecia juvenilis 

cataphracta 
serrata 

Leucania bicolorata* 
pal/ens 
patricia 
p/i ragmatidicola 



Ufais plica fits 
Caradrina miranda* 
Amphipyra glabclla 
Orthodes cynica* 
Himella contrahens* 
Ttzniocampa tri fascia 

carminata 
Pyrrliia umbra 
Orthosia enroa* 

helva 

Scoliopteryx libatrix 
Litholomia nap(ca 
Xyliua georgii 

carbonaria* 
Xylomiges dolosa 

pcrlubens* 
Calocampa In ncci 
Cleophana antipoda 
Ingnra declinata 
Deva purpurigera 
PJusia ceroides 

putnami 

biloba 

brassiccea* 

angulidens 

epigoea 

snowi 
Caloplusia hochenworthi 

dcvergens 

Stibadiiim spiiiiiosnin* 
r/a^iomiiii ic/is e.vpa/lidus 
Schinia a/bifascia 
Acontia angustipennis* 
candefacta* 

aprica 
elegantula 

Homoptera sp. ? 
linbolina ininia 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 77 

ABERRATION, VARIETY, RACE and FORM. 

By Dr. RODRIGUES OTTOLENGUI. 

(Continued from page 38, vol. vi, ENT. NEWS.) 

Prof. Grote writes: "Variation in color or marking when oc- 
curring among typical examples is variety, and varieties should 
receive a Latin name. For example, Agrotis wilsonii occurs in 
a typical olive-gray variety, and in a red variety (specialty) . It 
does not matter that intermediary examples exist. The terms 
must be employed to designate properly the variety. It is the 
property of varieties that they intergrade, of species that they 
do not pass into one another." 

Mr. Dyar says: " The variety may intergrade with the normal 
form, or it may not. In the latter case it is either an aberration, 
dimorphic form, or local race. * * * I would always name a 
dimorphic form or a local race." (I would interrupt myself here 
to query, under which of these heads Mr. Dyar places the occa- 
sional yellow form of Arctia virgo, to which he recently gave 
the name ) 

He continues: " The practice of naming intergrading varieties 
can so easily be carried to an extreme that I do not like to advise 
it." 

Mr. Neumoegen quotes from Neumoegen and Dyar's Revision 
of the Bombyces, and recognizes local races, " whether connected 
by intergrading in the intermediate territory or not." 

Let us consider the meaning of intergrading. 

I believe that all of us accept the theory of evolution. Then 
let us imagine as a starting point a " fixed form" as representing 
a species. It is hardly conceivable that even in the earliest stages 
Nature ever fashioned two individuals in an identical mould. 
Even the slightest diversity would have produced what I shall 
call Individuality. In time these " individualities" would neces- 
sarily grow more marked and definite, and the breeding of the 
more similar individuals with each other, would in time evolve 
from a fixed form, a variable one. This variableness in like man- 
ner would increase in the course of years, until at last the species 
would be represented by individuals of quite diversified appear- 
ance, instead of as originally by creatures superficially similar. 
When the species was fixed it would be easy to choose one or 
more specimens to serve as a type. But when the variable pe- 



78 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

riod had arrived, only a long series of specimens could be truly 
typical of the species. The next step in this evolution would be 
the arrival of a form which began to occur in relatively large 
numbers, and when the time arrived when this new form was 
represented in reasonable proportion, to the greater number of 
individuals which still resembled the original type, we would have 
what I would consider a good variety. This variety would be 
connected with the ground type by intergrades, but the differ- 
ence between it and the intergrading forms would be, that it would 
be more constant than any other selected individual, and reason- 
ably constant as compared with the original type. Evolution 
might go further, or it might not. If it went on we would get 
other varieties, with intergrading forms between each. The spe- 
cies would be represented, let us say, by a ground form, the type, 
and suppose we stop at three varieties with intergrades between. 
Normally, the varieties would be more fixed and more numerous 
as they more closely resembled the type. But any variety would 
be less rare than the intergrades. On the other hand if evolution 
stopped with one variety, the next step would be the gradual 
disappearance of the intergrading forms, which of course would 
also occur in time regardless of the number of varieties thrown 
off. The first individual appearance of one of these extreme 
forms being at the moment the most distant from the type, but 
the forerunner of others similar to it, and thus the precursor of 
a variety, is what I understand by Aberration. 

With this idea of the meaning of intergrades we find that 
Intergrades are of three classes. 

First, the fixed species has become variable, and all the indi- 
viduals differ essentially from all others. Possibly there may be 
a rare and extreme form, the "aberration." 

Second, there may exist one or more distinct forms called va- 
rieties, with intergrading forms between the varieties, and be- 
tween the type and the variety most similar to it. But given a 
thousand insects it should be possible to separate the varieties 
into groups; when it would be seen that in a given lot, under a 
given name, the individuals would resemble one another as much 
as the typical specimens would in similar numbers. The inter- 
grades, however, would not do this. 

Third, there may exist one or more varieties, each as fixed as 
the type, but with no intergrades, except where the varieties may 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 79 

be considered as intergrades between the type and the variety 
which is farthest removed from the type. 

Now, to continue this story of evolution, the time may arrive 
when the variety begins to breed true to itself. It increases in 
numbers to such an extent that the individuals mate amone 

o 

themselves, and in time produce others of their kind. It is pos- 
sible that this occurs gradationally. At first the offspring of the 
variety would throw back to the type in the majority of cases, 
but by continued selection of mates of their own kind the variety 
would increase in numbers until at last it produced only of its 
own kind. This brings us a new race, and is commonly sup- 
posed to inhabit a locality different from the home of the type. 
That there should be intergrades in intermediate territory is but 
an argument in favor of the theory of evolution; for environment 
must play as great a part in the departure from the original type, 
as does the accentuation of individuality. 

But it has been truly said that species breed true to themselves 
and varieties do not. Then why is this a local race, and not a 
new species, for we allow of course that Nature by evolution is 
aiming at new species? 

The local race is distinguishable from a new species only by 
breeding. The imago being the perfect insect, evolutionary 
changes show there first, and by breeding true in a local race, 
we mean merely the reproduction of similar images, the eggs 
and larvae would remain typical. When the eggs arid larvae also 
were different a new species would have been evolved. My idea 
of classification then would be thus : 

Species. Individuals markedly similar, though great variable- 
ness might exist. Breeding true in all periods of transformation. 

Race. Local variety, markedly different from the specific 
type, breeding true in the imaginal period. 

Variety. A departure from type of species, occurring in suffi- 
cient numbers to indicate a permanency of the form; not breed- 
ing true. Intergrades may or may not exist. When they do, 
the evolution of the variety is not yet complete. Their absence 
marks the permanency of the varietal form, and the disappear- 
ance of the connecting link'. 

Aberration is the extremes! departure from specific type, with 
or without intergrades, or with or without intermediate varieties. 
In the first instance it announces a new variety, and in the second 
that the evolution of varieties is not yet complete. 



8o ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

Form is a word which might be made to apply to such occa- 
sional, but constant departures from type as are well recognized 
under the terms dimorphic or seasonal forms, and sexual forms. 

A monstrosity is not to be confounded with an aberration. 
The aberration is a normal creature, while the monstrosity is ab- 
normal in some structural feature. It may be in the form of the 
body, in a commingling of sexual appearances (without neces- 
sarily being hermaphroditic), or any alteration which would pro- 
duce a symmetry. I have seen two monstrosities worthy of 
mention. One a male, Papilio turnus, with one primary marked 
like (rlaucus. Another was a Cecropia, on the primaries of which 
was a departure from symmetrical marking, the two, however, 
being unlike. 

Hermaphrodites and hybrids need no description beyond 
mention. 

On the question of the propriety of giving names I would ad- 
vocate the naming of all well-defined species, varieties, races and 
perhaps aberrations and forms. 

o 

THOMAS SAY. III. 

By Prof. F. M. WEBSTER, Wooster, Ohio. 

In the Winter of 1825-26 there descended the Ohio River from 
Pittsburg a craft somewhat resembling a western flat boat. The 
passengers on this primitive vessel were, many of them, noted 
in the scientific and literary world, among them being Thomas 
Say, who, with Messrs. Owen, Maclure and others, were making 
their way to the new home of the recently organized confrater- 
nity. This craft landed its passengers at Mt. Vernon, Ind., from 
whence they were conveyed overland to their destination. From 
that day to the present the cargo of that primitive craft has been 
known as "the Boat Load of Knowledge," and one of the per- 
sons composing it, Mr. Victor C. Duclos, is still living in New 
Harmony. A year or more later Say was married to Miss Lucy 
May Sistare, an accomplished and talented young lady, sister 
of Mrs. Frances Ball, wife of the well-known jeweler. Dr. Ed- 
ward Murphy, now living in New Harmony, and an annual at- 
tendant at meetings of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, was a guest at the wedding of Mr. and Mrs. 
Say. The subject of this sketch is described as being fully six 



H 
I 
m 

I 
O 

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CO 

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1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 8l 

feet in height, slender, with a slight lisp to his articulation, which 
gave to his naturally gentle voice a musical softness. 

Whether the newly-wedded pair at once took up their abode in 
the house shown in the February number of the NEWS, or in the 
one illustrated in the present number, I am unable to learn. As 
it was in the last-mentioned that Say's death took place, it seems 
quite probable that the other was their first home, and that he 
afterwards moved into the one here represented. The present 
illustration shows the house as it appeared in the Winter of 1888- 
89. A portion of the original structure was burned in 1843, and 
afterwards rebuilt somewhat differently in point of architecture 
from the original, but the lower portion fronting the street to the 
left, as in the engraving, long used as kitchen, dining-room, etc , 
is as originally built by George Rapp soon after the Rappite 
community was established in 1815, and afterwards occupied by 
Thomas Say. With the purchase of the lands and buildings of 
this community by Robert Owen, in 1824, it passed into the 
hands of Messrs. Owen and Maclure, and seems to have been 
transferred to Mr. and Mrs. Say, probably by either Alexander 
or William Maclure, and later sold by the Says to David Dale 
Owen. So, we only know that for a time at least it was owned 
by Say, that it was within its walls that he breathed his last, and 
that his ashes peacefully rest in a tomb located within the grounds 
to the rear of the house here shown. 

Besides his connection with the Philadelphia Academy of 
Natural Sciences, he was a foreign member of both the Linnean 
and Zoological Societies of London. He was also a member of 
the Masonic Fraternity. 

After the death of her husband, Mrs. Say remained for several 
years in New Harmony, but later moved to New York, and made 
her home with her sister. A few years before her death, which 
occurred several years ago, and at the age of eighty-three, she 
wrote an excellent letter to a friend in New Harmony. 

(To be continued.) 



CAPT. BEECHEY. tells us he saw many asses, heavily laden with Locusts 
for food, driven into the town of Mesurata, in Tripoli. " Exped. to 
Africa" p. 107. 



82 [March, 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADVANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

gg^ All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., MARCH, 1895. 



PHOTOGRAPHS. 

SEVERAL times we have made appeals for photographs for the albums 
of the American Entomological Society, and are pleased to say that many 
of our entomological friends kindly responded. Some of our subscribers 
were under the impression that we only wished those of people who have 
done much entomological work, either as collectors or writers, but such 
is not the case, as we would like a photo, of every one interested in en- 
tomology. These pictures are of great interest, especially those collected 
early in the history of the society. Some day some one may wish to pub- 
lish a history of entomology in the United States, or a series of biograph- 
ical sketches of entomologists, and such a collection of photos would be 
indispensible. There is also an inevitable law of Nature that all must 
obey, and we all know that it is very gratifying to be able to look on the 
facial lineaments of those friends and correspondents, perhaps never seen, 
but to whom we have become attached by a community of interests. 



Publication Committee of the American Entomological Society 
have now in press a complete Supplement to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera 
of America north of Mexico, published in 1885, including all addition?, 
corrections, etc., since that date; this will take the place of the first and 
second supplements published in 1887 and 1889 respectively, both of 
which are now out of print, and at the same time be complete to the end 
of 1894. Those desiring copies should apply to the Treasurer. The price 
will be 50 cents per copy. See advertisement on third page of cover. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 83 

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B. SMITH, Sc. D., New Brunswick, N. J. 

The Chinch-Bug. Bulletin No. 55, from the office of the State Ento- 
mologist of Illinois, Prof. S. A. Forbes, is an interesting little pamphlet. 
It contains a very brief record of the chinch-bug invasion of 1894, the 
prospects for 1895, a brief statement concerning contagious disease and 
other experiments, and a series of recommendations for 1895. There 
are only seven pages of print, but they contain a great deal of history and 
suggestive information. "The history of chinch-bug injury in Illinois is 
substantially that of a succession of waves of increase which rise to a 
highest point and then suddenly fall away to insignificance, the rise of 
the wave usually occupying from three to five years or more, and its re- 
cession requiring only one or two." Prof. Forbes thinks it probable that 
the culminating point of such a wave has been reached and would feel no 
surprise if the season of 1895 witnessed its recession. As an important 
factor in causing the decrease of the insects he recognizes the "white 
muscardine" disease, due to Sporatrichum globuliferum, but he is not 
enthusiastic as to the possibility of controlling chinch-bug injury by the 
artificial propagation of the disease. Among a series of conclusions the 
following are especially interesting: 

" i. The white muscardine will not spread among vigorous chinch-bugs 
in the field in very dry weather to an extent to give this disease any prac- 
tical value as a means of promptly arresting chinch-bug injury under such 
conditions. It may be added that chinch-bugs are usually vigorous in 
dry weather. 

"9. The resistant power of healthy chinch-bugs exposed to infection 
is well shown by the fact that thousands of bugs, young and old, have 
commonly lived for many days, and even for several weeks, moulting, 
maturing, copulating and laying their eggs, when shut up in infection 
boxes which had been heavily stocked with fungus spores from dead in- 
sects and had been made in every way as favorable as possible to the 
development of the disease. The percentage of those that would suc- 
cumb from day to day was often ridiculously small. 

" From all our experimental work thus far completed, I draw the gen- 
eral conclusion that infection with the fungus of the white muscardine of 
the chinch-bug is an uncertain measure, largely dependent for its practical 
value upon conditions beyond the influence of the experimenter, and 
whose occurrence or prevalence it is impossible for him to foresee. It 
appears, on the other hand, to be so powerful an agency for the destruc- 
tion of chinch-bugs en masse when the weather favors its development 
and spread, and can be made by proper organization so inexpensive to 
the individual and to the State, that it is well worthy of the most thor- 
oughgoing scientific study and practical field experimentation." 



84 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

This expresses the opinion of the conservative students and those who 
have most carefully studied the nature of fungus diseases in insects, ani- 
mals or plants. The diseases may be fatally effective under certain cir- 
cumstances but we cannot produce the circumstances to order, and 
while we are waiting for the necessary meteorological conditions the 
chinch-bugs may destroy the crop. It is well to have the disease in hand, 
ready for use in favorable seasons, but we must also be prepared with 
other means as effective alternatives, some of which Prof. Forbes points 
out. It is a fact, of course, that some insect diseases seem to be to a large 
extent independent of heat or cold, wet or dry, and seem to be able to 
spread rapidly in all weathers. Of this type is the disease which attacks 
the larva of the clover-leaf beetle Phytonomns punctatns. I have 
watched it for five years in succession, and each year, no matter what the 
character of the season, the fungus has attacked the half grown larvte 
and has swept them away just when they threatened injury to the crop. 
The factors that facilitate the remarkable spread of this disease are not 
yet well understood ; but they are evidently quite different from those 
controlling the " white muscardine" of the chinch-bug. 

" Cabbage Root Maggot, Etc. On this subject Mr. M. V. Slingerland gives 
us, in Bulletin 78, of the Cornell Experiment Station, nearly one hundred 
pages of information. While the cabbage maggots are more especially 
treated, there are incidental notes on other species and much information 
is contained on the subject of maggots in general. The Bulletin is really 
an exhaustive treatise which can only be commended, and the subject of 
remedies is very fully treated. Practically, the recommendations narrow 
down to tarred paper cards, put on when the plants are set out to prevent 
oviposition on the surface at the base of the stem, and to the use of bi- 
sulphide of carbon to destroy the insects when they have attacked the 
plants. For the application of the bisulphide an injector is described 
which seems practical. I have elsewhere expressed the conviction that 
bisulphide of carbon would come into much more general use when its 
range was fully understood, and when its cost was reduced to a point 
justifying its use in the field. The question of cost has been recently 
made satisfactory, and now it is in order to ascertain what can be done 
with the material. Mr. Slingerland has proved its usefulness in one 
direction; my experiments tend to show that it may be used against plant- 
lice in the field, under certain circumstances; in the green-house its use- 
fulness can scarcely be over-estimated, while in forcing beds, which can 
be covered, it may be used as against all, except scale insects. Its use in 
destroying insects infesting stored grain and seeds is well established. 

Oviposition in Cicada hieroglyphica Say. During the latter part of June, 
1894, a small party of entomologists spent three or four days collecting at 
Anglesea, N. J., where many rarities have been found in times past, and 
more yet remain to be found in times to come. Among the party were 
Dr. Skinner and Mr. Hoyer, who were greatly exercised over a more or 
less persistent "singing," which they claimed must be due to a Cicada. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 85 

They finally resolved to run down these "singing machines" as they were 
christened, and by care and patience located them on some old and bat- 
tered cedar trees, capturing several males of Cicada hieroglyphica Say. 
Later in the day the axe and chisel were brought into use on these same 
trees, and a number of coleopterous larva; and pupa were secured, the 
trunks presenting a badly wrecked appearance when they were finally 
abandoned. Next morning I heard a specimen of the Cicada " singing," 
and by careful moving located him. But not him alone; his mate was 
close by on the bare trunk, busily engaged in ovipositing. I watched the 
specimen for some "ime and made sure of what she was doing before 
capturing her. In the character of the egg punctures there was nothing 
distinctive, but the selection of the raw surface of the wood where we 
had been chopping was interesting. The trunk was dead and was soft 
rotting, and into this soft wood the eggs were laid. 

The Codling Moth." Insect Life," vol. vii, No. 3, p. 248, contains an in- 
stalment of proof, by Mr. Marlatt, that the Codling Moth is double- 
brooded in many places. This is in response to my suggestion that per- 
haps it had been too generally assumed that there were two broods, and 
that we might find the second brood exceptional in some localities. Mr. 
Marlatt is undoubtedly correct in all his observations, and we may assume 
two broods as the rule throughout the central and southern United States, 
and even in southern New Jersey, but where the insect becomes single 
brooded is yet a question. My own observations were positive, and are 
not doubted by Mr. Marlatt, but it does seem as if New Brunswick was 
very abnormally situated and not favorably for the development of insect 
life. Incidentally, it may be said that it is a miserably poor collecting 
region for most orders of insects. 



A New Chilean Vine-destroying Insect. About the year 1880 my atten- 
tion was called to a small vineyard at Quillota half destroyed by some 
unknown disease. On examining the roots of some of the dead and 
dying vines I found a curious gall-like body on all of them. These galls 
or cysts, were sub-spherical in shape, the shell was rough, of stout tex- 
ture, reddish brown in color, from 5 to 7 millimetres in diameter and full 
of a liquid of a creamy color and consistency, with a very peculiar and 
abominable odor. An examination of this fluid under the microscope 
showed corpuscles floating in it, also what I took to be rudiments of 
tracheae. One of the best microscopists that I ever met, my friend Dr. 
Bruner, also studied these bodies very attentively, but failed to arrive at 
any definite conclusion. I fancied we were examining the larva of an 
insect in the act of changing into the pupa state, yet the change was so 
complete that no rudiment of any organ could be found, except the sup- 
posed tracheae. Various remedies were tried on the vineyard, but in 
vain, and the vines were uprooted and replaced by lucerne (Mcdica^o 
sativa}. I paid no more attention to the matter for some years, but in 
Nos, some one hundred miles to the south of Quillota, serious damage 



86 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

was reported as being done in vineyards by the same insect. In 1884 an 
article appeared on the subject, written by Mr. F. Philippi, who stated 
that the cysts were produced by mematod worms, and he then described 
the species as Heterodera vitis, giving a drawing of a European species 
of worm. It would appear that Mr. Philippi does not need to see a spe- 
cies in order to describe it, as he had only the galls or cysts, to build upon, 
the worms were evolved from his inner consciousness. 

About November, 1893, my sons were collecting insects near the Can- 
queues Baths, and, to my surprise, brought me a lot of the cysts, though 
there is no vineyard for many miles. I then determined to investigate 
the matter seriously, and found that some fossorial wasps, of the genera 
Trachypiis and Sphex, were carrying the cysts to their nests. I next got 
my boys to find out where the wasps got them from, and so found large 
numbers in a dry, sandy spot, destitute of vegetation. These were care- 
fully kept in the hopes of breeding the perfect form, but I got no results. 

In October and November, 1894, I again collected a lot of cysts, and 
kept on getting them at intervals of a few days. 

Early in December two females emerged, and I got several more where 
I found the cysts, but as yet I know nothing of the male. The galls or 
cysts, live on a great variety of Chilean plants, especially on annuals, 
which explains their presence in places where, during the Summer drought 
vegetation disappears. 

The insect bred from the cysts appears to belong to the genus Marga- 
rodes Gurlding, allied to Porphyrophora Brandt, and as Philippi described 
a worm that never existed I see no reason why we should apply his spe- 
cific name to an insect whose existence he never suspected: 

Margarodes trilobitum spec. nov. $ Body elliptic, of a dull whitish 
yellow color, thinly covered with soft hairs, most abundant on the dorsal 
region. On the underside there are short, stiff hairs, that assist in loco- 
motion. There is no distinct head, but at the anterior extremity of the 
body, beneath, are antennae, seemingly S-jointed; the basal joint, how- 
ever, is pale, soft, and appears to represent the antenniferous tubercle; 
the other seven joints are of a clear brown color, with verticillate hairs, 
moniliform and tapering from base to apex. No eyes or ocelli are visible, 
even under the microscope with an inch lens, nor can any trophi be seen, 
though there is a depression, near and behind the anterior legs, that 
probably represents the mouth cavity. The anterior legs are well de- 
veloped, though small, and armed with strong fossorial cla\vs, probably 
of use to the insect in escaping from the pupal cyst, and in locomotion, 
as anchors. The posterior pairs of legs are slender and short, almost 
rudimental; the tarsi are 3 -jointed, the two basal joints anchylosed, the 
apical freely articulated; each tarsus has one claw, very large relatively 
to the size of the leg. EDWYN C. REED. 



ISQ5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 87 

Notes and. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 

OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in each case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put "copy 1 ' into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five "extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



Ix an English paper, the Observer, of July 25, 1813, there is an account 
of a " swarm of Bees resting themselves on the inside of a lady's parasol." 
They were hived without any serious injury to the lady. 

ON the cover cf ENT. NEWS for January, 1895, I notice the figure of a 
moth named Composia olympia. Would it not be better to give the spe- 
cies its older name, C. fideUissima H. S. ? I have already called Mr. 
Butler's attention to the fact that he had redescribed Herrich-Schaffer's 
species, and the types of C. olympia are now placed in the British Mu- 
seum collection as C. fideUissima H.-S. W. SCHAUS. 

THE FIRST NUMBER of the new volume (xxii) of the "Transactions" 
of the American Entomological Society, now in press, will contain the 
following papers: On the Oribatoidea of the United States, by Nathan 
Banks; A Monograph of the tribe Bassini, by G. C. Davis; Descriptions 
of a few new Pimplinae, by G. C. Davis; Contributions to the Dipter- 
ology of North America, by C. H. Tyler Townsend. 

THE wild Locusts upon which St. John fed have given rise to great 
discussion some authors asserting them to be the fruit of the carob tree, 
while others maintain they were the true Locusts, and refer to the prac- 
tice of the Arabs in Syria at the present day. "They who deny insects 
t<> have been the food of this holy man," says Hasselquist, "urge that 
this insect is an unaccustomary and unnatural food; but they would sot in 
be convinced of the contrary, if they would travel hitherto Egypt, Arahia, 
or Syria, and take a meal with the Arabs. Roasted Locusts are at this 
time eaten by the Arabs, at the proper season, when they can procure 
them; so that in all probability this dish has been used in the time of 
St. John. Ancient customs are not here subject to many changes, and 
the victuals of St. John are not believed unnatural here; and I was as- 
sured by a judicious Greek priest that their church had never taken the 
word in any other sense, and he even laughed at the idea cf its being a 
bird or a plant." Cowan s Curious Facts. 



.88 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

THE entire library of Mr. C. H. T. Townsend, was destroyed by fire in 
Las Cruces, New Mex., while he was East in January. He will be grateful 
to correspondents and others who will send him sets of their papers to 
enable him to replace those destroyed. He has removed to Brownsville, 
Texas, as Temporary Field Agent of the Division of Entomology U. S. 
Department of Agriculture. 

IN iSn, at Smyrna, at right angles to a flight of Locusts, a man rode 
forty miles before he got rid of the moving column. This immense flight 
continued for three days and nights, apparently without intermission. It 
was computed that the lowest number of Locusts in this swarm must have 
exceeded 168,608,563,000,000 ! Captain Beaufort determined that the 
Locusts of this flight, which he himself saw, if framed into a heap, would 
have exceeded in magnitude more than a thousand and thirty times the 
largest pyramid of Egypt; or, if put on the ground close together, in a 
band of a mile and an eighth in width, would have encircled the globe ! 
This immense swarm caused such a famine in the district of Marwar, 
that the natives flecUftft subsistence in a living torrent into Guzerat and 
Bombay; and out of every hundred of these Marwarees, Captain Carnac 
estimates, ninety-nine died that year ! Near the town of Baroda, these 
poor people perished at the rate of five hundred a day; and at Ahme- 
dabad, a large city of 200,000 inhabitants, 100,000 died from this awful 
visitation ! "'Penny Magazine" 1843, p. 231. 

THE Arabs believe the Locusts have a government among themselves 
similar to that of the bees and ants; and when " Sultan Jeraad," king of 
the Locusts, rises, the whole mass follow him, and not a solitary straggler 
is left behind to witness the devastation. Mr. Jackson, himself, evidently 
believed this from the manner he has narrated it (Morocco, p. 103). An 
Arab once asserted to this gentleman that he himself had seen the great 
"Sultan Jeraad," and described his lordship as being larger and more 
beautifully colored than the ordinary Locust (ibid. p. 106). Capt. Riley 
also mentions that each flight of Locusts is said to have a king which 
directs its movements with great regularity (Narrative, p. 235). The 
Chinese believe the same, and affirm that this leader is the largest indi- 
vidual of the whole swarm. Benjamin Bullifant, in his observations on 
the Natural History of New England, says: "The Locusts have a kind 
of regimental discipline, and, as it were, commanders, which show greater 
and more splendid wings than the common ones, and arise first when 
pursued by fowls, or the feet of a traveler, as I have often seriously re- 
marked." The truth, however, is found in the Bible: They have no 
king (Prov. xxx, 27). Cowan 's Curious Facts. 



Identification of Insects (Imagos) for Subscribers. 

Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. Ill, 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 89 

Entomological Literature. 



1. THE AMERICAN NATURALIST. Philadelphia, January, 1895. The 
use of parasitic and predaceous insects, C. M. Weed. 

2. NATURE. London, Jan. 10, 1895. The bird-winged buttL-rllus of 
the East, W. F. Kirby, figs. 

3. THE ANNALS AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY. London, 
January, 1895. Descriptions of some new species of Heterocera from 
the Eastern Islands and Tropical America, H. Druce. February, 1895. 
On the luminosity of midges (Chironomidae), P. Schmidt (transl. from 
Zool. Jahrb.). On some insects collected in the State of Chihuahua, 
Mexico, T. D. A. Cockerell. 

4. COMPTE RENDU. L'ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES. Paris, Dec. 31, 1894. 
On the nests of Vespa crabro L. order of appearance of the first al- 
veoli, C. Janet. 

5. PROCEEDINGS OF THE U. S. NATIONAL MUSEUM, xviii, No. 1041. 
Washington, Jan. 16, 1895. Two new species of beetles of the Tene- 
brionid genus Ec/iocents, F. H. Chittenden. 

6. ENTOMOLOGISK TIDSKRIFT, xv, 1-4. Stockholm, 1894. On the 
structure and habits of Heiniinci its talpoides Walk., Dr. H. J. Hansen, 2 
pis. Lipuridse from Florida, H. Schott. Contribution to the knowledge 
of the Aradidae, E. Bergroth. Revision of the genus Corisa Latr. with 
respect to the Scandinavian species, H. D. J. Wallengren. Variability 
of Argynnis aphirape Hiibn. var. ossianns Herbst, J. Meves, figs. [Eco- 
nomic entomology], S. L'ampa, i pi., figs. Practical entomology in Ryss- 
land, C. Grill. Isaria densa (Link.) Fries, parasitic on Melolontha vnl- 
garis'L.., id. Parasiticida, S. Lampa. Revision of the Pseudonetiroptera 
of Scandinavia, H. D. J. Wallengren. 

7. BULLETIN FROM THE LABORATORIES OF NATURAL HISTORY OF THE 
STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA iv, i. Supplement to the " List of the Co- 
leoptera of Iowa City and vicinity," H. F. Wickham. 

8. ENTOMOLOGISCHE NACHRICHTEN, xx, 24. Berlin, December, 1894. 
Karl Lindeman's " Ueber den Bau des Skelettes der Coleopteren; iiber 

den Bau des Thorax derselben," a forgotten work, C. Verhoeff. 

9. MlTTHEILUNGEN DER SCHWEIZERISCHEN ENTOMOLOGISCHEN GE- 

SELLSCHAFT, ix, 4. Schaff hausen, October, 1894. On the classification 
of the Cetonidac, Dr. G. Schoch. Coleoptera Helvetica (cont), Dr. G. 
Stierlin. 

10. THE ZOOLOGICAL RECORD, Volume the Thirtieth. P.eing records 
of zoological literature relating chiefly to the year 1893. Edited by D. 
Sharp, M. A., etc. London: Gurney & Jackson, 1894. Arachnida, 33 
pp. Myriopoda and Prototracheata, 11 pp. by R. I. Pocock. Insecta, 
371 pp. by D. Sharp. 



go ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

11. ARCHIV FUR NATURGESCHICHTE, Ix, I, 2. Berlin, July, 1894. 
Comparative morphology of the abdomen of the male and female Lam- 
pyridae, Cantharidae and Malachidae, Dr. C. Verhoeff, 4 pis. Ix, II, 2. 
November, 1894. Summary of the scientific results in the domain of 
Entomology during the year 1893, Dr. P. Bertkau, 276 pp. 

12. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEiGER. Leipsic, Jan. 14, 1895. On ampulla- 
like blood-circulatory organs in the head of different Orthoptera, M. 
Pawlowa. January 21. Contributions to classification and development 
of fresh water mites, R. Piersig. 

13. SCIENCE. New York, Jan. 25, 1895. On certain habits and in- 
stincts of social insects, M. Hartog. 

14. LA FAUNE DBS CADAVRES. Application de 1'Entomologie a la 
Medecine Legale par P. Megnin. Paris, G. Masson, Gauthier-Yillars et 
fils. Not dated. Received Jan. 29, 1895. Forming a volume of the En- 
cyclope'die scientifiique des Aide-Memoire; 214 pp., figs. 

15. BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA. Pt. cxix. London, November, 
1894. Arachnida Araneidea: pi. xvi, O. P. Cambridge. Coleoptera: vol. 
ii, pt. i, pp. 465-488, D. Sharp [Colydiidse]; vol. iii, pt. i, pp. 265-296, G. 
C. Champion [Serricornia]. Hymenoptera: vol. ii, pp. 313-328, P. Cam- 
eron [Mutillidae]. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera: vol. ii, pp. 377-384, pi. 
Ixxxiii, F. D. Godman & O. Salvin [Hesperidae]. Rhynchota Homop- 
tera: vol. ii, pi. iii, VV. W. Fowler [Membracidae]. 

16. THE NATURALISTS' JOURNAL. London, December, 1894. Pupa 
hunting (cont.), H. G. Knaggs. February, 1895. Pupa hunting (cont.), 
H. G. Knaggs. Abraxas grossulariata and its varieties, S. L. Mosley, 

6 ere 
fe*- 5 ' 

17. SPECIES DES HVMENOPTERES D'EUROPE ET D'ALGERIE. Fonde 

par Edmond Andre" et continue' sous la direction scientifique de Ernest 
Andre; 496 fasc. Paris, M. Dubosclard, Jan. i, 1895. Contains pp. 401- 
480, pis. xii-xiv, of vol. v, Braconidae. 

18. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD. London, Jan. 15, 1895. About 
larvae, G. M. A. Hewett. The life-history of a lepidopterous insect chap, 
iii. Parthenogenesis or Agamogenesis (cont.), J. \V. Tutt. Feb. i, 1895. 
Generic names in the Noctuidae, A. R. Grote. Discussion on the nature 
of certain colors, W. S. Riding, R. Freer, J. W. Tutt. 

19. JOURNAL OF THE NEW YORK ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, ii, 4, De- 
cember, 1894. Notes on Phalangidaa, N. Banks. Note on the develop- 
ment of Deltocephahis ininiicus Say, F. M. Webster. Preliminary re- 
vision of the Bombyces of America north of Mexico, B. Neumoegen and 
H. G. Dyar. Preliminary hand-book of the Coleoptera of northeastern 
America, C. W. Leng and W. Beutenmiiller, i pi. On the use of bisul- 
phide, A. P. Morse. An exodus of water beetles, W. T. Davis. Note 
on Xiphidiiim neinoralc, VV. Beutenmiiller. 



IS95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. ' 9! 

20. KNOWLEDGE. London, Feb. i, 1895. The Hessian fly, E. A. 
Butler, figs. 

21. BULLETIN 78. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Entom. Div. The cabbage-root maggot, with notes on the onion maggot 
and allied insects, M. V. Slingerland, pp. 481-577, 18 figs. 

22. INSEKTEN-BORSE. Leipsic, Nov. 15, 1894. On the bases of varia- 
tion and aberration of the imago among Lepidoptera (cont.), Dr. M. 
Standfuss. 

23. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, February, 1895. Dr. F. B. White 
(with portrait). The sense organs of insects: a speculation, J. Watson. 
Jumping beans and jumping eggs, C. C. Hopley. The cold Autumn of 
1894, and its effects on certain species of the genus Vanessa, }. Arkle. 
Wood naphtha as a relaxing medium, R. South. 

24. ANNUAL REPORT OF i HE NEW MEXICO COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 
AND MECHANIC ARTS, 1894. Las Cruces, N. M. Entomology, T. D. A. 
Cockerell. Bulletin No. 15, January, 1895. Entomological observations 
in 1894, Life zones in New Mexico, Entomological diary at Santa Fe. T. 
D. A. Cockerell. 

25. PSYCHE. Cambridge, Mass., February, 1895. Rehabilitation of 
Podisma Latreille, S. H. Scudder. Two new species of Entotnobrya, F. 
L. Harvey, figs. The Tipulid genera Bittacomorpha and Pedicia, J. M. 
Aldrich, fig. Gall of Eurytonia sp. on the cat's-clawthorn, C. H. Tyler 
Townsend. 

26. ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIOUE, xxxviii, 
13. Brussels, 1894, Retiring President's address the Ichneumonidae, 
M. Tosquinet. xxxix, r, Jan. 31, 1895. New ants from various localities, 
especially from Australia, A. Forel. 

27. TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETV, xxi, 
3. Philadelphia, June-September, 1894. New species of Noctuidas from 
tropical America, W. Schaus. A catalogue of :he described Jassoidea 
of North America, E. P. Van Duzee. Descriptions of new parasitic Hy- 
menoptera, W. H. Ashmead. 

28. THE CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST. London, Ont., February, 1895. 
-The Coleoptera of Canada vii. The Cucujidic of Ontario and Quebec, 

H. F. Wickham, figs. Summary of the U. S. Phasmidae, S. H. Scudder. 
Alypia inariposa larva, H. G. Dyar. Actias lima, H. H. Lyman. Cana- 
dian Coccidffi, T. 1). A. Cockerell. Protective mimicry in spiders, F. M. 
Webster. J^reptos, Tainp/iai/a and slrotros- -a review, H.G. Dyar. On 
the Coleoptera of New Mexico and Arizona, including biologic and ether 
notes, C. H. T. Townsend. Acritiintn a4>ierii\i>ini, J. A. Moffat. 

29. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S MONTHLY MAGA/INE. London, February, 
!S95- Pre-occupied names and genera in the micro-lepidoptera, Rt. Hon. 
Lord Walsingham. Relaxing and setting insects, W. Farren. 



92 * ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

30. INSECT LIFE, vii, 3. Washington.. Issued December, 1894. Re- 
ceived Feb. n, 1895. Damage by the American locust, L. O. Howard, 
figs. Chinch-bug observations in Iowa in 1894, H. Osborn. The hiber- 
nation of the chinch-bug, C. L. Marlatt. The maple Pseudococcus (P. 
aceris Geoff.), L. O. Howard, figs. Notes on cotton insects found in 
Mississippi (cont.), W. H. Ashmead. The codling moth double-brooded, 
C. L. Marlatt. A new saw-fly which is injurious to hollyhocks, T. D. A. 
Cockerell. Note on Hylesinus sericeus, E. A. Schwarz, fig. A new 
parasite of Mytilaspis pouiorum, L. O. Howard. The patent on the hy- 
drocyanic acid gas process declared invalid, D. W. Coquillett. A new 
pear insect, fig. Scorpions, centipedes and tarantulas. General notes. 

31. CONTRIBUTIONS TO SCIENCE by Charles J. Maynard, vol. ii, i. 
Newtonville, Mass., July, 1893. Notes on a singular specimen of the 
Polyphemus moth, Attacus polyphemus, pp. 36-38, figs. No. 4, Decem- 
ber, 1894. Defensive glands in a Bahama species of Phasma (pp. 191-193). 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper was published; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 

Weed i, Lampa 6 (two), Grill 6 (two), Sharp 10. Bertkau 11, Hartog 
13, Megnin 14, Morse 19, Watson 23, South 23, Cockerell 24, 3, Farren 29, 
Coquillett 30. 

MYRIAPODA. 
Pocock 10. 

ARACHNIDA. 

Pocock 10, Cambridge 15, Banks 19*, Piersig 12, Webster 28, Anon. 30. 

THYSANURA. 
Schott 6, Harvey 25*. 

ORTHOPTERA. 

Hansen 6, Pawlowa 12, Beutenmiiller 19, Scudder 25, 28*, Moffat 2.S, 
Howard 30, Maynard 31. 

NEUROPTERA. 
Wallengren 6. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Bergroth 6*, Wallengren 6, Fowler 15, Van Duzee 27, Cockerell 28, 
Osborn 30, Marlatt 30, Howard 30. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 93 

COLEOPTERA. 

Chittenden 5*, Wickham 7, 28, Yerhoeff 8, n, Schoch 9, Stierlin 9, 
Sharp 15*, Champion 15*, Leng and Beutenmiiller 19, Davis 19, Hopley 
23, Townsend 28, Ashmead 30, Schwarz 30, Anon. 30. 

DIPTERA. 

Schmidt 3, Butler 20, Slingerland 21, Aldnch 25*. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Kirby 2, Druce 3*, Meves 6, Godman & Salvin 15*, Knaggs 16, Mosley 
16, Hewett 18, Tutt 18, Neumoegen and Dyar 19*, Standfuss 22, Arkle 
23, Schaus 27* Uyar 28 (two), Lyman 28, Walsingham 29, Grote 18, Riding 
1 8, Freer 18, Marlatt 30, Maynard 31. 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Janet 4, Cameron 15*, Andre" 17, Townsend 25, Tosquinet 26, Ashmead 
27*, 30*, Cock-erell 30*, Howard 30*, Forel 26*. 



Doings of Societies. 

PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 12, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Dr. Henry Skinner, 716 N. Twentieth Street. Members 
present : Messrs. Bland, Fox, Johnson, Dr. Griffith, Hoyer, Boerner, 
Trescher, E. Wenzel, Dr. Castle, Haimbach, Seeber, H. W. Wenzel, 
Laurent and Schmitz. Honorary members: Drs. Geo. H. Horn, John 
B. Smith and Henry Skinner. Meeting called to order at 8.30 P.M., Presi- 
dent Bland presiding. Dr. Horn mentioned that the cocoons exhibited 
at the last meeting by Mr. Seeber as being found in palm wood are prob- 
ably formed by a species of Sphenophorus, as some of the species are 
known to transform in such places and make cocoons as described. He 
then exhibited a fine and complete series of Pleocoma and Plusiotis, giv- 
ing the life-history of Pleocoma, stating that nearly all the species came 
from California, south of San Francisco. Plusiotis woodii, of which he 
exhibited a fine pair, were captured along the Rio Grande, Texas, by Dr. 
Wood, of the University of Pennsylvania. 

Prof. Smith stated that he had discovered an entirely new sexual char- 
acter in a species of Noctuidae, Remigia latipes, which consisted of a 
tuft of hair, resembling a brush, situated on the prothorax, which does 
not exist in any of the other species; he further stated that there would 
never be a true classification of Lepidoptera until a collection large enough 
should be formed, from which specimens could be taken and denuded 
of their scales to allow of a thorough examination, instead of depending 
entirely on their superficial characters, as is mostly the case at present. 



94 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

Mr. Bland gave an interesting and graphic account of a trip he had made 
during last July along the banks of the Poho Poko Creek, which empties 
into the Lehigh River at Parry ville, Pa., finding a few specimens of Ca- 
rabidae, several of Berosus, Dineutes, Haliplus, Dryops and a number of 
El mis. 

Mr. Fox exhibited a bee, Eulema diinidiafa, which he had recently 
received from Mexico, calling attention to the remarkable development 
of its tongue, which equaled the length of the body; he also exhibited a 
drawing of the tongue, showing the peculiar brush-like tip, which is 
present in the typical bees. 

Mr. Johnson exhibited specimens of Diptera and Hymenoptera, calling 
attention to the mimicry of these species; this brought forth a general 
discussion on the powers of mimicry in the insect world; various cases 
being cited where it had been observed. Dr. Horn, however, questioned 
the correctness of the use of the term, stating that in his opinion it was 
nothing more than a resemblance, which is very likely the true definition, 
as it seems very improbable that any insect is itself responsible for the 
imitative qualities it may possess, as it is no doubt simply thus endowed 
by nature for its self-protection, in the absence of the sense of reasoning. 

There being no further business the meeting adjourned to partake of an 
excellent banquet provided by Dr. Skinner. 

This meeting will no doubt prove a memorable one to its members, 
notably every member being present, and the spirit of the meeting being 
of a characteristically scientific nature, the discussions continuing even 
after the members had done ample justice to the viands set before them. 
Dr. Horn occupied the chair of honor, Dr. Skinner acting as toast-master 
and calling on Drs. Horn and Smith, and Messrs. Bland and H. W. 
Wenzel; the responses bringing forth many interesting historical facts 
pertaining to entomology probably never recorded. 

THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 



Ttie EDrLtornological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 



JANUARY 24, 1895. 

A regular stated meeting of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences was held in the Hall, S. W. cor. Nineteenth and Race 
Streets, this evening, Dr. Geo. H. Horn, director, presiding. Members 
present: Horn, E. T. Cresson, Skinner, Welles, Seiss, Calvert, Laurent, 
Johnson, Fox, Ridings. Associates: Dr. Castle and Mr. Reinick. Mr. 
Fox exhibited specimens of Elis tricincta and Pompilus juxta, taken at 
Lake Worth, Florida, by Mrs. A. T. Slosson. These have not been found 
in the United States prior to this time, being West Indian species. Mr. 



1 895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 95 

Johnson spoke of his studies of some Diptera as follows: The results of 
my recent study of the genus Stratiomyia may be summarized as follows: 
the number of species in Osten Sacken's catalogue recorded north of 
Mexico is twenty-nine; to this number Bigot has since added six, a total 
of thirty-five. Of these fourteen have been reduced to synonymy, six- 
remain unidentified, one has been referred to a new genus, and two new 
species have been described. This leaves for our consideration sixteen 
species; these are divided into three groups, the first Stratiomyia, s. str., 
contains five species; the second, Thereodonta, two; and the third, Nor- 
mula, nine. The color pattern is still largely used in distinguishing spe- 
cies, but in almost every case the male and female have both been studied. 
Dr. Horn stated that his paper on Scyinnus was nearly completed, and 
that he hoped to present it at the next meeting. Mr. Calvert quoted from 
Dr. Riley's presidential address to the Ent. Society of Washington of 
February, 1894, that no species of Odonata habitually hibernated, and 
stated that Sympycna fusca has been found to regularly pass the Winter 
in the imago state, in numbers, in France. 

Dr. HENRY SKINNER, Recorder. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



Preparatory stages of Phlegethontius cingulata. 

By HARRISON G. DVAR. 

I find that the life-history of this Sphinx has not been written. 
The larvae occurred commonly on morning-glory vines near 
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 

Egg. Elliptical, nearly spherical, not flattened ; smooth, shining, 
nearly colorless and translucent, with a greenish tinge; size 1.3 x i.i x i.i 
mm. Under a half inch objective the surface is smooth, shining, covered 
with circular shallow pits of varying size and irregularly distributed. 
Found on a leaf of Ipomcea tuberculata Roem. and Sch. 

First stage. On hatching, entirely white, with a black horn. Head 
rounded, not shining, pale greenish yellow, mouth a little darker, ocelli 
brown; width .55 mm. Body cylindrical, smooth, shining, distinctly an- 
nulated, uniform whitish, the food giving a dark green shade by trans- 
parency. A faint, narrow, white subdorsal line ending at the horn. Horn 
straight, thick, blunt at the end, black and minutely setose, its length 
1.5 mm. 

Second stage. Head rounded, pale green, with many white setiferous 
granulations; ocelli black; width i mm. Body granular, the granules 
setiferous, white; color pale green; caudal horn black spinose, tapering, 
2.5 mm. long. 



g6 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

Third stage (dimorphic). Head rounded, green, with conical white 
granulations; a faint yellowish line runs up before the ocelli, in the brown 
form followed by a black shade posteriorly; width 1.8 mm. Body cylin- 
drical, annulated, covered with white granulations; a very faint subdorsal 
line and indications of the seven oblique lateral lines, in the brown form 
preceded by black shades; spiracles surrounded by black and similarly 
colored marks on all the feet; spiracles ocherous. 

Fourth stage. Head uniform light green, thickly covered with small, 
round, white tubercles; a vertical whitish line before the black ocelli, 
width 3.2 mm. Body roughened with many white granulations like those 
on the head, more elongated on the caudal horn and bearing there minute 
seta2; color green, with a whitish shading and seven oblique lateral lines 
on joints 5-11, the last produced over joint 12 to the base of the horn, 
the others reaching from before the spiracle to subdorsal region, but con- 
tinued back on the succeeding segment by a faint white shade. Lines 
pale yellow, preceded by a bright green shade and marked centrally by a 
small dash of light purple. Horn green, yellow at tip; thoracic feet red- 
brown; spiracles rusty brown, bordered narrowly with ocher. 

Fifth stage (green form). Head higher than wide, rounded, flat in 
front, smooth, shagreened; leaf green, with a broad, black, vertical band 
on each side covering the ocelli, whrch it just encloses by its well-defined 
anterior border; before it the ground color assumes a yellowish tint and 
preceding this yellowish shade is a faint, blackish clouded band; width 
6 mm. Body plump and robust, the segments annulated; head slightly 
retracted below joint 2, and joint 2 below joint 3; but body elsewhere of 
uniform size. Horn large, tapering, curved backward, covered with short 
tubercles which bear very minute setae. Body smooth, colored leaf green, 
a little mottled with whitish, with the following purplish brown mottled 
marks: a patch covering the thoracic feet and their bases; an oblique, 
subventral patch on joint 6 analogous to the marks covering the abdomi- 
nal feet, each of which extends upward and forward obliquely in a broad 
band, ending at the anterior border of the segment; the one covering the 
anal foot extends along subventrally to the anterior edge of joint n; sub- 
anal plate green, contrasting with the nearly black bases of the feet, bor- 
dered above by a faint brown subdorsal shade; a broad, subdorsal band, 
enlarged centrally on each segment, begins behind the cervical shield, 
widens and sends out an arm obliquely forward and downward on joints 
5-11, each of which ends at the anterior edge ot the segment before the 
spiracle. The band narrows on joint u posteriori}' and ends at the horn, 
which is colored blackish brown with small greenish tip. The lateral 
branches of the subdorsal band are edged posteriorly with white, repre- 
senting the usual oblique stripes; spiracles black, with a linear ocherous 
border and central dividing line, those on joints 5-12 surrounded by a 
circular black patch, contiguous (except on joint 12) to the oblique lateral 
lines. Length about 115 mm.; of horn 7 mm. 

(Brown form) Head flesh-brown; a vertical black stripe over ocelli and 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 97 

another near clypeus; sutures and jaws black. Body flesh-brown, densely 
covered with small, rounded, purplish black, confluent spots', almost cov- 
ering the surface. Feet, cervical shield and venter entirely purplish black; 
on joints 3 and 4 a broad dorsal and narrow subdorsal bright brown band. 
Lateral oblique lines indicated by heavier mottlings above and predomi- 
nence of the ground color below; spiracles black, with orange-red and 
central line, surrounded by black. 

Pupa. Tongue case large, distant from the body, extending to near 
the middle of the cases then recurved along the body to near its origin, 
rounded and a little enlarged at the end; cremaster broad, flat, narrowing 
laterally and ending in four short spines ; color bright mahogany-red, 
darker on tongue case, cremaster nearly black. Length 64 mm.; width 
of thorax 15 mm.; length of tongue case about 47 mm.; distance from 
origin to joint of recurvature 21 mm.; diameter of tongue case 2.5 mm. 



-o- 



THE COMPOUND EYE. 

By E. BRENDEL. 

The anatomical and physiological comparison of the organ of vision is 
certainly a most difficult undertaking. Though the study of the eye of 
the vertebrate animals has progressed during the last century in an ad- 
mirable way, notwithstanding there are left many obscure points which 
will perhaps never be elucidated. We do not know anything concerning 
the reversion of the image, nor the physiology of the cones, or bacillse. 
The art of photography has helped us considerably in proving the law of 
vision. The momentary retension of an image by the exposure to the 
eye of a living vertebrate animal for the reception of the projection of an 
object on the retina has been proved in a chemical way by developing 
and fixing the image on the retina, demonstrating a physiological analogy 
of the photographic camera and the eye. 

The image in the camera appears to us not convex, but as a geometrical 
projection, if the object is in all its parts equally illuminated, that is, shade- 
less. The presence of light and shade with its delicate gradation alone 
produce the imagination of rotundity in a rather defective way. 

In the human eye the image is also plain when we use only one eye, 
but there are other additional factors than the shades of the object pro- 
ducing the perception of rotundity. There is our experience by touch 
assisting our eye then the very defect of our vision, seeing sharply only 
such parts of the object which lie nearest to the optical axis is partly cor- 
rected by the combined use of our two eyes as each one receives an image 
from a different standpoint. The axes of vision of our eyes are conver- 
gent and adjustable. One eye sees parts of the object which the other 
cannot see; but the congruity of the images makes us in reality see more 
than the geometrical projection of the object on the single retina and cor- 
rects the flatness of the image. The photographer imitates nature by 

3** 



98 -ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

combining two such images into one, the stereoscopic pictures which 
bring out the convexity of object provided we use each eye for the pictures 
on its own side only. 

The mobility of the eyeball and the changes of the form of the lens 
by the ciliary muscles are other factors assisting the perception of rotundity. 

Now, in the eyes of the insects all these accommodations to vision are 
wanting. The eyes are immobile, either single isolated eyelets (ocelli) or 
arranged in semi-globular clusters (compound eyes). The axes of vision 
of the eyelets in one cluster are divergent, nearing parallelism only with 
its next neighbor eyelet. The form of the eyelet is not a globe, but a 
cylindrical cone, or, a better idea would be furnished by expunging from 
the globular eye a conical piece of the diameter of the cornea through 
the centre to the retina. The sensitive retinal portion is for that reason 
not so extensive as the corneal portion. The length of the cone is re- 
versely proportional to the convexity of the cornea; the more convex the 
cornea the shorter the focus, "the shorter the cone, the more divergent the 
axes of vision of two neighbor-eyelets, the more convex the cluster of 
th t eyelet and the smaller the number of eyelets in one cluster- The re- 
verse holds good in the same manner; the less convex the cornea the 
more numerous the eyelets and the less divergent are the axes of vision. 

The isolated ocelli seem to be more resembling the form of the verte- 
brate eye. In the spiders they are arranged by fours in two transverse 
curves on the front and on the vertex of the head, which is much more 
movable than in the hexapodal insects and the visual axes by twos are 
supposed to be almost parallel, consequently have a greater range of 
vision. 

As we do not know the physiological action of the parts of the retina 
in our own eye, much less we should speculate on the anatomy of the 
insect eye. We do not know even the situation of the sensitive parts, 
but we certainly know that the vision is very good, and the optical law 
are as applicant as with our own eye, and that the sensitive part must be 
situated at the end of. the transparent part. 

The brainal mass is transverse, connecting the ocelli and eye-clusters. 
One may suspect that there is a compensation of at least two neighboring- 
ocelli for the formation of a perspective connected image of an object. 

The spherical arrangement of the eyelets of a cluster as they are rep- 
resented by the eyes of hexapod orders of insects, and in the fossil trilo- 
bites necessitate the more conical form of the single eyelet with a very 
limited range of vision and a divergence of the optical axes. If there is 
no compensation of neighboring eyelets, or of eyelets of the two clusters 
with parallel or convergent axes of vision as they really exist in large, 
prominent clusters, or where the cluster occupy almost the whole head 
the single eyelet would see only a small part of the object, and the several 
partial images could not form a truly connected image of the whole object. 

The idea of unconnected vision was held by Johannes Miiller, and is 
known as the theory of the mosaic vision, which is, I think, generally re- 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 99 

jected. The clusters of each side is connected by a rather massive trans- 
verse cylinder of nerve- or brain-matter, an apparently unnecessary ar- 
rangement if the cluster or some of their respective eyelet would not 
co-operate. Such a co-operation would certainly only exist between eye- 
lets with parallel or convergent axes of vision and the clusters would be 
very large and prominent, exhibiting parallel or convergent eyelets all 
along the circumference of both the clusters. This is the condition of the 
eyes in all fast moving insects as in Cicindela, Cistela, dipterous, neurop- 
terous and lepidopterous insects in their imago state, and these insects 
avoid collisions by deviating in a distance of several meters, while others, 
as some Tenebrionidse and all those living in dark places or moving slowly 
possess flat lateral clusters, often situated on the inferior surface of the 
head. 

Probably the peripheral eyelets of the large clusters, of fast moving 
insects would be useful for perceiving distant objects and the eyelets 
nearer the centre of the cluster, single or combined with its neighbor- 
eyelet, but unable to receive the same rays as the opposite cluster for 
near lateral objects only. 

The movements of the Cicindela indicate the use of the peripheral 
eyelets for a clearer perception of objects. When approached sideways 
they do not move as quickly away, but turn their front or back towards 
the approaching object evidently for a clearer inspection. But there is 
another habit to be considered: one can observe the Cicindela for quite 
a length of time without alarming the insect, but as soon as you move its 
motions signalize that you are seen. When they are in motion, or the 
object is in motion, they evidently see quicker. When we look at the 
sun or other brightly illuminated object and turn our eyes toward a dark 
surface or close our eyes, we see a number of those bright objects which 
appear even after we annihilate the images by opening our eyes and 
closing them again; or, in other words, the retina retains for a certain 
time the images received. If we admit the existence of the law of the 
retinal retention of images in the arthropod as well as in the vertebrate 
eye, the photographer may demonstrate the production of a continued 
image in the eye clusters by the successive momentary exposure of a fast 
moving animal to the photographic plates and the effect of the moving 
series of pictures on our eyes when viewed through a small hole in a piece 
of pasteboard. We see then only one image of the animal in lively 
motion. When the image of a moving object falls successively on the 
retinula of a row of eyelets, or when the insect is in motion exposing the 
retina of a row of eyelets to the image of an object at rest the eflect must 
be the same. 

These are certainly all merely presumptions based on the physiological 
actions of the vertebrate eye. but I do not see any reason to doubt that 
the laws and facts of vision in thfe insect eye be based on different princi- 
ples. The structure of the compound eye is so different, that one might 
doubt whether insects see at all or see multiple images or only small parts 



100 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

of an object, but by applying the retinal compensation and the retention 
of images a great many otherwise incomprehensible points may become 
reasonably clear, notwithstanding that we do not know for certain the 
locality of the projected image as we do on the retina of the vertebrate 
eye. We surely must be convinced by even the most superficial obser- 
vation that insects see, and see very sharply. It may be even pardonable 
to presume that insects are not color blind, and that not merely shades 
direct their motions. 

Accessory assistance by touch or other senses, even mental co-opera- 
tion ought not, in my opinion, be excluded or flatly denied. Moreover, 
to call, as some pretentious pastors do, the non-meaning term "instinct" 
to the assistance of science, is simply covering ignorance and indolence, 
" denn wo Begriffe fehlen da stellt zur recten Zeit ein Wort sich ein." 
Goethe's Faust. 

Remark. Those who have had opportunity to observe blind cave in- 
sects and the effect of light on them could furnish valuable suggestions 
on that subject. 



-o- 



LARVA OF ORNEODES. 

By H. G. DYAR. 

I am able to add a reference to the Orneodidae to my article in 
the February number of the NEWS, pages 38-40. The larvae 
were received just too late to make the correction. 

From the larval characters, Orneodes hexadactyla belongs to 
the most typical section of the microlepidoptera. I have received 
also a number of larvae of Pterophoridae. Some of them possess 
the characters of the micros, so that my super-families Micro- 
lepidoptera and Anthrocerina are not sharply separated. This 
indicates that the Orneodidae and Pterophoridae are not so very 
distantly related. 

I have also before me the larva of Heterogynis paradoxa. As 
it is an exposed feeder, it has lost the circle of hooks on the pro- 
legs and possesses the structure of the " Macrolepidoptera." 
Nevertheless, the larval setae show it to belong to the micros, as 
do also the characters of venation. 



This number contains thirty-six pages. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for February, was mailed January 31, 1895. 




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ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 



AND 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION, 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 



VOL. vr. 



APRIL, 1895. 



No. 4. 



CONTENTS: 



Webster Thomas Say 101 

Hulst North American Geometrina in 

European collections 103 

Ottolengui Aberration, variety, race 

and form 107 

Fall Aphodius rugifrons 108 

Slingerland A curious hammock and 

its maker 109 

Skinner Notes on Rhopalocera, with 

descriptions of new species 112 



Horn Vesperoctenus flohri Bates 114 

Editorial 116 

Economic Entomology 118 

Notes and News 1 23 

Entomological Literature 125 

Doings of Societies 130 

Entomological Section 131 

Coquillett A new Volucella from Wash- 
ington 131 



THOMAS SAY.-IV. 

By Prof. F. M. WEBSTER, Ohio. 

The vault in which are deposited all that remains of the ' ' Father 
of American Entomology," with the monument erected to his 
memory by Alexander Maclure, brother of William Maclure, is 
located in the rear of the house in which Thomas Say breathed 
his last on Oct. 10, 1834, and which was shown in the illustration 
in the March number of the NEWS. The view of the vault and 
monument here presented is taken from Main Street and looking 
slightly south of west. The monument is of white marble, about 
six feet in height, the sculpture being sufficiently indicated by 
the engraving. It was erected in 1846, twelve years after the 
death of Say, by Alexander Maclure, at the request of his brother 
William, and bears the following inscriptions : 

EAST FACE. 

Thomas Say. The Naturalist. Born in Philadelphia, July 27, 1787. 
Died at New Harmony, October 10, 1834. 

SOUTH FACE. 

One of the founders of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 

January 25, 1812. 



102 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

WEST FACE. 

The friend and companion of William Maclure, whose surviving brother 
erected this monument. 1846 A.M. 

NORTH FACE. 

Votary of Nature even from a child, 

He sought her presence in the trackless wild ; 

To him the shell, the insect, and the flower 

Were bright and cherished emblems of her power. 

In her he saw a spirit all divine, 

And worshipped like a pilgrim at her shrine. 

The vault is of brick, arched, and entirely covered over with 
earth and grassy sward, its dimensions being about twelve by 
fourteen feet, the length extending from north to south, and the 
monument standing at the north end. The elevation of the 
mound is about three feet, while the excavation below ground is 
about six feet. Along the two sides and north end of this crypt, 
on the inside, there extend two platforms or terraces of solid 
brickwork, and on those on the east and west sides are deposited 
the remains of Alexander Maclure, Anna Maclure, and Margaret 
Maclure, brother arid sisters of William Maclure, while on one of 
those on the north end, and nearest to the monument, are slowly 
mouldering away the mortal remains of Thomas Say, they having 
been disinterred and brought from their original resting-place in 
the cemetery by Mr. Maclure, at present represented by the 
bones only, all else being in a state of complete decay. Until 
within a year the vault contained also the remains of Mr. David 
Dale Owen, but these have recently been removed and interred 
in a cemetery near New Harmony. Very few persons have ever 
had an opportunity of viewing the inside of this crypt, and for a 
description, as well as a number of other points of information in 
this series of sketches, I am indebted to my esteemed friend, Mr. 
John B. Elliott, of New Harmony. 

The writer will never forget a most impressive and beautiful 
view of the tomb and monument witnessed by him on a bright 
frosty morning in late November several years ago. As the 
guest of Colonel and Mrs Owen, he was assigned a room looking 
out upon the grounds included in the accompanying engraving. 
The night had been clear and frosty, the crystals forming thickly 
over every exposed object and increasing the dimensions of the 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



103 



slender twigs and kindered objects until they appeared several 
times magnified. On throwing back the shutters in the early 
morning the whole area the tomb and monument especially, as 
appeared to me, were shrouded in purest white, thickly bespan- 
gled over with the most brilliant jewels of silver and gold a 
fitting mantle, I thought, for the pure and unselfish man who slept 
90 calmly and peacefully beneath its folds. 

o 

NOTES ON TYPES OF NORTH AMERICAN GEOMETRINA 

IN EUROPEAN COLLECTIONS. V. 

By GEO. D. HULST. 

(Continued from page 73, vol. vi, ENT. NEWS) 

Patridava tensaria Wlk. 1689, is Tornos approximaria Pack, 
and is the same as Exelis pyrolaria Gn. i, 324. Tornos infuma- 
taria Grt. , the type in the Museum is the same species. 

Lepiodes scohpacinaria Gn. i, 360, is Tornos rubiginosus Morr. 

Scotosia inexplicata Wlk. 1722, is a Noctuid upon the author- 
ity of Mr. Hampson, and I agree with him. The type lacks one 
front wing, and is otherwise in poor condition. Mr. Butler writes 
me : ' ' I have placed it tentatively in the genus Anarta, which it 
much resembles in pattern." 

Apicia denticiilata Wlk. Sup. 1544, is also a Noctuid. "It is 
the rusty form of Pleonectyptera pyralis Hbn., previously de- 
scribed by Walker as irrecta, and by Grote as geometralis." 
Mr. Hampton called my attention to the species, and Dr. Butler 
independently wrote me concerning it, and gave the synonym 
which I quote. 

Cidaria rigidata Wlk. 1727, is a synonym of Antidea vasaliata 
Gn. ii, 407. 

Cidaria explagiata Wlk. 1728, Larentia ardica Zell., Geomeira 
albimacularia Frey, and Cidaria fulvida Butler are put by Mr. 
Warren as synonymous of Perizoma t&niata Steph. There is 
probably some mistake here. Walker, in his description, says 
his type is from Nova Scotia. If I am not mistaken in my notes, 
the Museum type is from St. Petersburgh, Russia. 

Drepanodes siculata Gn. i, 67, is the same as D. pcrizonala 
Hulst. 

Apicia junduraria Gn. i, 88, is Drepanodes effascinaria Hulst. 
Apicia incopularia Gn. i, 89, is the same species. 



104 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

Apicia spinitaria Gn. i, 85, is a South American insect, which 
I do not believe was ever taken in North America. It is, I think, 
an undoubted error in locality. 

Metrocampa prtegrandaria Gn. i, 128, is the same as M. per- 
lata Gn., and has priority on the page. 

EHopia placearia Gn. i, 132, is very near to Tetrads nielli tu- 
laria Hulst. The latter is at best a variety. 

Eurymene emargitaria Gn. i, 145, is the same as E. arrogaria 
Hulst, and is not E. fervidaria H.-Sch. 

The type of Metanema forficaria Gn. i, 112, is lost. I have 
little doubt it is the same as Tetrads cegrotata Gn. The type ot 
Timandra viridipcnnaria may also be lost. It ought, by color, 
to be easily identified, but I cannot locate it. It may possibly be 
Nemoria pistacearia Gn., or N. tepperaria Hulst. 

The type of Bronchelia dendraria Gn. is lost, but there is no 
doubt that it is a variety of B. hortaria. Tephrosia amplana 
Wlk. 405, is the same species, as is also Bronchelia disserptaria 
Wlk. 451. 

Tephrina muscariata Gn. ii, 98, is Semiothisa delectata Hulst. 

Selidosema fceminaria ii, 149, is not a synonym or variety of 
6*. juturnaria Gn. ii, 147, but a dark form of Tephrosia celalaria 
Hulst. 

Aspilates sigmaria Gn. ii, 184, and Ellopia aniusaria Wlk. 
1507, are the same as Eufitchia ribearia Fitch. 

Eupitheda subapicata Gn. ii, 331, is the same as E. ocddentalis 
Pack. 

Melanippe iduata Gn. ii, 403, is Rheumaptera fluctuata L. 

The type of Coremia convallaria Gn. ii, 410, is lost. It seems 
to me it must be Ochyria lignicolorata Pack, from the description. 
The existence of the three rows of black points seems conclusive. 

The type of Coremia plebeculata Gn. ii. 417, is lost. I feel 
certain, however, it is the same as Ochyria carneata Pack. 

Spargania magnoliata Gn. ii, 455, is one with Qlaucopteryx 
cumulatilis Grt. 

Cidaria mandpata Gn. ii, 468, is probably Petrophora leoninata 
Pack. The type is lost. 

The type of Eubolia custodiata Gn. ii, 491, is lost. 

The following species, accidently overlooked by me while at 
the Museum, were determined for me by Dr. Butler, and they 
have been given their places in the body of this article : 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 105 

Tephrina retectata Wlk. 959 = = Psamatodes eremiata Gn. Cid- 
aria albopimctata Morr. - - Caripeta divisata Wlk. I had already 
determined this from the description. Aspilates intermicata Wlk. 
1076= A. pervaria Pack. Ennomos concisaria Wlk. 1551 : 
Endropia serrata Dru. This also I had located from the de- 
scription. Camptogramma abruptata Wlk. - = Semiothisa gran- 
itafa Gn. 

Dr. Butler also informs me there may be types of the Canada 
species of the D' Urban collection in the Albert Memorial Museum 
at Exeter, where Mr. D' Urban was curator. 

The following species of Walker I was not able to find in the 
Museum, nor do their names appear in the very complete manu- 
script catalogue of the collection : 

Addalia arcticaria, 1594; A. suppressaria, 1594; A. indusaria, 
1596; A. albifera, List Sup., 1625; Aspilates abbreviata, List 
1673 ; A. donotaria, 1674 ; Stegania quadrinotata, 1759 ; Teph- 
rina pervelata , 1 7 60. 

The following species of Walker, described from D' Urban col- 
lection, are probably lost. They were given to the Entomo- 
logical Society of Ontario, and were in its possession in 1876. 
Somehow since, they have disappeared and are almost surely 
destroyed by Dermestes. These were described in the "Cana- 
dian Naturalist," vols. v and vi, and about the same time in the 
British Museum List. The references are to the list : 

Cleora tinctaria, 486 ; Boarmia convergaria, 488 ; B. ejectaria, 
489 ; Macaria spilosaria, 1641. 

As said above, B. convergaria and B. ejectaria were declared 
by Mr. Grote to be synonyms, though he did not state of what 
species. As he made reference in this remark to six species, 
Cleora tinctaria and M. spilosaria may have been included. 

Through an accidental overlooking of the types which may 
not exist, in the case of those of Guenee, I did not see the fol- 
lowing : 

Boarmia divinaria Gn. Phal. i, 245 ; Tephrina sabularia Gn. 
ii, 205 : Phibalapteryx Jioridaia Wlk. 1719; Pscudosiona taylorata 
Butler. 

The following were described from colored pictures of Abbott, 
and may yet be identified : 

Boarmia porcellaria Gn. Phal. i, 252 ; Ceratoyiyx satanaria Gn. 
i, 194- 



106 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

The following I have not been able to positively identify, and 
cannot locate the types, if indeed they exist : 

Phalcena bicolorata Fabr. Sup. 149-150 ; Oporabia punctipes 
Curtis, Appen. Ross' 2nd voy. p. 73 ; Phasiane cruciata Grt. 
Ann. Mag. N. H., 1883, p. 55 ; Hydriomena transversata Kelli- 
cott, Buff. Bull., vol. v, 45, 1886; Pryocycla johnsonaria Fitch, 
N. Y. Reports, xiii, 530. 

Of these O. punctipes is almost certainly Glaricopteryx polata ; 
of P. cruciata I have lately seen the type and is one with P. 
curvata Grt. H. transversata is probably H. truncata. The type 
is lost. P. johnsonaria is almost certainly Endropia bilinearia 
Pack, and antedates it. 

The following are shown in colored figures, but I feel uncer- 
tain about them : 

Phal&na virginiaria Cram., vol. iii, p. 275, f. G; Arrhoslia 
himenaria Hub. , Zutr. f. 757-758 ; Hypargytis pustularia Hub., 
f. 103-104; Dysstroma morpsata Hub., 879-880; Petrophora 
divisata Hiib. , Ex. Schm., Lep. v, Pet. B, Flavae a ; Eidepidotis 
alabastaria Hiib., f. 311-312 ; LarentiaprofugariaH.-Sch. Auseu. 
Schm., f. 410-411. 

P. virginiaria looks like Bronchelia hortaria ; A. himenaria 
is very probably Ephyra pendulinaria Gn. ; H. pustularia is 
likely Eumacaria brunneatia Pack. D. morosata may not be 
from the United States, as the locality is given as " Nord 
Amerika." E. aJabastaria may be Acidalia enucleata Guen. 

Mr. Warren has quite a number of new species from North 
America in the British Museum collection. They have type 
labels and manuscript names upon them, but have not yet been 
described. I have made no mention of them in these notes, as 
they have as yet no scientific standing. The most of them are 
synonyms of already described species, and with one or two 
exceptions none have, I think, anything more than varietal 
standing. 



THE youth of Germany, Jaeger says, are extremely fond of Field- 
crickets, so much so, that there is scarcely a boy to be seen who has not 
several small boxes made expressly for keeping these insects in. So 
much delighted are they, too, with their music, that they carry these 
boxes of crickets into their bed-rooms at night, and are soothed to sleep 
with their chirping lullaby. Life of Amer. Ins., p. 114. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 107 

ABERRATION, VARIETY, RACE and FORM. 

By Dr. RODRIGUES OTTOLENGUI. 

(Continued from page 80, vol. vi, ENT. NEWS.) 

Professor Packard argues against increasing the burden of 
nomenclature ; but there is good reason why names should be 
given, if they could only be attributed intelligently. Let us 
suppose that a man breeds an insect and produces from the larvae 
two distinct forms one typical and the other sufficiently numer- 
ous in proportion to the whole brood that it is assured to be a 
variety rather than an aberration. According to Prof. Smith 
and Dr. Skinner, it would be best not to name this new variety, 
because it is known positively, despite its extreme difference in 
appearance, to what species it belongs. He therefore merely 
reports his work without assigning a name. Fifty years after 
him a student discovers a form, new to him, and not in the col- 
lections of his acquaintances. He cannot be held responsible 
for not knowing what the first man wrote, for he might be unable 
to obtain the work in which the record was made. He would, 
therefore, be tempted to consider it a new species. If, however, 
the first man named his variety the name would always appear 
in our check lists, and the student would instantly know that his 
supposed new form might be but a variety, and with the name in 
the check list to suggest such a search he would look for the 
record and find it. I think that names should be given to all 
distinct and permanently occurring forms for this reason. In the 
matter of varieties, if there is only the typical and one extreme 
form, the latter being more abundant than any of the intergrades, 
then I would name the extremes, because they, the typical and 
the extreme, could always be dissociated from the intergrades, 
and thus represent something distinctive. Where there are 
several distinct forms, which can be dissociated from the inter- 
grades, then each distinct form should receive a varietal name 
regardless of the existence of intergrades. 

The local race should also receive a name, for it is very close 
to a new species in the order of evolution. 

Dimorphic and sexual forms should receive names to indicate 
to the student that they belong to a known species. 

Aberrations should rarely receive a name until found in suffi- 
cient numbers to indicate that the prophecy of a forthcoming 
variety might be fulfilled. I think examples of opposite sexes, 
though only one of each were found, would suffice for this. 



108 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

APHODIUS RUGIFRONS. 

By H. C. FALL. 

Among the species of Aphodius occurring in So. California, 
A. rugifrons is, in several respects, peculiar. Unlike every other 
species of the genus with which I am acquainted, the approach 
of Winter rather than of Spring is the signal for its appearance. 
Like Pleocoma, it should be sought immediately after the first 
considerable rainfall in November or December. 

For several years I have at this season taken examples of this 
species, but as it is called for by every eastern collector with 
whom I have exchanged, the supply has never equaled the 
demand. The past season I determined to make special effort 
to renew my stock, and began to look for it as early as the latter 
part of October. As I anticipated, however, not an individual 
appeared until the first rain of consequence, which occurred 
December 5-8. A search through the garden on the gth revealed 
dozens of specimens ; almost every small object lying on the 
surface sheltered one or more, while the numerous little openings 
in the damp soil showed the manner of their advent. In colora- 
tion the elytra are normally yellow with black markings, but 
about one example in ten is entirely piceous. The size also 
varies, unusually . 10 to . 15 inch, the smallest specimens being in 
this respect inferior to every other species in our fauna. 

In addition to the above it may be remarked that never in my 
experience have the beetles been seen on the wing, nor have they 
ever been found in situations usual to the species of the genus. 

The limited geographical range, time of appearance, small 
size, retiring habits and brief stay, are factors which have com- 
bined to make rugifrons up to this time a rarity in collections. 

Besides rugifrons, I have taken in So. California granarius, 
lividus, alfernatus, rubidiis, militarts, pardalis and luxatus. With 
the exception of granarius and mibidus, none are at all common, 
while lividus and pardalis, so far as I know, have not been re- 
corded from this section. 



A VERY pretty species of Cetoniidae, the Agestrata luconica, is of a fine 
brilliant metallic-green, and found in the Philippine Islands. These tht- 
ladies of Manilla keep as pets in small bamboo cages, and carry them 
wheresoever they may go. Baird's Cyclop. Nat. Set., London, 1858. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

A CURIOUS HAMMOCK AND ITS MAKER. 

Corisciiim cuculipennellum Hiibner. 
By M. V. SLINGERLAND, Ithaca, N. Y. 

In 1890 I noticed that several of the leaves on a young ash tree 
near my office window had been rolled into peculiar cones by 
some insect. The same year, while reading- that quaint and 
charming little volume on " Insect Transformations," written by 
Rennie three-score years before, I found, on page 324, an inter- 
esting account (from Bonnet) of this or a similar ingenious cone- 
maker. This account led me to study the insect more closely, 
with the results given below. 

I succeeded in rearing some of the adult insects in July, 1891. 
In the figure A is shown one of the grayish fuscous moths, 
about three times natural size ; the markings on the wings are of 
a dark-brown color. A specimen was sent to Dr. Fernald, who 
finally decided (in January, 1893) that it was a new species ; and 
he gave it the manuscript name of Coriscium slingerlandella. 
Anyone whose name has thus been applied to some insect can 
understand the peculiar interest with which I then looked upon 
the little creature. But Dr. Fernald had sent one of my moths 
to Lord Walsingham in February, 1892. Nearly a year later, 
and about a month after Dr. Fernald had named the moth, word 
came from Lord Walsingham that the insect was identical with 
one of Hiibner' s species, cuculipennellum. Dr. Fernald has 
called attention to the fact that the insect had never been ob- 
served in this country before ("Canadian Entomologist," xxv, 
196). It was with a slight twinge of regret that I relabeled my 
specimens with the equally long name, and proceeded to search 
the literature for some account of its habits which might sup- 
plement my observations. I found that Ragonot had given a 
detailed account of its life-history in 1873 (Bull, de Soc. Ent. de 
France, pp. 166-168). 

The following account of the life-history of this curious ham- 
mock-maker is drawn from my observations and from the accounts 
of Rennie and Ragonot : The pretty little moths emerge in the 
latter part of Summer or early Fall and doubtless hibernate. 
They come forth in the Spring and "deposit a single egg upon 
the upper surface of the leaf by the side of the mid-rib near the 
tip. A week or ten days later the larva leaves the egg and 



no 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



[April, 



introduces itself under the epidermis. Directing itself towards 
the petiole, it mines a long and straight gallery the length of the 

nerve. The cast skin which it de- 

i i 

taches is extremely fine, shining and 
silvery, resembling the trace ot a 
slug. The pale redish-brown ex- 
crement is scattered in the mine. 
Arriving at the petiole, the larva 
ascends near the edge and suddenly 
enlarges its mine in the form of a 
plate, and the edge of the leaf is curved up and rolled. Soon it 
is no longer contented with ruminating in the leaf, and attacks it 







FIG. A. 



directly, devouring 
tion of its habita 
the leaf. This 
comes too narrow 
upon another leaf.' ' 
it begins at the tip 
obliquely into a 
the whole leaf is 
in the figure C ; 
portion of it, as in 
served the mining 
but the curious 
ous objects among 








FIG. B. 



a considerable por- 
tion at the. edge of 
lodging soon be- 
for it, and it goes 
(Ragonot). Here 
and rolls the leaf 
cone. Sometimes 
involved, as shown 
but usually only a 
B. I have never ob- 
habits of the insect, 
cones are conspicu- 
the normal foliage 



in June (in August in France). The larva continues to feed upon 
the edges of the leaf that are rolled into the interior of its conical 
home. About June 15 the larva reaches ma- 
turity, and is then from 8-10 mm. long, and of 
a light yellowish flesh color, greenish dorsally, 
the head a little darker than the body, and the 
mouth-parts brownish. It has four pairs of 
pro-legs borne by the third, fourth, fifth and 
tenth abdominal segments. The segments are 
considerably wrinkled, and the whole body is 
sparsely clothed with quite long whitish hairs. 
In its preparation to transform one must ad- 
mire the larva's foresight and intelligence. It 
first eats almost through the leaf over a small round area, taking 
care to leave only the outer epidermis of the leaf, and thus forms 




FIG. C. 



1 8Q5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. Ill 

a little window, scarcely larger than a pin's head. This epidermal 
window-pane serves to keep out all foes, and, as we shall see 
later, facilitates the emergence of the moth. Within its capacious 
one-windowed chamber it now proceeds to build its hammock, 
within which it changes to a pupa. The walls of the cone- like 
home have been cut away in C to show this pupal hammock. 
No one has seen the larva swing this hammock. But it is proba- 
bly accomplished by first spinning a single-cable bridge of several 
silken threads from a point near the window to another point, 
sufficiently distant, on the opposite wall of the chamber. When 
satisfied that this silken cable is well anchored at each end, the 
larva doubtless stretches itself along the cable near the centre, 
with its head toward the window, and then proceeds to spin about 
itself a silken hammock its cocoon. The cocoon is white in 
color, and has several ribs running its whole length. 

The pupa rests in its silken hammock for nearly a month; then, 
with the aid of a beak-shaped projection on its head, it tears 
open the end of the cocoon, and the window is soon reached. 
One cannot but marvel at the foresight of the little larva in 
making this window, then fastening one hammock rope at its 
edge, and, finally, always getting into the hammock with its head 
toward the window. The beaked head of the pupa soon bursts 
through the window-pane and projects itself half-way out of the 
opening, and soon the pretty moth emerges and flits away to 
find some secure hiding place for the Winter. Some of the 
conical homes containing the pupal hammocks became dry and 
hard in my cages, and the pupae were then unable to break 
through the window. When I broke some of the windows the 
moths emerged freely. Thus the little windows are made pri- 
marily for the purpose of facilitating the emergence of the adult 
insect. And, as Rennie says, " In order to render this little door 
easy to be found, the caterpillar, as if foreseeing that the blind 
pupa could not otherwise discover it, fixes one of the suspensory 
threads near its margin, guided by which the insect makes its 
exit with the utmost ease, for the head is uniformly swung up by 
the door thread." 

Hiibner found the cones on Privet ; I have thus far seen them 
only on Ash. There is apparently but one brood of the insect 
in a year. Each year, as I look from my office window and see 
a few of these peculiar cones on the Ash tree, I am more and 
more impressed with the almost human intelligence displayed by 
this little hammock-maker. 



112 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

Notes on Rhopalocera, with Descriptions of New Species. 

By DR. HENRY SKINNER, Philadelphia, Pa. 

We have in our lists a number of species which are stragglers 
from other faunae, and among them some that are supposed to 
be improperly credited to our fauna. Mr. Edwards, in his cata- 
logue published in 1884, gives a list of these. I have in my 
collection a specimen of Papilio cresphontinus Martyn, ' ' Psyche, ' ' 
t. 3, fig. 8, t. 4_, fig. 10 (1797). This was taken at Key West, 
Fla. The" species'-is well figured in the " History of Cuba," by 
Sagra. I have also recently had sent to me for identification a 
species of Kricogomia described in the " Biologia Centrali- 
Arnericana," under the name of iinicolor. It is described by. 
Godman and Salvin as follows: Alis Sulphureo-flavis unicoloribus, 
subtus (praeter dimidio anticarum basali aurantio) pallidioribus 
et sericeis ; linea longitudinal! mediana albida. The specimen 
came from Comal County, Texas. I have also had direct from 
its collector a specimen of Victorina steneles taken in Blanco 
County, Texas, in November, 1894. Lyccena xerccs Boisd., 
which was supposed to be extinct, has been recently taken in 
California. I have received a pair in exchange, but was not 
informed of the exact locality where they were caught. 

Thecla sarita n. sp. Upperside of all wings immaculate ; fringes white. 
The hind wings each have a delicate tail about one-eighth inch in length, 
black, with a distinct white tip which is about one-fourth the entire length 
of the tail. The costa at the base is reddish brown. All wings are a 
dark purple color like some of our species of Chrysophanus ; this color 
is brighter in the centre of the wings, the remainder being blackish. 
There is a projection of the wing at the anal angle which might also be 
called a tail. Underside of all wings bright green ; the superiors have a 
narrow, bright, silver stripe extending from the costa to about third 
median nervule ; this stripe runs parallel to and about one-eighth inch 
from the exterior margin. The lower half of the superior wing is light 
gray. There is a similar silver stripe on the inferiors, extending from the 
costa to the anal angle ; this stripe is swollen in the middle and becomes 
very narrow, and on reaching the border of the wings bends at an acute 
angle and runs to the abdominal margin, thus forming a V. There is a 
distinct border to the inferior wing about an eighth of an inch wide, the 
inner line of the border being covered with bluish-silver and red scales, 
the border itself being composed of red scales and spots on a gray back- 
ground. The projection at the anal angle has on it a round red spot, 
partly surrounded by white. The purple upperside and the bright green 
below with the silver bands make this a very distinct and beautiful species. 
It expands about one and one-eighth inches. 



ISQ5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 113 

Described from one specimen, a , received from Mr. F. 
Rauterberg, who has kindly permitted me to retain the type, 
which came from Comal County, Texas. 

Melitaea neumoegeni n. sp. or var. The specimens were received some 
time ago from Mr. Neumoegen and have been in my collection and his 
under the manuscript name above given. Male. Expands one and a 
half inches. Upperside : all wings bright brick-red, fringes white, alter- 
nating with black at the nerve endings. The wings are edged by a very 
narrow black line, and just inside of this and very close to it is another 
line of like character. The superiors have comparatively few markings, 
and these are faint. In the cell are two rings, and at the end of cell a 
black irregular line running from the costa ; beyond this is another line 
of similar character, and there are a number of yellowish lunule-like 
markings at the tip. The inferiors are marked in a similar way; but there 
is considerable black at the base of the wing. Underside : the superiors 
practically as above, but all markings less distinct, except at the apices, 
where there are four or five distinct white spots, and below these, on the 
margin, two more. The inferiors, as in J\f. gabbii, with silvery-white spots, 
but the intervening spots are brick-red and with no black of any moment, 
The females are larger and present the usual differences found in the 
genus. It is difficult to accurately describe species of Melitcra, but this 
one differs from other species in its peculiar color and the paucity of 
markings, especially on the superiors below. 

Described from three specimens in my own collection and from 
several in the late Mr. Neumoegen' s. In the list it would prob- 
ably stand next to M. gabbii. From Utah. 

Elldamus protillus rauterbergi n. var. rf. Expands one and three-fourths 
inches. Upperside : dark smoky-brown in color ; the superiors have 
nine hyaline spots, a faint one on middle of costa, and three extending in 
a line between this and the inner angle ; one in middle of disc and a 
faint one in the interspace above ; three are close together below tin- 
costa on the outer third of wing. Inferiors immaculate, with tails a half 
inch in length. Fringes alternating black and cinereous. Underside : 
superiors as above. Inferiors grayish with blackish longitudinal bands. 
This form is smaller and very much darker than Protillus ; the fringes are 
far less marked, and the tails lack the admixture of light hairs ; the 
maculation is about the same, but in all other ways there is much dif- 
ference. 

One specimen from Mr. F. Rauterberg, who received it from 
Comal County, Texas. I have also seen a specimen belonging 
to Dr. Wm. Barnes, taken in Arizona. 

Amblyscirtes celia n. sp. -f. Expands one and one-eighth inches 
Upperside: dark smoky-brown, almost black; fringes alternating black 



114 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

and cinereous. Superiors have the usual three small spots on outer third 
of wing extending in a row from costa ; there is a row of small yellowish 
white spots running across the centre of the wing in a line with the apex and 
middle of the interior margin ; they vary in number in different specimens 
from none to four or five. Inferiors immaculate. Underside: superiors 
practically as above. Inferiors very finely mottled with light gray scales 
and showing in centre of the wings a number of small, indistinct whitish 
spots. The sexes are alike, except in the usual difference in size and the 
female having less of the central spots on superiors above. This species is 
dark as in via/is, nysa, samoset and textor, and in markings nearest to 
<znus, but is entirely different in color. 

Described from specimens from Blanco, Comal and Nueces 
Counties, Texas. 

o 

VESPEROCTENUS FLOHRI Bates. 
By GEO. H. HORN, M.D. 

The insect indicated by this name will probably remain unseen 
to the vast majority of the readers of NEWS, and would have 
remained unmentioned here but for an article in a recent number 
of "Ent. Mo. Mag." 

Vesperoctenus, at first glance, resembles a longicorn of the 
Leptura series apart from its flabellate antennae, and was de- 
scribed by Mr. Bates as allied to that series, especially to Ves- 
perus, from which it partly derives its name. 

My knowledge of the insect came through a pair of males 
collected in the Peninsula of California, and were referred to me 
for study with the other Coleoptera collected there by the Cali- 
fornia Academy of Sciences. I would certainly have described 
the species as entirely new had not a timely visit from Mr. Flohr 
prevented. 

In my paper on the Coleoptera of Baja California I could not 
agree with Mr. Bates, but placed the insect in the Rhipiceridae, 
giving my reasons and citing Callirhipis as a convenient point of 
comparison. 

In the article in "Ent. Mo. Mag." Mr. Gahan defends the 
opinion of Mr. Bates, and, of course, criticizes mine. 

At present I do not propose to continue any argument, having 
said all that I deem necessary on my own part, and will leave to 
others the adoption of either view. My comparison with Calli- 
rhipis was, as stated, a mere matter of convenience from its Mabel- 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 115 

late antennae, but my argument is intended to apply to the entire 
family as characterized in the books, the genera composing it 
being but few in number and differing widely. 

My principal object in writing these lines is to object to a 
method of argument on Mr. Gahan's part, and it is not the first 
time that the method has been used by my English friends in 
argument against myself and Dr. LeConte. It is the assumption 
that we have no collections for reference beyond our own species. 
"In fact, I believe that Dr. Horn himself, were he really ac- 
quainted with Vesperus * * * " such is the insinuation, and it is 
untrue. 

Again, I certainly did not intend "to impute carelessness or 
worse" to Mr. Bates, but I must be allowed the privilege to 
differ in opinion when I think there is reason. 

No one can have higher regard for Mr. Bates than I, but no 
matter how learned a man may be it is possible to be in error at 
times and there is not a master in Entomology in whose writings 
there are not errors of judgment or through carelessness, or even 
both. 

Had I been compelled to admit that I had not seen Vesperus 
the criticism of Mr. Gahan is equally a criticism of the published 
descriptions and figures of that insect. 



AT Cumana (a city of Venezuala), the use of the Cucujus (Elater noc- 
tilucus) is forbidden, as the young Spanish ladies used to carry on a cor- 
respondence at night with their lovers by means of the light derived from 
them. BaircTs Cyclop. Nat. Sci., London, 1858. 

THE Mantis religiosa of America is said to make a most interesting i /- 
pet when tamed, which can be done in a very short time and with but * 
very little pains. Professor Glover, of the Maryland Agricultural Col- 
lege, tells me he once knew a lady in Washington who kept a Mantis on 
her window, which soon grew so tame as to take readily a fly or other 
small insect out of her hand. Cowan's Curious Facts. 

CHERNETID ATTACHED TO A FLY. In Europe a number of Chernetids 
have been found attached to various insects. In this country, I believe, 
but one species has been recorded, Chelifer alius on Alans oailatus by 
Leidy. This appears to be the same as Ch. oblongus Say. I have re- 
cently received, through Mr. C. P". Baker, a specimen of Clielanops 
pallipes Bks., collected by Mr. J. C. Cowan at Hotchkiss, Colo., which 
was attached to a fly a species of Dexidre. Ch. pallipes was previously 
known from California. NATHAN BANKS. 



n6 [April, 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADVANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

jg@? All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., APRIL, 1895. 



A LETTER TO THE "NEWS." 

I am, I suppose, a tryo in entomology, yet I am earnestly and constantly 
seeking help and advice from books and periodicals on entomology. I 
spend twelve weeks each year teaching some hundred and fifty pupils 
about insects, their structure and habits. This is done not from books, 
but from insects themselves. I collect each Summer about twenty-four 
species of insects, in quantities of from 200 to a 1000 of each species. 
You can easily understand that I am likely to get many insects of other 
species. I know at sight about 150 species of beetles and quite a 
number, say fifty to a hundred species of Hymenoptera and Diptera. I 
have a collection of about 1000 species of insects. Yet, notwithstanding 
all this, I find the reading of the NEWS uninteresting. It tells me about 
so many species of insects of which I have no knowledge, nor the slightest 
conception what they are, nor means of finding out ; while it tells me so 
little of those with which I do have a speaking acquaintance, or how to 
increase my knowledge of insects in general. 

I am not even suggesting that the NEWS should change its plan of work 
to benefit me, or those like me. I know it is vastly more creditable, even 
if less profitable, to publish a paper the back numbers of which, filed 
away unread in entomological libraries, will be overhauled and quoted as 
authority twenty or fifty years from now. But that does not help me, nor 
those like me. I want help, suggestions, inspiration NOW. I have as yet 
found no periodical of that kind. The entomological journals for ama- 
teurs that I have already seen so far, are enough to make a man weep. 
But I know that there is a field for an entomological journal less technical 
than the NEWS, but still scientific and respectable. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 1 17 

It seems to me that entomologists are of two kinds : First, amateurs, 
who have learned what little they do know by the hardest means, and 
who are yet timid about asserting what they do know ; Second, full fledged 
entomologists, born fullgrown with a net in their hands. I do not think 
the latter class have a contempt for the former, but through a lack of 
knowledge of the experiences of the first they act as they would act if 
they did have a contempt for the first class. 

You will certainly understand that in my remarks I do not intend to 
make any strictures upon the NEWS ; but I am merely trying to state facts, 
as nearly as I can see them, that renders it undesirable to subscribe for 
the NEWS. N. A. H. 

WE have published this letter, as it is one of a kind that we receive not 
infrequently. The NEWS, as one of our former subscribers termed it, 
"shoots over the heads of some people." Now, the question is, how can 
this be remedied ? The author of this letter claims to be a teacher of 
entomology, not from books, but from the insects themselves. He is the 
very man to give us an occasional popular article. The editors can't 
afford to write popular articles to make up each issue of the NEWS, as 
they have-not the time so to do, and they are entirely dependent on sub- 
scribers for such articles. We try to have something in each number of 
interest to every one, and if we fail we can't help it. Some time ago we 
sent out circulars to all subscribers asking for popular articles, but they 
came not. If any subscriber fails to find one dollar's worth in the three 
hundred and twenty or more pages of NEWS we give for that amount, he had 
better invest his money in some other channel and become a millionaire. 
It will be found that the articles in the NEWS are written pretiy much 
by the same people each year, and, while we are more than pleased with 
them, we would also like to hear from the people who are always talking 
about a more popular journal. We think many subscribers must lie under 
the impression that the NEWS is a money-making scheme, and that those 
conducting it are making a fortune. The editors and all those connected 
with it subscribe their dollar, and they think they get an ample return ; 
moreover, the American Entomological Society aids the NEWS financially, 
and every subscriber is indebted to said society, as it pays part of each 
subscription. Now, ye lovers of popular articles turn in and do your share 
and stop growling. 

THE striped turnip-beetle, Haltica nemonini, commonly called the 
Turnip-fly, Turnip-flea, Earth-flea-beetle, Black- jack, etc., is a well- 
known species from the ravages the perfect insect commits upon the 
turnip. In Devonshire, England, in the year 1786, the loss caused by 
these insects alone was valued at ,100,000 sterling. And in the Spring of 
1837 the vines in the neighborhood of Montpellier were attacked to so 
great an extent by another species, Haltica oleracea, in the perfect state, 
that fears were entertained for the plants, and religious processions were 
instituted for the purpose of exorcising the insects. Curtis Farm Insects, 
p. 22. 

4* 



Il8 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B. SMITH, Sc. D., New Brunswick, N. J. 



Illinois Entomology. The iSth Report of the State Entomologist on 
noxious and beneficial insects of the State of Illinois for the years 1891 
and 1892 is at hand. This is the yth Report by Forbes, and it is certainly 
no worse than any that have preceded it. Practically, the Report is taken 
up by a treatise on insects that are injurious to corn; and this subject is 
handled more fully and more practically than ever before. A decidedly 
marked feature in the Report is the frequent recommendation of farm 
practice to prevent injury by the insects, and this is fully in line with the 
conclusions that i have been forced to more and more during the past 
years. Insecticides unquestionably have a very great range of usefulness, 
and for some purposes it will be impossible to do without them ; but, on 
the other hand, I think there is as little doubt that in a great variety of 
cases we can reach the desired end, not so much by poisoning the insects, 
but by simply preventing their propagation by reasonable methods of 
farm culture. It is rather interesting, and it marks a somewhat new phase 
in handling the subject, that as against the corn aphis the destruction of 
the nests of certain ants is recommended. Of course, there is nothing- 
very new at the present time in the relation of ants to plant lice ; but I 
believe that this is the first time the practical possibilities involved in this 
relation have been taken advantage of for the benefit of the farmer. A 
somewhat interesting feature of the Report is the fact that the sensory 
pittings of antennae and legs of the plant lice are figured. I believe I was 
the first of recent date to draw attention to the usefulness of these pit- 
tings, and the pictures published by me in Bulletin No. 75 of the New 
Jersey Agricultural College Experiment Station were the first ever pub- 
lished in any economic work where plant lice were treated. 

A Benighted Country: That is what Mr. Edwin C. Reed calls Chile, and 
the following experience, which he details, goes far to support him. He 
writes: "In 1891-92 I was commissioned to stop an invasion of locusts 
that passed the Andes and laid some forty tons of eggs in Southern Chile. 
There was great alarm and a vote of |2oo,ooo. I found that the climate 
w >ukl kill them off, except in a few snug corners, where I did what was 
needtul. The locusts were exterminated, and less than $5000 spent ; but 
I got no thanks." Now, with all due regard to Mr. Reed, he should have 
taken some lessons in the United States in order to have managed this 
matter properly, to the advantage of economic entomology, and to make 
a great man of himself. After he discovered that the climate would kill 
off all the locusts, except in a few snug corners, he should have kept this 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. I 19 

knowledge carefully to himself; he should have used all sorts of materials 
for experimental purposes in those places where the climate would havu 
killed them off anyway, and he should have spent every cent of the 
money, carefully avoiding those snug corners. Then, next year he should 
have pointed with pride to the fact that wherever he had been and had 
tried his experiments that there no locusts appeared, and that only where 
he had not made applications the insects again appeared the following 
year. The facts would have been incontrovertible and Mr. Reed would 
have made a reputation that would have lasted the balance of his life, 
and would have had, besides, the pleasure of expending a snug little 
fortune. Mr. Reed is undoubtedly a good entomologist in more wa\s 
than one, but in our own country I am afraid that he would be considered 
as sadly behind the times. 

Chinch-bugs Again. Bulletin No. 37 of the Minnesota Experiment Sta- 
tion furnishes another chapter in the history of experiments against this 
insec':. Dr. Lugger makes substantially the same recommendations for 
fighting the insects that are made by Prof. Forbes, and he also has had 
some experience with the " white muscardine." In giving the experience 
on the Experiment Station Farm, Dr. Lugger shows that the disease 
appeared there and spread with exceedingly great rapidity during a spell 
of suitable that is, wet weather, and that the recurrence of dry, warm 
weather checked the disease and prevented its further spread. This is, 
of course, in accordance with the observations made elsewhere. He finds 
further, however, that after distributing a great lot of insects covered with 
the fungus to many different points in Minnesota that there were out- 
breaks of the disease, in some cases sufficient to check further injury. It 
is admitted that these outbreaks were so extensive that it seemed almost 
unreasonable to ascribe them to the infestation introduced by the dead 
bugs ; but, on the other hand, is seems that only where these insects 
were introduced was there any appearance of the disease. All this evi- 
dence is interesting, and all runs towards a single direction. It will prove 
without question a good thing to distribute the disease and to introduce 
it into all parts of the country where the chinch-bug occurs in injurious 
numbers ; but, having done this, we have done nearly all that it is pos- 
sible to do. Nature must do the rest that is to say, it depends then 
upon the character of the season and upon the meteorological conditions 
as to whether or not there will be a development of the disease sufficient 
to do practical good. Again we note a tendency to recommend farm 
practice and methods of cultivation as remedial or rather preventive 
measures and I feel very certain that the more the insects are studied in 
the field, and the more we know of their feeding and hibernating habits 
the more these methods will come into use for preventing injury from 
insects. I am convinced that in the course of another decade measures 
against insects will be quite different in their character from those prac- 
ticed at the present time. 



I2O 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



[April, 



The Potato Stalk Borer. This species, Trichobaris trinotata Say, has 
been unusually abundant in some parts of New Jersey during the season 
of 1894. Some parts of Pennsylvania also have been troubled, and among 




them the vicinity of Germantown the locality from which the very first 
reports of injury from this insect were ever received as far back as the 
days of Harris and Fitch. The insect has been much more troublesome 
in the Western States than it has been in the East heretofore, and, curi- 



I895-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



121 



ously enough, none of the collections accessible to me three or four years 
ago had a single New Jersey specimen of this species, so that I could not 






list it among those found in New Jersey. The figures herewith given show 
a series of vines eaten out by the larva a series of vines cut at the base 



122 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

to show the location of the pupa-cell and drawings of the larva, pupa, 
and imago. Practically, the insect can be dealt with rather easily. It 
remains in the vines throughout the Winter, as a rule, or at least remains 
in them until they are dead and dried. Burning the vines as soon as the 
potatoes are harvested results in destroying all the beetles. Where vines 
become infested moderately only that is, not more than three or four 
larvae to a vine the liberal application of readily soluble fertilizers will 
stimulate the plants, so that it will make and mature a crop in spite of the 
injury done by the insects. 

Legislation Against Injurious Insects. Bulletin No. 33 of the Division of 
Entomology, U. S. Department of Agriculture, treats of this subject at 
some length, giving the full text of all the laws heretofore passed on the 
subject, and in addition some of the decisions of the courts upon the 
laws. It appears from this Bulletin that eleven States have passed laws 
more or 'less completely covering the subject, British Columbia being 
included in this enumeration. In Missouri, Kansas, Minnesota, and 
Nebraska grasshoppers alone form the subject of legislation. In Cali- 
fornia legislation is most thorough and covers the entire subject. Oregon, 
Washington and Idaho, as well as British Columbia, have tolerably com- 
plete provisions. The New Jersey Act is intended to be comprehensive ; 
but at present writing has not yet succeeded in passing the gauntlet of 
House, Senate, and Governor and becoming actually effective. 

Foul Brood has become the subject of legislative action in New York 
and in Utah, and, if the present agitation continues, something will prob- 
ably be done in New Jersey. Most of the opposition in New Jersey comes 
from the farmers themselves and practically from one section of the 
country, where the insect question has not forced itself upon them very 
strongly from the nature of their agriculture. Peculiarly enough, how- 
ever, that very section which opposes general legislation suffers from 
"Foul Brood," and is very anxious to obtain legislative action on this 
particular subject. It affords a very pretty illustration of human nature, 
and it shows that it always depends upon whose ox is gored as to whether 
or not it becomes necessary to take active measures. 

It will become interesting if, in the future, we can obtain reports from 
the various States in which laws exist as to their workings. I have fol- 
lowed with some interest developments in New York State on the Black 
Knot question, and was a great deal amused on one occasion in talking 
with a farmer to have him declare that if it was anywhere within his 
power the law would be enforced and he would see to it that no black 
knots existed in his vicinity. A little later, strolling through his place, 
I ran across a clump of old cherry trees on a hillside that were simply 
covered with black knot, and I was further interested later on when I 
asked him whether he knew of the existence of any such fungus on his 
place that he asserted in the most positive way that nothing of that kind 
could be found anywhere within his domains. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 123 

Notes and Newrs. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 
OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NKWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in each case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put " copy 1 ' into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five "extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of ali papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



THK CHILIAN MARGARODES. I expect we shall have to call this insect 
(see p. 86) Margarodes vitas after all, notwithstanding Philippi's strange 
mistake regarding its nature ; but if we agree to reject the name z'i/is, we 
still cannot accept that now proposed by Mr. E. C. Reed, since Giard 
described the species last year as /]/. vitiinn. T. D. A. COCKERELI,. 

WASPS IN ENGLAND. On pages 284 and 334 of the last volume of 
' Insect Life," reference was made to the extraordinary abundance of 
wasps in Great Britain during the Summer of 1893, the result probably of 
the long-continued dry weather of the Spring of that year. 

Mr. Henry Cullum. of Utah, has recently sent a clipping from the 
II esteni Daily Press, of Bristol, England, dated June 27, 1894, in which 
the statement is made that the Chew Magna Horticultural Society en- 
deavored to reduce the plague by offering the present season a reward of 
6d. per dozen for queen wasps delivered dead to the Society. Over two 
thousand had been sent in up to the date of the publication, and the 
editor of the Press advocated the adoption of this plan by other hoi ticul- 
tural and agricultural societies throughout the kingdom. 

DIASPIS LANATUS AMYGDALi. Mr. Maskell writes that he has examined 
Diaspis amygdali Try-on, 1889, on peach from Queensland, and finds it 
to be the same species as D. lanatus Morg. and Ckll., 1891. He says : 
'The only differences which I can detect are the very, very slightly less 
incised terminal \obesofamygdati, and a very small increase in the num- 
ber of spinnerets in some specimens." I have never seen authentic ainyg- 
dali ; but in the Kept. Dept. Agriculture for 1893, amygdali is stated to 
be distinct from /anafus, differing in size, color of 9 scale, and method 
of work. Nevertheless, I am strongly inclined to agree with Mr. M.iskell 
that the species called amygdali and lanatus are all one, the apparent 
differences being only varietal. The species which must be called D. 
amygdali is now known from the following countries : United States, 
West Indies, Australia, Ceylon and Japan. The positive evidence of its 
occurrence in Japan is derived from an examination of specimens collected 
by Mr. Takahashi, and sent to me by Mr. Howard. More detail will be 
given on this point hereafter. T. D. A. COCKERELL. 



124 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 



PENTACANTHA IN NEW YORK. Mr. R. H. Pettit has taken 
two males of ^L. pentacantha Ramb. at Baldwinsville, Onondaga County, 
N. Y., in June. The species was previously known, I believe, only from 
Texas, Louisiana and southern Illinois. N. BANKS. 

AN EARLY SUGGESTION OF A MODERN PLAN. The appointment of Mr. 
Albert Koebele by the Hawaiian government for the purpose of collect- 
ing and bringing to Hawaii beneficial insects which will prey upon injuri- 
ous species, referred to in a recent number of. " Insect Life," was the 
direct outcome of the success of certain recent experiments in this direc- 
tion. The idea of the employment of predatory and predacous species 
in this way is an old one, but just how old we hardly realized until we saw 
in the " Entomologist's Record" for August, 1894, a little review by F. J. 
Buckell, of Linnaeus' " Amcenitates Academicae," which, though bearing 
the name of Linnaeus, was written by one of his pupils, Andrew John 
Bladh. In this "entomological antique," as Mr. Buckell calls it, the 
following suggestion is made : "If we understood how to apply insects 
properly, we might use them as we do cats against mice, and by attending 
to the design of Nature, prevent much damage." 

THE timely suggestion in the February NEWS with reference to the 
erection of a monument to Thomas Say in Philadelphia is a most ex- 
cellent one, and to some extent anticipates another which I had intended 
to make on closing the Say sketches. It would, it seems to me, be a 
very proper thing to do if the entomologists of America were to donate a 
trifle each and erect a neat iron fence about the resting-place of Say at 
New Harmony. The present owner of the premises, Mrs. Richard Owen 
and her sons, I am very sure, would be more than pleased to grant per- 
mission for its erection. A very small amount contributed by each ento- 
mologist would suffice to erect a substantial and appropriate iron fence, 
enclosing an area of 20 x 24 feet. I can, if desired, secure permission for 
erection, and get estimates of cost of same and erection, I would sug- 
gest that the editor and associate editor of the NEWS, the editors of 
" Psyche" and the " Canadian Entomologist" be considered a committee 
to receive (and solicit if necessary) funds for this purpose. 

F. M. \YEBSTER. 



Identification of Insects (Jmagos) for Subscribers. 

Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending ; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 125 

Entomological Liter attar e. 



1. THE AMERICAN NATURALIST. Philadelphia, February, 1895. The 
philosophy of flower seasons and the phrenological relations of the ento- 
mophilous flora and the anthophilous insect fauna. C. Robertson, figs. 
Two new species of Lecanium from Brazil, T. I). A. Cockerell. March, 
1895. The classification of the Lepidoptera, Y. L. Kellogg. 

2. REVUE BIOLOGIQUE DU NORD DE LA FRANCE. Lille, December, 
1894. Remarks on the organization and comparative anatomy of the 
latter segments of the body of the Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hemip- 
tera (cont.), J. Peytoureau, figs., pis. 

3. ARCHIVES DE ZOOLOGIE EXPERIMEXTALE ET GENERALE (3), ii, 
1894, 4. Paris. The venomous gland of Scolopendra, O. Duboscq. figs. 
On a marine Dipter of the genus Clunio Haliday, R. Chevrel. 

4. MK. M<> I RES DE LA SOCIETE ZOOLOGIQUE DE FRANCE, vii. Pans, 

1894 (extracts). Studies on ants, fourth note : Pelodera in the pharyngeal 
glands of Formica ritfa L., C. Janet, figs; Seventh note: On the anatomy 
of the petiole of Myrmica rubra L., id., figs. 

5. MEMOIRES DE LA SOCIETE ACADEMIQUE DE L'OISE, xv. Beauvais, 
1894 (extract). Studies on ants, fifth note : On the morphology of the 
skeleton of the post-thoracic segments in the Myrmicidse (Myrmica rubra 
L. female), C. Janet, figs. 

6. CHRISTIANIA VIDENSKABS-SELSKABS FORHANDLINGER, 1893, No. 13 
(received Feb. 19, 1895). Catalogue of Norwegian Lepidoptera, YY. M. 
Schoyen. 

7. BULLETIN DE L'ACADEMIE IMPERIALE DES SCIENCES DE ST. PETEKS- 
BOURG (v), ii, i, January, 1895. Studies on the lymphatic system of in- 
sects and myriapods , A. O. Kowalevsky. 

8. NOVITATES ZOOLOGIC.*:, ii, i, Tring (England), Feb. i, 1895. De- 
scriptions of new species of Lampyridse in the Museum at Tring, E. Olivier. 
Notes on Saturnidte, W. Rothschild. 

9. ALTERNATING GENERATIONS, A Biological Study of Oak Galls 
and Gall Flies. By Hermann Acller, M.D. Translated and edited by 
Charles R. Straton, Oxford. At the Clarendon Press, 1894, pp. xliii, 
198, 3 pis. 

10. TRANSMUTATION DER SCHMETTERLINGE infolge Temperaturander- 
ungen Experimentelle Untersuchungen iiber die Phylogenese der Yan- 
essen. Yon E. Fisher, cand. med. Zurich. Berlin, R. Friedliinder & 
Sohn, 1895, 3 6 PP- 

IT. BULLETIN^. Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station. 
A plum scale in western New York. M. Y. Slingerland, figs. Ithaca, 
N. Y., 1894. 



126 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April. 

12. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD, London, Feb. 15, 1895. Address 
by the vice-president to the city of London Entomological and Natural 
History Society [the study of entomology, entomologists], J. W. Tutt. 
Catalogue of the Lepidopterous super-family Noctuidae found in Boreal 
America byj. B. Smith [a review],]. W. Tutt. March ist. Notes on 
Aphomia socie/la, W. P. Blackburne-Maze, i pi. Generic names in 
the Noctuidae (cont.), A. R. Grote. The life-history of a Lepidopterous 
insect ; chap, v, the larva or caterpillar, J. W. Tutt. Discussion on the 
nature of certain colors (cont.), R. Freer, W. S. Riding. ApUrous 
females and winter emergence, E. F. Studd. 

13. THE TRANSACTIONS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONIX IN, 
1894, pt. v, Feb. 5, 1895. President's address : The geographical distri- 
bution of butterflies, H. J. Elwes. 

14. BULLETIN, No. 32. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Aus- 
tin, Texas, September, 1894. [On some insects injurious to plums], R. 
H. Price, figs. 

15. ANNALES DES SCIENCES NATURELLES, ZOOLOGIE (7), xix, i. Paris, 
1895. The glandular apparatus of the Hymenoptera (salivary glands, 
digestive tube, Malpighian tubes, venomous glands), L. Bordas, 4 pis. 
[That which is here published includes only the salivary glands]. 

16. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON, 
iii, 2, 3. Notes on the discovery of a new Scolytid, with brief description 
of the species, A. D. Hopkins. [Jan. 7, 1895; author's extra.] Notes 
on the habits of certain Mycetophilids, with descriptions of Epidapiis 
scabiei, sp. nov., A. D. Hopkins, figs. [Feb. 13, 1895 ; author's extra.] 

17. THE KANSAS UNIVERSITY QUARTERLY, iii, 3. Lawrence, Kans., 
January, 1895. Cnephalia and its allies, W. A. Snow. A new species of 
Pelecocera, id. Exotic Tabanida?, S. W. Williston. American Platy- 
pezidae, ii, W. A. Snow. 

18. GLI INSETTI E GLI UCCELLI considerati per se stessi e per i loro 
rapporti con 1'Agricoltura. Apelle Dei autore. Memoria presentata nelP 
Adunanza del Comizio Agrario del 29 Aprile, 1894. Siena, 1894. 

19. PSYCHE. Cambridge, Mass., March, 1895 (received Feb. 28, 1895). 
-New North American Odonata, A. P. Morse. Description of some of 

the larval stages of Amphion nessus, C. G. Soule. Rhopalomera .rant hops 
sp. nov., S. W. Williston. 

20. ENTOMOLOGISCHE NACHRICHTEN, xxi, 1-4. Berlin, January, Feb- 
ruary, 1895. On grass galls, E. H. Riibsaamen, figs. Synonymic cata- 
logue of the European Sphecodinae, Anthreninae, Dr. V. Dalla-Torre and 
H. Friese. Supplementary note on Sphinx larvae, Dr. L. Glaser. 

21. COMPTES RENDUS, L'ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES. Paris, Ft-b. 18, 
1895. On Vespa crabro L., oviposition ; preservation of heat in the nest, 
C. Janet, figs. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 127 

22. MEMORIE BELLA R. ACCADEMIA DELLE SCIENZE DELL' ISTITUTO 
DI BOLOGNA (v), iii, 1893. Monographic study of the genus Azteca Forel, 
C. Emery, 2 pis. 

23. KNOWLEDGE. London, March i, 1895. The intelligence of insects 
in relation to flowers, Rev. A. S. Wilson, figs. 

24. BOLLETINO DEI MUSEI di Zoologia ed Anatomia comparata cl. R. 
Universita di Torino, No. 184, Sept. 30, 1894. Voyage of Dr. Alfredo 
Borelli to the Argentine Republic and Paraguay : Orthoptera, Dr. E. 
Giglio-Tos. 186, Oct. 25, 1894. Id. : Formicidce, C. Emery. 

25. MEMOIRES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIQUE, i. Brus- 
sels, 1892. Synonymic catalogue of the Buprestidse described from 1758 
to 1890, C. Kerremans. [Received March 12, 1895]. 

26. PROCEEDINGS AND TRANSACTIONS OF THE CROYDON MICROSCO- 
PICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY CLUB. Croydon, 1894. The silk-worm 
disease ; its cause and prevention, A. B. Farn. 

27. BULLETIN FROM THE LABORATORIES OF NATURAL HISTORY of the 
State University of Iowa, iii, i, 2. Iowa City, January, 1895. Narrative 
and preliminary report of Bahama expedition, C. C. Nutting. 

28. THIRTY-SECOND ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MASSACHUSETTS AGRI- 
CULTURAL COLLEGE for 1894. Boston, January, 1895. A new greenhouse 
pest \_Orthezia insignis Doug.J, C. P. Lounsbury, 4 pis. Report of Ento- 
mological division (received March 8, 1895). 

29. SPECIAL BULLETIN, No. 2, OF THE WEST VIRGINIA AGRICULTURAL 
EXPERIMENT STATION. Forms of the so-called potato-scab caused by 
insects, A. D. Hopkins, figs. 

30. BULLETIN, No. 37. University of Minnesota Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station. St. Anthony Park, Minn., December, 1894 (received March 
12, 1895). The Chinch-bug, O. Lugger, figs. 

31. EIGHTEENTH REPORT of the State Entomologist on the Noxious 
and Beneficial Insects of the State of Illinois. Seventh report of S. A. 
Forbes. For the years 1891 and 1892. Springfield, 111., 1894 (received 
March 8, 1895). Insects injurious to Indian corn ; 165 pp., 15 pis. 

32. THE JOURNAL OF THE CINCINNATI SOCIETY OF NATURAL HISTORY, 
xvii, 4, January, 1895 (received March 8, 1895). Catalogue of the ( )d<>- 
nata of Ohio, part i, D. S. Kellogg. 

33. THL CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST. London, Out., March, 1895 (re- 
ceived March 11). Descriptions of some new species of Epipaschiinae 
and Phyciticke, G. D. Hulst. Canadian Coccida?, iii, T. D. A. Cockerel!. 
Some new species of Robinsonia, \V. Schaus. Preliminary studies in 
Siphonaptera, ii, C. F. Baker. Notes on some reared Hymenoptera, 
largely parasitic and chiefly from Ohio, F. M. Webster. The Coleoptera 
of Canada, vii, H. F. Wickham, figs. New Hampshire Tenthredinidse, 
A. D. Macgillivray. In reply to Mr. Hulst, A. R. Grote. 



128 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

34. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S MONTHLY MAGAZINE. London, March, 
1895. Further notes on the habits of Psyche mllosella Ochs., C. G. Bar- 
rett. Occurrence of Tinea vinculclla H.-S., at Portland, with notes on 
its life-history, N. M Richardson. Successful introduction of luimble 
bees into New South Wales, A. S. OH iff. AIenrodes proletella L. and A. 
brassica- Walk., a comparison, J. W. Douglas. RecenT experiments on 
the means of protection possessed by Abraxas grosstilariafa, \\ . F. H. 
Blandford. Note on a mass of cocoons of Aphomia sociella L., C. G. 
Barrett. Method of sugaring meadows, moors, mountain sides, etc., H. 
G. Knaggs. 

35. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. L'.)ndon, March, [895. On the causes of 
variation and aberration in the imago state of butterflies', withfstfg'gestions 
on the establishment of new species, Dr. M. Standfuss, transl. by F. A, 
Dixey, introductory note by F. Merrifield. Moth-adipocere, H. G. 
Knaggs. Jumping beans and jumping eggs, C. G. Bignell. 

36. TRANSACTIONS OF THE CONNECTICUT ACADEMY, ix, pp. 400-429 
July, 1894 (received March 8, 1895). Canadian spiders, J. H. Emerton, 
4 pis. 

37. LE NATURALISTE CANADIEN. Chicoutimi, Quebec, February, 1895 
(received March 8). L'Abbe Provancher (cont), Abbe V. A. Huard. 
Coloration in Lepidoptera, Abbe P. A. Begin. 

38. DEUTSCHE ENTOMOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, 1894, Erstes Lepidop- 
terologisches Heft. Berlin, July 14, 1894. High Andine Lepidoptera, 
Dr. O. Staudinger, 2 pis. Palaearctic genera of Lasiocampidae, Striphnop- 
terygidae and Megalopygida;, Dr. C. Aurivillius, 2 pis. Zweites Lepidop- 
terologisches Heft, Jan. 5, 1895. On the capture and habits of the chief 
butterflies of the Amazon Valley, O. Michael. [Both parts received 
March 1 1, 1895.] 

39. THE, NATURALISTS' JOURNAL. London, March, 1895. Pupa hunt- 
ing (cont.), H. G. Knaggs, figs. Insects that feed on shrubs, S. L. Mosley. 
Beetles in a timber yard, R. J. Thomson. 

40. ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIQUE, xxxix, 
2. Brussels, Feb. 28, 1895 (received March 14, 1895). New contribution 
to the study of the Lathridinse, M. J. Belon. 

41. The appearance of the seventh part of "Monographic der mit 
Nysson und Bembex werwandten Grabwespen," * by Anton Handlirsh, 
completes one of the most important and useful works relating to the 
Hymenoptera published in recent years. 

This last part relates entirely to the genus Bembe.r, which, as the author 
states, is the most difficult and the richest in species in the entire group, 
his paper containing descriptions of 118 species which he has personally 



* Sitzungsb. d. k. Akad. d. Wissensch., Wien, Math.-natunv. Classe, cii, Bd, Abtli., i, 
pp. 657 et. seq. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 129 

examined, more than half of which are brought to light for the first time, 
and 35 species unidentified. The biology of a number of the species is 
dwelt on at length, comparisons being made with the habits of many 
other fossorial wasps ; and a chapter is devoted to the phylogeny and 
systematic remarks, and another to the geographical distribution. Coming 
to the systematic part of the work, we find the species divided into two 
grand divisions, the Bembeces genuinse, consisting of the greater num- 
ber of the species, and the Bembeces aberrantes ; and the species are 
further divided into 39 minor groups. The author finds that Cresson 
confused two species in describing Belfragei, and in separating the two 
has named both, thus erecting a new name for Belftagei, which it appears 
he was unable to identify from Cresson's description. 

Another change is the substitution of the name spinolce Lepelitier for 
fasciata, under which head American students had known our common 
species, because the author believes it impossible to identify fa&fasciata 
of Fabricius from the description, as it is applicable to several other species. 
The advisibility of this modification is to be doubted, inasmuch as the 
form which we regarded as fasciata has probably more right to the name 
than any of the allied ones ; and as Fabricius' name cannot be dropped, 
unless proven a synonym, it is more advantageous by far to assign some 
form to it, fitting the description, than to increase the already too large 
list of unidentified species of the old authors, which will no doubt never 
be determined. The author is to be congratulated on the completion of 
such a valuable contribution to hymenopterology, W. J. F. 

42. We have just received from the authors a copy of an important con- 
tribution to the literature of West Indian Hymenoptera, the " Report 
upon the Parasitic Hymenoptera of the Island of St. Vincent," by C. V. 
Riley, William H. Ashmead and L. O. Howard, printed in the Linnean 
Society's Journal, vol. xxv. The work is based on the material collected 
for the West India Committee by Mr. Herbert H. Smith, whose energy 
as a collector has been well attested by his previous labors in Brazil. 
Prof. Riley contributes the introduction and a list of the previously 
described Parasitica of the island, which is followed by Part i of Mr. 
Ashmead's paper, this being succeeded by Mr. Howard's report on part 
of the Chalcididae. Part 2 of Mr. Ashmead's report concludes the work, 
which includes no less than 254 pages, in which 6 new genera and 299 IH-W 
species are described. Prof. Riley hopes soon to publish a supplementary 
paper containing the Microgasterince and the Eupelminae. W. |. F. 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper was published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 

THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 

Robertson r, Peytoureau 2, Kowalevsky 7, Tutt 12, Freer 12, Riding 12, 
Dei 1 8, Riibsaamen 20, Wilson 23, Xutting 27, Forbes 31, Knaggs 34, 
Huard 37, Mosley 39. 



130 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 

MYRIOPODA. 
Duboscq 3. 

ARACHNIDA. 

Emerton 36*. 

ORTHOPTERA. 
Giglio-Tos 24. 

NEUROPTERA. 

Morse 19-', Kellogg 32*. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Cockerel! i, 33, Peytoureau 2, Slingerland u, Price 14, Lounsbury 28, 
Lugger 30, Douglas 34. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Peytoureau 2, Olivier 8*, Price 14, Hopkins 16 (two),* 29, Kerremans 
25, Wickham 33, Thomson 39, Belon 40.* 

DIPTERA. 

Chevrel 3, Hopkins 16*, Snow 17* (three), Williston 17, 19,* Baker 33*. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Kellogg i, Peytoureau 2, Schoyen 6, Rothschild 8*, Fisher 10, Tutt 12 
(two), Elwes 13, Blackburne-Maze 12, Grote 12, Studd 12, Soule 19, 
Glaser 20, Farn 26, Hulst 33*, Schaus 33*, Barrett 34 (two), Richardson 
34, Blandford 34, Standfuss, etc., 35, Knaggs 35, 39, Bignell 35, Begin 37, 
Staudinger 38, Aurivillius 38, Michael 38. 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Janet 4 (two), 5, 21, Adler 9, Bordas 15, Dalla-Torre and Friese 20, 
Handlirsch 41*, Emery 22*, 24, Webster 33, Macgillivray 33" : ' r , Olliff34, 
Riley, etc., 42*. 



Doings of Societies. 



MARCH 12, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, No. 1509 South Thirteenth Street. 
Members present : Messrs. Bland, Dr. Griffith, Dr. Castle, E. Wenzel, 
Trescher, Fox, Hoyer, Seeber, Boerner, Johnson, H. W. Wenzel, and 
Smitz. Honorary member : Prof. John B. Smith. Visitor : Levi W. 
Mengel, of Reading, Pa. Meeting called to order at 8.50 P.M., president 
Bland presiding. Prof. Smith exhibited a number of interesting photo- 
graphic prints, the result of some of his recent experiments in that line, 
his object being to obtain fac-similes from originals for the purpose of 
photo-engraving, correct reproductions being impossible through the art 



ISQ5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 131 

of sketching. Among these were a number of prints showing the bur- 
rows made by Scolytus rugulosus in apple wood, being so arranged as to 
show the different stages of the life of these insects. These were the best 
reproductions the members had ever seen, and the professor attributes 
his success partly to the use of aristo-platinotype paper and the double 
toning process. These beetles, he said, first burrow one central gallery 
and then make small lateral chambers at intervals, laying three or four 
eggs in each, feeding after every deposit, and repeating this work until a 
beetle has oviposited five or six times its bulk in eggs during a lifetime. 
Mr. H. \V. Wenzel exhibited some interesting Coleoptera from Utah, also 
stating that Anthonomus sycophantus and A. scntcllatus had been cap- 
tured very commonly on willow in the Orange Mountains, N. J., last 
Summer. 

It was unanimously resolved that a vote of thanks be extended to Dr. 
Skinner for the royal manner in which he entertained the social at its 
List meeting. No further business being presented, the meeting adjourned 
to the annex at 10.30. 

THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 



Tne Entomological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



A NEW VOLUCELLA FROM WASHINGTON. 

By D. W. COQUILLETT, Washington, D. C. 

Among an interesting lot of Diptera received from Prof. O. B. 
Johnson for naming, was a pair of specimens belonging to the 
Syrphid genus Volucella ; a careful comparison with the existing 
descriptions indicates that the species is a new one, and it is 
therefore duly characterized below. Each of these specimens 
has the marginal cells of the wings open, and the species would 
therefore belong to the genus Phalacromyia Rondani, but in the 
recent paper by E. Giglion-Tos (Ditteri del Messico, Part I) this 
is merged into Volucclla, since he found that the character of the 
opened or closed marginal cell varies in the different specimens 
belonging to the same species. 



132 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April. 

Volucella kincaidiin. sp. $. Black, thescutellum dark fulvous, halteres 
brownish. Eyes black pilose, that on the lower part reddish; front, 
cheeks and occiput reddish pilose, that on the face black ; face on upper 
two-thirds straight, the lower third much retreating and concave ; upper 
two-thirds of face in the middle gray pollinose, the remaining surface sub- 
shining; proboscis much shorter than either front femur. Thorax sub- 
opaque, reddish pilose, its posterior half and a broad stripe on upper edge 
of pleura black pilose; scutellum convex, rounded behind, destitute of a 
transverse impression and of bristles, its pile mixed yellowish and black. 
Abdomen opague velvety, with the exception of the base of the third 
segment and the whole of the two following, which are shining excepting 
an indistinct subopaque fascia beyond the middle of the fourth; pile of 
abdomen reddish yellow; hind femora more slender than the others, hind 
tibiae arcuate; pile of hind femora and on bases of the others reddish 
yellow, that toward the apices of the latter largely black; hind tibia; quite 
densely ciliate on the inner and outer sides with rather short hairs, those 
on the inner side the longest, being slightly longer than the transverse 
diameter of the tibia. Wings hyaline, apex of subcostal cell brown, a 
brown fascia extends from base of submarginal cell to posterior end of 
cross-vein at apex of second basal cell; a brown cloud on the small cross- 
vein; marginal cell open; calypteres yellowish. 

9. Same is the rf 1 with these exceptions: Face not pollinose, except- 
ing- on the sides, its pile yellowish: front subshining, at its middle is a 
transverse impression extending from eye to eye and more densely punc, 
tured than the remaining surface; pile of thorax, pleura, scutellum- 
abdcmen and legs yellow. Length 12-14 nim. 

Olympia, Washington. A single male and female collected by 
Mr. Trevor Kincaid, after whom it gives me pleasure to name this 
interesting species. 



OBITUARY. 

HANS DANIEL JOHAN WALLENGREN, the well-known entomologist, 
died Oct. 24, 1894, at Farhult, Sweden, aged 72 years. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for March, was mailed March i, 1895. 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. VI. 











y. 




COLEOPTEROUS LARV/E (Wickham). 



See page 168. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OE THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION, 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

VOL. vi. MAY, 1895. No. 5. 

CONTENTS: 



Slosson Collecting at. Lake Worth 133 

Maywood The assembling of the Ce- 

cropiamoth 136 

Lembert Food Plants 137 

Lugger A case of mimicry 138 

Schaus Some Notes on American 

141 

Albright California Lepidoptera 144 



Editorial 151 

Economic Entomology 153 

Notes and News 157 

Entomological Literature 159 

Doings of Societies 165 

Entomological Section 166 

Holland Two new African Lycasnids.. 166 
Wickham On the Larvae of Hydro- 



Popular Entomology 145 charis obtusatus and Silpha surina- 

Kunze Cocoon mimicry 147 niensis 168 

COLLECTING AT LAKE WORTH, FLA. 

By ANNIE TRUMBULL SLOSSON. 

I reached Palm Beach on the east side of Lake Worth on 
December 3ist, a few days after the first great " freeze" of this 
strange, cold Winter. Of course even in South Florida, where 
the temperature is generally so uniform throughout the year, 
there is a season of rest for both plant and insect life. And the 
Winter months the dry season show a great lessening of the 
number of insects. But for several years I have collected in 
Florida through January and February, and have never seen as 
little insect life as in the Winter months of this year of 1895. 
Still in the two weeks of my stay at the Lake I found some rare 
and interesting things. There was very little in the way of Le- 
pidoptera. In the spots where last March the air was full of 
fluttering wings and gay with bright tints of butterflies and day 
moths, there was now scarcely a sign of life or motion. The 
flowers around which they then flitted and hovered were dead, 
the vines, shrubs and trees dry and leafless. I saw one Callid- 
ryas agarithe only, where last season the place was all golden 
with their waving wings; I took one Heliconia charitonia, and a 



134 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

pair of Pieris ilaire. I was also so very fortunate as to capture 
one more specimen of the rare little beauty, Thecla acis, of which 
I found a pair last year. The only butterfly which was at all 
common was a little blue Lyctzna, I think it is L. ammon which 
was flying about the few and rare blossoms near the beach. Near 
the hotel a white bur marigold {Bidens leucantha) had escaped 
the fros.t, and was in bloom everywhere, looking much like our 
commo^ dai.^y or white weed of the North. Probably because 
it was one of the very few plants in flower this proved exceedingly 
attractive to Hymenoptera and Diptera. The brilliant carpenter 
bee, Xylocopa micans, always common here, boomed and buzzed 
about these blossoms, a few bumble bees (B. pennsyhanicus and 
B. americanoruni) came to them at times, and Melii>sodes bimacu- 
lata, one or two species of Augochlora and Agapostemon flitted 
about them. Here, too, I captured two specimens of a tropical 
insect, Elis tricinda, never before recorded as found in the United 
States. A handsome Ccelioxys, black and red was taken here and 
is probably either a new species or West Indian. Upon one or 
two lime trees there were a few blossoms left untouched by the 
frost, and around these were always flying wasps and hornets. 
A Vespa V. cuneata, I think Polybiacubensis, and two or three 
species of Polistes, were common here. And Zethus slossontz 
Fox was very abundant. I took some twenty specimens of this 
one morning, and among them found Eumenes smithii, which, 
from its coloration and superficial resemblance, I had mistaken 
for the Zethus. But one day moth, I think, was seen here, a 
pretty fellow I had never before found. It is, I suppose, the 
Deiopcia aurea Fitch, afterward described by Clemens as Poe- 
ciloptera compta, and called by Prof. Smith, in his check list, 
Oeta aiirea Fitch. I am not sure of this synonymy, as I am 
away from my library. It is a showy insect, though small, with 
fore wings of shining orange, marked with bluish-black patches 
containing yellow spots; hind wings dark, semi-hyaline. I took 
several specimens of this moth. Composia fidelissima was not 
seen at all. There were no night moths, or almost none, two 
or three microlepidoptera and one small geometer, that was all, 
I think. Of Coleoptera I found some forty species in the two 
weeks of my stay. Of these over twenty were not included in 
Dr. Hamilton's list of Lake Worth Coleoptera ("Can. Ent. " 
xxvi, 250) nor in my additional list ("Can. Ent." xxvii, 9). 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 135 

Many of these beetles were found apparently hybernating under 
bark, boards or rubbish, and were quite torpid. The species 
most common here last season were not found at all, or in very 
small numbers. The little Anthicid, Mecynotarsus elegans, so 
very abundant on the hot white sand near the ocean last year 
was scarce and hard to find; I saw none at all untiLa few days 
before I came away, when I secured a few. The large "whitish 
green weevil, Pachnaus dislans, was taken hybernating u*der the 
fibrous sheaths of the leaves of cocoanut palms. Artipusflondanus 
was found in same situations. But my most interesting work in 
beetle hunting was done by dredging. Much of the land here is 
drained for cultivation by ditches in which the water (brackish) 
always stands at about the level of hightide in the sea. In these, 
with a very roughly improvised net made of a piece of muslin 
sewed to an awkwardly bent bit of iron wire whose twisted ends 
made the only handle I could contrive, I dredged with much 
success. I took in this way thirteen species, some common, 
some rare. Among them were Rhantus calidus, Bidessus exig- 
uus< Coptotomus obscurus, Berosus striatus and Canthydrus gib- 
bulus. Perhaps the most abundant was Hydrophilus nimbatus. 
There was one handsome Thermonectes, which Mr. Liebeck labels 
ornaticollis? On the ocean beach I found a few specimens of 
Phaleria longula, and P. picipes under timber or seaweed, but 
they were not common. In same situation I found one P&dems 
floridanus and several specimens of Aleochara sp. Flying along 
the sand in the hot sunshine I took, one day, two specimens of 
Pompilus juxta, a pretty black and red sand- wasp, not hitherto 
recorded from the United States. I saw very few larvae of any 
kind. Three or four caterpillars, evidently Ecpantheria scribonia 
were found torpid under boards. In the trunk of a cocoanut tree, 
in a sort of cocoon made by hollowing out a cell, and lining it 
with silk mixed with bits of wood as fine as sawdust, I found a 
whitish, grub like larva. I cut out the piece of wood containing 
the cocoon and took it home. I dared not examine the larva very 
closely for fear of disturbing it. Its general color was sordid 
white and it had inconspicuous tubercles each bearing a fine, 
short hair. It left its old cell and constructed a fresh one in the 
same piece of wood. There it remained, alive, but without food 
as far as I could judge, for two weeks. Then it pupated, and at 
the expiration of three weeks more, there emerged a fine, perfect 



136 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

specimen of Litoprosopus futilis. This moth I have never taken 
except at Rockledge, on the Indian River, where it is not uncom- 
mon. But it has been found by others in various parts of South 
Florida. I do not know whether its life-history has been recorded. 



-o- 



THE ASSEMBLING OF THE CECROPIA MOTH. 

By O. S. WESTCOTT, Maywood, 111. 

This is a somewhat hackneyed topic, but an experience of mine 
last Summer is possibly worthy of record. 

In the Spring of 1894 I collected a large number of Cocropia 
cocoons, from which the moths began to emerge early in June. 
On the night of June 9, 1894, I left one female in a cage made 
of wire gauze. On the morning of the loth I found thirty-six 
males about the cage. On the night of the roth I left two females 
in the cage, but on the morning of the nth there were but seven 
males near it. The weather was oppressively warm, but other- 
wise the climatic conditions were not noticeably different. On 
the night of the nth I left five females in the cage. On the 
morning of the i2th there were eighty-one males at the cage. 
Two of these were wrapped in what was apparently a loving, if 
not conjugal, embrace. I placed them in a cage by themselves 
and they remained in coitit (etymologically speaking) the entire 
day. 

On the night of the i2th I placed six females in the cage. 
When I looked out of an upper window early on the morning of 
the 1 3th there was a cloud of Cecropias on and about the cage and 
extending from it for several feet in every direction, which re- 
minded me at once of the only flight of Danais archippus it has 
been my good fortune to see. When I once took seven archippus 
at one sweep of an insect net, I thought Lepidoptera were just 
then abundant, but the present experience was even more striking. 
A cat was amusing herself in striking down and devouring some 
of the most active ones, leaving, however, the wings. Many 
were flying away, but the number remaining when I came to 
count them was two hundred and eighteen. Of these there were 
five pairs in coitu (/). All, however, were males. 

On the morning of the I2th a robin was busy among them, 
but the cat had evidently made way with more than a score. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 137 

Whether cats and robins eat moths extensively or not is per- 
haps not proven, but every one knows that woodpeckers fre- 
quently pierce the cocoons ; and two pet squirrels belonging to 
my nearest neighbor ate, with avidity, all with which I supplied 
them. 

Thus in four days I had toled to my cage three hundred and 
forty-two and more males of this well-known insect. I trust by 
destroying this number that there will be an appreciable diminu- 
tion of its numbers in my immediate vicinity the coming season. 



NOTE. Dr. Westcott's mention of the cat feeding upon the Cecropias 
reminds me of a fact which I have never placed on record, but which has 
probably been noted by others. Some years ago I visited an uncle in 
Springfield, 111., and attached to his house was a large garden filled with 
flowers of many kinds. Among others a bed of Petunias in full bloom 
attracted my attention, and I concluded to ascertain what Sphinges came 
there that evening. When I took my stand I found the house cat quietly 
crouched close to a cluster of the largest and most attractive flowers ; but 
concluded not to disturb her. Soon a Sphinx Carolina made its advent 
and began feeding near the cat, which, to my surprise, was now all alert. 
Suddenly there was a quick stroke of the paw and a short jump, and 
mistress cat leisurely devoured her capture, first tearing away the wings. 
She caught more moths than I did that evening, and I was informed that 
this was a nightly habit of Pussy's. J. B. SMITH. 



-o- 



FOOD-PLANTS. 

By J. B. LEMBERT. 

I have observed the following species of Lepidoptera oviposit 
in the Yosemite National Park during the year 1894 : 

Annaphila decia oviposits on the underside of the leaves of 
Enanus douglasii on February 26th. Anthocharis reakirtii, 
March ?9th, on the stalk of Thysanocarpus pusillus. A. sara, 
April 1 3th, on the stalk of Thysanocarpus pusillus, Nisioniades 
per sins, Trifolium ciliatum and other species Melitcza baroni, 
April 9th, Collinsia torrcya on the underside of the leaves in two 
lines or rows, one always having one or two more eggs than the 
other row. Tliecla dumetorum, April gth, in the heart of the 
"unopened, dense flower heads of Hosackia argophylla. Eu- 
clidia, cuspidea April i3th, on dried stalks in twos and threes to the 
number of eight or nine near the preferred food-plants, Lupinus 



138 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

chamisorus. Kodiosoma, April 8th, on Trifolium dliatum, Esc- 
holzia epeciodes. Gillia achill<zfolium, Festnca myurus and 
dried twigs. Lyctzna piasus, on the racemes of the Lupisus 
densiflora, and on the bracts of L. chamisonis after they 
have fruited, Lyc&na var. on the innersideof the unopened buds 
of the thyrse of the sEsciiliis californicus (Buckeye). Pyrameis 
carye, May 6th, on the leaves of Lupinus, upperside. JLyccena 
acmon, on or near the top buds of Hosackia parviflora. Ccenym- 
pha California, May 6th, on dried twigs near its food plant, 
Me/tea bubbosa (a grass). Thecla nelsonii, June gth, Liboccdrus 
dicurrens, always on the shaded side of the leaves. Ctenucha 
rubroscapus, July loth, on the stalks of Hosackia forrey a Alaria 
florida, July loth, Oenothera brenuis var. grandiflora, buds 
habits same as the eastern species. Hepialus lembertii, most any- 
where on the ground and in the edge of marmot holes, wet low' 
ground. Anthocharis lanceolata, on the fruit pods of the Arabis 
arcuata. Chrysophamcs mariposa, on the stalk and the under- 
side of the leaves of Vaccinium. Chrysophanus helloidcs, Oxytheca 
sp2ig2ih'na and Guzoppytum diffusum. Melit&a chalcedon, on 
Pentstemon brachycarpa and not gregarious like the high Sierra 
variety. 

o 

A CASE OF MIMICRY. 

By OTTO LUGGER. 

Among the many curious things encountered among insects 
few are more interesting than the mimicry shown by many of our 
pets. It almost seems as if some of them could actually distin- 
guish not simply between colors, but even between the most 
delicate shades of colors. Those that have hunted for Catocalce 
have reasons to feel certain that these showy moths know all 
about the colors of the upper surfaces of their front wings, and 
that they are perfectly able to select such portions of the bark of 
trees that harmonize and blend with them. We find the same 
thing among the Geometridae, only in this case the color of the 
upperside of both wings has to come into action, as these delicate 
moths rest with more or less expanded wings. Some years ago 
I accidently discovered a member of this family of moths that 
forms a most peculiar exception to this rule. While collecting 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 139 

certain kinds of grasses near Lake Harriet, a beautiful sheet of 
water in the suburbs of Minneapolis, and surrounded in part by 
a public park with tine roads for driving, I passed a large elm 
tree. Some ten feet from the ground was a small cavity in this 
tree, almost entirely hidden by an old spider-web. Happening 
to look upwards I observed a moth that was not yet represented 
in my collection, and acting upon the rule that a poor specimen 
is better than none, I rolled some stones against the tree to enable 
me to reach the specimen. As I was reaching for it the appar- 
ently dead insect took wings and disappeared. Of course this 
was decidedly unexpected, as the whole appearance of the moth 
was that of a dead one captured some time ago by a spider. 
Ruefully looking at the pile of stones, a monument to blasted 
hopes, I continued my search for grasses, yet the thought of 
having been duped by an insect rankled in my mind for over an 
hour, when I reached the conclusion that something had been 
wrong about these proceedings, and so I retraced my steps to 
make at least an attempt to solve the mystery. As good luck 
would have it, the same, or another specimen of the same kind, 
occupied the identical spot, apparently also dead. With great 
caution I approached and reached for the insect, when presto- 
it disappeared by suddenly flying around the tree, so that my 
eyes could not follow it or observe it settling. Knowing now that 
one or more of these moths must be in the vicinity I proceeded 
as if hunting for Catacolcz, by cutting oft" a twig full of leaves. 
This, however, wound up the affair in a most unexpected manner, 
as the rough voice of a policeman ordered me away, even threat- 
ened to arrest me for cutting off plants. Telling him why I had 
done so made little impression upon him, evidently not possess- 
ing any entomological inclinations, and I had to postpone further 
investigations until the following morning. Taking my boy along, 
and starting early, we found that the coast was clear, and not to 
offend again I used the twig cut off previously. The very first 
tree, when brushed with the twig, seemed to be alive with the de- 
sired moths, but they disappeared so rapidly among the other 
trees in the grove that none could exactly be spotted. I now re- 
mained stationary and had my boy flush other specimens, and by 
concentrating all attention upon one individual moth I saw it settle 
upon a tree and disappear. By continuing the work of flushing 
the moths I soon had an opportunity to see the whole operation 



140 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

performed right before my eyes. A nioth landed within two feet 
from me upon a tree, run rapidly a few inches, and disappeared. 
But as my eyes were upon the exact spot hiding was no longer 
of any avail, and the insect appeared as in the illustration given 
below, which is taken from a photograph. The moth after reach- 
ing the tree, would run to some projecting piece of bark that had 
a certain grayish color so common upon old elm-trees, then make 
a quarter turn, and folding its wings in a peculiar way upon the 
spot selected blended so well with it as to become invisible. 

This is not so well 
shown in the illustra- 
tion, as the dead insect, 
though fixed in the 
exact position, in dry- 
ing projected farther 
away from the bark 
than when alive. If 
fhjg geometer would 
rest in the normal posi- 
tion of such moths the 
color of the upper sur- 
face of all wings would be in contrast with the surface upon which 
it would be resting. Only the color and markings of the under- 
side of the lower wing, and a narrow margin of the upper edge 
of underside of upper wing, harmonize with the grayish spot 
mentioned before. These portions, therefore, must be dis- 
played, and all others must be hidden. The insect, by making 
a quarter turn, and by pushing the upper wings deeply between 
the lower ones effectually hides all colors not in harmony with 
the spot selected. This is peculiar enough, but as the colors 
upon the parts exposed vary to SQme extent, from very pale to 
dark, the insect in choosing a spot must select it accordingly. 
Of the hundreds of moths observed that morning, or until the 
policeman returned, none could be detected upon the trees if the 
spot upon which they settled was not carefully kept in sight. 
According to " Packard's Geometridae " this interesting moth is 
Marmopteryx gibbicostata Walk. 




Mrs. SLOSSON has returned to New York, and will doubtless soon see 
the Northern Hills at Franconia. N. H. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 141 

SOME NOTES ON AMERICAN SPHINGID/E. 

By W. SCHAUS. 

sEllopns titan Cr. and sEllopus tantalus Linn, can always be 
differentiated by the presence in the former species of the gray 
scales at the anal angle of the secondaries above. I have 
examined several hundred specimens of both species and have 
never found the slightest difficulty in separating them. I believe 
A^llopus fadus Cr. to be a distinct species which will be re dis- 
covered ere long. 

Madoryx pluto. 

Sphinx pluto Cr., Pap. Exot. iii, t. 216, E (1779). 

Hemeroplanes plutonius Hiibn., Verz. bek. Schmett. p. 133. 

Madoryx deborrei Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 155 (1875). 
Boisduval's M. deborrei is evidently the 9 of Cramer's 5". 
pluto; the identity was first suggested by Maassen in the Stettin 
Ent. Zeit. 1880, p. 68, and Mr. C. Oberthuris of the same opinion. 
I have recently received both sexes from Jalapa, Mexico, the spe- 
cies not having been previously recorded from Central America. 

Calliomma denticulata sp. nov. 

This species only differs from C. parctz Fabr. in having tin- 
outer margins of the primaries very denticulate, and I should 
hesitate to consider it a distinct species, had I not seen a second 
specimen in the Saunder's coll. at Oxford. Expands 63 mm. 

Hab. Jalapa, Mexico. 

Choerocampa eumedoa. 

Cheer, eumedon Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 272, 1875. 
Cheer, ortospo.na Druce, Amer. Nat. Hist. (6), iv, p. 77, rSSg. 
I have examined the types of eicmedon and ortospana, and find 
them identical. 

Pachylia resumens Walk, and Pachylia inconspicua Walk, are 
the same, the latter being a rather large female. 

Oryba achemenides. 

Sphinx achemenides Cr., Pap. Exot. iii, t. 225, C. (1779). 

Oryba robusta Walk., (nee. Bd.) Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. viii, p. 197 

(1856). 

As already stated by Mr. Druce in Amer. Nat. Hist. 1890, p. 
214, Cramer's and Walker's species are conspecific. 

Oryba kadenii. 

Pachylia kadenii Schauf., Nung. Otiosus i, p. 16 (1870). 
Pachylici robusta Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 135 (1875). 



142 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

Clanis imperialis Druce, B. Cent.-Amer. Heb. i, t. 3, f. i (1883). 
Oryba imperialis Druce, Amer. Nat. Hist. (6), v, p. 213 (1890). 

Amphonyx. 

In Novitates Zoologicae, vi, p. 91, the Hon. Walter Roths- 
child has added to the confusion already existing, in regard to 
the species of this genus, by failing to compare Boisduval's de- 
scriptions with the fig. on pi. v, of the Sphingidae. In the index 
to plate v, fig. i, is said to represent A. godartii, whereas in 
reality it is an excellent representation of A. beelzebnth, agreeing 
with the description and the type itself which I have examined in 
Mr. Oberthur's collection ; the species therefore stands: 

Amphonyx beelzebuth Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 63, t. 5, fig. i (wrongly 

named godartii in the index to plate). 

Amphonyx rivularis Druce, (nee. Butl.) B. Cent. -Am. Het. i, t. iii, f. 4. 
Amphonyx rivularis Butl., is a very distinct species, ranging 
from Mexico to southern Brazil. 

Amphonyx godartii. 

Amphonyx godartii Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 65 (1875). 
Cocytius affinis Rothsch., Nov. Zool. i, p. 92. 

In a long series of specimens from Mexico, Venezuela and 
Brazil, I can distinguish no difference. Possibly A. godartii is 
a synonym of A. duponchelii Poey, but I have no Cuban material, 
and the specimens so named in the B. M. seem distinct. 

Amphonyx medor. 

Sphinx medor Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv, t. 394, A. (1782). 

Amphonyx tapayusa Moon, Pr. Liverpool Soc. xxxvii, p. 245(1883). 
Typical specimens of A. tapayusa are in the coll. of E. D. 
Jones, Esq., and cannot be separated from specimens of A. 
medor, which I obtained ex larva at Jalapa, Mexico. 

Amphonyx walkeri. 

Amphonyx walkeri Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 67 (1875). 

Amphonyx standing eri Druce, Amer. Nat. Hist. (6), ii, p. 237 (1888). 

Cocytius magnificns Rothschild, Nov. Zool. i, p. 92, pi. vii, f. 21 (1894). 
Several specimens including the type of this fine species in the 
coll. of Mr. Oberthiir agree perfectly with A. standing eri and C. 
magnificus. 

Protoparce nicotianae. 

Sphinx nicotiancs Bd., Sp. Gen. Hist, i, p. 75 (1875). 
Protoparce jamaicensis Butl. Tr. Zool. Soc. Lond., ix, p. 608(1877). 
I have examined both types and find they represent the same 
species. 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 143 

Protoparce hannibal. 

Sphinx hannibal Cr., Pap. Ex. iii, t. 216, A (1779). 
Sphinx hamilcar Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 79 (1895). 
I have seen Boisduval's type of ^. hamilcar and agree with 
Mr. Oberthiir, who has placed it as a synonym of S. hannibal. 

Protoparce capsici. 

Sphinx capsici Bd., Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. So (1875). 
Psetidosphinx morelia Druce, Am. Nat. Hist. (6), xiii, p. 168 (1894). 
I have examined both types and they are identical. 

Sphinx lugens. 

Sphinx lugens Walk., Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. vili, p. 219 (1856). 
I believe this species has been wrongly identified in most 
American collections. The lugens of the Neumoegen collection 
is certainly not Walker's species. Correctly named specimens 
are in the collection of Prof. E. T. Owen, of Madison, Wis. 
Boisduval, Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 87, also wrongly considered his 
Sphinx merops, Lep. Guat. p. 73, as representing lugens of 
Walker. Sphinx merops Bd., is the northern form of Sphinx 
justicice WaAk.=Anter0s Men. and differs chiefly in the absence ot 
the small sub-dorsal orange spots which exist on the posterior 
portion of each abdominal segment in Sphinx jnsticia:, the 
Brazilian form. The true Sphinx lugens Walk, was unknown to 
Boisduval. In the Neumoegen collection I saw several speci- 
mens of Sphinx lugens Walk., I believe, under the name of 
andromedce^ and what stood under the name of lugens was a 
species which I had not seen previously, and may be eremitioides 
Strk., which would therefore be a good species. 

Sphinx andromedae. 

Sphinx andromedce Bd., Sp. Gen. i, p. 89, Lep. Guat. p. 74 (1870). 

Sphinx separatus Neum., Ent. Am. i, p. 92 (1885). 
I have specimens compared with the above types. Sphinx 
separatus is a trifle paler than my Mexican specimens of androm- 
edte, but they are inseparable. In the British Museum collec- 
tions, Sphinx andromedce stands as Sphinx leucophceata Clem., 
and if correctly identified, Clemen's name will have priority, but, 
personally, I believe that S. leucophceata is a northern form of 
Sphinx lanceolata Felder, which is common in the State of Vera 
Cruz, Mexico. 

Sphinx reevii. 

reevii Druce, Ent. Mo. Mag. xix, p. 18. 1882. 



144 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

Sphinx baruta Berg., Am. Soc. Argent, xv, p. 151, 1883. 

Sphinx cossoides Rothsch., Nov. Zool. i, p. 94, pi. vii, f. 22, 1894. 
On page 542 of vol. i, of "Novitate-s Zoologicae," Mr Roths- 
child calls attention to the identity of his S. cossoides with Hy- 
loicus reevii Druce, but he does not give the complete synonymy. 

Lapara bombycoides. 

Lapara boinbycoides Wlk., Cat. Lep. Het. B. M. viii, p. 232 (1856). 

Ellema harrisii Clem., Journ. Ac. Nat. Sc. Phil, iv, p. 188 (1856). 
After carefully comparing my own specimens and those of the 
B. M. with Walker's type in the Saunder's coll. at Oxford, I can 
find not even varietal reasons for separating the above. 

Dilophonota msrianas. 

Erinnyis meriance Grote, Pr. Ent. Soc. Phil, v, p. 75, t. 2, f. 2, 1885. 
Anceryx omphalecs Bd., Lep. Guat. p. 72 (1870). 
With the exception of Prof. J. B. Smith, in his monograph of 
the Sphingidee of N. A., the English writing Entomologists have 
failed to notice that Boisduval himself draws attention to the 
above synonymy in the Sp. Gen. Het. i, p. 128. As mentioned 
by Mr. Rothschild in Nov. Zool. i, p. 541, D. w^rzVzw^ is a race 
ot D. lassauxii Bd., Anceryx lassauxii Bd., Bui. Soc. Ent. 
France (3), vii, p. 157(1859), which has the secondaries entirely 
black, all intermediate forms being found. 

Dilophonata alope. 

Sphinx alope Dru., 111. Ex. Ent. i, t. 27, fig. i (1773). 
Sphinx fasciata Swains., Zool. 111. iii, t. 150, f. 2 (1823). 
Auceryx edwardsii But!., Papilio i, p. 105 (iSSi). 
The above represent our species, which is extremely abundant 
throughout tropical America. 



-o- 



CALIFORNIA LEPIDOPTERA. 

By MAX ALBRIGHT, Military Home, Los Angeles Co. 

The December number of the ENT. NEWS contains a complaint 
that so few specimens are entering cabinets, which is very much 
to be regretted. As for myself, my hobby is Lepidoptera, and 
having taken up my neglected studies, only two years ago, I 
have explored the vincinity of this Home, and between Los 
Angeles and Santa Monica to some extent, and send a list of 
some which were taken by myself and which have been identified 
either by Dr. H. Strecker, of Reading, Pa., or by Prof. H. H. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

Behr, M.D., Vice-President of the California Academy of 
Sciences, San Francisco, Cal. 

Papilio rutulus, 

" eurymedon, 
Pieris protodice, 

' ' chloridice, 
Anthocharis sara, 
. \l, -^anostoma eurydice, 
Colias ettrytheine, 
Lyccena acmon, 

" sczpium, 

' ' arota, 

Apodeinia var. virgulty, 
Oiaris guadeloupe, 
Danais plexippus, 
Agraulis vanilcs, 
Argynnis coronis, 
Mclitcsa gabbii, 

chalcedona, 
Vanessa satyrus, 
anfiopa, 

Pyrameis atalanta, 
cardui, 
carye, 

Jiinouia ccenia. 
Limenitis lorquini, 
" bredowii, 
Satyrtis sthenele, 
" silvestris, 



Pamphi/a cauipestris, 

Pyrgus syrichtus, 

Nisoniades tristis, 
cattillns, 

M. quitique inaciilata. 

M. cinffit/afn, 

Deilcphila lineata, 

Ctenncha bninnea, 

Lycomorplia iniiiiata, 

Arctia autheola, 
" arizonensis, 
" acr&a, 

Arachnis picta, 

Halisidofa macu/ata, 

Cossus robinicz, 

P/usia gamma, v. calif ornica, 
biloba, 

Harpyia occidentalis, 

Heliothis anniger, 

Cidaria californiata, 

Homaptera liitiata, 

Agrotis samia, 

tamlifera and several un- 
identified, 

Eutrepela nubilata, 

Tetrads trux-iliata, 
crgrotata, 

Azelina huberniaua. 



Ccenonympha California, 

These are a few ; the last eighteen -months have been very bad 
for collecting on account of the great drought, which was broken 
by a good rail fall on the 5th and 6th inst. 



-O- 



Popular Entomology A Chase for a Butterfly. 

There was a tradition among the young lepidopterists of the 
American Entomological Society, (1883) that some of the old 
members long since dead, and if still collecting, they are doing 
so in another sphere, had the pleasure of taking that delicate and 
pretty little orange-tipped butterfly, Anthocharis gemdia. There 
were two localities mentioned, one was the bank of the Delaware, 
near Westviile, N. J., and the other to the west of the Quaker 



146 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

City, a place called Fox Chase. You all know that great desire 
to possess what we do not have, which is so strongly developed 
in the enthusiastic naturalist and collector. We wanted "the 
orange tip," and we wanted it badly. The time to look for it 
was in, the Spring, when all nature was smiling and budding into 
life again. It was the time when the great shad seine was being 
hauled in, and we frequently watched this interesting process 
while looking for the butterfly on the white flowers ( Cerastium 
arvense) which grew along the river bank. This locality was 
collected over for a number of years in the early Spring, but 
without success. It was in the year 1889 that at last we were 
rewarded; it was the 6th of May, and the day was still, clear and 
warm. Two specimens were taken: one was beautifully fresh and 
and not long from the chrysalis and the other faded and torn. 
We were paid for our trouble at last, but the reward was not 
very great, yet we were happy in having obtained the species in 
our own territory. The captured specimens were females, and 
the female lacks the orange tip to the wings, being entirely white. 
A few years after (1892) we succeeded in discovering a locality 
that has since given us our supply of this species. Having a num- 
ber of botanical friends who went out on weekly excursions 
around the surrounding country, we asked one of them who was 
a good observer of such things, to keep a lookout for this insect. 
He reported seeing the species in some abundance near a place 
on the Perkiomen Creek called Arcola. This is twenty-eight 01 
thirty miles from Philadelphia, and the train leaves very early in 
the morning. Of course we determined to go for them the very 
next day if the weather was suitable. Arising early in the morning 
we found the day everything that need be desired. The money 
invested in an excursion ticket, would have paid for the NEWS 
for a whole year, but we were willing to take some chances on 
the result, even if it became necessary to make an assignment 
afterward. The ride was an interesting one ; we passed much 
historic ground, including Washington's headquarters at Valley 
Forge. We changed cars, taking the little narrow gauge rail- 
road that runs along the picturesque Perkiomen. It was the 
morning of May the gth, 1892, that this little trip was taken, and it 
was nine o'clock in the morning when we stepped off the cars at 
the little station at Arcola. Our net was gotten in order; cyanide 
jar in readiness and the chase began. The old bridge was crossed, 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 147 

and according to directions we passed the flour-mill on the east 
side of the stream and made for the thick woods that covers the 
hills along the creek. Beyond the mill, as might be supposed, the 
first thing seen was the ubiquitous sign No TRESPASSING; next 
on the list in the usual order was the hamlet cur which made all 
the noise it knew how; next was the old man himself, but he said 
nothing, so we mustered up courage and made for the kindly 
shelter of the woods beyond. The banks of the creek run up for 
a height of 100 to 150 feet above the stream and are quite heavily 
wooded, and it was in this woods, and in a rather open thicket in 
the centre of it that we were told our coveted butterfly was to be 
found. We wandered around through the woods, and up and 
down the banks, but not a sign of an Anthocharis was seen. We 
were disconsolate; here v was a day wasted 31 miles from home 
and our dollar gone. But fortunately there was a good time 
coming; about ten o'clock a small butterfly was seen flying close 
to the ground, and moving along in a fairly straight line with a 
quick flutering flight; it was netted on the wing, and we had the 
pleasure of taking our first orange-tip, a fine Anthocharis 
genutia. 

From this on, they flew in some abundance, and were seen in 
a number of directions, traveling along, close to the ground, after 
their peculiar habit. While making a downward stroke of the 
net it came in contact with the sharp end of a broken off sapling, 
which was not noticed in the grass and weeds. Now here was 
misery ; orange-tips coming in many directions and a big hole 
torn in the bottom of the net. Fortunately we had our surgical 
pocket close along and the rent was sewed up with a surgical 
needle and iron dyed silk. To make a long story short, twenty- 
eight specimens were caught in a few hours, and we took the 
train for home, weary but happy, and now beautiful specimens 
of the orange-tip grace our cabinets. 



-o- 



COCOON MIMICRY. 

By RICHARD E. KUNZE, M.D., New York. 

The discovery of an albino cocoon in the folds of an American 

silk flag, as well as a number of others varying in tints from that 

of a light-colored barrel stave to a dark-brown cocoon spun up 

under circumstances, which left no doubt in my mind, that it was 



148 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

for the purpose of protective mimicry, led me to write up this 
very interesting subject. On May 30, 1894, I removed two 
small silk flags standing with a number of others in the corner 
of a room kept for plants and pupae during Winter, with a view 
of placing there in a window in commemoration of Decoration 
Day. One of the flags would not unfurl, and to my surprise 
found a white cocoon of the hybrid ex Attacus ceanothi et A. 
ceoropia, spun up between the white bars of the silk a perfect 
albino of the fleeciest white silk. This cocoon contained a larva, 
which perished during the transformatory period nearly a year 
ago. This larva escaped from one of several apple barrels in 
which full-grown larvae of my hybrids had been placed with a 
quantity of food-plant there to transform. Barrels were covered 
with cheese-cloth and fastened with cotton twine. 

All the other cocoons of both of my hybrids ex ceanothi et 
cecropia and ex Columbia cecropia* which were spun up on 
branches of choke cherry (Primus serotina], very nearly resem- 
bled the color of those twigs, or a little darker than a light um- 
ber-brown. A few cocoons were spun up to the cheese-cloth and 
others to the side of the barrel near the top of each barrel. 

These cocoons were ever so much lighter in color, and that 
portion of cocoon adhering to barrel was the counterpart of color 
of the maple staves, while the part fastened to the cheese-cloth 
agreed in tint with unbleached muslin. It will be seen that some 
of the cocoons were of two different tints, according to position 
where attached. Cocoons spun up against the cloth were of 
quite the same color, and of these I had altogether about ten in 
number. Cocoons found attached to barrel staves were of the 
color of the wood, and of such I -had from fifteen to twenty in 
all. When found adhering both to cloth and wood, two tints 
protective in every way were the result. 

The cheese-cloth was a little soiled from frequent use over the 
barrels in which the larvae were raised in my cellar. When 
larvae were full grown they were transferred to other barrels 
on top floor of house, and each of the barrels contained from 
ninety to one hundred larvae. Of ceanothi et cecropia there were 
three hundred and eighteen cocoons, and of Columbia et cecropia 

* Cocoons of Columbia et cecropia were all, when attached to stem of food-plant, a 
shade or two darker than similar ones of ceanothi et cecropia. But when former were 
attached to barrel these cocoons were of a protective color. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 149 

only thirty-two cocoons, having from accident lost the most of 
my young larvae of the last mentioned hybrid. 

June n, 1894, I found another cocoon made by an escaped 
larva out of one of the barrels, and very forcibly illustrating 
protective mimicry. I espied on the pine-floor of my plant-room, 
close by a bundle of printed American flags, tacked onto 
plain white pine sticks which had been undisturbed since New 
York's Columbus Celebration more than a year ago, a small 
female hybrid of ccanothi et cecropia. I failed to account for its 
presence there, having in January previous removed all of the 
hybrid cocoon to my office below. I examined the bundle of 
flags, untying the sticks, and there found between two of the 
pine- wood sticks a cocoon attached to the wood of both, and in 
color not distinguishable from the wood. I cut off that portion 
of those two sticks, leaving the cocoons in situ, which I sent to 
the editor of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for preservation and future 
use, the same as I had previously done with other cocoons illus- 
trating Cocoon Mimicry. By thus clinching the nail of necessary 
evidence, we escape the carpings of cynics, who like to argue 
from a more hypothetical point of view. Regarding color, I 
would say, that this last discovery, illustrative of cocoon mimicry, 
resembles cream-color more than any other, and compares favor- 
bly with cocoons of my hybrids found attached to the cheese- 
cloth cover of barrels. 

I am sorry now that I did not preserve all of my light-colored 
cocoon or pupae-cases found, and illustrating so forcibly the claim 
advanced in this paper. Many of those cocoons spun up to the 
cheese-cloth and barrelstaves, I sent out to my numerous foreign 
and native exchanges, along with darker ones found on stems of 
Prunes serotina. Dark cocoons were never found attached to 
side of barrel, and such of the dark ones, which spun up in the 
cellar before larvae could be removed, were of the same shade as 
those found on food-plant in the barrels of upper part of house. 

In further evidence of Cocoon- Mimicry \ I must report another 
find of an albino cocoon of Cerura multiscripta, which I reared 
from a collected larvae the first week of July, and from which 
emerged a perfect imago during the last week of same month in 
1894. This cocoon was spun up between inch-strips of white 
blotting paper and the sides of a glass-jar used for breeding cage 
of Cerura. The strips of paper were placed between cover and 



5* 



150 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

body of jar for purposes of ventilation, The larva had scraped 
off bits of blotting paper, mixing it with its oral secretion until 
plastic enough for house-building purposes. A light coating of 
this material was glued to the sides of the glass jar, and the rest 
was forced out toward the inner space of the cage, making a cell 
with a very convex wall. In other words, this larva ate its way 
into the middle of a strip of very thick blotting paper, throwing 
out the particles removed in the shape of a cell-wall, until it found 
space sufficient for transforming into a paper. The latter was 
plainly visible from outside of the jar, but not from opposite side. 
The thin coating was with difficulty removed from the glass so 
as not to mutilate the cocoon, and the latter I forwarded to Dr. 
Henry Skinner, editor of ENT. NEWS. Other cocoons of C. 
imiltiscripta reared in the same cage, were of the usual color and 
firmness, a kind of wood -brown and strongly made from the 
woody fibre of willow bark. Before I knew how to raise larvae 
of various species of Centra to pupation, and had not provided 
cage with canes of food-plant of sufficient thickness for larva to 
gnaw out a "concavity to form the rear wall of its cell, they inva- 
riably perished, and would not favor me by utilizing strips of 
blotting paper. 



ATTENDING the Farmers' Institute last week I was much interested in the 
(Prof. A. J. Cook) lecture on Insects. To-day we have been observing a 
phenomenon that is entirely new to me. At about nine o'clock A.M. our 
attention was attracted to a remarkable flight of butterflies. Our grove is 
bordered on the east and west sides by high close-set cypress trees. On 
the western side these trees stand about thirty feet from the first row of 
large orange trees. There was a stream of butterflies down this lane from 
the south to the north. This lane is about eighty rods long; a barn stands 
so as to cut it in two about twenty rods from the avenue. The flight was 
rapid, and continued until three P.M. From nine until twelve M., as nearly 
as we could count and estimate, 200 butterflies passed each minute. After 
twelve the hedge cast a shade over the open space, but there were large 
numbers passing. At two o'clock we counted about fifty per minute. 
At four o'clock, only an occasional butterfly could be seen. I enclose you 
some specimens. A very good description is found in "The Natural His- 
tory of New York." Pyrameis cardui. The colors do not correspond 
exactly, but the markings are quite accurately described. Now this may 
be of no particular interest to you, from the fact that it may be common, 
but to me it was a novel sight. GEO. D. FARNHAM, Riverside, Cal. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent.. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION 1.00, IN ADVANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

figg" All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., MAY, 1895. 

LABELING INSECTS. 

A NEW collecting season is about to open, indeed for a number of our 
subscribers it has already commenced, and we have had the pleasure of 
receiving specimens taken during March. Our attention is constantly 
called to the utter carelessness of most collectors in regard to putting 
proper data on their specimens, whether pinned or in papers. Too many 
are satisfied with the single label "mundus." We are thoroughly con- 
vinced that a specimen labeled "mundus" is depreciated in value from 
50 to 75 per cent. If the specimen is a mounted one there are two things 
that should invariably be on the PIN ; one is the EXACT locality where 
captured, and the other is the date of capture. It is not safe to have the 
date and exact locality on the name label as this gives an opening or 
chance for error. If on the pin it always travels with the insect and is 
part and parcel of it. I think that a number of our large collections made 
in the past will lose much of their value on account of insufficient data 
with the specimens, as our studies are largely biological and many of the 
problems of the future will be solved by accurate studies of distribution 
and the appearance of species and broods. Entomology has passed 
beyond the time when the mere arrangement of the named specimens in 
the cabinet was the end of all work. It wont do either to merely put on 
a specimen the name of the State where captured. There is an exceed- 
ingly interesting and valuable paper on this subject by T. D. A. Cockerell 
(Can. Ent. vol. xxi, p. 46) which we wish all entomologists could read, 
as Mr. Cockerell says, many do not realize what only a State locality 
may mean. " It may mean distinct zoo-geographical regions, any altitude 
from (in Colorado) 4000 to 14,000 feet, an area of 103,948 square mile s 



152 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

That Colorado may mean snowy peaks, mountain forests or valleys, or 
level treeless plains, each presenting a distinct fauna of its own," Also 
we frequently depend on data for additional specimens, but if we have 
no such date we are at a loss. A number of times we have directed col- 
lectors how to get good things by looking up the data, but in many case^ 
this could not be done as the author or the original collector was satisfied 
with giving the insect as found in Texas for instance (area 274,356 square 
miles), or in many cases the locality label was only " rhundus." 



THE latest album of the American Entomological Society, contains the 
pictures of D. S. Kellicott, J. B\ Lembert, F. E. Blaisdell, W. R. Reinicke, 
G. B. King, J. L. Hancock, Edw. Norton, P. P. Calvert, A. J. Snyder, 
B. Neumoegen, W. B. Alwood, Wm. Grey, O. S. Westcott, C. H. T. 
Townsend, W. A. Nason, Herman Aich, F. Rauterberg, and room for 
more. 



IN a recent letter, Mr. Wm. Schaus states that Mr. Herbert Druce in- 
formed him that he had lately received several specimens of Eudryas 
Stae Johcinnis Walker, from Mexico. This will be of interest to American 
Entomologists. 

MOUFFET, referring to Feas, makes the following observations: "The 
lesser, leaner and younger they are, the sharper they bite ; the fat ones 
being more inclined to tickle and play; and then are not the least plague, 
especially when in greater numbers, since they molest men that are sleeping 
and trouble wearied and sick persons, from whom they escape by skipping; 
for as soon as they find they are arraigned to die, and feel the finger com- 
ing, on a sudden they are gone, and leap here and there, and so escape 
the danger; but so soon as day breaks, they forsake the bed. They then 
creep into the rough blankets, or hide themselves in rushes and dust, lying 
in ambush for pigeons, hens and other birds, also for men and dogs, moles 
and mice, and vex such as passe by." -Theatre of Insects, p. 102. 

AT a time when there were great swarms of Locusts in China, as we 
learn from Navarette, the Emperor went out into his gardens, and taking 
up some of these insects in his hands, thus spoke to them: The people 
maintain themselves on wheat, rice, etc. ; you come to devour and destroy 
it, without leaving anything behind; it were better you should devour my 
bowels than the food of my subjects. Having concluded his speech, the 
monarch was about to put them in a fair way of " devouring his bowels" 
by swallowing them, when some that stood by telling him they were 
venomous, he nobly answered, "I value not my life when it is for the good 
of my subjects and people to lose it," and immediately swallowed the 
insects. History tells us the locusts that very moment took wing, and went 
off without doing any more damage ; but whether or not the heroic Em- 
peror recovered, leaves us in ignorance. Cowan's Curious Facts. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 153 

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B. SMITH, Sc. D., New Brunswick, N. J. 



THE SAN JOSE SCALE. No. 4, of volume vii of "Insect Life," con- 
tains an article on this subject by Mr. L. O. Howard, in which he adds to 
the life-history of the insect, gives a. record of what insecticide experi- 
ments have been made and states the distribution of the species so far 
as known at the present time. An interesting suggestion is made that 
possibly the scale is confined to the upper austral fauna in the East, and 
that it will not trespass to any extent upon the transition regions. The 
facts so far as we know them in New Jersey support this, because in spite 
of all my inquiries, I have not found any trace of the scale north of the 
Red Shale, and this in New Jersey certainly marks a distinct region. In 
fact this shale, upon which New Brunswick is situated, seems to belong 
to a distinctly more northern faunal region than many points further north; 
but interesting as this speculation may be, it is not what I intended to 
say on this subject. Mr. Howard has again pointed out that the scale 
was largely distributed from New Jersey, and his conclusions seems to be 
that the insect has so well established itself that we can scarcely hope i<> 
exterminate it ; that is, it occurs in so many different places that it will 
remain unnoticed in some until it gets beyond practical control. It is 
possible that Mr. Howard is right, and 1 have been regretfully forced 
toward the same conclusion, without being thereby induced to cease 
efforts looking towards its extermination. The location of the New Jer- 
sey nurseries has been published in the agricultural journals, and. as 
nothing can be gained by concealment, much may be gained by a plain 
statement of the facts as they exist at the present time. 

Plum Trees bearing the scales were introduced into New Jersey at about 
the same time by the Messrs. Parry, at Parry, Burlington County, N. J., 
and by the J. T Lovett Co., at Little Silver, Monmouth County, N. J. 
These two localities are at opposite sides of the State, the one near the 
Delaware, the other close to the Atlantic Coast; both are on approxi- 
mately the same formation, although Little Silver is more than 2o // north 
of Parry. At Little Silver all the infested trees were grown one year, 
some of them longer, in a plot upon which was a long row of bearing 
Bartlett pear trees. The original plum trees were used to bud from, some 
were sold and all have long since disappeared; but .from them the prar 
trees became infested. This row of bearing pear trees has been the point 
from which the nursery stock in the vicinity has been annually infested. 
At the time when I first saw the trees in the Spring of 1894, they were 
literally covered to the extreme tip of the twigs with the scale; it seemed 
as if there was scarcely room for another insect to fasten itself anywhere 
upon the bark, and many of the trees were practically dead. Mr. Lovett 
had already directed that these be taken out ; not because they were 



154 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

scaly, because that he had not realized, but simply because they were 
dying and of no further use. When I pointed out that every one was 
badly infested, he directed that they be all cut down and burned. This 
direction was carried out, because on a later visit I found that the trees 
had disappeared. In a large block of apple, pear, quince, plum and other 
fruit trees, not far from these bearing trees, I found the scales scattered 
everywhere; scarcely a plant was entirely free, while none was very badly 
infested. It was a general seeding down and at that time the larvse were 
moving about. I pointed this out to Mr. Lovett and warned him of the 
danger in sending the trees out. He promised not to do so without treat- 
ment, and I arranged that later in the season I would again visit the 
nursery that I might see just how matters stood. This visit was made 
after mid-summer, and I found an increase in the number of scales on the 
nursery stock, found the original source of infection gene, and discovered 
the scales on a few other trees in another part of the nursery. These 
trees were destroyed by Mr. Lovett, and there remained then only < ne 
block upon which the San Jos6 Scale existed. After consultation with 
Mr. Howard concerning the practical details of gas treatment of nursery 
stock I recommended a fumigating box in which all the trees should be 
exposed to the gas before being sent out. February 22nd I again visi'.ed 
the nurseries with Mr. Collingwood, of the Rural New Yorker, and at his 
request. The stock had all been removed from the infested plot, and the 
apple trees, comprising much the greatest proportion of the number, 
were heeled in close by, in trenches. Mr. Lovett showed us the box con- 
structed according to my suggestion, and which was suitable for the pur- 
pose, and stated that everything on that block had been fumigated. An 
examination of the scales on a considerable number of the apple trees 
indicated that the application had been successful. According to the fore- 
man, who had actually attended to the work, the exposure to the action 
of the gas had been between one and one-half and two hours, and the 
amount of cyanide used was fully up to the amount recommended. I did 
not find a single living scale insect in the C9urse of the examination made 
by me. All that I examined were white and flattened ; none of them 
' plump and yellow : nowhere could I get any appearance of life. It was, 
of course, a physical impossibility that I should examine each of the five 
or six thousand trees in the trenches ; but I did examine trees here and 
there at different parts of the rows and made a point, as far as possible, 
of examining the scales where they were grouped most densely, and 
would be naturally most difficult to destroy. I believe that the treatment 
was as nearly successful as one treatment can ever be ; but asked Mr. 
Lovett, as a matter of extra precaution, to fumigate again before sending 
out the stock, which he promised to do. The other stock that had been 
upon this nursery block had been in great part sold, but there yet remained 
a considerable number of pear trees of different varieties. These I found 
to be infested, and on these, though according to Mr. Lovett's stateim-nt, 
they had been treated as had the apple trees, the scales were alive. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 155 

There was no question of this, because everywhere plump, yellow insects 
were found under their scaly covering, and I could scarcely believe that 
they had been actually exposed to the gas; if they had, the work must 
have been so carelessly done as to be absolutely ineffective. The ground 
at this time was frozen solid, and Mr. Lovett had his man chop out with 
a hatchet those that I found were scaly, and he finally promised to de- 
stroy all the trees that had come from that particular block, except the 
apple trees already examined and found practically free from danger. 
Now, as a matter of fact, without almost criminal carelessness the scales 
can be completely exterminated in this nursery during the present season. 
It needs only the destruction of such stock as remains on hand at this 
time. There are no bearing trees that are infested with the scale; yet 
Mr. Lovett, as a matter of extra precaution, has declared that he will cut 
out what few remain in the nursery. If this is done, I see no reason why 
any stock grown in the future on this land should not be entirely safe and 
free from the scale. 

The situation of Parry is somewhat different, and yet the history is 
nearly the same. Here also plum trees were imported from California, 
and these were infested by the scale. The trees remained in the nursery 
rows for two or three years, and were used to bud from. They never 
did well and were eventually taken out and destroyed ; but the mischief 
had been done; the scales had spread from them to bearing trees in the 
vicinity. Fruit growing is a very important feature on the Parry farms, and 
a considerable acreage of trees soon became seriously infested. In the 
home orchards the ground is utilized to the greatest possible extent and 
low plants and shrubs are grown in portions of it. Among others currants, 
both black and white, became very seriously infested by the scale. \Ve 
had, therefore, an abundant supply of sources from which nursery stock 
could become infested year after year ; and this actually took place. 
When the Messrs. Parry realized that their orchards were so badly infested 
and that the nursery stock was also well spotted over, several blocks of 
valuable trees were taken out entirely and burnt, without any attempt 
made to treat them. Certain other varieties that did not seem to be badly 
troubled were left, with the idea that they might be treated and saved. 
I visited the nurseries at intervals during the Summer, and during this 
time a number of experiments were made as to the possibility of using 
the kerosene emulsion successfully against the scales. To some extent 
the applications were advantageous, especially where made when the 
larva- were active, or just after they had set and before the scale had 
become impenetrable. But it was found that this was a very unreliable 
method and I advised making a Winter campaign ; which sugges- 
tion was adopted for nursery stock, before it was sent out, the gas treat- 
ment was advised, and on February 26th, when I last visited nurseries, 
almost all that was heeled in had been thoroughly treated and on it I did 
not find living scales. Some parts of rows had not yet been fumigated 
and there plenty of living sc des were found, showing at once a strong 



156 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

contrast between treated and untreated portions. The fumigation had 
been interfered with by the heavy storms which had piled up the snow 
in such a way as to prevent practical work with the tent that had been 
constructed to cover the plants in the trenches. In heeling in the stock 
had been blocked in such a way as to make it convenient to cover for 
purpose of fumigation, and I believe that the treatment, so far as applied, 
has been successful. In the nursery rows many of the one year old shoots 
were more or less scaly, and all these had been thoroughly treated with 
caustic potash, every stick having been separately washed with a solution 
of about one pound, or more, in a gallon of water. The application was 
so severe that of some varieties a large proportion was killed, while in 
others there seemed little or no injury. As against the scale it had not 
been entirely successful, so there remain a number of one year old trees 
in the nursery rows that require further treatment. The scales have been 
so thinned down, however, that there is little chance of their spreading 
from the points at which they now exist. Many of the worst infested 
bearing trees, and especially those that were in the nursery plots have 
been cut down and burnt. In the orchard close by the trees have been 
cut back to the trunks and larger branches, and these have been so thor- 
oughly washed, that there is no present danger of a spread from them, 
even if destruction has not been absolute. In providing for a new supply 
of trees the infested territory will be entirely abandoned and new land 
distant from bearing trees has been selected. Practically the two nurser- 
ies in New Jersey which originally distributed the scales are now the 
safest places to buy stock, and I believe that there will be no danger from 
any stock grown by them in the future. It will take some time to exter- 
minate the scale completely on the Parry place; not on their nursery land 
so much as in their orchards. The 'nursery land can be, and will be, en- 
tirely cleared, leaving no scaly shoots or plants. The orchards cannot be 
in bearing condition again for two or three years to come, and this will 
give opportunity for the most radical kind of treatment to be applied to 
the trunk and branches. 

Now a few words on the applications that have been made, and on the 
success attending them. Practically the fish-oil soaps has been most 
satisfactory, when used at the rate suggested by Mr. Howard two 
pounds in one gallon of water which is also the proportion recom- 
mended by me. 1 have received, within the past weeks, samples of twigs 
from a badly infested orchard, and on these I have failed to find living 
scales. Of the many hundreds which I turned over and examined under 
a good dissecting microscope, I found not one that showed the least trace 
of life. The treatment had been with a soap made by the farmer himself. 
He writes that he used " 5 pounds of seal oil to one can of Lewis's lye, 
mixed according to directions which came with the lye. It made soap 
immediately. This I dissolved according to directions in Bulletin, two 
pounds of soap to a gallon of water, and applied with a whitewash brush 
on the gth of this (third) month. I treated a few trees about four davs 



IS95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 157 

previous to this which I gave a second coat on the Qth, as there had been 
a rain the next night after the application." I received, at my request, 
specimens of the worst infested twigs, on which the scales were massed 
so as to conceal the bark entirely, and here also I failed to find a single 
living insect. I do not believe that we need quite despair of eradicating 
the scale, provided we can bring the farmers to a realizing sense of the 
importance of the matter, and this I think can be done in New Jersey at 
least. 



Notes and 

ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 

OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in each case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence.as to make it necessary to put "copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five "extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on fhe MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



No\v READY. The new Supplement to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera 
of America north of Mexico, has been completed, and will be mailed on 
receipt of price, 5O cents per copy. Application for copies should be 
made to the Treasurer. See advertisement elsewhere. 

Mr. PHILIP LAURENT contemplates a Spring collecting trip to Florida. 

THE COTTON SCALE INSECT. In 1856, Fitch described as a new spe- 
cies, Aspidiotus gossypii, found at Ningpo, China. This insect has not 
been seen since, but the short description might apply to immature speci- 
mens of some Chionaspis or Diaspis. All things considered, I should 
prefer to place it in the former genus, pending its rediscovery on the origi- 
nal food-plant at the original locality, or an examination of the types if 
they still exist. The purpose of this note is partly to draw attention to the 
species, and perhaps so lead to its re-discovery; but also to protest against 
the introduction of the name into our faunal lists, by Mr. Ashmead, as an 
Aleyrodes. (Ins. Life, vol. vii, p. 323). What possible reason there can 
be for identifying an Aleyrodes from Mississippi with Fitch's Chinese in- 
sect, I cannot imagine. 

As having some bearing on the matter, I may add that at Kingston, 
Jamaica, I found numbers of Chionaspis minor Mask., and Diaspis 
amygdali form /anafus, on stems of cotton, mixed together. The orange- 
red rf of Diaspis were hatching on Aug. 8, 1892. T. D. A. COCKERELL. 



158 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

Mr. .CHAS. LIKBECK expects to make a Hying trip to the South this 
month, and hopes to have a few days in the mountains of east Tennessee, 
looking for Cychrus. 

THE Sandwich Islands have the following tradition in regard to the 
introduction of Fleas into their country : Many years ago a woman from 
Waimea went out to a ship to see her lover, and as she was about to return, 
he gave her a bottle, saying that there was very little valuable property 
(ivaiwai) contained in it, but that she must not open it, on any account, 
until she reached the shore. As soon as she gained the beach, she eagerly 
uncorked the bottle to examine her treasure, but nothing was to be dis- 
covered. the fleas hopped out, and "they have gone on hopping and biting 
ever since." Jenkirf s Voy. U. S. Explor. Exped., p. 385. 

IN going through my field book, I find a little incident recorded about 
the tenacity of life, of a Pap. tin nits larva which may be of interest to 
some Lepidopterists. 

Sometime in July last, a friend of mine from here visited in Vermont, 
and knowing my fondness for anything pertaining to natural history, 
procured a larva, which as he said, was in the act cf covering part of the 
underside of a leaf with a silky substance ; this was on Aug. ist. Not 
having a suitable receptacle on hand,. he took leaf and larva, arriving at 
the house, put the larva, which, in the^meantime, had crawled off the leaf- 
in a little wooden barrel-shaped box and temporarily, as he thought, in his 
trunk; being that very day called to some place in Connecticut, forgot all 
about the larva, and returned home on Aug. iStli. In opening his trunk 
came across the box, which he post haste brought to me. We found the 
larva, which proved to be a turnus minus food, still alive, but greatly 
reduced in size. Turnus is rather scarce around Elkhart, although in 
beating the basswood for Sap. vestita and lateralis I have sometimes found 
the larva. I was anxious of finding out what the result would be of so 
long a confinement without food and shut up in an almost air-tight box. 
Procuring food and comfortable quarters in my vivarium, it nevertheless 
refused to eat, and died on Aug. 24th. Now, I think under the conditions 
the larva was kept, it is remarkable that it survived so long. 

P. J. WEITH. 



Identification of Insects (Imagos) for Subscribers. 

Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL Niiws, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 159 

Entomological Literature. 



1. THE ANNAI.S AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY. London, 
March, 1895. On the formation of new colonies by Termes Inci/ H^IIS, }. 
Perez (transl. from Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris). 

2. LE NATURALISTE CANADIEN. Chicoutimi, Quebec, March, 1895. 
Our insect friends and insect foes, Rev. T. \V. Fyles. 

3. FLOWERS AND INSECTS by Charles Robertson. No. xii [Clematis, 
Ranunculus, etc.] Botan. Gazette, xix, 3, March, 1894. Rosacese and 
Compositse, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis, vi, 14, April 26, 1894. No. xiii 
[Dodecatheon, etc.] Bot. Gazette xx, 3, March, 1895. 

4. BULLETINO DELLA SOCIETA ENTOMOLOGICA ITALIANA, XXvi, 2. 

Florence, June 27, 1894. Studies on ants of the neotropical fauna, C. 
Emery, 4 pis. Hymenopterological notes ii, G. Gribodo. Revision of 
the European species of the family of the mosquitoes (cont.), E. Ficalbi. 
3-4, Feb. 15, 1895. On a species of Lac from Madagascar and th<_- in- 
sect living within, with observations on red lac from India and its insect, 
and on some other lacs, etc., A. Targioni-Tozzetti, figs. 

5. REVUE BIOLOGIQUE DU NORD DE LA FRANCE, vii, 4. Lille, January, 
1895. Remarks on the comparative anatomy of the last segments of the 
body of the Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and Hemiptera, A. Peytoureau. 
< )n the normal habitat in the stems of cereals of an accidental parasite 
of man, Pediculoides tritici, R. Moniez. 

6. THE GEOLOGICAL MAGAZINE. London, March, 1895. The Miocene 
insect fauna of Oeningen, Baden, S. H. Scudder, i pi. 

7. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER. Leipsic, March n, 1895. On the bi- 
ology and classification of the tree lice (Lachninae Pass, partim) of the 
\Yeichsel region, A. Mordvvilko. March 25, 1895. On the knowledge of 
the myrmecophilous and termitophilous Arthropods, E. Wasmann. On 
a new parasite of mammals, G. Canestrini. 

S. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, viii, 5, Febru- 
ary, 1895 (received March 26, 1895). A monograph of Scytonolits, O. F. 
and A. C. Cook, 4 pis. 

9. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD. London, March 15, 1895. Col- 
lecting Noctuidae by Lake Erie, A. R. Grote. Notes on butterfly pupae, 
with some remarks on the phylogenesis of the Rhopalocera, T. A. Chap- 
man, M.D. Discussion on the nature of certain insect colors, J. \Y. Tutt. 
Phytophagic species, A. R. Grote. April i, 1895. Collecting Noctuidai 
by Lake Erie, A. R. Grote. Notes on butterfly pupa?, with some remark:; 
on the phylogenesis of the Rhopalocera (cont.), T. A. Chapman. Dis- 
cussion on the nature of certain insect colors, C. R. N. Burrows, J. An- 
derson, Jr., R. M. Prideaux. Hybridism, A. R. Grote. 



l6o ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

10. VERHANDLUNGEN DER K. K. ZOOL.-BOT. GESELLSCHAFT ix WIEN, 
1894, xliv, 3-4, January, 1895. Contributions to the natural history of the 
Meloid genus Lytta Fabr., K. Escherich, 4 pis., figs. Two cases of adap- 
tation, id. 

11. ANNALES DES SCIENCES NATURELLES. ZOOLOGIE, xix, 2-3. Paris, 
1895. Glandular apparatus of the Hymenoptera (cont.), L. Bordas, 4 
pis. 

12. DIE NONNENRAUPE UNO iHRE BAKTERiEN von Dr. A. Metzger and 
Dr. N. J. C. Miiller. Berlin. Verlag von Julius Springer, 1895, 160 pp., 
45 colored plates. 

13. LE NATURALISTS. Paris, March 15, 1895. The degrees of necro- 
philous tendency in Coleoptera, A. Acloque. 

14. VERHANDLUNGEN DES NATURHISTORISCHEN YEREIXS DER PREUS- 
SISCHEN RHEINLANDE, etc. (6), i, i. Bonn, 1894. Formica exsecta Nyl. 
and its nest fellows, E. Wasmann. 

15. OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY OF 
WISCONSIN, ii, 3. Milwaukee, 1895 (received April 2, 1895). Spiders 
of the Honialattus group of the family Attida?, G. W. and E. G. Peck- 
ham, 2 pis. 

16. THE FAUNA OF BRITISH INDIA, including Ceylon and Burma. 
Published under the authority of the Secretary of State for India in 
Council. Edited by W. T. Blandford. MOTHS vol. iii by G. F. Hamp- 
son. London: Taylor and Francis, 1895, pp. xxviii, 546; 223 figs. Treats 
of the Noctuid subfamilies Focillinas and Deltoidinae. 

17. BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA, pt. cxx. London, January, 1895 
(received April 2, 1895). Coleoptera: vol. ii, pt. i, pp. 489-496, D. Sharp 
(Colydiidae) ; vol. iii, pt. i, pp. 297-312. pis. xi, xii, G. C. Champion (Ser- 
ricornia). Hymenoptera: vol. ii, pp. 329-344, pi. xiv, P. Cameron (Mu- 
tilliclae). Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera: vol. ii, pi. Ixxxiv, F. D. Godman and 
O. Salvin (Hesperidse). Rhynchota-Homoptera, vol. ii, pp. 57-72, \V. 
W. Fowler. 

18. PSYCHE. Cambridge, Mass., April, 1895. A comparison of Co-Lias 
hecla with C. tneadii and C. elis, T. E. Bean. Western Pediciae, Bittaco- 
morphae and Trichocerae, C. R. Osten Sacken. Failure to emerge of 
Actias Inna, C. G. Soule. 

19. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON,. 
iii, 3 (issued March 28, 1895). The oviposition of Melitara prodenialis 
Walker, H. G. Hubbard, figs. Notes on Melsheimer's catalogue of the 
Coleoptera of Pennsylvania, E. A. Schwarz. Further note on the structure 
of the ovipositor in Hymenoptera, C. L. Marlatt, fig. Description of the 
pine-cone-inhabiting Scolytid, E. A. Schwarz. Notes on the hrabits of 
certain Mycetophilids, with descriptions of Epidapus scabiei sp. nov., A. 
D. Hopkins, figs. A review of the work of the Entomological Society 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. l6l 

of Washington during the first ten years of its existence, L. O. Howard. 
Additional observations on the habits of Ammophila gryphus Sm., T. 
Pergande. On the food habits of Odynerus, C. L. Marlatt. Notes on the 
genus Liopteron Perty, W. H. Ashmead. The phylogeny of Hemiptera, 
H. Osborn. On gossamer spiders' web, L. O. Howard. 

20. INSECT LIFE, vii, 4. Washington, March, 1895. Further notes on 
the San Jos6 scale, L. O. Howard, fig. Report on the Mexican cotton- 
boll weevil in Texas, C. H. T. Townsend, figs., map, The cotton or 
melon plant-louse, T. Pergande. The cotton worm question in 1894, E. 
A. Schwarz. Notes on cotton insects found in Mississippi (cont), W. H. 
Ashmead. On the distribution of certain imported beetles, F. H. Chit- 
tenden. Injurious insects and commerce, L. O. Howard. Is Cyrtoneura 
ctfsia an injurious insect?, D. W. Coquillett, figs. Insect fertilization of 
an aroid plant, H. G. Hubbard, figs. Notes and observations on the 
twig girdler (Oncideres cingulata Say), T. H. Scheffer. A cecidomyiid 
that lives on poison oak, D. W. Coquillett. A migration of cockroaches, 
L. O. Howard. The potato bud weevil, F. H. Chittenden. An ortalid 
fly injuring cereals, figs. The gray hair streak butterfly and its damage 
to beans, figs. General notes. 

21. NATURE. London, March 28, 1895. Orb-weaving spiders of the 
United States, O. P. Cambridge. 

22. ANALES DE LA SOCIEDAD CIENTIFICA ARGENTINA, xxxviii, 5-6. 
Buenos Aires, November-December, 1894 (received April 9, 1895). 
Flowers and insects, A. Gallardo. 

23. JOURNAL OF THE NEW YORK MICROSCOPICAL SOCIETY, xi, 2, April, 
1895. Notes on the seventeen-year Cicada, E. G. Love, i pi. 

24. KNOWLEDGE. London, April i, 1895. Winter life of insects, E. 
A. Butler, figs. The house spider in captivity, H. D. Nicholson. 

25. ABHANDLUNGEN AUS DEM GEBIETE DER NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN 
HERAUSGEGEBEN VOM NATURWISSENSCHAFTLICHEN VEREIN IN HAM- 
BURG, xiii, 1895. Revision of the Tarantuliclae Fabr. (Phrynidae Latr.), 
K. Kraepelin. 

26. THE AMERICAN NATURALIST. Philadelphia, April, 1895. Two 
more new species of Lecaniuin, T. D. A. Cockerell. A new Trombidian, 
J. L. Hancock, i pi. 

27. ENTOMOLOGISCHE NACHRICHTEN, xxi, 5-6. Berlin, March, 1895. 
Catalogue of the European bees, Dr. v. Dalla-Torre and H. Friese. 
On my new Muscid system, E. Girschner. 

28. CATALOGUE GENERAL DES HEMIPTERES par L. Lethierry et G. 
Severin. Tome ii, He"te"ropteres: Coreidae, Berytidae, Lygaeidae, Pyrrho- 
coridae. Bruxelles, 1894, 277 pp. (including index), Tome i, 286 pp., 
containing the Pentatomidce, is dated 1893. 



l62 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

29. THE CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST. London, Ont., April, 1895. Va- 
riation in Nemeophila petrosa at Laggan in western Alberta, T. E. Bean. 
Preptos, Tamphana and Arotros, W. Schaus. Thecla Ontario Edw., J. 
Fletcher. On the term Cydosiinae, A. R. Grote. Some new Attidae, N. 
Banks. Synopsis of the Dipterous genus Phora, D. W. Coquillett. Pre- 
paratory stages of Euclidia cuspidea Hiibn., J. B. Lembert. Preliminary 
studies in Siphonaptera iii, C. F. Baker. Mounting insects without 
pressure, R. W. Rennie. 

30. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, April, 1895. Life-history of Or- 
nithoptera richmondii, H. Schneider, figs. Ants and their companions, 
C. W. Dale. Three new species of Coccidae, T. D. A. Cockerel!. On 
the causes of variation and aberration in the imago state of butterflies, 
with suggestions on the establishment of new species, Dr. M. Standfuss. 
Notes on the synonymy of Noctuid moths, A. G. Butler. Aberrations in 
the structure of appendages in the Coleoptera, T. H. Garbowski, D. 
Sharp, figs. 

31. PROCEEDINGS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (2), iv 
(extract). San Francisco, Feb. 19, 1895 (received April 5). The Odonata 
of Baja California, Mexico, P. P. Calvert, 3 pis. 

32. BULLETIN 109. New Jersey Agricultural College Experiment 
Station. Rutgers College [New Brunswick,] N. J., Feb. 28, 1895. Cut 
worms, The sinuate pear borer, The potato stalk-borer, Bisulphide of 
carbon as an insecticide, J. B. Smith, figs. 

33. ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIQUE, xxxix, 
3. Brussels, March 30, 1895. List of Trixagidae, Monommidae, Euc- 
nemidae and Elateridae, imported in tobacco and collected by M. Ant. 
Grouvelle, E. Fletiaux. 

34. JOURNAL OF THE NEW YORK ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, iii, i, 
March, 1895 (received April 8, 1895. Notes on the Pseudoscorpionida, 
N. Banks. New North American Tettiginae, A. P. Morse. A combina- 
tion of two classifications of Lepidoptera, H. G. Dyar. Life-history of 
Heterocampa obliqua Pack., A. S. Packard, i pi. A clew to the origin 
of the Geometrid moths, id. Domed burrows of Cicada sepfendecim, B. 
Lander. The Odonata of New York State, P. P. Calvert. 

35. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S MONTHLY MAGAZINE. London, April, 
1895. Coccids preyed upon by birds, R. Newstead. Are the antennae 
of the pupa free in the -family Tineidae?, T. A. Chapman. The genera 
Cryptohypnus and Hypnoidus, G. C. Champion. 

36. DEUTSCHE ENTOMOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHKIFT, 1895, i. Berlin, Feb- 
ruary, 1895. Response to Verhoeff's reply on the copulatory apparatus 
of male Coleoptera, J. Weise. Two new Cryptocephaline genera, id. 
On the copulatory apparatus of male Coleoptera, C. Yerhoeff, 3 figs. 



1985.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 163 

37. A MANUAL FOR THE STUDY OF INSECTS by John Henry Comstuck, 
Professor of Entomology in Cornell University and in Leland Stanford 
Junior University, and Anna Botsford Comstock, Member of the Society 
of American Wood-engravers. Ithaca, N. Y. Comstock Publishing 
Company, 1895, pp. xi, 701 ; 797 figures in the text, six plates (plate i, 
the frontispiece, colored). 8 vo. 

The appearance of a work of this size and kind by an author of repu- 
tation is always an important event. Those who knew not of the intended 
publication of the present volume were probably surprised, as we were, 
to find that Prof. Comstock has here given us an entirely new book, and 
not a continuation of his favorably known " Introduction to Entomology'' 
of 1888. The new Manual is designed for more elementary students than 
the Introduction. The latter, as far as published, embraced 252 pages, 
of which 52 are occupied with the general characteristics of insects, 9 
with the Thysanura, 25 with Pseudoneuroptera, 36 with Orthoptera, 5 
with Physopoda, 90 with Hemiptera, 17 with Neuroptera. In the Manual 
the number of pages devoted to the same subjects are respectively 34, 4, 
1 6, 17, 2, 54, 1 6. In the Manual we have also a chapter on zoological 
classification and nomenclature of 8 pages, and one of 39 pages on the 
relatives of Insects, that is, the other Arthropods. Another feature of 
the book in which it differs from the Introduction is the recognition of 
nineteen orders of insects, due mainly to the division of the Pseudoneu- 
roptera and Neuroptera. The groups not treated of in the Introduction 
are the higher orders; here the Lepidoptera occupy 222 pages, the Diptera 
77, the Siphonaptera 4, the Coleoptera 105, the Hymenoptera 80. 

The aim of the Manual is stated in the preface to be that of meeting a 
pressing demand of teachers and learners in entomology "for a hand- 
book by means of which the names and relative affinities of insects may 
be determined in some such way as plants are classified by the aid of the 
well-known manuals of botany." Analytical keys, therefore, occupy a 
prominent place, although for obvious reasons it is not pretended to ex- 
tend them farther than families. As may be seen from the figures given 
above, those orders of insects of economic importance receive, and re- 
ceive intentionally, a larger share of attention, the best known species in 
these groups being frequently described and figured. The book is very 
fully illustrated, and most of the figures, especially in the latter part (see 
the preface), are satisfactory. Such abundant illustration is a prime requi- 
site in a handbook of this kind. A rather unfamiliar feature in entomo- 
logical text-books is the indications for pronunciation which follow the 
technical names. Most of the species and groups mentioned are also 
provided with English names. 

Altogether, without discussing any of the more technical questions con- 
cerned, we are pleased with the Manual, and recommend it to those for 
whom it is intended, and to those who desire a brief illustrated hand- 
book of our common insects. 



164 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper was published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 



' THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 

Fyles 2, Robertson 3, Scudder 6, Wasmann 7, Tutt 9, Grote 9, Escherich 
10, Metzger and Miiller 12, Howard 19*, 20, Hubbard 20, Gallardo 22, 
Burrows 9, Andersson 9, Prideaux 9, Rennie 29, Dale 30, Standfuss 30, 
Sharp 30, Smith 32, Comstock 37. 

MYRIAPODA. 

Cook 8. 

ARACHNIDA. 

Moniez 5, Peckham 15*, Howard 19, Cambridge 21, Canestrini 7, Nich- 
olson 24, Kraepelin 25, Hancock 26*, Banks 29*, 34*. 

ORTHOPTERA. 
Howard 20, Morse 34*. 

NEUROPTERA. 
Perez i, Calvert 31*, 34. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Targioni-Tozzetti 4, Peytoureau 5, Mordwilko 7, Fowler 17*, Orborn 
19, Howard 20, Pergande 20, Ashmead 20, Love 23, Cockerell 26*, 30*, 
Lander 34, Newstead 35, Lethierry and Severin 28. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Peytoureau 5, Escherich 10, Acloque 13, Sharp 17*, 30, Champion 17*, 
35, Schwarz 19 (two), Townsend 20, Chittenden 20 (two), Hubbard 20, 
Scheffer 20, Garbowski 30, Smith 32, Fletiaux 33*, Weise 36 (two), Yer- 
hoeff 36. 

DIPTERA. 

Ficalbi 4, Osten Sacken 18, Hopkins 19*, Ashmead 20, Coquillett 20* 
(two), 29*, Anon. 20, Baker 29*, Girschner 27. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Peytoureau 5, Grote 9 (two), 29, Chapman 9, 35, Metzger and Miiller 
12, Hampson 16, Godman and Salvin 17, Bean 18, Soule 18, Hubbard 
19, Schwarz 20, Ashmead 20, Anon. 20, Bean 29, Schaus 29, Fletcher 29, 
Lembert 29, Schneider 30, Standfuss 30, Butler 30, Smith 32, Dyar 34, 
Packard 34 (two). 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Emery 4*, Gribodo 4*, Bordas ir, Wasmann 14, Cameron 17*, Marlatt 
19 (two), Pergande 19, Ashmead 19, Dale 30, Dalla Torre and Friese 27. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 165 

Doings of Societies. 

APRIL 9, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, No. 1509 S. i3th St. Members present: 
Messrs. Bland, Fox, Trescher, E. Wenzel, Hoyer, Dr. Castle, Johnson, 
Boerner. H. \V. Wenzel and Schmitz Honorary members: Drs. John B. 
Smith, Geo. H. Horn and Henry Skinner. Meeting called to order at 
8.50 P.M., president Bland presiding. The president, in a brief address, 
officially announced the death of our late member and ex-vice-president, 
C. Ernst Seeber, who died on March 28th, after a short illness, from 
pneumonia, stating that, in consequence, the regular business of the Social 
tor the evening would be suspended. It was moved and seconded that 
Mr H. W. Wenzel be authorized to procure a photograph of Mr. Seeber 
for the Social. On motion of Prof. Smith a committee of three was 
appointed as follows : Mr. H. W. Wenzel, Dr. D. M. Castle and Wm. J. 
Fox, to draft suitable resolutions in memory of our late fellow-member, a 
copy of the same to be forwarded to the family of the deceased. Mr. 
Boerner stated that the family of Mr. Seeber desired, through him, to ex- 
tend their thanks to the members of the Social for the respect they had 
shown for the departed, and their attendance at the funeral. The presi- 
dent stated, in conclusion, that out of respect to the memory of the late 
member, the adjournment to the annex would be omitted, and therefore 
declared the meeting finally adjourned. THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 

BROOKLYN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY. The monthly meeting was held 
in the Art Rooms, Montague Street, Brooklyn, Tuesday evening, April 
2nd, ten members present; five new members were elected. After 
routine business Prof. J. B. Smith read a paper upon "Variation in 
Insects." He exhibited, and commented upon, a series of Noctuids show- 
ing very great variation in color and ornamentation, and took strong 
ground against giving names to any variations unless these were geograph- 
ical and to the exclusion of other forms, thus following the ornithologist's 
code. He also observed that each species must be judged by itself, for 
one might vary decidedly, and yet the same variation in the same genus 
might cover a number of good species as shown by structural differences. 
A general discussion followed, and the unanimous opinion seemed to be 
that it is very useful, if not necessary, to have names for marked varia- 
tions, whether geographical or not, especially if they exist commonly. 
The officers of the Society now are : 

President, Prof. f. B. SMITH. 

Vice- President, EDW. L. GRAEF. 

Secretary, GEO. D. HULST. 

Corresponding Secretary, A. C. WEEKS. 

Treasurer, C. H. ROHERTS. 

Librarian. Dr. R. OTTOLENGUI. 

Curator, H. MEESKE. 

The meetings are on the first Tuesday of each month in the Art Build- 
ing, Montague Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

5** 



166 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

Tlie Entomological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 
FEBRUARY 28, 1895. 

A regular stated meeting of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences was held in the Hall, S. W. cor. Nineteenth and Race 
Streets, this evening, Dr. Geo. H. Horn, director, presiding. Dr. Horn 
mentioned various species of Scymnus. The differences in the secon- 
dary sexual characters were pointed out and described in both sexes and 
illustrated by drawings on the black-board. 

Meeting held March 28th. Dr. Horn, director, presiding. Mr. Johnson, 
on behalf of Prof. Aldrich, presented to the American Entomological 
Society, specimens of seven species of Dolichopidas, two of which were 
represented by type specimens. Mr. Johnson presented a type of a new 
species of Odontoniyia. Mr. Johnson said, that in the preparation of 
certain illustrations of Diptera he had prepared, he had experimented 
somewhat in making the plates. The specimens were photographed and 
the figures " touched-up " with China-white and India-ink, in order to 
strengthen the light and dark spots. Good results had accrued from this 
process, as was indicated by two half-tone plates exhibited. Mr. Laurent 
reported the capture of a specimen of Tenebriodes bimaculatus at German- 
town. He announced to the Section the death of Mr. C. E. Seeber. The 
deaths of Drs. Ruschenberger and Ryder, members of the Academy were 
announced by the director, who reviewed the early work of the former, 
principally the issuing of a science primer, which the speaker had known 
to be the direct means of interesting more than one person in the study 
of natural history; in fact, gave the speaker his first insight into Ento- 
mology. Dr. Ryder's work in Biology was also praised. Mr. Frank 
Haimbach was unanimously elected a member of the Section. A fine 
crayon portrait of the late John L. LeConte, recently acquired by the 
American Entomological Society, was exhibited to the members. WM. 
Fox, Recorder pro. tern. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



TWO NEW AFRICAN LYC/ENIDS. 

By W. J. HOLLAND, Ph.D , F. Z. S., F. E. S., etc. 

Chancellor of the Western University of Pennsylvania. 

MIMACR2EA, Bull. 

M. neurata sp. nov. $. Allied to M. charmian Kirby and Smith. The 
primaries and secondaries are narrower than in M. charmian. The inner 
margin of the primaries is straight. The primaries are dark brown with 
a narrow band of Orange-red, composed of four spots located beyond the 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 167 

end of the cell somewhat more than half-way from the base to the apex. 
Of these spots, the uppermost is minute ; the two next succeeding it 
inwardly are quadrate ; and the fourth located between veins four and 
five issubtriangular, produced beyond the others externally, and retracted 
toward the cell. Below this band toward the inner margin is a broad sub- 
triangular patch of orange-red, bounded above by the lower edge of the 
cell, and reaching to the inner margin. This light colored area is sub- 
divided by the blackish veins. The secondaries are fuscous on the costa 
with the outer half-broadly fuscous, the inner half orange-red. The veins 
are blackish. On the underside, the primaries have the costa, the cell, 
and the part immediately adjacent thereto about the origin of the nervules 
blackish. At the end of the cell, there is a deep black spot, surrounded 
by a paler brownish cloud. The yellow markings on the upper surface 
reappear upon the lowerside, but are paler and less distinctly defined. 
The outer third is gray with the nervules whitish. On the interspaces 
upon the nervules, there are two whitish lines, which, running inwardly 
from the margin, converge at the outer margin of the orange-red and tri- 
angular inner tract. The secondaries have the outer third marked in the 
same way as the primaries. There is a pale creamy-yellow median bend 
running from near the costa to the inner margin, widening toward the 
inner margin, and obscurely defined both inwardly and outwardly. The 
basal third is pale Mars-red, marked with black spots, one at the base, 
one on the middle, and another at the end of the cell, and a fourth just 
beyond the end of the cell. Above the cell are two black spots and below 
the cell at either side of the origin of vein three are two smaller spots. 
On interval ib are two geminate spots, the first below the spot in the 
middle of the cell, the two together forming a series with the two spots 
lying at the origin of vein three. There are a few indistinct, blackish 
markings near the costa on the inner side of the pale median band. The 
head, collar and thorax are black above and below, spotted with white. 
The abdomen is ochreous above and below touched with blackish on the 
upperside on the median line near the prothorax. Expanse 60 mm. 

Hab. Liberia (Good). This very distinct species may be dis- 
tinguished at a glance from all others in the genus. I have named 
it neurafa on account of the characteristic manner in which the 
bright tracts on the upper surface are divided by the black veins. 

TERIOMIMA Kirby. 

T. galenides sp. nov. $. The anterior wings are quite black with a 
small orange spot on the cell. Beyond the cell near the costa are two 
larger spots, one above each other, of which the one nearest the costa is 
the smaller, and the lower one is produced outwardly. There are three 
orange spots located on the disc in immediate contact with each other ; 
the middle spot located between veins two and three is oblong, longitu- 
dal ; the two other spots are small and transverse. The three form a 
figure resembling the plus mark, +. There is an orange spot near the 



1 68 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

inner margin, half-way from the base ; the secondaries are black, like the 
primaries, and are traversed from just before the outer angle by a broad 
orange band, which diminishes regularly to the inner margin, on which 
it terminates ; the fringes are narrowly white interrupted with blackish. 
On the underside the primaries are dark fuscous, with the inner margin 
obscure stramineous ; the spots of the upperside reappear, and, in addi- 
tion, there are a number of minute yellowish spots upon the costal and 
outer margins, and two or three sabapical spots; there are also some small 
spots upon the cell, both before and behind the central orange spot, which 
appears upon the upper surface. The ground color of the secondaries is 
as that of the primaries ; the broad orange band of the upper surface is 
reduced and does not extend to the inner margin, as on the upperside, 
and is much indented externally; there are nine or ten small orange spots 
on the basal third, a relatively large orange spot on the costa near the 
middle, and a marginal and anal series of yellow spots of varying size, 
those of the marginal series, near the outer angle being the largest. The 
fringes on the underside are narrowly white, broadly interrupted with 
blackish at the end of the nervules. The antennae are black annulated 
with white on the lowerside. The upperside of the body is black, the 
lowerside fuscous. The legs are black, with the tarsi annulated with 
whitish. Expanse 27 mm. 

Hab. Bule Country, Cameroons (Good). I have named this 
curiously marked species, which is totally unlike any other in 
the genus, because of its somewhat mimetic likeness to the Hes- 
peridae of the Galenus group. The only species which at all 
resembles it is T. adelgunda Kirby- The type is unique. 



o- 



ON THE LARVAE OF HYDROCHARIS OBTUSATUS AND 
SILPHA SURINAMENSIS. 

By H. F. WICKHAM, Iowa City, Iowa. 

The larvae of the two above-mentioned species were obtained 
during a Summer trip to Bayh'eld, Wis., on the shores of Lake 
Superior. As neither are fully described as yet, notes and figures 
are appended. 

Hydrocharis obtusatus Say, fig. i. Color of larva, above greenish, head 
and prothorax chestnut, beneath lighter, form moderately elongate, not 
very convex, broadest at about the middle of the abdomen. Length of 
full-grown living specimen, 28 mm. 

Head narrower than the prothorax, sides rounded, more strongly near 
the base, front impressed each side, elevated at middle, these elevations 
and impressions extending also to the vertex, occiput with two triangular 
impressions at the base. Frontal margin obtusely lobed at middle. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 169 

Underside of head smooth and shining, with two foveae at the base of the 
mentum, and, immediately posterior to these, a somewhat reniform im- 
pression. There are also four large mottled lanceolate figures extending 
from the base for more than one-half of the entire length. The plane of 
the head is oblique to that of the prothorax. Eyes consist of six somewhat 
elongate ocelli on each side of the head. Antennae situated behind the 
base of the mandibles, on the front, 3-jointed, the basal joint very long, 
bristly internally, the second and third much shorter and more slender, 
approximately equaling each other in length. Mandibles curved furnished 
with a very strong internal distal tooth and a much smaller proximal one. 
Maxillae with a very long basal joint swollen at each end, second joint 
shorter and with an internal distal appendix, third joint again shorter, 
fourth not quite equal to the second, but about the same as the fifth. 
There are no bristles whatever to be seen, even under high powers. Men- 
tum irregularly hexagonal, the apex with two distinct lateral teeth, sides 
with smaller serrations : palpiger elongate, broader near the tip, palpi 
two-jointed the second joint much the longer. Prothorax narrower at 
apex which is truncate, base rounded, sides narrowly margined, a trans- 
verse impressed line at apex, another (obsolete at middle) at the base, 
disc shining, surface unequal. Beneath, the sternal piece, anterior to the 
coxae, is more perfectly chitinized and smoother than the remainder of 
the under surface. Mesothorax shorter than the prothorax and wider, 
roughly shagreened, not shining, two triangular smooth spaces at base, 
each with a large fovea. Spiracle on the ventral surface near the ante- 
rior angles. Metathorax similar in shape, shagreened, without the smooth 
triangular areas or spiracles. Abdominal rings resembling in dorsal 
aspect the metathorax; there are two dorso-lateral rows of blunt spines 
on each side and a row of lateral filamentary appendages, each tipped 
with two bristles, the last segment is corneous at tip and distinctly toothed 
or serrate. Legs with conical coxa?, which are as long as the femora, tro- 
chanters well marked by sutures; tibiae shorter than the femora, claws long, 
slightly curved and provided with a strong spine near the middle of the 
length. 

From the larvse of Tropisternus glaber, which I have elsewhere* 
described the present species, differs in its greater size truncated 
thorax, shape of mentum and spined claw, besides in other minor 
characters. The specimens were found on the margins of muddy 
ponds and form cells in the damp ground by squirming motions 
of the body. In this cell they remain for some days before 
attaining the pupa state, which lasts six or seven days. One of 
mine pupated on the i6th of July, and the beetle appeared on 
the i6th. The pupa is sixteen mm. in length, clear greenish 
in c^or, becoming brownish about the head and limbs as rmitu- 

* Bull. Lab. Nat Hist. State Univ. of Iowa, II, p. 338. 



1 70 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

rity approaches. The figure will obviate the necessity for a long 
description, the striking points, to which attention should be 
directed, being found in the long palpi, the strong bristles and 
the appendages of the terminal abdominal segment. 

Silpha surinamensis Fabr. fig. 2. Color of larva nearly black above, 
a light yellowish dorsal line, interrupted at the posterior margin of each 
segment, extending almost the entire length ; the sides of the thorax and 
abdomen are also bordered with the same color. Beneath yellowish with 
a few brown markings. The form is elongate, tapering behind, moder- 
ately convex, last abdominal segment with two straight appendages. 
Length, in spirits, 19 mm. Head broader at base, sides rounded, front 
sinuate laterally and emarginate at middle, surface of head rough with 
large punctures and unequally impressed. Eyes six on each side of the 
head, a group of four being situated on the dorso-lateral surface behind 
each of the anntennae and very close to the thoracic margin, the other 
pair is on the ventro-lateral surface somewhat anterior to the group men- 
tioned. They are of fairly large size. Antennas inserted near the sides of 
the head, immediately anterior to the large group of eyes, the basal joint 
(?) or support of scarcely appreciable length, the others of good size, 
somewhat bristly and decreasing in length and thickness to the last, which 
is tipped with a short spine and a few very minute aciculi. Mandibles 
moderately strong, sinuate on the outer edge, apex acute, internal edge 
with a tooth near the tip and sinuate. Maxillae with a broad inner lobe, 
the inner margin with a series of ten articulated spines on the apical half 
and a brush of bristles near the base, tip with a much larger brush of 
bristles which extend also for some distance down the outer margin. 
This margin is armed with two long stout bristles. Palpus four-jointed, 
borne on a swollen base, the first joint short and thick, the three following 
more elongate and subequal in length among themselves, the last being, 
however, more slender and bearing a few aciculi at apex. Mentum some- 
what obcordate in form, broader before the free end which is sinuate at 
sides and deeply emarginate at middle, the palpi heavy, two-jointed, the 
basal joint much the larger, the apical with a few aciculi at tip. The body 
of the mentum is furnished with short bristles distributed in close array 
over a pattern shown in the figure. Prothorax broader towards the base, 
sides somewhat rounded and very slightly sinuate, apex less rounded, 
angles not marked, side margined, disc with a fine longitudinal median 
line, surface irregularly rugose. Meso- and metathorax shorter, sides 
rounded anteriorly and with a subangulation behind the middle, surface 
finely transversely rugose. Abdomen with fine grayish or whitish hairs 
on the dorsum and composed of nine true segments and a proleg. The 
first eight segments have a well-marked thin margin, which is rounded 
anteriorly and acute posteriorly; on the ninth segment this margin is less 
evident, though present. These marginal pieces are all fnely bristled 
externally and more coarsely at the posterior angles. The appendages 
which are borne on the ninth segment are straight, two-jointed and spiny, 



I8Q5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. IJL 

the first joint long but heavy, the second short and more slender, tipped 
with a long bristle. Legs stout, the coxae prominent, trochanters sepa- 
rated from femora by a distinct suture, tibiae tapering to tip, claws slightly 
curved and with a strong spine before the middle. Spiracles in nine 
pairs, the first situated under the posterior prothoracic angles the re- 
mainder in segments 1-8 of the abdomen, gradually receding from the 
anterior ventral margins as we proceed backwards. 

This larva differs in many important particulars from that of 
Silpha ramosa which Mr. C. F. Gisslar has described in the 
"American Entomologist," Vol. iii, pp. 265-267, In .S. suri- 
namensis the third antennal joint shorter than the first while in 
^ ramosa it is much longer. In surinamensis the mandible has 
a tooth internally, the first joint of the labial palpi is the larger 
and the claws have a single spine on the lower surface, while in 
ramosa the mandible is without molars, the joints of the labial 
palpi are of equal length and the claws are said to have two 
spines at middle. The pygidial appendages are also different. 
A full knowledge of the larvae of our American Silphae is much 
to be desired, as likely to throw light on the real value of the 
divisions proposed in the genus as now understood in this country. 
Two of these larvae were obtained on the 2oth of June, one 
of them in its cell beneath an old log, ready for pupation, the 
other crawling on moss. The first-mentioned specimen disclosed 
the beetle on the 3rd of July. The pupa is very sensitive to 
touch and wriggles vigorously at the least disturbance. It is 
remarkable for the serrate thoracic margin, the prominent hind 
legs and slender abdomen with its long lateral bristles and crooked 
terminal appendages. The length is 18 mm., the color white. 

EXPLANATION OF PLATE. 

Fig. i. Hydrocharis obtusatus Say. larva: p. pupa; a, antenna; /, leg; 
)>i(f. mandible; nit, mentum; mx, maxilla; h, head, under surface. 

Fig. 2. Silpha suritiamensis Fabr., larva: ab t ninth abdominal seg- 
ment with appendages (under pressure). The other lettering is the same 
as in fig. i. 



THE larvae of Tenebrio molitor, commonly called Meal-worms, which 
are found in carious wood, are bred by bird fanciers to feed nightingales, 
and constitute the only bait by which these shy birds can be taken ; a fact 
the more curious when it is considered that the nightingale, in a state of 
nature, can seldom or never see these larvae. They are also used to feed 
chameleons which are exhibited. Cuvier Aniin. Kingd. Ins. i, 569. 



172 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 

OBITUARY. 

OLIVER JACOB STALKY, of Marshall, Saline County, Mo., died July 6, 
1894, while on a collecting trip near home. His body was found by 
searching parties in a creek, face downward. A sultry day induced him 
to take a bath, with fatal result. Mr. Staley was born in Princetown, 
Schenectady County, N. Y., and removed with his parents to Marshall, 
Mo., thirteen years ago. He practiced law for about four years, and was 
in the twenty-fifth year of his age. He was a member of the Y. M. C. A. 
and was much respected by everybody. He published "A List of the 
Butterflies found at Marshall, Missouri, and Vicinity." From childhood 
up he had a fondness for Lepidoptera, but his active work occupied the 
last six years of his life (the death of Mr. Staley was mentioned in the 
NEWS, vol. v, p. 236). 

CHARLES W. STROMBERG died at his home in Galesburg, 111., on March 
26 (1895), after a lingering illness of consumption. Mr. Stromberg went to 
to Phcenix, Ariz., over a year ago, with the hope that he would recover his 
health. He returned last Fall, the change not having benefited him to the 
extent expected. Mr. Stromberg was born in Sweden, in 1856, and came 
with his parents to this country twenty-nine years ago. From boyhood he 
was devoted to scientific studies, and of late years Entomology has been 
his favorite study, and he had obtained recognition as an excellent student 
in that branch of natural history. He had amassed a fine collection of 
the insects of his State; his collection of Coleoptera being especially com- 
plete. Mr. Stromberg was quiet and reserved, and gentlemanly in dis- 
position, and was naturally refined in his tastes. He will be greatly 
missed by his entomological associates and correspondents. 

C. ERNEST SEEBER, aged sixty-one, died March 28, 1895. He was a 
well-known Philadelphia entomologist, and one of the early members of 
the American Entomological Society, and was lately vice-president of 
the Feldman Collecting Social. 



PAUSANIAS tells us, that in the temple of Parthenon there was a brazen 
statue of Apollo, by the hand of Phidias, which was called Parnopius, out 
of gratitude for that god having once banished from that country the 
Locusts, which greatly injured the land. The same author asserts that he 
himself has known the Locusts to have been thrice destroyed by Apollo in 
the Mountain Lipylus, once exterminating them by a violent wind ; at 
another time by vehement heat ; and the third time by unexpected cold. 
Cowan's Curious Facts. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for April, was mailed March 29. 1895. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 



AND 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION, 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 



VOL. VI. 



JUNE, 1895. 



No. 6. 



CONTENTS: 



Baker Biological Notes, etc 173 

Slingerland Magnolia Blossom Tor- 

tricid 175 

Fal-1 On Cicindela formosa and C. 

venusta, etc 176 

Hancock Mite-larva parasitic on Tet- 

tix granulatus 180 

Calvert Preliminary notes, etc 181 

Lembert Sawdust for steaming 182 

Brendel Pselaphidse 183 

Bland After Coleoptera 185 

Leucarctia rickseckeri 186 

Editorial 187 



Economic Entomology 188 

Notes and News 190 

Entomological Literature 191 

Doings of Societies 195 

Entomological Section 197 

Davis Two new species of Clistopyga 198 
Dyar Descriptions of the larvae of 3 

Saw-flies 199 

Cockerell Note on forms of Alypioides 200 

Baker Two new Apanteles 201 

Duzee Characters of a n. sp. of Thelia"2O3 

Banks Some Missouri Spiders 204 

Coquillett Tach. Genus Heteropterina 2o7 



BIOLOGICAL NOTES ON SOME COLORADO DIPTERA* 

By CARL F. BAKER, Fort Collins, Colo. 

The Diptera mentioned in the following notes were determined 
either through Dr. Riley, or by Mr. C. H. T. Townsend. 

Cecidomyia siliqua Walsh. Galls identical with those of this 
species brought from Michigan ; are common about Fort Collins 
on Salix amygdaloides. . 

Cecidomyia alticola Cockerell. A gall was found at Fort Col- 
lins on Artemisia dracuncnloides, which answers the description 
of the gall of this species (see The Entomologist, 1890, p. 281). 

Subulapallipes Lw. Large numbers of the larvae of this species 
were obtained by Prof. Gillette, at Trinidad, under the bark of 
a fallen cotton wood log. The flies emerged 5-21 to 6-9. A 
description of the larva and pupa has been published by Mr. 
Townsend. 

Argyra mceba oedipus Fab. Reared from nests of several 
species of Odynems at Fort Collins. In the larval stage it is a 
true external parasite. Flies emerged 5-3 to 6-12. 

Eristalis hirtus Lw. Reared from maggots found in ooze 

* From the seventh bi-monthly report of the Say Memorial Chapter of the A. A. 



J74 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

about the mouth of a drain at Fort Collins. Flies emerged from 
4- 1 1 to 5-3. 

Jurinia apicifera Wlk. This is one of many parasites which 
help to reduce the numbers of Clisiocampa fragilis, the larvae of 
which are so enormously abundant on quaking ash and Cerco- 
carpa in various parts of- Colorado. From material brought 
from Georgetown, by Prof. Gillette, numerous flies emerged from 
7-30 to 8-2. 

Masicera eufitchitz Twns. A common parasite on Tham- 
nonoma flavicaria and T. ^.-linearia at Fort Collins. Flies 
emerged 7-15 and after. 

Hyphantrophaga hyphantritz Twns. A single specimen was 
reared from Vanessa milbertii at Fort Collins, the fly emerging 
7-19. 

Tachina clisiocampfg Twns. Reared from Clisiocampa ft agilis 
with Jicrinia apicifera. Flies emerged from 7-24 to 8-4. 

Cyrtoneura stabulans Fab. At Fort Collins in squash roots 
rotting from the attacks of Anasa tristis; maggots of this fly 
were found in abundance. Puparia taken from the earth adjoining 
the roots gave flies from 7-29 to 8-23. 

Oestrus ovis L. A number of sheep on the college farm died 
last year from the attacks of this fly. After death occurred, blood 
and mucous oozed from the nasal cavities and softened the ad- 
joining earth, otherwise the maggots would have been unable to 
bore down. Maggots taken from the blood moistened earth and 
placed in a breeding cage, gave flies about six weeks after. 

Trypeta canadensis Lw. A very common gooseberry pest in 
the vicinity of Fort Collins. Infested berries were gathered 
during the Fall, the maggots passing from them into the earth. 
The next Spring numerous flies emerged on 4-30. 

Trypeta bigelovii Cockerell. Galls were found abundant on 
Bigelovia, at Dolores, by Prof. Gillette. Flies emerged 6-29. 

Trypeta solidaginis Fitch. The galls of this fly are very com- 
mon on Solidago canadensis in the vicinity of Fort Collins. 
Flies emerged from 5-7 to 5-23. A single Eurytoma gigantea 
Walsh (determined by Mr. Ashmead) was also obtained from 
the galls. 

The above are a few out of a considerable number of flies 
reared in Colorado, for the greater part of which it has been 
impossible to obtain names. 



I8Q5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

THE MAGNOLIA-BLOSSOM TORTRICID. 



175 



Caccecia magnoliana Fernald. 
By M. V. SLINGERLAND, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. 

In June, 1891, Prof. W. W. Rovvlee, of the Botanical Depart- 
ment, discovered that many of the blossoms on a cucumber-tree 
{Magnolia acuminata) not far from the campus were being de- 
stroyed by a caterpillar ; he had previously observed that this 
tree seldom fruited fully. Several of the infested blossoms were 
brought to the insectary, placed in cages, and the adult insect 
reared. Dr. Fernald decided that it was a new species, and he 
soon described the moth (See ''Canadian Entomologist," xxiv, 
p. 122). The half-tone illustration of the moth here given 
(natural size) will facilitate the determination of the species from 
Dr. Fernald' s careful description. 

The caterpillars fed ravenously for several days after they were 
put in the cages. They attacked all parts of the flower, but 

more especially the petals, which they 
bored through and through as 
shown by the holes in the blossom 
(natural size) in the illustration. The 
large thick petals were tied together 
by numerous silken cords and the 
caterpillars reveled within; usually 
from one to three worms occupied a 
blossom. 

By June 8, most of the caterpillars 
had become full grown. They were 
then of a light semi-transparent 
green color, lighter on the venter. 
Length, 20 mm. Head, consider- 
ably narrower than the body and 
light brown in color with black spots 
caudacl of the black eye-spots. 
Thoracic shield greenish black, 
darker on the sides. Two black spots occur on the sides of the first 
thoracic segment between the shield and the blackish legs. The 
other four true legs and the five pairs of pro-legs are nearly like 
the body in color. The body is sparsely clothed with long 
whitish hairs arising from slight whitish elevations. The head 




176 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

and thoracic shield of a smaller specimen were of a dark brownish 
black color. 

One larva pupated in a thin white silken cocoon attached to 
one of the petals; this is probably the normal place of pupation. 
Other larvae pupated on the glass sides of the cage, or on the 
muslin cover. All had pupated by June 10. 

When first formed the pupae are of a light green color. They 
gradually change to a dark brown color, lighter on the venter. 
Length, 14 mm. Two transverse rows of minute spines project 
caudad on the dorsum of each abdominal segment. The body 
is sparsely clothed with long white hairs arranged similar to those 
on the larvae. The pupa firmly attaches itself to the cocoon by 
eight strong hooklets, two arising from each side of the long 
narrow cremaster and four from its end. The pupal stage lasts 
from ten to fifteen days. 

Most of the moths had appeared by June 22; none emerged 
after June 25. Probably eggs are soon laid, and the young larvae 
work on the leaves, perhaps becoming half grown by Fall, when 
they go into hibernation in inconspicuous hibernacula on the 
branches near the blossom buds. But, possibly the moths hiber- 
nate and lay their eggs on the blossom buds in the Spring ; or, 
perhaps the insect passes the Winter in the egg. 

Hundreds of Magnolia blossoms were destroyed by this Tor- 
tricicl in 1891. No observations have since been made on its 
habits and life-history. Upon receipt of my bred specimens of 
the moths, Dr. Fernald wrote that he had then had the insect in 
his collection for nearly fifteen years. 



-o- 



On Cicindela formosa and C. venusta, with remarks on 
some sexual characters of the genus. 

By H. C. FALL. 

Among a small lot of Coleoptera recently received from Mr. 
W. Knaus, of McPherson, Kans., were several examples each 
of the two beautiful tiger beetles Cicindela formosa and its so- 
called variety venusta. On placing the fresh specimens in my 
cabinet and surveying the two series, the difference in facies 
struck me as being something unusual, even in this genus of 
variable species. A subsequent somewhat careful investigation 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 177 

leads me to believe that we really have to do with two entirely 
distinct species. In his synopsis of the CicindelidfS, Schaupp 
merely says, in speaking of venusta, " differs (from formosa) in 
being more slender and convex." In the table of species the 
middle band is mentioned as being more perpendicular and the 
size is given for formosa 17-18 mm., for venusta 13-15 mm. 

Here, then, we have noted a difference in form, size and 
markings; let us consider their value as indicating specific dis- 
tinction. The latter is certainly of least importance, and of itself 
would signify nothing; it may then be dismissed with the remark 
that in all the specimens examined there is a small, yet constant 
difference in this respect. Size also is usually of little or no 
consequence, and yet among all our varieties of Cicindela there 
are nowhere else any appreciable variations of size within specific 
limits, with the single exception of dorsalis and its variety saulcyi, 
and these are almost perfectly connected by media. The dif- 
ference in form seems to me of more importance, and indeed has 
no parallel among our species. formosa is not only always 
larger, it is also invariable stouter than vemista. A careful 
measurement shows that the average ratio of length to width of 
elytra is in formosa 100-667/3, and in venusta 100-60. The adja- 
cent extremes are well separated, in fact there seems to be very 
little variation in either case from the above averages. While, 
then, we might not safely lay much stress on either of the above 
differences by itself, their invariable association adds greatly to 
the significance of each, and forms a mass of presumtive evidence, 
which, in the absence of any positive proof to the contrary, 
would ordinarily be considered conclusive. Fortunately, how- 
ever, we need not stop here. In the form of the labrum we have 
another means of separation. In venusta this organ is more 
strongly produced in front and more feebly toothed. The dif- 
ference is entirely independent of sex, and while not very great, 
the practiced eye could accurately place every specimen by an 
examination of it alone. 

Finally, in the emargination of the sixth ventral of the male 
we have a character of the greatest importance. Every student 
recognizes the exceptional value of secondary sexual characters 
their invariability rendering them when present of the utmost 
service in separating closely allied species. In the males of 
formosa and generosa the sixth ventral is broadly, feebly, trian- 



178 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

gularly emarginate, while in venusta the emargination is deeper 
and narrowly oval. 

Since formosa and venusta inhabit the same region, and have 
in fact for several years been taken together by Mr. Knaus, it is 
reasonable to suppose that if they are merely varieties of one 
species, intermediate forms would occasionally occur. A letter 
of inquiry addressed to Mr. Knaus concerning this and some 
other points, brings an interesting reply, a part of which I quote 
below. 

" I have quite a large series of duplicates of both /ormosa, and 
venusta and there is no trouble in separating them. Formosa is 
uniformly more robust there is quite a variation in the width of 
the markings, but the middle band is always shorter and less 
bent downward than in venusta. The humeral lunule in venusta 
is also invariably less bent and extends further back than in 
formosa, sometimes almost uniting at the tip with the middle 
band. I have never seen the two in coitu, but have frequently 
thus taken venusta. Formosa is stronger in flight, and, if any- 
thing, more wary than venusta. I have really no evidence that 
formosa and vemisia intergrade. I have been inclined to the 
belief for some time that they were distinct species." 

The above remarks are certainly confirmatory of my conclu- 
sions, and I would only say in dismissing the subject that if any 
one possesses examples which can fairly be considered inter- 
mediate, or any facts which indicate specific identity, I would 
hold it a personal favor to be informed of them. 

Having in the foregoing investigation been incidentally led to 
make some comparative study of secondary sexual characters, I 
am prompted to add one or two remarks in this connection. 
The male characters which have been given as common to all the 
species of the genus are "Three joints of anterior tarsi dilated 
with short silken pubescence beneath, sixth ventral segment 
broadly emarginate, middle tibiae pubescent on the outer side 
(except pilatei and belfragei}" The degree of emargination 
of the sixth ventral, while practically constant within specific 
limits, varies greatly in different species. It appears to- reach its 
greatest development in circumpicta and togata, where it extends 
nearly two thirds the length of the segment, and from this ex-- 
treme it gradually decreases, until in cuprascens, puritana and 
macro, it becomes exceedingly feeble, or entirely wanting. In 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 179 

hirticollis, repanda and its varieties, and less conspicuously in 
Ihnbata, the emargination lies not upon the median line of the 
body, but noticeably to the left. A somewhat similar sexual 
asymmetrical modification of the last ventral has been recorded 
in the Pselaphide genus Sonoma (Faronus), and in the Staphy- 
linide genus Palaminus, but so far as I know the peculiarity is 
common to all species of these genera. It therefore seems very 
remarkable that so aberrant a structure should affect this small 
number of species in the very midst as it were of a homo- 
geneous genus. 

The last of three above named sexual characters males with 
the intermediate tibiae externally pubescent females glabrous, 
I can not all appreciate. The difference seems to me to be 
merely comparative, at least I have not yet found a specimen 
which does not show this pubescence, and while it is usually 
more conspicuous in the males, in not a few cases the difference 
is so slight as to be barely perceptible. 

A character which in very many species possesses a positive 
value, and to which I do not remember to have seen any allusion, 
exists in the extent of the pubescence which clothes the sides of 
the abdominal segments. In the males of most species the pubes- 
cence is always of nearly equal density on all the segments, 
while in the females the last segment is either entirely glabrous, 
or with at most a few hairs at the base. Dorsalis, puritana, 
lepida, gabbii, togata, scutellaris, tenuisignata and sigmoidea 
among others well illustrate this point. In some species (recti- 
latera, circumpida) the pubescence ends' abruptly with the fourth 
segment, and occasionally (yu/garis, abdominalis) the last three 
segments are unclothed. It is worthy of mention that the females 
of the western varieties of repanda (pregona an&guttifera) entirely 
lack the pubescence at the sides of the abdominal segments ; at 
least this is true in the fairly good series which I possess, and 
will, I suspect, prove characteristic. 



IN the. Deutsche Ent. Zeits. 1895, p. 58, Mr. J. Weise suggests the new 
generic name Fabricianus for our Cryptocephalus auratus. I n 1 880 (Trans. 
Am. Ent. Soc. viii, p. 196), Dr LeConte suggests the name Diac/iits for 
the same species and six others. In the Biologia i, p.' 149, Mr. Bates 
describes a Bembidium lucidum as a new species. The same was de- 
scribed by Dr. LeConte under the same name in 1848, Ann. Lye. iv, p. 
466. G. H. HORN. 



180 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

A MITE-LARVA PARASITIC ON TETTIX GRANULATUS. 

By JOSEPH L. HANCOCK. 

An interesting and as yet unidentified microscopical larva of a 
mite that I discovered on the pronotum of a small locust, Tettix 
granulatus, is here presented.* The accompanying drawings, 
Plate viii, figs, i and 2, illustrate this better than a word description, 
though some of thecharacters are especially noteworthy. Descrip- 
tion Hexapodal larva, length of body (to end of rostrum.) 18 mm. 
width . 25 mm. ; yellowish with blackish hairs. Abdomen oblong, 
clothed above with numerous short feathery hairs distributed 
below and above as shown in figs, i and 2 of Plate. The head 
is flattened, pyramidal, produced into a blunt pointed rostrum, 
the latter curved downwards and slightly dilated toward the end. 
A slender hair is inserted on the underside of the rostrum near 
the tip, on each side, a short distance from the middle line. The 
palpi are strong, thickened at the base, two -jointed, with an extra 
thumb process at the end, which is armed with two curved claws 
and a few short, stiff hairs, on the outerside of the thumb and the 
two main joints of palpi a single feathered hair grows from each, 
the one on the first joint being long and particularly noticeable. 
The legs are long, rather slender, of nearly equal length, com- 
posed of six articles, the tarsus of each leg ending in a pair of 
delicate hooks. Realizing the burden to science that a multi- 
plying of scientific names incurs I have refrained from suggesting 
a name for this larva, as many have previously done when de- 
scribing undetermined larval forms of mites. 

EXPLANATION OF PLATE. 
Fig. i.-- Ventral view of hexapodal larva, parasitic on Tettix granulatus. 

Original, greatly enlarged. 
Fig. 2. Dorsal view of same, correspondingly enlarged. Original. 



ACANTHOCHALEIS NiGRiCANs Cameron. Yesterday (April 9), I was 
so fortunate as to capture a 9 of this species at flowers of plum on the 
college farm, Las Cruces, New Mex. So far as I know, both genus and 
species are new to the U. S. fauna. The original specimen described by 
Cameron was from " Northern Sonora," collected by Morrison. T. D. 
A. COCKERELL, Las Cruces, N. Mex. 

* The specimen of Tettix from which this mite was taken was collected by Prof. A. P. 
Morse, at Wellesley, Mass. 




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1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. l8l 

Preliminary Notes on the Youngest Larval Stage 
of some Odonata. 

By PHILIP P. CALVERT. 

Availing myself of the facilities afforded by the Biological 
School of the University of Pennsylvania, I have recently studied, 
by means of sections and otherwise, the external and internal 
structure of the larvae of Gomphus exilis Selys and of Libellula 
pulchella Drury as it is immediately after hatching from the egg. 
The larvae were obtained by capturing the females while oviposit- 
ing, collecting the eggs in a tumbler of water and allowing them 
to remain undisturbed until hatched. The detailed results of 
these studies, it is hoped to publish later; a very brief summary 
of some of them follows, and only such facts as are believed to 
be new are mentioned.* It is my intention to eventually study 
the entire embryonic development of these insects. 

In both species studied, the divisions of the alimentary canal, 
fore-, mid- and hind-gut, occupy relatively different positions 
from those of the old nymph and imago, in that the fore-gut ex- 
tends only as far as the second thoracic segment, the mid-gut from 
the third thoracic to the third or fourth abdominal, the hind-gut 
from the latter point to the apex of the abdomen. It follows, 
therefore, that during larval development the three parts of the 
alimentary canal undergo a shifting backwards, accompanied by 
a relatively great decrease in the length of the hind-gut and, cor- 
respondingly, a relatively great increase in that of the mid-gut. 
This is correlated with the great increase in the length of the 
middle abdominal segments at transformation, due to the neces- 
sity for a long rudder or steering-apparatus behind the wings for 
the preservation of equilibrium in flight. No similar shifting of 
the abdominal ganglia occurs. 

In both species there are three, and only three, f Malpighian 
tubules present, of approximately equal length (.3 .35 mm. ), and 
three rectal glands. In L. pulchella , in front of the latter, are 
the beginnings of six rectal gills, but in G. exilis, with a longer 
embryonic period (216 to 240 hours, as compared with 144 to 

* A summary of the information then existing in regard to the structure of the youngest 
larvae of the Odonata is given by the present writer in Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. xx, pp. 195-6, 
October, 1893. 

t For a recent discussion of the Malpighian vessels of insects, see W. M. Wheeler, 
" Psyche," May to December, 1893. 



l82 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

1 68 hours for L. pulchella) these structures have not yet begun 
to appear. The larvae of G. exilis thus leave the egg in a less 
developed condition than do those of L. pulchella, as is also 
shown by the facts that food-yolk is still present in considerable 
quantity in the mid-gut of exilis, whereas none is to be seen in 
any part of the body of pulchella, and that, as a probable result 
of the foregoing, the mid-gut epithelium of pulchella is much 
thicker than that of exilis. 

Moreover, neither of these species show any trace of tracheae, 
blood vessels or reproductive organs, although tracheae are stated 
and figured by Packard* to occur in embryos of Dip/ax, whose 
age, however, is not given, and they exisfin larvtz of Mesothemis 
simplicicollis at sixteen days after oviposition and possibly earlier. 

The form of labium characteristic for the subfamily to which 
the species belongs, is already present in the youngest larvae of 
these two species, which also agree in possessing chitinous hairs 
on the dorsal side of the body, arranged in a bilaterally-symmet- 
rical manner. 

It is with a sad satisfaction that I acknowledge the aid and 
advice given by the late Professor John A. Ryder during a con- 
siderable part of these studies. 



-o- 



SAWDUST FOR STEAMING. 

By B. J. B. LEMBERT. 

How I came to use it would be too long a story to tell, but 
give it, hoping others will be benefited, as much as I have been. 
Mr. Wm. H. Edwards kindly furnished me with a description of 
his method of steaming insects; it superseded the use of sand 
steaming with me, but was not quite the thing for the mid and 
high Sierras; it required too much watching, and the thorax of 
the insects offered too much resistance to the passage of the pins 
through them. One day I filled an open tin dish with dampened 
sawdust, buried my papers with butterflies in them, in the saw- 
dust, left them there forty-eight hours, and to my surprise the 
insects were pinned and spread with an ease I had never as yet 
experienced. I then tried to improve the method. I procured 
a tin-box six inches broad, eight inches long and three inches 

* Proc. Host. Soc. Nat. Hist, xi, pp. 365-372, 1868. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 183 

deep, put in a depth of two inches of dampened sawdust, and 
in this I buried my papers of insects and left them forty eight 
hours with like results. Again I buried two papers twenty-four 
hours and then took them out, placed them on the surface of the 
sawdust forty-eight hours longer, replaced the cover both times. 
With the last method a Syneda moth became so limp that the 
wings laid over on my thumb and forefinger, the pin ran through 
body as if it were a jelly. Another plan I adopted was to fill a 
tin fruit-preserving can with sawdust, place a piece of tissue 
paper on the surface of the sawdust, take my insects out of the 
packets and place them on the tissue paper, then place an inverted 
tin can that will fit and cover the rimmed mouth of the can con- 
taining the sawdust. The vacuum in the top can holds the vapor 
and forces it to return to make its escape close to the insect, 
thus having a double action as it were. It is clear that there is 
an increased volume of vapor over sand and being held in bounds 
doubles its action and is possibly slightly acidulated, but this I 
will leave for science to deal with. Try it entomologists, there is 
room for improvement. For soft bodied moths and microlepi- 
doptera it works like a charm. Geometrids, Pyralids and smaller 
insects spread in from twelve to eighteen hours in the double can 
method, and with those that are left in longer, care must be taken 
in spreading to let the wings dry somewhat before putting on the 
bits of glass to keep them in place, as the wing may stick if too 
wet. This fact need hardly be stated to the experienced ento- 
mologist, but to those that are beginners caution is necessary. 
In using this method it will also be found that the antennae and 
bodies can be adjusted in any desirable position. 



-o- 



PSELAPHID/E. 

By EMIL BRENDEL. 

Bryaxis (Reichenbachia) semirugosa n. sp. is a dark umber-brown 
Pselaphide with legs and antenna; more dull reddish brown and 1.3 mm. 
long. Head, prothorax and abdomen polished impunctate, the elytra 
deeply and roughly variolate, the variolae irregularly transversely, eyes 
small prominent ; vertex quadrate with three large, equal confluent 
equidistant foveoe; clypeus transverse as long as the rather long, bilobed 
labrum. Antennae about as long as the head and prothorax, the joints 
3-7 oblong conical, the 8 smallest quadrate, 9 and 10 slightly transverse, 
rapidly increasing in width, u large, obliquely pointed; prothorax very 



184 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

convex, wider than long, lateral fovea very large, the median one small, 
djgep and circular. Elytra with the shoulders broad, rounded, the discal 
lines slightly impressed; first dorsal segment four times wider than long, 
border widely reflexed, the carinae sharp, divergent, short more than one- 
fifth of the segmental width apart, disc at the base each side deeply 
depressed. 

Male and female, East Alleghanies, Jerome Schmitt. It ranges 
near R. cribricollis. 

In order to correct certain odd presumptions, I do here, for 
the last time, give the diagnoses of the following species : 

R. gemmifer. Pronotum with small, evenly distributed punc- 
tures, abdominal carinulae very close, hardly visible beyond the 
elytra. 

R. canadensis. Pronotum coarsely punctured, in the 9 
smaller, carinae sometimes almost as long as the segment, close 
at the base and divergent. Elytra and dorsum punctulate. 

R. cribricollis. Pronotum coarsely punctured almost variolate, 
carinae less than one-third of the segmental width apart, slightly 
divergent. 

R. pundicollis. Pronotum evenly, sharply punctured, carina 
much more than one-third apart. R. divergent and radians 
have the pronotum impunctate, carinse close at the base. 

R. diver gens. Carinae short, elytra unevenly punctured 1.2 
mm. long. 

R. radians. Carinse one-half the length of the segment, 
elytra impunctate, 1.5 mm. long. 

R. inopia? Casey. First insufficiently described, then com- 
pared with Nisaxis tomentosa, then the fabricant joined it to 
rubicunda, still later to pundicollis, and finally ruminating the 
same again disgorged it identical with liltoralis. 

Casey evidently does not know, what he is about in trying to 
save ' ' inopia Cas. ' ' 

Bryaxis labyrinthea Cas. is, indeed, very closely allied to B. 
intermedia, which also comes from New York, so closely that 
there is hardly room for a variety. 

Rybaxis mystica Cas. a variety of conjunda, described by me 
as R varicornis, 

Tychus testaceus Cas. formerly sworn to be different from T. 
minor, which is really the truth, is now again unsworn and said 
to be identical, probably in order to make two n. sp., which do 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 185 

not differ from T. minor except in the " vertexal spiculae," and 
not even among themselves according to the descriptions. 

Oropus striatus, (subimpunctate) and Oropus monlanus 
(strongly punctured) are good species. The rest of Oropus were 
several times reduced and restored. 

Rhexidiiis asperulus nil 

Sagola (not Sonoma) tolultz, isabellce, corticina and parviceps 
are good species; the rest,. owing to the variation of sexual ven- 
tral distortions in almost every individual, are invalids. 

If Casey found in LeConte's cabinet a R. divergens with punc- 
tured pronotum, the label has been misplaced by negligent, or 
perhaps willful hands. LeConte's collection ought to be watched 
better, to prevent handling it by light-fingered persons. 

Casey commenced to do with the Pselaphidae as he did with 
Stenus, Trogophlceus, Sitones and the Baridse, but " Je ne voud- 
rai pas etre violente d'oter lafumier de ses synonymes. " 



-o- 



AFTER COLEOPTERA. 

By J. H. B. BLAND, Philadelphia, Pa. 

From the 6th to 2oth of July, 1884, I had the opportunity oi 
collecting along the banks of Poko Poko Creek, which empties 
into the Lehigh River, at Parry ville, Carbon County, Pa.; the 
creek flows between a series of mountains; the timber is mostly 
pine, interspersed with oak. hickory and maple; the soil surface 
is covered with small stones to such an extent that it looked as 
if it would discourage any agriculturist. Carabidas were very 
scarce, and I found but few specimens by beating I obtained 
Corymbites hieroglyphicus, C. hamatus, Adelocera marmorata, , 
Goes debilis, Leptostyius macula, Liopus alpha, Lyturgus querci, 
Hyperplatys aspersus, H. maculatus, Strangalia bicolor, S. fa- 
melica and Chrysobothris scitula. 

Two days I devoted to aquatic Coleoptera. On the edge of the 
creek I found two species of Berosus, two of Dineutes, two of 
Haliplus, two of Dryops. About one-quarter mile from the 
mouth of the creek there is a dam; the stream below, the distance 
of one hundred feet, has a considerable number of submerged 
plants, some having the appearance of moss, others have a round 
form; from these I captured quite a number of Ehnis, Stenehnis, 



186 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

and Macronychus. I used a fine brass-wire sieve, lifting the stones 
with the plants attached into the sieve; returning to the bank I had 
a white muslin cloth spread on the ground; distributing the plants 
on the cloth, many of the beetles left immediately, others I ob- 
tained by pulling them from the stones and washing them in the 
sieve; then using a lens in finding them; also picking them out 
of crevices with the point of a small pocket knife. I found plants 
growing on the slag, from an iron furnace, the most favorable 
for that kind of collecting. This portion of my work was at a 
depth of 8 1 6 inches of water. I also tried sinking pieces of 
wood, securing them by weights, which yielded a few specimens 
each day. 

o 

Leucarctia rickseckeri. 

Mr. L. E. Ricksecker has kindly presented to the American 
Entomological Society a pair of the fine species named in his 
honor by Dr. H. H. Behr in " Zoe," vol. iv, p. 247. L. rick- 
seckeri may be described as follows : 

It is about the size of small specimens of L. acrcsa. The wings of the 
female are immaculate, except a minute black discal spot on anterior 
wing. Body similar to L. acrata, but with the black spots fainter, some- 
times obsolete. In the male the thorax and anterior wings are a diffused 
smoky color, immaculate, except the minute discal spot ; posterior wings 
yellowish brown, with one discal and two or three submarginal spots quite 
indistinct and nearly obsolete. Both pairs of wings are brown underneath, 
with a few variable, obsolete, black points. 

Mr. Ricksecker speaks of the species as follows: "June n, 
1891, I found three larvae about full grown, similar in general ap- 
pearance to those of L. acrcea on a species of Senecia. They 
commenced spinning cocoons June 18, and three males emerged 
July 18, 1891. June 18, 1893, I visited the same place, and after 
a long day's diligent search I had twelve caterpillars. June 15 
they commenced spinning cocoons; June 20 eight cocoons (the 
remainder escaped from the cage); July 5-12 six imagines $ 2, 
94. Two cocoons contained parasites. Locality, Sonoma Co. , 
Cala." (We have reproduced the above for the benefit of those 
who do not have the pleasure of reading " Zoe.") 



i8 9 5-] 1 87 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADVANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

SS^r All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., JUNE, 1895. 
A NEW DEPARTURE. 

(See page ii of cover.) 

Dr. R. Ottolengui has inaugurated something new in entomology, at 
least in this country. Auction Sales of insects are quite common in Eng- 
land because entomologists are more numerous there than here. We 
think the plan is a good one, and we wish it success; there is no doubt 
but that Dr. Ottolengui will deal justly with all. Rule second we think 
is a mistake, and should be modified. We think that all kinds of ma- 
terial for which there is any sale should be listed. Many people want 
common material at a low price. Cabinets and apparatus might also be 
disposed of in the same way. There are also doubtless many small col- 
lections for sale that could be had at a small figure, and that would be a 
big aid to the beginner, especially if correctly named. As an example of 
the latter, the American Entomological Society has a large amount of 
duplicate Coleoptera that it would sell at almost any price as the space 
it now occupies is more valuable than the specimens. We will view with 
much interest the result of this first annual sale. 



THE vesicatory principle of the blister-fly is called Cantharidine , and has 
been ascertained by experiment to reside more particularly in the wings 
than in other parts of the body. Our officinal insect is the Cantharis vesi- 
catoria ; and since the principal supply is from Spain, we call them com- 
monly Spanish-flies. In Italy, the Rlylabris cichorii, a native of the south 
of Europe, is used ; and the M. pustulata, a native of China, is used by 
the Chinese, who also export it to Brazil, where it is the only species em- 
ployed. In India also a species of Jl/e/oe is used, possessing all the 
properties of the Spanish-fly. Covan's Curious Facts. 



1 88 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B, SMITH, Sc. D., New Brunswick, N. J. 



Insect Life. Since the above comments (see last NEWS) on the San Jose" 
Scale were written, the New York "Sun " of April 3rd, has commented on 
some of the contents of this same number of " Insect Life," and in a some- 
what different strain. " If you see it in the " Sun " it's so :" that is, what 
appears in every issue of that remarkably bright and interesting news- 
paper ; but the difficulty is, although the "Sun" usually tells the truth, 
it does not always tell all the truth, and this is the case when it comments 
in rather a sarcastic and caustic manner upon two notes concerning the 
migration of the Cockroaches, and the record of an abnormal Might of 
butterflies. It intimates that this must necessarily be of vast importance 
to the agriculturists at large and gives the impression that it is practically 
all that this number of " Insect Life " contains. It fails to tell the whole 
truth, because it ignores the contribution to the life-history of the San 
Jose" Scale, which is certainly practical, and the paper on the new cotton 
Anthonomus. The outcome of the frost in Florida, as far as the destruc- 
tion of injurious insects is concerned, is certainly of some importance, and 
indeed with the possible exception of the two articles above mentioned 
comprising in all only two or three pages out of nearly eighty, everything 
in the number is decidedly practical. This brings me to the real point 
of this note ! It has been stated with more or less authority that " Insect 
Life " was about to be discontinued at the end of the current volume. 
It is to be hoped that this is a mistake, and that the authorities will not 
be unfavorably influenced by criticisms of the character above referred to. 
The volumes of " Insect Life" contain a great amount of practical ento- 
mological information: they contain also much of scientific interest that 
is indispensible to the student of Economic Entomology. " Insect Life " 
has been criticised as journalistic in character, and so far as this has been 
the case it has been open to criticism; but this is a minor feature, which can 
be easily omitted without injuring the general character of the publication 
itself. It has also been criticised for containing descriptive and sys- 
tematic matter which has no place in a government publication of that 
description. Admitting even this criticism to be valid, yet even with this 
feature omitted, there would remain a great amount of valuable material 
of an economic character, which is perfectly suitable for publication by 
the government and decidedly useful to agriculturists and to other working 
entomologists. It goes almost without saying that with a force of men, 
such as are in the employ of the Division of Entomology, many inter- 
esting observations are made outside of those investigations in which the 
gentlemen concerned are especially employed. Yet their special employ- 
ment only is made to form the burden of the Annual Report and the 
subjects of periodical Bulletins issued from time to time. A vast number 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 189 

of minor observations, hardly suitable for the Report, or the special Bul- 
letins, would be wasted without an outlet like "Insect Life," and frequently 
it becomes very desirable to reach the farming community promptly with 
information that will be useful and can be copied and reprinted in the 
agricultural journals of the country at large. In the opinion of the writer 
it will be a serious mistake to discontinue now, after seven years, the 
publication of so useful a periodical as " Insect Life." 

Vapors and Gases as Insecticides. Within the last month three Bulletins 
have been received speaking of the use of vapors, either of bisulphide 
of carbon or hydrocyanic acid, for insecticide purposes. Bulletin 27 of 
the Iowa Station contains records of a series of experiments on melon 
lice, which do not seem to have been quite as successful or conclusive as 
those which were carried on by myself and recorded in Bulletin No. 109 
of the New Jersey Station. I am not able to understand at present, the 
reasons for the differences in the result, because I have never had any 
revival of plant lice treated with the bisulphide after they were in my 
judgment dead. I have used the material since my melon lice experi- 
ments in a number of instances, on potted plants, and always with abso- 
lute success. So also I have had reports from growers of vegetables 
under glass that the material has proved successful in destroying plant 
lice on lettuces where the benches were covered with a sash. A few 
experiments with hydrocyanic acid gas are also recorded; but here also 
the success was only partial, and in rather strong contrast with the expe- 
riences recorded by Prof. Carman, in Bulletin No. 53, of the Kentucky 
Experiment Station. Mr. Garman found that using the gas would ac- 
complish the desired end of killing plant lice in about four minutes, 
whereas the bisulphide would require about an hour ; therefore the 
advantage in some directions certainly seems to be with the hydrocyanic 
acid gas. But this is such a violent poison that I confess to some hesita- 
tion in advising its use. After all it will need many more experiments 
before we can be certain of just what this gas will do. It may have a 
field larger than we now realize, and almost undoubtedly the introduction 
of this gas and the vapor of the bisulphide will make a considerable 
change in insecticide practice. It is another index of the change in the 
work of the Economic Entomologist, to which reference was made in 
the last number of the NEWS. 

THE vulgar opinion that the ear-wig, Forficula auricularia, seeks to 
introduce itself into the ear of human beings, and causes much injury to 
that organ, is very ancient, but not founded on fact, for they are perfectly 
harmless. To this opinion the names of this insect in almost all European 
languages point ; as in English, ear-wig- (from Anglo-Saxon care, the ear, 
and wigga, a worm ; hence, also, our word wiggle) ; in French, Perce- 
oreille, and in German, Ohr-u'iirtn. But, according to some writers, these 
arose from the shape of the wing when expanded, which then resembles 
the human ear ; and ear-wig might easily be a corruption of ear-re/;/^, 
Cozvans Curious Facts. 

6* 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

Notes a.n.d News. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 
OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in eai-h case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put " copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five "extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



THE NEWS will not be published during July and August. This num- 
ber contains 36 pages. 

A CURIOUS PICTURE DISCOVERED AT HAMILTON COLLEQE. A curious 
specimen of slow photography, says the New York Sun, came to light 
recently in the renovation of the collection of insects in the natural science 
hall at Hamilton College. It was years since the cabinets had been opened 
or the specimens moved or rearranged. In a corner of a cabinet that 
stood facing a window was a very large specimen of the common blue 
swallow-tail butterfly (Papilio asterias], which had been all but destroyed 
by butterfly lice, diminutive insects that work havoc among mounted 
specimens unless their inroads are guarded against by chemicals. 

Inspector William P. Shepard, who was renovating the collection, re- 
moved the butterfly and was surprised to find beneath it, on the white 
paper with which the cabinet was lined, an exact reproduction of the in- 
sect, even to the most minute curves and points in the outline of the wings. 
The paper was carefully removed, and now forms an exhibit by itself in 
another part of the hall. The process of photography had perhaps con- 
sumed eight years, as the butterfly had remained in the cabinet undis- 
turbed for at least that period. Philadelphia Record. 

PROFESSOR "How many legs have insects ? " Candidate "Five per 
cent, of insects have no legs at all, 1 1 per cent, have one, 14 per cent, two or 
three, 10 per cent, four and five, but none six." Professor "How in the 
world did you get this answer?" Candidate " By carefully examining 
the collection belonging to the Hamilton College." 

A NEW FOOD PLANT FOR HYPATUS (LIBYTHEA) BACHMANI. This 
butterfly has been taken a number of times west of Lincoln, hovering 
around over the large tracts of wolf-berry (Syniphoricarpus occiden fa/is), 
which covers the low ground near the creek. The eggs and larvae have 
a'so been found on this shrub, and Mr. Roscoe Pound, a former student 
interested in the study of Lepidoptera, has collected and reared the larva* 
to maturity on this wolf-berry. No hack-berry trees are to be found any- 



1 895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. IQI 

where in the vicinity, and for that matter few are to be found about the 
city. Prof. Lawrence Bruner says he has never taken the larvae on any 
other plant than the wolf-berry in Nebraska, and the butterfly is usually 
to be caught hovering near such a patch. As the Hypatus bachmani is a 
rather common butterfly in southeastern Nebraska, and the hack-berry 
trees are scarce, it is evident that its chief source of food in this region 
is found in the more common wolf-berry. H. G. BARBER, University of 
Nebraska, Lincoln, Neb. 



Identification of Insects dmagos) for Subscribers. 



Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending ; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Entomological Liter atu.re. 



[The Associate Editor, contemplating an extended absence from Phila- 
delphia, offered his resignation to the chairman of the Publication Com- 
mittee of the NEWS. While this has not been accepted, his editorial 
connection for the present will be nominal only, and beginning with the 
next (September) number the Entomological Literature will be under the 
charge of Mr. William J. Fox. It may be well to add that the Associate 
Editor has exercised his editorial functions, during the past five years, 
only in preparing the monthly summaries of the entomological literature 
and the annual indices to the volume. P. P. C.] 

1. THE ANNALS AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY. London, 
April, 1895. Contributions to the phylogeny of the Arachnida. On the 
position of the Acarina: The so-called Malpighian tubes and the respira- 
tory organs of the Arachnida, J. Wagner (transl. from Jen. Zeit. Naturwis.). 
Description of a new suctorial millipede sent from Trinidad by Mr. J. H. 
Hart of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Trinidad, R. I. Pocock. 

2. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEiGER. Leipsic, April 8, 22, 1895. On the Hy- 
drachnid genera Arrenurus Duges and 7 hyas C. L. Koch, R. Piersig. 

3. BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE VAUDOISE DES SCIENCES NATURELLES 
(3), xxxi, No. 115. Lausanne, June, 1894 (received April 23, 1895). Re- 
searches on the metamorphosis of the Lepidoptera (the formation of the 
imaginal appendices in the pupa of Pieris brassier), ]. Gonin, figs., 5 pis. 



192 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

4. THE BOTANICAL GAZETTE. Madison, Wis., April, 1895. Flowers 
and insects xiv, C. Robertson [Gentiana, Phlox, Mimu/us, etc.]. 

5. THE KANSAS UNIVERSITY QUARTERLY, iii, 4. Lawrence. Kans., 
April, 1895 (received April 23). Diptera of Colorado and New Mexico, 
W. A. Snow. Supplementary list of North American Syrphidae, id. 
Dialysis and Triptotricha, S. W. Williston, fig. New Bombyliidae, id. 

6. BULLETIN No. 28. Hatch Experiment Station of the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College. Amherst, Mass., April, 1895. Canker worms, 
army worm, corn worm, red-humped apple tree caterpillar, antiopa but- 
terfly, currant stem-girdler, imported elm bark louse, greenhouse Orthezia, 
C. P. Lounsbury. 

7. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD. London, April 15, 1895. Iris, G. 
M. A. Hewett. Notes on butterfly pups, with some remarks on the 
phylogenesis of the Rhopalocera (concl.), T. A. Chapman. May i, 1895. 
The genus Smerinthus, A. Bacot. Variation considered biologically: 
being some notes suggested by the Romanes lecture of 1894, J. W. Tutt. 
On wing structure, J. A. Moffat. Pre-occupied generic names in the 
Lepidoptera, A. R. Grote. 

8. ARCHIV DES VEREINS DER FREUNDE DER NATURGESCHICHTE IN 
MECKLENBURG, 48 Jahrgang, 1894, i Abtheil. Guestrow, 1894. The 
beetle remains of the Dobbertine Lias, E. Geinitz-Rostock, i pi. 

9. SITZUNGS-BERICHT DER GESELLSCHAFT NATURFORSCHENDER FRE- 
UNDE zu BERLIN, March 19, 1895. On the participation of the male of a 
Belostomid in the care of the young, E. Schmidt. 

10. BULLETIN DES SEANCES DE LA SOCIETE NATIONALS D'AGRICUL- 
TURE DE FRANCE, Iv, i. Paris, 1895. Neuronia popularis in the pastur- 
ages of the north of France, M. Laboulbene. 

11. COMPTES RENDUS. SOCIETE DE BIOLOGIE. Paris, April 6, 1895. 
On the progenesis of psoric Sarcoptidse, Dr. Trouessart. 

12. LEPIDOPTERA INDICA. By F. Moore. Pt. xx. London, L. Reeve 
& Co., 1895 (received April 30, 1895). Contains pp. 177-192 of vol. ii, pis. 
147-154 [Amathusiinas]. 

13. THIRD SUPPLEMENT to the List of Coleoptera of America, North of 
Mexico, by Samuel Henshaw. Philadelphia: American Entomological 
Society, 1895; 62 pp. "The present supplement to the List of Coleop- 
tera of America north of Mexico (Philadelphia, 1885), includes all the 
additions and corrections contained in the first and second supplements; 
also such as have been noted since May, 1889. The species are numbered 
continuously with the List" and the total now amounts to 11,255. 

14. DIE KAFER VON MITTELEUROPA. Die Kafer der cesterreichisch- 
ungarischen Monarchic, Deutschlands, der Schweiz, sowie des franzcesis- 
chen und italienischen Alpengebietes. Bearbeitet von Ludwig Ganglbauer. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 1 93 

Zweiter Band. Familienreihe Staphylinoidea. I. Theil Staphylinidse, 
Pselaphjdae. Mit 38 Holzschnittfiguren im Text. Wien, Carl Gerold's 
Sohn, 1895, pp. vi, 881. 

15. LE NATURALISTE. Paris, April 15, 1895. Acridophagous birds, 
M. Forest. 

16. BIOLOGISCHES CENTRALBLATT. Erlangen, April 15, 1895. Felix 
Plateau's observations and experiments on the means of protection of 
Abraxas grossulariata, H. Tiebe. 

17. ANNALES DES SCIENCES NATURELLES, ZOOLOGIE (7), xix, 4-6. 
Paris, 1895. Glandular apparatus of the Hymenoptera (concl.), L. Bordas, 
3 pis. 

1 8. LA NATURE. Paris, March 16, April 20, 1895. Fossil insects of 
Primary times, C. Brongniart, 3 figs. 

19. THE CANADIAN RECORD OF SCIENCE, vi, 2. Montreal, April, 1894 
(received May 7, 1895). Ancient Myriapods, G. F. Matthew. 

20. NOTES FROM THE LEYDEN MUSEUM, xvi, 3-4, July-October, 1894 
(received May 7, 1895). Descriptions of some new Brenthidae, A. Senna. 

21. "KNOWLEDGE. London, May i, 1895. The Winter-life of insects 
ii, E. A. Butler, figs. 

22. JAHRBUCH DER KONIGL. PREUSSISCHEN GEOLOGISCHEN LANDE- 

SANSTALT UND BERGAKADEMIE ZU BERLIN, xiv, 1894. IllSCCt borings in 

the brown coal of Brandenburg, O. von Gellhorn, i pi. 

23. THE TRANSACTIONS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, 
1895, pt. i, April 25, 1895. A list of the Lepidoptera of the Khasia hills, 
part iii, Col. C. Svvinhoe. Notes on the fungus growing and eating habit 
of Sericomyrmex opacus Mayr, F. W. Urich. On the Longicorn Cole- 
optera of the West India Islands, C. J. Gahan. Life-history of Pericoma 
canescens (Psychodidae), Prof. L. C. Miall and N. Walker, 2 pis.; with a 
bibliographical and critical appendix, Baron Osten Sacken. Questions 
bearing on specific stability, F. Galton. 

24. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON 1894, pt. 
iv, April T, 1895. Descriptions of new species of Coleoptera of the genera 
Oedionychus and Asphcera, M. Jacoby. 

25. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, May, 1895. On the causes of va- 
riation and aberration in the imago state of butterflies, with suggestions 
on the establishment of new species (cont.), Dr. M. Standfuss, translated 
by F. A. Dixey. A catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Ireland (cont.), W. 
F. deV. Kane. Those "jumping eggs," C. C. Hopley. 

26. PSYCHE. Cambridge, May, 1895. On a rational nomenclature of 
the veins of insects, especially those of Lepidoptera, A. S. Packard, figs. 
The genus Oxyptila, N. Banks. Colias hccla, H. Skinner. 



IQ4 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

27. THE CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST. London, Ont., May, 1895. The 
Coleoptera of Canada ix, H. F. Wickham, figs. List of butterflies taken 
at Winnipeg, Man., 1894, A. W. Hanham. New Tachinidas with a slender 
proboscis, D. W. Coquillett. Notes on the Thyatiridee, H. G. Dyar. 
Preliminary studies in Siphonaptera iv, C. F. Baker. Note on the Pla- 
typterygidse, A. R. Grote. Additions to the list of U. S. Hymenoptera, 
T. D. A. Cockerell. A new Pulvinaria found on Orchids, id. The use 
of Megalopyge, A. R. Grote. Bombycidce Zygaenidae, H. G. Dyar. 

28. ENTOMOLOGISCHE NACHRICHTEN, xxi, 8. Berlin, April, 1895. 
On gall-fly larvae inhabiting moss, J. J. Kieffer. Mesotenus as a parasite 
of Eumenes, H. Friese. In remembrance of Dr. phil. Erich Haase [sum- 
mary of his contributions to insect phylogeny], C. Verhoeff. 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper was published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 

Robertson 4, Lounsbury 6, Tutt 7, Moffat 7, Forest 15, Brongniart 18, 
Butler 21, von Gellhorn 22, Galton 23, Packard 26, Verhoeff 28. 

ARACHNIDA. 

Wagner i, Piersig 2, Trouessart n, Banks 26*. 

MYRIAPODA. 
Pocock i, Matthew 19. 

HEMIPTERA. 
Schmidt 9, Cockerell 27*. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Geinitz-Rostock 8, Henshaw 13, Ganglbauer 14, Senna 20*, Gahan 23*, 
Jacoby 24*, Hopley 25, Wickham 27. 

DIPTERA. 

Snow 5* (two), Williston 5* (two), Miall and Walker 23, Osten Sacken 
23, Coquillett 27*, Baker 27*, Kieffer 28. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Gonin 3, Hewett 7, Chapman 7, Bacot 7, Grote 7, 27 (two), Moore 12, 
Laboulbene 10, Tiebe 16, Swinhoe 23, Standfuss 25, Kane 25, Packard 26, 
Skinner 26, Hanham 27, Dyar 27 (two). 

HYMENOPTERA. 
Bordas 17, Urich 23, Cockerell 27, Friese 28. 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. VII. 




C. ERNST SEEBER. 



See page 195. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 195 

Doings of Societies. 

PHILADELPHIA, MAY 14, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, No. 1509 S. i3th St. Members present: 
Messrs. Bland, Fox, H. W. Wenzel, Laurent, Trescher, E. Wenzel, 
Johnson, Boerner, Schmitz, Drs. Castle and Griffith. Honorary members: 
Prof. J. B. Smith and Dr. Henry Skinner. Visitor : Mr. W. j. Gerhard. 
Meeting called to order 8.50 P.M., President Bland in the chair. Com- 
mittee on Photograph reported progress, Mr. Wenzel exhibiting a photo- 
graph of the late Mr. Seeber, which was obtained from one of the Social's 
group pictures. 

Committee on Resolutions presented the following which was approved 
"The Feldman Collecting Social having heard with deep sorrow of the 
death of C. Ernst Seeber, one of its oldest and most assiduous members 
and former vice-president, be it 

Resolved, that it is the sense of this meeting that in the death of our 
fellow-member and co-laborer, entomology has lost a devoted follower, 
one whose memory will ever be revered by his associates, who mourn 
his loss deeply; and that a record of these resolutions be made on our 
minutes, and a transcript be forwarded to the family of the deceased, as 
a mark of sympathy in its bereavement. 

H. W. WENZEL, ) 

D. M. CASTLE, M. D., \ Committee. 

WM. J. Fox, j 

The committee also presented a memoir on the life of Mr. Seeber, 
which was read by Mr. Wenzel, and on motion the committee was in- 
structed to have the photograph and memoir published in the columns 
of the ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



In the death of C. Ernst Seeber, March 28, 1895, entomology, particularly 
local entomology, loses one of its most arduous followers. Mr. Seeber 
was born in Gschwend Gaildorf, Wurtenburg, Germany, Dec. 21, 1833, 
and graduated from the high school at Crailsheim. He learned his trade 
at Backnang, in the same province, where he also took a course in sur- 
gery. From Backnang he went to Stuttgart, where he held a position 
from 1850 to 1853. In the latter year he came to the United States, re- 
siding at Trenton, N. J., until 1855, when lie came to Philadelphia and 
started in business. He soon became acquainted with some of the local 
collectors, and was elected a member of the American Entomological 
Society in August, 1862. 

From boyhood up to the time of his death, entomology was his favorite 
pursuit, although averse to prominence in the literary field and in sys- 
tematic work, a fact which is fully attested by the absence of his name 
from among the contributors to our entomological Journals, and in conse- 



196 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

quence of which was probably unknown outside of Philadelphia. His 
keenness of observation, love of nature, and his knowledge of field work 
placed him among the first rank of collectors, whose work is really the 
basis of deeper research. He was always willing to impart to others the 
secrets of mother nature that his sharp sense of discernment may have 
uncovered. In his early life Lepidoptera was his favorite study, but in 
later years he became more interested in Coleoptera, of which order he 
became the possessor of a very large collection, which he finally, after 
the death of his wife, disposed of. His love for nature was not confined 
to entomology as a glance at the garden attached to his residence would 
have shown, and in later years when his business affairs permitted not of 
excursions to the country, many were the beetles, butterflies, and wasps 
taken by him on the flowers planted and nursed by him, and which col- 
lection he used to take pleasure in dubing " my back yard collections." 

At the time of his death he was connected with several German societies, 
and took an active part in the meetings of the Feldman Collecting Social, 
of which society he was formerly vice-president, and at which his jovial 
nature and witticisms were a pleasing adjunct, in fact, his failure to attend 
a meeting was always cansidered a matter of regret by his fellow-members. 
His death was a matter of much regret, and he died as he lived beloved 
by all who knew him. 



Dr. Skinner exhibitedabox of butterflies {Anthocharisgenutid) collected 
by Mr. Gerhard and himself on May 5th at Arcola, on the Perkiomen Creek. 
His object, he stated was firstly toshow how Lepidoptera should be caught; 
secondly how mounted and thirdly how and what data should go on the pin. 
Prof. Smith remarked, that the weather in the early part of May had 
proven very unfavorable for the pollination of fruit blossoms by bees; he 
stated also that he had noticed acre upon acre of one variety of pear, 
planted throughout Burlington County, N. ]., and there was no evidence 
of bee culture for miles to further pollination; he further stated that what 
pollination was done, was not done by the honey bee, but by a very small 
species. Prof. Smith also stated that in the early part of this month he 
had found a number of infested Kiefer pear trees, and on breaking a 
number of twigs he found them to contain Agrilus sinuafns in the pupa 
state, it being the introduced European species which he mentioned 
before as attacking the pear in New Jersey. He had cut quite a number 
of these twigs, which contained larvae of the aforesaid species. Mr. Fox 
exhibited two species of Vespidae belonging to the genera Chartergus 
and Polybia respectively, which showed a remarkable superficial resem- 
blance ; both were from Tepic, Mex., and the Polybia is a new species. 
Mr. VVenzel remarked that on May loth he had noticed the first large 
flight of Lachnasterna inicans, hirticnla and arcnata; he also exhibited 
specimens of Calasoma frigiduni and Panagtzus fasciatus from the low 
lands below Philadelphia, remarking that they were the first taken by 
him in this locality. Of Buprestis ultramarina he found several speci- 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. IQ7 

mens on May sth; also Cremastochilus harrisi, in numbers on same date. 
Mr. Bland mentioned observing near Newton Creek, N. J., on April uth, 
Cidndela repanda and C. modesta congregated in great numbers in a 
space of about thirty feet in diameter, the specimens being fresh in color, 
as though just having emerged into the imago form. He had also found 
near Manyunk, Pa., on May sth, Cyllene pictus very abundant on hickory. 
Prof. Smith suggested the appointing of a committee empowered to act 
in reference to a field meeting of the different societies on July 4th. A 
motion being made and carried to that effect the president appointed Dr. 
H. G. Griffith and Mr. Wm. J. Fox. No further business being presented 
the meeting adjourned to the annex at 10.30 p. M. 

THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION of the Chicago Academy of Sciences. An 
informal meeting of this Section was held at the home of A. J. Snyder, 
2622 Hartzell Street, North Evanston, 111., on Friday evening, May iyth. 
A private collection of Lepidoptera was examined, notes of the season 
compared, and some collecting done in the evening. 

A. J. SNYDER, Recorder. 



The Entomological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 

APRIL 25, 1895. 

A regular stated meeting of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences was held in the Hall, S. W. cor. Nineteenth and Race 
Streets, this evening, Dr. Geo. H. Horn, director, presiding. Meeting 
called to order at 8.20 p. M. Members present: Seiss, E. T. Cresson, Fox, 
Ridings, Liebeck. Associates: Westcott, Bland, Boerner. Mr. William 
J. Gerhard visitor. The publication Committee reported in favor of the 
publication of the following papers: "Review of the Stratiomyia and 
Odontomyia of North America." By Chhas \V. Johnson. " List of the 
Coleoptera of Southwestern Pennsylvania, with Notes of Frequency of 
Occurrence." By Dr. John Hamilton. "The Species of Dineutes of 
Boreal America." By Chris. H. Roberts. A letter from Mrs. Peary was 
read in relation to a Greenland Relief Expedition to bring her husband 
home. Paper No. 307 was presented for publication. Dr. Skinner ex- 
hibited larvae of Trogoderma in great numbers, which had been discov- 
ered by Mr. Gerhard in the window ventilator in the room of the Section. 
Dr. Horn spoke of the larvce of Triboliwn being a museum pest, but 
eating principally paste and cork. He further said the two species had 
been confounded in collections, T. ferrugineum being separated from 
confusum by the last three joints of the antennae being abruptly broader, 
while in confusum the antennae are gradually broader to apex. The 



1 98 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

speaker also said that Copttirus minufus had been recently taken on the 
seashore by the Philadelphia collectors, it being a Southern species. A 
nearly related species has also been found at Cape San Lucas. The 
speaker pointed out the differences existing between the species. 

Dr. HENRY SKINNER, Recorder. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



TWO NEW SPECIES OF CLISTOPYGA. 

By G. C. DAVIS. 

Clistopyga zonata n. sp. $. Length 6 mm.; ovipositor i mm. Black, 
with white markings ; the pleurse and sternae of meso- and metathorax 
rufous, also the scutellum and four posterior coxae and femora ; the an- 
tennae, two stripes on mesonotum and more or less of the anterior portion 
of the abdominal segments, reddish brown; the face, orbital lines to the 
back of the occiput, mouth except tips of mandibles, tegulae, spot beneath, 
long line in front, postscutellum, spot on outer angles of metathorax, 
anterior coxae, all the trochanters and a transverse band near the apex 
of the first five abdominal segments, white ; femora, tibiae and tarsi of 
anterior legs, reddish white; tibiae and tarsi of middle legs white, the 
tarsal joints more or less tipped with black; tibiae and tarsi of hind legs 
white, with a band near the apex of the femora, a band on the second 
fifth of the tibiae, and another on the apical two-fifths, and also the tips 
of the tarsal joints, black. Wings hyaline, iridescent; areolet wanting, 
with the space pentagonal in outline; mesonotum full, oval, bulging con- 
siderably in front; parapsidal grooves nearly obsolete; mesothorax deep; 
metathorax and abdomen closely and rather coarsely punctured; the first 
segment of the abdomen has a broad, flat disc near the base, extending 
to near the middle of the segment, and margined with a small, but dis- 
tinct carina. The following segments are narrowed at the base and with 
a shallow transverse depression anterior to the white bands. 

One specimen from Dr. W. A. Nason, of Algonquin, 111. 

Clistopyga alborhombarta n. sp. 9- Length 6mm.; ovipositor i mm. 
Black, with white markings; pleurae and sternum, rufous; face, mouth, 
scape beneath, orbital lines above antennae terminating in a large disc on 
the vertex; tegulae, spot in front, spot beneath, margins of mesonotum 
with the lines recurving and uniting before the scutellum ; scutellums, 
pictus, all of the coxae, four anterior trochanters and five diamond-shaped 
spots on the abdomen, white; four anterior legs with femora and tibia; 
white, spotted more or less with light brown, tarsi white, with joints 
tipped with brown, terminal joint black at tip; posterior legs white, with 
basal part of trochanters, a patch on upper terminal third of tibiae and 
all of the tarsi, except base of joints, black; the large white spots on the 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 1 99 

abdomen are at the base of segments 2-6; the one on segment 2 is rect- 
angular and covers about two-fifths of the segment either way, each suc- 
ceeding spot becomes transversely elongate, and longitudinally narrowed 
until the one on segment 6 is quite narrow and less distinct than the 
others. Wings transparent, iridescent. Antennae, except scape, black; 
the body is smooth, shining and with very few punctures. Head small, 
eyes comparatively large; mesonotum shows the trilobed structure, the 
anterior lobe having a longitudinal groove in the centre of it; mesoster- 
num much produced beneath, so that the mesothorax is at least twice as 
deep as the metathorax; metanotum with two longitudinal caring and 
one transverse carina near the apex ; tergum of abdomen uneven, the 
white diamond-shaped spots raised and surrounded by a distinct crenu- 
lated channel. 

One specimen collected in Florida by Mrs. Annie Trumbull 
Slosson. 

There are seven species in the genus, and the following table 
may serve as a guide in separating them : 
Abdomen entirely black. 

Face and scutellum black. 

Posterior tibiae black at base canadeasis Prov. 

Posterior tibiae white at base truncata Prov. 

Face with white orbits, scutellum white annulipes Cress. 

Abdomen black, with large, central, elliptical, white spots on segments 2-6. 

alborhombarta n. sp. 
Abdomen with the apical edges of the segments white. 

Posterior legs black with white annuli zonata n. sp. 

Posterior legs fulvous, oblique grooves on abdominal segments as in 
Glypta pulchripicta A si mi. 

Posterior legs white pleuralis Ashm. 



-o- 



DESCRIPTIONS OF THE LARWE OF THREE SAW-FLIES. 

By HARRISON G. DYAR, A.M., New York. 

Trichiosoma triangulum Kirby.^ 

Larva. Large, like Cimbex. Head bright straw-yellow, rounded, 
shagreened, not shiny; width 4.5 mm. ; a crease before apex of each lobe; 
eye on a black spot; a point near it representing the antenna. Body 
curled spirally, green, covered with white dots; segments about 8 annu- 
late, the annulets and the true segmental incisures about alike; two larger 
white dots on the subventral folds formed by an aggregation of small dots. 
Spiracles invert-cordate, black. Thoracic feet large, pale, black tipped. 
Abdominal feet present on joints 6-12 and 13, pale green. Body higher 
than wide, slightly smaller posteriorly. 

Larvae not uncommon on the willow and wild cherry at Keene Valley, 
N. Y., in the Adirondacks. They closely resemble the larva of Ciinbex 



200 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

americana in appearance and position, but lack the dorsal line of that 
species. The cocoon is large, of a firm texture, dark brown. 

Lyda ochreata Say. 

Solitary web-spinners on hazel (Coryhis rostrata), many on the same 
bush, each in a part of a leaf rolled over in a cornucopia-shape and 
filled with gummy web. Rarely several in one leaf. 

Egg shells. Found.singly on the back of the leaf, a thin, white, ellip- 
tical skin, 1.5 mm. in size. 

Larva. Head rounded, pale translucent testaceous, with a long pointed 
antenna before and above the black eye; mouth brown. Width at ma- 
turity 1.4-1.5 mm. 

A transverse, black, narrow cervical shield; thoracic feet slender, pointed 
colorless, unused; abdominal none. A pair of jointed, pointed, colorless 
processes subventrally on joint 13; venter a little flattened; segments indis- 
tinctly 4-annulate; color transparent shining greenish, no marks; alimen- 
tary canal gives a blackish shade; dorsal vessel darker. 

Monophadnus rubi Harris. 

Sitting flat on the venter on raspberry leaves, singly; downy and green 
like the leaf stems, which they closely resemble. Head rounded, mouth 
pointed, green, pilose, eye black; width i mm.; segments obscurely 3- 
annulate; on second and third annulets a series of Y-shaped setae, the 
shaft strong and thick, the limbs pointed, three on each annulet above 
the spiracle, those on the posterior annulet alternating with those before, 
placed each a little below the one on the second annulet, the lowest one 
just on the stigmatal line; two setae on the uppar part of the subventral 
ridge (s.-v. ant.), and two on the lower part (s.-v. post.). The upper two 
on second annulet and upper one on third, have black limbs; all the rest 
white. Feet on joints 6-12 and 13. Body clear green, a little yellowish; 
thoracic feet clear, with black tips. 

Last stage. Smooth (no setae); all translucent green, scarcely shining ; 
width of head i mm. Annulets with transverse watery areas and slight 
irregularities to represent the setae; segmental incisures a little folded; no 
marks. Enters the ground on acquiring this stage, and forms a frail co- 
coon. The change to pupa and imago takes place the following Spring. 



-o- 



NOTE ON THE FORMS OF ALYPIOIDES. 

By T. D. A. COCKERELL, N. M. Agr. Exp. Sta. 

The occasion of this note is a specimen of Alypioides received 
from Dr. A. Duges, which ought according to the way the species 
of this genus have been separated, to be new differing from the 
two hitherto described about as much as they differ from one 
another. 

I do not, however, take this view, but would rather regard all 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 2OI 

the forms of Alypioides as representing one species, separable 
thus: 

(A.) Secondaries above without spots . . . A. bimaculata H.-S., 1853 

(Mex. and New Mex.). 
(B.) Secondaries above with one or more pale spots. 

(i.) With a single large spot or patch . . var. crescens Walk. 1856 

(New Mex. and Calif.). 
(ii.) With two spots var. dugesiinov. (Mexico). 

The last mentioned may be more particularly described thus:- 
A. bimaculata var. nov. dugesii. Length of body 17 mm., of anterior 
wing 21 mm. Like crescens, but the light markings creamy white rather 
than yellow; middle spot on primaries quadrate, and considerably larger 
than in a specimen of bimaculata from Grant County, New Mex. Sec- 
ondaries above with two large patches, one about the end of the cell, the 
other nearer the inner margin; also a faint dot near the inner end of the 
latter one, but apparently situated in the cell. Tongue orange as in the 
other forms. 

Hab. Guanajuato, Mexico (Dr. A. Duges). One specimen, 
in coll. Duges. Before venturing on the above remarks, I con- 
sulted Mr. Dyar, who writes that he quite thinks I may be cor- 
rect in regarding these forms as varieties of one; and adds that 
he agrees that the Guanajuato form should have a name, though 
as a variety. He further remarks, in confirmation of the view 
taken, that a specimen of crescens in his collection has a trace of 
the second spot in the form of a little diffuse yellow dot. 



-o- 



TWO NEW APANTELES. 

By CARL F. BAKER, Fort Collins, Col. 

Two new species of the genus Apanteles recently reared in the 
Entomological Laboratory of the Colorado Agricultural College 
seem to be of importance sufficient to warrant their publication. 

Apanteles ephestiae n. sp. 9- Length of body 3.6 mm., of antennae 2.6 
mm., ovipositor 1.05 mm. Black, shining; antennae black, to deep brown at 
tip; palpi rufous. Legs, except coxae, rufous, basal portions of anterior and 
middle femora, all of posterior femora, tips of posterior tibiae and posterior 
tarsi, darker; stigma and nervures bounding first submargmal cell out- 
wardly, dark brown; teguUe yellowish brown. Head transverse, finely 
punctured, with rather dense pubescence; face below antennae with a strong 
median ridge; ocelli prominent and black; mesonotum finely, thickly punc- 
tured, with an indication of a median carina posteriorly, and two oblique 
slightly depressed areas behind converging towards the scutcllum; scutel- 



202 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

lum shining, sparsely indistinctly punctate, anterior groove with about four- 
teen well marked pits; central foveaof postscutellum semicircular, nearly 
smooth within, on either side of this a deep sharply margined oblong- 
elliptical transverse fovea, rugose within; metanotum rugulose, with long 
sparse pubescence at the sides ; medially extending nearly the whole 
length of the metanotum, a large deep, ovate-elliptical fovea, with a sharp 
double margin and with about three weak transverse carinae crossing it 
within; posterior angles of metanotum acute, somewhat produced, slightly 
excavated within, the excavated area crossed obliquely by strong rugae ; 
lateral carinae gradually diverging cephalad. Abdomen about as long as 
thorax, beyond first segment ovate elliptical ; membranous margins of 
first and second segments brownish; tergum of first abdominal segment 
punctato-rugulose, with a large median area which is almost a repetition 
of that on the metanotum, except that the margins are not so sharply 
defined, and it is more regularly elliptical; this tergum has also a distinct 
circular fovea within each posterior angle ; tergum of second segment 
finely obliquely aciculated on either side, leaving a triangular smooth area 
at base; tergum of first segment one and half times as long as wide at 
base, slightly broadening caudad, as long as second and third together ; 
tergum of second segment short, nearly three times wider than long, 
trapezoidal, wider than the first at the suture between them, and two-thirds 
the length of the third; remaining joints smooth, shining; hypopygium 
brownish towards the tip, ovipositor black; posterior tibial spines not half 
the length of the first tarsal joint. 

(J. Tergum of second abdominal segment as wide as the first at the 
suture between them, much more distinctly trapezoidal than in the female 
and but little more than twice wider than long. Size somewhat smaller. 

Described from four females and one male, reared from the 
larvje of Ephestia kuhniella working in honey comb, the flies 
emerging November 22. 

Apanteles gillettei n. sp. 9 .Length of body 2.5 mm., of antennae 1.5 
mm., of ovipositor 2 mm. Black, shining; antennae deep chocolate, basal 
joint black; mandibles light brown at tip, palpi honey-yellow distally ; 
coxae black ; femora piceous, the anterior fading to light brown at tip ; 
tibiae light brown, the middle and posterior darker towards tips ; tarsi 
brownish, posterior darker. Wings iridescent, stigma and veins pale 
brownish, nearly unicolorous. Head transverse but thick, obsoletely 
punctured on face, sparsely pubescent; face below antennae with a strong 
median ridge ; ocelli medium, pale brown to colorless ; mesonotum 
obsoletely punctured, with two very shallow depressed areas on either 
side posteriorly ; scutellum smooth, shining, impunctate, anterior groove 
with about fourteen well marked pits ; central fovea of postscutellum 
semicircular, with a median carina, on either side a deep oblong-elliptical 
transverse fovea, rugose within ; metanotum coarsely, irregularly rugose, 
coarser near the posterior angles, non-pubescent, with a well defined 



1985-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 203 

median carina; posterior angles obtusely rounded; lateral carinae strongly 
divergent cephalad. Abdomen slightly longer than thorax, beyond first 
segment ovate-lanceolate; membranous margins of first and second seg- 
ments brownish; tergum of first abdominal segment coarsely longitudi- 
nally rugose, a third longer than wide, sides nearly parallel; tergum of 
second segment wider posteriorly, and three-fourths length of first, sud- 
denly narrowed to the basal suture, where it is narrower than the first, 
coarsely longitudinally rugose; remaining segments smooth and shining; 
ovipositor dark brown ; posterior tibial spines not one-half length first 
tarsal joint. The male differs only in size. 

Described from seven females and three males reared from 
Caccecia argyrospila on apple, the flies emerging June 23. 



-o- 



CHARACTERS OF A NEW SPECIES OF THELIA. 

By E. P. VAN DUZEE, Buffalo, N. Y. 

In looking over my material of Tkelia imivittata a year or two 
ago I found I had confused two distinct species under this name, 
one of which appears to be still undescribed. Later I sent an 
example of the new form to Dr. F. W. Coding, who was then 
preparing a catalogue of the North American Membracidas, and 
he pronounced it identical with some material he had placed 
under Thelia crat&gi. In fact, the female does have a stronger 
resemblance to the female of crattegi than to that of univittata, 
but the specimen I have placed as the male of this new species 
is very close to the male of univittata, and not at all like that of 
crattegi. Below is a comparitive description of this new form : 

Thelia godingi n. sp. In Bull. Buffalo Society of Nat. Sciences, v, p. 
189, 1894. Female; shorter and stouter than in univittata with the pro- 
notum more thickly and evenly punctured and extended to or beyond the 
tip of the elytral areoles. In univittata the punctures are coarser and 
more irregular, leaving a few scattering callous-like spots and about four 
longitudinal smooth lines, beginning a little behind the shoulders and 
becoming connivent or evanescent before the tip, which in this species is 
more slender than in godingi and does not attain the apex of the elytral 
areoles. These longitudinal lines are more obscure and irregular in 
cratezgi, and scarcely or not at all discernible in godingi. In this latter 
species the dorsal hump is nearly vertical before and behind, as wide 
above as below, with the apex well rounded and showing a slight inclina- 
tion to become pointed at the middle. In crat&gi the edges of the hump 
are parallel, but the anterior apical angle is rounded off, and the posterior 
is subacute. In univittata this protruberance is proportionately longer 
and more slender, and quite distinctly inclined forward with its apex 



204 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June. 

shaped about as in cratczgi. Color : pronotum of univitlata cinerous, 
punctured with blackish, and marked as in our other species with three 
black points over each eye, and a vertical black line before reaching to 
the tip of the dorsal horn ; the punctures are fewer and more shallow 
toward the shoulders, leaving these parts paler; dorsal ridge marked with 
a broad white line, bordered with brown and extending from the tip of 
the horn to the apex of the elytra. This dorsal white line is a little nar- 
rower in godingi, and may become diffuse before the posterior tip 
through coalesance with a transverse, pale, anteapical band, which is more 
or less strongly indicated in this species. The anterior black vertical line 
is usually broken in godingi, and the punctures are concolorous with the 
surface of the pronotum which is marked as in cratcegi, but usually with 
the pattern less clearly contrasted. The markings of this latter species 
are well represented by Emmons in the Nat. Hist, of N. Y. Agriculture 
vol. v, pi. iii, fig. 2, but he has figured the dorsal horn as longer and more 
slender than in any specimen I have seen. 

The male of godingi scarcely differs from that of univittata, 
the characteristic markings being almost obliterated by dusky 
mottlings. In cratcegi the markings are as clearly defined as in 
the female, but the dorsal horn is less elevated, though of about 
the same form as in the female. 

This is an interesting addition to our described Membracidae, 
of which I have taken a number of individuals about Buffalo, 
mostly on bushes of wild black cherry in June and July. 

o 



SOME MISSOURI SPIDERS. 

By NATHAN BANKS. 

The following spiders were collected in Missouri by my friend, 
Mr. Gilbert Van Ingen, in 1890. They were captured mostly 
near Springfield, in the southwestern part of the State: 

DRASSID^E. 

Micaria agilis nov. sp. Length 5 mm. Cephalothorax, mandibles and 
sternum yellow, or pale yellowish brown ; legs white, base of femur 
i brown, posterior pairs faintly lineated with brown ; abdomen gray or 
blackish, with golden scales, distinctly constricted just before the middle, 
where there is an interrupted band of white scales, often another white 
band nearer the base ; there are some scales near the tip with a greenish 
reflection ; p. m. e. nearer to the p. s. e. than to each other. 

I also have it from Washington, D. C., and Sea Cliff, N. Y. 
It is readily recognized by its generally pale color. It may have 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 2O5 

been mistaken for Herpyllus auratus Hentz, but Hentz neither 

figures nor mentions any constriction to the abdomen of his 

species. 

Prosthesima ecclesiastics. Hentz 

CLUBIONID^:. 

Thargalia trilineata Hentz Gayenna saltabunda Hentz 

longipalpis Hentz Trachelas tranquil/a Hentz 

Anyphcena gracilis Hentz 

AGALENID^:. 

Agalena ncevia Hentz Ccelotes medicinalis Em. 

Cicurina arcuata Keys 

DICTYNID^E. 

Dictyna sublata Hentz Titanceca amwicana Em. 

volucripes Keys 

THERIDID^E. 

Theridium tepidariorum Koch. Asagena.americana Em. 

Lathrodectes mac tans Koch. Floronia clathrata Koch. 

Teutana triangulosa Walck. Linyphia phrygiana Koch. 
Steatoda borealis Hentz marginata Koch. 

Ceratinopis laticeps Em. (Erigone zanthippe Keys). This 
species, which I also have from Ithaca and Sea Cliff, N. Y. , is 
certainly Keyserling's form ; and I think that it is the 9 of 
Emerton's C. laticeps. 



Acrosoma rugosa Hentz Epeira trivittata Keys. 

spinea Hentz " domiciliorum Hentz 

Mahadeva verrucosa Hentz Argiope transversa Em. 

Epeira -insularis Hentz Argyroepeira hortorum Hentz 

trifolium Hentz Tetragnatha laboriosa Hentz 

THOMISIDyE. 

Xysticus nervosus Bks. Mi mine na oblonga Keys. 

" gulosus Keys. rar<?a Keys. 

Coriarachne versicolor Keys. Philodromus vulgaris Hentz 

LYCOSIDyE. 

Lycosa carolinensis Hentz Lycosa scutnlata Hentz 

" erratica Hentz " S p. ? 



6** 



2O6 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

One 9 1401111. long, of not very definite characters, but un- 
known to me. 

Lycosa missouriensis nov. sp. Length iS mm. ; ceph. 9 mm., breadth 
of ceph. 6 mm. Leg i, 21 mm., leg iv, 25 mm., mandibles 4.5 mm. 
Cephalothorax dark red-brown, with rufous hair, blackish in eye-region ; 
mandibles dark red-brown, with white hair ; sternum and coxae pale yel- 
lowish, with white hair ; femora and patellae yellow-brown ; tibiae, meta- 
larsi and tarsi of legs i and ii almost black, and more densely clothed 
with whitish hair, those of posterior legs not much darker than the femora; 
abdomen above dark uniform brown, densely clothed with brown hair, 
below paler brown. The cephalothorax is regularly arched, quite high in 
front and the highest just behind ihe dorsal eyes ; the first eye row is a 
little shorter than the second, and nearly straight ; the eyes of second row 
are about their diameter apart ; the third row is plainly wider than the 
second, and the eyes equal to those of the second, from which they are 
situated about once*and a half their diameter; the mandibles are very 
large and stout; the sternum broad; the legs stout and of moderate length; 
on tibia i, there are two spines on inside, two below and a pair at tip, on 
tibia iv, two on inside, two on outside, and three pairs below. The 
epigynum consists of a shallow reddish depression, fully twice as long as 
broad, rounded in front and slightly narrower behind, where its corners 
are elevated and blackish, a narrow elevated septum passes through it, 
being highest between the black posterior corners. 

One female. 
Pardosa obsaleta Bks. ?. A young Doloinedes teiicbrosus Ht-ntx 

specimen. sexpunctatus Hentz 

Pardosa sp. ? young <$ Pisanra nndat-a Hentz 

Pi'rata niontanoides Bks. 

OXYOPID^E. 
Oxyopes salticus Hentz 

ATTID.K. 

Phidippus a n da -r Hentz Plexippus putnami Peck 

PhiUciis militaris Hentz" Dendryphantes uctarus Hentz 

Attus concolor nov. sp. Length 35 mm., ceph. 15 mm. long, i mm. 
wide. Cephalothorax yellow-brown, eyes surrounded by black, eye-region 
blackish; abdomen mottled with gray and white; legs white, tips of joints 
and two rings on the femora blackish; base of palpus pale, last two joints 
dark; sternum gray; mandibles yellow, some golden hairs around anterior 
eyes. Cephalothorax widest a little behind dorsal eyes, eye-region a little 
wider behind than in front, dorsal eyes not much smaller than the lateral, 
eyes of second row a little nearer dorsal than lateral eyes. Anterior coxa- 
separated by more than width of lip ; fourth leg much the longest, i, ii 
and iii subequal, their joints short; metatarsus iv, spined to base. Abdomen 



1 895. ] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 207 

but little longer than cephalothorax and slightly broader. The epigynum 
consists of a shallow pear-shaped depression, in the anterior portion of 
which is a small hole connected by aline each side with two similar holes 
in the posterior portion. 
One female. 

'Epiblemuin sccnimm Clerk. Habrocestuni cristatum Hentz 
Iciits initratus Hentx ccecatum Hentz. 

flfarptusa fdmiliaris Hentz Synageles scorpiona Hentz 

Saitis pulex Hentz Synemosyna formica Hentz 



-o- 



ON THE OCCURRENCE OF THE TACHINID GENUS HETER- 
OPTERINA Macq. IN NORTH AMERICA. 

By D. W. COQUILLETT, Washington, D. C. 

In the Annales Soc. Ent. de France for December, 1888, on 
page 262, Bigot describes a Tachinid under the name of Hder- 
opterina spinulosa, which he credits to North America; this is the 
first record of the occurrence of this genus in our fauna, and in 
the Transactions Amer. Ent. Soc. for June, 1892, page 133, 
Townsend discredits this generic reference, stating that the species 
in question probably belongs to Plagia. There is a probability, 
however, that Bigot was correct. I have recently examined 
specimens collected by Dr. Nason, in northern Illinois, which 
certainly belong to Heteropterina as defined by Brauer and Ber- 
ganstamm, Schiner and Rondani. The form is a very striking 
one, owing to the great distance intervening between the very 
oblique hind cross- vein and the hind margin of the wing, the 
last section of the fifth vein being longer than the penultimate 
section; the bend of the fourth vein is furnished with a spurious 
vein which almost equals the apical cross vein in length. In 
Townsend' s table of Tachinid genera (1. c.) this genus would fall 
in couplet 46, but will be readily distinguished by the characters 
mentioned above. Judging from Bigot's description, his species 
differs from the one now before me by its wholly black abdonx n 
and legs, besides in being nearly twice as large. The proem 
species may be characterized as follows : 

Heteropterina nasoni n. sp. -T. Head black, face and sides of front 
silvery white pollinose, frontal vitta grayish black, at its narrowest part 
less than one-fifth as widt- as the front; frontal bristles descending nearly 
to middle of second antennal joint, the upper rive in each row curvin- 



208 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

backward, the others decussate; the front pair of ocellar bristles and the 
two pairs of orbital bristles directed forward; vibrissae inserted slightly 
above the oral margin, only two or three bristles above each; pile on 
sides of face microscopic and very sparse ; cheeks scarcely one-fifth as 
broad as the eye-height. Antennae three-fourths as long as the face, first 
two joints yellow, the third black and less than one and one-half times 
as long as the second joint; arista black, thickened on its basal third; 
proboscis three-fourths as long as height of head, black, the labella and 
palpi yellow. Thorax black, gray pollinose, marked with three brownish 
vittse; three postsutural bristles; scutellum black, gray pollinose, a small 
discal and three long marginal pairs of macrochsetae, the third pair 
decussate and not quite reaching the tips of the second pair. Abdomen 
yellowish, the extreme base and the greater portion of the fourth segment 
blackish; wholly gray pollinose except a transverse row of three shining 
blackish spots on the hind end of each segment, those on the fourth seg- 
ment sometimes coalescing; an opaque black spot on the extreme sides 
of each segment except the first, sometimes wanting on the second ; a 
marginal pair of macrochaetae on each of the first three segments, some- 
times wanting on the first, and a marginal row of eight on the fourth ; 
hypopygium shining black, toward its apex yellowish, projecting one-third 
its height below the plane of the venter, its tip furnished with a stout 
black claw, which projects forward; underside of the fourth abdominal 
segment considerably swollen. Legs black, the front and middle tibiae 
yellowish, hind ones not ciliate ; pulvilli about as long as the last tarsal 
joint. Wings grayish hyaline, veins brown, third vein bristly nearly to 
the small cross-vein, the others bare; calypteres white, halteres yellow. 

9- Differs from the $ only as follows: front largely brassy yellow 
pollinose, extreme base of abdomen yellow, middle of second segment 
and nearly the whole of the two following ones blackish, all femora and 
tibiae yellow, pulvilli about one-third as long as the last tarsal joint; gene- 
talia not projecting. Length 3.6-4.3 mm." 

Northern Illinois, four males and nine females collected from 
July to September, 1894, by Dr. W. A. Nason, after whom I 
take great pleasure in naming this interesting species. 



ERRATA. 
Page 148, fifth line from top, for there read them. 

148, eighth line from top, for Ceoropia read Cecropia. 
" 149, eleventh line from bottom, for Prunes read Primus. 
" 150, ninth line from top, for paper read pupa. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for May, was mailed April 27, 1895. 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. IX. 




L'ABBE PROVANCHER. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION, 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

VOL. vi. SEPTEMBER, 1895. No. 7. 

CONTENTS: 



Abbe Provancher 209 

Wickham Insects of the Tortugas 210 

Ormonde Names, scien. vs. common.. 212 

Fenner Arizona ants 214 

Ottolengui Types in the Neumoegen 

collection 216 

King Formicidaj of Lawrence, Mass. 220 



Editorial 224 

Notes and News 225 

Entomological Literature 228 

Doings of Societies 235 

Blaisdell New California Coleoptera. . 235 
Kellicott Odonata, a note and a desc.. 239 



L'ABBE PROVANCHER. 

The late Abbe Provancher, whose picture we take pleasure 
in presenting to our readers in this number, was born in 1820, at 
Becancour, Quebec. His principal entomological work is the 
" Faune Entomologique du Canada," in three volumes, embra- 
cing the Coleoptera, Orthoptera, Neuroptera, Hymenoptera and 
Hemiptera. This was begun in 1874 and completed in 1890, and 
the enormity of the work will be better understood when we learn 
of the disadvantages at which the author was placed in being 
separated from necessary libraries, collections and co-workers in 
the field of Entomology. Notwithstanding these adverse condi- 
tions he bravely struggled on, and to-day his work stands as a 
monument to his assiduity. To be sure he made mistakes we 
all do that and has been criticised, perhaps too harshly, when 
the conditions he was obliged to face are considered. He con- 
ducted the journal, " Le Naturaliste Canadien/' the publication 
of which was suspended, through lack of support, a short while 
previous to his death, after twenty volumes had appeared dating 
from 1869 to 1890. His labors were by no means restricted to 
Entomology, as he published a treatise on the Flora of Canada, 
treatises on agriculture and travels, and his last work was entitled, 
" Les Mollusques de la Province cle Quebec." He died in 1892, 
aged seventy- two years. 



2io ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

A NOTE ON THE INSECTS OF THE TORTUGAS. 

By H. F. WICKHAM, Iowa City, Iowa. 

The Tortugas Keys, or Dry Tortugas, as they are often called, 
are a cluster of low sandy islets lying fifty-four miles to the west- 
ward of Key West, and are practically on the southern limit of the 
domain of the United States. They rise from a bank of coral 
and coral sand about ten miles long northeast and southwest, 
and four or five miles in breadth. Barren in character, but little 
vegetation has obtained a foothold here excepting two or three 
species of bushes and such plants as have been set out by the few 
inhabitants who, in the capacity of government health officers or 
light-house employes, make these lonely little Keys their home. 
Some of the older trees were, however, planted by the garrison of 
Fort Jefferson during the time of the military usefulness of that 
now practically abandoned post. 

But two of these islets are inhabited Garden Kev and Log- 

-/ o 

gerhead Key ; the former lies somewhat near the center of the 
group and is of some thirteen acres in extent most of which is 
enclosed by the walls of the fort, an immense and useless fortifi- 
cation once mounting scores of heavy guns, now rapidly going 
to decay and used only as a quarantine station against yellow 
fever posts. It was on account of quarantine regulations that 
the writer, in common with the other members of the " Bahama 
Expedition" from the State University of Iowa, just from Cuba, 
made an enforced visit to this collecting ground which would 
scarcely be chosen as a productive field by any entomologist in 
spite of the richness of the marine life in the vicinity. 

What could one expect to find on these little sandy Keys 
lying such a distance from any large land area and dependent for 
their insect fauna upon the caprice of the wind, the drift of the 
Gulf stream or the accidental importations of man ? Not much, 
certainly ; and not much was found in the few hours that could 
be devoted to search for entomological booty on the narrow 
beaches and scant flora. The few captures are recorded, how- 
ever, as a contribution to the knowledge of the fauna of a spot 
that has hitherto cut no figure in entomological literature. 

Beginning on the yth of June a few hours were spent each day 
in collecting, as opportunity offered for going ashore, until the 
1 3th, and the scant list of beetles appended represents all that 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 211 

could be accomplished by careful work along that line ; the 

insects of other orders have not been fully identified, but were 

k-\v in species and for the most part inconspicuous. A little 

Lycaenid was the only butterfly seen, while the only bee was 

Oxybelus emarginatus Say. The ants were represented by Cam- 

ponotus tortuganus Em., Tetramorium ccespitiim Linn., T. 

girineense Fabr. and Pheidole megacephala Fabr. Among the 

Hemiptera we have Murgantia histrionica Hahn., which was very 

common in one or two spots, Chlorocoris loxopa Uhler, Gonia- 

notus marginipundatus Wolff and Pangceus bilineatus Say. Only 

a few species of Orthoptera were found, none of which are yet 

identified. They are mostly immature individuals taken by 

beating, though one is an Acridiid of considerable size. The 

above identifications are the work of Messrs. Ashmead, Heide- 

mann and Pergande ; those of the beetles, which follow, are due 

to Dr. Horn, Mr. Schwarz and the writer, and the list includes 

all the species found, which, while few in number, represent 

twenty families. They are : 

Selenophorus pedicularius Dejean. 

Homalota sp. 

Cafius bistriatus Er. Along the beach under sea- weed. 

Cafius sericeus Holme (?). With the preceding, less common. 

Cafius (?) sp. One specimen. 

Bledius basalts Lee. 

Briaraxis depressa Brend. Under rubbish on the beach. So 
far as known this is confined to these Keys. 

Actinopteryx fucicola Allib. Under sea- weed on beach. 

Psyllobora nana Muls. Not uncommon on bushes ; found also 
at Key West and in the West Indies. 

Scymmis bivulnerus Horn. With the preceding. 

Symbiotes (?) sp. Found on the vessel while anchored here. 
Mr. Schwarz writes that it agrees well with descriptions and 
1 1^1 ires of vS". pygmccus. 

Corticaria sp. indet. Beaten from bushes, common through- 
out South Florida. 

Saprinus ferrugineus Mars. Very common under the cara- 
paces of two turtles which we laid out to dry. 

Pseudebcsus oblitus Lee. Common on bushes on Loggerhead 
Key. 

Necrobia rufipes Fabr. 



212 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

Petalium bistriatum Say. Beaten from bushes with the next. 

Catorama pundulata Lee. Not common. 

Ligyrus gibbosus DeGeer. A dead specimen was picked up 
on Loggerhead Key, another on Rush Key. 

Elaphidion truncatum Hald. A specimen agrees with Halde- 
man's description except that the frontal line is quite distinct. 

Blapstinus opacus Lee. Common under boards and rubbish. 

Phaleria longula Lee. Very common, found by hundreds 
along the beach under sea-weed or dead animals. 

Phaleria picipes Say. With the preceding, but much less 
common. 

Hymenorus convexus Casey. Common, especially on Castor 
Bean. 

Oxacis sp. n. A few taken from heads of sea-oats. 

Xylophilus ventricosus Lee. 

Artipiis floridanus Horn. Extremely common on bushes, 
also occurs over all southern Florida and in the Bahamas. 

Cryptorhynchus sp On the beach. 

Dryotribus mimeticus Horn. Under stones or boards on the 
beach. 

Macrancylus linearis Lee. Under logs on beach, not rare. 

A glance at the above list will show that these little islands 
have evidently derived their fauna from the same source as the 
coast of the mainland of southern Florida and the outlying Keys 
along the shore. Several of the species were taken also in the 
Bahamas and further attention to this matter will be given when 
the entire collections made by the writer in the British West 
Indies are worked up. 

o 

NAMES,-SCIENTIFIC vs. COMMON. 

By FREDERIC ORMONDE. 

The question as to whether insects shall be determined by 
their scientific or their common names, has been a field for much 
discussion among entomologists and the entomological journals. 
Yet, the advocates of the. system of common names do not 
appear to have gained much in return for thfir efforts. And 
why should they achieve favorable results when their only argu- 
ment in favor of this scheme rests in the assertion that descrip- 
tions would be more lucid and acceptable to the general reader 



I8Q5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 213 

it" the common or popular appellation were given in place of the 
more technical or scientific term. 

Here I would ask : are the masses to be educated in ento- 
mology as a science, or is entomology to be given to the public 
as a subject, whose chief characteristics are to be recognized in 
mythical absurdities and superstitious vagaries ? 

A species may have a popular name in one section and in 
another be known by one different from the first, and in yet 
another by one entirely distinct from either, and so on until we 
find one little insect 4aden with a very unique assortment. Were 
an entomologist to attempt to acquaint himself with all of them, 
with the intention of using them as a preface to his descriptions, 
he would undertake a task colossal in its magnitude, and one that 
would require vast folios in print. 

Now, the simplest way out of such a confusing maze is to 
adhere to the scientific basis of nomenclature. Let each species 
be known by a scientific titl. One with a plain and connected 
meaning that will stand forever, and everywhere, unless it be 
abolished in its own science, in its advancement. We find in 
several instances that a species is known by more than one 
scientific term. But as we advance those mistakes aie very 
quickly remedied, and are less apt to occur in the future. Pro- 
viding we should, when we are of the opinion -finding that it 
does not correspond to such description as we have at hand- 
that we have made a new discovery, weigh well the matter, 
investigate thoroughly, instead of hastening to apprise the world 
that we have unearthed something new, and finding later that it 
was a mistake, that we had only argumented that burthen of 
confusion which we strive so hard to lighten. 

It is very important that we should pause, be sure we are right 
and then go ahead. To avoid possible, confusion, let derivations 
be in strict accord with grammatical analogy. Classify in a 
learned language, for popular idioms are in a state of constant 
fluctuation. Classify according to a scientific basis, the practise 
of naming from persons who first describe should be avoided 
wholly and entirely. 

Such a nomenclature, ought, I think, be discarded, as unbe- 
coming the gravity of men, who should treat their science as a 
science and not descend to childish denominations. If a man's 
works entitled him to it, his name will be handed down to pos- 
terity, an object of veneration and respect, without being hung 
to an insect. If not, " aliena optimum f rid insania ' 



214 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

ARIZONA ANTS. 

By Dr. H. W. FENNER, Tucson, Ariz. 

No. i. Pogonomyrmex rugosus Em. (var.). Large and nu- 
merous nests, one large opening two to four inches in diameter 
on surface level, found none elevated; a disk was cleared around 
each nest from two to twelve feet in diameter; ants out very eaily 
in the morning and all in by sun down; do not close nests, but 
have a great many sentries just within the opening; ants busy 
carrying seeds. 

No. 2. Pogonomyrmex calif arnica Buckley. Quite numerous 
through town; have one opening on surface level with excavated 
dirt all taken to one side. _When disturbed all disappear within 
nest; out at work early in morning, all in nest at noon and out 
again in afternoon; close nest at night; are always busily engaged 
carrying seeds, the husks of which are afterwards thrown out. 
These ants, while in active motion, ^arry abdomen erect, at right 
angle (nearly) to the body. 

No. 3. Have from one to three openings to nest, all observed 
were on surface level and surrounded by irregular rings of ex- 
cavated dirt; one to three columns of ants following certain roads 
working from each nest; observed one column for three weeks 
which, for the whole time, followed the same road to a fig tree. 

No. 4. Pheidole megacephala Rog. (var.) 

No. 5. Pogonomyrmex subnitidus Em. (var.). Very small 
colonies, but quite numerous, easily alarmed; had to dig up nest 
in order to catch any. Have small mounds on one side of nest. 
Habits not observed. 

No. 6. Aph<znogasterpergandeiM.zyr. Large colonies, single 
opening on surface level, excavated soil or gravel, irregularly 
around nest. Habits not noted. 

No. 7. Aphtznogasler sonorce Perg. Large colonies, nest very 
slightly elevated with two or three openings, from one to three 
inches in diameter ; very irregular in outline ; observed some 
colonies where there seemed to be no elevation to nest. Ants 
occupied in gathering seeds and pieces of grass. 

Nos. 8 and 9. Pheidole near jabricatus Em. Evidently major 
and minor; very small nests and colonies; worked in columns. 
The major very slow and sluggish; minor active and belligerent. 

No. ii. Pogonomyrmex calif arnica Buckley. Small colonies 



1 895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 215 

and nests; carries abdomen erect, same as No. 2, and, except in 
size, nest appears about same as No. 2. Habits not observed. 

No. 12. Cremastogaster sp. Nest raised about five inches in 
diameter, around root of small bush, very easily alarmed and 
hard to catch. Habits not observed. 

No. 13. Aph&nog aster sonorce Perg. The large ants in box 
were found always single, and were picked" up in various places, 
and at different times; all other ants seemed to be very anxious 
to capture them from the largest to the smallest; one of the large 
ants had small ones attached to her legs, and the large ones also 
pulling her along (all of which I have left in the box). 

No. 14. Small crater nest, very much resembles No. i, and 
were in same vicinity, only I observed them close up for the night 
at 5 P. M. 

No. 15. Aphtenogaster sonortz Perg. Very large colonies, 
nests occasionally slightly elevated, but some appear to be even 
depressed, from one to four very large openings, three or four 
inches in diameter. Ants very active and belligerent. Habits 
not observed, do not close up at night. 

No. 1 6 Atta versicolor Perg. var. Crater nests in sandy 
places; nest very regular and beautifully made as to external ap- 
pearance, often four or five close together. Habits not observed. 

No. 17. Pheidole megacephala Rag. var. Large colony, nest 
under a board, travel in columns when a supply of food is found; 
after a rain many were busy trying to pull winged -ones to nest. 

Nos. 18, 19, 20. Pheidole sp., probably same as No. 9. C< \- 
lected after a rain; unable to place them as to nest, etc. 

No. 21. Atta versicolor Perg. var. Large colonies, opening 
on surface level; at 5 A. M. observed two columns of ants going 
to two small bushes, cutting off the leaves and carrying same to 
nest; outside of nest was quite a quantity of old leaves of same 
variety; at 3 A. M. nest was closed, and all had ceased work and 
were in nest; at 4 P. M. same. Next morning the two bushes 
were nearly cleaned from all leaves examined and found them all 
covered with some sweetish, sticky substance (a few of lea\-- 
enclosed in box). In order to catch a few specimens had to dig 
in a portion of the nest, i^hen I found that at least one-third of 
the ants had no abdomens, both of the large and small ones. Tho<c 
without abdomens appeared just as active as the others, and imme- 
diately commenced work with the others to repair nest. -Did not 



216 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

have time or tools to dig deeply in nest for further observation, 
but when at work, early in the morning, all of those outside had 
abdomens. 

No. 22. Unable to find nest; they were quite numerous on 
ground and quite active. 

No. 23. Solenopsis geminata Fab. Very small, slightly ele- 
vated nests; ants traveling in columns. 

No. 24. Myrmica sp. Could not find nest. 

No. 25. Myrmecocystus semirufus Em. Nest hard to find, 
only observed two, which were simply round holes in ground 
with no evidences of excavations on outside; one hole was about 
one-half inch in 'diameter and the other three-fourths inches. 
The ants were extremely active, and, not being belligerent, were 
extremely hard to capture. Habits not noted. 

No. 27. Cremastog aster brevispinose Mayr. var. Large colo- 
nies; one nest observed under root of cottonwood tree; immense 
numbers of ants traveling in columns in many directions, but 
sluggish and slow in movements. 

No. 28. ]\lyrmecocystus mexicanus Slave (var.) Small, raised 
nests; ants very active. Habits not observed. 

No. 29. Pogonomyrmex calif ornica Buckley. Habits and nests 
exactly like No. 2, and appear to me to be the same, except, 
possibly, a lighter color, and these were very willing to fight, and 
No. 2 would not. 

o 

TYPES IN THE NEUMOEGEN COLLECTION.-I. 

WITH A FEW NOTES THEREON. 

By Dr. RODRIGUES OTTOLENGUI. 

The death of Mr. Berthold Neumoegen having ended his life 
work on his great collection, and the final disposition of it being 
yet in doubt, I have conceived that it might be of interest to 
entomologists, to prepare the following list of the "type speci- 
mens" contained in his cabinets. Where a sexual sign, or signs, 
appear after a name, it means that such specimens carry the 
" type" label. Signs in parenthesis () indicate that such addi- 
tional representatives of the species are in the collection, and the 
absence of such signs means that there are no specimens except 
the type, or types. 

I have also appended notes which seem interesting, a few of 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 2iy 

which depend upon manuscript left by Mr. Neumoegen. The 
types reported here are certainly present, and labeled "type," 
as I have personally seen them. It is possible, however, in look- 
ing through so many cases filled with insects, that I have over- 
looked a few, though this is not likely. As a tribute to conscien- 
tious collecting, I have appended the names Morrison or Doll, 
where either of these two fine hunters have taken new species. 

NYMPHALID/E. 
Danais archippus var. fumosus 9 Hulst. Long Island. 

This was presented to Mr. Neumoegen by Dr. Hulst, and Mr. 
Neumoegen considered it merely a specimen stained by cyanide. 
But I have three specimens sent to me from Denver, Col., which 
were not killed with cyanide, having been captured by an amateur. 

Argynnis liliana ab. baronii $ Edvv. California. 
Ar^ynnis atossa 9 Edw. Southern California. 
Melit&a nympha c? (cT9 9) Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Mi'lita-a perse c? (cT9 9) Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Melittza perse var. suffusa $ Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Melitcea chara ^(^99) Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Melittea phczlon ab. phccthusa <$ Hulst. Long Island. 
Liinenifis zveidermeyerii ab. sine-fascia 9 Edw. Arizona, Doll. 
An&a morrisonii $ Edw. Arizona, Morrison, 



Chrysophanus hypophlczas v&r.fn/liolus cT Hulst. Long Island. 

The red of the primaries is leplaced by yellowish. I should 
consider this an aberration rather than a varietv. 

^ 

PAPILIONID/E. 

Catopsila satira \ivc.floridensis cf 9 Neum. Florida. 
Catopsila argante var. maxima ^9 Neum. Florida. 
Parnassius sminthcns var. namis $ 9 Neum. British Columbia. 
Papi/io mtnlns var. arizonensis (5*9 Edw. Arizona, Doll. 

Mr. Doll, near Prescott, Ariz., found a number of Papi/io 
larvae feeding on ash. He tied a bag over the limb of the tree 
and returned five weeks later, when he collected the pupae. They 
proved to be mainly Papi/io daitnns, but among the imagines 
\VITC a few of "this rich variety of rutuhis. 

HESPERID^:. 

Copteodes myrtis $ (cJ*?) Edw. Tucson, Ariz., Doll. 
Pamphila lasiis $ Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 



2i8 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September. 

Pamphila be/his $ Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Pamphila lunus $ 9 Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Pamphila cestus $ Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Amblyscirtes cassus $ (9) Edw. Arizona, Doll. 
Amblyscirtes nanno $ (9) Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Atnblyscirtes celia ^ Skinner. Texas. 
Recently presented by Dr. Skinner. 

Nisoniades afranius <$ (?) Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 

This "type" label is in handwriting of Mr. Edwards, yet in 
Smith's Check List the name is credited to Lintner. 

Nisoniades tatius rf Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Xisoniades clitus $ (cJ* ? 9) Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Pholisora elis r Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Endainus hippalus ^ ($ $ 9) Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Endamus drusius $ Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Eudainus outis c? (9) Skinner. Texas. 

This pair recently presented by Dr. Skinner. 

Mcgathymus neumoegenii <^ 9 9 Edw. Arizona, Doll. 

About ten miles from Prescott, Ariz., Mr. Doll noticed a rocky 
cliff rising sheer from the roadside, and high up on its side some 
butterflies dancing about. He climbed slowly up, about thirty 
feet, and captured a specimen in his net, only to find its wings 
utterly despoiled when he took it from his net upon descending. 
On the following day he revisited the spot, having arranged a 
heavy pad of cloth about the neck of a killing bottle, so that it 
would not be broken when suddenly pressed against the rock. 
Slowly he climbed up the sides of the cliff, and after two hours' 
hard work had "bottled" seven specimens of this beautiful spe- 
cies, which were sitting on the bare rocks, but oh, so shy! 

SPHINGIDyE. 

Lepisesia circcs $ Hy. Edw. Georgia. 
Dilophonotafesta $ Hy. Edw. Texas. 
Sphinx separatus $ 9 (cT ? ) Neum. New Mexico. 
Sphinx elsa ^'9 Strecker. Arizona, Doll. 
Sphinx dolli <$ Neum. Arizona, Doll. 

SESIID/E. 

Larunda solitiida* $ Hy. Edw. Texas. 
Larnnda palmi 9 (cf?) Neum. Arizona. 
Alcathoe caudatuni var. zvalkcri ^ Neum. Long Island. 

* Species thus marked also appear in the Edwards collection, American Mus. Nat. Hist., 
Central Park, New York, the types having been divided. Ottolengui. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 21 g 

Trochilinm. minimum ^ Neum. Colorado. 

Trochilium californicum 5 Neum. California. 
Sciapteron cupressi 9 (cf 9) Hy. Edvv. Colorado. 
Sciapteron seminole 9 Neum. Florida. 
Sciapteron castaneinn Hy. Edvv. Texas. 
Sciapteron pracedens $ Hy. Edvv. North Carolina. 
Sciapteron scepsiformis r? (c^9) Hy. Edvv. Texas. 
Sciapteron dolli $ Neum. New Jersey, Doll. 
The type 9 is in the Doll collection. 

Albiiua vitrina $ Neum. Fort Calgary, British Columbia. 
Sannina e.vitiosa var. luminosa $ Neum. Long Island, Doll. 
A type is in the Doll collection. 

Sesia pratstans <$ Hy. Edvv. Washington. 
Sesia bollii $ Hy. Edw. Texas. 
Sesia perpJexa $ Hy. Edvv. Texas. 
*Sesia impropria Hy. Edw. Washington. 

* Sesia sexfasciata 9 (c?9) Hy. Edvv. Texas. 
Sesia imitata $ (c?9) Hy. Edw. New Jersey. 
Sesia morula ~~ Hy. Edvv. Texas. 

*Sesia koebelei $ Hy. Edw. Arizona. 
*Sesia hemizonte 9 Hy. Edw. Nevada. 
*Sesia opalescens $ (c^r? ) Hy. Edw. Nevada. 

* Sesia madarics <$ Hy. Edw. California. 
Sesia candescens $ Hy. Edw. California. 
Sesia nicotiance tf ( 9 ) Hy. Edw. Texas. 
Sesia tecta (r?9) Hy. Edw. Arizona, Doll. 

* Pyrrhotceiria animosa ^9 Hy. Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Pyrrhotcenia texana c? (d 1 ?) Hy. Edw. Texas. 
Pyrrhotaenia snbcrrea -^ Hy. Edvv. Arizona, Morrison. 

* Carmen ta aureopurpurea $ (cf 9 ) Hy. Edvv. Texas. 

THYRID^. 

Plathyris granulata 9 Neum. Arizona. 

AGARISTIDvE. 
Alypia IntJsonica 9(^9) Hy. Edvv. 

A note left by Mr. Neumoegen says that this species is a syn- 
onym of A. sacramenti G. and R., and also of A. lang^toni. 
Another note declares that A. gracilenta Graef is a synonym of 
A. octomacnlata, whilst Dr. Charles McKnight has expressed the 
opinion to me that A. matuta Hy. Edw. is also identical with 
octomaculata. Another note by Mr. Neumoggen asks whether 
. /. maccullochii is not the same as A. lorquinii, a query which I 
should answer affirmatively. Evidently this genus needs studi< us 
revision. 



220 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

Alypia desparata ^ Hy. Edw. Mexico. 

This species is not in Smith's Check List, but Mr. Doll has 
specimens from Texas. From the shape of the wings I should 
say that it is not an Alypia. 

Edwardsia brillians 9 Neum. Texas. 

This insect is an important one, standing as the type both of 
genus and species, and being, as far as I know, unique. 

SYNTOMID^E. 

Lycotnorpha latcrcula ^J 1 (cf c?) Hy. Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Lycomorpha const ans var. sancta <$ 9 Neum. and Dyar. 
This is a Tripocris. 

PYROMORPHIDJE. 

Pyroniorpha fusca c? (c?9) Hy. Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 
Pyromorpha rata cf (c?9) Hy. Edw. Arizona, Morrison. 

NYCTEOLID^E. 

*Earias obliquata <$ Hy. Edw. Texas. 

LITHOSIID^E. 

Hyproprepia inculta $ (cfcT 9 ) Hy. Edw. Type from Arizona. 
Hyproprepia miniata var. subornata $ 9 Neum. and Dyar. Texas. 

This insect was described under the above name in " Canadian 
Entomologist," vol. xxv, p. 124, and it is written subornata in 
Mr. Neumoegen's Check List, but it is labeled inornata, evidently 
an error, but worth noting, as it is on the type. 

Bruceia pulverina $ 9 Neum. Colorado. 

These are types of the genus as well as of the species. 

(To be continued.) 



-o- 



TNE STUDY OF THE FORMICID/E OF LAWRENCE, MASS. 

By GEORGE B. KING. 

All of the following species were found in a circle, the radius 
of which was five miles: 

Camponotus pennsylvanicus DeGeer. Living in old pine 
stumps and one colony was found at the roots of a living hard 
pine tree. Not a very common species. 

Camponotus americanus Mayr. Living under stones, a small 
number of an undetermined species of JLasius was found with 
them; there was also a large colony of Termes flavJpcs, and a 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 221 

very large colony of Solcnopsis debilis in the nest with them ; 
this is not a very common ant here. I also find with them a 
mite Gamasus sp. L., parasitic upon this ant. 

Camponotus pictur. Forel. Living in a decayed hard pine 
stump, a very large colony July 8th. They were winged specimens 
at this time, with cocoons and larvae of various stages of develop- 
ment ; this is quite a common species. 

Camponotus castaneus, var. americanus. Lives under stones. 
I have as yet only found one colony. This one I found April 28, 
1894, the males and females having wings; they must have hi- 
bernated in this state through the Winter. 

Camponotus sp. hybernating under the bark of dead pine trees, 
March 18, 1894. 

Formica fuscata. Living under stones; is quite a common 
species. I have found some very pretty mites with them, which 
are as yet undetermined ; two different species of Coleoptera are 
found with them Blapstinus mcestus and Megilla maculata. 
This last species was of a very much faded color, quite small, 
and had a very peculiar deformity of the right elytron, it being 
nearly a sixteenth of an inch shorter than the left one, also the center 
row of spots does not unite properly, being drawn out of shape in 
proportion to the shortness of the elytra. This same colony of 
ants had three Termes flavipes with them. 

Formica obscuripes Forel var. Living in mounds and under 
stones, and is not very common. I find two different species of 
mites upon this ant. A species of Gamasus, and the other a 
Uropoda sp. I have not been able as yet to locate where the 
Gamasus species attacked the ants, but the Uropoda species 
fasten itself invariably to the intermediate pair of legs at the 
base of the tarsal joint at the tibia. 

Formica exsectoides Forel. Living in mounds; not common. 

Formica nitidivcntris Em. Living under stones, a very com- 
mon species with one colony. I found living with them at one 
side of their nest Prenolepis parvula, males and females were 
winged, May 4, 1894. A Gamasus and Uropoda sp. of mites 
were on these ants. 

Formica nitidiventris Em. var. Lives under stones, and is 
quite common, and is parasited with Uropoda mites. 

Formica subsericeus Say. Living in mounds and under stones. 
Uropoda mite is on this ant quite commonly. 



222 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

Formica pallida fulva, var. of nitidiventris. Uropoda and 
another undetermined mite are found on these ants; not very 
common. 

Formica neogates Em. Lives under stones, and is not common. 

Formica integra Nyl. Lives under stones, not common. 

Formica sp. Not a common species, and have upon them an 
undetermined mite. 

Lasius niger. Lives under stones, very common. 

Lasius neoniger Em. Lives under stones, very common ; in 
one of their nests I found a larva of Galerita sp. It was in a 
small hole by itself; the mite Uropoda sp. is found on this ant. 

Lasius interjectus Neyr. Lives under stones, very common. 
Solenopsis debilis lives at one side of the nest with them. 

Lasius claviger Rog. Lives under stones, very common. 
Solenopsis debilis lives at one side of the nest with them ; they 
had with them, May 24, 1894, two different species, of Aphids, a 
species of Forda, and a mealey bug of Westwoodia, in large 
numbers; this ant is also parasited with the Gamasus sp. 

Lasius species undetermined, found under stones with Campo- 
notus americanus ; very rare. 

Lasius species not determined, found under stones occasionally, 
parasitized by Gamasus species. 

Aphtznogaster fulva Rog. Lives under stones, not very com- 
mon. 

Tapinoma sessile, found living upon the upper outside edge of 
a robin's nest upon an apple tree, ten feet from the ground. The 
nest had three eggs in it at the time, and must have been an old 
nest, because there were nearly full-grown larvae of the ants at 
this time, July 8, 1894. It is also found occasionally under stones. 

Crcmastog aster lineolata Say. Lives under stones and very 
common; also found in stumps and under wood piles, and in 
bark of pine trees. I found one nest under a large cord wood 
stick in the woods; this colony had six live shells of Zonites 
arboreus Say. The ants were all collected around them appar- 
ently feeding from the slimy substance produced by the snails in 
the shells. I have also found some of the empty shells of Val- 
ionia pulchella nule with this ant. 

Prenolepis parvula Mayr. Living under stones, a common 
species; a mite Uropoda was found on this ant. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 223 

Solenopsis debilis Mayr. Living under stones most of the 
time with other ants, and at one side of their nest, and have their 
own roads and galleries. I have a small undetermined mite 
which is parasitic upon the larva of this ant. It fastens itself to 
the larva midway between the thorax and abdomen, and can only 
be determined there by the use of a lens, it is so near the color 
of the ant's larva. 

Solenopsis debilis Mayr. var. is met with occasionally ; has 
same habit of living at one side of nest with other species of ants. 

In the determination of the above species of this group I am 
indebted to Mr. L. O. Howard, Mr. Theo. Pergande and Mr. 
C. L. Marlatt. of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Wash- 
ington, D. C., and to the Academy of Natural Sciences, of 
Philadelphia. In th'e study of the American Formicidae, the 
American student has many difficulties to encounter, one of 
which is suitable literature giving the descriptions of the species 
already found, which seems to be very hard to obtain, most of 
the literature in this line being either French or German. In 
studying the literature of this group I have found but very few 
descriptions sufficiently explicit to enable one to determine the 
species described. I have now over two hundred and fifty 
cards in my catalogue of American and English literature, 
pertaining to Formicidae. I have still more ants of this dis- 
trict that are not yet determined, and in all probability will 
find more as I continue the search. So far as I have con- 
sulted the literature on ants, I find but two writers that mention 
anything upon mites being found with ants. The first one is by 
Asa Fitch, his First and Second Report of the Noxious Insects of 
New York, page 153, and the other is that of H. C. McCook, on 
the honey ants, page 68, and a third, which I quote from memory, 
by Lubbock, where he speaks of the intelligence of ants. My 
intention is to make a catalogue, as complete as I can, of the 
literature pertaining to our American Formicidae and their hosts. 

Termes flavipes is a very plentiful species in the locality in 
which I have been studying. I should say that there are neurlv 
a thousand Termes nests in stumps, railroad ties and under 
stones, but I have not as yet heard of any material damage done 
by them, but I am of the opinion that if their progress is not 
checked by the aid of some of our Economic Entomologists, 
serious results will surely follow, and that in the near future. 



224 [September, 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADYANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

jg@r- All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., SEPTEMBER, 1895. 



ALTHOUGH this number of the NEWS comes out in September, the 
work of preparing it comes during the heated term and while our ento- 
mological friends are having a good time with net and bottle we are labor- 
ing in their behalf. Now is the time of year when we look over the col- 
lecting boxes of our friends to see what interesting captures they have 
made, or are getting our own material into shape to arrange for exchanges 
during the cold weather, which we hope may add many a fine species to 
the cabinet. The sources of pleasure to the insect hunter are numberless 
and without season; every time of year has its pleasures and advantages. 
Now is also the time when the larvae rearing period is running into the 
time when we look for cocoons and pupae, even if there are a few more 
leaves on the ground than in the Spring. We hope you all have a large 
amount of good material to go over and put into good condition either 
for the cabinet or for exchanges, and also that all have profited from their 
open-air exercise taken in their favorite pursuit. The benefits of the 
study of entomology are many, and all do not appear on the surface. A 
day spent with Nature is always well spent and cannot fail to bring a re- 
turn, even if it is only by renewed vigor, from the influence of fresh air 
and sunshine. 



PICTURES for the album of the American Entomological Society have 
been received from W. H. Patton, F. Rauterberg, Henry Shinier, M.I).. 
H. K. Burrison, John Hamilton, M.D., George R. Pilate, H. C. Fall, C. 
S. McKnight, M.D., J. M. Aldrich. \Ye have room for more. 



IS95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 22 

Notes and. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 
OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in each case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put " copy 1 ' into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five "extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



THE Associate Editor of the NEWS, Dr. P. P. Calvert, is studying 
abroad, and expects to be away about a year. 

\V. E. GLADSTONE recently remarked : "I think that the neglect of 
natural history, in all its mult tude of branches, was the grossest defect 
of our old system of training for the young." 

MELEOMA SIGNORETTI Fitch. This curious lace-wing fly has not been 
recorded since Fitch described it; and no other species of the genus are 
known. Mrs. A. T. Slosson has lately sent me two specimens of it from 
Mt. Washington, N. H. N. BANKS. 

THE SECOND NUMBER of the "Transactions" of the American Ento- 
mological Society for 1895, contains the following papers: Studies in 
Coccinellida;, by G. H. Horn, M.D.; Notes on Bees, with descriptions 
of new species, by Chas. Robertson; The Crabronina? of Boreal America, 
by Wm. J. Fox. The third number, now in press, will contain the fol- 
lowing papers : A Review of the Stratiomyia and Odontomyia of North 
America, by C. W. Johnson; The Species of Dineutes of America, north 
of Mexico, by C. H. Roberts; Descriptions of new Hymenoptera, by T. 
D. A. Cockerell; On the Larvae of some Nematoid and other Saw-flies 
from the Northern Atlantic States, by Harrison G. Dyar; New Neurop- 
teroid Insects, by Nathan Banks. 

THE GLOW WORM'S LIGHT. A contemporary mentions that photo- 
graphs have before now been produced by the light from glow worms; 
in the examination of a particular insect, Phot in us contsci/s, which emits 
luminous rays, A. F. Miller has shown that the specimens examined did 
not seem to give out any blue or violet light, thus supporting Prof. S. P. 
Langley's conclusion that Nature produces the most economical kind of 
light, which may be supposed to mean that, as the insect has no need for 
photographic light, it does not produce it. It is, however, to be stated 
that photographic experiments have not been tried with this /'liotiinis, so 
far as we are aware. Newspaper. 

7* 



226 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

THE BUTTERFLIES' FAD. 
ELLA WHEELER WILCOX. 

I happened one night in my travels 

To stray into Butterfly Yale, 
Where my wondering eyes beheld butterflies 

With ivings that were wide as a sai/. 
They lived in such houses of grandeur, 

Their days were successions of joys, 
And the very last fad these butterflies had 

Was making collections of boys. 

There were boys of all sizes and ages 

Pinned up on their ~^alls. When I said 
'Twas a terrible sight to see boys in that plight, 

I was answered : " Oh, well, they are dead." 
We catch them, alive, but we kill them 

With ether a very nice way, 
Just look at this fellow his hair is so yellow, 

And his eyes such a beautiful gray. 

" Then there is a droll little darkey 

As black as the clay at our feet, 
He sets off that blonde that is pinned just beyond 

In a way most artistic and neat. 
And now let me show you the latest, 

A specimen really select, 
A boy with a head that is carroty red 

And a face that is funnily specked. 

" We cannot decide where to place him, 

Those spots bar him out of each class, 
We think him a treasure to study at leisure, 

And analize under a glass." 
I seemed to grow cold as I listened 

To the words that these butterflies spoke ; 
With fear overcome, I was speechless and dumb, 

And then with a start I awoke ! 

Our Dumb Animals. 

ON May 19 1 took a collecting trip to Eagle Rock, Orange Mountains, 
N. J., at which place there is a rail fence built along the road, on which, 
for the last two years, I have taken some different kinds of beetles, hiding 
in the joints, and in looking for these I took notice of some bore holes 
which I took for the work of Scolytus or Buprestida?, but it gave me quite 
a surprise on this trip to find fifagdalis barbita emerging from holes in a 
shellbark hickory post. The first one I thought nothing of, but after find- 
ing four more specimens in the same manner I made note of it, as it may 



I 95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 227 

be something new to collectors. At the same time I would like to make a 
few remarks about finding Dictzlus purpuratus, of which I took one this 
trip. I have at different times taken seven or eight, but never more than 
one specimen on a collecting trip. Last year I went collecting in the 
same locality for three successive trips and took one each time; all of 
these I found under very large stones, which I was hardly able to turn, 
and the rest I found under small bits of bark, hardly large enough to 
cover the beetle, and in every instance they were alone. I have taken 
D. elongatus, D. dilatatus and D. teter, and have always'taken these in 
numbers. Now, how is it that I was unable to take more than one at a 
time of D. purpuratusl Would like to hear from some collector with 
more experience than I have. EDWIN A. BISCHOFF, Newark, N. J. 

Ox a bright day near the end of July, 1893, a friend of mine, who is also 
an entomologist, came after me to go on a collecting trip with him to 
search for Lepidoptera larvae in a cemetery near Brooklyn, X. V. \\V 
succeeded well with larvae of Smerinthus and Eacles imperial-is. On our 
way home we passed a lilac and the gravel underneath showed droppings; 
we soon located the eaten leaves and found the peculiar larva of Harrisi- 
memna sex-guttata shaking its head from side to side; the inch long hair 
on the head with the remains of the old skin on the end give them a 
strange appearance. This larva is not very common in. this locality, and 
feeds on various plants, such as button-ball, inkberry and rose. I tried 
to locate another one in the vicinity when my friend called my attention 
to several defoliated branches on another lilac bush and a fine full-grown 
larva of Citheronia regalis had to wander into the satchel. This was our 
first knowledge of this species feeding on the lilac bush. On button bush 
they have been found by several collectors, but most have been taken 
from walnut, hickory, gum, persimmon, Oriental plane, etc. In 1893 I 
found, among fifty Dolba hyltcus, that I had two larvae which were black 
marked on their triangular heads. A scale fungus killed them along 
with half of my hyl&us. In June, 1894, while collecting for larvae and 
eggs of /ty/^ns on Ilax (inkberry) I found four much paler eggs which I 
kept separated from the rest and they turned out four black heads and 
two of them emerged as imago of Sphinx kalmice, and two are yet chrys- 
alids. I have never seen Ilax reported as a food-plant of this species. 
I took a hundred geometrid-like larvae on sweet-fern. They were resting 
on the top branches and were hard to see in the bright sunshine; the 
larger were more like the stem in color, but much spotted lower against 
the stem; none were near the ground. They turned out to lie the jet- 
black Catocala antinympha. I failed to preserve some larva;, and learned, 
later from Dr. G. D. Hulst, that the larva- had not yet been described. 
Catocala were quite common in July, 1894, but scarce in August. In one 
day 1 took forty-eight specimens with the cyanide bottle. Previous years I 
had difficulty in finding them, but now being acquainted with their habits 
and hiding places I have more success. They change their resting places 
several times a day, and in damp weather it is best to look for them near 



228 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

the ground. Some trees seem to have a special attraction for them, such 
as dog-wood, or trees covered with vines or loose bark or moss. When 
I failed to find them in one locality I went to one or two others where 
some sort of attraction or other made them assemble here or there. As 
birds and bats (not to speak of squirrels) prey greatly on Catocalcs, as the 
numerous remains indicate, it may be variable winds direct their enemies 
to them and cause them to change their locality. HERMAN MEESKE, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Identification of Insects (Imagos) for Subscribers. 



Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Entomological Litera.tu.re. 



RAMBLES IN ALPINE VALLEYS. By J. W. Tutt, F. E. S., editor of the 
" Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation," vice-president of the 
City of London Entomological and Natural History Society, etc. This is 
an illustrated work of one hundred and eighty-eight pages, published by 
Swan, Sonnenschen & Co., London. "The book deals with the Italian 
side of the Mont Blanc Range, a locality that deserves to be better known, 
than it appears to be, to visitors to the Alps. No attempt has been made 
to go deeply into scientific technicalities, but I have tried to explain as 
simply and clearly as possible the scientific bearings of some of the many 
facts which came under my notice during a holiday spent in that region." 
This book treats of the beauties of Nature in its various phases : the 
glorious mountains, the beautiful valleys, the rushing streams, and, in 
addition, the more animate part of Nature. Many interesting facts are 
brought out and dwelt upon in relation to the flora and fauna. The ento- 
mologist will find much of interest about his or her favorites, and we can 
heartily recommend Mr. Tutt's book. It breathes the spirit of Nature's 
poetry in prose, and such books do much to stimulate the study of all 
that is lovely in Nature. H. S. 

i. ANNALES AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY, sixth series, No. 
89. On the specimens of the genus Cutlterebra and its allies (family 
Oestridse) in the collection of the British Museum, with descriptions of a 
new genus and three new species, E. E. Austen (with pi. xiii). Descrip- 
tions of new Coleoptera from New Zealand, Thos. Broun. On the Cis- 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 22Q 

telidaj and other heteromerous species of Japan, G. Lewis. Note on the 
genus Goniopleura Westwood, with the description of a new species, C. 
J. Gahan. Description of a new species of butterfly from Taganac 

Island, northeast Borneo, H. G. Smith. No. 90. Insects collected by 

Messrs. J. J. Quelch and F. McConnell on the summit of Mount Roraima, 
C. Waterhouse. Observations on the supposed semi-aquatic Phasmid, 

Cotylosoina dipneiisticnm, \V.-M., C. Waterhouse. No. 91. Some 

new species of Odonata of the " Legion" Lestes, with notes, Robert 
McLachlan. Note on the Japanese Rhipidoceridae: a new : genus and 
species, G. Lewis. Descriptions of some new species of Heterocera 
from tropical America, Herbert Druce. On some Coccidae obtained by 
Mr. C. A. Barber in the island of Antigua, W. I., T. D. A. Cockerell. 
New bees of the genus Halictus from New Mexico, U. S. A., T. D. A. 
Cockerell. On the Dascillidce and malacoderm Coleoptera of Japan, G. 
Lewis. Description of a new species of butterfly of the genus Ainanris 
obtained by Mr. Scott Elliot in East Central Africa, A. G. Butler. 

2. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, May, \^.Emmelesia tu-niata 
(with illustration), J. B. Hodgkinson. On the causes of variation and 
aberration in the imago stage of butterflies, with suggestions on the es- 
tablishment of new species, Dr. M. Standfuss. Rhopalocera in the Guild- 
ford District, W. Grover. African Rhopalocera, Philip de la Garde. A 

catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Ireland, W. F. deY. Kane. June On 

the re-arrangement of the Fabrician genus Co/ias, and the proposal of a 
new genus of Pierinas, J. Watson. Notes on Onthophagns Latr., with 
corrections of nomenclature and a description of a new genus, J. W. 
Shipp. 

3. LE NATURALISTS. Paris, No. 196. Description of new Coleoptera, 

M. Pic. Nos. 198, 199. Monographic essay on the Coleoptera of the 

genera Pseudolucanus and Lucanus, M. Planet. 

4. BULLETIN DU MUSEUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE. Paris, 1895, No. 
3. The Homalosoma, Carabidae of the tribe Feronini, J. Kiinckel d' 
Herculais. Note on Homopteraof the genus Flai 'aides Gue"rin, C. Brong- 
niart. On the Arachnida collected in Lower California by M. Diguet, E. 
Simon. Description of new Coleopteron of a the family Tenebrionidae 
(Centorus bedeli n. s.), P. Lesne. Origin and formation of the false stig- 
mata in the Nepidae (Hemiptera), M. J. Martin. 

5. BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE IMPERIALS DKS NATURALISTES DE M< >s- 
cou, 1893, No. 3. Two new Aphids from south Russia, N. Cholodko\ sky. 

6. LK NATURALISTIC CANADIEN, xxii, Xo. 5 (May, 1895). Lcpidnp-. 

. .f Sherbrooke and neighborhood of that city, P. A. Begin. The last 
descriptions of L'Abbe Provancher. 

-. PROCEEDINGS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (21, iv. 
part 2. The Odonata of Baja California, P. P. Calvert. On the Diptera 
of Baja California, including some species from adjacent region, C. II. 
Tyler Townsend. 



230 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

8. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR WISSENSCHAFTLICHE ZOOLOGIE. Leipzig, lix, 2, 
1895. On the amitotic nuclear division in the ovaries of Hemiptera, F. 

Preusse. lix, 3. Contributions to the knowledge of the developmental 

history of the scorpions, II, A. Brauer. Contributions to the knowledge 
of the lower Myriapoda, P. Schmidt. 

9. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON. 
iii, No. 4. Some important structural characters in the classification of 
the parasitic Hymenoptera, W. H. Ashmead. On the genus Pelacinella 
Westwood, . . . ibid. On the genus Barycnemis Foerster, ibid. Lasi- 
ognafha, a new and remarkable genus in the Ichneumonidae, ibid. Dis- 
covery of the genus Elasmosoma Ruthe in America, ibid. A leaf beetle 
of the golden rod, F. H. Chittenden. On the nesting habits of the digger 
wasp, Bembe.v cinerea, D. W. Coquillett. Obituary notice of Dr. Geo. 
Marx, L. O. Howard. Notes on the geographical distribution within the 
United States of certain insects injuring cultivated crops, ibid. Arrhtno- 
phagus in America, ibid. Further notes on the Codling Moth. C. L. 
Marlatt. The American species of Scolioneura Knw., ibid. The hemip- 
terous mouth, ibid. The hibernation of Nematids, and its bearing on 
the inquilinous species, ibid. Notes from California, results of Mr. Kae- 
bele's second mission to Australia, C. Y. Riley. On oviposition in the 
Cynipidae, ibid. List of the entomological writings of George Marx. 
Notes on Nomaretus, . . . ibid. Notes on the distribution of some inju- 
rious insects, F. H. Webster. 

10. COMPTES RENDUS HEBDOMADAIRES DES SEANCES DE L'ACADEMIK 
DBS SCIENCES. Paris, t. cxx No. 18. Comparative study of the odorif- 
erous apparatus in the different groups of Hemiptera Heteroptera, 

Kunckel d'Herculais. No. 19. On the brown pigment in the elytra 

of Curculio cnprens, M. A. B. Griffiths. 

11. THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MICROSCOPY AND NATURAL 
SCIENCE. Bath, January, 1895. Predacious [sic] and parasitic enemies 
of Aphides (including a study of hyper-parasites), pt. 2, H. C. A. Vine. 

12. BULLETIN FROM THE LABORATORIES OF NATURAL HISTORY OF 
THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, III, 3. On the larvae of three Cole- 
optera, H. F. Wickham. Nicaraguan Orthoptera, Lawrence Bruner. 

13. BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA, Part cxxi, March, 1895. Arach- 
nida-Araneidea, pi. 17, O. P. Cambridge. Coleoptera, pp. 313-336, G. 
C. Champion. Hymenoptera, pp. 345-360, P. Cameron. Lepidoptera- 
Rhopalocera, pp. 385-400, pi. 85, F. D. Godman and O. Salvin. Lepid- 
optera-Heterocera, pp. 185-200, H. Druce. Rhynchota-Homoptera, pis. 
4, 5, W. W. Fowler. 

14. CORNELL UNIVERSITY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION (Ent. 
Div.), Bulletin No. 93, May, 1895. The cigar-case bearer in western 
New York, M. V. Slingerland. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 231 

15. KNOWLEDGE, xviii, No. 116. London, June, 1895. The colors of 
butterflies, C. F. Marshall. 

16. ICONES ORNITHOPTERORUM, R. H. F. Rippon, pts. 6, 7. London 
(received June 4, 1895). 

17. ZOOLOGISCHER AxzEiGER. Leipzig, No. 476. Aphorisms on the 
biology, morphology, arrangement of genera and species of the Diplo- 

poda, C. Verhoeff. No. 477. On the phylogeny of the Lepidoptera, 

A. S. Packard. No. 478. The bleeding of the Coccinellidaj, K. G. 

Lutz. 

18. VERHANDLUNGEN DER K. K. ZOOL.-BOT. GESELLSCHAFT IN \VIEN, 
xlv, 4 heft. The ant and termite guests of Brazil, E. Wasmann, part i, 
with an appendix by A. Forel. 

19. MONOGRAPH of the Pseudophyllidse, by C. Brunner von Wattenwyl, 
\Vien, 1895; text in Svo., pis. 4to. 

20. BULLETIN OF THE MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY, xxxvii, i. 
Spermatogenesis of Calopterus femnr-rubrum and Cicada tibicen, E. 
V. Willcox. 

21. AMERICAN NATURALIST. Philadelphia, June, 1895. The mouth- 
parts of Lepidoptera, V. L. Kellogg. 

22. TRANSACTIONS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, 
1895, part 2. Contributions to a knowledge of the African phytophagous 
Coleoptera, pt. i, M. Jacoby. On some new species of butterflies from 
tropical and extra tropical South Africa, R. Trimen. Notes on Indian 
ants, G. A. J. Rothney. On the heteromerous Coleoptera collected in 
Australia and Tasmania by James J. Walker, . . . with descriptions <>! 
new genera and species, G. C. Champion. Descriptions of new Heter- 
ocera from India, G. F. Hampson. 

23. CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST, June, 1895. The insect fauna of the 
Sudbury District, Ontario, J. D. Evans. Notes on collecting, and names 
new to the Canadian list, J. A. Moffatt. The Coleoptera of Canada, pt. 
x, H. F. Wickham. On two new species of Plalycents, T. L. Casi-y. 
Notes on Hymenoptera, \V. H. Harrington. E'/tdryas s/cr. Johannis 
/\edivivits, A. R. Grote. Remarks on Apateloides suggested by an ar- 
ticle by Mr. Schaus, H. G. Dyar. A few points in collecting Ichneu- 
monidae, G. C. Davis. Preliminary studies in Siphonaptera v, C. F. 

Baker. July, 1895. List of Coleoptera collected at Massett, Queen 

Charlotte Islands, B. C., J. H. Keen. P^ntomological notes, J. A. Moffat. 
The insect fauna of the Sudbury District, Ontario, J. D. Evans. Spring 
collecting in Alberta, F. H. VVolley Dod. A new Aegiale i Mcgathymns*, 
H. Skinner. The Coleoptera of Canada, xi. H. F. Wickham. Prelimi- 
nary studies in Siphonaptera, vi, C. F. Baker. Descriptions of the l;u\a 
of certain Tenthredinidae, H. G. Dyar. 



232 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September. 

24. PROCEEDINGS OF THE U. S. NATIONAL MUSEUM, xvii. On the 
Bothriothoracine insects of the United States, L. O. Howard. Notes on 
the geographical distribution of scale insects, T. D. A. Cockerell. 

25. ENTOMOLOGISCHE NACHRICHTEN. Berlin, xx, H. 9. Studies on 
Osniicz, III, H. Friese. 

26. PSYCHE. Cambridge, June, 1895. Notes on the Winter insect 
fauna of Vigo County, Indiana, I, W. S. Blatchley. Eggs of the long- 
nosed ox-louse, Hcsmatopinus vitnla L., F. L. Harvey. On the validity 
of the Tachinid genus Celatoria, D, W. Coquillett. The larva of Btdalis 
basilaris Zell., the relations of its setae, H. G. Dyar. Two new western 
Coccidae, T. D. A. Cockerell. 

27. ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIQUE, xxxix, 
pt. 5. New ants from Oriental Imerina (Moramanga, etc.), A. Forel. 
Descriptions of the new species of phytophagous Coleoptera obtained by 
Mr. Andrews in India, M. Jacoby. 

28. SCIENCE GOSSIP, June, 1895. An aquatic Hymenopterous insect, 
F. Enock. 

29. BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE ZOOLOGIQUE DE FRANCE, xix. Note on 
the Cicindelid Coleoptera of the genus Phtzoxantha Chaudoir, E. Fleu- 
tiaux. Odonata of Cyprus, R. Martin. 

30. MEMOIRES DE LA SOCIETE ZOOLOGIQUE DE FRANCE, vii, parts 2, 3. 
Studies on the ants (seventh note). On anatomy of the petiole of 
Mynnica rubra L., C. Janet (part 4 of same). Observations and experi- 
ments on the me'ans of protection of Abraxas grossulariata L., F. Pla- 
teau. Complete list of the Xylophilidse described before 1894, M. Pic. 
Contributions to the Mediterranean myriapodological fauna (third note), 
H. W. Brdlemann. 

31. ZOOLOGISCHE JAHRBUCHER (Abtheilung f. Systematik, Geographic 
u. Biologie), viii, part 3. Contributions to the knowledge of the North 
American ant fauna, C. Emery. 

32. ENTOMOLOGISCHE ZEITUNG. HERAUSGEGEBEN VON DEM ENTOMO- 
LOGISCHEN VEREIN zu STETTIN. JAHRGANG 51 (1890). Our present 
knowledge of the Ephemennae (conL), H. Hagen. Sphyrorrhina charon, 
a new genus and species of Goliathidae, O. Nickerl. New exotic Cole- 
optera, A. F. Nonfried. On the preparation of larvae, H. Dir.que. Com- 
parative studies on ant and termite guests, E. Wasmann. The entomo- 
logical nomenclature, H. I. Kolbe. Contributions to the knowledge of 
the Butalidae, Dr. Hofmann. On Libellulinae of the collection of Dr. 
Heinrich Dohrn, F. Karsch. 

33. STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE (Agricultural Experiment Station), 
Bulletin No. 31. A preliminary list of the Hemiptera of Colorado, C. 
P. Gillette and C. F. Baker. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 233 

54. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL MUSEUM, No. 48. 
A revision of the Deltoid moths, J. B. Smith. This paper is a continua- 
tion of the author's " Contribution toward a monograph of the Insects 
of the Lepidopterous family Noctuida; of Boreal America," and \\\]\ no 
doubt prove a valuable addition to the literature of Lepidoptera. It con- 
tains 126 pages and 12 plates. The work shows great care in regard to 
synonymy, descriptions and execution of plates. 

35. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES OF PHILA- 
DELPHIA. 1895, part i. Some new bees of the genus Perdita, T. D. A. 
Cockerell. 

36. MlTTHEILCNGEN DES NATl'RWISSENSCHAFTLICHEN YEREINS Fl I; 

STEIEKMARK, JAHRGANG, 1894. The Diptera of Steiermark, pt. iii (Dip- 
tera Xemocera), P. G. Stobl. 

37. REVUE SUISSE DE ZOOLOGIE ET ANNALES DU MUSEE D'HISTOIRE 
NATURELLE DE GENEVE, iii, i. Revision of the tribe of the Perisphserini, 
with plate i, H. de Saussure et L. Zehnter. 

38. ARCHIV FUR NATURGESCHICHTE. Berlin, 61 Jhg., Bel. i, H. i. 
Contributions to the comparative morphology of the abdomen of the 
Coccinellidae, and on the muscling of the abdomen of Coccinella, .... 
C. Verhoeff. 

i 

39. TERMESZETRAJZI FUZETEK, xviii, r, 2. Species of the genus Prio- 
no3ouws Fab., G. Horvath. Description of new species of Ichneumonidas 
of the Hungarian fauna, S. Brauns. 

40. PROCEEDINGS OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF NEW SOUTH WALI ^ 
(2), ix, pts. 2-3. Wood moths, with some account of the life-histories, 

W. W. Froggatt. Part 3. Studies on Australian entomology, No. 
7, new genera and species of Carabidae, . . . T. G. Sloane. 

41. DELAWARE COLLEGE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, Bul- 
letin No. 25. The San Jose 1 scale insect in Delaware, M. H. Beckwith. 

42. NEW YORK STATE MUSEUM, Bulletin II, No. 13. The San Jose" 
scale, Aspidiotus perniciosus and some other destructive scale insects of 
the State of New York, J. A. Lintner. 

43. JOURNAL OF THE Ni:w YORK ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, iii. No. 2. 
-Notes and descriptions of Tachinida?, D. W. Coquillett, A variety of 

the larva? of Sphin.v p/ekeins, \\ . P.eutenmiiller. Notes on two Calli- 
nuirp/ias, H. G. Dyar. On the food-habits of certain dung and carrion 
beetles, C. W. Clark. Notes on a collecting tour in Connecticut, R. L. 
Ditmars. Two California Phalangids, X. Hanks. Notes on Drepanid 
larv;e, H. G. Dyar. On the larva.- of the Hepialicke, A. S. Packard. 
Preliminary handbook of the Coleoptera of northeastern America, C. \Y. 
Leng and W. Beutenmiiller. A list of the spiders of Long Island, . . . 
N. Banks. 



234 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

44. PSYCHE, July, 1895. Life-history of Clisiocampa pluvialis Dyar, 
H. G. Dyar. On the Tachinid genus Acroglossa Williston, D. W. Co- 
quillett. Woolly leaf-gall made by a species of Callirhytis on scrub oak, 
C. H. Townsend. Local butterfly notes, S. W. Dayton. New North 
American Coccidce, T. D. A. Cockerell. New North American bees, ibid. 

45. THE ENTOMOLOGISTS' MONTHLY MAGAZINE, July, 1895. List of 
the Coleoptera common to Britain and North America (concl), G. C. 
Champion. 

46. ANNALES SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIOUE DE BELGIQUE. Tome xxxix, 
vi. Brenthides, by Dr. A. Senna (Hovasius alluadi N. G. nov. sp.). List 
of the Coleoptera in the collection of H. E. Andrews, Esq., from India 
and Burmah, with descriptions of new species and notes, H. S. Gorham. 

47. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD AND JOURNAL OF VARIATION, vi, 
No. ii. Eudryas stce Johannis, A. Radcliffe Grote. 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper is published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 
Kolbe 32, Howard 9, Riley 9, Schwarz 9, Webster 9, Ditmars 43. 

MYRIAPODA. 
Yerhoeff 17, Brolemann 30, Brauer 8, Schmidt S. 

ARACHNIDA. 
Simon 4*, Cambridge 13*, Banks 43*. 

ORTHOPTERA. 

Bruner 12*, Brunner von Wattenwyl 19*, Willcox 20, Blatchley 26, 
Waterhouse i, deSaussure and Zehnter 37. 

NEUROPTERA. 
Provancher6*, Calverty*, Martin 29, Hagen 32, Karsch32, McLachlan i. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Brongniart 4, Martin 4, Cholodkovsky 5, d'Herculais 10, Fowler 13, 
Willcox 20, Cockerell i, 24, 26*, 44*, Marlatt 9, Horvath 39, Beckwith 41, 
Lintner 42, Gillette and Baker, 33*. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Broun i, Lewis i (three), Gahan i, Pic 3, 30, d'Herculais 4, Lesne 4, 
Wickham 12, 23, Champion 13*, 22, 45, Griffiths 10, Wasmann iS, 32, 
Jacoby 22, 27, Evans 23, Casey 23*, Shipp 2, Fleutiaux 29, Waterhouse 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 235 

i, Nickerl 32, Nonfried 32*, Chittenden 9, Schwarz 9*, Verhoeff 38, 
Planet 3, Sloane 40, Clark 43, Leng and Beutenmiiller 43, Lutz 17, Keen 
23, MolTat 23, Senna 46, Gorham 46. 

DIPTERA. 

Austen i*, Townsend 7*, Vine n, Baker 23*, Coquillett 26, 43*, 44, 
Strobl 36. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Smith i, 34*, Hodgkinson 2, Standfuss 2, Grover 2, de la Garde 2, 
Kane 2, Begin 6, Godman and Salvin, 13, Druce r, 13*, Slingerland 14, 
Marshall 15, Rippon 16, Kellogg 21, Trimen 22, Hampson 22, Moffat 23, 
Grote 23, 47, Dyar 23, 26, 43, 44, Watson 2, Plateau 30, Disque 32, Pack- 
ard 17, 43, Marlatt 9, Froggatt 40, Beutenmiiller 43, Dayton 44, Dod 
23, Skinner 23*, Butler i. 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Provancher 6*, Preusse 8, Ashmead 9*, Cameron 13*, Wasmann 18, 
Rothney 22, Harrington 23, Davis 23, Howard 9, 24*, Friese 25, Forel 27, 
Enock 28, Janet 30, Emery 31*, Cockerell i*, 35*, 44*, Coquillett 9, Mar- 
latt 9'*, Riley 9, Brauns 39, Townsend 44, Dyar 23*. 

Doings of Societies. 

The Entomological Section of the Chicago Academy of Sciences held 
its regular monthly meeting at the house of \V. E. Longley, 115 South 
Ridgeland Avenue, Oak Park, 111., Friday evening, June 2ist. A good 
attendance present. Mr. A. J. Snyder, the recorder of the Section, with 
an assistant, left June i4th for a ten-weeks' collecting tour in the West, 
The members present report the collecting this season unusually good. 

\V. E. LONGLEY, Chairman. 



Xne ECntornologica.1 Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



NEW CALIFORNIAN COLEOPTERA. 

By F. E. BLAISDELL, M. D. 

Coniontis sailfordii n. sp. Length 12.5 mm.; width 6.0 mm. Oblong, 
moderately elongate with sides feebly arcuate, rather strongly convex, 
very highly polished, smooth ; vestiture minute and fulvous in color. 



236 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

Head rather coarsely and densely punctured, sides as prominent as pos- 
terior canthus of eyes ; antennae slender. Prothorax one-half wider 
than long, apex nearly two-thirds as wide as base, angles rather broadly 
rounded ; base transverse .and very feebly bisinuate laterally ; angles 
feebly rounded and not prominent ; sides strongly arcuate anteriorly, 
feebly so posteriorly ; disc very finely punctured, punctures becoming 
denser at sides, lateral edges strongly beaded. Elytra at least twice as 
long as prothorax ; punctures fine, but larger than those of pronotum 
and rather sparsely distributed ; sides feebly arcuate. Abdomen strongly 
convex, polished, feebly and sparsely punctate. 

California (Calaveras County, elevation 2300 feet). A series 
of three specimens clearly demonstrates a well-marked species. 

From elongata it differs in its more robust form, shorter and 
broader prothorax. 

The type has been carefully compared with large series of each 
of the following' species : elliptica viatica, eschschollzi, (and 
affinis}. 

In Casey's synopsis of thisgenus ("Coleopterological Notices," 
ii, p. 372), the present species may precede viatica, with the fol- 
lowing brief definition : 

Form more robust, sides of head as prominent as posterior 
canthus of eye, very highly polished, prothorax transverse and 
very finely punctured. 

Occurs in ledges and beneath the debris under trees. When 
living it is strongly primrose. I dedicate the species to Mr. O 
N. Sanford, of Coronado. San Diego County, in recognition of 
the fact that he has done much to make known the insect fauna 
of Southern California. 

Eleodes armata impotens n. subsp. Length 19.0 mm.; width 7.0 mm. 
Form rather elongate and strongly convex, black throughout and some- 
what opaque. Head rather finely, sparsely, submuricately punctured ; 
antennae slender, subclavate, shorter than head and prothorax, joints fifth, 
sixth and seventh subequal in length and width, outer joints rather sud- 
denly widened, transversely elliptical, and twice the width of sixth. 
Prothorax moderately convex, subquadrate, scarcely wider than long, 
apex truncate, equal in width to base, the latter feebly arcuate ; apical 
angles dentiform, small, acute and strongly divergent ; basal angles 
almost rectangular, not prominent ; sides moderately arcuate in anterior 
two-thirds, thence feebly convergent to base ; disc convex, smooth, very 
finely and sparsely punctate. Elytra scarcely three times as long as pro- 
thorax, !ess than one-third wider than the latter, strongly convex ; sidi-s 
evenly arcuate, humeri not prominent ; base equal to contiguous pro- 
thorax ; apex narrowly rounded ; disc rather suddenly declivous behind, 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 237 

punctate ; punctures moderately fine, arranged in rather closely placed, 
feebly impressed series, intervals with similar,. sparsely, irregularly placed 
punctures, which are not asperate at sides ; anterior tibial spurs similar, 
rather long and equal ; middle and posterior spurs shorter. Legs slender 
all the femora armed, the anterior with an acute tooth, the middle with 
an obtuse tooth which is less prominent, the posterior with a smaller and 
very obtuse process. 

Female is larger and more convex, head rather large, thorax strongly 
convex, but elytra less so ; femoral teeth as in the male. 

California (Merced County). 

Described from two specimens. Subsequently a series of 
eight specimens were received in which the femoral spurs uni- 
formly agreed with those of the type specimens, the elytral 
punctuation being much more decided, and the general form 
more elongate, approaching that of gigantea. 

Eleodes confinis s. sp. Length 22.0 mm.; width 9.0 mm. Rather 
robust, very convex and subcylindrical, feebly shining and smooth. 
Head large, as long as wide, finely and evenly punctured; antenna- 
robust, reaching to posterior third of the prothorax, third joint about two 
and one-half times as long as wide, not longer than the next two, joints 
four to eleven, inclusive, subequal in length ; seventh as long as wide ; 
eighth, ninth, tenth and eleventh wider than long. Prothorax scarcely 
a third wider than long, apex broadly and feebly emarginate, subequal 
to base, which is feebly arcuate ; apical angles dentiform, not divergent, 
feebly acute ; sides quite strongly arcuate in anterior three-fifths, widest 
just in front of middle, posteriorly straight, convergent and not in the 
least constricted in front of basal angles, the latter obtuse, not rounded 
nor prominent ; disc convex, very finely, evenly punctate. Elytra about 
two and two-third times as long as prothorax, and at base equal to the 
contiguous base of the latter, widest at middle ; sides evenly arcuate to 
apex, which is obtuse and emarginate from the depression of elytral 
suture in the declivous portion ; humeri obtuse and slightly prominent ; 
disc smooth, strongly convex, very finely and feebly punctured, punctures 
arranged in closely placed series, intervals with a series of very fine, 
sparsely placed punctures, with others that are irregularly scattered and 
which become denser along suture, and rather more confused at apex 
and outer intervals ; scutellum rather large and glabrous. Abdotnoi 
smooth, shining, finely and sparsely punctate. Lc^s moderately slender, 
anterior femora armed with a small acute tooth ; spurs similar and sub- 
equal. 

California (Mokelumne Hill, Calaveras County). 

The present form should be placed with those species having 
the thorax with sides gradually narrowing to base, and should 
precede hispilabris in our lists. 



238 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

Helops stenotrichoides n. sp. $. Length 11.5 mm., width 4.0 mm. 
Elongate oval, piceous, head, antennae and legs rufo-piceous. Head 
transverse, finely and densely punctured ; epistoma depressed, and trun- 
cate at apex, angles narrowly rounded ; eyes convex, round (viewed from 
above), prominent ; antennae slender, outer joints very slightly com- 
pressed, reaching to middle third of elytra, feebly incrassate, third joint 
slightly shorter than the next two, fifth just visibly shorter than the fourth, 
eleventh ellipsoidal and just perceptably longer than the eighth. Pro- 
thorax quadrate : apex strongly arcuate and equal to the base, apical 
angles feebly rounded ; base truncate, angles subrectangular ; sides 
feebly arcuate anteriorly, nearly straight and feebly convergent posteriorly; 
disc evenly, moderately, transversely convex, rather finely, very densely 
punctate throughout, at sides the interspaces raised into very fine, wavy 
longitudinal rugae. Elytra twice as long as wide, and nearly two and 
one-half times longer than the prothorax ;.base slightly wider than the 
contiguous base of the latter ; humeri slightly prominent and narrowly 
rounded ; sides nearly parallel anteriorly, rather strongly arcuate in pos- 
terior third to apex ; disc moderately convex, widest at junction of middle 
with posterior third, finely striate, intervals with a few scattered, very 
fine transverse rugae, each interval with a single series of irregularly 
spaced, small tubercles, which become obsolete towards the suture. 
Abdomen very finely and moderately sparsely punctate, clothed with very 
short, sparse, flavate hairs, which are rather long, and flying on the last 
ventral segment ; metasternum between coxa and groove equal to the 
first ventral segment in length. Legs moderately slender, tibiae pubes- 
cent. 

Male. Length 8.0 mm.; width 2.5 mm. Slender, subparallel, antennae 
reaching to middle of the elytra, third joint equal to the next two, others 
more elongate, eleventh about twice as long as wide. Elytral intervals 
convex and narrow. 

California (Mokelumne Hill, Calaveras County. 

Several specimens taken in November and December from 
beneath the bark on an old Buckeye (sEsculus californica) stump. 
In the present species the prothorax is widest at the junction of 
middle and anterior thirds, and should be placed with those 
apterous species which have the antennae longer than the head 
and prothorax, prothorax quadrate, with apex rounded. 



AT one time the ravages of the Dermestes vulpimts were so great in 
the skin warehouses of London, that a reward of ^"20,000 was offered for 
an available remedy. Baird's Cyclop. Nat. Sci., London, 1858. 

OVALLE states that, in the pampas of Chili, bread is made of Locusts 
and of Mosquitos. Coivan's Curious Facts. 



1985.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 239 

ODONATA-A NOTE AND A DESCRIPTION. 

By Prof. D. S. KELLICOTT, Columbus, Ohio. 

In his paper,* the Odonata of New York State, Mr. Calvert 
says that '' Diplax obtrusa probably lives in New York." I am 
able to confirm the truth of this inference as I have taken it 
several years in succession in Hastings, Oswego County ; in 
August and September I have found it quite as abundant as 
D. rubicundula. 

In the "Catalogue of the Odonata of Ohio,"t I gave an 
account of the habits, localities in which it had been taken, and 
a description of the female of a species of Enallagma which I had 
mistaken for Enallagma divagans. All that is said in that article 
refers to the species described below and not to divagans. I 
have obtained examples of the iatter and compared the two. 
They are clearly distinct and I hasten to correct the grave error. 

Enallagma geminata n. sp. Length of abdomen, c f 20 mm., 9 19 mm.; 
hind wing 15 mm., Z 15 mm. ( 1 } Head: labrum and brows blue, 
clypeus and vertex black, post-ocular spots cuneiform, not connected, 
blue ; prothorax black edged with blue, scarcely bilobed. Thorax black 
above with a blue stripe each side (this is sometimes divided as in A 7 ! 
positd] ; sides blue with a black line on the suture. Wings hyaline, pter- 
ostigma black ; legs black and pale, tarsi black. Abdomen brassy black, 
blue as follows : i, an apical ring and a lateral spot connected with it ; 2, a 
basal ring interrupted dorsally, this ring is sometimes very wide and the 
interruption also, there is a lateral stripe connected with the ring ; 3-6, 
basal interrupted rings ; 8-9, wholly, abdomen beneath pale blue with 
brown shades apically ; the abdominal appendages are black, agreeing very 
closely in form with those of divagans ; they are relatively stouter, and 
from above the outline is more oblong ; there is a sharp tooth on the 
lower edge of the inner face, the upcurved apex of the lower branch 
(referring to the type exsulans) is a little stouter and more obtuse than 
in divagans, while the uoper one is a little less prominent ; the inferior 
appendages are little longer than the superior with the acute apex curved 
upward and inwards. 

Q . Very similar to the male. The blue of the front of the head of the 
male is pale blue or brownish ; the post-ocular spots and humeral stripes 
a little paler; the abdomen is black above, the sides pale blue, sternal 
membrane black ; there is an apical ring on i ; 3-7 have a basal pale blue 
ring with a wide interruption dorsally ; on 8 there is a large blue spot on 
either side, these are separated dorsally by a black line of varying width ; 
the appendages are black, the valves pale or faded brown. 

* "Journal of the Entomological Society of New Vork," vol. iii, p. 48. 

t" Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History," January, 1895, P a ge 2 5- 



240 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

I have taken it as follows : Licking Reservoir, Ohio, May 25, 
July ii and 25; Sandusky, Ohio, June 26; Delaware, Ohio, 
May 30 ; Springfield, Ohio, July 6 ; Sugar Grove, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 4 ; Corunna, Mich., July 25. At Licking Reservoir it 
was not uncommon at the dates given for July. 

The variable width of the basal ring on 2 is confusing ; in con- 
sequence the dorsum of 2 in some examples is completely black, 
in others the black is restricted to a well marked apical spot, 
hence different individuals fall into different groups of the genus. 
Again the appendages of the male, except the inner tooth, which 
was at first overlooked, are so nearly like those of divagans that 
a mere description scarcely separates them. On the other hand 
both sexes are smaller than divagans. 



OBITUARY. 

MOUNT CARROLL, ILL., July 30. Dr. Henry Shimer died on Sunday, 
July 28th. He was formerly State Entomologist, and had the honor of 
naming all the grasses and cereals at the World's Columbian Exposition, 
and was also engaged in work for the Smithsonian Institution at Wash- 
ington. He was worth $100,000. 

We were surprised and pained to see the above notice in one of our 
Philadelphia newspapers. Only recently we had a very pleasant visit 
from Dr. Shimer, and he always came to the Academy on his periodical 
visits to this State. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for June, was mailed May 30, 1895. 



ENT. NKWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. X. 




PROF. C. V. RILEY, M.A., PH D. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION", 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 



VOL. vi. OCTOBER, 1895. No. 8. 

CONTENTS: 



Prof. C. V. Riley 241 Editorial 254 

Smith Some entomological notes 243 j Economic Entomology 255 

Osburn Rhopalocera ot Tennessee. ... 245 Notes and News 261 

Stiles Spherularia bombi in America.. 248 Entomological Literature 265 

Cunningham List of butterflies, etc... 251 Doings of Societies 271 

Davidson California!] bees and wasps. 252 



Prof. C. V. RILEY, M.A., Ph.D. 

It is with profound regret that we publish these lines relating 
to the death of Prof. C. V. Riley, w T ho w r as an Englishman by 
nativity, having been born in London in 1843. His boyhood was 
passed in the village of Walton, on the Thames. He subse- 
quently attended schools in France and Germany. For six years 
he studied on the Continent of Europe, and this is the secret of 
his familiarity with the French and German languages, and of 
his power of speaking them with exceptional accuracy. Two 
passions characterized his boyhood one for collecting insects, 
the other for drawing and painting. 

The early loss of his father, and the care at school of a younger 
brother, developed in young Riley a self-reliance and sense of 
responsibility which gave a practical turn to his views, and con- 
vinced him that the classical education he was getting lacked 
many elements of utility. So, at the age of seventeen, he sail< d 
for New York, where, after a seven weeks' voyage, he arrived 
with little means and "a stranger in a strange land." He went 
West and settled upon a farm in Illinois. Here he remained for 
four years, and acquired an experience of practical agriculture. 
About the time of his majority he commenced journalistic work 
in Chicago, where, in connection with his work on the paper, he 
gave special attention to botany and entomology. His writings, 

8 



242 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

especially on economic entomology, soon made him well and 
favorably known to the public. 

In 1868 he accepted the office of State Entomologist of Mis- 
souri. For nine years he worked in this position. It was during 
this time the great grasshopper plague of Kansas and Missouri 
occurred, and his services in connection therewith as Chief of 
the Entomological Commission of the United States were of the 
highest value. 

In the Spring of 1878 he was tendered the position of finto- 
tomologist to the Department of Agriculture, which he accepted, 
but shortly afterwards relinquished, retaining, however, his posi- 
tion at the head of the Entomological Commission, and continu- 
ing his work in the service of the Government. In 1881 the 
Division of Entomology in the Department of Agriculture was 
formed, and Professor Riley was placed at its head a position 
which he continued to occupy until last year, when, on account 
of impaired health, he tendered his resignation. 

Professor Riley has given to the National Museum at Wash- 
ington, his private collection of American insects, containing 
more than 20,000 species, and represented by 115,000 pinned 
specimens, and much additional material unpinned and in alcohol. 
Professor Riley was a member of many scientific and philosophi- 
cal societies of this country and Europe, and has received many 
medals and diplomas of honor from foreig.i governments. In 
1889 he received the insignia of Knight of the Legion of Honor. 
At this time the French Minister of Agriculture wrote him a per- 
sonal letter acknowledging the distinguished and valuable services 
which he had rendered to French agriculture. 

HOW HE WAS INJURED. 

Prof. Riley left his residence at 2135 Wyoming Avenue, on Co- 
lumbia Heights, a few minutes after nine o'clock, on September 
1 4th, and, mounting his bicycle, started for the city by the way of 
the Columbia Road and the extension of Connecticut Avenue. 
There is a steep hill between California Avenue and Boundary 
Street, and those who saw Professor Riley coming down this grade 
noticed that he was riding more rapidly than was his custom. 
When he reached the flat pavement at Connecticut Avenue and 
S Street, whose intersection is but a few feet from Florida Avenue, 
the front wheel of the bicycle struck a piece of granite that was 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 243 

lying on the concrete, having apparently dropped from one of 
the wagons hauling broken stone for the base of the asphalt 
pavement being laid in that vicinity. 

When the wheel came in contact with the obstruction it turned 
directly at right angles and Professor Riley was thrown with great 
violence, head downward, on the pavement. His feet seemed to 
get tangled in the pedals and the machine fell on top of him. 
He was apparently lifeless, and a stream of blood gushing from 
his ear had already formed a pool on the pavement. The injured 
man was lifted up and laid on the parking, and in a few minutes 
several physicians were present. The observable injuries of Pro- 
fessor Riley consisted of a deep gash over the left eye, a cut 
across his nose and the laceration of every knuckle on either 
hand, showing that his grasp on the handle bar of his machine 
had not relaxed, so quickly had the catastrophe happened. 
Death took place shortly after midnight on September I5th. 

The work done by Professor Riley is too well known to ento- 
mologists to require a detailed account, and we are sorry, indeed, 
that his life was cut short at a period when he would have had 
much more time to devote to research, having given up executive 
and routine work in the Department of Agriculture. 



-o- 



Some Entomological Notes from Montgomery County, Virginia. 

By ELLISON A. SMYTH, JR., Blacksburg, Va. 

Inasmuch as Argynnis bellona has been given a hitherto North- 
ern range, it will be of interest to note its capture in this south- 
western part of Virginia; two specimens, both males, were cap- 
tured here in the latter part of August, 1894; both were taken 
in a wet, boggy place in a little valley, and were the only ones 
seen, the only other Argynnidae taken or seen being Arg. cybele, 
diana and Euptoieta claudia. Three specimens of Phyciodcs 
nyctt:is were also taken here in July, and in June I saw one 
Mt'Iitcea phceton on the side of Bald Knob, about 4000 feet above 
sea-level, but having no net, failed to secure it. 

This Spring (April 13, 1895) I saw my first Thecla damon, on 
Junipcrus yirginica, and it has been since, and is now ( Mnv s , 
very abundant in both|sexes, every red cedar having a few flitting 
abo.ut their top branches. They seem also to fancy the bloom 



244 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

of Rhus aromatica, and I catch them repeatedly at that, though 
I have not yet seen them near Cercis, also in full bloom, right at 
hand. The eggs are laid, as described by Mr. Scudder, on the 
very tips of the cedar twigs, and I have also noticed a great 
number of ichneumon fly (Pimp/a, I think) diligently searching- 
among the ends of twigs, so that I think it may be a parasite of 
damon, though as yet I have been unable to verify the suspicion. 

In early April a negro brought in eleven imagos of Dynastes 
tityus, six males and five females, taken from the decayed base 
of a recently felled white oak stump; from his description there 
must have been many larvae and pupae there also, which he said 
his chickens had destroyed. As soon as possible Prof. Alwood 
and myself visited the place; the stump was much rotted on one 
side, and we removed about a bushel of the excrement of the 
larvae; we were too late, however, finding only one male and one 
female imago, the remains of a pupa skin, and at last, by very 
diligent search and by following each decayed rootlet to its base, 
we secured two of the large, remarkable larvae, which are still in 
captivity, in rotting wood supplied them in the breeding-case. 

Papilio glaucus is the only female form of turnus that I have 
seen here, and they are smaller than those captured on the sea- 
board of South Carolina. Eudamus cellus is occasionally taken 
in the watered rocky ravines where the wild catnip covers the 
ground. 

The males of Argynnis diana are flying in early June, and the 
females appear about the last of July, being in full force in Au- 
gust, at which times the males are much worn, and it is then 
difficult to secure good specimens of the males. I have invari- 
ably found the males more difficult to catch than the females; at 
the first alarm they make for the forests on the hillsides and are 
lost; in their early appearance in June they are mostly to be seen 
on the wing, crossing and following the mountain roads, and are 
then difficult to catch; later both sexes are attracted by thistle in 
bloom, and also by the purple Eupatorium, but their favorite 
plant is the iron weed, Vernonia angust, 'folia, and its allies; so 
much is this so that we used to call this " Diana Weed," and in 
driving through the mountains always stopped whenever we saw 
a patch of it. It is enough to make the heart jump to come 
across a fine head of Veruonia and see two or three of the blue 
females quietly feeding, their blue color contrasting well with the 



1 895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 245 

rich purple of Vernonia; it is better to see only one diana on a 
cluster, however, for if there are more, the effort to secure all at 
a stroke generally results in the escape of all, and a diana once 
alarmed is not always easy to approach. I have collected diana 
along the Blue Ridge, but in my experience their stronghold is 
near Brevard, in Transylvania County, North Carolina, and the 
country around the Davidson River and head-waters of the 
French Broad. In the valleys near Buck Forest Hotel and Cedar 
Mountain and Cashar's Valley (near Brevard), wherever patches 
of Vernonia are seen, and even on the dahlias in front of the 
mountaineer's cottage, can be found, in August and September, 
dianas enough to satisfy the most ardent collector. 

Colias eurytheme, so characteristic on the coast and midlands 
of South Carolina (in fact, there, being the only Colias, save 
c&sonia) is not seen here at all, being replaced by philodice. 

And lastly, among the Sphingidae, the great brown rustica is 
occasionally taken at the Datura blossoms, though not as plenti- 
fully as in Charleston County, South Carolina. I am now anx- 
iously awaiting news from a pupa of Citheronia seputchralis cap- 
tured on Pinus mitis last September. 



-o 



RHOPALOCERA OF TENNESSEE. 

By WILLIAM OSBURN. 

During the Summer of 1894, while making a study of the in- 
sect fauna of Nashville and vicinity, considerable attention was 
given to the diurnals. As far as I am aware, no list of the but- 
terflies of Tennessee has ever been published. The subjoined 
list, representing seventy species, is not exhaustive, as but a small 
section of the State has been explored, an area such as would be 
described by a radius extending about fifteen miles from Nash- 
ville. The season was unfavorable, owing to the excessively cold 
spell in May and the unusual drought through most of the Sum- 
mer. Observations extending over several seasons and including 
the eastern and western portions of the State will probably in- 
crease the list to one hundred species or more. In ENTOMO- 
LOGICAL NEWS for March, 1893, Dr. Henry Skinner reports 
Neonympha canthus, chrysophanus, hypophhcus and Grapta fau- 
nus as found in North Carolina. In the April issue for 1894, 



246 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

Rev. John Davis reports Grapia progne, Pamphila accius, Phy- 
ciodes phaon, Lyc&na alee and Pyrgus syrichthus, as taken in 
Arkansas, and in the "Canadian Entomologist" for October, 
1894, Hattie H. Warner includes in her list of Kentucky butter- 
flies Melitcea ph&ton, Satyrus alope, Pamphila peckius and Ni- 
soniades juvenalis. 

The above and other species of contiguous States will doubtless 
be added to our fauna upon more extended research. 

The data appended to each species have been confirmed, in 
most cases, by personal observations. The months are given to 
indicate when specimens were actually observed. The number 
of specimens observed furnishes the data upon which the abun- 
dance or scarcity of each species is based. It is understood, 
however, that the rarity of a species is not always indicated by 
the number of imagoes actually seen. Last Fall I succeeded in 
securing a large number of caterpillars of Pyrameis cardui, but 
not a single imago was seen. Further, a species scarce in one 
season may be abundant in another. Last Fall Agraulis vanillfz 
was decidedly rare, while in the Autumn of 1893, it was unusually 
abundant. 

For assistance in determining doubtful specimens I am under 
many obligations to Dr. Henry Skinner, of Philadelphia, to 
whom were submitted examples of every species except three. 
Appended is the list : 

1. Danais archippus Fab. Abundant; March to November. 
Three broods; hibernates in imago state. Food-plant, milkweed. 

2. Agraulis vanillce Linn. Rare: August to November. T\vo 
broods; the imago hibernates, and possibly the chrysalis; one 
specimen emerged January i5th. Food-plant, passion vine. 

3. Euptoieta claudia Cram. Abundant; March to November. 
Three broods; the imago hibernates. Food-plant, passion vine. 

4. Argynnis diana Cram. Rare. Prof. G. H. French writes: 
'I have received it from Chattanooga, Tenn." Probably two 

broods; the pupa probably hibernates. Food-plant, violets. 

5. Argynnis cybele Fabr. Rare; June to October. Two 
broods; the pupa probably hibernates. Food-plant, violets. 

6. Argynnis aphrodite Fabr. Prof. G. H. French, in his 
" Butterflies of Eastern United States," reports it from Tennes- 
see. Two broods; probably hibernates in the pupa state. Food- 
plant, violets. 



1 8g5-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 247 

7. Phyciodes nycteis Db.-Hew. Rare; June to August. Prob- 
ably two broods; probably hibernates in the larva state. Food- 
plants: aster, sunflower, etc. 

8. Phyciodes tharos Dru. Abundant; probably three broods ; 
the larva hibernates. Food-plant, aster. Seasonal forms marcia 
and morpheus both abundant. 

9. Grapta interrogations Fabr. Common; March to Novem- 
ber; the imago hibernates. Food-plants: hackberry, elm and 
hop-vine. Seasonal forms fabricii and nmbrosa were reared from 
the same brood of larvae. 

10. G. comma Harr. Rare; June and August. Two broods; 
the imago hibernates. Food-plant, hackberry. 

ir. Vanessa antiopa Linn. Rare; two specimens in June. 
Two broods; the imago hibernates. Food plants: willow, elm, 
poplar. 

12. Pyrameis atalanta Linn. Common ; May to October. 
Three broods; the imago probably hibernates. Food-plants: 
nettle and hop. 

13. P. huntera Fabr. Common; June to November. Three 
broods; the imago hibernates. Food-plants: burdock, sunflower, 
etc. 

14. P. cardui Linn. Common ; September to November. 
Probably three broods ; the imago hibernates. Food-plant, 
thistle. 

15. Junonia ctznia Hub. Somewhat common ; July to No- 
vember. Probably three broods; the imago hibernates. Food- 
plants: snapdragon and plantain. 

16. Limenitis Ursula Fabr. Rare; July and August. Prob- 
ably two broods; probably hibernates in the pupa state. Food- 
plants: willow, cherry, etc. 

17. L disippus Gdt. Somewhat common; August and Sep- 
tember. Two broods; hibernates in the larva state, and possibly 
the chrysalis. Food-plant, willow. One specimen of var. flori- 
lien sis was taken August 22cl. 

18. Apatura celtis Bd.-Lec. Common ; July to September. 
Two broods, possibly three; the larva hibernates. Food- plant, 
hackberry. 

19. A. clyton Bd.-Lec. Rare; June to October. Two broods; 
the larva hibernates. Food-plant, hackberry. Seasonal forms 
Proserpina and ocellata were both observed. 



248 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

20. An<za andria Scud. Common; April to November. T\vo 
broods, possibly three; the imago hibernates. Food-plant, Cro- 
ton capitatum. 

21. Debis portlandia Fabr. Rare ; two specimens in July. 
Probably two broods ; the larva probably hibernates. Food- 
plant, grass. 

22. Neonympha gemma Hiib. Common in dense woods July 
to September. Three broods ; the larva probably hibernates. 
Food-plant, grass. 

23. N. eurytris Fabr. Common; May to July. One brood, 
possibly two; the larva hibernates. Food- plant, grass. 

24. N. sosybius Fabr. Rare; July to September. Two broods; 
the larva hibernates. Food-plant, grass. 

25. Libythea bachmani Kirtl. Abundant ; June to October. 
Two broods, possibly three; the imago probably hibernates, early 
specimens being worn. Food-plant, hackberry. 

(To be continued.) 



-o- 



SPHERULARIA BOMBI IN AMERICA. 

An animal in which Prolapsus vaginas is normal. 

By CH. WARDELL STILES, Ph. D. 

Prof. John B. Smith recently sent me some parasites (Spheru- 
laria bombi^) from the body-cavity of the Humble-Bee for deter- 
mination and requested me to write a short account of them for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS.* I acceed to the request 
all the more willingly as, so far as I have been able to find, this 
curious parasite has never been described in American literature, 
although several records of the presence of a parasite in the Hum- 
ble Bee occur in American journals which undoubtedly refer to this 
particular species. 

The parasite in question is one of those curious forms in which, 
what frequently occurs to a moderate degree as a pathological 
process in higher animals, here takes place to an enormous ex- 
tent as the normal condition of affairs; it is further an extremely 
interesting form, as a particular set of organs normally undergoes 
an hypertrophy entirely out of proportion to its original size, or 
in fact to the size of the original organism. A third point in 
connection with the worm is that it represents one of those pecu- 
liar cases of parasitism in which only the female sex lives a para- 
sitic life. 

* I found specimens in material collected by my students in female Boinbus pennsylva- 
nicus, B. fervidus and B. consimilis. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 249 

The worm was discovered, in 1838, by Leon Dufour, who was 
inclined to look upon it as an insect-larva. Von Siebold, how- 
ever, afterwards showed that true nematodes develop from the 
egg of this monstrosity, and its systematic position was thus made 
somewhat more clear. The worm was then observed by various 
workers, but no clear explanation of the paradoxical organism 
could be given. Lubbock afterwards noticed that an almost 
microscopic nematode was frequently found attached near one 
end of the parasitic structure, and Schneider suggested that the 
larger tube-like structure was an organ which had become more 
or less independent of the original body. Prof. Rudolf Leuckart* 
(1887), to whom science owes the solution of so many of the 
riddles which confront the helminthologist, finally made a very 
thorough study of the worm, together with another worm, show- 
ing the same tendency to a somewhat lesser degree, and succeeded 
in clearing up this gynecological mystery. 

The following is an abridged account of the parasite, and those 
who desire to examine* more closely into the details of the sub- 
ject are referred to Leuckart's magnificent monograph. 

The males and females of Spherularia bombi^ro. almost micro- 
scopic ; they live in moist earth and, although their intestinal 
system is not of such a structure as to allow of their taking food, 
they may live for months, probably using the reserve material 
stored up during their inter-uterine existence. Their reproduc- 
tive organs come to functional development and the animals 
copulate; after copulation the males die, the females alone living 
to represent the species. 

The females then watch their chance to obtain a "widow's 
home" for the Winter; they enter the female Humble-Bee which 
is about to hibernate, and in the body-cavity of this insect they 
continue their curious development. The vagina gradually ev.i- 
inates through the vulva, taking with it the entire sexual appa- 
ratus, and the greater part of the intestine; this evaginated pur 
tion develops to an enormous extent, attaining in many cases 20 
mm. in length by i mm. in breadth, but remains attached for a 
long time to the almost microscopic body of the original worm 
at the vulva, or possibly it would be better to say that the body 
of the female remains attached at the vulva to its cvaginated 

* 1887 Neue Beitrage zur Kenntniss des Banes u. d. Lehensgeschichte der Nematoden; 
Abli. d. math.-phys. Cl. Kgl. Sachs. Ges d. Wiss. pp. 565-704, 3 Taf. 



250 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

genitalia ! Finally, the body of the worm falls, and the genitalia 
continue to live an independent existence, nourished by osmosis 
in the body-cavity of the bee. It is estimated that the genitalia 
have hypertrophied 60,000 times their natural size, and have 
become 15.000 to 20,000 times the size of the original female. 

In the meantime numerous embryos have developed within the 
uterus; these embryos fall into the body-cavity of the bee and 
become free, probably boring through the intestinal wall of the 
host and being passed, or in some cases by the death and decay 
of the bee. Upon becoming free, they develop their sexual or- 
gans and copulate, the males die and the females await the oppor- 
tunity of obtaining a Winter home in the next Winter's female' 
humble-bees. 

It is almost needless to add that the presence of these parasites, 
especially in large numbers, brings about an atrophy of some of 
the organs, more particularly of the internal genitalia of the host, 
and this causes the female bees to remain more or less sterile. 

The parasite described {Spherularia bombi) does not represent 
the only species of nematode in which we find these gynecological 
conditions. Leuckart has described a parasite (Atractonema 
gibbosum) from the body-cavity of the larva and pupa of a small 
Cecidomya which has a similar life-history, but in which the pro- 
lapsus vagina? occurs to a more moderate degree. I have also 
frequently noticed prolapsus vagina* in the genus Oxyuris (pin- 
worms) more particularly in O. ambigua Rud., 1819, found in 
rabbits (Lepiis cuniculus). This condition, which is not infre- 
quently noticed in the worms found in the intestines, can be 
brought about artificially by suddenly immersing the parasite in 
cold water. 

EXPLANATION OF PLATE XI. 

Fig. i. -Normal young worm. 

" 2. Female with beginning evagination of the vagina. 
" 3. The evaginated vagina has grown larger than the worm and con- 
tains the other genital organs and the intestine. 
4. Spherularia bombi as usually found. The body of the worm 

has fallen. 

" 5 Transverse section through fig. 4. 

Figs. 1-5 are taken from one of my old Leipzig sketch-books, and figs. 
2, and 5 at least, and possibly also fig. 3 were made from 
Leuckart's original preparations. 

Fig. 6.S. bombi with the body of the worm still attached. After I.ub- 
bock, from Cobbold. 

All figures greatly enlarged. 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI 



PI. XI. 




SPHERULARIA BOMBI. 



1895-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



251 



List of Butterflies taken in the vicinity of Ft. Klamath, Oreg. 

Bv B. L. CUNNINGHAM. 



Papilio zolicaon 
' ' eurymedon 
' ' rutulus 
Parnassius clod ins 
Neophasia menapia 
Pieris occidentalis 

" beckerii 
Anthocharis Stella 

sara reakirtii 
ausoniades 
Colias eurytheme 

sp. ? 

Danais archippus 
Argynnis leto 

monticola 
eurynome 
epithore 
arge 
Melitaea colon 

rubicuncla 
gabbii 

Phyciodes pratensis 
Grapta, comma var. 
satyrus 
zephyrus 
Vanessa antiopa 

californica 
milbertii 
Pvrameis atlanta 
huntera 
caryse 



Limenitis lorquini 
Heterochroa californica 
Ccenonympha inorata 
Satyrus ariane 
cetus 
charon 

Chionobas californica 
Thecla californica 
" spinetorum 
iroides 
behrii 

" eryphon 
" dumetorum 
Chrysophanus editha 

mariposa 
helloides 
cupreus 

zerce 

Lycaena ssepiolus 
pheres 
antiacis 
sagittigera 
glaucon 
shasta 
melissa 
anna 

Pamphila vestris 

sylvanoides 
Pyrgus tesselata 

ccespitalis 
Xisoniades persius 
Eudamus semi Ira 



This list is not complete, but is as nearly so as I am now able 
to make it. 

I think that Papilio oregonia is to be found within a few miles 
of here, at least within twenty, on " Modoc Point," a spur of the 
east Cascade Range of Mountains which run down on the east 
side of Upper Klamath Lake. 



252 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

THE HABITS OF CALIFORNIAN BEES AND WASPS. 

Anthidium emarginatum, its Life-history and Parasites. 
By ANSTRUTHER DAVIDSON, M. D. , Los Angeles, Cal. 

It is doubtful if they ever dig the hole wherein they nest. I 
find them in so many different places that I incline to believe they 
occupy whatsoever hole they find convenient. I have found 
them most frequently in short tunnels in the bare adobe banks, 
or in the soft sandstone rocks that form the walls of excavations 
and cuttings. These tunnels were originally the nesting sites of 
a species of Anthophora. While this may be considered the 
normal nesting place of this species of Anthidium, they are dis- 
posed to occupy any medium-sized hole, either in the ground or 
in a hollow stem ; one built in the key-hole of a door. The hole 
or tunnel chosen is lined with the wool gathered from the foliage 
of Gnaphalium chilense, and G. microcephalum, our western 
species of everlasting. In this the pollen mass and egg destined 
to form each cell are deposited, the interval between each mass 
being composed of the same woolly material firmly compacted. 
The cells in each hole seem to be regulated solely by its depth 
and vary accordingly from one to seven. Usually the holes are 
not more than a few inches deep, but no matter what the depth 
she almost invariably fills the cavity to the top with this floccu- 
lent vegetable down, firmly compacted together. The object of 
this is doubtless to prevent the rain soaking into the cavity and 
endangering the vitality of the larvae, for which purpose it is 
most admirably adapted being impervious to, and non-absorbent 
of water. 

The eggs are deposited in the usual manner and the larvae 
about the end of August spin their cocoons. These when 
stripped of the woolly covering and the larval excrement adher- 
ing to it, present a smooth chestnut-colored surface. They are 
oblong in shape with blunt ends, and average 6 to 8 lines in 
length and 3 to 4 in width. On the one end is a small mammil- 
lary projection showing on the outside a hollow tip. The 
cocoon on section appears to be slightly thinner towards the 
mammillated end, and is smooth and glossy silvery internally 
except opposite the tubercule, where the individual threads are 
more distinct. The papilla on section shows the external part 
hollow and coriaceous in texture, the internal lining is here less 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 253 

dense than that of the remainder of the cell and the interval 
between is an open meshvvork of fibres. Whether or not this 
is to be considered as an air hole or breathing- tube, it is doubt- 
less analogous to the structures described by Prof. Riley as 
occurring in the Sphecius spfdosus (" Insect Life " vol. iv, 252). 

Its capability to supply air must, from the nature of the inte- 
rior lining, be limited indeed, yet probably this is its purpose. 
The remainder of the cell with its surfaces polished externally 
and internally seems totally impervious to air. Why the air- 
holes in the cocoon of Sphecius speciosus should be made to pro- 
ject above the surface I do not understand, but the necessity of 
their so doing in this instance is apparent on superficial examina- 
tion. As I have already observed, the cocoons are covered 
over with a layer of excrementitious matter, so that unless the 
air-hole projected above the surface it too would become cemented 
over in the process of spinning the cocoon. The air-hole is 
always on the end nearest the outlet, and the larva always lies 
with its head toward that end. 

Of the forty specimens of cells in my collection that appear on 
superficial examination to be identical, and were presumably 
built by this Anthidium, five prove to be constructed by an 
Anthidium of a larger size and brighter color than the one under 
review. Among the remainder were seven cells of the typical 
shape, but of smaller size, and thicker walled, the increased 
thickness being due to another layer uniformly disposed inter- 
nally and forming in reality a double walled cocoon the interior 
of which was less glossy than the type.* These larvae on hatching 
proved to be of an entirely different species, and have been 
identified for me (doubtfully, I fear) as Megachile brevis, Say. 

Nine of the cells were occupied by parasites Of these 

Lctccospis affinis occupied three. 

Pholopsis unicohr Cress, occupied three. 

Sphcerophthahna sp.? occupied one. 

Monodontomems montivagus Ashm. occupied one. 

Physocephalus affinis Will, occupied one. 

This last was found in the cell adjoining that which contained 
the Sphcerjphthalma , both of which were discovered in a nesl 
constructed in the empty retreat of a trap-door spicier. 

* This species huild their nests in June and July, and after spinning their cocoons remain 
in the larval state throughout the Winter, pupating shortly belore making their exit in 
the first sveek of June. 



[October, 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADVANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

g^sp" All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., OCTOBER, 1895. 



A NEW DEPARTURE. 

WITH this number of the NEWS we will inaugurate a new departure in 
relation to the Economic Department of the journal. This department, 
as in the past, will be under the charge of Prof. John B. Smith, Sc.D., of 
New Brunswick, N. J. The principal change will be in the fact that papers 
for the department are solicited, and should be sent direct to the editor. 
Prof. Smith. If necessary we will increase the amount of space devoted 
to economic entomology, and do all in our power to make it a success. 
We fully appreciate its importance as a study, and see clearly that it has 
a great future; we also wish to make the NEWS as valuable as possible to 
the general public, and hope many patrons will recommend and introduce 
it among their friends interested in agriculture and horticulture. We 
hope to see this department grow into one of great usefulness, as it ap- 
peals more directly to the interests of the people at large who are all more 
or less interested in entomology as far as it touches their own comfort or 
interests. Prof. Smith is an entomologist who has a wonderful knowledge 
of practical work in this line, and under his able management the depart- 
ment can't help but flourish. We hope to see an abundance of material 
for the new section of the journal, which should be practical and popular, 
and not too technical. 



A NUMBER of the members of the Feldman Social, including Prof. John 
B. Smith, will be the guests of Mr. Theo. E. Schmitz, at Arlington Beach, 
Cape May County, N. J., on Saturday September 2ist. To collecting will 
be added the many enjoyments of the sea-shore. 










11 

PaffiuPlw/'Wl 
' i"' lll^'llili 







* ; 







-| l ~* 

rf^p':"'L 

] ! I ,< 

r :,4 ^A^ : v 



; ./ 



\ ' '{ vf ' ' ;V'' ; '- 




1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 255 

DEPARTMENT OF EGONOMIG ENTOMOLOGY, 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B. SMITH, Sc.D., New Brunswick, N. J. 

Papers for this department are solicited. They should be sent to the editor. Prof. John 
B. Smith, Sc.D., New Brunswick, N. J. 



The work of Scofytus ^-spinosus in hickory (from "Garden and Forest"). 
Some remarks on the species illustrated by the cut will appear in the next 
number; see illustration. 

Meeting of the Association of Economic Entomologists. The seventh an- 
nual meeting of this body was held at Springfield, Mass., August 27111. 
and 28th, President, J. B. Smith in the chair, and proved to be a very en- 
joyable affair to those in attendance. In point of numbers the gathering- 
left something to be desired, a large number of Western and Northern 
representatives being prevented from attending by the distance, while the 
East was, as usual, poorly represented. The program, however, was of 
a decidedly interesting nature, productive of much discussion, and al- 
though long sessions were held each day, it was impossible to read all the 
papers. Some of those presented by members not in attendance were, 
therefore, read by title only. 

The President's address consisted largely of general considerations and 
suggestions, calling attention to a number of features that needed con- 
sideration by the economic entomologist. Special attention was called to 
the fact that in many cases insecticides did not act in the same manner in 
all parts of the country, or that insects in some regions proved much more 
resistant than in others, and it was suggested that adverse criticism be 
withheld until we had a thorough knowledge of all the facts of the case. 
The subject of keeping up with the economic publications of the day was 
another of the topics, and it was suggested that all the members of the 
Association send to every other member a copy of all official publications 
at least, and that they send to some central point, say ENTOMOLOGICAL 
Xi-:\vs, at intervals of from one to three months, a list of all newspaper 
and magazine publications which are not likely to come into the hands 
of the busy worker. In this way it will be easy to keep up with what has 
been done by others, without the necessity of looking over carefully all 
the agricultural papers and the entomological department of local jour- 
nals. The question of legislation against insect pests was touched upon, 
and the desirability of some central authority competent to deal with im- 
ported insects when they are first introduced was strongly urged. The 
subject of introductions of foreign insects was briefly touched upon, and 
especial reference was made to the Gypsy Moth, the Pear Midg</. and the 
Sinuate Pear Borer all of them eastern pests. The desirability of co- 
operation among entomologists was further referred too, and attention was 
called to the report of the Committee which was made in 1894, and left 
to be acted upon by the meeting of 1895. 



256 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

In the business session the report of this Committee on co operation 
was brought up for consideration, but owing to the length of the program 
was laid over for the last session, and was finally left without action. 

Mr. C. L. Marlatt read "Some Notes on Insecticides," among which 
tests of the combined kerosene and water mixture were most interesting- 
and instructive. It was found that the machinery devised for this purpose 
still left much to be desired, and that it was not possible to rely with cer- 
tainty upon a uniform proportion of the kerosene and water. The effec- 
tiveness of the mixture, however, was commended. On the same subject 
was a paper by Mr. H. E. Weed, entitled "Experiments with the Knap- 
sack Kerosene Attachment." In this he detailed the results of a spray 
of the mixed kerosene and water as compared with the emulsion, and it 
is found that the emulsion is, on the whole, a little more active; but that 
the water mixture is just as effective when a somewhat larger percentage 
of kerosene is used, and is a little injurious to foliage. The paper does 
not deal with the mechanical difficulties, but rather with the effectiveness 
of the kerosene and water not first emulsified. Yet, upon the same sub- 
ject was a paper by Mr. Clarence M. Weed, which dealt with the mechan- 
ical difficulties, and suggested as a solution a narrow kerosene receptacle 
of the same heighth as the main tank, and containing just exactly the 
necessary proportion of kerosene to the water. This kept water and 
kerosene on the same level constantly, and in his experience the propor- 
tion in the spray was then also constant. 

A paper by Mr. Aldrich, entitled "Spraying without a Pump," was 
then read and illustrated by means of blackboard sketches. The device 
is adapted only where water pressure is available, and indicates a method 
of attaching a receptacle with poison in such a way that the stream of 
water will carry a definite proportion with it during the process of spray- 
ing. In the discussion which ensued upon this, a number of devices of 
the same general character were described, and there was a somewhat 
general discussion as to the possibility of getting a receptacle from which 
the distribution of poison would be uniform. 

Continuing the same subject of insecticides, Mr. J. B. Smith read a 
paper on "The uses of Insect Lime," in which he described a series of 
experiments made with an imported preparation known as " Raupe nleim," 
and an American substitute which he had secured, and which is called 
" Dendrolene." He finds that it is practical to use these materials in the 
orchard for certain purposes, and that protection against many different 
kinds of borers can be obtained by an intelligent use of one or the other 
of these materials. Both are said to be petroleum products in the nature 
of an exceedingly impure vaseline. In the course of the discussion Mr. 
Davis reported good success with this material against the Canker worm 
in Michigan, while Prof. Fernald mentioned a somewhat less favorable 
result against the same insect in Massachusetts, due in this case to the 
tact that the cold of early morning chilled the preparation, so as to make 
it possible to be traversed by the insects. He also described the uses 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 257 

that had been made by the Gypsy Moth Committee of this substance, 
and while its effectiveness was admitted it was pointed out that where the 
insects were exceedingly numerous they would finally form a bridge of 
dead bodies over which others safely crossed. Mr. Forbush, in speaking 
of the toughness of these insects, stated that he had seen caterpillars work 
their way through a ring of the insect lime and continue their journey 
above it apparently none the worse. 

Mr. E. B. Southwick spoke of "A City Entomologist and Insecticides," 
in which he called attention to the trials and tribulations of a man in public 
position where there is a constant demand by enthusiasts and inventors 
for the trial of " unfailing" remedies. 

In the course of this discussion it was plainly shown that in the matter 
of using insecticides it was not always safe to rely upon results obtained 
by others, though often those results could not be questioned. That it 
was yet more unsafe to conclude from our experiments on one species 
what the action of the same material would be upon another species. In 
other words we are practically compelled to experiment with every spe- 
cies that becomes troublesome, and the results in one State are not neces- 
sarily the same as those obtainable in another State under apparently 
similar conditions. 

The second day's session began with a paper by Mr. L. O. Howard on 
" Some Shade-tree Insects of Springfield and other New England towns." 
Of these insects the Elm Leaf Beetle received the greatest consideration, 
a careful statement of the spread of this insect in the Eastern States being 
given and also a record of what had been done in the direction of check- 
ing or exterminating the pest. The most practical methods of dealing 
with the insects were referred too, and recommendations for handling the 
insects in large cities or on large trees were made. The essay was of 
popular interest, and was published almost in full in the local papers. 
Another species that was referred to as having become especially abun- 
dant during the present season was Pseudococcus aceris, which was doing 
considerable injury to maples in some cities, including Springfield. 

Mr. Marlatt followed with a paper on "The Elm Leaf Beetle in Wash- 
ington," in which he described the measures taken during the present 
season on the grounds of the Department of Agriculture measures 
which were perfectly successful in protecting the trees. A point upon 
which stress was laid was the necessity of a very early spraying in order 
to prevent injury by the beetles, and furthermore it was noted that in 
spite of the number of broods in Washington the essential effort must be 
made against the first, and if protection is secured against that the bal- 
ance of the season is less likely to prove troublesome. To a certain ex- 
tent the conclusions reached in the New Jersey Report for 1894 were 
confirmed, and it seems to be largely a matter of an abundance of fresh 
food as to whether the beetles will or will not lay eggs for subsequent 
larva-. 

Dr. Lintner followed with another paper upon " The Elm Leaf Beetle 



8* 



258 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

in Albany." He has discovered them during the present year in very 
great numbers in the center of the city, and has ascertained that they have 
been in the more southern parts for at least three years. Dr. Lintner 
very strongly urges the destruction of the pupae at and near the base of 
the tree, and claims that in Albany it is the second brood that does the 
greatest injury. A very interesting discussion on this subject followed, in 
which Messrs. Riley, Fernald, Southwick, Smith and others took part. 
The general conclusion was, that it was simply a matter of mechanical 
work, and that there was no other difficulty in the way of successfully 
dealing with these insects. Mr. Smith confimed Mr. Marlatt's suggestions 
that the early sprayings were the most important, and that if the leaves 
could be protected from injury to such an extent that they would not be 
shed and that the tree would not be induced to throw out a second foliage, 
they would become so hard and so little to the taste of the insects, that 
the beetles would go into hibernation rather than lay eggs for a second 
brood; and if they did oviposit and larvae hatched, a large proportion of 
them would die, or would grow so slowly, that the injury would be im- 
perceptible. 

A great deal of public interest was manifested in this meeting, and the 
attendance outside of regular members was large. Prof. Fernald pre- 
sented a statement concerning "The Gypsy Moth," which included a 
brief history of the introduction of the insect, its spread, the organization 
for its proposed destruction, and an account of the work accomplished. 
A very remarkable fact which developed in the course of the experiments 
was that the caterpillars of this insect were able to devour an enormous 
quantity of arsenic without apparent injury, so that spraying, except for 
the destruction of the very young larvae, was practically out of the ques- 
tion. The result was that more attention had been paid to the mechanical 
destruction of the insects, and very largely to their destruction in the egg 
stage. The future of the way was discussed and the propriety of con- 
gressional aid was referred to. Messrs. Forbush and Kirkland, in charge 
of the practical work of the Committee, followed, with some statements 
as to the character of the work that had been done, and as to experiments 
made in the direction of securing insecticides which would act upon these 
caterpillars without injuring the foliage; thus far nothing that could be 
satisfactorily recommended had been found. The arsenate of lead, useful 
though it is against other insects, is practically useless against the Gypsy 
Moth caterpillar, except in excessively large quantities. Dr. Riley made 
a brief statement concerning the part taken by him in the early history of 
the work, the recommendations made when he was first consulted, and 
the criticisms which he found it desirable to make upon the way the work 
was carried on at times. He very strongly commended, however, the 
character of the work that was now being done, and suggested that it was 
in line, to a large degree, with the recommendations originally made by him. 

Mr. E. B. Southwick read a paper upon "Economic Entomological 
work in the Parks of New York City," in which he described the appa- 
ratus of his department and the manner in which the work was done, and 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 259 

some of the measures which he had found most satisfactory in treating 
those insects that were most troublesome in the parks. He finds that 
there is very little difficulty in controlling the insects, provided a sufficient 
force and a sufficient quantity of apparatus is placed at the disposal of the 
entomologist. 

Dr. Lintner read a paper upon " Lina scripta," and described the injury 
done by the beetles and its larvae on basket willow in Onondaga County, 
N. Y. The most practical methods of preventing injury thus far have 
been mechanical, and consisted in a sort of modification of the hooper 
dozer, adopted for the particular purpose, but a considerable amount of 
injury seems to be done each year, for which no remedy is yet at hand. 

Mr. G. C. Davis read a paper on the " Insects of the Season in Michi- 
gan," in which he called attention to a considerable number of species 
that had been unusually troublesome, and among others the climbing cut 
worms, which have been especially hard to deal with in certain orchards. 
The application of the poisoned bran mixture at the base of the trees had 
been on the whole the most successful, and he had found, by direct ex- 
periment, that the addition of sugar to the bran and Paris green did not 
increase its attractiveness. He also described the injuries done by species 
of 3Ionarthruin on peach trees, and described the curious appearance of 
the roots of the infested trees. On this point there was some discussion 
as to whether the attacks by the beetles were really the primary causes 
of the injury, and it was questioned whether the attacks in the trunk 
would produce the abnormal appearance in the roots. Mr. Smith sug- 
gested very pointedly that the injury to the roots might easily have been 
primary and the attacks of the Scolytid the secondary consequence. A 
paper on " The study of Forest Tree Insects" was presented by Mr. Hop- 
kins, and read in his absence. It is the same paper that was presented 
before the Association of Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations, 
to which reference has been made in a previous number of this journal, 
and was interesting from the estimate of the money value of the injury 
done each year by insects a question upon which some difference of 
opinion was expressed. 

A paper from Mr. F. H. Chittenden, on the "Herbivorous habits of 
certain Dermestidae" contained an interesting record of observed food 
habits of many of our species, showing that the generally accepted state- 
ments concerning their food must be considerably qualified. In the dis- 
cussion a number of confirmatory facts were brought out and a readiness 
to accept Mr. Chittenden's conclusions was manifested, largely based 
upon the personal experience of members. Incidentally, the methods to 
be adopted in the case of the imported carpet beetle, Anthrenns scroph- 
ularuc were discussed, and Dr. Lintner protested vigorously against am- 
use of the term " Buffalo moth" even in a popular reference to this insect. 

Mr. Webster presented a paper on "Some Interesting Facts Regarding 
the Genus Diabrotica, " in which he traced, rather carefully, the distribu- 
tion of the various species in the United States, their relationship to each 



s6o ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

other, their probable original home and the points at which the species 
seems to have diverged. A second paper presented by him was read on 
"The Importation and Repression of Destructive Insects," and in this 
he criticised rather severely the lax methods adopted in dealing with in- 
sects introduced into this country and the dangers resulting from them. 
He made a number of important practical suggestions as to methods of 
dealing with such pests, and there was some discussion of this paper 
which would have been much more full, but for the unfortunate flight of 
time, the remainder of the session being taken up by another paper by 
Mr. Webster on " Insects of the Year in Ohio." 
The election of officers followed, and resulted as follows : 

President, Prof. C. H. FERNALD, Amherst, Mass. 
\st Vice-President, Prof. HERBERT OSBORN, Ames, Iowa. 
2d Prof. F. M. WEBSTER, Wooster, Ohio. 

Secretary, Mr. C. L. MARLATT, Washington, D. C. 

It was resolved that the next meeting be held, as usual, with that of 
the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which will be 
held at Buffalo, N. Y , beginning on August 24th. It was also resolved 
that the Secretary of Agriculture be requested to print the Proceedings 
of this meeting as a special Bulletin of the Entomological Division of the 
Department. 

Those entomologists who desire to obtain this Bulletin should send 
their names and a request for the Bulletin, when issued, to Mr. L. O. 
Howard, Entomologist, U. S. Dep't oj Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

The meeting of the Entomological Division of the Association of Ag- 
ricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations at Denver, during July, 1895, 
was not very numerously attended, Prof. Perkins, of Vermont, Prof. At- 
kinson, of New York, and Prof. Smith, of New Jersey, being the only 
eastern members present. Messrs. Bruner, Cockerell, Gillette, Hillman 
and Tourney represented the far west, leaving the central States without 
delegates. The meetings were somewhat informal, yet of considerable 
interest, and a number of papers from members not in attendance were 
read. The decidedly interesting fact was developed during the discus- 
sions that it is unsafe for western entomologists to repeat the recommen- 
dations made by their eastern colleagues without having first tested them. 
Climate, or some other factor, seems to exercise an influence so potent in 
some cases as to make a remedy, which is quite effective on the Atlantic, 
almost useless on the Pacific. Thus, Mr. Slingerland, in a careful study 
of the Pear-blister mite, found kerosene in quite a diluted emulsion a 
satisfactory remedy applied at a proper time. Mr. Aldrich, in Idaho, 
found it entirely useless, applied as recommended, and indeed found it 
difficult to kill the insects at all with the emulsion. In the interchange of 
experiences it seemed to be quite certain that kerosene in the far West is 
not nearly as useful as in the East. Of course, this opens up again the 
question of the effectiveness of certain poisonous substances and makes 
it necessary to duplicate experiments for different sections in future. 



I $95-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 261 

Notes and. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 
OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL XKWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in earh case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put " copy'' into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five " extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



Mrs. A. T. SLOSSON will probably have lots to tell us about the season's 
\vork at the Northern Hills, Franconia, N. H. 

Mrs. F. O. HERRING divided the Summer between Gloucester, Mass., 
and the woods of Maine. No doubt many fine things will grace her 
cabinet as a result. 

FIVE species of Grapta are found at King and Bartlett Lake in Somer- 
set County, Maine. They are J-albu)n, faumts, progne, gracilis and 
comma. H. S. 

Mr. WM. J. Fox, of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 
spent two weeks collecting at Burning Springs, Wirt County, West Vir- 
ginia, during July. 

THE Neumoegen collection of Lepidoptera is to be placed on exhibition 
in the Brooklyn Institute. The collection is for sale. We believe it is to 
be on view October ist. 

THE interesting trip to the West made by Mr. W. H. Edwards and Mr. 
David Bruce was productive of most interesting scientific results, and 
they are to be congratulated. 

Mr. PHILIP LAURENT, of Philadelphia, spent two weeks in collecting at 
King and Barlett Lake, Somerset County, Maine. Mrs. William Wagner, 
an enthusiastic lady entomologist from New York, was also enjoying life 
at the same camp in the woods. 

Mr. G. I). H.\\ ILAND, who is engaged in working at Termites, is desi- 
rous of examining specimens of Tennopsis, and will be very much obliged 
to any one who will send him specimens of that genus, especially of the 
winged forms. Spirit specimens preferred. Address: G. D. Haviland, 
University Museum of /oology, Cambridge, England. 

THE COCCID GENUS BERGROTHIA Kraatx. I have just learned from 
Mr. Bergroth that the name of this genus is pre-occupied in Coleoptera 



262 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

by Reitter. It has all along been questionable whether the genus was a 
valid one; and for the present I do not care to propose a substitute, but 
will refer the species hitherto placed under it to Dactylopius. T. D. A. 

COCKERELL. 

FOLLOWING A MISTAKE. In Dr. Uhler's list of Heteroptera by some 
mistake, I suppose, the family Berytidae is placed before the section Rho" 
palina, of the family Coreidae. Various lists of Heteroptera lately pub- 
lished follow blindly this mistake. It reflects but little credit on American 
entomology that authors should betray ignorance both of the literature 
of the subject and of the insects themselves. For the use of the word 
"Rhopalina," a knowledge of the insects, or a glance at some of Dr. 
Uhler's later papers ought to arouse a suspicion that there was something- 
wrong in placing Harmostes in the Berytidae. 

THE " FOURTH" AT JAMESBURG, N. J. For the fourth time the ento- 
mologists of Philadelphia, Newark, Brooklyn and New York united in 
fraternal intercourse at Jamesburg, N. J., on Independence Day. On 
arriving in Jamesburg the party was driven to the grounds "a la buck- 
board" and soon a "still hunt" after specimens of the various orders was 
in operation. But alas ! whether due to the fact that umbrellas were in a 
minority, or to the detonation of a huge bomb, set off by Schmitz and 
imported by him from China at a large expense, and which Dr. Skinner 
assured the crowd was a fake, and would make no more noise than the 
ordinary shooter sold at five cents per hundred, rain set in shortly after 
the arrival. Fortunately, for a large number of the party, coleopterists 
with their always-present umbrellas were out in force, and fortunately for 
the beetles these were soon used for other purposes than that for which 
they were chiefly brought, Coleopterists show. much foresight in choosing 
extra large umbrellas. 

Thanks to Mr. Conerty, the man who kindly looks after our wants on 
the occasion, and the rest of the time raises cranberries by the bogful, 
the party was housed in the large sorting room attached to his barn and 
but a short time was required to forget the rain and to dispel any vindictive 
wratfr that may have been harbored against the deceptive weather prophet 
who, on the day preceding, had suavely prophesied that "the day we 
celebrate will be an ideal day." 

Matters were enlivened by a banjo, skillfully played by Mr. Weidt, and 
then followed several hours of song and general merriment in which all 
participated uninterruptedly, save when a luckless moth, disturbed by the 
merrymakers, attempted to escape by flying against the windows, which 
of course sent several Lepidopterists chasing after it, or when a visit was 
made to the " Quelle" for refreshment. 

Historian J. B. Smith read a review of the previous meetings, which 
was replete with witticisms and indicated his ability to deal with historical 
subjects as skillfully as with the characters of Noctuidae and Lachnosterna. 
Later, a discussion on sugaring took the excursionist's attention, and was. 
participated in by essrs. Ottolengui, J. Johnson and others. 



1985.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 263 

Messrs. Herpers, Laurent and H. Wenzel, made addresses. Mr. \Ven- 
zel's talk was brief, hut to the point. 

It was unanimously decided, after discussion, to hold the next outing in 
the Orange Mountains, in the northern part of New Jersey, and, out of 
justice to the Philadelphia collectors, to hold it in the vicinity of that city 
in 1897. 

The party included the following persons: Philadelphia Hoyer, Boer- 
ner, Seiss, H. Griffith, S. Griffith, Liebeck, Trescher, Schmitz, C. John- 
son, J. Johnson, W. Johnson, Castle, Rodd, Laurent, Fox, H. Wenzel, 
H. Wenzel, Jr., E. Wenzel, Nell, Skinner, Reinicke. Newark Stortz, 
Bischoff, Herpers, Weidt, Brehm, Seib. Brooklyn Smith, Roberts, 
Meeske, Sherman, Reinoldt. New York Ottolengui. Reading Mengel. 
Wilmington Jones. F. 

UNCLE JOTHAM'S BOARDER. 
ANNIE TRUMBULL SLOSSON. 

I've kep' summer boarders for years and allowed 

I knovved all the sorts that there be; 
But there come an old feller this season along, 

That turned out a beater for me. 
Whatever that feller was arter, I vow 

I hain't got the slightest idee. 

He had an old bait net of thin, rotten stuff 
That a minner could bite his way through; 

But he never went fishin', at least in the way 
That fishermen gen'ally do; 

But he carried that bait net wherever he went, 
The handle was j'inted in two. 

And the bottles and boxes that chap fetched along ! 

Why, a doctor would never want more; 
If they held pills and physic he'd got full enough 

To fit out a medicine store. 
And he'd got heaps of pins, drefrle lengthy and slim, 

Allers droppin' about on the floor. 

Well, true as I live, that old feller jest spent 

His hull days in loafin' about 
And pickin' up hoppers and roaches and flies, 

Not to use for his bait to ketch trout, 
But to kill and stick pins in and squint at and all; 

He was crazy 's a coot, th'ain't no doubt. 

He'd see a poor miller a flyin' along 

The commonest, every-day kind 
And he'd waddle on arter it, fat as he was, 

And foller up softly ahind. 
Till he'd flop that air bait net right over its head, 

And I'd laugh till nigh out of my mind. 



264 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

Why, he'd lay on the ground for an hour at a stretch 

And scratch in the dirt like a hen; 
He'd scrape all the bark off the bushes and trees, 

And turn the stones over, and then 
He'd peek under logs, or he'd pry into holes; 

I'm glad ther' ain't no more sech men ! 

My wife see a box in his bed-room, one day, 

Jest swarmin' with live caterpillars, 
He fed 'em on leaves off of all kind of trees, 

The ellums and birches and willers; 
And he'd got piles of boxes chock full to the top 

With crickets and bees and moth millers. 

I asked him, one time, what his business might be, 

Of course I fust made some apology- 
He tried to explain, but sech awful big words ! 

Sort o' forren, outlandish and collegey, 
'S near 's I can tell, 'stead of enterin' a trade, 

He was tryin' to jest enter nwlogy. 

And Hannah, my wife, says she's heerd o' sech things; 

She guesses his brain warn't so meller; 
There's a thing they call Nat'ral Histerry, she says, 

And, whatever the folks there may tell her, 
Till it's settled she's wrong she'll jest hold that air man 

Was a Nat'ral Histerrical feller. 

THE MARX COLLECTION OF ARACHNIDA. The eminent arachnologist, 
Dr. George Marx, of Washington, D. C., died Jan. 3, 1895. His impor- 
tant collection of Arachmda has been placed by his widow in charge of 
the undersigned committee of the Entomological Society of Washington, 
to be disposed of by sale. The collection is one of the most important 
in existence. It contains more than one thousand species of Aranaeina 
alone. Of this one thousand species, about five hundred are described 
species from North America. These are described among 175 genera. 
The families Theridiidoe, Epeiridae and Theraphosidae are particularly 
well represented, and have been identified largely by some well-known 
authority. The Theridiida? were in the hands of the late Count Kevser- 
ling, and about thirty of his species have their types in this collection. 
The Theraphosidae have been recently in the hands of Simon, of Paris, 
while Dr. McCook has examined the Epeiridce. In addition to these 500 
described American species there are about 200 species of European 
spiders properly identified and labeled, and nearly 300 American species 
which bear Dr. Marx's manuscript names. There is further a great mass 
of material which has never been worked up. 

The species are, many of them, represented by many specimens. The 
collection is contained in vials in Muller's fluid, and the vials are arranged 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 265 

in the standard trays of Dr. Marx's own invention as figured and described 
in Riley's " Directions for Collecting and Preserving Insects" (Smithso- 
nian Institution, Part F, Bulletin 39, U. S. National Museum). The col- 
lection is of special interest, aside from the number of species, on account 
of the excellent representation of the boreal fauna. There are many 
specimens from Alaska on the west and Labrador on the east. In addi- 
tion, all parts of America, north of Mexico, are represented. Besides 
the Aranaeina there are many specimens of Scorpionida, Solpugida and 
Pseudoscorpionida and Pedipalpi. 

After due consideration of the fact that the funds of most public institu- 
tions are deficient, and that it is never possible to secure for a collection 
of this kind an amount which is at all commensurate with the labor ex- 
pended upon it, we have decided to offer, for the present, this collection 
for sale for the sum of fifteen hundred dollars ($1500). 

Correspondence relative to the collection or its possible purchase may 
be addressed to any member of the committee: 

C. V. RILEV (deceased), U. S. National Museum. 

L. O. HOWARD, U. S. Department of Agriculture. 

E. A. SCHWARZ, U. S. Department of Agriculture. 

THEODORE GILL, Smithsonian Institution. 

P. S. With the collection will be delivered to the purchaser Dr. Marx's 
large and valuable library on Arachnida, comprising all the important 
works on the group, well bound, together with several hundred pamphlets. 



Identification of Insects v lmagos) for Subscribers. 



Specimens will be named under the following conditions : 1st, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. Ill, 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Entomological Literature. 



1. NATURGESCHICHTE DER INSEKTEN DEUTSCHLANDS, Erichson. Ber- 
lin, Erste Abtheilung, Band v. Coleoptera, G. Seidlitz. 

2. EN TD.MOLOGISKE MEDDELELSER, KJOBENHAVN, v, i, -z.Rhenma- 
tobates bergrothi n. sp., F. Meinert. 

3. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PFLANZENKRANKHEITEN. Stuttgart, v, 3. On 
insect enemies of Finns si/z'es/n's and P. ansfrincn, K. Saj<>. 



266 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October. 

4. NOVITATES ZOOLOGIC^:. London, vol. ii, 2. Descriptions of new 
species of butterflies, G. Smith. New species and genera of Geome- 
tridae in the Tring Museum, W. Warren. New species of Rhopalocera 
from the Solomon Islands, W. Rothschild. 

5. OPUSCULA ENTOMOLOGICA, C. G. Thomson, Lund, fasc. xix. Bi- 
drag till kannedom om Tryphonider. Fasc. xx. Bidrag till Braconidernas 
kannedom. 

6. BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA, Zoology, pt. 122. Arachnida- 
Araneidea, O. P. Cambridge. Coleoptera, parts by G. C. Champion and 
D. Sharp. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera, F. D. Godman and O. Salvin. 
Lepidoptera-Heterocera, H. Druce. Rhynchota-Homoptera, W. \V. 

Fowler. pt. 123. Coleoptera (iii, pt. i, pp. 361-376, pis. 15, 16), G. C. 

Champion. Coleoptera (iv, pt. 6, pp. 33-48, pi. 2), D. Sharp. Hymen- 
optera (ii, pp. 361-368), P. Cameron. Lepidoptera Heterocera (ii, pp. 
209-232, pi. 60), H. Druce. Rhyncota Homoptera (ii, pp. Si-SS, pi. 6), 
W. W. Fowler. 

7. PROCEEDINGS OF THE IOWA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, 1894, vol. ii. 
Insects, H. F. Wickham. Plant Lice infesting grass-roots, H. Osborn 
and F. A. Sirrine. Some bred parasitic Hymenoptera in the Iowa Agri- 
cultural College collection, A. M. Beach. Psyllidae found at Ames, C. 
W. Mally. 

8. VERHANDLUNGEN DER K. K. ZOOL.-BOT. GESELLSCHAFT IN WIEN, 
xlv, Heft 6. Remarks on varieties of some butterflies natives of Buko- 
wina, C. v. Hormuzaki. 

9. JOURNAL TRINIDAD FIELD NATURALITS' CLUB, vol. ii, No. 7. Notes 
on Trinidad butterflies, Lechmere Guppy, Jr. 

10. PSYCHE, August, 1895. Notes on the Winter insect fauna of Yigo 
County, Indiana, W. S. Blatchley. Habits and parasites of Stigmas in- 
ordinatus Fox, A. Davidson. Prickly leaf-gall of Rhodites tumidus on 
Rosa fendleri, C. H. T. Townsend. The Bombylid genus Acreotriclnts 
in America, D. W. Coquillett. New North American Odonata, ii, A. P. 
Morse. Notes on moths, Caroline G. Soule. Proc. Cambridge Ent. 

Club Colias hecla, Lyccena xerces. September, 1895. Notes on the 

Winter insect fauna of Vigo County, Indiana, iii, W. S. Blatchley. Some 
habits of formica obscuripes Forel, with notes on some insects found 
associated with it, G. B. King. New North American bees, T. D. A. 
Cockerell. A Mutillicl which resembles thistle-down, ibid. New species 
of Coccidae, ibid. 

11. ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD AND JOURNAL OF VARIATION, vol. vi. 
No. 12. The Hadenoid genera with hairy eyes, A. R. Grote. 

12. PROCEEDINGS CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, ser. ii, vol. v. 
-Third Report on some Mexican Hymenoptera, principally from Lower 

California, W. J. Fox. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 267 

13. TRANSACTIONS AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. xxii, 
No. 2. Studies in Coccinellidae, George H. Horn, M.D. Notes on bees, 
with descriptions of new species, Charles Robertson. The Crabroninae 
of Boreal America, W. ]. Fox. 

14. THE ENTOMOLOGIST, vol. xxviii, No. 387. Notes on the synonymy 
of Noctuid moths, A. G. Butler. 

15. THE CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST, vol. xxvii, No. 8. Occupants of 
the galls of Eurosta solidaginis Fitch, \Y. H. Harrington. New North 
American Mycetophilidae, D. \V. Coquillett. On the subglobular species 
of Lecanintn, T. D. A. Cockerell. On the cabbage-shaped gall of Ce- 
cidomyia, Salicis brassicoides and its occupants, C. H. T. Townsend. 
Descriptions of the larvae of certain Tenthredinicias, H. G. Dyar. The 
Coleoptera of Canada, H. F. Wickham. List of Coleoptera collected at 
Massett, Queen Charlotte Islands, B. C. Preliminary studies in Siphnn- 
optera, Carl F. Baker. The generic types included in Apatila, A. R. 
Grote. Notes on butterflies, F. H. Sprague. Melsheimer's sack-bearer, 

}. A. Moffat. xxvii, No. 9. Notes on collecting butterflies in western 

Colorado, with a particular account of certain Papilios, \V. H. Edwards. 
Notes of some southern Lepidoptera, H. G. Dyar. The Coleoptera of 
Canada, xiii, H. F. Wickham. Miscellaneous notes on Coccidse, T. D. 
A. Cockerell. The Boreal American species of Pamphila, H. Skinner. 
Notes upon the North American Saturnina, with list of the species. 

16. AMERICAN NATURALIST, vol. xxix, No. 344. Contributions to Coc- 
cidology, i, T. D. A. Cockerell. A new Tettix, ]. L. Hancock. On the 
early stages of some Carabidse and Chrysomelidae, H. F. Wickham. 
Cecidomyia atriplesis, T. D. A. Cockerell. Mexican jumping beans, F. 
L. Harvey. 

17. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, August, 1895. Variety, form, race 
and aberration, W. Mansbridge. A revised classification of the genus 
Ateuchus (Weber), ]. W. Shipp. Notes on the synonymy of Noctuid 

moths (cont. ), A. G. Butler. September, 1895. Varietal terminology, 

W. F. deV. Kane. The senses of insects, ]. Arkle. On the origin of the 
European Rhopalocera, and the effects produced by the glacial period 
upon their present distribution and diversity, W. H. Bath. 

18. TRANSACTIONS OF THE CONNECTICUT ACADEMY OF ARTS AND 
SCIENCES, vol. ix, pt. 2. Canadian spiders, ]. H. Emerton. 

19. ANNALS AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY, No. 92. Notes on 
some genera and species of Coccidae, W. M. Maskell. Description of 
two new spiders obtained by Messrs. ]. ]. Quelch and F. McConnell on 
the summit of Mount Roraima, in Demerara, with a note upon the sys- 
tematic position of the genus Desus, R. I. Pocock. Further notes on 
Cutiterebra : on the identity of certain species described by the late 
Bracy Clarke, E. E. Austen. Descriptions of new Coleoptera in the 



268 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

British Museum, C. C. Waterhouse. Description of new genera and 
species of Trap-door spiders belonging to the group Trionychi, R. I. 
Pocock. 

20. MEMOIRES DE L'ACADEMIE IMPERIALK DES SCIENCES DE ST. PE- 
TERSBURG, vii e serie, T. xlii, n. Industry of the Araneina, VV. Wagner. 

21. TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, xxii, 
[extract]. A review of the Stratiomyia and Odontomyia of N. America, 
C. W. Johnson. 

22. JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY, Zoology, No. 158. On the 
morphology of the Pedipalpi, M. Laurie. 

23. BULLETIN DE LA SOCIETE PHILOMATHIQUE DE PARIS, T. vii, No. 
i. Salivary glands of the Apinae (Apis mellifica $ and <^}, L. Bordas. 

24. LE NATURALISTS CANADIEN, xxii, No. 7. The last descriptions of 
the Abbe Provancher (cont. ). 

25. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES OF PHILA- 
DELPHIA, 1895, pp. 303-340 [extract]. Diptera of Florida, C. W. Johnson, 
with additional descriptions of new genera and species, D. \V. Coquillett. 

26. THE ELEMENTS OF INSECT ANATOMY, H. Comstock and V. L. 
Kellogg Comstock Publishing Co., Ithaca, N. Y., 1895. 

27. INSECT LIFE, vii, 5. Experiments with Winter washes against the 
San Jose scale, season of 1894-95, C. L. Marlatt. The Hippelates plague 
in Florida, E. A. Schwarz. The beet-leaf Pegomyia, L. O. Howard. 
Two Dipterous leaf-miners on garden vegetables, D. W. Coquillett. Some 
Coleopterous enemies of the grape-vine, F. H. Chittenden. The currant 
stem-girdler, C. L. Marlatt. Observations on certain Thripida?, Th. Per- 
gande. An imported library pest, E. A. Schwarz. Two Dipterous in- 
sects injurious to cultivated flowers, D. W. Coquillett. An injurious 
parasite, L. O. Howard. The horse-radish flea-beetle, F. H. Chittenden. 
A new wheat pest, D. W. Coquillett. Notes on Paris-green, C. L. Mar- 
latt. Some changes in nomenclature, F. H. C. A new furniture pest, 
E. A. S. The home of the chinch bug, E. A. S. How Hemiptera feed, 
C. L. Marlatt. 

28. ANNALES DES SCIENCES NATURELLES, ZOOLOGIE, T. xx, Nos. i, 2, 
3. Male genital apparatus of the Hymenoptera. L. Bordas. 

29. AMERICAN NATURALIST. Philadelphia, September, 1895. A new 
classification of the Lepicloptera (cont.), A. S. Packard. Chordeumidae 
or Craspedosomatidas ?, O. F. Cook. On the generic names Strigainia, 
Linotcsnia and Sco/ioplanes, O. F. Cook. Picobia villosa (Hancock), J. 
L. Hancock. 

30. NATURE. London, No. 1347. On the origin of European and 
North American ants, C. Emerv. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 269 

31. ZOOLOGISCHE JAHRBUCHER ( Abtheilung fiir Systematik, Geographic 
und Biologic), Jena, viii, Bd. H. 4. Contribution to the knowledge of 
the ground spiders (Aranese Citrigrade Thor.) of Russia, P. Schmidt, 
ibid. (Abtheilung fiir Anatomie und Ontogenie der Thiere). Contribu- 
tion to the knowledge of the finer contexture and the phylogeny of the 
covering of the wings ol the Lepidoptera, A. Spuler. 

32. TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA, 
xix, i. New, or little-known Orthoptera from Lake Callabora, J. G. O. 
Tepper. Descriptions of new genera and species of Australian Coleop- 
tera (xvii), T. Blackburn. 

33. ARIZONA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. Tucson, Bulletin 
No. 14. Notes on scale insects in Arizona, J. W. Tourney. New scale 
insects from Arizona, T. D. A. Cockerel!. 

34. PROCEEDINGS AND TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF 
CANADA, xii. The fossil cockroaches of North America, S. H. Scudder. 

35. JOURNAL OF THE TRINIDAD FIELD NATURALISTS' CLUB, ii, No. 8. 
A new scale insect from Grenada, T. D. A. Cockerell. A new mealy 
bug on sugar-cane, ibid. The effect produced by ticks upon their hosts, 

C. A. Barber. ii, No. 9. New Trinidad spiders of the family Attidae, 

G. W. and E. G. Peckham. Description of a new Lecanium from Trin- 
idad, T. D. A. Cockerell. Description of a new species of Telenomns, 
bred by Mr. E. W. Urich, from a Coccid, W. H. Ashmead. Notes on 
scale insects, i, F. W. Urich. 

36. TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE NEW ZEALAND INSTI- 
TUTE, xxvii. Synoptical list of the Coccidse reported from Australia and 
the Pacific islands up to December, 1894, W. H. Maskell. 

37. LEPIDOPTERA INDICA, F. Moore, London, pts. 21, 22. 

38. NOVITATES ZOOLOGIC^E. London, vol. ii, No. 3. A revision of 
the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere exclusive of Africa, W. Roths- 
child. 

39. TECHNICAL SERIES of the Division of Entomology, U. S. Depart- 
ment of Entomology, No. i. Revision of the Aphelinae of N. America, 
L. O. Howard. 

40. ANNALEN DES K. K. NATURHISTORISCHEN HOFMUSEUMS. Wien, 
x, i. Additions to the monograph of the natural genus Sphex Linne", F. 
F. Kohl. 

41. ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIQUE, xxxix, 
pt. 7. Notes and descriptions of new ants, C. Emery. 

42. ENTOMOLOGISCHE NACHRICHTEN, xxi, 17, 18. Some new west 
African Heteroptera of the two groups Pentatomidae and Coreidse, F. 
Karsch. 



2JO ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

[Through inadvertence the articles in Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington, iii, 4, 
" List of the Entomological Writings of Dr. Geo. Marx" and " Notes on 
Nomaretus," were credited to C. V. Riley in the last issue of the NEWS. 
The author is E. A. Schwarz.] 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper is published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 
Sajo 3, Mansbridge 17, Comstock and Kellogg 26, Kane 17, Arkle 17. 

MYRIAPODA. 
Pocock 19 (two), Cook 29 (two). 

ARACHNIDA. 

Cambridge 6, Emerton 18*, Wagner 20, Laurie 22, Hancock 29, Schmidt 
31, Barber 35, Peckham 35*. 

ORTHOPTERA. 
Hancock 16*, Spuler 32, Scudder 34. 

NEUROPTERA. 
Morse 10*. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Meinert 2*, Fowler 6*, Osborn and Sirrine 7, Mally 7, Blatchley 10, 
Cockerell 10*, 15*, 16*, 33*, 35 (three)*, Maskell 19, 36, Marlatt 27 (two), 
Pergande 27*, E. A. S. 27, Urich 35, Fowler 6*, Karsch 42. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Seidlitz i, Champion 6 (two)*, Sharp 6 (two)*, Wickham 7, 15, 16, Horn 
13*, Keen 15, Shipp 17, Waterhouse 19, Chittenden 27 (three), Schwarz 
27 (two), Blackburn 32. 

DIPTERA. 

Coquillett 10*, 15^,25*, 27 (three)*, Harrington 15, Townsend 15, Baker 
15, Cockerell 16, Austen 19, Johnson 21*, 25*, Schwarz 27, Howard 27. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Smith 4, Warren 4*, Rothschild 4, 38, Godman and Salvin 6, Druce 6 
(two)*, Hormuzaki 8, Guppy 9, Soule 10, Grote n, 15, Butler 14, Sprague 
15, Harvey 16, Packard 29, Spuler 31, Bath 17, Moore 37, Edwards 15. 
Dyar 15*, Skinner 15. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 27 1 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Thomson 5, Beach 7, Davidson 10*, Tovvnsend 10, Fox 12*, 13*, Rob- 
ertson 13*, Dyar 15, Bordas 23, 28, Provancher 24*, Marlatt 27, Howard 
2 7*. 39*, Emery 30, 41, King 10, Cockerell 10 (two)*, Ashmead 35*, Cam- 
eron 6*, Kohl 40*. 



Doings of Societies. 



JUNE n, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, No. 1509 South Thirteenth Street. 
Members present : Messrs. Bland, H. Wenzel, Dr. Castle, Hover, E. 
Wenzel, Haimbach, Trescher, Fox, Boerner, Schmitz and Laurent. 
Honorary members: Drs. Geo. H. Horn, Henry Skinner and J. B. Smith. 
Visitor : Mr. C. F. Seiss. Prof. Smith remarked that the larvae he had 
exhibited about a year ago, which was doing so much damage among the 
young oak trees in Ocean County, N. J., was, without doubt, Goes tesse- 
lata, as he had taken the perfect imago from its burrow, less than a week 
ago. The larvae make a burrow about six inches in length in the centre 
of young oak sprouts, ranging in age from ten to fifteen years and from 
one and a half to two inches in diameter. Mr. H. \V. Wenzel replied 
that he had found Goes tesselata on just such trees, the year before in 
Atlantic County, N. J., on July 3rd and loth. Mr. \Venzel also exhibited 
specimens of Cychrus viduus taken in the upper part of New Jersey. 
Mr. Laurent reported taking Corymbites hamatus May I7th, at Manayunk, 
Philadelphia, and Pomphopcea tznea May igth, at Mount Airy, Philadel- 
phia. Mr. Boerner exhibited the following specimens of Coleoptera : 
Helluomorpha nigripennis, taken at Atco N. J., on July 2nd; Ch/frniits 
niger, from the lower part of Philadelphia, at electric lights, on May 3151, 
and Centrodera picta, May igth, in Bucks County, Pa. 

No further business being presented, the members adjourned to the 
annex, where Prof. Smith had prepared for them an excellent collation, 
to which ample justice was done, followed by toasts and good wishes. 

THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 

SEPTEMBER 10, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, No. 1509 South Thirteenth Street. 
Members present: Drs. Castle and Griffith, Messrs. Boerner, H. W. 
Wenzel, Laurent, Fox, T reseller, Johnson, F. Wenzel, Hoyer and 
Schmitz. Honorary members: Prof. J. B. Smith and Dr. Henry Skinner. 
Visitor : Mr. James Stewart, Philadelphia. Meeting called to order at 
8.45 P.M., Vice-President Castle presiding. An interesting paper was read 



272 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

by Mr. Laurent, recounting the recent collecting trip made by Dr. Skinner 
and himself through the upper part of Maine. He exhibited their collec- 
tion, comprising Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera and Hymenoptera. 
Dr. Griffiith also read an interesting paper describing a trip made by Mr. 
Johnson and himself through North Carolina in last June; although devo- 
ting their time principally to the collection of fossils, they still managed to 
gather quite a variety of Coleoptera, Diptera and Lepidoptera, which 
were exhibited. Prof. Smith showed a photo-engraving of the work done 
by Scolytus 4-spinosus, the engraving was full size and was about the 
most perfect ever seen; he further stated that he had bred Oeme rigida 
from red cedar ; also a species of Scclytns which he failed to identify. 
Each member was presented with a copy of Prof. Smith's annual report. 
Mr. H. W. Wenzel mentioned that Lucaniis elaphus and Scarites sub- 
striatus had been found at Anglesea, N. J., during the Summer. Mr. Fox 
proposed Mr. C. Few Seiss for membership in the Social. Vice-President 
Castle presented a vote of thanks to Prof. Smith on behalf of the Social 
for the bounteous collation he had furnished at the close of the June 
meeting. 

No further business being presented, the meeting adjourned to the 
annex. 

THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 



OBITUARY. 

Dr. ADOLF GERSTAECKER, Professor of Zoology in the University of 
Greifswald, died on July 2Oth, last. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for September, was mailed August 28, 1895. 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. XII. 




REV. J. G MORRIS, D. D. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION, 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

VOL. vi. NOVEMBER, 1895. No. 9. 

CONTENTS: 



Rev. J. G. Morris, D. D 273 1 Economic Entomology 292 

Laurent On cocoons of Saturniidae. . 274 Notes and News 296 



Slosson Season on Mt. Washington. . 
Osburn Rhopalocera of Tennessee. . . 
Knaus A new collecting ground, etc. 
Ottolengui Tyes in Neumoegen coll. . 



276 Entomological Literature 298 

281 I Doings of Societies 301 



284 
287 



Editorial 291 



Entomological Section 302 

Ehrmann Desc. of female P. pelaus. . . 303 



Rev. J. G. MORRIS, D. D. 

Dr. Morris, the venerable Lutheran clergyman and \vell-kno\\n 
entomologist, died at his home at Lutherville (near Baltimore, 
Md.), on October the tenth, aged ninety-two years. 

John Goodlove Morris was a son of Dr. John Morris, a sur- 
geon in the Revolutionary War, whose commission was signed 
by Washington, and who died in his fifty-third year in 1805. 
Dr. Morris was born in York, Pa., Nov. 14, 1803. He was pre- 
pared for college at York County Academy, and at the age of 
seventeen years was admitted to the sophomore class at Nassau 
Hall, Princeton. Later he was transferred to Dickinson College, 
where he entered the senior class, and w r as graduated in 1822, 
taking the prize awarded the best declaimer. In October, 1826, 
having become a Lutheran minister, he was licensed to preach in 
Winchester, Va., and was soon called to the organization which 
afterward formed the First Lutheran Church, Baltimore. Here 
he remained thirty-three years. 

Dr. Morris had been a lecturer before the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion, was a member of the Royal Ante-Columbian Society of 
Northern Antiquaries, Copenhagen, of Die Naturhistorische 
Gesellschaft zu Nuremberg, Bavaria; of the Royal Historical So- 
ciety, London; for twenty years an active member of the Amer- 
ican Association for the Advancement of Science, and chairman 



274 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

of the entomological sub-section of the same. He was elected 
a member of the American Entomological Society in 1859, a 
correspondent of The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, 
in 1844, and was a member of the American Philosophical So- 
ciety, and read an important paper at the celebration of the one 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of that institution and was also 
a member of very many church organizations. Dr. Morris was 
a prolific writer on religious subjects as well as those of a scien- 
tific character. His principal contributions to the literature of 
entomology were very valuable; they were a " Catalogue of the 
Described Lepidoptera of North America," prepared for the 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 1860, and " Synopsis of 
the Described Lepidoptera of North America." Part I: Diurnal 
and Crepuscular Lepidoptera. Washington, 1862. The latter 
work contained descriptions of the then known Diurnse, Sphin- 
gidse and Bombycidae. He was a professor of Natural History 
in the Maryland University, and possessed a fine collection of 
Lepidoptera. Dr. Morris was a delightful old gentleman, and 
his interest in entomology never abated in the least. We had a 
very pleasant visit from him when he came here to attend the 
celebration at the rooms of the American Philosophical Society. 

o 

Notes on the Cocoons of Certain Species of Saturniidae. 

By PHILIP LAURENT. 

In the September number of the "Canadian Entomologist," 
vol. xxvii, pp. 263-271, will be found a very interesting article 
by A. Radcliffe Grote, A. M. The article, among other things, 
treats of the manner in which certain of our North American 
Saturniidae construct their cocoons. Two of our species, both 
of which are quite common in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, are 
here recorded as spinning their cocoons some distance above the 
ground, the one with a pedicel of silk to a small limb or branch, 
while the other as spinning its cocoon in the leaves, and falling 
to the ground when the leaves fall. 

Now, the fact is, as regards these two species {Callosamia an- 
gnlifera and Actias luna), at least as far as their habits in Penn- 
sylvania and New Jersey are concerned, and I doubt not but 
what it is the same wherever the species are found, that both 
angulifera and luna, as a rule, with few exceptions, descend the 



EXT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PL XIII. 




COCOONS. LAURENT. 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 275 

tree to the ground to construct their cocoons. The only food- 
plant of angulifera that I am acquainted with is the tulip poplar, 
and under this tree I have found hundreds of angulifera cocoons, 
the position of the cocoon in every case showing conclusively 
that the larvae had descended the tree and spun their cocoons 
where I found them. In the majority of cases more or less grass 
was fastened to the cocoon, and then again the cocoon would be 
found fastened against an old log or stone. In no case was there 
a pedicel of silk attached to the cocoon, in fact the cocoon of 
angulifera does not in any way resemble that of its near relative 
promethea but approaches more to that of Actias luna. 

From time to time I have seen it stated that the cocoon of an- 
gulifcra was suspended in the same manner as promethea. Some 
years ago, before I was as well acquainted with the life-histories 
of our large Saturniidae as I am to-day, I made a test-case: I 
gathered all the cocoons found suspended on the tulip poplar 
tree, several hundred in number, and when the imago emerged 
all proved to be promethea. Actias luna has the same habits as 
angulifera, and the only cocoon I ever found suspended above 
the ground, and attached to a leaf, is now in my collection, kept 
as a curiosity, and bears the following label: " This cocoon found 
attached to an oak leaf about four feet above the ground, col- 
lected at Germantown, Pa., Feb., 1891." I have tried time and 
again to find the cocoon of Actias luna suspended up among the 
leaves, but the foregoing is the only instance that has come under 
my observation. One of the best places to find luna cocoons, as 
every Philadelphia collector knows, is down around the base of 
the tree, particularly so if there is any grass or rubbish around 
the tree. I have found as many as five or six cocoons around 
the base of one tree when the conditions were as above stated. 

This habit of spinning the cocoon at the base of the tree is 
more strongly developed in luna than in angu/ifera, the latter 
generally being found some distance from the tree, anywhere 
(mm five to twenty feet or more. 

The specimens of cocoons figured are from the collection of 
Philip Laurent and Dr. Henry Skinner. 

EXPLANATION OF PLATE XIII. 
Figs, i, 2 and 3, Actias /Hint. 

4, 5 and 6, Cal/osainia an^iilifcni. 
" 7, 8, 9 and 10, Cal/osainia f>roinctlu\i. 



276 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

THE SEASON ON MT. WASHINGTON. 

By ANNIE TRUMBULL SLOSSON. 

I have made three trips to Mt. Washington this Summer. My 
first was in July. On the afternoon of the 4th I went from 
Franconia with a companion to Fabyan's, where we met our 
good friend, the sphagnostic, and with him a learned judge and 
botanist from Massachusetts. We took the 4.40 train up the 
mountain. This was the first visit for many years of the legal 
plant collector, and his excitemeut and enthusiasm were un- 
bounded. He flew from side to side of the car, looking eagerly 
out and uttering strange exclamations, such as " Geum!" " Le- 
dum!" " Potentilla tridentata!" and "Vaccinium vitis-idaea!" 
In the brief stops at tanks or wood-stations he sprang from the 
train to the intense amazement and amusement of the unscientific 
passengers; coming back at the last instant, breathless but happy, 
with hands and pockets full of weedy-looking treasure. 

It was a warm and pleasant day, but grew cold as we neared 
the summit. As the train stopped in front of the hotel I went 
at once to investigate the sun-warmed walls of the house. Alas! 
what a cruel sight met my gaze. Insect life! no, it was insect 
death. The house had been painted a few days before, during a 
spell of very warm, still weather, and on that surface of dazzling 
white, tempting and treacherous, thousands on thousands of in- 
sects had met their fate. The walls were peppered, or to use 
the expression of a frivolous and punning young friend stuccoed 
with Diptera, Hymenoptera, Coleoptera and other orders. The 
greater part of these victims were utter wrecks and unrecogniza- 
ble, and I was glad it was so; I did not want to know what I had 
lost. I rescued some beetles which were so strangely maculated 
with the white paint as to look like new and wonderful species. 
The painters and carpenters who had been working on the house 
in June told me that the weather had been very warm in that 
month and the insects numerous and annoying, swarming and 
buzzing about their heads and lighting on their faces and hands. 
There was little collecting that first evening. It was cold and we 
were glad to sit around the big stove in the hall and talk of what 
we should do next day. I searched the house, examined windows 
and walls, and took a few insects of no great interest. 

The next day opened well, with sunshine and warm, soft air, 



1 895-1 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 277 

and insects were fairly abundant. But the afternoon and evening 
were dark and wet, and the next day it rained ceaselessly. But 
in the bright hours of our first collecting day, botanists and en- 
tomologists had taken specimens enough to keep each one busy 
through most of the cloudy weather. We worked in our rooms, 
leaving doors open and exchanging ideas, comparing notes and 
boasting mutually of our respective captures. Many times during 
that day the botanists came to my table where I was pinning, 
stretching or mounting my insects, bringing small contributions 
found among their alpine plants. I seem still to see the judge as 
he ran in upon one occasion, his face beaming, his thumb and 
forefinger pressed tightly together and held out towards me. 
" Where shall I put him?" he cried, "beautiful specimen, smooth 
and shining." I quickly produced a cyanide bottle, and over 
its open mouth he unclosed his fingers; alas! there was nothing 
there; the very smoothness and shine of which its captor spoke 
so exultantly had helped it to freedom, and it had slipped away 
forever. But this loss was quite forgotten when, a few minutes 
later, the same botanist brought a fine specimen of Notiophilns 
sibiricus which had run across his drying papers out of some 
mosses. The sphagnostic contributed several good things, 
among them that tiny and rare little Coccinellid, Hyperaspis 
higubris, and two or three small Staphylinidae. In the material 
taken the day before I found some very good things. There 
were several specimens of a pretty little weevil, Anthonomus 
xanthocnemis Dietz, Mordella serval. Scymnus puncticollis and 
Corphyra cyanipennis, all new to my Mt. Washington list. There 
were also some interesting Ichneumonidae, and a few good Dip- 
tera. On the afternoon of the 6th two more botanists joined our 
ranks, both old acquaintances. How the old house rang that 
evening with the sound of strange, polysyllabic words, excited 
talk filled with mysterious phrases, cabalistic and incomprehen- 
sible to all but the favored few. 

The next day was alternately fair and foggy; an hour of sun- 
shine, then thick clouds, fog, and an occasional drizzle of rain. 
But we found many specimens both of plants and insects. In 
the intervals of sunshine flies, bees and small beetles gathered on 
the arcnaria, potentilla and earliest golden-rod, and the air seemed 
alive with tiny Diptera and Hymenoptera. The smaller para 
siticn were very abundant, Chalcids, Braconidae and Proctotru- 



278 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

pidae, among which Mr. Ashmead has found many interesting- 
species. A tiny Chalcid, with striped wings, was abundant every- 
where on flowers and leaves, windows and walls. One rainy day 
I counted forty of them on the upper sash of my bedroom win- 
dow. It was one of the Encyrtinae, Isodromus montanus, Ash- 
mead MSS. The genus, Mr. Ashmead tells me, is parasitic on 
Chrysopa larvae, generally issuing from their cocoons. And this 
reminds me that the green lace-winged fly of the summit which 
I had seen year after year and occasionally collected, was this 
Spring determined by Mr. Nathan Banks as Mcleotna signoretti 
Fitch. I had never examined the species closely, taking it for 
granted that it was Chrysopa oculata, or some other common 
species. But it has distinct structural differences when compared 
with Chrysopa, having the antennas more widely separated, and 
between them a sort of horn or tubercle. Mr. Banks called my 
attention to this in the one specimen I sent him last May, and 
this season I took several more of the same insect. I think there 
has been no record of its capture since its first description by 
Fitch. Neuroptera are few on the mountain; I took two or three 
species of Hemerobius, the little Leuctra tennis, which rolls its 
wings up tightly when at rest like a Crambus, and Platyphylax 
designata. Of Qdonata I saw only Diplax rubicundula this 
season. 

Monday, the 8th, was one of the best days of the Summer- 
warm, bright and still. Insect life swarmed everywhere, and my 
bottles, boxes, stretching-boards and hands were more than full. 
As usual, every one contributed to my store, and I am glad to 
acknowledge here my obligations, not only to my fellow-natu- 
ralists, but to all the kindly people connected with the hotel. 
These took a warm interest in my collection and brought me 
many good things. The engineer of the hotel, Mr. William 
Colby, is a very observant and successful collector, and to him I 
owe many of my rarest insects. It was he who brought me my 
first specimen of Ibalia maculipennis, that large and odd Cynipid, 
and he found for me also Adelocera brevicornis and Harpalus 
varicornis, both new to my list. 

During the rest of my stay on the mountain the weather was 
variable, sometimes fair, oftener foggy and wet. One evening 
another entomologist arrived, a Coleopterist, from Boston. With 
him was a young physician, not entomological himself, but an 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 2jg 

excellent collector for others, as I am glad to testify. And now 
there was a great upheaval of the old mountain and alpine beetles 
were in serious danger of extinction. The Coleopterist and his 
obliging friend left, literally, no stone unturned. The summit 
looked as if shaken by an earthquake, and the ground was full 
of holes and pits of irregular shapes, from which heavy stones 
had been dragged by the brawny arms of these athletic and eager 
collectors. I have nothing but praise for this pair. If, where 
Coleoptera were concerned, they seemed grasping and niggardly, 
I must own that with insects of other orders they were most 
generous and free-handed, and they shared with me nay, gave 
me all of the flies, bees, bugs and spiders found incidentally while 
searching for their precious beetles. One day, while sitting at 
my window busy over my treasures, I heard a call, and looking 
out saw the young doctor holding a large stone in his uplifted 
right hand as if in the act of hurling at my window glass. Look- 
ing more closely I detected something peculiar on the stone's 
surface, and ran out with a cyanide bottle. There, resting tor- 
pidly on the stone, was a perfect, fresh, lovely specimen of Arctia 
quenselii, the first I had ever seen alive. The same obliging 
youth added several specimens of the rare I\Ieleoma, of which I 
have spoken, to my collection; and the Coleopterist brought me 
some of my choicest Tenthredinidae and Diptera. 

Under stones the same Carabidae, Byrrhidae and Elateridae, so 
numerous in former seasons, were abundant now. Of Staphvl- 
inidae, the little Philonthns palliatus, was most plentiful, its bril- 
liant orange elytra shining brightly in the darkness as we turned 
over the stones. Cicindela vulgaris flew over the carriage-road, 
and was found, on cold days, torpid under sticks and stones. I 
took but one C. longilabris this year, and one C. purpurea, the 
latter new to my mountain list. In Diptera I captured sevc nil 
new species and many rare things. One of the most interesting, 
so says Mr. Coquillett, was a little- black Leptid, the Spania cdcta 
of Walker. In this order I added some ninety additional species 
to my list. In Hymenoptera, one of the most common species 
was Ctyptus extrematis a pretty red and black insect with apex 
of abdomen white. This I had hitherto taken only in southern 
Florida. Several of the Scolytidae were abundant, especially 
Polygraphus rufipennis, which gathered on the windows and 
walls and filled the air by hundreds. I took in this group, also, 



28o ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

To micus pini and Xyloterus bivittatus. In Hemiptera I found sev- 
eral rare and interesting species, among them a tiny Salda at the 
edges of pools, on the summit, which is perhaps new. 

In Lepidoptera I found less than usual, the weather not being- 
favorable. Plusia vaccinii and two species of Anarta were, as 
usual, flying over the rocks and about blossoms. The little 
Sciaphila mceschleriana was also abundant around golden-rod 
near the ' ' cow pasture' ' and in the alpine garden. Graptafaunus, 
G. gradlis and Limenitis artkemis were flying along the carriage- 
road up to the very summit. Argynnis montinus was not seen 
during my first visit, but in a later trip to the mountain in August 
I took several. It was in this later visit that I captured, on 
golden-rod in the alpine garden, a very remarkable and hand- 
some Hepialus. It resembles, in marking and coloration, the 
European H. ganna or some of its varieties, but is, I think, much 
larger than any of these. I am still absent from my own collection 
and have no access to others, and have consequently been unable 
to make the necessary examination and comparison. None of 
this group have been recorded from the White Mountains. 

Two years ago I found a singular Bombycid larva on the sum- 
mit and referred to it in one of my papers. This season I found 
two or three more of the same kind and sent one to Mr. Dyar. 
He thinks it the larva of Dasychira rossii, and will doubtless re- 
port the results of his examination. 

One of the most noticeable things in insect life on Mt. Wash- 
ington this season was the abundance and destructiveness of one 
of the oil-beetles, Epicauta cinerea. Last Summer I found one 
specimen on the summit; this year they were there in countless 
numbers devouring plants of all species. 

On the whole I am satisfied with the results of my season's 
collecting on the mountain. I spent twenty-three days in all on 
the summit, and but a very small proportion of these were really 
favorable as to weather. Yet I have added over three hundred 
species to my former lists, and among these are at least fifteen or 
twenty new to science. I shall soon print their names in another 
additional list. 



( )UT of eighteen papers presented at the section of Zoology of the 
American Association, at Springfield, eight were on entomological sub- 
jects. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 28 1 

RHOPALOCERA OF TENNESSEE.-II. 

By WILLIAM OSBURN. 

26. Thecla halcsus Cram. Rare ; August and September. 
One brood; probably hibernates in the pupa state. Food-plant, 
oak. 

27. T. m-album Bd.-Lec. Rare; June to September. Two 
broods; probably the pupa hibernates. Food-plant, oak. 

28. T. humuli Harr. Rare ; June to September. Two 
broods, possibly three ; probably the pupa hibernates. Food- 
plant, hop vine. 

29. T. smilacis Bd.-Lec. Rare; June and August. Two 
broods; probably the pupa hibernates. Food plant, smilax. 

30. T. pceas Hub. Common in dense woods: May to Sep- 
tember. Two broods. Food-plant unknown. 

31. Feniseca tarqninius Fabr Rare; June and August. Two 
broods ; probably hibernates in the pupa state. Carnivorous, 
feeding on Aphides found on alder, wild currant, etc. 

$2.. Lyc&na pseudargiolus Bd.-Lec. Rare; May to August. 
Two broods; the chrysalis probably hibernates. Food-plants: 
dogwood, rattleweed, etc. 

33. L. comyntas Gdt. Abundant; April to September. Three 
broods; the chrysalis hibernates. Food-plant, red clover. 

34. Pieris protodice Bd.-Lec. Abundant; March to Novem- 
ber. Several broods, probably four; the pupa hibernates. Food- 
plants: plantain, etc. Not destructive to cabbage in this section; 
the light form is sometimes the female; the Winter form, vernalis, 
emerges in March. 

35. P. rapfs Linn. Abundant; March to November. Four 
broods, possibly more; the pupa hibernates. Food-plant, cab- 
bage. 

36. Nathalis iole Bdv. Rare; July and August One brood, 
possibly two. Food-plant unknown. 

37. Catopsilia eubule Linn. Rare ; July to September. One 
brood; the pupa probably hibernates. Food-plant, senna. 

38. Meganostoma c&sonia Stoll. Rare; April to September. 
Three broods; the pupa hibernates. F*ood-plant, clover. 

39. Colias eurytheme Bdv. Somewhat common; June to Sep- 
tember. Two broods, possibly three; the pupa probably hiber- 
nates. Food-plant, clover. 



282 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

40. C. philodice Gdt. Abundant ; May to October. Three 
or more broods; the pupa hibernates. Food-plant, clover. Ex- 
amples of var. albinic were taken in July and August. 

41. Terias nicippe Cram. Abundant; June to October. Three 
broods ; probably hibernates in the pupa state. Food-plant, 
senna. 

42. T. lisa Bd.-Lec. Somewhat common; July to October. 
Two broods; probably hibernates in the pupa state. Food-plant, 
clover. Var. alba occasionally observed. 

43. Papilio ajax Linn. Somewhat common ; April to October. 
Two broods; the pupa hibernates. Food-plant, pawpaw. Var. 
marcellus taken in the Summer months. 

44. P. turnus Linn. Somewhat common; April to September. 
Two broods; the pupa hibernates. Food-plants: apple, cherry, 
etc. Var. Q glaucus frequently seen in August and September. 

45. P. cresphontes Cram. Rare; June to September. Two 
broods; the pupa hibernates. Food-plant, prickly ash. 

46. P. asterias Fabr. Rare; July and August. Two broods; 
the pupa hibernates. Food-plant, parsnip. 

47. P. troilus Linn. Somewhat common; July to September. 
Two broods; the pupa hibernates. Food-plant, sassafras. 

48. P. philenor Linn. Abundant; April to October. Prob- 
ably three broods; probably hibernates in the pupa state. Food- 
plant, probably Virginia snakeroot. 

49. Ancyloxypha numitor Fabr. Common; May to Septem- 
ber. Two broods; the larva probably hibernates. Food-plant, 
grass. 

50. Pamphila zabulon Bd.-Lec. Common; May to August. 
Two broods. Food plant, grass. 

51. P. Huron Edw. Abundant ; April to September. Three 
broods. Food-plant unknown. 

52. P. phylceus Dru Somewhat common; June to September. 
Two broods. Food plant, grass. 

53. P. egerement Scud. Rare; June to August. Probably 
two broods. Food plant unknown. 

54. P. cern.es Edw. Somewhat common ; May to August. 
Three broods. Food-plant unknown. 

55. P. manataaqua Scud. Rare ; one specimen, August. 
One brood. Food-plant, grass. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 283 

56. P. verna Edw. Rare; August. One brood. Food-plant 
unknown. 

57. P. metacomet Harr. Rare; June to September. Two 
broods. Food-plant, grass. 

58. P. bimacula G. and R. Rare. One brood. Food-plant 
unknown. 

59. P. yehl Skinner (see ENT. NEWS, vol. iv, p. 212). June 
and September. Two broods. Food-plant unknown. 

6c. Amblyscirtes textor Hub. Rare; June to September. Two 
broods. Food-plant unknown. Found in dense woods and 
along the dry beds of creeks. 

61. Pyrgus tessellata Scud. Abundant ; June to October. 
Two broods. Food-plant unknown. 

62. Nisioniades juvenalis Fabr. Rare; April to September. 
Two broods; the pupa hibernates. Food-plants: species of Apios 
and Lathyrus. 

63. N. petronius Lint Somewhat common ; April to Sep- 
tember. Two broods. Food-plant unknown. 

64. Pholisora catullus Fabr. Abundant; April to September. 
Three broods. Food-plants : Monarda punctata, Chenopodium 
album, etc. 

65. P. hayhurstii^A^. Rare; May to August. Two broods. 
Food-plant unknown. 

66. Eudamiis pylades Scud. Somewhat common; fune to 
August. Two broods. Food-plant, clover. 

67. E. bathyllus S. and A. Common ; June to August. 
Probably two broods. Food-plant unknown. 

68. Eudamus lycidas S. and A. Somewhat common ; May 
to August. Two broods. Food-plant unknown. 

69. E. cellus Bd. and Lee. Rare ; one specimen, August. 
Food-plant unknown. 

70. E. tityrus Fabr. Common; April to August. Three- 
broods; hibernates in the chrysalis state. Food-plant, locust. 

71. Thecla calanus Hiib. Several specimens in June. 

72. Antho-caris genutia Fab. One specimen, April 27th. 

73. Pamphila ocola Edw. One specimen in August. 

Since writing the above I have had another season's opportu- 
nity for observation. The following notes and additions may be 
of interest : 



284 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

One specimen of A. diana was taken at Nashville, June 24. 
V. antiopa was seen in September. P. carduiwas abundant from 
April to November, four broods appearing. L. ursiila appeared 
from April to August, three broods. Three broods of A. celtis 
were observed, first imagoes appearing May 28, July 14 and Au- 
gust 25; also three broods of Ancea aiidria, imagoes from the 
first brood of larvae emerging June n. JV. gemma was first ob- 
served on June 10. Late specimens of M. c&sonia were mostly 
var. rosea. A few specimens of T. nicippe var. flava were taken 
in August. P. philenor was bred in abundance from Aristolochia 
iomentosa. As pupae and freshly emerged imagoes were seen in 
a region where this plant and allied species were not found, efforts 
were made to discover the food-plant for that locality. A female 
was observed depositing its eggs on Pseudo-polygonella dumeto- 
rum, Climbing False Buckwheat, and, though no larvae were 
found, the above plant may, without doubt, be added to the food- 
list of this species. 



-o- 



A New Collecting Ground for Cicindela limbata Say. 
By W. KNAUS, McPherson, Kans. 

Cicindela limbata Say is one of the handsomest, and, until 
within recent years, one of the rarest of this showy family of 
beetles. It was described by Thomas Say, in 1823, and is not 
the true species, being but a variety of hyperborea Lee. This 
beetle was lost for a number of years, but was retaken some fif- 
teen years ago by E. P. Austin in Nebraska. 

In his monograph of the Cicindelidae in the Bulletin of the 
Brooklyn Entomological Society, Mr. F. G. Schaupp figures 
limbata from nature, and partially describes it as follows : 

Head and thorax green, with cupreous tinge; elytra white, suture ob- 
lique, line and dot green, blue or cupreous; exterior and basal edge 
greenish blue, beneath blue. Head hairy rugose. Thorax hairy rugose, 
little convex; elytra punctured, smoother than in hyperborea, with a long, 
sutural, triangular merula; a small dot before the middle, and an oblique 
irregular line behind the middle; these markings are brilliantly shining, 
either green or blue, or cupreous. Length 12 mm. 

It occurs, or has been taken, only in Nebraska, although it in 
all probability occurs in northeastern Colorado, eastern Wyoming, 
and possibly southwestern Dakota. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 285 

In the Spring of 1892, Lawrence Bruner, of the University of 
Nebraska, made a trip to the northwestern part of the State and 
took a few specimens in Box, Butte County. A few have also 
been taken near Alliance, Neb., on the line of the B. and M. 
Railroad. In the Fall of 1892 I learned, incidentally, that Mr. 
J. VV. Vandeveriter, a graduate of the State Agricultural College, 
Manhattan, Kans., had collected this species in southwest Ne- 
braska. In answer to a letter of inquiry he wrote as follows : 

"In May, 1888, I took a Sunday stroll from Imperial, Neb., 
to the Frenchman River, about six miles south of town. The 
Spring had been very early, and the day was quite warm. About 
a mile from the river, on a very sandy hillside, covered with a 
thin growth of Yucca, bunch grass and a few weeds, I noticed 
my first specimen of C. limbata. It was very active and seemed 
to have a decided preference for the cleanest, sandiest ground, 
avoiding that covered with vegetation. Associated with it was a 
species about half its size, of a deep blue color, entirely without 
markings. I saw perhaps half a dozen members of each species 
on the hillside. 

' ' At the foot of the hill there was a dry water course having a 
channel, perhaps six feet wide, composed entirely of clean sand 
without vegetation. Here I found both species in considerable 
numbers, though the limbata were much the more numerous. I 
followed the water course to the river and found them very plen- 
tiful all along it. The holes of C. limbata were also plentiful, 
and 1 noticed many of them fly out of and also into them." 

Wishing to collect this species personally, I made the trip the 
latter part of May, 1893, reaching Imperial, the county seat of 
Chase County, by way of the B. and M. Railroad, from Superior, 
and a branch road from Culbertson. Imperial is twenty-five 
miles east of the Colorado line and some six miles north of the 
Frenchman River, a pretty little stream of clear running water. 
The town is on the open level; as you go south you strike the 
sand hills, and for three miles before reaching the stream the 
country is very broken and hilly. I reached Imperial the morn- 
ing of May 3Oth, and immediately started overland for the river. 
The day was warm and the walking over sand hills not at all 
pleasant. Bare sand was plentiful before reaching the stream, 
but I saw and took no Cicindelidae, except an occasional scutel- 
laris, formosa or repanda. I found no limbata, however, until I 



286 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

found a deep " blow-out" close up to and on the north bank of 
the stream. Here, running over the sides and bottom of the 
" blow-out" I found them in considerable numbers. They were 
very active little fellows, but I succeeded in taking twenty-five 
or thirty in two hours' work with the net. 

The surface I collected over was not over one hundred feet 
square, and they were taken only on sand without vegetation, or 
sparsely covered with grass. 

I visited the same locality May 3ist and June ist, of this year, 
and found the beetles at the same "blow-out." The weather 
was cooler and took only a dozen specimens from 3 to 4 p. m. 
The next morning I took the first specimens shortly after 9 a. m., 
and up to 11.30 had taken over thirty specimens. I was told by 
a resident that he had seen this insect in large numbers at a large 
"blow-out" eight or ten miles farther up the valley of the 
Frenchman. He called them "calico" bugs. The species 
taken in this locality differ somewhat from those further north- 
west. E. A. Schwartz, of the Division of Entomology, Wash- 
ington, D. C. , says: "Your Cicindela limbata are smaller than 
those collected by Bruner, and with the green markings wider. 
I do not doubt that there is somewhere in Nebraska or further 
north where specimens will be found intermediate between lim- 
bata and bnrealis, ' ' 

My specimens had, with two or three exceptions, green or blue 
markings. The exceptions were coppery bronze. While making 
these two trips I collected at Superior, Culbertson and McCook, 
and found some very good things. The list includes: 

Cicindela scutel/aris, at Culbertson and Imperial. C. lecontei, 
at Superior. C. formosa, at all three places. Chlanius sericeus, 
uebraskensis and Brachylobus lithophilus, at Culbertson. Hister 
subrotundus and nubihis, and Saprinus pennsylvanicus, fraternus 
and patruelis, at Superior. Carpophihcs pallipennis, at Imperial. 
Meligethes mutaius, at Superior. Hydnocera mbfasciata, at Im- 
perial. Ptilinus thoracicns, at Superior. Canthon nigricornis* 
at Imperial ; I have the same species from Florida. Canthon 
ebenus, at all three places. Aphodius ruricola, at Superior and 
Culbertson. A. dentiger, at Superior. A. walshii, at Superior 
.and Imperial. Lachnosterna crassissima, at McCook. Poiy- 
pkylla iQ-lineata, at Imperial ; very far east for this species. 
Cremastochilus knochii, at Superior. C. nitens, two specimens 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 287 

at Imperial. Pachybrachus ccelatus, at Superior and Imperial. 
Bruchiis pruninus, at Imperial. B. simimilum, at Superior and 
Imperial. Eleodes tricostaia at Superior. E. extricata, at all 
three places. E. opaca, at Superior and Imperial. Dlapstinus 
pratensis, at Superior and Culbertson. Blapstinus sp., at Cul- 
bertson. Nemognatha bicolor, at Imperial. Dorytomus mucidi/s, 
at Superior. Elleschus ephippiatus, at Superior. Baris, sp., at 
Imperial. Centrinus denticornis Casey, in thistle flowers at Im- 
perial. Sphenophorus parvulus , at Superior. 



-o- 



TYPES IN THE NEUMOEGEN COLLECTION.-II. 

WITH A FEW NOTES THEREON. 

By Dr. RODRIGUES OTTOLENGUI. 

Since writing the first instalment of this paper a " type" which 
was not in the cabinets when I looked through the Sphingidae, 
has been put in its place by the curator, Mr. Doll. This is 
Smerinthus interfaunus $. Long Island, Doll. 

This is a hybrid from a male Astylus with a female Ocellata. 
(Europe) 

ARCTIID/E. 

Crocota intermedia var. parvula 9 Neum. and Dyar. Colorado, Bruce.* 

Arctia intermedia var. stretchii tf. Grote. 

Arctia anna 9 Grote. New York. 

Arctia nevadensis var. mormonica $ (cf 9 $ ) Neum. Colorado, Bruce. 

Arctia nevadensis var. siilphurica rT Neum. Arizona, Doll. 

Arctia nevadensis var. elongata 9 Stretch. Washington Territory. 

In the " Revision of the Bombyces" by Neumoegen & Dyar, 
mormonica is cited as a synonym of A. proximo, Guerin, while 
nevadensis is made a variety of blakei, with sulphnrica, another 
variety of the same, elongata and ochracea being synonyms of 
sulphnrica. The "type" of ochracea is not in the collection. 

Arctia favorita ?'-f Neum. Colorado, Bruce. 
Arctia dieckii ^ Neum. British Columbia. 

Arctia dieckii, in the " Revision" is made a synonym of deter- 
minata Neum. which is cited as a var. of williamsii. I did not 
find the "type" of dcfet minata, though the label may have been 
transferred to the " type" of dieckii. 

* I think it proper to credit Mr. Bruce, for discovering new species, as well as Morrison 
and Doll. R. O. 



288 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

Arctia figurata var. e.vcelsa C?' (c?9 9) Neum. North Carolina. 

Arctia snowi 9(9) Grote. 

Arctia placentia var. fiammes 9 Neum. Florida. 

In the " Revision" snowi is also a variety of placentia. 

Arctia decorata cT (3 c? 5 9 ) Saund. Long Island. 

Besides the 'type" there are eight specimens, reared from a 
single brood of larvae by Mr. Doll. There are red and yellow 
secondaries of both sexes, and there are two males in which the 
black border of the secondaries is replaced by hyaline edges as 
wide as the original border. Mr. Doll also had a female from 
same brood with hyaline secondaries. 

Kodiosoma eavesii $ (cD Stretch. California. 

Nemeophila geddessii <$ Neum. British Columbia. 

Antarctia rubra $ 9 Neum. Mount Hood. 

Antarctia rubra var. danbyi $ ( $ ) Neum. & Dyar. British Columbia. 

Antarctia rubra is also the "type" of a new genus Elpis 
Neum. & Dyar. 

Antarctia beanii ^(^99) Neum. Laggan. 
Antarctia beanii vzr.fuscosa c? (9) Neum. Laggan. 

Antarctia beanii is also the " type" of a new genus Neoarctict 
Neum. & Dyar. 

Enchcetes vivida cf (?) Grote. Texas. 
Euchcstes yosemite ^ Hy. Edwards. California. 
Euchtztes zonalis 9 Grote. Arizona, Morrison. 
Euchcstes per I ems <$ 9 Grote. Arizona, Morrison. 
Euchcetes conspicula <$<$ Neum. Colorado, Bruce. 

A note by Mr. Neumoegen says that conspicua is a synonym 
of spraguei. 

Arachnis zuni $ Neum. New Mexico. 
*NeIphe Carolina $ Hy. Edwards. Florida. 
Halisidota mixta tf 9 Neum. Arizona, Morrison. 
Halisidota minima <j\ Arizona. 

Adjacent to this is a specimen labeled Halisidota arniillata S 
Hy. Edw., from Jalapa, Mexico, which Mr. Neumoegen consid- 
ered a synonym of his minima. 

Halisidota sanguinenosa $ Neum. Vancouver. 

A brilliant cherry red. The most beautiful of the genus. This 
is a synonym of roseata Walk. 

Eukalisidota pnra tf 9 Neum. Arizona, Morrison. 

* T\pe also in Edwards' collection American Mus. Nat. History, X. V. City. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 289 

LIPARIDjE. 

Artaxa i-ugenita 9(9) Hy. Edwards. Arizona, Doll. 

Neumoegen and Dyar make this new genus, Dalcerides. 

Varina ornata $ ( 9) Neum. Florida. 
This is a synonym of Acherdes ferraria. 

Dyaria singularis r? Neum. Maine. 
Type of genus as well as species. 

LIMACODID^E. 

Monoleuca oblique. $ Hy. Edwards. 

Limacodes trigona $ Hy. Edwards. Arizona, Doll. 

PSYCHID^E. 

Pseudopsyche exigua $ Hy. Edwards. Arizona, Doll. 
Type of genus as well as species. 

NOTODONTID^E. 

Ichthyura inornata <$ 9 Neum. Arizona, Doll. 

Ichthyura strigosa (tf 9 ) Grote. Maine. 

Ichy thy lira alethe 9 Neum. and Dyar. 

Apatelodes indistincta $ ( 9 ) Hy. Edwards. Florida. 

Nadata gibbosa var. rubripennis ^9 Neum. and Dyar. 

Nystalea indiana 9 Grote. Florida. 

Hyparpax venus <$ (c?) Neum. Colorado, Bruce. 

Hyparpax venus var. tyria <$ ($) ? Slosson. Florida. 

Some time ago I was visiting Mr. Graef, who had just received 
a pair ( 9 ) H. venus from Mr. Bruce, and he expressed the 
belief to me that venus is but a local race of his aurostriata. In 
this connection the form tyria may be instructive. There are 
two specimens, side by side, in the Neumoegen collection, one 
of which is marked as " type" of tyria, while the other has no 
label whatever. The latter specimen is identical in color with 
aurostriata, while the " type" is a good intergrade. It is curious 
that this should be found in company with aurostriata, that is to 
say in Florida. 

j 

Centra modesta $ Hudson. Adirondacks. 

M^clia (?) danbyi $ Neum. 

Notodonta notaria ^ Hy. Edwards. Colorado. 

CERATOCAMPID^:. 

Sphingicampa bicolor var. suprema c? (9) Neum. Kentucky. 
Sphingicampa bisecta var. nebulosa 9 Neum. Kentucky. 

9* 



290 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

Eacles imperial's aber. punctativsima $ Neum. New York. 
Eacles imperialis var. nobilis <$ 9 Neum. Texas. 
Citheronia regalis aber. s&ngeri $ Neum. New York. 

SATURNID^E. 

Attacus gloveri var. reducta $ 9 Neum. Colorado, Bruce. 
Telea polyphemus var. ocu/ea 99 Neum. Arizona, Doll. 
Hyperchiria io var. argus $ Neum. and Dyar. 
Hyperchiria painina <$ 9 Neum. Arizona, Doll. 
Hyperchiria pamina var. aurosea cf (?) Neum. Arizona, Doll. 

BOMBYCID^:. 

Pseudohazis eglanterina aber. denudata <$' (cD Neum. Utah. 

Here is a curious case. Many entomologists deprecate the 
naming of aberrant forms. Here we find a name given to a single 
specimen, an aberration, which is subsequently duplicated from 
the same locality. This gives color to my claim that aberrant 
forms are the initial departures from type, which are the precur- 
sors of new varieties, races, etc. 

Pseudohazis eglanterina var. marcata ^ (5 cT) Neum. Oregon. 
Hem ileuca ya vapai $ 9 Neum. Arizona, Doll. 
Hemileuca hualapai 9 Neum. Arizona, Morrison. 
Heinileuca neumoegeni $ 9 Hy. Edwards. Arizona, Doll. 
Cnethocampa grisea 9(9) Neum. Arizona, Doll. 
Clisiocampa incurva ^9 (c?9 9) Hy. Edwards. Arizona, Doll. 
Clisiocampa incurva var. constrictina ^ Neum. and Dyar. 
Clisiocampa mus var. discolorata c^c^C? ? ? ? Neum. Utah. 



COSSID^E. 

noctuifonnis o 7 '^ Neum. Texas. 
Type of genus as well as species. 

Hyf>opta bertholdi $ Grote. Colorado. 
Hypopta hcnrici $ 9 Grote. Colorado. 
Hypopta nianfredi (J 1 ^ Neum. Arizona, Morrison. 
Hypopta edwardi $ Neum. and and Dyar. Colorado, Bruce. 
Hypopta ethela $ Neum. and Dyar. Colorado, Bruce, 
Hypopta Cornelia rf Neum. and Dyar. Colorado, Bruce. 
Cossus perplexus $ Neum. and Dyar. Colorado, Bruce. 
Cosstis mncidus $ ($} Hy. Edwards. Arizona, Morrison. 



HEPIA.LI.iE,- 

Hepialus roscicaput ^ Neum. and Dyar. British Columbia. 
Hepialus sangarri J' Neum. California. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADYANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

ggg"- All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., NOVEMBER, 1895. 

TO WHOM SHOULD WE LOOK FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS? 
SOME days ago an entomologist in another city asked one of our friends 
if that journal the NEWS was still in existence? he replied that it was, and 
very much so. The man from the other city thought the NEWS was dead 
-because he failed to send us the small sum of one dollar, and consequently 
did not receive the journal. There are many people who think the NEWS 
should be sent to them free because they are entomologists, and perhaps, 
also, because they think themselves "some pumpkins" in the fraternity. 
Now, who should support entomological journals ? Should the mason, 
the carpenter, or the shipwright pay for the NEWS so that the entomolo- 
gist might get it free ? We also wish to say a word to those who say they 
can't raise a dollar to pay for the journal. There is not a person who 
would care to have an entomological publication who could not save a 
dollar a year. There are many luxuries and useless expenditures that 
could be cut down in a whole year and not one dollar saved, but many. 
Take one of these dollars and subscribe to the NEWS and get many dol- 
lar's worth of mental pabulum. Another way would be to get a box and 
put in it two pennies a week, and in a year you would have one dollar and 
four cents. The journal " Papilio" had a large complimentary subscrip- 
tion list and no one of " these dead-heads" objected to receiving the pub- 
lication, but when asked to pay a small sum for what they received they, 
of course, failed to respond. Such things should not be, and will not be 
in the case of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



C. H. TYLER To \VNSKND has removed to Las Cruces, New Mexico. 



292 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B, SMITH, Sc.D., New Brunswick, N. J. 

Papers for this department are solicited. They should be sent to the editor, Prof. John 
B. Smith, Sc.D., New Brunswick, N. J. 



The Elm Leaf Beetle. At the meeting of the Economic Entomologists 
at Springfield, Mass., several communications were read on the subject 
of the Elm Leaf Beetle, and several notable experiences were brought 
out, mostly as the result of work done by or under the direction of com- 
petent entomologists. I did not have at that time the report on some 
experiments made at West Point, N. Y., and as these are decidedly inter- 
esting and of practical importance, it is presented here; but first a few 
words of explanation. 

Lieutenant William Weigel, U. S. A., is in charge of the grounds at the 
post, and it is his duty to see that everything is kept in order and in as 
good a condition as possible. For a number of years past the elms, 
which form the bulk of all the trees on the post, have been defoliated by 
the beetles or their larvae, until it became a question whether it would 
not be better to cut them down rather than to allow them to die gradu- 
ally. Lieutenant Weigel is a graduate of Rutgers, and conceived the idea 
tha't possibly the entomologist, whose course he did not take when at col- 
lege, might be able to help him out of the difficulty with his elm trees. 
He therefore called upon me late in the Winter, stated his case, and re- 
ceived Bulletin No. 103 of the College Experiment Station, together with 
full verbal directions on several minor points not touched upon in the 
Bulletin, but set out in full in my Report for 1894. The insecticide rec- 
ommended was the arsenate of lead, and his report stripped of any in- 
troductory and concluding matter is as follows : 

" Now for my report. We have here, within the limits of the Post, 498 
elm trees of various sizes, and perhaps made up of three or four varieties. 
I followed your instructions implicitly, as contained in your pamphlet, 
both as to time of spraying and mixture to be used. I used arsenate of soda 
and acetate of lead in the proportions which you gave and also used com- 
mon black molasses to give the proper adhesive property to the mixture. 
My whole plant consisted of: 

" i steam fire-engine, . . . i man (engineer), to run same. 

i water-wagon (street sprinkler, 
capacity 350 gals.). 

i team and wagon to haul mix- 
ture and to change position 
of plant . ... i man (teamster). 

To climb trees and use spray. . 2 men. 

Total . . . .4 men. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 293 

"Attached to the fire-engine I had two lengths of &"" hose, each about 
200 ft. long. By this means I was enabled to reach all trees within a radius 
of 500 ft. I used the straight nozzle instead of a sprayer, for I found the 
latter scattered the stream too much and did not allow the mixture to be 
thrown far enough. Each tree was sprayed very carefully by men on 
ladders, and I found that it took about 40 gals, of mixture to spray one 
good-sized elm well, and that with the above plant and number of men I 
could spray about 50 trees in a day, located, as they are here, quite near 
each other. I sprayed all the trees three times, and, as a result, not a 
single tree lost its leaves from the ravages of the beetle or worm, nor has 
a single tree had to put forth a second crop of leaves. 

"This speaks well, when we consider the situation last year about the 
latter part of July. Many trees were entirely bare of leaves and looked 
as though they had been near a very hot fire; further, one-half of the 
trees had to put forth a second crop of leaves, and in two instances I 
think a third crop put in an appearance. True, last Summer (1894) was 
very favorable for the insect, because it was very warm and dry, whereas 
this year we had a delightfully cool July, and we were favored by several 
very heavy storms. 

"Several of the oldest residents of the Post, who have the interest of 
West Point at heart and who have watched with much interest and atten- 
tion the various attempts made to save the elms of the Post, state that the 
elms look better this year than they have any year since the beetle first 
put in its appearance. This, I think, speaks well for your remedy, for the 
beetles appeared in great numbers and early in the season this year. I 
further discovered that the mixture did not injure the most delicate plants 
in the front yards, nor did the mixture distress or injure the men who 
handled it, further than perhaps a slight irritation of the throat at the start, 
but which soon passed away." 

"Next year I propose to start a little earlier, and also shall make an 
attempt to destroy many of the beetles before they reach the elms." 

This report is, of course, extremely satisfactory, and perhaps one reason 
for it is to be found in the statement made by Lieutenant Weigel that he 
followed directions "implicitly," a little point that is altogether too often 
forgotten by those who undertake to apply insecticides. Of course, the 
application was a was teful one, but it was made with the apparatus at hand. 
It did not need a lire-engine, because a one- or two-horse power, small 
steam-engine mounted on a tank-wagon would have answered the pur- 
pose just as well. Using a straight nozzle instead of a graduating one, 
which would throw a spray, doubled the quantity of material required 
and also the length of time necessary to do the spraying. Even a coarse 
spray would cover very much more rapidly than a jet, and possibly for 
such purposes the new Hall nozzle might prove serviceable. At all events 
the report proves, and this is the real reason for its presentation here, 
that it is absolutely possib'e to preserve trees on a large scale from the 
ravages of this insect. 



294 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

ScolytllS 4-spinosns Say. In the last number of the NEWS was published 
a picture illustrating the work of this insect. In the original plate as it 
appeared in "Garden and Forest," the picture was nearly double the 
length and illustrated, in natural size, a piece of bark torn from a hickory 
tree that had been killed by these insects. It has been my fortune to see 
more of the work of this insect during the present year than ever previ- 
ously; not only in New Jersey, but in western Pennsylvania, where I spent 
three days in the vicinity of Pittsburg during the latter part of July. 

In 1894 the insect was complained of as injuring certain trees not far 
Newark, N. J., on the grounds attached to certain suburban residences. 
Glen Ridge, which is the name of the little town referred to, was origi- 
nally woodland, and when the place was laid out the forest was preserved 
just as far as was consistent with laying out streets and building resi- 
dences. There are, therefore, quite an unusual number of forest trees in. 
this little town, and in the hills back of it, and heretofore they have been 
among the chief ornaments of the place. Hickories are quite abundant 
and they did well, apparently, until two or three years ago, when occa- 
sionally a tree died off. In 1894 the dying became so general that alarm 
was created, and when I visited the village I found that everywhere hick- 
ories were infested by this Scolytus. Its little round holes could be seen 
abundantly or. the bark of the trees, and associated with it in the work of 
injury were certain Buprestid larvae, probably belonging to the genus 
Dicerca, because I found specimens of this genus on the bark, and there 
was also a longicorn at work, although I had no means for determining 
the exact species. 

I \vas a good deal interested when I found in the vicinity of Natrona, 
Allegheny County, Penna., in little patches of woodland, that a large 
number of hickories were dying from the same cause. Trees were found 
there in all stages; some of them apparently yet entirely healthy, though 
the trunk was peppered by the little shot holes; some just dying and the 
leaves withering; sonic of them dead, not having leafed out at all during 
the Spring of 1895. Others there were with only a few holes here and 
there through the bark, and healthy in appearance so far as the look of 
the foliage was concerned, but evidently infested and doomed if the insect 
be allowed to continue unchecked. I have noticed elsewhere, since my 
attention has been called to the matter, dying hickories in all parts of the 
State of New Jersey. Apparently, for some reason, this insect has taken 
a start and has done, and probably will continue for some time to do, 
considerable damage. I have had in my laboratory for some time a sec- 
tion of a trunk, two feet long and about seven inches in diameter, cut 
from one of the dying trees at Natrona. I was desirous of getting the 
beetle in some numbers, and of getting also all stages, but find that, ap- 
parently, the insects do not develop while in drying wood. It seems as 
if they require a certain amount of living tissue or moisture for their de- 
velopment. In this respect they differ from .V. rngnlosns, which will de- 
velop just as readily in wood that is entirely dead as in that which is 
simply weakened. 



1895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 295 

Associated with the injury by the Sco/ylits at Xatrona, I found also the 
exit holes of what was apparently a Jongicorn, and I found also a few lon- 
gicorn larva; in wood that was split when the trees were cut down. These 
may have been Cylle tie pictits. In trees that were entirely dead, and from 
which the hark had been loosened I also found specimens of Trcmc.v 
colninba which had died in the effort to emerge, and I was not able to 
decide the question satisfactorily whether, as a matter of fact, the Scoly- 
fns was the first one to attack the healthy trees or whether they had beui 
weakened by some other attack previou>ly. 

In the case of the trees at Glen Riclge, N. J., there was an adequate 
reason for the attack by insects, since from their situation they had been 
deprived of moisture and nourishment for a long series of years past, 
which had probably resulted in greatly weakening them. For the trees 
at Natrona no such reason could be assigned. To be sure there had been 
a drought the year before and everything was at the time of my visit suf- 
fering from lack of rain, but this could scarcely have been sufficient to 
account for the enormous development of the insect, especially as many 
of the trees had evidently been attacked several years ago. 

The problem of dealing with insects of this kind is one that is by no 
means solved, and indeed we are, to a very considerable extent, helpless 
against the creatures. My observations indicated that there was at least 
two broods of the Scolytus in the course of the season, and as we have 
no insecticides that can penetrate and kill the larvae under the bark, we 
are reduced to efforts to keep the specimens out, and this is a task by no 
means easy, considering the habits of the insect. It was noticed, both in 
New Jersey and Pennsylvania, that a great many of the beetles developed 
about mid-Summer a fondness for boring into young twigs just below the 
point from which the leaves started, so that here and there throughout 
the tree, there were little bunches of leaves wilted, which eventually dried 
and fell to the ground. This is an injury that cannot be prevented, so far 
as I am able to see, and apparently these short burrows were made by 
the beetle for food alone, since I never found any attempt to oviposit in 
such places. But, while the trunks are undoubtedly the favored point of 
entrance for the insects, yet I found that if there was any reason why they 
should not lay their eggs there they had no objections at all to even com- 
paratively small branches. While we may protect a trunk against the 
entrance of these insects by smears or washes, it is a difficult matter to 
protect also all the branches, and the subject of dealing with bark boring 
pests on large trees is one that deserves the careful consideration of 
economic entomologists. It is in the hope of getting the experience of 
other students, who may also have observed this insect, that this subject 
is presented here. The picture illustrates a typical gallery, not quite 
oinplete in the picture as shown in the last number, but the form of the 
central burrow and the method of branching in the larval burrows is char- 
acteristic, and well shown. This piece of bark was taken from a tree 
entirely dead, and the tree, which was a large one, nearly eighteen inches 



296 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November. 

in diameter, had scarcely an inch of sound sap wood so far as it was laid 
bare by me. The specimen from which the photograph was made was 
practically the only one that showed an entire set of galleries fairly well. 
Almost everywhere else they were so intermingled that it was impossible 
to get an isolated single set. 



Notes and. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 
OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in each case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put " copy 1 ' into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five " extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



"THE muscular power of the Flea is so great that it can leap to the 
distance of two hundred times its own length, which will appear the more 
surprising when we consider that a man, were he endowed with equal 
strength and agility, would be able to leap between three and four hun- 
dred yards." 

" MAMMOTH CAVE, in Kentucky, is getting to be a gigantic beehive," 
says a Cincinnati man. "The last time I went through the cave I took 
both the long and short routes, as they are called. At several places 
there were rather too many bees for me to feel entirely comfortable, al- 
though I was not attacked by any of them. If the cave should be ex- 
plored for honey some rich finds would undoubtedly be made. The bees 
are increasing constantly." Neivspaper. 

WHILE out collecting July 19, 1895, on the Diamond Hill road near this 
place I was surpised by seeing a strange looking butterfly fly past me 
going at a great rate of speed. I immediately gave chase, and, after a 
hard run of about four hundred yards, I caught it as it settled on some 
milkweed blossoms near the roadside, and to my great surprise I found 
it to be a specimen of Papilio aja.v. Thinking this a catch worthy of 
notice for this part of the country I thought it would interest some of the 
readers of the NEWS. WM. DEARDEN, Lonsdale, R. I. 

NATURE STUDY BALKED. Chicago, 111., September 16. The 400 pupils 
in the South Division High School are very largely in open revolt against 
a hard bargain which Principal Slocum endeavored to drive with them. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 297 

Next month this school is to be practically devoted to nature study, and 
in anticipation of this Mr. Slocum told the pupils a good mark would be 
given for every twelve grasshoppers brought in by a pupil. But the plan 
isn't working successfully, for, out of the 400 pupils, only 15 have brought 
in grasshoppers. There are just three pupils in the school who are not 
supporting the revolt. They are the only boys in the school, the number 
standing: girls, 397; boys, 3. The boys have been catching the grass- 
hoppers and selling them to the girls at ten cents a dozen. Twelve of 
the girls bought 144 grasshoppers from the boys, and the three boys 
turned in 36 grasshoppers themselves to keep up appearances. Now the 
girls will buy no more locusts, and the boys' money-making plan is 
1 } a 1 k ed . Ne wspaper. 

I HAVE this year taken seven specimens of Chrysophanns helloides, 
both cf and 9, in this locality. The specimens were very bright and 
fresh, and must have recently emerged. The dates of capture were Sep- 
tember i to 12, which would seem to indicate that the species is double 
brooded. I have it from the West, but all my other examples bear earlier 
date of capture. Prof. French thinks this a parallel with the case of 
Terias mexicana, which has migrated from the southwestern limits of 
the United States to Canada. I would be interested to know from your 
readers date and place of earliest occurrence of C. helloides in order, if 
possible, to show the route traveled, and the time consumed in making 
its journey from the West. It was first recorded from the Rocky Moun- 
tains, I believe, and later West to the Pacific. Its most Eastern limit 
hitherto, so far as has come under my observation, was western Nebraska. 
Any one who has taken it in intervening territory will greatly oblige me 
by reporting the fact. JOHN L. HEALY, 811 Morse Ave., Chicago. 

I have received Chrysophanus helloides from Grinnell, Iowa. H. 
SKINNER. 

GENERAL COUNT DEJEAU, Aide-de-camp to Napoleon Bonarparte, was 
so anxious, says Jteger, to increase the number of specimens in his ento- 
mological cabinet, that he even availed himself of his military campaigns 
for this purpose, and was continually occupied in collecting insects and 
fastening them with pins on the outside of his hat, which was always cov- 
ered with them. The Emperor, as well as the whole army, were accus- 
tomed to see General Dejeau's head thus singularly ornamented, even 
when in battle. But the departed spirits of those murdered insects once 
had their revenge on him; for, in the battle of VVagram, in 1809, and while 
he was at the side of Napoleon, a shot from the enemy struck Dejeau's 
head and precipitated him senseless from his horse. Soon, however, 
recovering from the shock, and being asked by the Emperor if he was 
still alive, he answered, " I am not dead; but, alas! my insects are all 
gone!" for his hat was literally torn to pieces. History of Insects, p. 53. 

COLLECTING IN MARYLAND. Have had very little chance to collect 
much in this (to me) new locality, but what little I have done has brought 



298 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

to light many of my old New York friends, the Catocalte. I was told 
here on the sea-shore I would find Catocalce very scarce, and in few va- 
rieties, but in one week's collecting, starting June 24th, I took Catocala 
intbilis, e/onympha, gracilis, sordida var., grynea, f rater cula var. , poly- 
gaina, clintonii, nltronia, coccinata, ella, ?c.ror var. tristis, epione, uut/ier- 
cii/a, prceclara and four other varieties not yet determined. The woods 
here are nearly all pine, with scrub oak, pin oak, swamp hickory, swamp 
maple, swamp gum, yellow poplar and magnolia scattered through them, 
mostly in clearings where the large pines have been cut. I hardly ex- 
pected to see C. tristis here, yet I took seven in one night, and three C. 
coccinata on another evening. C. epione was plentiful and flew just at 
sundown, the first always to appear. C. elonyinpha was also among the 
first. I took a fine, fresh example on the 2oth of May. I feel sure if I 
had been able to put in every night from the first of June I could have 
taken several thousand examples of Catocala alone. Other noctuids 
were plentiful in June, very few in July. Of the Sphingidae, C. catalfa 
was very plentiful, also amynator ; also 6". plebeius, A. chcerilus and 
myron, and several others. For a few weeks in June Callimorpha ves- 
ta/is was so common along the edges of the salt marsh that thousands 
could have been taken in a day, while Homoptera edusa and lunata. in 
all sizes and shades of color, literally cover the trees at night. Another 
year I expect to be able to collect the whole season. O. D. FOULKS, 
Stockton, Md. 



Identification of Insects i Images ) for Subscribers. 



Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending ; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages to ENTOMOLOGICAL Niiws, Academy Natural Sciences, Logau 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Entomological Literature. 



1. LE NATURALTSTE CANADIEN T , xxii, 8,' 9. The last descriptions of 
L'Abbe" Provancher (cont.). 

2. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF.VICTORIA, vii (new series). 
Contributions to a knowledge of the Rhynchota of Australia, E. Berg- 
roth. 

3. INDIAN MUSEUM NOTES. Calcutta, iii, 4. An account of the insects, 
and mites which attack the tea plant in India, E. C. Cotes. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 299 

4. VERHANDLUNGEN DES NATURHISTORISCHHN YEREINS DER PREUS- 
SISCHEN RHEINLANDE, Westfalens, u. s. w., Jhg. 4:, pt. 2. Contribu- 
tions to the biology of Phosplucnus hemipterus and allies, C. Yerhoeff. 

5. Descriptive Catalogue of the Spiders of Burma, T. Thorell, Svo. 
British Museum, London, 1895, pp. 406. 

6. Classification of the Lepidoptera of Hildesia [Hildesheim ?], com- 
piled after the preliminary works of Bates, Scudder, Guilielmus, Mueller, 
Comstock, Dyar, Chapman, by A. R. Grote. 

7. SlTZUNGSBERICHTE DER AKADEMIE DER K. P. U'lSSENSCHAFTEN ZU 

BERLIN, 1895, Nos. 30, 31. Contributions to the knowledge of the genus 
Melipona sens, lat., H. Stadelmann. 

8. ANNALS AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY. London, No. 93. 
Notes on the identity of some of the types of Mygalomorphse in the 
collection of the British Museum, R. I. Pocock. On a new sound-produ- 
cing organ in a spider, ibid. 

9. ABHANDLUNGEN DES NATUR\VISSENSCHAFTLICHEN VEREINS zu 
BREMEN, xiv Bd. Heft i [abstract]. List of the North American Eup- 
terotidse, Ptilodontidce, Thyratirida?, Apatelidae and Agrotidae, by A. R. 
Grote. 

10. BULLETIN SCIENTIFIQUE DE LA FRANCE ET- DE LA BELGIQUE. 
Paris, xxvi. The Malpighian tubes of the Hymenoptera, L. Bordas. 

u. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEiGER. Leipzig, No. 484. On the Anatomy 
of the plant-lice, Aphids, A. Mordwilko. 

12. TUFTS COLLEGE STUDIES, No. 4. The morphology and classifica- 
tion of the Pauropoda, with notes on the morphology of the Diplopoda, 
F. C. Kenyon. 

13. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RKCORD AND JOURNAL OF VARIATION. 
London, vii, i. The resting habit of insects as exhibited in the phe- 
nomena of hybernation and sestivism, J. \Y. Tutt. 

14. PSYCHE. Cambridge, Mass., October, 1895. Revision of the spe- 
cies Spharagemon, A. P. Morse. 

15. PROCEEDINGS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (2), 
voi. v [extract]. Coleoptera of Baja California, Supplement i, G. II. 
Horn. 

16. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES OF PHILA- 
DELPHIA, pt. 2, 1895 [extract]. Synopsis of the Bembidni of Boreal 
America, \V. J. Fox. 

17. TRANSACTIONS OF THE \YISCONSIN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, vol. x. 
-The sense of sight in spiders with some observations on the color sense, 

('.. \V. and E. G. Peckham. 



300 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

18. CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST, xxvii, 10. Charles Valentine Riley, J. 
F. Studies in N. A. Membracidae, iii, F. W. Goding. Some notes on 
BrncJnis in New Mexico, C. H. T. Townsend. Preparatory stages of 
Alypia langtonii Couper, H. G. Dyar, Relationship of the fauna of 
Puget Sound to that of Mexico and Canada, W. H. Patton. Sphin.v 
canadensis Boisduval, J. A. Moffat. New Tenthredinida?, A. D. Macgil- 
livray. Oenectra flavibasana Fern., J. A. Moffat. Review of a few more 
Provancher types of Ichneumonidae. G. C. Davis. Systematic value of 
the larva of Spermophagus, W. H. Patton. Notes on a trip to the Ba- 
hama Islands, H. F. Wickham. List of Lepidoptera taken at Sudbury, 
Ont., J. D. Evans. 

19. TRANSACTIONS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, 
1895, pt. 3. Contributions to a knowledge of African phytophagous Co- 
leoptera, pt. 2, M. Jacoby. An attempt to correlate the results arrived 
at in recent papers on the classification of Lepidoptera, J. W. Tutt. A 
monograph of the British Braconidae, pt. 6, T. A. Marshall. Further 
notes on the secretion of potassium hydroxide by Dicranura vinula 
(imago), and similar phenomena in other Lepidoptera, O. H. Latter. 
Notes on seasonal dimorphism of Rhopalocera in Natal, C. W. Barker. 

20. ACTES DE LA SOCIETE SCIENTIFIQUE DU CHILI, Vol. IV, pt. 5. 

Material for a study of the entomological fauna of Chili, J. Gribodo. 
Notes on the ants of Chili, with descriptions of new species, C. Emery. 
Short contribution to the physiology of insects: on the nature of the liquid 
which is excreted by some Coleoptera as means of defense, C. E. Porter. 
jr. BIOLOGISCHES CENTRALBLATT, xv, 18. Theories concerning the 
descent (Descendenztheoretisches) of Lepidoptera, T. Garbowski. 

22. THE ZOOLOGIST. London, No. 225. The migration of butterflies, 
J. E. Harting. 

23. THIRTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE OHIO AGRICULTURAL EX- 
PERIMENT STATION for 1894. Report of the Entomologist, F. M. Webster. 

24. THE ENTOMOLOGIST. London, No. 389. Notes on the synonymy 
of Noctuid Moths (cont.), A. G. Butler. 

25. THE BUTTERFLIES OF NORTH AMERICA, by Wm. H. Edwards, 
part xvi. This part deals with Parnassius sinintheiis, Satynis charon, 
Chionobas gigas, all of which are figured and fully treated of in the usual 
excellent manner. 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper is published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 
Cotes 3, Webster 23. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 3OI 

MYRIAPODA. 

Kenyon 12. 

ARACHNIDA. 
Thorell 5, Pocock 8 (two), Peckham 17. 

ORTHOPTERA. 
Morse 14*. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Bergroth 2, Mordwilko 11, Coding 18*. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Verhoeff 4, Horn 15*, Townsend 18, Patton 18, Wickham 18, Jacoby 19, 
Porter 20. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Grote 6, 9*, Tutt 13, Dyar 18, Moffat 18 (two), Evans 18, Tutt 19, Latter 
19, Barker 19, Hartig 22, Garbowski 21, Butler 24, Edwards 25. 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Provancher i*, Stadelmann 7, Bordas 10, Fox 16*, Patton 18, Macgil- 
livray 18"'*, Davis 18, Marshall 19, Gribodo 20, Emery 20. 



Doings of Societies. 



PHILADELPHIA, OCT. 8, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. \V. Wenzel, 1509 S. i3th St. Members present : 
Messrs. Bland, Hoyer, E. Wenzel, Trescher, H. W. Wenzel, Dr. Castle, 
Laurent, Fox, Schmitz, Haimbach and Boerner. Honorary members: 
Drs. Henry Skinner, George H. Horn and Prof. John B. Smith. 

Meeting called to order at 8.40 p. M., President Bland presiding. Prof. 
Smith stated that the specimens of borers which he had received from 
Mr. H. W. Wenzel were not the common Peach borer, but the Plum 
borer, that the finding of it on the Peach interested him very much, and 
that he considered it well worthy of further investigation, as this species 
is not recorded as being injurious to the Peach. Dr. Skinner spoke on 
the life-habits of Argynnis diana, referring to a statement made of the 
males appearing a month or more in advance of the females, and making 
the query why this should be so; the question was generally discussed 
without any one throwing any light on the subject. Mr. Laurent exhibited 
a case of Micro-Lepidoptera collected during the Summer, mostly at 
Mount Airy, Philadelphia. Prof. Smith stated that he had noted some 
interesting facts in connection with the vitality of Scolytu s quadrispinosus 
and 5. rugulosus. He had brought with him a hickory log from Alle- 



.302 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

gheny City which was very much infested with the former species, but 
after the wood became dry all of the larvae died; this he stated is not the 
case with Scolytus rugulosus, which he had bred in great numbers from 
dead wood in his laboratory , the species readily boring into the dead wood. 
_Dr. Horn entertained the members with some interesting narrations on 
the differences between some species of Coleoptera. On motion of Mr. 
Boerner, Mr. C. Few Seiss was unanimously elected an active member 
of the Social. No further business being presented the meeting adjourned 
to the annex. THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION OF THE CHICAGO ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. 
-The regular meeting was held in the Matthew Laflin Memorial Building, 
Lincoln Park, Friday, October iSth, at 8 p. M. Two papers were pre- 
sented: "A Tribute to Prof. C. V. Riley," by Mr. W. E. Longley. 
" Observations on Collecting Lepidoptera during 1895," by John J. Healy. 

ARTHUR J. SNYDER, Recorder. 



The Entomological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 

MAY 23, 1895. 

A regular stated meeting of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences was held in the Hall, S. W. cor. Nineteenth and Race 
Streets, this evening, Dr. Geo. H. Horn, director, presiding. Mr. Win. 
J. Fox called attention to the superficial resemblance between Jlfyzine 
and a new genus he proposed to call Engycystus. The differences be- 
tween the two were pointed out. Dr. P. P. Calvert said that he always 
held it was the business of an entomologist to study the external struc- 
ture of insects, but the internal as well. He had lately been studying the 
internal anatomy of the youngest larvae of two species of Dragonflies. 
The literature of the subject was mentioned, but no one had studied sec- 
tions of the eggs. Sections of the young larvae were studied in Gomphus 
and in Libellulct pulchella. Observations of interest were made in regard 
to the alimentary canal and respiratory system. Trachaea were not found 
in the newly-hatched larvae. The histological anatomy was dwelt on at 
length, In discussing the alimentary canal the Malpighian tubercles were 
mentioned, and in the larvae in question there were three Malpighian 
tubercles. In the larvae of pulchella there are traces of the rectal tracheal 
gills, but not in Gomphus. 

JUNE 10, 1895. 

Meeting held this evening, Mr. Charles S. Welles, Vice-Director, pre- 
siding. Mr. Philip Laurent mentioned that two species of Coleoptera: 
Hydrophilns ovatns and Calosoma sayi, had been found in numbers in 
the city, at the electric lights on South Broad Street, by Mr. Fox and 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 303 

himself. Of the former species nineteen had been found, and of the 
latter twenty three. Mr. Calvert stated that Mr. Laurent had taken, at 
Anglesea, Cape May County, N. J., Tetragoneura semiaqnea Burm., not 
before recorded from that State. The speaker also said he had lately 
been studying the dragonfiies sent by the California Academy of Sciences, 
which had been collected in Lower California. One species had been 
found, not recorded North of Brazil. The northern limit of Alscistogaster 
ornatns was mentioned. No new species were discovered. Mr. George 
Luccareni was duly elected an associate of the Section. 

SEPTEMBER 26, 1895. 

Meeting held this evening, Mr. Philip Laurent presiding. Mr. C. F. 
Seiss put on record the finding in Philadelphia of Libellula axil/ena, the 
nearest recorded locality being fifty miles distant. He als-o stated that 
his brother, Dr. Seiss, had examined the contents of the stomach of a red 
fox killed in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, and found a half 
pint of grasshoppers, Melanoplus bivittatus Say and M. fernurrubruin. 
Mr. Liebeck recorded the finding of Ainara fulvipes in the city. Mr. 
Reineck recorded finding Scyinnus pitnctnm in Philadelphia. Mr. Lau- 
rent showed specimens illustrating the life-history of Eudryas unio. The 
larvae were found on Euphorbia coloratuni. He also showed larvae and 
pupae of Papilio philenor, and spoke of their cannibalistic habits. The full 
grown larvae eating those that had just formed chrysalids from larvae in 
the same box. The caterpillars were found on Aristolocha sipho (Dutch- 
man's pipe). Dr. Horn ad\ ised the members to gather fallen twigs of 
hickory for the purpose of securing Coleoptera from them. Mr. Laurent 
had tried this and had raised Heterachthes qnadriinaculatus Mr. Liebeck 
had adopted the same plan and had secured Elaphidion sp. Dr. Skinner 
showed larvae of Sync/ilce lacinia received from Prof. Cockerel! at Las 
Cruces, New Mexico, and stated that Synchloe crocale had been reared 
from larvae of lacinia, thus showing they were widely different forms of 
one species. Dr. HENRY SKINNER, Recorder. 



The following paper was read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



Description of the Female Papilio pelaus Fai> 

WITH A FEW KEM4.KKS. 

By GEORGE A. EHRMANN, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Female. Primaries less falcated than in the male, the segregated burl" 
band on both surfaces is wider and somewhat suffused inwardly. Secon- 
darie% are more produced outwardly than in the male, the submarginal 
lunated spots are six in number on the upper surface, whereas in the male 
there are but three, the two lunate spots towards the apex are less defined 



304 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

and buff in color, the rest are brickish red, the same as the two situated 
between the median and submedian nervures of the male; underside of 
secondaries the markings are the same as in the male, the tails are one- 
fourth of an inch longer than in the male. 

Of this extremely rare butterfly I had the good fortune lately 
to procure a fine female from my collector in Jamaica, and, to the 
best of my knowledge, it is the only example of this sex in North 
American collections. This Papilio always seemed to be of the 
greatest rarity from Fabricius to the present time, and Fabricius 
himself seemed to have been unacquainted with the true P. pelaus, 
as he referred it to Cramer's P. torqualus (" Cr. Pap. Exot. pk 
177, figs. A and B"). Is it possible that Cramer's figures are so 
extremely poor that they (P. torquatns) will answer for any cau- 
dated species of Papilio? We are therefore indebted to the un- 
tiring energies of the late Joseph O. Westwood for its rediscovery, 
for after it (P. pelaus Fab.) had slept in the vault of oblivion for 
fifty years Mr. Westwood found a specimen that agreed with the 
description of P. pelaus Fab. in Mr. Edward Doubleday's col- 
lection. He, Mr. Westwood, then figured it as P. pelaus Fab., 
with some doubt, in his admirable " Arcana Entomologica, " pi. 
18, figs, i and 2. Later on (p. 107, "Arc. En 1 -.") he assured 
himself that he was right in his discovery by finding P. pelaus 
figured in Mr. Jones' unpublished drawings, vol i, pi. 32, that 
are in the British Museum Library, so I doubt if the female has 
ever been recorded until now. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for October, was mailed September 30, 1895. 



ENT. NEWS, Vol. VI. 



PI. XIV. 




HENRY SHIMER, A.M., M.D. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 

AND 

PROCEEDINGS OE THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SECTION, 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

VOL. vi. DECEMBER, 1895. No. 10. 

CONTENTS: 



Henry Shinier, A.M., M.D 305 Editorial 322 

The Agricultural Ant 307 Economic Entomology 323 

Wolcott Coleoptera of Central Illinois 309 Notes and News 325 

Hornig Wind and light vs. cocoon Entomological Literature 326 

mimicry 311 Doings of Societies 330 

Daggett Notes on collecting Coleop.... 311 Entomological Section 331 

Longley Some notes on May and June Smith Desc. of new sp. of Noctuidas.. 332 

collecting, etc 314 Dyar Larva of Harrisimemna 340 

Slosson Mt. Washington insects 316 

HENRY SHIMER, A.M., M.D. 

Dr. Shinier was born September i, 1828, in West Vincent, 
Chester County, Pa., and died July 28, 1895, at Mt. Carroll, 111. 
He was known in the community in which he lived as a student, 
scholar, scientist, physician and distinguished citizen, and seemed 
to be the friend of every one. He was a conspicuous man, a 
notable personage, a distinctive and impressive personality, a 
man of large physical proportions, of massive brain and great 
intellectual powers. He had an appetency for the truth, and 
early in life showed an intense hunger for knowledge which re- 
sulted in his becoming a student, a learner, and a scholar of large 
and varied attainments; but he was not a scholastic, not so much 
a student of books, highly as he valued them, as of the great 
library of Nature and human life, which urged him on to know 
their hidden facts and treasures. The scalpel, crucible and mi- 
croscope became in his hands effective for this work. He desired 
that others should share in his knowledge, and published freely 
in scientific journals technical monographs for scholars, and has 
widely published, in popular form in newspapers, valuable infor- 
mation on varied subjects. As an original investigator and dis- 
coverer he was widely known in America and Europe, and his 
correspondence on these subjects was with scholars in different 

10 



306 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

nations. He was for a time assistant State Entomologist, and 
would probably have been State Entomologist, but he was no 
politician, and politics prevail. He was closely connected in his 
work with the Smithsonian Institution, and also with scientific 
societies in Philadelphia and New York. His degree of Master 
of Arts was given him by the University of Chicago after an 
examination. His papers on entomological subjects published in 
the " Proceedings" and in the " Transactions" of the American 
Entomological Society were as follows: 

Description of the Imago and Larva of a New Species of 
Chrysopa (1865); Description of a New Species of Aleyrodes; 
Description of a New Species of Cecidomyia; On a New Genus 
of Aphidae; Notes on the Apple Bark Louse (Lepidosaphes con- 
chiformis), with a Description of a supposed new Acarus (1867); 
Descriptions of two Acarians bred from White Maple; Notes on 
Chermes pinicorticis (white pine louse); A Summer's Study of 
the Hickory Galls, with Descriptions of supposed New Species 
bred therefrom (1868). 

Doctor Shimer was always deeply interested in educational 
affairs, and frequently gave expression to the wish that he might 
have a part in carrying on the work of education after his death. 
This he has forcibly shown in a practical way, and also his un- 
bounded confidence in Mrs. Shimer, in that he has left his prop- 
erty to her for use in this way as she may deem most advisable. 
He had published as his opinion that a man should be buried 
where he has lived, where he has done his work, and where he 
would be longest remembered, for he wrote: 

"We cherish life we would not die, 
We long to live in memory still ; 
We dread oblivion, that is why 
You'll bury me on yonder hill." 

(We are indebted for this abstract to one of Dr. Shimer 1 s 
friends, J. P. Philips, who has published an interesting biography 
of the doctor.) 

THE journal known as "Texas Farm and Ranch," has made arrange- 
ments with Prof. F. W. Mally, of Hulen, Texas, to conduct a Department 
of Entomology and Fungus Diseases, commencing in the number for Oct. 
i gth. 'The national reputation of Prof. Mally and his special study of 
the insect pests and fungus diseases of the Southwest will inspire confi- 
dence in his work and undoubtedly prove beneficial to farmers and horti- 
culturists." 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 307 

THE AGRICULTURAL ANT (Atta malefaciens}. 
The habits of this Ant were studied in Texas by the late Dr. 
Lincecum for the space of twelve years, and the result of his in- 
vestigations was communicated to the Linnaean Society of Lon- 
don by Charles Darwin. It is so extraordinary an account that 
it must be given in the narrator's own words: 

"The species which I have named 'Agricultural' is a large brownish 
ant. It dwells in what may be termed paved cities, and, like a thrifty, 
diligent, provident farmer, makes suitable and timely arrangements for 
the changing seasons. It is, in short, endowed with skill, ingenuity, and 
untiring patience sufficient to enable it successfully to contend with the 
varying exigencies which it may have to encounter in the life-conflict. 

" When it has selected a situation for its habitation, if on ordinary dry 
ground, it bores a hole, around which it raises the surface three and 
sometimes six inches, forming a low circular mound having a very gentle 
inclination from the centre to the outer border, which, on an average, is 
three or four feet from the entrance. But if the location is chosen on low, 
flat, wet land liable to inundation, though the ground may be perfectly 
dry at the time the ant sets to work, it nevertheless elevates the mound, 
in the form of a pretty sharp cone, to the height of fifteen to twenty in- 
ches or more, and makes the entrance near the summit. Around the 
mound in either case the ant clears the ground of all obstructions, levels 
and smooths the surface to the distance of three or four feet from the gate 
of the city, giving the space the appearance of a handsome pavement, as 
it really is. 

" Within this paved area not a blade of any green thing is allowed to 
grow, except a single species of grain-bearing grass. Having planted 
this crop in a circle around, and two or three feet from the centre of the 
mound, the insect tends and cultivates it with constant care, cutting away 
all other grasses and weeds that may spring up amongst it and all around 
outside of the farm-circle to the extent of one or two feet more. 

"The cultivated grass grown luxuriantly, and produces a heavy crop 
of small, white, flinty seeds, which, under the microscope, very closely 
resemble ordinary rice. When ripe it is carefully harvested, and carried 
by the workers, chaff and all, into the granary cells, where it is divested 
of the chaff and packed away. The chaff is taken out and thrown beyi >iul 
the limits of the paved area. 

" During protracted wet weather it sometimes happens that the pro- 
vision stores become damp and are liable to sprout and spoil. In this 
case, on the first fine day the ants bring out the damp and damaged giain 
and expose it to the sun till it is dry, when they carry it back and p 
away all the sound seeds, leaving those that had sprouted to waste. 

" In a peach-orchard not far from my house is a considerable elevation, 
on which is an extensive bed of rock. In the sand-beds overlying por- 
tions of this rock are five cities of the Agricultural Anf. evidently very 



308 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

ancient. My observations on their manners and customs have been limited 
to the last twelve years, during which time the enclosure surrounding the 
orchard has prevented the approach of cattle to the ant-farms. The cities 
which are outside of the enclosure as well as those protected in it are, at 
the proper season, invariably planted with the ant-rice. The crop may, 
accordingly, always be seen springing up within the circle about the ist 
of November every year. 

"Of late years, however, since the number of farms and cattle has 
greatly increased, and the latter are eating off the grass much closer than 
formerly, thus preventing the ripening of the seeds, I notice that the Ag- 
ricultural Ant is placing its cities along the turn-rows in the fields, walks 
in gardens, inside about the gates, etc., where they can cultivate their 
farms without molestation from the cattle. 

" There can be no doubt of the fact that the particular species of grain- 
bearing grass mentioned above is intentionally planted. In farmer-like 
manner the ground upon which it stands is carefully divested of all other 
grasses and weeds during the time it is growing. When it is ripe the grain 
is taken care of, the dry stubble cut away and carried off, the paved area 
being left unencumbered until the ensuing autumn, when the same ' ant- 
rice' reappears within the same circle, and receives the same agricultural 
attention as was bestowed upon the previous crop; and so on year after 
year, as I know to be the case, in all situations where the ants' settlements 
are protected from grainivorous animals. 

" I have not the slightest doubt that the Ants plant seeds for the ensu- 
ing crop; and my conclusions have not been arrived at from hasty or care- 
less observation, nor from seeing the ants do something that looked a 
little like it, and then guessing at the results. I have at all seasons 
watched the same ant-cities during the last twelve years, and I know that 
what I have stated is true. I visited the same cities yesterday and found 
the crops of ant-rice growing finely, and exhibiting also the signs of high 
cultivation, and not a blade of any other kind of grass or weed was to be 
seen within twelve inches of the circular row of ant-rice." 

The Rev. J. G. Wood says (in his "Bible Animals," from 
whence the above account is taken): " The economical habits of 
this wonderful insect far surpass anything that Solomon has written 
of the Ant, and it is not too much to say that if any of the scrip- 
tural writers had ventured to speak of an Ant that not only laid 
up stores of grain, but actually prepared the soil for the crop, 
planted the seed, kept the ground free from weeds and finally 
reaped the harvest, the statement would have been utterly dis- 
believed, and the credibility not only of that particular writer, 
but of the rest of scripture severely endangered. 

" As may be inferred from the above description, the habits of 
Ants vary greatly according to their species and the climate in 



1895-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



309 



which they live. All, however, are wonderful creatures ; and 
whether we look at their varied architecture, their mode of pro- 
curing food, the system of slave-catching adopted by some, the 
' milking' of aphides practised by others, their astonishing mode 
of communicating thought to each other, and their perfect sys- 
tem of discipline, we feel how true were the words of the royal 
naturalist, that the Ants are ' little upon earth, but are exceed- 
ingly wise. ' 

o 

COLEOPTERA OF CENTRAL ILLINOIS. 

By A. B. WOLCOTT, Bloomington, 111. 

The species of Coleoptera enumerated in the following list have 
been taken in the vicinity of Bloomington, 111., and with very 
few exceptions they were taken since the last of September, 1894. 
I am greatly indebted to Messrs. W. M. Hill and C. C. Adams 
for the identification of many of the following: 

CICINDELID^l. SILPHID^. 

Cicindela sexguttata Fabr. Necrophorus americanus Oliv. 

punctulata Fabr. Silpha surinamensis Fab. 

repanda Dej. 

i2-guttata Dej. 

CARABID^J. 

Calosoma willcoxi Lee. 

calidum Fabr. 
Clivina (americana ?) Dej. 
Tachys nanus Gyll. 

flavicauda Say. 
Evarthrus sodalis Lee. 
Amara exarata Dej. 
Piatynus extensicollis Say. 
Galerita janus Fabr. 
Lebia grandis Hentz. 
Chlrenius diffinis Chaud. 
Agonoderus pallipes Fabr. 
Metabletus americanus Dej. 
Anisodactylus discoideus Dej. 

baltimorensis Say. 

interstitialis Say. 

HYDROPHILID^J. 
Hydrocharis obtusatus Say. 



Cercyon haemorhoidalis. 

melauscephalus Linn. 



STAPHYLINID.E. 
Psederus littorarius Grav. 
Aleochara bimaculata Grav. 
Atimeles cava Lee . 

PHALACRID.E. 
Olibrus nitidus Melsh. 

COCCINELID.S3. 
Megilla maculata DeG. 
Hippodamia convergens Guer. 
i3-punctata Linn. 
parenthesis Say. 
Coccinella novemnota Hbst. 

sanguinea Linn. 
Anatis i5-punctata Oliv. 
Chilocorus bivulnerus Muls. 
Hyperaspis proba Say. 
Adalia bipunctata Linn. 

ENDOMYCHID^]. 
Endomychus biguttatus Say. 

EROTYLID.E. 
Megalodacne fasciata Fab. 
Languria mozardi Lair. 



3 io 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



[December, 



CUCUJID^J. 

Cucujus clavipes Fab. 
Laemophlceus punctatus. 

" fasciatus Melsh. 

Brontes dubius Fab. 
Silvanus planatus Lee. 

" surinamensis Latr. 

HISTERID^!, 

Hister lecontei Mars. 
Hololepta fossularis Say. 

NITIDULID^]. 
Prometop'ia 6-maculata Say. 
Ips fasciatus Oliv. 

TBOGOSITIDJE. 

Tenebriodes mauritanica? Linn. 
castanea Melsh. 

ELATDRID.E. 

Alaus oculatus Linn. 
Melanotus communis Gyll. 
Drasterius elegans Fab. 

LAMPYRID^]. 

Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus 

\_DeG. 

MALACHIDuE. 
Gallops 4-maculatus Fab. 

CIOID.E. 
Ennearthron mellyi. 

LUCANID.E. 



Lucanus dama 7 hunb. 
Passalus cornutus Fab. 



Canthon laevis Drury. 
Copris anaglypticus Say. 

" Carolina Linn. 

" minuta Lee. 
AphSdius timetarius Linn. 
" grananus Linn. 
inquinatus Hbst. 
Bolbocerus farctus Panzer. 
Geotrupes splendidus Fab. 
Trox sequalis Say. 

" suberosus Fab. 



Pelidnota punctata Linn. 
Ligyrus gibbosus Burm. 

" r el ictus Say. 
Trichius affinis Gory. 

SPONDYLID^E. 
Parandra brunnea Fab. 

CERAMBYCID^. 

Cyllene robiniee Former. 
Tetraopes tetraophthalmus Forst. 
Leptostylus macula Say. 

CHRYSOMELID^]. 

Chrysochus auratus Fab. 
Doryphora decemlineata Say. 
Gastroidea polygoni Linn. 
Diabrotica 12- punctata Oliv. 

vittata Fab. 
" longicornis Say. 
Galeruca xanthomelaena Schr. 

TBNEBRIONID-ffi. 
Nyctobates pennsylvanicus DeG. 
Tenebrio tenebrioides Beanv. 
Diaperis hydni Fab. 
Hoplocephala bicornis Oliv. 
Platydema ruficorne Sturm. 

MEL ANDRYID^E . 
Eustrophus bicolor Fab. 

ANTHICID^J. 

Notoxus monodon Fab. 
Anthicus cervinus Laf. 

MELOID^J. 
Epicauta pennsylvanica DeG. 

RHYNCHITIDJE3. 
Rhynchites bicolor Fab. 

CURCULIONID.E. 

Pissodes strobi Peck. 
Acamptus rigidus. 

SCOLYTID^. 
Xyleborus cselatus Rich. 

ANTHRIBID-S3. 
Cratoparis lunatus Fab. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 311 

WIND AND LIGHT vs. COCOON MIMICRY. 

By HERMANN HORNIG, Phila., Pa. 

As in the NEWS only one location is given so far where Antho- 
charis genutia has been taken, I would like to add two more 
places within easy reach of Philadelphians. In the Spring of 
1893 I caught some specimens between Morris Station and Pen 
sauken Creek a few miles from Camden, N. J. On May 5, 1895, 
I caught three males and three females at Almonessen, Gloucester 
County, a few miles from Woodbury, N. J. The day was quite 
hot (85), and all specimens were taken near noontime, most 
flying in the road in a northeasterly direction. Also one fine 
specimen of Attacus luna was found. I have raised this sea- 
son, very successfully, pupae of Attacus cecropia, and have been 
very much interested in the article, "Cocoon Mimicry" in the 
May number of the NEWS. I have fed the larvae on the leaves 
of Prunus serotina only, and the color of some of the cocoons 
are also white and some brown. But I am of a different opinion 
as to the cause of color given in above-mentioned article. As the 
breeding-cage situated in the open yard became too small for the 
number of larvae to spin their cocoons, I transferred the full-grown 
larvae to another cage in my study and every cocoon spun there is 
white; the frame wood is walnut and the wire netting is green. 

Mrs. Annie Jackson, who has been my faithful helper in col- 
lecting and has taken care of all larvae during my absence, is of 
the same opinion as I am: that the less wind and sunshine the 
larvae have shortly before and during the spinning process the 
whiter the cocoon will be. The cocoon afterwards exposed to 
the wind and weather will turn darker. I would like to hear the 
opinion of others in this case, as it seems reasonable to me that 
the larvae in the flag had little air and also darkness. But I can't 
find any reason to*account for some cocoons being smooth and 
others fluffy ? Perhaps some of the NEWS readers can answer 
this question. 



-o- 



NOTES ON COLLECTING COLEOPTERA. 

By FRANK S. DAGGETT, Duluth, Minn. 

During the past ten years I have devoted more or less time to 
the collecting and study of Coleoptera at the head of Lake Su- 
perior, but owing to the absence from the city of others inter- 



312 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

ested in that study I have been obliged to rely entirely upon in- 
formation gleaned from journals and the actual experience gained 
by field observation. The first thing made apparent was the 
periodical scarcity of certain insects followed in time by seasons 
of plenty, -in which I learned to lay by a supply to draw upon 
during the long years of disappearance. 

Every collector keeps in mind some favorite spot where, in 
years gone by, some lucky find has endeared it to him, and with 
what eager anticipation he visits it from time to time ! Each 
year other spots are added until his entomological trips take the 
form of great circles with lucky spots strung all along like beads. 
One day I accidentally discovered that all my circles had been 
jumbled together and centered in one straight line along the 
shore of Lake Superior, and thereafter by watching the tempera- 
ture and direction of winds, was always sure of finding a great 
variety of insects and among them many rare ones. 

One Spring, after a heavy warm rain, I visited the beach for 
an afternoon's outing with the children, and they delight in such 
outings after being housed through the long Winter. The river 
poured a yellow flood out over the dark blue waters of the lake 
which the waves caught and spread with its debris of chips, bark 
and driftwood, over a broad expanse. These fragments were all 
carrying their load of life; it happened to be, this time, mostly 
Carabidae, particularly Calosoma calidum, with a sprinkling of 
every sort usually found under logs, stones and in low damp 
situations; all caught by the sudden rise of waters and floated on 
these handy life-preservers to whatever spot fate might take them. 
Every wave brought them tumbling onto the sands, although 
they were time and again carried back, until some splash heavier 
than usual landed them where they had time to crawl up the logs 
and higher places on the sand, where the general warmth of the 
sun drove away the chilliness caused by the water, when they 
flew awav among the trees back of the beach or hid under the 

./ o 

drift wood. My greatest harvest, however, came not through 
the accident of a freshet, but by the warmth and general awak- 
ening of insect life in what we call the early Spring the latter 
days of May, even though there may be ice in the hidden nobks 
along the north shore. Long after visitors from other cities make 
their appearance upon our streets clad in straw hats and light 
colored clothing, the chill from the icy waters of the lake pene- 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 313 

trates the surrounding country and its effect upon vegetation is 
quite marked. Trees that have put on their livery of green 
twenty-five miles away are here but showing the swelling bud. 
Plant life has forced its way to the surface in sheltered nooks; 
the lawns have taken on their tinge of green, but the chill air 
seems to call a halt until some day a balmy zephyr from the great 
prairies of the Dakotas drifts this way and overcoats are laid 
aside. The zephyr may increase to a gale all the better for our 
purpose. Its effect on all life is magical, Spring has come. Busi- 
ness hours are cut as short as possible, and every one does honor 
to the occasion in his own sweet way. For my part I wait pa- 
tiently, knowing that after the first day of heat thousands, yes, 
millions of insects, warmed by the gentle breath of Spring will 
seek every point of vantage from which to spread their wings, 
and I know full well that as soon as they circle out from the pro- 
tecting brush and tree, some life-giving wave of air will carry 
them far out over the icy waters of the lake where they alight or 
fall exhausted. This continues during the three days which these 
early warm waves last; then the reaction comes. The heated 
air rises, the cold lake air rushes in driving away by its chill all 
signs of insect life, but with it comes a vast horde of hapless ones, 
infinite in numbers, and often of great variety. You stand upon 
the sandy beach at the edge of the water a piece of driftwood 
floats in like a ship of state, for it carries many a royal passenger; 
the wave that casts it at your feet takes back as toll two-thirds 
of the passengers, but there are enough left to satisfy the most 
exacting collector; besides, why wait for ships of state when the 
beach is" fairly covered with fragments under which lie a great 
variety, and from which one has only to avoid the common spe- 
cies. A barrel-hoop projecting from the sand furnished over 
thirty specimens of the smaller sorts, the larger ones resorting 
to the ends and tops of half buried logs. The afternoon of which 
I write I secured forty-three specimens of Harmonia \^-guttata 
and twenty-six of H. maculata. Usually one particular beetle 
predominates; this time it was the female of Corymbites virens, 
one might have taken a pint of them alone. It was two weeks 
later before I secured the males in quantity from tag alder bushes 
by beating. Anatis i^-punctata were also very numerous. One 
year Dicerca divaricata lay about the sands, sometimes a dozen 
in a single footstep, but these had not been in the water, but 



314 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December,. 

seemed to have dropped onto the hot sands and perished. Among 
them that year were a great number of Dicerca tenebrosa, for I 
secured over two hundred perfect specimens that afternoon. The 
conditions seemed to be particularly favorable for Coccinelidae, 
of which I secured a good series of the following : 

Anisosticta strigata, Harmonia picta, 
Hippodamia $-signata, ij.-guttata, 

convergent, iz-maculata, 

13-punctata, Mysia pullata, 

parenthesis, Anatis i$-punctata, 

Coccinella trifasciata, Chilocorus bivulnerus, 

y-notata, Exochomus tripustulatus, 

transversoguttata, Hyperaspis lateral's, 
monticola, undiilata, 

tricuspis, Epilachna borcalis. 

Two years in succession, 1891 and 1892, I intended to take 
full advantage of the usual opportunity, but the warm waves 
failed to materialize, or else came too late to meet the conditions, 
and the insects appeared in a slow and unsatisfactory (by com- 
parison) manner. Even when the warm waves came at the 
proper time one had to be on hand to receive the full benefit for, 
by the second day after the warm spell, nearly every insect had 
either died and dried up or had sought more congenial quarters 
than that furnished by the driftwood and dry sand. 

Any collector visiting Duluth during late May or first half of 
June will find the beach along Minnesota Point well worth an 
investigation, and he may be fortunate enough to strike condi- 
tions above described. 

o 

Some Notes on May and June Collecting around Chicago, III. 

By W. E. LONGLEY. 

Lepidoptera collecting has been generally good so far this year. 
May and June have been warm with very little rain. Papilio 
ajax made its appearance in considerable numbers in June in 
some localities though but few good specimens were taken by 
any one. I did not take a single good specimen. In former 
years ajax has been seldom taken here. P. philenor, troilus and 
tnrnus usually rare, have been occasionally taken; philenor more 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 315 

than usual in former years. P. aslerias is not as common as 
usual. Argynnis cybele and aphrodite have been very abundant, 
and idalia has appeared within the last fortnight in goodly num- 
bers, but they (all Argynnis} have been nearly all males. Could 
have taken hundreds of males, but with my best exertion have 
taken about half a dozen females of each. A. idalia has here- 
tofore been quite scarce. 

I have not taken a half dozen good Pieris protodice in the last 
ten years' collecting until this year. I find them everywhere 
this year and have taken more than a hundred good ones. Py- 
rameis huntera is less common than last year, and all the speci- 
mens I have taken are unusually small. P. cardui usually more 
common than huntera: was rarely seen last year or this. Phy- 
ciodes nycteis was more abundant than usual, and P. tharos var. 
marcia was common. Chrysophanus thce is not common here, 
I have taken more good specimens this year than usual. C. 
hypophleas was quite abundant in one or two localities in May, 
but is not generally found. The light form oi Plusia simplex 
appeared in large numbers May loth around the lilac blossoms. 
The darker form and also P. precationis are now abundant. The 
small form of Drasteria erechtea appeared early in May, but soon 
disappeared. The latter part of June the larger form appeared, 
and is now abundant. Leucania unipunctata has been very 
scarce as compared with former years. L. phragmatidicola ap- 
pears to have taken its place. L. pallens , albilinea, commoides 
and pseudargyria appeared in limited numbers. Parallelia bis- 
triaris, usually rare, has this year been abundant. Hadena 
arctica made their appearance June loth in their usual abundance. 
I took all I could at one sweep of the cyanide bottle, from three 
trees in succession, and found I had thirty specimens. Mamestra 
lorea, usually rare, has been abundant, and M. renigera has been 
common. The other Mamestras^ Hadenas, Agrotis, Noctuas and 
Feltias, which are usually abundant, have not been so this year. 
Crambus laqutatellus were so numerous in June that the window- 
screens were covered all the evening. I saw between three and 
four quarts taken from an electric-light globe, the result of one 
night's burning. They have now nearly disappeared. 

I have taken one Catocala nubilis, the only one taken by me 
in fifteen years' collecting, also one Caberodes majoraria, which 
I never took before. I took two Militcza phceton this year. Pre- 



3i6 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

vious to that I had one specimen only which I took in central 
Wisconsin twelve years ago. 

1 had in my collection one Spilosoma latipennis. This year I 
took five specimens at Benton Harbor, Mich. I have taken one 
P<zdisca gigantea, the third specimen in my collecting experience. 

Mr. J. L. Healy, who was with me July 4th, took one Feniseca 
tarquinius, rarely found here. 

Let us hear from some of the others. 



o 

ADDITIONAL LIST OF INSECTS TAKEN EN ALPINE 
REGION OF NIT. WASHINGTON. 

By ANNIE TRUMBULL SLOSSON. 

I have already published (ENT. NEWS, vol. v, p. i ; vol. vi, 
p. 4) two lists of insects taken by myself and friends on the sum- 
mit of Mt. Washington. These lists include over 500 species. 
During the present season I have added about 330 names not in 
my previous lists. All these were taken in alpine region, at or 
above 5500 feet altitude. Mr. F. C. Bowditch, of Brookline, 
Mass., did some very interesting collecting on the mountain in 
Coleoptera this Summer, especially by dredging in the mountain 
pools. Though he has generously shared his captures in this 
order with me and urged my adding their names to my list, I 
have preferred omitting them. I earnestly hope that he will him- 
self soon prepare a paper on the Coleoptera of the mountain with 
remarks on their distribution and habits. His ability to do this 
well will be acknowledged by all. I have again been aided ma- 
terially by specialists in preparing this list. Let me here ac- 
knowledge this and thank Messrs. Liebeck, Coquillett, Davis, 
Ashmead, Banks, MacGillivray, Fox and others for their kindness 
and assistance. 

LEPIDOPTERA. Hepialus hyperboreus? Moeschl. 

Rhopalosera. Pseudothyatira cymatophoridesGw. 

Catocala relicta Walk. 

Grapta J-album Bd.-Lec. ~, D , 

Glaucopteryx cfesiata nark. 

Heterooera. 
Smerinthus geminatus Say. HYMENOPTERA. 

Scepsis fulvicollis Hbn. Teathredinidae. 

Arctia quenselii Geyer. Hylotoma meleayi Leach. 
Clisiocampa disstria Hbn. scapularis King. 



I895-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



317 



Hylotoma abdominal is Leach. 

" coerulea Nort. 
Monophadnus rubi Hair. 
Phymatocera fumipennis Nort. 
Labidea originalis Nort. 
Macrophya trisyllaba Say. 

n. sp. 
Tenthredo mellina Xort. 

redimacula MacG. 
" novatus MacG. mss. 
coxatus MacG. mss. 
" nigricollis Kirby. 

" barnstonii Kirby. 
remota MacG. 

Uroceridae. 

Urocerus albicornis Fab. 
cyaneus Fab. 

Cyanipidae. 

Ibalia maculipennis Hald. 

Ichneumonidae. 

Ichneumon cseruleus Cr. 
" nanus Cr. 

pomilius? Prov. 
scitulus Cr. 
wilsoni Cr. 
n. sp. ? 
Herpestomus plutellse Ashm. 

n. sp. 

" n. sp. 

Stilpnus n. sp. ? 
Phygadeuon n. sp. 
n. sp. 
Cryptus limatus Cr. 

extrematis Cr. 
luctuosus Cr. 
n. sp. ? 

Ophionid, gen. ? sp. ? 
Anomalon nigrorufum Nort. 

sp. ? 

Campoplex n. sp. 
Limneria notae Asian. 
n i gripes Cr. 
n. sp. ? 

Mesochorus americanus Cr. 
Exetastes n. sp. 



Mesoliens n. sp. 

Eclytus pluralfe Prov. 

Euryproctus n. sp. 

Tryphon n. sp. 

Euceros medialis Cr. [mss. 

Mima washingtoniensis n. sp. Davis 

Thalessa lunator Fab. 

Ephialtes rufipedibus Harrington. 

Pimpla conquisitor Say. 

" novita Cr. 

Polysphincta limata Cr. [mss.- 

slossonse n. sp. Davis 
Glypta pulchripes Cr. 
" ruficornis Walsh. 
" rufiscutellatus Cr. 
Cylloceria occidentalis Cr. 
Lampronota jocosa Cr. 
parva Cr. 
nigropicta Davis. 
Phytodietus vulgaris Cr. 

distinctus? Cr. 

Braconidae. 
Bracon mellitor Say. 
" nuperus Cr, 
" n. sp. 

Melanobracon charus Riley. 
Vipio schwartzii Ashm. 
Spathius simillimus Ashm. 
Doryctes incertus Ashm. 

mellipes Ashm. [mss. 
" slossonse n. sp. Ashm. 
Rhogas stigmator Say. 
Ascogaster intermedius Ashm. mss. 

pallidicornis 
Apanteles sp. ? 
Microdus carinoides Cr. 
" laticinctus Cr. 
Orgilus mellipes Say. [mss. 

Microctonus dorsalis n. sp. Ashm. 
Cosmophorus hopkinsii Ashm. mss. 
Macrocentrus aciculatus Prov. 

Chalcididae. 

Perilampus hyalinus Say. 
Eurytoma diastrophi // 'alsh. 
" gigantea Walsh. 



318 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



[December, 



Torymus flavicoxa O. S. 

n. sp. ? 

Isodroma montana Ashm. mss. 
Pteromalus puparum Linn. 

sp. ? 

* Semiotellus suborbicularis Prov. 
Euplectus frontalis Howard. 
Entedon albitarsis Ashm. 

Proctotrypidae. 

Pentacantha canadensis Ashm. 
Aneurhynchus mellipes Ashm. 
Calotelia marlatti Ashm. 
Pantoclis analis Ashm. 
Basalys picipes ? Ashm. 

Scoliidae. 

Tiphia inornata Say. 

Pompilidae. 
Pompilus scelestus? Cr. 

sp. ? 
Priocnemis alienatus Sm. 

PhilanthidaB. 

Cerceris compar Cr. 

Pemphredonidae. 
Stigmus fraternus Say. 
Eumenidae. 

Odynerus debilis Sauss. 
capra Sauss. 

Vespidae. 

\ r espa germanica Fab. 

Andrenida. 

Prosopis sp. ? 
Sphecodes sp. ? 

COLEOPTERA. 

Cicindelidae. 

Cicindela purpurea Oliv. 
vulgaris Say. 

Carabidae. 

Notiophilus sibericus Mots. 
Nebria pallipes Say. 



Dyschirius globulosus Say. 
Bembidium versicolor ? Lee. 

" mutatum G. & H. 

" oblongulum Mann. 
Tachys incurvus Say. 

" nanus Gyll. 
Amara pallipes Kirby. 
Lebia furcata Lee. 
Metabletus americanus Dej. 
Harpalus laticeps Lee. 

" varicornis Lee. 
Stenolophus fuliginosus Dej. 
Bradycellus cognatus Gyll. 
Anisodactylus harrisii Lee. 
" rnsticus Dej. 

Hydrophilidae. 

Helophorus inquinatus Mann. 
Helocombus bifidus Lee. 
Hydrobius fuscipes Linn. 

Siiphidae. 

Anisotoma assimilis Lee. 

Staphylinidae. 

Staphylinus vulpinus Nord. 
Euryporus puncticollis Er. 
Sunius longiusculus Mann. 
Tachyporus jocosus Say. 

Scaphidiidae. 

Scaphidium 4-pustulatum Say. 

Coccinellidae. 

Coccinella tricuspis Kirby. 
Harmonia i4-guttata Linn. 
Anatis is-punctata Oliv. 
Hyperaspis bigeminata Rand, 
Scymnus puncticollis Lee. 

Cacujidae. 

Lsemophlaeus biguttatus Say. 

Cryptophagidae. 

Henoticus serratus Gyll. 

Dermestidae. 
Byturus unicolor Say. 



Bred from Agrotis sp. 



J895-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



319 



Histeridae. 

Hister planipes Lee. 

Nitidalidae. 

Euprjea truncatella Mann. 

labilis Er. 
Ips fasciatus Oliv. 

Latridiidae. 

Corticaria sp. ? 

Byrrhidae. 

Syncalypta sp. ? 

Dascyllidae. 

Cyphon variabilis Thunb. 

Elateridae. 

Adelocera brevicornis Lee. 
Agriotes mancus Say. 
Corymbytes aratus Lee. 

Bnprestidse. 

Chrysobothris clentipes Germ. 
Agrilus obsoletoguttatus Gory,. 

Lampyridae. 

Telephorus curtisii Kirby. 

Gleridae. 

Hydrocera verticalis? Say. 

Lncanidae. 

Platycerus depressus Lee. 

Scarab aeidae. 
Aphodius hamatus Say. 
Dichelonycha elongala Fab. 
subvittata Lee. 

Cerambycidae. 

Phymatodes dimidiatus Kirby. 
Callidium janthinum Lee. 
Xylotrechus colonus Fab. 
Clytanthus ruricola Oliv. 
Gaurotes cyanipennis Say. 
Monohammus confusor Kirby. 
Hyperplatys maculatus Hald. 

Chrysomelidae. 
Donacia subtilis Kunze. 
rufa Say. 



Graphops pubescens Mel ah. 
Chrysomela scalaris Lee. 

bigsbyana Kirby. 
Le(na tremulse Fab. 
Phyllodecta vulgatissima Linn. 
Haltica evicta Lee. 

Teaebrionidae. 

Paratenetus punctatus Sol. 

Melandryidae. 

Melandrya striata Say. 
Eustrophus confinis Lee. 

Oedemeridae. 
Asclera ruficollis Say. 

Mordellidae. 

Anaspis rufa Say. 
Tomoxia lineella Lee. 
Mordella scutellaris Fab. 
serval Say. 

Anthicidae. 

Corphyra cyanipennis Bland. 
Anthicus sp. ? 

Curculionidae. 

Macrops sparsus Say. 
Pissodes strobi Peck. 
Dorytomus laticollis Lee. 
Magdalis n. sp. ? 

Anthonomopsis xanthocnemis Dtz. 
Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst. 
Idiostethus ellipsoideus Casey. 

Calandridae. 

Rhyncholus sp. ? 

Scolytidae. 

Tomicus pini Say. 

Anthribidae. 

Allandrus bifasciatus Lee. 

DIPTERA. 

Diplosis sp. 

Asyndulum montamim Roder. 
Gnoriste megarrhina O. S. 
Eudicrana obumbrata Lw. 

liibio pallipes Say. 
" vestita Walk. 



320 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



[December, 



Scatopse pulicaria Liu. 
Chironomus attenuatus Jl 'alk. 
tricinctus Meig. 
Tanypus turpis Zett. 
Psychoda sp. 
Tipula frigida Walk. 

" simulata Walk. 
Pachyrrhina vittula Liu. 
Ctenophora succeedens Walk. 
Allognosta obscuriventris Lw. 
Pachygaster pulcher Lw. 
Chrysopila quadrata Say. 
Leptis mystacea Macq. 
Spania edeta Walk. 
Taracticus 8-punctatus Say. 
Asilus novae scotise Macq. 

distinctus Willst. 
Rhamphomyia basalis Lw. 
nigricans Lw. 
macilenta Lw. 
Hilara seriata Lw. 
" tristis Lw. 
Gloma obscura Lw. 
Platypalpus aequalis Lw. 

flavirostris Lw. 
trivialis Lw. 

Tachydromia similis Walk. 
Dolichopus albiciliatus Lw. 
batillifer Lw. 
scoparius Lw. 
variabilis Lw. 
n. sp. 

Gymnopternus scotias Lw. 
Medeterus n. sp. 
n. sp. 

Hydrophorus sp. ? 
Platychirius quadratus Say. 
Sphegina keeniana Willst. 
Pipunculus nitidiventris Lw. 
Peleteria Haviventris V. d. W. 
Nemoraea aldrichii Town. 
Thysanomyia inermis Bigot. 
Aporia limacodis Town. 
Carcelia leucaniae Kirk. 
Degeeria wash'ingtonae Coq. 
Hypostena barbata Coq. 



Sarcophaga sarraceniae Riiey. 

sp. 

Mesembrina latreilli R. Desv. 
Cyrtoneura stabulans Fall. 
Mydasa pagana Fall. 

palposa Walk. 
urbana Meig. 
Hydrotaea bispinosa Zett. 
Hyetodesia rugia Walk. 

serva Meig. 

Lasiops cunctans Meig. 
Limnophora litorea Fall. 

sp. 

Hylemyia grisea Walk. 
Caricea fuscopunctata Macq. 
calopyga Lw. 
sp. 

Cordylura munda Lw. 
Hydromyza volucricaput Walk. 
Scatophaga pallida Walk. 

n. sp. 

Scatina bicolor Walk. 
Helojnyza latentia Lw. 
Tephrochlamys rufiventris Meig. 
Tetanocera flavescens Lw. 

triangularis Lie. 
Seoptera vibrans Linn. 
Sapromyza lupulina Fab. 

notata Fall. 

rotundicornis Lw. 
Lauxania obscura Lw. 

cylindricornis Fab. 
Piophila casei Linn. 
Drosophila n. sp. 
Oscinis n. sp. 

Meromyza americana Fitch. 
Siphonella latifrons Lie. 
laevigata Fall. 
Chlorops versicolor Lw. 
Sphaerocera subsultans Fab. 
Phora rufipes Meig. 

HEMIPTERA. 

Heteroptera. 

Eurygaster alternatus Say. 
Perillus exaptus Say. 



I8Q5-] 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



3 2I 



Camptobrochis nebulosus Uhl. 
Macrocoleus coagulatus. 
Labops hesperius Uhl. 
Dicyphus famelicus Uhl. 
Gargaphia tilite M'alsh. 
Aradus debilis Uhl. 
Hygrotrechus remigis Say. 
Salda n. sp. ? 
Notonecta undulata Say. 
Corisa sp. ? 

Homoptera. 

Smilia camelus Fab. 
Aprophora parallela Say. 
Lepyronia 4-angulatus ? Say. 
Helicoptera sp. ? 
Agallia novella Say. 
Diedrocephala coccinea Forst. 
Deltacephalus sp. ? 

ORTHOPTERA. 

Ceuthophilus terrestris Scudd. 

THYSANURA. 

Isotoma sp. ? 
Tomocerus sp. ? 

NEUROPTERA. 

Lestes hamata Selys. 
Diplax rubicundula Say. 



Psocus sp. ? 
Leuctra tenuis Pict. 
Micromus montanus Hag. 
Hemerobius sp. ? 
sp. ? 

Platyphilax designata Walk. 
Chrysopa oculata Say . 
Meleoma signoretti Fitch. 

slossonae n. sp. Bks. 
Panorpa canadensis Bks. 
subfurcata West. 

ARACHNIDS. 
Araneae. 

Thargalia descripta ? Hentz. 
Epeira displicata Hentz. 

" trivittata Keys. 
Zilla montana Koch. 
Xysticus 5-punctatus Keys. 

formosus Bks. 

gulosus Keys. 

emertoni Keys. 
Philodromus aureolus Walck. 
Pirata montana Em. 
Icius montanus n. sp. Bks. mss. 

" similis Bks. 
Habrocestum decsrum Blk. 

Acarinae. 

Bdella peregrina Bks. 
Rhyncholophus parvus Bks. 



CHIONOBAS CALIFOKNICA. This species of butterfly I have taken for a 
number of years within a few miles of Fort Klamath, Oregon. It gener- 
ally inhabits the open pine timber, where there is a growth of "buck 
brush" (a waxy, smooth-barked bush) coming out of the brush into the 
glades, where there is usually a growth of grass and some moisture, 
where they are the most readily captured. This species (the males) will 
often chase a Papilio a long ways. It is found on high land, and low 
land, on dry and moist, but is a/ways in or near shade. It is not a rare 
fly here, except in every other year, when it is extremely rare. In 1891 I 
did not see a single specimen; in 1892 there were plenty; in 1893 I took 
but three specimens, but the next year I saw large numbers. This year 
I have seen but a very few. So I expect a good catch of this interesting 
fly next year, when I would be glad to exchange it to my eastern brethren 
for their catches. BURTON L. CUNNINGHAM, Fort Klamath, Oregon. 



322 [December, 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 



Published monthly (except July and August), in charge of the joint 
publication committees of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, and the American Entomological 
Society. It will contain not less than 300 pages per annum. It will main- 
tain no free list whatever, but will leave no measure untried to make it a 
necessity to every student of insect life, so that its very moderate annual 
subscription may be considered well spent. 

ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION $1.00, IN ADTANCE. 

Outside of the United States and Canada $1.2O. 

SiH" All remittances should be addressed to E. T. Cresson, Treasurer, 
P. O. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa.; all other communications to the Editors 
of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy of Natural Sciences, Logan Square, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

PHILADELPHIA, PA., DECEMBER, 1895. 

GEOGRAPHIC NAMES. 

THE subject of geographic names is one of more or less interest to the 
entomologist. A description of a species without a locality is well-nigh 
useless: and a precise habitat is worth one-half the description. Not- 
withstanding the importance of geographic names, a great many ento- 
mologists are wont to treat them in a perfunctory manner, hastily jotting 
down 111., if Illinois be meant, or Pa., or Penn., perhaps, for Pennsyl- 
vania, or worse still O., which every one is supposed to understand 
means Ohio not Oregon or Oklahoma. Of course such abbreviations 
are understood by Americans, but there are others whose geographic 
knowledge of the United States is limited, and who know not whether 
N. Mex. means New Mexico or Northern Mexico; or whether Miss, stands 
for Mississippi or Missouri. A like abbreviation of geographic names in 
such countries as Russia, Austro-Hungary, or in fact, any foreign country, 
would certainly cause utter confusion among non-inhabitants not thor- 
oughly versed in local ways outside of their own. If systematists would 
consider that their work is not for those immediately surrounding them, 
perhaps we would see fewer locality names given whose meaning is, 
more or less, ambiguous. Americans are the worst offenders in this 
respect. . F. 



NOTICE. Those who wish to continue their subscriptions to 
Entomological News for 1896, will please indicate their desire to the 
Treasurer, before January ist next. No change in price. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 323 

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY, 



Edited by Prof. JOHN B, SMITH, Sc.D., New Brunswick, N. J. 

Papers for this department are solicited. They should be sent to the editor, Prof. John 
B. Smith, Sc.D., New Brunswick, N. J. 



Insects as Pollenizers. In the course of my studies on this subject I 
have examined the vestiture of quite a number of species of insects habit- 
ually found among flowers, and have been interested to find that in many 
of them, notably the Diptera, compound hairs, similar to those found in 
the Apidse among the Hymenoptera, are present. This is especially true 
of the Bombyliidae and Syrphidae "Bee-flies," and "flower-flies," and 
quite a variation in the character of the vestiture has been observed. In 
the Coleoptera some Cetoniids have the hair roughened though without 
processes in the species examined by me. My studies have been neces- 
sarily upon limited material, and attention is called to the subject here for 
the benefit of others better situated to carry this line of study further. In 
my forthcoming Report some of these specialized hairs will be figured. 

The Katydid's Orchestra. Under this caption we find in "Science" for 
September 2oth, a note by Mr. George M. Gould, of Macon County, 
North Carolina, which indicates that entomological knowledge is not par- 
ticularly well distributed in that region of the country, and also that per- 
haps not all papers on insects are referred to the entomological editor. 
After describing the method of striclulation and the sounds produced, 
Mr. Gould, who assumes that there is only one "Katydid," questions 
whether the difference in sound which he noted, might not be due to a 
difference in sex, seemingly ignorant of that almost fundamental fact that 
in the order Orthoptera the females are mute, and that his suggestion is 
an impossible one. It is bad enough to find absurd questions in news- 
papers ; but when we find them in a professedly scientific journal, it 
always raises the' question in the minds of those not specialists in other 
branches, are those other subjects treated of with as much knowledge 
us this one of which we know something? From the description given, 
Mr. Gould evidently had never heard the'true Katydid at all, and as he 
gives no sort of idea what the observed specimens looked like, we cann< >t 
say whether he had one or two species, and whether he had Microc<-n- 
/ruin, Scudderia or Amblycorypha under observation. 

Mr. Scudder claims, commenting on my criticism in "Science" for No- 
vember i, p. 591, that the genera, exclusive of Cyrtophyllum, mentioned 
by me are not properly called " Katydids," and he may be quite right. 
Comstock, however, in his "Introduction," and later in his "Manual" 
expressly calls them all " Katydids," and if this is an error, it is one that 
is being drilled into every student of entomology in the institutions where 
these text-books are used. 



324 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

Fungus Gardens in Ants' Nests. In 1893, Moeller published, at Jena, a 
paper on " Die Pilzgarten einiger Sudamerikamischer Ameisen," in which 
he interestingly shows that the ants gather leaves and leaf fragments en- 
tirely for the purpose of cultivating upon them certain kinds of fungus 
growths which they use for food. They manifest sufficient intelligence to 
prevent the formation of spores or conidia, forcing the plant to produce 
what Moeller calls " Kohlrabis," upon which the ants feed. 

At the Springfield meeting of the A. A. A. S., Mr. N. T. Swingle, of 
Washington, presented a paper before sections F and G, in which he re- 
corded his observations of a similar habit in one of our North American 
species, near Washington, D. C. The species is Atta tardigrada, and 
by no means uncommon in the more southern parts of the United States. 
We are just beginning to understand a little about the internal economy 
of ants, and here we have a species at our doors which will repay the 
closest study and may give us a considerable amount of information as 
to the intelligent methods of these little creatures. 

A New Insect Disease. In "Science," September 2oth, Prof. S. A. 
Forbes announces the discovery of a new germ disease of insects which 
seems to promise good results from experiments made in the laboratory. 
The organism is a Bacillus, larger than B. insectorum, and under natural 
conditions attacking the squash bug, Anasa tristis. A number of species, 
including the chinch-bug, have been dipped into infusions of Agar cultures 
of this Bacillus, and it has proved fatal in a remarkably short time; the 
effect becoming marked in a few seconds and death resulting in a few 
minutes. The preliminary results seem to be extremely favorable; whether 
field experiments will bear out the laboratory indications is an interesting 
question. 

A New Parasite of the Mediterranean Flour Moth Epheitia kurhuirela 
Zell. Until the present rearing, no parasite has been bred from this de- 
structive mill pest in America. Two species, Bracon brevicornis and 
Chremylus rubiginosus, have been bred from this insect by European 
entomologists, and the former, as reported by Mr. Sidney Klein in the 
Trans. Ent. Soc. of London for :8Sy (pp. ^2-54}, is' said to have been the 
principal agent in clearing an infested warehouse. Since my discovery 
of the flour moth in California in 1892, I have been eagerly watching for 
the appearance of some natural reducing agent in that region. In Au- 
gust, 1895, a San Francisco miller sent me a package of infested flour for 
experimental purposes taken from one of the sprouts in his mill. This 
material was placed in a breeding-cage, and September 2d I discovered a 
small Hymenopterous parasite attacking a full-grown larva. Two weeks 
later several parasites were removed, and were kindly determined for me 
by Mr. Wm. H. Ashmead. The species proved to be Bracon hcbctor 
Say, and falls into Mr. Ashmead's subgenus Habrobracon. It is a widely- 
distributed species, and comes very close to Habrobracon gelechite Ashm. 
which I have also reared from Canarsia hainmomfi. September 24th, 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 325 

from the same cage, I bred another specimen, a male, which is certainly 
different from typical males of Habrobracon hebetor. It differs markedly 
in several particulars number of joints in antennae, its more elongated 
form, much smaller size, and in color; but until the opposite sex is bred, 
Mr. Ashmead thinks it would be better to consider it only a variety of 
hebetor. W. G. JOHNSON, Urbana, 111. 



Notes and. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL GLEANINGS FROM ALL QUARTERS 

OF THE GLOBE. 

[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit, and will thankfully receive items 
of news, likely to interest its readers, from any source. The author's name will be given 
in each case for the information of cataloguers and bibliographers.] 



To Contributors. All contributions will be considered and passed upon at our 
earliest convenience, and as far as may be, will be published according to date of recep- 
tion. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached a circulation, both in numbers and circumfei- 
ence, as to make it necessary to put " copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, 
three weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special or im- 
portant matter for certain issue. Twenty-five " extras" without change in form will be 
given free when they are wanted, and this should be so stated on the MS. along with the 
number desired. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. ED. 



COCCIDOLOGICAL ITEMS. Ddcfylopius iceryoides and Ctenochiton per- 
foratus have been entered doubtfully in our lists, on the strength of their 
alleged introduction in California; vide "Insect Life," 1893, p. 282, 
"Canadian Entomologist," 1894, p. 34. The identifications appear to 
have been made by Mr. Craw. Mr. Maskell now writes me that he has 
received specimens of the forms so recorded, and finds that the supposed 
D. iceryoides is really D. anrilanatus Maskell, while the so-called Cteno- 
chiton does not belong to that genus. 

Gossyparia u/ini is sent to me in some quantity by Prof. G. C. Davis, 
who finds it at the Michigan Agricultural College on elm, " covering the 
under side of all the large limbs," and scattered on all of the smaller 
limbs. The elms on which it is at work are quite large trees, he adds. 

In " Insect Life," last year, Prof. Davis reported a supposed new genus 
of Dactylopiini on palms in the hot-house of the Michigan Agricultural 
College. Mr. Howard was so kind as to forward me some of this mate- 
rial, and I have identified it as Dacfyfopius >tiptr Maskell, a neotropical 
insect. It is an aberrant Dac/y/opins, and may form the type of a m-u 
genus one of these days. T. D. A. COCKEKELL. 

A REMARKABLE phenomena is recorded to have occurred in Ireland in 
the Summer of 1688. The cock-chafers {Melolontha}, in this instance, 
were in such immense numbers, "that when," as the chronicler, Dr. 
Molyneux, relates, " towards evening or sunset they would arise, disperse 
and fly about, with a strange humming noise, much like the beating of 
drums at some distance; and in such vast incredible numbers, that they 



326 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December,. 

darkened the air for the space of two or three miles square. "The grind- 
ing of the leaves," he continues, "in the mouths of this vast multitude 
altogether, made a sound very much resembling the sawing of timber." 
In a short time after the appearance of these beetles in these immense 
numbers, they had so entirely eaten up and destroyed the leaves of the 
trees, that the whole country, for miles around, though in the middle of 
Summer, was left as bare as in the depth of Winter. During the unfavor- 
able seasons of the weather, which followed this plague, the swine and 
poultry would watch under the trees for the following of the beetles, and 
feed and fatten upon [them; and even the poorer sort of the country peo- 
ple, the country then laboring under a scarcity of provision, had a way 
of dressing them, and lived upon them as food. In 1695, Ireland was 
again visited with a plague of this same kind. Cowan's Curious Facts. 

Drasterius simiolus Cand. when first described was credited to Cali- 
fornia, and has never been identified by me. Since, it has been found 
abundantly in Mexico, and from a specimen sent by Mr. Champion it is 
certain that we have never had it in our fauna. 

Dinoderus brevis Horn, described many years ago from Louisiana, is 
found by Mr. Lesne to be minutus Fab., the comparison having been made 
at my suggestion. 

Bosfrichus spectabilis Lesne (Ann. Fr. 1895, p. 173) has recently been 
described as from California. The characters given to the species are at 
variance with the general faunal type, and it is to me very doubtful as to 
locality. California has been too often assigned as the home of unknown 
vagrants. GEO. H. HORN. 



Identification of Insects (Images) for Subscribers. 

Specimens will be named under the following conditions : ist, The number of species 
to be limited to twenty-five for each sending; 2d, The sender to pay all expenses of trans- 
portation and the insects to become the property of the American Entomological Society ; 
3d, Each specimen must have a number attached so that the identification may be an- 
nounced accordingly. Exotic species named only by special arrangement with the Editor, 
who should be consulted before specimens are sent. Send a 2 cent stamp with all insects 
for return of names. Before sending insects for identification, read page 41, Vol. III. 
Address all packages- to ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, Academy Natural Sciences, Logan 
Square, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Entomological Literature. 

Under the above head it is intended to note such papers received at the Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia pertaining to the Entomology of the Americas (North 
and South). Articles irrelevant to American entomology, unless monographs, or con- 
taining descriptions of new genera, will not be noted. Contributions to the anatomy of 
insects, however, whether relating to American or exotic species will be recorded. 



i. MEMOIRES DE LA SOCIETE ROYALE DBS SCIENCES DE LIEGE (2). T. 
xviii. New Elateridae, E. Candeze. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 327 

2. LE NATURALISTE. Paris, No. 206. Monographic essay on the Co- 
leoptera of the genera Pseudolucanns and Lucanus (cont.), L. Planet. 
No. 207. Relations between the means of defense and colors in insects, 
L. Cucnot. 

3. The Larvse of British Butterflies and Moths, by W. Buckler, vol. vi, 
Ray Society, London, 1895. 

4. TlJDSCHKIFT VOOR E.NTOMOLOGIE WITGEGEVEN DOOR DE NEDER- 

LANDSCHE ENTOMOLOGISCHE VEREENIGING, Deel xxxvii, AH. 3. Two 
new Opilionidae from Dutch East India, J. C. C. Loman. Ibid. Afl. 4. A 
pair of neck organs in the larvae of Notodonta ziczac L., A. Brants. 

5. ANNALS AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY, No. 94. On the 
Geometridae, Pyralidae and allied families of Heterocera of the Lesser 
Antilles, G. F. Hampson. No. 95. Newly-discovered stridulating or- 
gans in the genus Scytodes, F. O. Pickard-Cambridge. On the Lamelli- 
corn Coleoptera of Japan, and notices of others, G. Lewis. Descriptions 
of new genera of Zephroniidae, with brief preliminary diagnoses of some 
new species, R. J. Pocock. 

6. Dr. Johannes Leunis Synopsis der drei Naturreihe. Erste Theil. 
Zoologie, Band ii, by Hubert Ludwig, Svo. Hannover, 1895. 

7. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, 1895, pt. 
2. On collections of Lepidoptera from British Central Africa and Lake 
Tanganyika, A. G. Butler. 

8. BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA, Zoology, pt. 124. Arachnida- 
Araneidea, pp. 145-160, O. P. Cambridge. Coleoptera, vol. iv, part 6, 
pp. 49-80, plate 3, D. Sharp. Lepidoptera-Heterocera, vol. ii, pp. 233- 
248, plates 61, 62, H. Druce. Rhyncota-Homoptera, vol. ii, pp. 89-112, 
plate 7, W. W. Fowler. . 

9. DENKSCHRIFTEN DER KAISERLICHEN AKADEMIE DER WISSEN- 
SCHAFTEN, \Vien, Ixi. The Diptera of the Imperial Museum in Vienna, 
vii. Preliminary work to a monograph of the Muscaria Schizometopa 
(exclusive Anthomyidae), pt. 4, F. BrauerandJ. E. v. Bergenstamm. 

10. BERLINER ENTOMOLOGISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT. HERAUSGEGEBEN VON 
DEM ENTOMOLOGISCHEN VEREIN zu BERLIN, xxxix, Heft 4. The Pom- 
pilid genus Pepsi's, R. Lucas. Ibid, xl, Heft i. The group Homalomyia 
of the Anthomyidae, with its genera and species, P. Stein. Eristalis 
tena.v in Chinese and Japanese literature and contributions to the study 
of the Liponeurida? Loew (Blepharoceridae Loew, olim), C. R. Osten 
Sacken. Ibid, xl, Heft 2. Dipterological studies ii, Sapromyzida?, Th. 
Becker. Tomonotus Theresice, Brunner. 

11. THE ENTOMOLOGIST'S RECORD AND JOURNAL OF VARIATION, vii, 

2. On the development of sex in social insects, J. W. Tutt. vii, 3 - 

The resting habit of insects as exhibited in the phenomena of hybernation 
and aestivation, W. F. cle Y. Kane. Generic names in Apatela, A. R. 
Grote, with note, J. \V. Tutt. 



328 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December. 

12. ANNALES DE LA SOCIETE ENTOMOLOGIQUE DE BELGIQUE, xxxix, 

9. New ants from Australia, ... A. Forel. xxxix, 10. Descriptions 

of new Arachnida of the family Thomisidse, E. Simon. Descriptions of 
Coleoptera- of Madagascar and neighboring islands, L. Fairmaire. On 
the Coleoptera of the genus Sibinia Germar, H. Tournier. 

13. TRANSACTIONS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, xiv. 
Additional notes on the classification of Lepidopterous larvae, H. G. Dyar. 

14. MATHEMATISCHE UNO NATURWISSENSCHAFTE BERICHTE AUS UN- 
GAKN, Budapest, xi, Bd. Erste Hiilfte. Material for a monograph of the 
Acarid fauna of Hungary, L. Karpelles. 

15. MlTTHEILUNGEN AUS DEM NATURHISTORISCHEN MUSEUM IN HAM- 
BURG, Jhg. xii (1894). East African spiders collected by Dr. F. Stuhlmann 
in the years 1888 and 1889, W. Bosenberg and H. Lenz. Supplement to 
Part I of Revision of the scorpions, K. Kraepelin. 

16. BULLETIN DU MUSEUM D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE. Paris, 1895, No. 
4. Clavicornia of the Sunda Islands and Oceania collected by M. Raf- 
fray. Descriptions of new species in the collection of the Museum, A. 
Grouville. 1895, No. 6. On the salivary glands of the Locustidae, L. 
Bordas. 

17. BULLETINO DELLA SOCIETA ENTOMOLOGICA ITALIANA, XXvii, I, 2. 

Revision of the European species of the family of gnats (gen. Culex, 
Anopheles, Aedes] (cont.), E. Ficalbi. Contributions to the Dipterologi- 
cal fauna of Italy, M. Bezzi. 

18. ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEiGER, No. 486. Note on the development of 
the lungs, entapophyses, tracheae and genital ducts in spiders, F. Pur- 
cell. Corrections to my "On the Anatomy of the plant lice, Aphidae," 
which appeared in No. 484, A. Mordwilko. 

19. Araneas Hungarian, . . . Cornelio Chyzer und Ladislao Kulczynski, 
vols. i and ii, pt. i, 4to. Budapest (National Academy of Hungary), 
1892, 1894. 

20. AMERICAN NATURALIST, November, 1895. The genera of Lysio- 
petalidae, O. F. Cook. 

at. TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY, xxii. 
No. 3 (issued in September). The species of Dineittes of America North 
of Mexico, C. H. Roberts. Descriptions of new Hymenoptera, T. D. A. 
Cockerel!. Descriptions of new Hymenoptera, T. D. A. Cockerell and 
J. E. Casad. On the larvae of some Nematoid and other saw-rlies from 
the Northern Atlantic States, H. G. Dyar. New Neuropteroid insects, 
N. Banks. 

22. THE ENTOMOLOGITS' MONTHLY MAGA/INE. London, November, 
1895. Wax secreted by Lepidoptera, H. G. Knaggs. Note on the trans- 
formations of a Pteromalus, T. A. Marshall. 

23. BULLETIN OF THE NEW JERSEY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STA- 
TION, No. no. The Hessian-fly, J. B. Smith. No. in. " Raupen- 

leim 1 ' and " Dendrolene," ibid. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 329 

24. Species des Hymnopteres d'Europe et Alge'rie, . . . fonde par 
Edmond Andre" et continue sous la direction scientifique de Ernest Andre\ 
fascicule 52. Chrysidse (cont.), R. du Buysson. 

25. DELAWARE COLLEGE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, Bul- 
letin No. 28. Injury from leaf blight and strawberry weevil, M. H. Beck- 
with . 

26. THE CANADIAN ENTOMOLOGIST, xxvii, No. n. Feltia subgothica 
Haworth, or Agrotis (subgen. Agronoma] jaculifera Guene"e, which?, 
M. V. Slingerland. The second Anacrabro and the smallest Oxybelus, 
T. D. A. Cockerell. Butterflies of Southern Manitoba, E. F. Heath. 
Notes on Mr. E. F. Heath's collection of butterflies, J. Fletcher. Sup- 
plementary note to the Saturnians, A. R. Grote. Coleoptera taken at 
Lake Worth, Florida, No. 2, J. Hamilton. Notes on the insect fauna 
of Somerset County, Maine, P. Laurent. Note on the larva of Hemileuca 
californica Wright, H. Dyar. 



INDEX TO THE PRECEDING LITERATURE. 



The number after each author's name in this index refers to the journal, as numbered 
in the preceding literature, in which that author's paper is published ; * denotes that 
the paper in question contains descriptions of new North American forms. 



THE GENERAL SUBJECT. 
Ludwig 6, Tutt u, Cuenot 2, Kane n, Laurent 26. 

MYRIAPODA. 

Cook 20. 

ARACHNIDA. 

Loman 4, Cambridge 8*5, Karpelles 14, Bosenberg and Lenz 15, Krae- 
pelin 15, Purcell 18, Chyzer and Kulczynski 19, Simon 12*, Pocock 5. 

ORTHOPTERA. 
Brunner 10*, Bordas 16. 

NEUROPTERA. 
Banks 21*. 

HEMIPTERA. 
Fowler 8*, Mordwilko 18. 

COLEOPTERA. 

Candeze i*, Planet 2, Sharp 8*, Grouville 16, Roberts 21*, Fairmaire 
12, Tournier 12, Hamilton 26. 

DIPTERA. 

Brauer and Bergenstamm 9, Stein 10, Osten Sacken 10 (two), Becker 
10, Ficalbi 17, Bezzi 17. 

LEPIDOPTERA. 

Buckler 3, Brants 4, Hampson 5*, Butler 7, Druce 8*, Dyar 13, 26, 
Knaggs 22, Grote n, 26, Tutt u, Slingerland 26, Heath 26, Fletcher 26. 

HYMENOPTERA. 

Lucas io*, Forel 12, Cockerell 2i >: , 26-", Cockerell and Casad 21*, Dyar 
21*, Marshall 22, du Buysson 24, Lewis 5. 

ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. 

Smith 23 (two), Beck with 26. 



33 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

Doings of Societies. 



PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 12, 1895. 

A stated meeting of the Feldman Collecting Social was held at the 
residence of Mr. H. W. Wenzel, 1509 S. i3th Street. Members present: 
Messrs. Bland, Boerner, Trescher, Laurent, Seiss, Fox, H. W. Wenzel, 
Schmitz, E. Wenzel, Haimbach, Hoyer, Castle and Griffith. Honorary 
member: J. B. Smith. Meeting called to order at 9 P.M., President Bland 
in the chair. Dr. Griffith read a letter from Mr. George Stortz, of Newark, 
N. J., acknowledging receipt of amount in payment of the Social's share 
of the expense of the recent Jamesburg meeting and expressing the wish 
that the members would attend the field-meeting next year at Newark . Dr. 
Griffith mentioned the receipt by him of some Coleoptera from Coeur d f 
Alene, Idaho, which indicated a close faunal connection with Eureka, Cala. 
Mr. Boerner recorded the capture by C. A. Blake, of a specimen of Catc- 
cala relicta at Rosemont, Pa., on October 2oth. Dr. Castle exhibited 
some rare Coleoptera, including the following species: Toxotus vittigera, 
Leptnra vitiosus and cordifera, Acanthoderus decipiens, from the Blue 
Mountains of Pennsylvania, and Heterachites ebenus and Microrhopala 
melsheimeri, from Masonville, N. J. Mr. H. W. Wenzel reported Mono- 
crepidius vespertimis injuring beans. He had taken the species in large 
numbers on butter-beans at Atco, N. J., during the past Summer. Mr. 
Bland corroborated Mr. Wenzel's report, and in reply to Prof. Smith, 
who said that this species was not before known to have such habits, 
stated that the beans turned black in spots after being attacked. Mr. 
Laurent exhibited part of a collection of moths taken at North Wales, 
Pa., during the Summer months, and remarked on the apparent abundance 
the males of Plemyria fluviata in comparison to the females,, the latter 
being outnumbered in the collection 10 to i. He had always believed the 
contrary to the case. He further mentioned the following species in the 
lot as being not common to Pennsylvania: Cindaphia bicoloralis, Agrotis 
bicarnia and Pyrausta acrionalis. Prof. Smith made a communication 
on the modifications of the hairs of Hymenoptera and Diptera. The va- 
rious forms of hair were shown by black-board illustrations. In the bees 
the greatest modifications occur, the hairs differing in all the genera and 
even in allied species. Plumose, barbed, spined, spatulate and other 
forms were found by him. Their use is evidently to aid in the gathering 
of pollen. These modifications, he stated, occur also in the Diptera, 
which are not pollen-gatherers, except fortuitously, and for this reason he 
was unable to account for the similarity of structure in both orders. There 
being no further business the meeting adjourned to the annex. 

THEO. H. SCHMITZ, Secretary^ 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 331 

Xhie Hntornological Section 

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, PHILADELPHIA. 

PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS. 

OCTOBER 24, 1895. 

A regular stated meeting of the Entomological Section of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences was held in the Hall, S. W. cor.' Nineteenth and Race 
Streets, this evening, Dr. Geo. H. Horn, director, presiding. Meeting 
called to order at 8.05 P.M. Members present: Laurent, Welles, Fox, 
Seiss, Ridings, Liebeck, Skinner. Associates: Reinick, Boerner, Castle. 
Mr. Hornig, visitor. The Publication Committee reported in favor of 
the publication of the following papers: Descriptions of New Parasitic 
Hymenoptera, by W. H. Ashmead (paper No. 2). The Toxonomic 
Value of the Antennae of the Lepidoptera, a Thesis presented to the 
Faculty of Cornell University May i, 1895, for the degree of Doctor of 
Science, by Donaldson Bodine, with five plates. New North American 
Spiders and Mites, by Nathan Banks. Dr. Horn stated that he had re- 
cently received a letter from Mr. Hayward in which he stated that his 
paper on Bembidium would soon be ready for publication in the "Trans- 
actions" of the American Entomological Society. The speaker also men- 
tioned an interesting fact in geographical distribution. About six or eight 
years ago a gentleman went to Texas and sent home a few pill boxes 
which contained species of great interest; some being species only before 
found from Mexico and Central America. Mr. Wickham had recently 
sent specimens from Brownsville, Texas, among them being a Histerid 
and a Carabid not before found except in the region of Guatemala, and 
not in the intervening territory. Mr. Fox remarked on peculiar characr 
ters found in two new species of Gorytes: G. confcrtus and laminatus. 
He also called attention to a recent article by Mr. \\ . H. Patton in which 
that author had asserted Astatus elegans, bet/its and inoiitamis to be but 
forms of one variable species. Mr. Fox look exception to this view and 
pointed out the distinguishing characters of the three species. Mr. Hor- 
nig having lately been rearing the larger moths gave his opinions on the 
so called cocoon mimicry, and said light and air had much to do with the 
color of the cocoon. The Director announced the death of Dr. John 
Godlove Morris, on October loth, aged ninety-two years. The Director 
spoke iu a reminiscent way of Dr. Morris, stating, among other things, 
that he was at the time of his death the oldest entomologist in the United 
States, and that he was a friend of Say and the Melsheimers, father and 
son. Mr. W. J. Gerhard was unanimously elected an associate of the 
Section. Dr. HENRY SKINNER, Recorder. 



The following papers were read and accepted by the Committee for 
publication in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS : 



33 2 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES OF NOCTUID/E. 

By JOHN B. SMITH, Sc. D. 

From my correspondents I have received, in the course of the 
last year or two, a number of Noctuids which seem to be unde- 
scribed. As some of them are about to be distributed, or have 
been distributed under manuscript names, it is deemed best to 
present their descriptions at this time in advance of a more com- 
plete paper to be published in the "Transactions" of the Amer- 
ican Entomological Society. The plate contains figures of the 
species here described, and the specimens were all collected by 
Mr. F. H. Wolley Dod, Calgary, Canada. 

Noctua substrigata n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 4. Ground color of the head, 
thorax and primaries a rich blackish brown with a more or less marked 
greenish tinge along the costa. From the base to t. p. line is a yellow 
shade extending below the submedian vein to the t. a. line, then broad- 
ening to the median vein. This streak is more or less distinct, and is in- 
terrupted by the dark veins and sometimes also by dusky streaks through 
the intervals. The ordinary lines are well marked. The basal line is 
geminate, pale, marked with brown shades at each side. The t. a. line 
is formed of a narrow brown line, a very distinct, slightly broader yellow 
exterior line, and sometimes in turn by a deep brown or blackish shading. 
The line as a whole is sharply angulated on the subcostal vein and then 
runs inwardly oblique and somewhat incurved to the inner margin, be- 
coming indefinite through the yellowish color below the submedian vein. 
The t. p. line is yellowish, preceded by a dark shade, but no distinct line, 
and followed by a narrow, dusky line. In course it is rather even, but 
with a strong bend outwardly over the cell. The s. t. line is a little irreg- 
ular, marked by a blackish preceding shade which gradually fades into 
the ground color before the t. p. line. The terminal space is clear brown, 
crossed by the dusky veins and marked at the base of the fringes by a 
series of small, inter-spacial dots. There is a blackish blotch in the basal 
space below the median vein. The claviform is of a moderate size, out- 
lined in black, centered with the brown ground color. The ordinary spots 
are distinct and large; the orbicular is oblique and oblong; the reniform 
kidney-shaped. In both cases the spots are outlined in black, and the cell 
is blackish before and between the spots; the secondaries are smoky, pale 
towards the base; beyond the middle there is an indefinite pale line, and 
at the end of the cell is a small dusky lunule. On the underside the wings 
are powdery gray with a more or less evidently marked extra-median 
line and sometimes a little reproduction of the s. t. line. The head is 
gray in front, as are also the tips of the palpi; the collar is gray tipped, 
and the edges of the patagise are also more or less pale marked; the ab- 
domen is of the color of the hind wings. Expands 32-38 mm.; 1.28-1.52 
inches. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 333 

Hab. Calgary. Mr. Dod has sent me seveial specimens of 
this insect which seems to be not uncommon at Calgary in July 
and August. This species is quite unlike anything else in our 
fauna and should be easily recognizable from the description. 
The very even, pale median lines and the pale streak through the 
lower part of the median space are quite characteristic. 

Noctua atricincta n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 3. General color a very pale ash- 
gray, more or less powdery. The collar is blackish or brown at the base, 
the thorax is immaculate. On the primaries the ordinary lines are sin- 
gle, variably evident, blackish and diffuse. The basal line is sometimes 
distinct, sometimes marked only by a costal spot. T. a. line outwardly 
oblique and rather even in course, usually fairly well defined; but some- 
times marked on the costa only. T. p. line forming a rather broad out- 
curve and tolerably even. It is traceable in all the specimens that I have 
seen, but in one at least, which is figured, the contrast is very slight in- 
deed. The s. t. line is marked by a dusky preceding shade, merging into 
the ground color before the t p. line is reached. On specimens in which 
this shade is best marked it forms the most prominent feature, and the 
median lines are indistinct. There is a traceable median shade, but it is 
not complete in any of my specimens and is diffuse in all. At the base 
of the fringes there is a broken terminal line. The claviform is wanting; 
the orbicular is absent or barely indicated, and the reniform is a small, 
black, lunate mark, sometimes emphasized by a whitish dot inwardly. 
The secondaries are white in both sexes, a little dusky toward the apices. 
Beneath, the primaries are smoky, the secondaries white, powdered at 
the costal margin with gray. Expands 35-38 mm.; 1.40-1.52 inches. 

Hab. Calgary, in July. This species resembles lubricans in 
general appearance, and is an ally of that species. I have a 
specimen from Volga, S. Dakota, which is, 1 think, the same; 
but it is somewhat better marked and rather darker, and may 
possibly represent a distinct species. It seems to be not uncom- 
mon, judging from the number of specimens sent me. 

Noctua patefacta n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 2. The ground color is a rich, dark 
purplish brown, and tolerably even. The palpi are darker at the sides 
and the collar is broadly black, or very dark chestnut-brown at base, 
limited above by a narrow yellowish shade line. The primaries vary 
somewhat in the depth of the ground, being sometimes almost chestnut 
brown and again of a purplish smoky tint. The ordinary lines are not 
well defined, but all are easily traceable. Basal line black, followed by a 
few paler scales. T. a line black, interrupted, irregular in width, Insinuate 
in course and preceded by either a few pale scales, or by a more or less 
obvious pale line. T. p. line faint, slightly paler than ground color, out- 
curved over the reniform and very evenly oblique below that point. It 
is somewhat defined by very feebly marked dark lines, and inwardly there 



334 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

is a tendency to add blackish scales until, in one specimen, we have a 
fragmentary, narrow preceding shade. The s. t. line is pale, obvious in 
all the specimens, defined by a perceptibly darker s. t. shading. The 
terminal space is very even in color, sometimes a little paler than the rest 
of the wing, and there is a hardly perceptible series of terminal lunules. 
A vague, dusky, median shade is traceable in some specimens. The or- 
dinary spots are all marked by distinct, narrow, yellowish lines, and these 
form the most prominent feature in the wing; the interior of the spots is 
of the ground color, leaving the pale outlines very distinct. The clavi- 
form is of good size and extends fully half way across the median space. 
The orbicular and reniform are both of good size, of characteristic form, 
and are connected inferiorly, the lines defining the two spots being con- 
tinuous, so that we have a true fusion of the spots and not an accidental 
joining. The secondaries are dull, smoky brown in both sexes, but a 
little paler toward the base. As usual the fringes are pale, with a dusky 
interline. The underside is smoky, the hind wings paler and more pow- 
dered, and on both wings a more or less obvious outer line is apparent. 
Expands 30-37 mm.; 1.20-1.50 inches. 

Hab. Calgary, June to August. 

Mr. Dod sends me six specimens, evenly distributed as to sex 
under the number 59, and states that the specimens were " com- 
mon at Treacle in '94." 

The species is a very well 'marked one and cannot easily be 
mistaken. I omitted to say, in the description, that the space 
between the ordinary spots above the bend of the junction is 
black, and this feature, with the narrow pale rings defining the 
confluent spots gives the insect a characteristic appearance. Its 
nearest ally we find in bicarnea, than which this species is some- 
what narrower winged, but of much the same ground color and 
with approximately the same general pattern of marking. 

Carneades recticincta n. sp. PI. xv, fig. /. Ground color a very pale 
straw-yellow, with a dash of luteous. Head, thorax and abdomen, im- 
maculate. Primaries with all the ordinary lines indistinct, barely trace- 
able as slightly paler shadings; all the lines indicated on the costa by 
single, black dots. The location of the s. t. line is feebly marked by a 
few blackish scales. The claviform is not traceable. The orbicular is 
faintly marked by a slightly paler ring. The reniform is obscured by a 
rather broad, blackish band, which crosses the wing through the outer 
portion of the median space. This band has an irregular inner margin 
which is, however, well defined; outwardly it is rather diffuse, and limited 
principally by the location of the t. p. line. Secondaries white, or nearly 
so, a little dusky outwardly, and with a fairly distinct, discal lunule. On 
the underside the secondaries are silky with a very faint yellowish tinge. 
The primaries are also whitish, but the disc is smoky, or at least gray in 
shade. Expands 34 mm.; 1.36 inches. 



1 895.] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 335 

Hab. Calgary, in 1894. 

Mr. Dod states that this is a unique. The specimen is a female, 
but is so characteristic that there can be little doubt of its location. 
It plainly belongs to that section of Carneade s of which messoria 
is typical, and it belongs to that particular series of which my pe- 
dalis is a good example. The insect is very simply marked, and 
should be recognized without much difficulty. 

Carneades vulpina n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 5. The general ground color is 
dull ashen gray; the head and thorax immaculate, with the vestiture 
somewhat loose, hairy and divergent; the primaries with none of the 
markings distinct and all the lines just barely traceable by slightly paler 
or darker scales. There is a somewhat better marked dusky median 
shade, and the series of pale s. t. dots are fairly visible in certain lights. 
The ordinary spots are quite distinct, but undefined ; the orbicular is 
small, pale ringed, with a dotted center of the ground color. The reni- 
form is marked by two parallel pale lines defining the inner and outer 
margins, the upper and lower borders being not traceable in my speci- 
men. The secondaries are a little paler in shade than the primaries, and 
on the underside we have a yet paler tinting, also without definite macu- 
lation. Expands 37 mm.; 1.50 inches. 

Hab. Calgary, September 2oth, "Treacle." 

This is the number 18 of Mr. Dod's list, and he says that " it 
is probably unique." The antennae are long and the serrations 
are not particularly well marked, but evident. It belongs in the 
bostoniensis section of the messoria group, in which the vestiture 
is hairy and the markings are not well defined. In this section 
we also find the tendency to unusually long antennae. The insect 
bears a curious resemblance to certain faded gray forms of Leu- 
cania unipuncta. 

Carn'eades acornis n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 6. Ground color a rather pale 
grayish luteous; head and thorax immaculate; primaries with all the mark- 
ings indistinct and barely traceable. The ordinary lines can be detected 
on close examination as slightly darker shades, and the s. t. line is fairly 
well marked. The ordinary spots are very faintly outlined and of a 
slightly paler shade. There is a vague trace of a median line, but at first 
glance the wings seem to be without any markings at all. Secondaries 
whitish, with a fairly marked submarginal blackish shading, and a dusky 
Inutile. On the underside both pairs wings are very faint pearly gray, 
with a rather well-marked blackish discal spot; the primaries a little 
darker. Expands 40 mm.; i. 60 inches. 

Hab. Edge Calgary, Aug. 23, 1894, at light. 

The specimen is a male, and seems to be a unique. It \\a- 
sent me as "perhaps Carneades corn's," but it cannot be that 



336 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

species nor any other with which I am acquainted. There is the 
barest possibility that it may be the female of the species just 
previously described, that is, C. vulpina, but I do not consider 
it in the least likely. It would seem as if this species was best 
placed in the pitychrous section as a somewhat remote ally of 
citricolor. 

Carneades servitus n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 8. The ground color is bluish 
gray; the collar marked by a transverse black line, below which it is 
paler; but otherwise the head and thorax are concolorous. The prima- 
ries are rather contrastingly marked, and all the ordinary maculation is 
visible in an imperfect condition. The pale ground color extends along 
the costa, and through the median cell to the end of the reniform, ob- 
literating the orbicular entirely and leaving the reniform defined by a little 
triangular black spot. Below this bright gray streak the median space is 
darker in color, smoky or blackish, and in the basal space there is a 
blackish blotch below the median vein that darkens this space inferiorly. 
The basal line is single and blackish, marked on the costa only. The 
t. a. line is single, outwardly oblique, blackish, but not marked through 
the costal region. The t. p. line is single, dark, outcurved over the reni- 
form and then evenly oblique to the hind margin. The s. t. line is not 
well marked in the male, defined by the darker terminal space and two 
broken preceding shades, giving a little the appearance of pale streaks 
on veins 3 and 4; but in the female the terminal space is of the ground 
color and the preceding shades are brown and rather vague. There is a 
dusky terminal line, followed by a paler line at the base of the fringes. 
The claviform is well marked and extends nearly across the median space, 
the outline rather indefinite. The ordinary spots have been already de- 
scribed. The secondaries are immaculate, smoky, with a yellowish tinge 
in the male, which is absent in the female. On the underside both wings 
are of the same shade as the upperside of the secondaries, and there is a 
partial outer line on each, with a traceable discal lunule on the seconda- 
ries. Expands 30-31 mm.; 1.20-1.25 inches. 

Hab. Male, Colorado, Bruce, No. 418; female, Calgary, 1894, 
No. 38. 

I have had the male of this species in my collection for some 
time, but placed it rather doubtfully as an extreme variety of 
redimicula, as the type of maculation is decidedly similar, and 
the species belongs to that series. The receipt of a female from 
Calgary inclines me to the belief that we have a distinct species, 
for the peculiarities of the male are carried still further in the 
other sex; yet it would not surprise me if, in the event, my orig- 
inal belief proved to be correct. As species go, however, I believe 
at present that this is fairly well marked. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEVY'S. 337 

Mamestra gussata n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 9. General color a warm reddish 
gray, varying somewhat in the specimens, and sometimes becoming 
brown. The head and thorax are immaculate, but the scales are a little 
gray tipped, giving the vestiture a hoary appearance. The ordinary lines 
are evident, but not well marked. The basal line is denned in some 
specimens, and is black, reaching to the submedian vein and there bent 
inward to the base, so that we have the appearance of a short basal streak ; 
in some specimens it is marked only at this point. The t. a. line is well 
removed from the base, forms three evident outcurves and is, as a whole, 
outwardly convex. It is black, preceded by a slightly paler shade, and 
occasionally this is inwardly limited by a few dusky scales. The t. p. line 
is pale, inwardly defined by dusky scales, which become blackish lunules 
below the median vein in some specimens. It is sometimes almost obso- 
lete opposite the cell, is tolerably even, widely bent over the reniform 
and then strongly incurved below that point, so that the median space 
becomes very narrow, inferiorly. The s. t. line is well marked and pale, 
in some specimens preceded by a distinct dusky shade, which, however, 
is sometimes absent; occasionally the line is defined only by a somewhat 
dark terminal space. There is a very narrow terminal line. The clavi- 
form is evident and extends across the median space in the form of a black 
streak. The orbicular is large, oval, oblique, gray in color, defined In- 
black scales; and usually the space between the t. a. line and the orbicular 
is dusky. The reniform is also large, gray, a little constricted centrally, 
black margined inwardly, but sometimes indefinite outwardly. Seconda- 
ries smoky, sometimes with a reddish tint, but without distinct markings. 
Beneath pale smoky, the secondaries with a blackish discal soot more or 
less marked. Expands 30-38 mm.; 1.20-1.52 inches. 

Hab. Calgary, in April. 

Mr. Dod writes concerning this species that it is " not rare at 
Sallows, end of April." Five specimens from the basis of the 
above description, and in a general way the insect resembles lus- 
tralis in appearance. The antennae in the male have the joints 
marked and set at the sides with tufts of bristles. They would 
thus be called somewhat serrated and bristle-tufted. 

Mamestra ingravis n. sp. PI. xv, fig. 10. Ground color a rather deep 
lilac gray, with hoary powderings and tippings to the vestiture of the tho- 
rax. The collar is marked with a more or less well defined, median black 
band, below which an obvious reddish tinge prevails. The thorax has a 
distinct divided anterior tuft, and a less defined posterior tuft resembling 
somewhat the tufting in PID purissata; the abdominal tufting is also dis- 
tinct. The primaries have all the markings obvious, and there is con- 
siderable contrast between the different parts of the wing. In a general 
way the basal space is paler, with an obvious lilac tinge; the median space 
is darker, tending to blackish. The s. t. space decidedly contrasting and 
has a more or less marked lilac suffusion. The terminal space is darker 



338 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

gray, but in some specimens has also a distinct bluish tinge. The basal 
line is geminate, the defining lines not well marked; the center gray until 
the submedian space is reached, when it becomes yellow and makes a 
sudden turn to the base, forming thus an obvious loop. The t. a. line is 
also geminate, the included space of the ground color or a little paler, the 
preceding line only a little dusky and narrow; the following line black and 
evident. As a whole the line is outcurved, forming three evident lunula- 
tions. The t. p. line is marked chiefly by the difference in color between 
the median and s. t. spaces, but there is also a more or less obvious outer 
shade line, leaving a vague, included pale space. The line is even, as a 
whole moderately bent over the cell, and distinctly incurved below. The 
s. t. line is yellow, prominent, forming a feebly marked W on veins 3 and 
4. It is preceded by a brown shade and by more or less obvious black 
sagittate marks before the W. The shade merges into the lilac suffusion 
of the wing. There is a series of black terminal lunules. The dark 
fringes are cut with pale on the veins. The claviform is a little paler than 
the ground color, variable in size, blackish and pale ringed, and with a 
darker or even black shade extending across the median space from it. 
The ordinary spots are distinct, of moderate size, of the pale ground 
color, internally ringed with pale or bluish, and with a narrow outer de- 
fining ring of black scales. The orbicular is oval and oblique. The 
reniform oblong and only a little drawn in outwardly; the secondaries are 
smoky, a little paler toward the base and with a more or less obvious 
discal lunule. Beneath the wings are purplish; the primaries smoky on 
the disc, both with an outer dark line and an evident discal spot. Ex- 
pands 32-35 mm.; 1.28-1.42 inches. 
Hab. Calgary, in May. 

I have a male and female specimen from Mr. Dod, who writes 
concerning this species, " not rare last May." One specimen is 
marked "light." I have also a specimen which I believe to be 
of this species taken by Mr. Bruce in Garfield County, Colorado, 
at an' elevation of 6000 feet and bearing his number, 739. It is, 
however, a somewhat faded and partially imperfect specimen, and 
I would scarcely like to say positively that it is the same species. 
Of the specimens sent by Mr. Dod, the female, the largest of all 
the specimens, is very bright and contrastingly colored. The 
male, which was sent in a paper unset, is defective, and the col- 
oring is not nearly so contrasting. There seems to be a little 
difference in the angulation of the s. t. line and the consequent 
distinctness of the "W," but no more, so I think, 'than is found 
in cristifera, to which this species is allied in wing form and a 
little in the general type of maculation. 

Mamestra larissa n. sp. PI. xv, fig. n. The ground color is ashen gray 
with a tendency to a darker suffusion. The head and collar inferiorly, 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 339 

are paler gray or ashen, a black line bounding pale part of the collar su- 
periorly. The scales of the thorax are pale tipped, the patagiae are black- 
ish margined; the tuftings are fairly well marked, but not at all prominent, 
and the abdominal tuftings are distinct, if not contrasting. On the prima- 
ries all the maculation is present, and there is no very strong contrast, 
though the median space is a little darker than the rest of the wing. The 
basal line is geminate, black and broken. The t. a. line is also geminate, 
its parts rather widely separated, the inner portion only a little darker, 
the outer blackish. The t. p. line is indefinite for the upper part of its 
course, but is vaguely geminate and outcurved over the reniform. Below 
the median vein the line is defined by an inner, curved black mark, which, 
with a little outward angle or vein, one reaches the inner margin. The 
s. t. line is pale, fairly distinct, with two outward curves and a little inward 
tooth opposite the anal angle. The line is preceded by a little darker 
shading, which, in the submedian inter-space, becomes rather prominent 
and defined, and here also there is a dusky shade following the line. In 
other words, there is a dusky, broad streak, which is cut by the contrast- 
ingly pale line. The s. t. space is darker on the costa, and is a little ir- 
regularly mottled. There is a narrow, black, terminal line, and the fringes 
are interlined with smoky and cut with pale opposite the veins; the ordi- 
nary spots are distinct; the claviform is outlined in black and extends 
nearly across the median space; the orbicular is round or nearly so, black 
margined, with a bright yellowish annulus and a brown dotted center. 
The reniform is large, kidney-shaped, not well marked outwardly, but 
with a distinct black inner border or lunule. The secondaries are whitish 
in the male, smoky in the female, with a discal lunule faintly marked. 
Beneath, both wings are gray and powdery, a little smoky in the female, 
and there is a more or less obvious outer line. Expands 27-28 mm.; 
i. 08-1.12 inches. 

Hab. Calgary, June 2d and 5th. 

Mr. Dod sends me, under the number 48, one male and one 
female, and says that it is "rare at Treacle, June." The female 
seems a trifle larger than the male, and is a little broader winged. 
It is also a little more sordid in appearance, and looks as if it 
were a little greasy. The male is a bright specimen, and reminds 
me at first sight of Litholomia napce. The species belongs in the 
series with vicina, but differs from all the forms of that species 
represented in my collection by the absence of a black basal 
streak, though there is an indication ol this in the new species 
where the basal line turns toward the root of the wing on the 
submedian vein. 



340 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [December, 

EXPLANATION OF PLATE XV. 



i. Acronycta pyralis n. sp. 9. Mamestra gussata n. sp. 

2. Noctua patefacta n. sp. 10. ingravis n. sp. 

3. " atricincta n. sp. n. larissa n. sp. 

4. " substrigata n. sp. 12. Neuronia americana Smith. 

5. Carneades vulpina n. sp. 13. Xylophasia contradicta n. sp. 

6. " acornis n. sp. 14. versuta n. sp. 

7. " recticincta n. sp. 15. ffouiohadena sfabilis n. sp. 

8. servitus n. sp. 16. Devatrabean.^. 

17. Plusia insolita n. sp. 

o 

NOTE ON THE LARVA OF HARRISIMEMNA. 

By HARRISON G. DYAR. 

We have two recognizable figures and a general description 
of this larva (ff. trisignata Walk.), but no exact account of the 
arrangement of its setae. Consequently Mr. Grote was recently 
in doubt as to whether it should be placed in the Apatelidae, a 
family defined on larval characters (Abhandl. des naturwissen- 
schaft. Vereins zu Bremen, xiv, 15). The larva occurs rarely on 
lilac and Ilex, and I have before me a specimen obtained on the 
latter plant by Mr. Doll. The setae are in the condition result- 
ing from a degeneration from a typical wart formation. In most 
exposed parts of the body the normal tubercles bear but a single 
seta, but tubercle vi bears many setae, and there is a crown of 
hairs around tubercle iv on joint 13. It will prove that the warts 
are much better developed in the younger stages, which I have 
not seen. On the humped up and prominent portions of the 
body (joints 5-7 and 12) the tubercles are produced and arise 
from large corneous areas, i and ii being nearly in line and curi- 
ously approximated. In the middle region the tubercles are 
small. The hairs from the thorax are long and coarse, those 
from the anterior edge of the shield remain entangled in the cast 
case, and, as the shield remains attached to the head, the curious 
string of cast heads results. The larva is one of the oddest of 
the Apatelidae and would well repay a careful study of all its 
stages to one having the opportunity. 



OBITUARY. 

LADISLAUS DUDA, Professor at the Gymnasium of Prag, died at that 
place in August last. He was well known by his researches on the hem- 
ipterous fauna of Bohemia. 

JULES FERDINAND FALLOW died in Paris on June igth, aged 83 years. 
ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for November, was mailed October 31, 1895. 



\i:ws, \u\. VT. 



1M. XV. 




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privilege of naming special rates. 

Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON, MASS., 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 

: HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL,, 

San Pedro Snla, Honduras, Cent. Am. 

BUTTERFLIES FOR SALE. 

Many exceedingly rare species in fine condition. Schools and Colleges 
supplied with accurately-named collections. Send for price-list. 

C. B. 7TMRON, 

702 N. 43d Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BUTTERFLIES OF NORTH AMERICA. 

Part XV, Vol. Ill, will issue about May ist, 1894. Contents : Argynnis 
astarte Doubleday (Victoria Edw.) and first stages; Argynnis alberta, Chio- 
nobas subhyalina, C. norna, C. semidea and stages. Three plates. Price 12.25. 
Vol. I, bound $40; Vol. II, $45. 

Apply to HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN & CO., Cambridge, Mass. 



TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 





VOL.. VI. 



No. 3. 




Entomological News 




Pamphila ethlius. 



MARCH, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE : 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. CHARLES A. BLAKE. 

EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES LIEBECK. 

Rev. HENRY C. McCooK, D.D. 




PHILADELPHIA : 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OF 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 




Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 



Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and the American 
Entomological Society. 

Annual subscription $1.OO, in advance. 

(Outside of the United States and Canada, $1.20) 

Advertising Rates : 30 cents per square inch, single insertion; a liberal 
discount on longer insertions. No advertisement taken for less than 60 cents. 
Cash in advance. 

p&~ All remittances should be addressed to E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 
P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BACK VOLUMES. 

Those who have not a complete set of Entomological News should obtain 
the wanting volumes now, especially of volumes i and 2. The prices are: 

Volume I (1890), $1.50; II (1891), $2.00; III (1892), IV (1893) and V (1894), 
each $1.00 per copy. 

Address: E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Publications. 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 ... $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 

Synopsis of Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 3.00 

Check List of Lepirtoptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 i.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidae of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to . . 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Sctulder (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . . . i.oo 
Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts . .50 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. i.oo 

Smith (J. B.) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidae 

found in Boreal America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., S vo. 2.50 
- Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 

idee; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi. . -75 

Neumoeg'eii and Dyar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontidae, 1894, 30 pp. 5 

Price-Lists of other entomological papers may be had on application. 

The above sent on receipt of price by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 



New Publications. 

Coleoptera. Catalogue of the Coleoptera of Alaska, with the synonymy 

and distribution, by John Hamilton, M.D., 1894, 38 pp. . . .50 

Revision of the genera and species of Desmori of N. Am. by Wm. G. 

Dietz, M.D., 1894, 66 pp., 2 pi. 75 

Sent on receipt of price, by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

LIST OF COLEOPTERA; 

A complete SUPPLEMENT to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera of America 
north of Mexico (1885), is now in press and will soon be issud. It will include 
all additions and corrections given in the first and second Supplements, now out 
of print, and be complete to the end of 1894. Orders for copies will receive 
prompt attention. Price 5O CEBITS per copy. 

Address E. T. CRES80N, Treasurer, 

P. BOX 248, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

FflR ^Al F Pseudohazis eglanterina c?cJ\ in papers; single specimens 
wr^tL, 2Q cen t s . p er d ozerij $3.00; per loo, $10.00. Halesidota 
edwardsii, in papers, 25 cents each. Also 800 Pacific coast Coleoptera, cor- 
rectly named, on cards. Send for price lists. 

L. E. RICKSECKEB, 

Occidental, Sonoma County, Cala. 

BOGATA LEPJDOPTERA 

in original lots, by the hundred or thousand. 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON, 



A copy, unbound, of Strecker's Lepidoptera, 17 parts, with colored plates, 
issued at 50 cents each part. One copy, plainly bound, of Staudinger's cata- 
logue of European Lepidoptera. To the highest bidder: offers to be addressed to 

JOHN B. SMITH, New Brunswick, N. J. 
A. SMITH & SONS, 269 PEARL STREET, NEW YORK. 

DUNOTACTURF.RS AND IMPORTERS OF 

GOODS FOR ENTOMOLOGISTS, 

Klaeger and Carlsbad Insect Pins, Setting 

Boards > Folding Nets, Locality and 
Special Labels, Forceps, Sheet Cork, Etc. 
Other articles are being added, Send for List. 




P. C. STOCKHAU8EN, ENTOMOLOGICAL PRINTER 55 N. 7TH Si , PHILA. PA. 




INSECT PlflS. 

KLAEGER. Standard make ; bright or japanned. 

Sizes No. oo to 5 in papers of 500 each; No. 6 and larger, 250 each. Sent 
postpaid to any part of the United States and Canada at $1.05 per thousand in 
original packages, at $1.25 in broken lots. 

CARLSBADER. Bright or japanned, same price as for KLAEGER'S. 

ENGLISH. Short, for Micro-Lepidoptera, per half ounce $1.52 postpaid 

(about 1450 in a package). 
SHEET PEAT. ^ x 4 x 12, 53 cents per dozen, postpaid; $3.50 per gross. 

Express extra. 

To colleges and other parties ordering in large quantities, I request the 
privilege of naming special rates. 

Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON, MASS., 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Snla, Honduras, Cent. Am. 

BUTTERFLIES FOR SALE. 

Many exceedingly rare species in fine condition. Schools and Colleges 
supplied with accurately-named collections. Send for price-list. 

C. B. TfHRON, 

702 N. 43d Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BUTTERFLIES OF NORTH AMERICA. 

Part XV, Vol. Ill, will issue about May ist, 1894. Contents : Argynnis 
astarte Doubleday {Victoria Edw.) and first stages; Argynnis alberta, Chio- 
nobas subhyalina, C. norna, C. semidea and stages. Three plates. Price 12.25. 
Vol. I, bound $40; Vol. II, $45. 

Apply to HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN & CO., Cambridge, Mass. 



TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 





VOL.. VI. 



No. 4. 




Entomological News 




APRIL, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE : 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES A. BLAKE. 
Rev. HENRY C. McCooK, D.D. CHARLFS LIEBECK. 




PHILADELPHIA : 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OF 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 




Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 



Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and the American 
Entomological Society. 

Annual subscription $1.OO, in advance. 

(Outside of the United States and Canada, $1.20) 

Advertising Rates : 30 cents per square inch, single insertion; a liberal 
discount on longer insertions. No advertisement taken for less than 60 cents. 
Cash in advance. 

&&~ All remittances should be addressed to E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 
P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BACK VOLUMES. 

Those who have not a complete set of Entomological News should obtain 
the wanting volumes now, especially of volumes i and 2. The prices are: 

Volume I (1890), $1.50; II (1891), $2.00; III (1892), IV (1893) and V (1894), 
each $ i.oo per copy. 

Address: E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Publications. 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 

Synopsis of Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 3.00 

Check List of Lepidoptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 i.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidae of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Scudder (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . . . i.oo 
Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts 50 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. . . . i.oo 

Smith (J. B.) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidse 

found in Boreal America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., 8 vo. 2.50 

Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 

idae; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi ... .75 

Neumoeg'eii and Dyar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontidas, 1894, 30 pp. 50 

Price-Lists of other entomological papers may be had on application. 
The above sent on receipt of price by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 



New Publications. 

Coleoptera. Catalogue of the Coleoptera of Alaska, with the synonymy 

and distribution, by John Hamilton, M.D., 1894, 38 pp. . . .50 

Revision of the genera and species of Desmori of N. Am. by Wm. G. 

Dietz, M.D., 1894, 66 pp., 2 pi. 75 

Sent on receipt of price, by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

LIST OF COLEOPTERA! 

A complete SUPPLEMENT to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera of America 
north of Mexico (1885), is now in press and will soon be issued. It will include 
all additions and corrections given in the first and second Supplements, now out 
of print, and be complete to the end of 1894. Orders for copies will receive 
prompt attention. Price 5O CENTS per copy. 

Address . T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 

P. 0. BOX 248, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

COMPRKSSED CORK 

For lining Insect Boxes and Cabinet Drawers. Best and cheapest. For 
sale by 

BREHME & STENGELE, 
Send for Sample. 41 Centre St., Newark, N. J. 

BOGATA LEPIDOPTERA 

in original lots, 'by the hundred or thousand. 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON, 7VTMSS. 
BUTTERPLV-NETS. 

The silk nets of Graf-Kriisi, with 4-jointed steel rings, made to fit any stick 
were awarded the only diploma and first-class medal at the Vienna Exhibition. 
Price, post-free ; size G, $1.25 ; size K, $1.00. Cash in advance. A large stock 
of European and Exotic Lepidoptera. My new price list sent post-free to any 
address on application. 

GRAF-KRUSI, Gais, near St. Gall, SWITZERLAND. 
A. SMITH & SONS, 269 PEARL STREET, NEW YORK. 

MANUFACTURERS AAD IMPORTERS OP 

GOODS FOR EHTOMOLOGISTS, 

|f Klaeger and Carlsbad Insect Pins, Setting 

Boards, Folding Nets, Locality and 
Special Labels, Forceps, Sheet Cork, Etc. 
Other articles are being added, Send for List. 



JOINTED 
FOLDING NET 




P.C. STOCKHAUBEN, ENTOMOLOGICAL PRINTER 55 N. 7rn ST , PHIL*. PA. 



INSECT 




KLAEGER. Standard make ; bright or japanned. 

Sizes No. oo to 5 in papers of 500 each; No. 6 and larger, 250 each. Sent 
postpaid to any part of the United States and Canada at f 1.05 per thousand in 
original packages, at $1.25 in broken lots. 

CARLSBADER. Bright or japanned, same price as for KLAEGER'S. 

ENGLISH. Short, for Micro- Lepidoptera, per half ounce $1.52 postpaid 

(about 1450 in a package). 
SHEET PEAT. H * 4 * 12, 53 cents per dozen, postpaid; 13.50 per gross. 

Express extra. 

To colleges and other parties ordering in large quantities, I request the 
privilege of naming special rates. 

Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON, MASS., 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Sula, Honduras, Cent. Am. 

BUTTERFLIES FOR SALE. 

Many exceedingly rare species in fine condition. Schools and Colleges 
supplied with accurately-named collections. Send for price-list. 

C. B. 7SMRON, 

702 N. 43d Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BUTTERFLIES OF NORTH AMERICA. 

Part XV, Vol. Ill, will issue about May ist, 1894. Contents : Argynnis 
astarte Doubleday {Victoria Edw.) and first stages; Argynnis alberta, Chio- 
nobas subhyalina, C. norna, C. semidea and stages. Three plates. Price $2. 25. 
Vol. I, bound $40; Vol. II, $45. 

Apply to HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN & CO., Cambridge, Mass. 



TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 





VOL.. VI. 



No. 5. 




Entomological News 




Dorcas brevis 



MAY, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE : 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES A. BLAKE. 
Rev. HSNRY C. McCooK, D.D. CHARLES LIEBECK. 




PHILADELPHIA : 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OK 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 

Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 




Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and the American 
Entomological Society. 

Annual subscription $1.OO, in advance. 

(Outside of the United States and Canada. $1.20) 

Advertising Rates: 30 cents per square inch, single insertion; a liberal 
discount on longer insertions. No advertisement taken for less than 60 cents. 
Cash in advance. 

p^r- All remittances should be addressed to E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 
P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BACK VOLUMES. 

Those who have not a complete set of Entomological News should obtain 
the wanting volumes now, especially of volumes i and 2. The prices are: 

Volume I (1890), $1.50; II (1891), $2.00; III (1892), IV (1893) and V (1894), 
each $1.00 per copy. 

Address. E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Publications. 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 
Supplement to same, 1895 50 

Synopsis ot Hyineuoptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 3.00 

Check List of Lepidoptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 i.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidse of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Scuclcler (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . . . i.oo 
Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts 50 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. . . i.oo 

Sniitli(J. B.) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidse 

found in Bore il America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., 8 vo. 2.50 

Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 

idae; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi. . . -75 

Neumoeg'en and Dyar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontidae, 1894, 30 pp. ..... .50 

Price-Lists of other entomological papers may be had on application. 

The above sent on receipt of price by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 



New Publications. 

Coleoptera. Catalogue of the Coleoptera of Alaska, with the synonymy 

and distribution, by John Hamilton, M.D., 1894, 38 pp. . . .50 

- Revision of the genera and species of Desmori of N. Am. by Wm. G. 

Dietz, M.D., 1894, 66pp., 2 pi. ........ 75 

Sent on receipt of price, by 

E. T. CHESSOX, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

NOW READY. 

A complete SUPPLE3IENT to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera of America 
north of Mexico (1885), is now ready for delivery. It includes all additions and 
corrections given in the first and second Supplements, now out of print, and is 
complete to the end of 1894. Orders for copies will receive prompt attention. 
Price 5O CENTS per copy. 

Address E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 

P. 0. BOX 248, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

COMPRESSED CORK 

For lining Insect Boxes and Cabinet Drawers. Best and cheapest. For 
sale by 

BREHME & STENGELE, 
Send for Sample. 41 Centre St., Newark, N. J. 



FOR 

Bogota Nocturnal Moths, assorted species, $5.00 per 100, in papers. 

Itliomias, assorted kinds, $3.00 per 100. 

Bogota Butterflies, in papers. Lots to suit buyers. 

F. CORMACK, 

1O East 14th St., New York. 



The silk nets of Graf-Kriisi, with 4-jointed steel rings, made to fit any stick 
were awarded the only diploma and first-class medal at the Vienna Exhibition. 
Price, post-free ; size G, $1.25 ; size K, $1.00. Cash in advance. A large stock 
of European and Exotic Lepidoptera. My new price list sent post-free to any 
address on application. 

GRAF-KRUSI, Gai.s, near St. Gall, SWITZERLAND. 
A. SMITH & SONS, 269 PEAUL STREET, NEW YORK. 

J^K. HANTFACTIIRERS AND IMPORTERS OF 

' GOODS FOR ENTOMOLOGISTS, 

m Klaeger and Carlsbad Insect Pins, Setting 
:;. ,' Boards, Folding Nets, Locality and 
FOLDING NET k v.4/ Special Labels, Forceps, Sheet Cork, Etc. 
Other articles are being added, Send for List. 





P. C. STOCKHAUSEN. ENTOMOLOGICAL PRINTER 55 N. ?TH ST , PHILA. PA 



JOINTED FOLDING NET. 

SOMETHING NEW. The strongest, lightest, cheapest and best in 
every way, of any net frame on the market. The hoop folds 

Eerfectly flat, and in the smallest compass. The detachable 
amboo handle is jointed in the centre, and all is packed in a 
neat canvas cover, and sent to any part of the U. S. or Canada, 
for $1.50. Postpaid. 

NETS FOR SAME. 

BUTTERFLY, 35 cents each. Postage .01 

BEATING, 35 " " -01 

DREDGING, 35 -i 

KILLING TUBES FOR COLEOPTERISTS. 

Size \" by 4 // . ready charged, 15 cents. Postage .05 

INSECT PINS. 

KLAEGER, 34 or 39 mm., bright or japanned. 
CARLSBADER, 39 mm., bright or japanned. 

SHORT ENGLISH, for MICRO-LEPIDOPTERA, all at lowest 
market prices. 

SHEET PEAT. y% x 4 x 12, | .53 per dozen. Postpaid. 

3.50 " gross, express extra. 

CONES. $1.00 per hundred, postpaid. Special rates on larger quantities. 
Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON MASS. 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Sula, Honduras, Cent. Ara. 

FflR ^ A I F The collection of the late Mr - Oliver J- Staley, of Marshall, 
lUn OrAa-L. con taining 588 mounted (of which 100 are unnamed) 



and 290 papered specimens of native and exotic Lepidoptera. Address his 
brother, Mr. Silas Staley, Marshall, Saline County, Mo. 

, BUTTERFLIES OF NORTH AMERICA. 

Part XV, Vol. Ill, will issue about May ist, 1894. Contents : Argynnis 
.astarte Doubleday (Victoria Edw.) and first stages; Argynnis alberta, Chio- 
nobas siibhyalina, C. norna, C. semidea and stages. Three plates. Price $2.25. 
Vol. I, bound $40; Vol. II, $45. 

Apply to HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN & CO., Cambridge, Mass. 



CTOIEHIIbT 

TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 





VOL.. VI. 



No. 6. 




Entomological News 




-o- 



JUNE, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE : 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES A. BLAKE. 
Rev. HENRY C. McCooK, D.D. CHARLES LIEBECK. 




PHILADELPHIA : 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OF 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 




Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 





Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and the American 
Entomological Society. 

Annual subscription $1.OO, in advance. 

(Outside of the United States and Canada, $1.20) 

Advertising Rates: 30 cents per square inch, single insertion; a liberal 
discount on longer insertions. No advertisement taken for less than 60 cents. 
Cash in advance. 

ym~ All remittances should be addressed to E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 
P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BACK VOLUMES. 

Those who have not a complete set of Entomological News should obtain 
the wanting volumes now, especially of volumes i and 2. The prices are: 

Volume I (1890), $1.50; II (1891), $2.00; III (1892), IV (1893) and V (1894), 
each $1.00 per copy. 

Address: E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Publications. 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 . $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 
Supplement to same, 1895 .... -5 

Synopsis of Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 . . . 3- 

Check List of Lepidoptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 i.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidae of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to ....... 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Scudder (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . i.oo 

Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts . .5 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. i.oo 

Smith (J. B. ) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidae 

found in Boreal America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., 8 vo. 2.50 
Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 
idae; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi -75 

Neumoeg'en and Dyar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontidae, 1894, 30 pp. . . -5 
Price-Lists of other entomological papers may be had on application. 

The above sent on receipt of price by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 





NOW READY. 

A complete SUPPLEMENT to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera of America 
north of Mexico (1885), is now ready for delivery. Jt includes all additions and 
corrections given in the first and second Supplements, now out of print, and is 
complete to the end of 1894. Orders for copies will receive prompt attention. 
Price 5O CEKTS per copy. 

Address . T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 

P. 0. BOX 248, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

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The silk nets of Graf-Krusi, with 4-jointed steel rings, made to fit any stick 
were awarded the only diploma and first-class medal at the Vienna Exhibition. 
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of European and Exotic Lepidoptera. My new price list sent post-free to any 
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P.O. STOOKHAUSEN. ENTOMOLOGICAL PRINTSR 55 N. 7TH ST , PHIL* PA 



JOINTED FOLDING NET. 

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for $1.50. Postpaid. 

NETS FOR SAME. 

BUTTERFLY, 35 cents each. Postage .01 

BEATING, 35 " " " .01 

DREDGING, 35 " .01 

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INSECT PINS. 

KLAEGER, 34 or 39 mm., bright or japanned. 
CARLSBADER, 39 mm., bright or japanned. 

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3.50 " gross, express extra. 

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Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON MASS. 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 




TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Sula, Honduras, Cent. Am. 

_ - _ - 1 - . ___ _ _ __ 

COMPRESSED CORK 

For lining Insect Boxes and Cabinet Drawers. Best and cheapest. For 
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Send for Sample. 41 Centre St., Newark, N. J. 

FOR SALE The collectian of the late Mr - Oliver J- Staley, of Marshall, 
Mo., containing 588 mounted (of which TOO are unnamed) 
and 290 papered specimens of native and exotic Lepidoptera. Address his 
brother, Mr. Silas Staley, Marshall, Saline County, Mo. 




VOL.. VI. 



No. 7. 




Entomological News 




SEPTEMBER, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE: 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES A. BLAKE. 
Rev. HSNRY C. McCooK, D.D. CHARLF.S LIEBECK. 




PHILADELPHIA : 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OK 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 

Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 




Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, an'd the American 
Entomological Society. 

Annual subscription $1.OO, in advance. 

(Outside of the United States and Canada. $1.20) 

Advertising Rates : 30 cents per square inch, single insertion; a liberal 
discount on longer insertions. No advertisement taken for less than 60 cents. 
Cash in advance. 

^- All remittances should be addressed to E. T. CRESSON. Treasurer, 
P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BACK VOLUMES. 

Those who have not a complete set of Entomological News should obtain 
the wanting volumes now, especially of volumes i and 2. The prices are: 

Volume I (1890), $1.50; II (1891), $2.00; III (1892), IV (1893) and V (1894), 
each $1.00 per copy. 

Address: E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Publications. 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 . . . . ... $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 
Supplement to same, 1895 50 

Synopsis ot Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 3.00 

Check List of Lepidoptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 i.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidte of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Scudder (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . . i.oo 

Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts . . .50 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. . . i.oo 

Smith (J. B.) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidae 

found in Bore.il America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., 8 vo. 2.50 
Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 

idse; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi. . . . -75 

Neunioeg'eii and Dyar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontidae, 1894, 30 pp. 50 

Price-Lists of other entomological papers may be had on application. 

The above sent on receipt of price by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 



NOW READY. 

A complete SUPPLEMENT to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera of America 
north of Mexico (1885), is now ready for delivery. It includes all additions and 
corrections given in the first and second Supplements, now out of print, and is 
complete to the end of 1894. Orders for copies will receive prompt attention. 
Price 5O CENTS per copy. 

Address . j. CRESSON, Treasurer, 

P. BOX 248, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

New Publications. 

Dietz (W. G. , M.D.) Revision of the genera and species of Desmori of 

N. Am. 1894, 66 pp., 2 pi. $ -75 

Hamilton (John, M.D.) Catalogue of the Coleoptera of Alaska, with 

the synonymy and distribution, 1894, 38 pp 40 

Catalogue of the Coleoptera common to N. Am., northern Asia and 

Europe, with distribution and bibliography (2d edition), 1894, 72 pp. .75 

Horn (G. H., M.D.) Coleoptera of Baja California (Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 

1894) ............. i.oo 

Studies in Coccinellidae, 1895, 34 pp., 2 pis. ... . . .50 

Roberts (C. H.) The species of Dineutes of America north of Mexico 

1895, 10 pp., 2 pis 20 

Ashmeart (W. H.) Descriptions of new Parasitic Hymenoptera, 1894, 

27 pp. . .25 

Davis (G. C.) Monograph of the Tribe Bassini. Descriptions of new 

Pimpline, 1895, i6pp 20 

Fox (W. J.) The Crabroninae of Boreal America, 1895, 98pp. . . i.oo 

Robertson (C.) Notes on Bees, with descriptions of new species, 1895, 

14 pp. . .15 

Coquillett (D. W.) Notes and descriptions of N. Am. Bombylidse, 1894, 

24 pp. .25 

Jolmson (C. W.) Review of the Stratiomyia and Odontomyia of N. 

America, 1895, 52 pp., 2 pis. ........ .60 

Townsend. (C. H. T.) Contributions to the Dipterology of N. America. 

Parts i and 2, 1895, 48 pp 50 

Van Duzee (E. P.) Catalogue of the described Jassoidea of N. Am., 

1894, 73 PP- -75 
Banks (N.) On the Oribatoidea of the U. S., 1895, 16 pp 20 

Sent on receipt of price, by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

A. SMITH & SONS, 269 PEARL STREET, NEW YORK. 

MAXl'KACTritKHS AM) IMPORTERS OF 

GOODS FOR ENTOMOLOGISTS, 

j Klaeger and Carlsbad Insect Pins, Setting 

Boards, Folding Nets, Locality and 
Special Labels, Forceps, Sheet Cork, Etc. 
Other articles are being added, Send for List. 



JOINTED 
FOLDING NET 




P.O. STOCKHAUSEN, ENTOMOLOGICAL PRINTER 55 N. ?TH ST , PHILA. PA. 




TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

JOINTED FOLDING NET. 

SOMETHING NEW. The strongest, lightest, cheapest and best in 
every way, of any net frame on the market. The hoop folds 
perfectly flat, and in the smallest compass. The detachable 
bamboo handle is jointed in the centre, and all is packed in a 
neat canvas cover, and sent to any part of the U. S. or Canada, 
for $1.50. Postpaid. 

NETS FOR SAME. 

BUTTERFLY, 35 cents each. Postage .01 

BEATING, 35 " .01 

DREDGING, 35 - OI 

KILLING TUBES FOB COLEOPTERISTS. 

Size \" by 4", ready charged, 15 cents. Postage .05 

INSECT PINS. 

KLAEGER, 34 or 39 mm., bright or japanned. 
CARLSBADER, 39 mm., bright or japanned. 

SHORT ENGLISH, for MICRO-LEPIDOPTERA, all at lowest 
market prices. 

SHEET PEAT. ^ x 4 x 12, $ .53 per dozen. Postpaid. 

3.50 gross, express extra. 

CONES. $1.00 per hundred, postpaid. Special rates on larger quantities. 
Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON MASS. 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA " 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Sula, Honduras, Cent. Am. 

BUTTERF-I-Y-NETS. 

The silk nets of Graf-Kriisi, with 4-jointed steel rings, made to fit any stick 

were awarded the only diploma and first-class medal at the Vienna Exhibition. 

Price, post-free ; size G, $1.25 ; size K, $1.00. Cash in advance. A large stock 

of European and Exotic Lepidoptera. My new price list sent post-free to any 

"address on application. 

GRAF-KRUSI, Gais, near St. Gall, SWITZERLAVD. 



F=OR 

Specimens of European Carabus, Nebria and Cetambyx for sale at the 
Staudinger prices with 60 per cent, deduction, by ALFRED FAHN, Rechtsan- 
walt in Rudolstadt i. Thuringen, Germany. 





VOL.. VI. No. 8. 



Entomological News 




OCTOBER, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE : 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES A. BLAKE. 
Rev. HSNRY C. McCooK, D.D. CHARLES LIEBECK. 




PHILADELPHIA: 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OK 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 




Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 



Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and the American 
Entomological Society. 

Annual subscription $1.OO, in advance. 

(Outside of the United States and Canada, $1.20) 

Advertising Rates : 30 cents per square inch, single insertion; a liberal 
discount on longer insertions. No advertisement taken for less than 60 cents. 
Cash in advance. 

gss- All remittances should be addressed to E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 
P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BACK VOLUMES, 

Those who have not a complete set of Entomological News should obtain 
the wanting volumes now, especially of volumes i and 2. The prices are: 

Volume I (1890), $1.50; II (1891), $2.00; III (1892), IV (1893) and V (1894), 
each $1.00 per copy. 

Address: E. T. CRESSOX, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Publications. 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 ... . $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 
Supplement to same, 1895 -5 

Synopsis of Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 .... . 3- 

Check List of Lepuloptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 J.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidce of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to .... 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Sciulder (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . i.oo 

Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts . .5 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. i.oo 

Smith (J. B.) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidse 

found in Boreal America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., S vo. 2.50 

Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 

ida2; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi. . 

Neiunoeg-eii and Dyar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontida?, 1894, 30 pp. 

Price-Lists of other entomological papers may be had on application. 

The above sent on receipt of price by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 



New Publications. 

Dietz (W. G., M.D.) Revision o^tlie genera and species of Desmori of 

N. Am. 1894, 66 pp., 2 pi. 
Hamilton (John, M.D.) -Catalogue of the Coleoptera of Alaska, with 

the synonymy and distribution, 1894, 38 pp. ..... .40 

Catalogue of the Coleoptera common to N. Am., northern Asia and 

Europe, with distribution and bibliography (2d edition), 1894, 72 pp. .75 
Horn (G. H., M.D.) Coleoptera of Baja California (Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 

1894) LOO 

Studies in Coccinellidie, 1895, 34 pp., 2 pis. ... . -5 

Roberts (C. H.) The species of Dineutes of America north of Mexico 

1895, 10 pp., 2 pis. -20 

Aslimead (\V. H.) Descriptions of new Parasitic Hymenoptera, 1894, 

27 pp. 
Davis (G. C.) Monograph of the Tribe Bassini. Descriptions of new 

Pimplinse, 1895, 1 6 pp. ......... - 2O 

Fox (W. J.) The Crabroninse of Boreal America, 1895, 98 pp. . i.oo 

Robertson (C.) Notes on Bees, with descriptions of new species, 1895, 

14 pp. . -15 

Coquillett (D. W.) Notes and descriptions of N. Am. Bombylidae, 1894, 

24 pp. . -25 

Johnson (C. W.) Review of the Stratiomyia and Odontomyia of N. 

America, 1895, 52 pp., 2 pis . .60 

Towiisend (C. H. T.) Contributions to the Dipterology of N. America. 

Parts i and 2, 1895, 48pp. . . -5 

Van Duzee (E. P.) Catalogue of the described Jassoidea of N. Am., 

i894, 73 PP- 
Banks (N.) On the Oribatoidea of the U. S., 1895, 16 pp. . .20 

A complete SUPPLEMENT to Henshaw's List of Coleoptera of America 
north of Mexico (1885), is now ready for delivery. It includes all additions and 
corrections given in the first and second Supplements, now out of print, and is 
complete to the end of 1894. Orders for copies will receive prompt attention. 
Price 5O CENTS per copy. 
Sent on receipt of price, by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH W1TTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Sula, Honduras, Cent. Am. 

A. SMITH & SONS, 2 PEAK I, STKEET, NEW YOIIK. 

MANUFACTURERS AND IMPORTERS OF 

GOODS FOR ENTOMOLOGISTS, 

Klaeger and Carlsbad Insect Pins, Setting 

Boards, Folding Nets, Locality and 

FOLDING NET Hi Special Labels, Forceps, Sheet Cork, Etc. 
Other articles are being added, Send for List. 





P. C. STOCKHAUSEN. ENTOMOLOGICAL PRINTER 55 N. ?TH ST , PHILA. PA. 




TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BOGOTA LEPIDOPTERA 

DIURNAL AND NOCTURNAL. 

South American Coleoptera. 

A large assortment of the above; for further particulars address 

F. COBMACK, 1O East 14th St., New York, N. Y. 

Entomologists' Supplies. 

JOINTED FOLDING NET. 

SOMETHING NEW. The strongest, lightest, cheapest and best in 
every way, of any net frame on the market. The hoop folds 
perfectly flat, and in the smallest compass. The detachable 
bamboo handle is jointed in the centre, and all is packed in a 
neat canvas cover, and sent to any part of the U. S. or Canada, 
for $1.50. Postpaid. 

NETS FOR SAME. 

BUTTERFLY, 35 cents each. Postage .01 

BEATING, 35 " " " .01 

DREDGING, 35 " .01 

KILLING TUBES FOB COLEOPTEBISTS. 

Size \" by 4", ready charged, 15 cents. Postage .05 

INSECT PINS. 

KLAEGER, 34 or 39 mm., bright or japanned. 
CARLSBADER, 39 mm., bright or japanned. 

SHORT ENGLISH, for MICRO-LEPIDOPTERA, all at lowest 
market prices. 

SHEET PEAT. # x 4 x 12, $ .53 per dozen. Postpaid. 

3.50 " gross, express extra. 

CONES. $1.00 per hundred, postpaid. Special rates on large? quantities. 
Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON MASS. 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 



The silk nets of Graf-Kriisi, with 4-jointed steel rings, made to fit any stick 
were awarded the only diploma and first-class medal at the Vienna Exhibition. 
Price, post-free : size G, $1.25 ; size K, $1.00. Cash in advance. A large stock 
of European and Exotic Lepidoptera. My new price list sent post-free to any 
address on application. 

GRAF-KRUSI, Gais, near St. Gall, SWITZERLAND. 




VOI,. VI. No. 9. 




Entomological News 





-o- 



NOVEMBER, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE: 

GEO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRESSON. CHARLES A. BUKE. 
Rev. HHNRV C. McCooK, D.D. CHARLES LIEBECK. 




PHILADELPHIA: 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OF 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 




Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 



Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and the American 
Entomological Society. 

Annual subscription $1.OO, in advance. 

(Outside of the United States and Canada. $1.20) 

Advertising Rates : 30 cents per square inch, single insertion; a liberal 
discount on longer insertions. No advertisement taken for less than 60 cents. 
Cash in advance. 

$&- All remittances should be addressed to E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, 
P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

BACK VOLUMES. 

Those who have not a complete set of Entomological News should obtain 
the wanting volumes now, especially of volumes i and 2. The prices are: 

Volume I (1890), $1.50; II (1891), $2.00; III (1892), IV (1893) and V (1894), 
each $1.00 per copy. 

Address: E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entomological Publications* 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 
Supplement to same, 1895 -5 

Synopsis of Hymeiioptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 3- 

Check List of Lepidoptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 i.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidae of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to ......... 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Scuclcler (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . . i.oo 

Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts . -5 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. i.oo 

Smith (j. B.) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidee 

found in Boreal America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., 8 vo. 2.50 
Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 

idse; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi -75 

Neumoegeii and l>yar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontidse, 1894, 30 pp. . . -5 
Price-Lists of other entomological papers may be had on application. 

The above sent on receipt of price by 

E. T. CRESSON, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 



New Publications. 

Dietz (W. G., M.D.) Revision of the genera and species of Desmori of 

N. Am. 1894, 66 pp., 2 pi. ........$ .75 

Hamilton (John, M.D.) Catalogue of the Coleoptera of Alaska, with 

the synonymy and distribution, 1894, 38 pp 4 

Catalogue of the Coleoptera common to N. Am., northern Asia and 

Europe, with distribution and bibliography (2d edition), 1894, 72 pp. .75 

Horn (G. H., M.D.) Coleoptera of Baja California (Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 

1894), with Supplement, 1895 1.25 

Studies in Coccinellidce, 1895, 34 pp., 2 pis . .50 

Roberts (C. H.) The species of Dineutes of America north of Mexico 

1895, 10 pp., 2 pis. . .20 

Ashmead (W. H.) Descriptions of new Parasitic Hymenoptera, 1894, 

27 pp. 
Davis (G. C.) Monograph of the Tribe Bassini. Descriptions of new 

Pimplinae, 1895, 16 pp. ......... .20 

Fox (W. J.) The Crabroninae of Boreal America, 1895, 98 pp. . . i.oo 
Robertson (C.) Notes on Bees, with descriptions of new species, 1895, 

14 PP- -!5 

Coquillett (D. W.) Notes and descriptions of N. Am. Bombylidce, 1894, 

24 pp. .25 

Johnson (C. W.) Review of the Stratiomyia and Odontomyia of N. 

America, 1895, 52 pp., 2 pis. ... . . . .60 

Towiiseiid (C. H. T.) Contributions to the Dipterology of N. America. 

Parts i and 2, 1895, 48 pp. . .5 

Van Dnzee (E. P.) Catalogue of the described Jassoidea of N. Am., 

1894, 73 PP- -75 

Sent on receipt of price, by 

E. T. CRESSOX, Treasurer, P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Sula, Honduras, Tent. Aui. 

COMPRESSED CORK 

For lining Insect Boxes and Cabinet Drawers. Best and cheapest. For 
sale by 

BREHME & STENGELE, 
Send for Sample. 41 Centre St., Newark, N. J. 

A. SMITH & SONS, 269 PEARL STREET, NEW YORK. 

MAM FAtTlUKRS AM) IMPORTERS OF 

GOODS FOR ENTOMOLOGISTS, 

Klaeger and Carlsbad Insect Pins, Setting 

Boards, Folding Nets, Locality and 

FOLDING NET Hf Special Labels, Forceps, Sheet Cork, Etc. 
Other articles are bein^ added, Send for List. 





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Fine Carlsbader Insect 
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list sent on application. 
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Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BOGOTA LEPIDOPTERA 

DIURNAL AND NOCTURNAL. 

South American Coleoptera. 

A large assortment of the above, including a few fine specimens of male Dy- 
nastes Hercules. Address 

F. CORMACK, 1O East 14th St., New York, N. Y. 

Entomologists' Supplies. 

JOINTED FOLDING NET. 

SOMETHING NEW. The strongest, lightest, cheapest and best in 
every way, of any net frame on the market. The hoop folds 
perfectly flat, and in the smallest compass. The detachable 
bamboo handle is jointed in the centre, and all is packed in a 
neat canvas cover, and sent to any part of the U. S. or Canada, 
for $1.50. Postpaid. 

NETS FOR SAME. 

BUTTERFLY, 35 cents each. Postage .01 

BEATING, 35 " .01 

DREDGING, 35 " -01 

KILLING TUBES FOR COLEOPTERISTS. 

Size i" by \" , ready charged, 15 cents. Postage .05 

INSECT PINS. 

KLAEGER, 34 or 39 mm., bright or japanned. 
CARLSBADER, 39 mm., bright or japanned. 

SHORT ENGLISH, for MICRO-LEPIDOPTERA, all at lowest 
market prices. 

SHEET PEAT. ft x 4 x 12, $ .53 per dozen. Postpaid. 

3.50 " gross, express extra. 

CONES. $1.00 per hundred, postpaid. Special rates on larger quantities. 
Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON MASS. 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 



The silk nets of Graf-Krusi, with 4-jointed steel rings, made to fit any stick 
were awarded the only diploma and first-class medal at the Vienna Exhibition. 
Price, post-free ; size G, $1.25 ; size K, $1.00. Cash in advance. A large stock 
of European and Exotic Lepidoptera. My new price list sent post-free to any 
address on application. 

UKAF-KRUSI, Gais near St. Gall, SWITZERLAND. 




VOI, VI. No. 1O. 



Entomological News 



o 




-o- 



DECEMBER, 1895. 



EDITOR : 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D. 
PHILIP P. CALVERT, Associate Editor. 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE : 

GKO. H. HORN, M.D. EZRA T. CRKSSON. CHARLES A. BI.AKK. 
Rev. HKNRV C. McCooK, D.D. CHARI.P.S LIEBECK. 




PHILADELPHIA: 

ENTOMOLOGICAL ROOMS OF 

THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

LOGAN SQUARE. 

1895. 




Entered at the Philadelphia Post Office as Second Class Matter. 



Entomological News 

published monthly, excepting July and August, in charge of the Entomological 
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RENEWAL NOTICE. 

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News for 1896, will please indicate their desire to the Treasurer, before 
January ist next. No change in price. 

Entomological Publications* 

Classification of Coleoptera of North America, by Drs. LeConte 

and Horn, 567 pp. 1883 . . $2.50 

List of Coleoptera of America N. of Mexico, by S. Henshaw, 1885 . 1.25 
Supplement to same, 1895 ....... -5 

Synopsis ot Hymenoptera of America North of Mexico, by E. T. 
Cresson. Part I, Families and Genera; Part II, Catalogue of Spe- 
cies and Bibliography, 1887 . . 3- 

Check List of Lepidoptera of Boreal Am., by Prof. J. B. Smith, 1891 i.oo 

Horn (Dr. G. H.) Revision of the Tenebrionidae of America North of 

Mexico, 152 pp. 2 pi. 4to ... 6.00 

LeConte & Horn. Rhynchophora of N. America, 455 pp., 1876 . 3.00 

Scudcler (S. H.) The Life of a Butterfly, 182 pp., 4 pis. . i.oo 

Guide to Commoner Butterflies of North. U. S. and Canada, 206 pp. 1.25 

Banks (N.) Synopsis, Catalogue and Bibliography of the Neuropteroid 

Insects of temperate N. Am.; 1892, 47 pp., cuts . .5 

Calvert (P. P.) Catalogue of Odonata of Philadelphia, with introduc- 
tion to the study of the group; 1893, 124 pp., 2 pis. i.oo 

Smith (J. B.) Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidae 

found in Boreal America (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893) 424 pp., 8 vo. 2.50 

Descriptions of new genera and species of (N. American) Noctu- 
idae; 1894, 50 pp., 6 pi -75 

Neumoegen and L>yar. A preliminary revision of the Lepidop- 
terous family Notodontidae, 1894, 30 pp. . -5 
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ENTOMOLOGICAL PUBLICATIONS. 

Persons desiring any entomological publications in print, and many out of 
print, may obtain them by corresponding with me. 
Price-lists on application. 

GEORGE B. CRESSON, 

P. 0. Box 248, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Coleoptera of North America 

Bought and sold. Price-lists or bids on application, 

JOHN D. SHERMAN, Jr., 
4 Fletcher Street, 

NEW YORK, N. Y. 

MEEHANS' MONTHLY, 

An illustrated magazine devoted to Wild Flowers. Botany and the higher 
branches of General Gardening. 

EDITED BY THOMAS HEEHAN, 

Formerly editor of the "Gardener's Monthly," and of the "Native Flowers 
and Ferns of the United States." 



Each issue contains a magnificent colored plate of a native Wild Flower or Fern, en- 
graved and printed at a great expense expressly for this magazine by L. Prang & Co., of 
Boston. These plates alone are worth the price of the subscription. 

The pages devoted to General Gardening are replete with valuable information on this 
topic. Everything is short and concise, the object of the editor being to present everything 
in as few words as possible and yet to fully covei the subject. 

Sample copy free. Subscription $2.00 per year. 

THOMAS MEEHAN & SONS, Publishers, 

GERMANTOWN, PHILADELPHIA. PA. 

HONDURAS LEPIDOPTERA 

Address: 

ERICH WITTKUGEL, 

San Pedro Snla, Honduras, Cent. Am. 

COMPRESSED CORK 

For lining Insect Boxes and Cabinet Drawers. Best and cheapest. For 
sale by 

BREHME & STENGELE, 
Send for Sample. 41 Centre St., Newark, N. J. 

A. SMITH & SONS, 269 PEARL STREET, NEW YORK. 

MANUFACTURERS AND IMPORTERS OF 

GOODS FOR ENTOMOLOGISTS, 

Klaeger and Carlsbad Insect Pins, Setting 

Boards, Folding Nets, Locality and 

FOLO.'N J E NET Hr s P ecial Labels, Forceps, Sheet Cork, Etc. 
Other articles are being added, Send for List. 

P.O. STOCKHAUSEN, ENTOMOLOGICAL PRINTED 55 N. 7TH ST , PHILA. PA. 






TAXIDERMIST AND DEALER IN ENTOMOLOGICAL SUPPLIES. 

Fine Carlsbader Insect 
Pins a specialty. Price- 
list sent on application. 
78 Ashland Place, 
Improved Entomological Forceps. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BOGOTA LEPIDOPTERA ~~ 

DIURNAL AND NOCTURNAL IN PAPERS. 

Also South American Coleoptera. 

A large assortment of the above. Address 

F. CORMACK, 2 West 14th St., New York, N. Y. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL STORE BOXES, 
CABINET DRAWERS AND CASES, 

Made in various sizes and qualities. Send for price-list and particulars to 

T. O. PRIDDEY, 

Wellesley Cottages, 

TORONTO, CANADA. 

Entomologists' Supplies. 

JOINTED FOLDING NET. 

SOMETHING NEW. The strongest, lightest, cheapest and best in 
every way, of any net frame on the market. The hoop folds 
perfectly flat, and in the smallest compass. The detachable 
bamboo handle is jointed in the centre, and all is packed in a 
neat canvas cover, and sent to any part of the U. S. or Canada, 
for $1.50. Postpaid. 

NETS FOR SAME. 

BUTTERFLY, 35 cents each. Postage .01 

BEATING, 35 " .01 

DREDGING, 35 " -01 

KILLING TUBES FOR COLEOPTERISTS. 

Size i" by 4" ', ready charged, 15 cents. Postage .05 

INSECT PINS. 

KLAEGER, 34 or 39 mm., bright or japanned. 
CARLSBADER, 39 mm., bright or japanned. 

SHORT ENGLISH, for MICRO-LEPIDOPTERA, all at lowest 
market prices. 

SHEET PEAT, ft x 4 x 12, $ .53 per dozen. Postpaid. 

3-5 " gross, express extra. 

CONES. $1.00 per hundred, postpaid. Special rates on larger quantities. 
Send 5 cent stamp for full illustrated catalogue to 

M. ABBOTT FRAZAR, 

93 SUDBURY STREET, 

BOSTON MASS. 

Taxidermist, and dealer in all kinds of Naturalists' Supplies. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



<ES" These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end ol the column, and only when necessary those at the top ibeing longest 
in) are discontinued. 



Wanted. - Coleoptera and Lepidoptera from all sections. Will exchange 
works on Entomology, Zoology and Botany, ami works relating to the 
languages of the N. A. Indian" Send for list. -Win. D. Doan, Box, 377, 
Coatesville, Pa. 

Lepidoptera. I have for exchange a large number of duplicates of last 
summer's collecting. Please write for list, Also cocoons o! Cei Topia and 
Po/yp/ifiniis. James Tough, 2348. Water Street, Chicago, 111. 

Orthoptera. Wanted, by exchange or purchase, specimens of the sub- 
family 1 clligince from all parts of North America ; literature also desired. 
-Dr. Joseph 1.. Hancock, 2553151 St. Chicago, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted, numbers of large, showy, butterflies, if in good 
condition, from any locality for which cash, or good exchange will be 
given Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Norfolk County, Mass. 

Coleoptera. 1 desire to exchange for native and exotic species. Fred- 
erick Knab, liox 249, Chicopee, Mass. 

Diptera. N. A. Diptera wanted from choice localities; exchange or 
purchase. Will name, as far as 1 can, for privilege of retaining desider- 
ata. Dolichopodidae especially desired J. M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho. 

Lepidoptera. Want live pupa.- and images in p.:p<Tsof Papilionhue and 
Pieriiue, esp. varieties and Calif, and Mex. forms; rare Rhopalocera and 
silkmoths fn>m India, China, Africa, Austr. and Fur. in exchange. John 
Watson, 94 C.eorge St., Alexander Park, Manchester, Fngland. 

Teilthrediilidae wanted from U. S. an I Can. in exchange for Hytnen- 
optera of North. Illinois. Send lists; only specimens in good condition 
wanted. Win. A. Kason, Algonquin, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Pupa; and pupa cases wanted. Shall be glad to buy or 
make oilier return it possible. T. A. Chapman, Firbank, Hereford, I-n-. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera Fine specimens of the large Longicorn 
Dorcaschema wildii to exchange ; also line specimens of the following 
Lepidoptera : Pamphila massasoit, zabulon, panoguin, psnticic, fusca, 
aaronii, cernes, tnanataaqua, etc. Philip Laurent, 1306 Chestnut Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lepidoptera. Cash or exchange given for Salyrns a lope and varieties 
from any locality. M. J. Hlrod. lUooinington, 111. 

Lepidoptera as live larvae and pupa-, and papered imagos to exchange 
for foreign Lepidoptera. Oiler insects of all orders for fossils. R. 1\. 
Rowley, Louisiana. Mo. 

Diptera. I especially desire N. A. Stratiomyida-, either by purchase or 
exchange. Will also name and exchange in other families. C. W. John- 
son, Wagner Free Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Coccidae. I desire to exchange California insects, any order, for Coc- 
cidre (scale insects) from any locality, or for Coccid literature in any lan- 
guage W. (i. Johnson (University of Illinois). Champaign, III. 

Wanted. 'To exchange, pnrcliav- and s<-ll Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. 
Tennessee insects offered. Pupa- and inflated lai Willia.n ( 'si t;. 
107 University St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Lepidoptera. I wish to obtain eggs or larva- of Sp/iin.v i>iott<-.\/ti; bred 
specimens of North Amer. moths for sale and exchange; correspond) 
solicited. II. G. White. 9 Fverett St.. Maiden, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of I'o'alia jticusn and other rare species 
for sale or exchange. ]. B. Angelman. 22 High St., Newark, N. |. 



ii feNTOMOLOGiCAL NEWS. [January, 

Lepidoptera. Eggs of Smerinthus modesta; will purchase or give in 
exchange good material from N. Y. State. L. 1. Holdredge, 27 Ford 
Ave., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. 1 have duplicates of Papilio machaon, maacki, demefritis, 
macilentns, alcinous, Desiderata; P. americus, bairdii, brevicauda, dau- 
ntes, mylotes, nczhualcoytl, nitra, pergamus, pilinnniis, polydatnas, simon, 
thoas.O\.^]\ Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 

Fleas. From any birds or mammals. Will name for duplicates, pur- 
chase, or give in exchange Hymenoptera, Hemiptera, or Coleoptera. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Bembldi mi. Being engaged in the study of this genus I will determine 
species fur collectors. Specimens should be sent numbered, so that the 
numbers can be returned. I will also exchange for or purchase species 
not in my collection. Correspondence solicted with those interested in 
the genus. Roland Hayward, 40 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Imagines of hybrids ex. Altacus Columbia cecropia, A. 
ceanothi == cecropia and Sphinx catalpcs, for rare Arctians, Saturnians 
and Sphinges not in my collection. Dr. Richard E. Kunze", 606 Third 
Ave., New York City. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted. Live pupae of Papilio ajax and P. cresphontes, 
in quantites. New England and foreign Lepidoptera offered in exchange. 
Field Bros., Milton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted. Cychrus snoivi, gnyoti, ridingsii, hemphilli, 
merkelii, and fuchsianus; Nomaretus bilobus, cavicollis and fissicollis 
for cash at liberal prices. Address: Aug. Merkel, P. O. Box 1429, New 
York City, N. Y. 

Colesptera and Lepidaptera. Nevada specimens of Coleoptera and of 
diurnal and nocturnal Lepidoptera for exchange; all in papers. F. Burns, 
Verdi. Nevada. 

Lep'doptera. I have on hand a large number of duplicates for exchange. 
Address, with lists, G. F. Cleveland, 17 Elm St., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in nil parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 

Colaojtera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 West Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Co'eoptera. I desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, FloVida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerambycidse. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Coleoptera and insects of all kinds of South America for sale cheap, or 
exchange in Lepidoptera. A. Troschel, 548 Larrabee St., Chicago, 111. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Coleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Wm. H. Ashmead, 
1738 Q St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange or cash for the larvse of any Thyridae, any No/a 
stage I, Phryganidia calif arnica, Brephos sp., Orneodes hexadactyla, or 
any Lasiocampid in stage I, blown or in alcohol. Harrison G. Dyar, 76 
W! 6gth St., New York. 

Orthoptera and Odoaati. Tettigina- and Enallagma (submenus of Ag- 
rion] wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary those at the top (being longest 
in) are discontinued. 



Lepidoptera. I have for exchange a large number of duplicates of last 
summer's collecting. Please write for list, Also cocoons of Cecropia and 
Polyphemus. James Tough, 234 S. Water Street, Chicago, 111. 

Ortlioptera. Wanted, by exchange or purchase, specimens of the sub- 
family Tettigints from all parts of North America ; literature also desired. 
Dr. Joseph L. Hancock, 255 3ist St. Chicago, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted, numbers of large, showy, butterflies, if in good 
condition, from any locality for which cash, or good exchange will be 
given. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Norfolk County, Mass. 

Coleoptera. I desire to exchange for native and exotic species. Fred- 
erick Knab, Box 249, Chicopee, Mass. 

Diptera. N. A. Diptera wanted from choice localities ; exchange or 
purchase. Will name, as far as I can, for privilege of retaining desider- 
ata. Dolichopodidae especially desired. J.'M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho. 

Teutlirediiiidas wanted from U. S. and Can. in exchange for Hymen- 
optera of North. Illinois. Send lists; only specimens in good condition 
wanted. Wm. A. Nason, Algonquin, 111. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Fine* specimens of the large Longicorn 
Dorcaschema ivildii to exchange ; also fine specimens of the following 
Lepidoptera : Pamphila massasoit, zabulon, panoquin, pontiac, fusca, 
aaronii, cernes, manalaaqua, etc. Philip Laurent, 1306 Chestnut Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lepidoptera. Cash or exchange given for Satyrus alope and varieties 
from any locality. M. J. Elrod, Bloomington, 111. 

Lepidoptera as live larvae and pupae, and papered imagos to exchange 
for foreign Lepidoptera. Offer insects of all orders for fossils. R. R. 
Rowley, Louisiana, Mo. 

Diptera. I especially desire N. A. Stratiomyidae, either by purchase or 
exchange. Will also name and exchange in other families. C. W. John- 
son, Wagner Free Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Goccidae. I desire to exchange California insects, any order, for Coc- 
cid&e (scale insects) from any locality, or for Coccid literature in any lan- 
guage. W. G. Johnson (University of Illinois), Champaign, 111. 

Wanted. To exchange, purchase and sell Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. 
Tennessee insects offered. Pupae and inflated larva;. William Osburn, 
107 University St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Lepidoptera. I wish to obtain eggs or larvae of Sphinx modcsta; bred 
specimens of North Amer. moths for sale and exchange; correspondence 
solicited. H. G. White, 9 Everett St.. Maiden, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Feralia jocosa and other rare species 
for sale or exchange. J. B. Angelman, 22 High St., Newark, N. J. 

Lepidoptera. Eggs of Snit-rin/hns modesta; will purchase or give in 
exchange good material from N. Y. State. L. I. Holdredge, 27 Ford 
Ave., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Papi/io macfiaon, maacki, dt'tiir/rhis, 
macitentits, a/cinuus, Desiderata; P. cuiicricus, bairdit, bnTicaitda, dan 
nus, mylotes, nezhnalcoytl, tiitni, pt-r^niuitx, pitiunnus, po/ydantas, sinion 
thoas. Otoji Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 



ii ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [February, 

Fleas. From any birds or mammals. Will name for duplicates, pur- 
chase, or give in exchange Hymenoptera, Hemiptera, or Coleoptera. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Bembidium. Being engaged in the study of this genus I will determine 
species for collectors. Specimens should be sent numbered, so that the 
numbers can be returned. I will also exchange for or purchase species 
not in my collection. Correspondence solicted with those interested in 
the genus. Roland Hay ward, 40 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Imagines of hybrids ex. Attacus Columbia = cecropia, A. 
ceanothi = cecropia and Sphinx catalptz, for rare Arctians, Saturnians 
and Sphinges not in my collection. Dr. Richard E. Kunze", 606 Third 
Ave., New York City. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted. Live pupa; of Papilio ajax and P. cresphonfes, 
in quantites. New England and foreign Lepidoptera offered in exchange. 
Field Bros., Milton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted. Cychrus snowi, guyoti, ridingsii, hemphilli, 
merkelii, and ftichsianus; Nomaretus bilobus, cavicollis and fissicollis 
for cash at liberal prices. Address: Aug. Merkel, P. O. Box 1429, New 
York City, N. Y. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Nevada specimens of Coleoptera and of 
diurnal and nocturnal Lepidoptera for exchange; all in papers. F. Burns, 
Verdi, Nevada. 

Lepidoptera. have on hand a large number of duplicates for exchange. 
Address, with lists, G. F. Cleveland, 17 Elm St., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in all parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 West Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Coleoptera. desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, Florida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerambycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 
Coleoptera and insects of all kinds of South America for sale cheap, or 
exchange in Lepidoptera. A. Troschel, 548 Larrabee St., Chicago, 111. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. aoth St., Phila.; Pa. 

Coleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymeaoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Wm. H. Ashmead, 
1738 Q St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange or cash for the larvae of any Thyridae, any Nola 
stage I, Phryganidia calif ornica, Brephos sp., Orneodes hexadactyla, or 
any Lasiocampid in stage I, blown or in alcohol. Harrison G. Dyar, 76 
W. 6 9 th St., New York. 

Orthoptera and Odonata. Tettigince and EnaUagma (subgenus of Ag- 
rioii] wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. -Pupse of imperialis, undulosa, inscription, modes/a and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Meeske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. -European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange and sale. 
Wanted live pupae and cocoons. A. Voelschow, Schwerin i. Meckl., 
Germany. 

Coleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. -Send lists to W. M. Hill, East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary ihose at the top (being longest 
in) are discontinued. 



Lepidoptera. Wanted, numbers of large, showy, butterflies, if in good 
condition, from any locality for which cash, or good exchange will be 
given. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Norfolk County, Mass. 

Coleoptera. I desire to exchange for native and exotic species. Fred- 
erick Knab, Box 249, Chicopee, Mass. 

Diptera. N. A. Diptera wanted from choice localities ; exchange or 
purchase. Will name, as far as I can, for privilege of retaining desider- 
ata. Dolichopodidae especially desired. J. M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho. 

Tentliredinidae wanted from U. S. and Can. in exchange for Hymen- 
optera of North. Illinois. Send lists; only specimens in good condition 
wanted. Wm. A. Nason, Algonquin, 111. 

Goleoptera and Lepidoptera. Fine specimens of the large Longicorn 
Dorcaschema ivildii to exchange ; also fine specimens of the following 
Lepidoptera : Pamphila massasoit, zabulon, panoquin, pontiac, fiisca, 
aaronii, cernes, inanafaaqiia, etc. Philip Laurent, 1306 Chestnut Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lepidoptera. Cash or exchange given for Safyrus alope and varieties 
from any locality. M. J. Elrod. Bloomington, 111. 

Diptera. I especially desire N. A. Stratiomyidae, either by purchase or 
exchange. Will also name and exchange in other families. C. W. John- 
son, Wagner Free Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Coccidae. I desire to exchange California insects, any order, for Coc- 
cidae (scale insects) from any locality, or for Coccid literature in any lan- 
guage. W. G. Johnson (University of Illinois), Champaign, 111. 

Wanted. To exchange, purchase and sell Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. 
Tennessee insects offered. Pupae and inflated larvae. William Osburn, 
107 University St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Lepidoptera. I wish to obtain eggs or larvae of Sphinx modesta; bred 
specimens of North Amer. moths for sale and exchange; correspondence 
solicited. H. G. White, 9 Everett St., Maiden, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Feraliajpcosa and other rare species 
for sale or exchange. J. B. Angelman, 22 High St., Newark, N. J. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Papilio inachaon, maacki, demetrius, 
maci/e>itits, alcinous, Desiderata; P. americus, bairdii, brei'icmida, dau- 
ntts, mylotes, nezhualcoytl, nifra, pergainus, pilumnus, polydamas, sitnon, 
thoas. Otoji Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 

Fleas. From any birds or mammals. Will name for duplicates, pur- 
chase, or give in exchange Hymenoptera, Hemiptera, or Coleoptera. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Benibidinm. Being engaged in the study of this genus I will determine 
species for collectors. Specimens should be sent numbered, so that the 
numbers can be returned. I will also exchange for or purchase species 
not in my collection. Correspondence solicted with those interested in 
the genus. Roland Hay ward, 40 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Imagines of hybrids ex. Attacus co/umbia cecropia, A. 
ceanothi = cecropia and Sphinx catalfiic, for rare Arctians, Saturnians 
and Sphinges not in my collection. Dr. Richard E. Kunz, 606 Third 
Ave., New York City. 

Lepidoptera. I have on hand a large number of duplicates for exchange. 
Address, with lists, G. F. Cleveland, 17 Elm St., Oneonta, N. Y. 



ii ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [March, 

Coleoptera. Wanted. Cychrus snowi, guyoti, ridingsii, hemphilli, 
merkelii, and fuchsiamis; Nomaretus bilobus, cavicollis and fissicollis 
for cash at liberal prices. Address: Aug. Merkel, P. O. Box 1429, New 
York City, N. Y. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Nevada specimens of Coleoptera and of 
diurnal and nocturnal Lepidoptera for exchange; all in papers. F. Burns, 
Verdi, Nevada. 

Lepidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in all parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 West Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Coleoptera. desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, Florida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerambycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Coleoptera and insects of all kinds of South America for sale cheap, or 
exchange in Lepidoptera. A. Troschel, 548 Larrabee St., Chicago, 111. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Coleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Wm. H. Ashmead, 
1738 Q St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange or cash for the larvae of any Thyridse, any Nola 
stage I, Phrygariidia calif arnica, Brephos sp., Orneodes hexadactyla, or 
any Lasiocampid in stage I, blown or in alcohol. Harrison G. Dyar, 76 
W. 69thSt., New York. 

Orthoptera aid Odonata. Tettigintz and Enallagma (subgenus of Ag- 
rion) wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Pupae of imperialis, undulosa, inscription, modesta and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Meeske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange and sale. 
Wanted live pupae and cocoons. A. Voelschow, Schwerin i. Meckl., 
Germany. 

Coleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. Send lists to W. M. Hill, East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. 

Typhlocybini of the world wanted. Am willing to purchase or exchange. 
Will determine collections for the privilege of retaining uniques. C. P. 
Gillette, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Coleoptera. I desire to exchange specimens of this order, also local 
Membraciclae for N. A. Coleoptera. C. W. Stromberg, Galesburg, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted fine, mounted specimens of Argynnis diaaa and 
Papilio brevicauda. Will purchase or give rare exotic species in ex- 
change. Field Brothers, Milton, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Cocoons of Attacus prometheus and Sainia cynthia in 
exchange for diurnal Lepidoptera of the world and rare postage stamps. 
Robert T. Saunders, U. S. Engineer Office, Wilmington. N. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange wanted against Lepidoptera of all parts of the 
world. Coleoptera. Exchange wanted. Bernhard Gerhard, 1475 Ham- 
ilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Arachnida and Neuroptera. Will name collections for privilege of re- 
taining desirable specimens. N. Banks, Sea Cliff, N. Y. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary ihose at the top (being longest 
in) are discontinued. 

Coleoptera. I desire to exchange for native and exotic species. Fred- 
erick Knab, Box 249, Chicopee, Mass. 

Diptera. N. A. Diptera wanted from choice localities ; exchange or 
purchase. Will name, as far as I can, for privilege of retaining desider- 
ata. Dolichopodidse especially desired. J. M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho. 

Teuthrediiiidae wanted from U. S. and Can. in exchange for Hymen- 
optera of North. Illinois. Send lists; only specimens in good condition 
wanted. Win. A. Nason, Algonquin, 111. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Fine specimens of the large Longicorn 
DorcaSchema wildii to exchange ; also fine specimens of the following 
Lepidoptera : Pauiphila massasoit, zabulon, panoquln, pontiac, fusca, 
aaronii, cernes, manafaaqua, etc. Philip Laurent, 1306 Chestnut Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lepidoptera. -Cash or exchange given for Satyrus alope and varieties 
from any locality. M. J. Elrod, Bloomington, 111. 

Diptera. I especially desire N. A. Stratiomyidae, either by purchase or 
exchange. Will also name and exchange in other families. C. W. John- 
son, Wagner Free Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Coccidae. I desire to exchange California insects, any order, for Coc- 
cidae (scale insects) from any locality, or for Coccid literature in any lan- 
guage. W. G. Johnson (University of Illinois), Champaign, 111. 

Wanted. To exchange, purchase and sell Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. 
Tennessee insects offered. Pupse and inflated larvae. William Osburn, 
107 University St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Lepidoptera. I wish to obtain eggs or larvae of Sphinx modesta; bred 
specimens of North Amer. moths for sale and exchange; correspondence 
solicited. H. G. White, 9 Everett St., Maiden, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Fcralia jocosa and other rare species 
for sale or exchange. f. B. Angelman. 22 High St., Newark, N. J. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Papilio mac/iaou, inaac/ci, deinefrius, 
niaci/etiliis, alcinoiis, Desiderata; P. americns, bairdii, brevicauda, dau- 
/ffts, niylotes, nezhualcoytl, ui/ra, pergamus, pilumnus, polydamas, siino/i, 
thoas. Otoji Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 

Fleas. From any birds or mammals. Will name for duplicates, pur- 
chase, or give in exchange Hymenoptera, Hemiptera, or Coleoptera. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Bembidium. Being engaged in the study of this genus I will determine 
species for collectors. Specimens should be sent numbered, so that the 
numbers can be returned. I will also exchange for or purchase species 
not in my collection. Correspondence solicted with those interested in 
the genus. Roland Hayward, 40 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Imagines of hybrids ex. Attacns coin nilna - cecropia, .1. 
ceanotlii = cecropia and Sphinx cafa/pif, for rare Arctians, Saturnians 
and Sphinges not in my collection. Dr. Richard E. Kunxe, 606 Third 
Ave., New York City. 

Lepidoptera. I have on hand a lanje number of duplicates for exchange. 
Address, with lists, G. F. Cleveland, 17 Elm St., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Nevada specimens of Coleoptera and of 
diurnal and nocturnal Lepidoptera for exchange; all in papers. F. Burns, 
Yerdi, Nevada. 



11 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [April, 



Coleoptera. Wanted. Cychrus snowi, gtiyoti, ridingsii, hemphilli, 
merkelii, and fuchsiamis; Nomaretus bilobus, cavicollis and fissicollis 
for cash at liberal prices. Address: Aug. Merkel, P. O. Box 1420 New 
York City, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in all parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 West Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Goleoptera. desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, Florida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerainbycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Coleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidas especially desired in order to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Wm. H. Ashmead 
1738 Q St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange or cash for the larvae of any Thyridse, any No/a 
stage I, Phryganidia calif arnica, Brephos sp., Orneodes hexadactyla, or 
any Lasiocampid in stage I, blown or in alcohol. Harrison G. Dvar 76 
W. 6 9 th St., New York. 

Orthoptera and Odonata. Tettigince and Enallagma (subgenus of Ag- 
rion] wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Pupae of imperialis, . undulosa, inscription, modesta and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Meeske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange and sale. 
Wanted live pupae and cocoons. A. Voelschow, Schwerin i. Meckl., 
Germany. 

Coleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. Send lists to W. M. Hill, "East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. 

Typhlocybini of the world wanted. Am willing to purchase or exchange. 
Will determine collections for the privilege of retaining uniques. C. P. 
Gillette, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Coleoptera. I desire to exchange specimens of this order, also local 
Membracidae for N. A. Coleoptera. C. W. Stromberg, Galesburg, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted fine, mounted specimens of Argynnis diana and 
Papilio brevicauda. Will purchase or give rare exotic species in ex- 
change. Field Brothers, Milton, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Cocoons of Attacus prometheus and Samia cynthia in 
exchange for diurnal Lepidoptera of the world and rare postage stamps. 
Robert T. Saunders, U. S. Engineer Office, Wilmington, N. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange wanted against Lepidoptera of all parts of the 
world. Coleoptera. Exchange wanted. Bernhard Gerhard, 1475 Ham- 
ilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Arachnida and Neuroptera. Will name collections for privilege of re- 
taining desirable specimens. N. Banks, Sea Cliff, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera, in papers, from India, in great variety, to exchange for 
South American, o<> equal terms. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Mass. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary those at the top (being longest 
in) are discontinued. 

Coleoptera. I desire to exchange for native and exotic species. Fred- 
erick Knab, Box 249, Chicopee, Mass. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Fine specimens of the large Longicorn 
Dorcaschema wildii to exchange ; also fine specimens of the following 
Lepidoptera : Painphi/a massasoit, zabulon, panoquin, pontiac, fusca, 
aaronii, cernes, manataaqua, etc. Philip Laurent, 1306 Chestnut Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lepidoptera. Cash or exchange given for Satyrus alope and varieties 
from any locality. M. J. Elrod, Bloomington, 111. 

Diptera. I especially desire N. A. Stratiomyidse, either by purchase or 
exchange. Will also name and exchange in other families. C. W. John- 
son, Wagner Free Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Coccidae. I desire to exchange California insects, any order, for Coc- 
cidce (scale insects) from any locality, or for Coccid literature in any lan- 
guage W. G. Johnson (University of Illinois), Champaign, 111. 

Wanted. To exchange or purchase Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Ten- 
nessee insects offered. Pupae and inflated larvas. William Osburn, 107 
University St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Lepidoptera. I wish to obtain eggs or larvae of Sphinx modcsta; bred 
specimens of North Amer. moths for exchange; correspondence solicited. 
H. G. White, 9 Everett St.. Maiden, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Feralia jocosa and other rare species 
for exchange. J. B. Angelman. 22 High St., Newark, N. }. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Papilio machaon, inaacki, demetrius, 
macilentus, alcinous, Desiderata; P. ainei'icus, bairdii, brevicauda, dau- 
nus, mylotes, nezhualcoytl, niti'a, pergamus, piluinnus, po/ydamas, siinon, 
thoas. Otoji Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 

Fleas. From any birds or mammals. Will name for duplicates, pur- 
chase, or give in exchange Hymenoptera, Hemiptera, or Coleoptera. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Bembidium. Being engaged in the study of this genus I will determine 
species for collectors. Specimens should be sent numbered, so that the 
numbers can be returned. I will also exchange for or purchase species 
not in my collection. Correspondence solicted with those interested in 
the genus. Roland Hayward, 40 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Imagines of hybrids ex. Attacus co luinbia cecropia, A. 
ceanothl = cecropia and Sphinx catalpce, for rare Arctians, Saturnians 
and Sphinges not in my collection. Dr. Richard E. Kunze, 606 Third 
Ave., New York City. 

Lepidoptera. I have on hand a large number of duplicates for exchange. 
Address, with lists, G. F. Cleveland, 17 Elm St., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Nevada specimens of Coleoptera and of 
diurnal and nocturnal Lepidoptera for exchange; all in papers. F. Burns, 
Crockett, Cala. 

Coleoptera. Wanted. Cychrus snowi, guyoti, ridhigsii, heniphilli, 
merkelii, and fuchsianus; Nomaretus bilobus, cavicollis and fissicollis 
for cash at liberal prices. Address: Aug. Merkel, P. O. Box 1429, New 
York City, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in all parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 



11 



ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [May, 



Coleoptera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 West Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Coleoptera. desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, Florida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerambycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Goleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Wm. H. Ashmead, 
1738 Q St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Orthoptera and Odoaata. Tettigincs and Enallagma (subgenus of Ag- 
rion] wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Pupae of imperialis, undulosa, inscripfum, modesta and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Meeske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange. Wanted 
live pupse and cocoons. A. Voelschow, Schwerin i. Meckl., German}', 

Goleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. Send lists to W. M. Hill, East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. 

Typhlocybini of the world wanted. Am willing to purchase or exchange. 
Will determine collections for the privilege of retaining uniques. C. P. 
Gillette, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Coleoptera. I desire to exchange specimens of this order, also local 
Membracidae for N. A. Coleoptera. C. W. Stromberg, Galesburg, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted fine, mounted specimens of Argynnis diana and 
Papilio brevicauda. Will purchase or give rare exotic species in ex- 
change. Field Brothers, Milton, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Cocoons of Attacus prometheus and Samia cynthia in 
exchange for diurnal Lepidoptera of the world and rare postage stamps. 
Robert T. Saunders, U. S. Engineer Office, Wilmington, N. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange wanted against Lepidoptera of all parts of the 
world. Coleoptera. Exchange wanted. Bernhard Gerhard, 1475 Ham- 
ilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Arachnida and Neuroptera. Will name collections for privilege of re- 
taining desirable specimens. N. Banks, Sea Cliff, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera, in papers, from India, in great variety, to exchange for 
South American, on equal terms. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera of South America for exchange. A. Troschel, 548 Larrabee 
Street, Chicago, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted Samia cynthia cocoons for cash. A. W. Pearson, 
24 Cliff Street, Norwich, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. I have R. I. specimens to exchange for southern or west- 
ern. Win. Dearden, Lonsdale, R. I. 

Lepidoptera. I have good American material for exchange; correspon- 
dence solicited. L. I. Holdredge, 27 Ford Ave., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. I desire to communicate with collectors of Lepidopterous 
larvae during the season. Larvae of No/a, stage i, and of any species of 
Thvridce greatly desired. Harrison G. Dyar, 243 W. ggth St., N. York. 

Thysanura. Named alcoholic, or balsam mounted Maine specimens 
for exchange. Will name specimens for duplicates. F. L. Harvey, 
Orono, Me. 



Entomological News Advertiser. ii 



IMPORTANT NOTICE. 

First (teal unction 




IN 

YORK CITY. 

ANNOUNCEMENT. Having successfully conducted Auc- 
tion sales of insects in this city, I have decided in the interest of 
all the Collectors to inaugurate an Annual Auction. I do this 
not as a money making scheme for myself, but with the idea of 
affording a market for Professional Collectors, and thus stimu- 
lating them to greater exertion. The following rules will hold, 
subject to changes which experience will prompt. 

FIRST. I will accept material from any person in the United 
States, and dispose of it at Public Auction, charging fifteen per 
cent, to cover my expenses. 

SECOND. Only species of ordinary or extraordinary rarity 
will be accepted. Though, of the commoner species, bred speci- 
mens may be accepted. 

THIRD. All specimens must be well mounted. Otherwise 
a fee of three cents per specimen will be charged for spreading. 
As all specimens will be spread for me by the best expert in this 
country, it will be advisable for collectors to send material pinned 
or papered but not spread. They will receive higher prices. 

FOURTH. I will catalogue all material, and mail catalogues 
to all collectors in United States in time to receive out-of-town 
bids. 

FIFT,H. Out-of-town bids will be accepted and the bidders 
protected at the sale. The bidder, will send me a list of material 
on which he bids, with his highest bid on each. At the sale I 
will bid for him, buying cheaper than his bid if possible, but 
never exceeding it. 

SIXTH. Duplicate material received from various collectors 
will be put together, and the choice of the lot sold successively. 
Thus the best material will receive the highest price. 

Other rules will be made, as I find it necessary, to make the 
sale absolutely just both to buyer and seller. I also agree that 
after covering my expenses, I will spend the balance of my com- 
missions at the sale, buying for my own collection, so that prac- 
tically all the money received will go to the sellers. 

B^ Persons who contemplate consigning material to me will 
please communicate with me at once, and as soon as possible 
send a list of material which they will have to offer. Persons 
wishing catalogues will also please write to me. Further particu- 
lars by mail. 

R. OTTOLENGUI, 
115 Madison Ave., New York City. 



1895-]- ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary those at the top (being longest 
in) are discontinued. , 

Diptera. I especially desire N. A. Stratiomyidse, either by purchase or 
exchange. Will also name and exchange in other families. C. W. John- 
son, Wagner Free Institute, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Coccidae. I desire to exchange California insects, any order, for Coc- 
cidce (scale insects) from any locality, or for Coccid literature in any lan- 
guage. W. G. Johnson (University of Illinois), Champaign, 111. 

Wanted. To exchange or purchase Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Ten- 
nessee insects offered. Pupae and inflated larv^e. William Osburn, 107 
University St., Nashville, Tenn. 

Lepidoptera. I wish to obtain eggs or larvae of Sphinx modesta; bred 
specimens of North Amer. moths for exchange; correspondence solicited. 
H. G. White, 9 Everett St., Maiden, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Feralia jocosa and other rare species 
for exchange. J. B. Angelman, 22 High St., Newark, N. J. 

Lepidoptsra. I have duplicates of Papilio machaon, maacki, demefrius, 
macilentus, aid/tons, Desiderata; P. ainericus, bairdii, brevicauda, dau- 
nus, niylotes, nezhiialcoytl, ultra, perganius, piliunnus, po/ydanias, siinon, 
thoas. Otoji Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 

Hemiptera and Hymenoptera. Liberal exchange for named or unnamed* 
specimens. Also offer Coleoptera or pay cash. Will determine Jassidae. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Benibidiilin. Being engaged in the study of this genus I will determine 
species for collectors. Specimens should be sent numbered, so that the 
numbers can be returned. I will also exchange for or purchase species 
not in my collection. Correspondence solicted with those interested in 
the genus. Roland Hay ward, 40 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Imagines of hybrids ex. Attacus Columbia = cecropia, A. 
ceanothi = cecropia and Sphinx catalpce, for rare Arctians, Saturnians 
and Sphinges not in my collection. Dr. Richard E. Kunze", 606 Third 
Ave., New York City. 

Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. Nevada specimens of Coleoptera and of 
diurnal and nocturnal Lepidoptera for exchange; all in papers. F. Burns, 
Crockett, Cala. 

Goleoptera. Wanted. Cychrns snowi, guyoti, ridingsii, hemphilli, 
merkelii, and fuchsianus; Nomaretus bilobus, cavicollis and fissicollis 
for cash at liberal prices. Address: Aug. Merkel, P. O. Box 1429, New 
York City, N. Y. 

Lapidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in all parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 \Vest Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Coleoptera. desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, Florida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerambycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Coleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 



ii ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [June, 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order, to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Wm. H. Ashmead, 
1738 Q St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Orthoptera and Odonata. Tettigincz and Enallagma (subgenus of Ag- 
rion] wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Pupae of imperialis, undulosa, inscription, modesta and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Meeske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange. Wanted 
live pupae and cocoons. A. Voelschow, Schwerin i. Meek]., Germany. 

Coleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. Send lists to W. M. Hill, East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. 

Typhlocybini of the world wanted. Am willing to purchase or exchange. 
Will determine collections for the privilege of retaining uniques. C. P. 
Gillette, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Coleoptera. 1 desire to exchange specimens of this order, also local 
Membracidae for N. A. Coleoptera. C. W. Stromberg, Galesburg, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted fine, mounted specimens of Argynnis diana and 
Papilio brevicauda. Will purchase or give rare exotic species in ex- 
change. Field Brothers, Milton, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Cocoons of Attacus Prometheus and Samia cynthia in 
exchange for diurnal Lepidoptera of the world and rare postage stamps. 
Robert T. Saunders, U. S. Engineer Office, Wilmington, N. C. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange wanted against Lepidoptera of all parts of the 
world. Coleoptera. Exchange wanted. Bernhard Gerhard, 1475 Ham- 
ilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Arachnida and Neuroptera. Will name collections for privilege of re- 
taining desirable specimens. N. Banks, Sea Cliff, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera, in papers, from India, in great variety, to exchange for 
South American, on equal terms. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera of South America for exchange. A. Troschel, 548 Larrabee 
Street, Chicago, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted Samia cynthia cocoons for cash. A. W. Pearson, 
24 Cliff Street, Norwich, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. I have R. I. specimens to exchange for southern or west- 
ern. Wm. Dearden, Lonsdale, R. I. 

Lepidoptera. I have good American material for exchange; correspon- 
dence solicited. L. I. Holdredge, 27 Ford Ave., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. I desire to communicate with collectors of Lepidopterous 
larvae during the season. Larvae of No/a, stage i, and of any species of 
Thvridas greatly desired. Harrison G. Dyar, 243 W. 99th St., N. York. 

Thysanura. Named alcoholic, or balsam mounted Maine specimens 
for exchange. Will name specimens for duplicates. F. L. Harvey, 
Orono. Me. 

Lepidoptera. Eggs or live pupae of Citheronia regalis wanted; will give 
in exchange mounted specimens C. relicta and Plusia striatella. Wm. 
Metcalfe, P. O. Box 204, Port Hope, Ont., Canada. 

Phoridae. I expect to work on a monograph of the family next Winter. 
Will be grateful for material from all parts of N. A. After the work is 
finished the duplicates will be divided among those who have sent speci- 
mens. J. M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho. 

N. B. Until notice to the contrary is given, correspondents and others 
will please withhold any insects which they may have intended to send to 
me, since I will be unable to give attention to such specimens. P. P. 
Calvert. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary those at the top (being longest 
in) are discontinued. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Feraliajocosa and other rare species 
for exchange. J. B. Angelman. 22 High St., Newark, N. J. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Papilio inachaon, niaacki, di'iiu-friiis, 
niacilentiis, alcinons, Desiderata; P. ainericus, bairdii, brevicauda, dau- 
nus, niylotes, nezhualcoytl, ultra, pcr^anmx, pilumnus, polydainas, simon, 
thoas. Otoji Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 

Hemiptera and Hymenoptera. Liberal exchange for named or unnamed 
specimens. Also offer Coleoptera or pay cash. Will determine Jassidae. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Bembidium. Being engaged in the study of this genus I will determine 
species for collectors. Specimens should be sent numbered, so that the 
numbers can be returned. I will also exchange for or purchase species 
not in my collection. Correspondence solicted with those interested in 
the genus. Roland Hay ward, 40 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Imagines of hybrids ex. Attacus Columbia = cecropia, A. 
ceanothi = cecropia and Sphinx catalpcz, for rare Arctians, Saturnians 
and Sphinges not in my collection. Dr. Richard E. Kunze", 606 Third 
Ave., New York City. 

Coleoptera. Wanted. Cychrus snowi, giiyoti, ridiiigsii, hciiiphilli, 
merkelii, and fuchsianus; Nomaretus bilobus, cavicollis and fissicollis 
for cash at liberal prices. Address: Aug. Merkel, P. O. Box 1429, New 
York City, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in all parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 West Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Coleoptera. desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, Florida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerambycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. -Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Coleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Win. H. Ashmead, 
1738 Q St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Orthoptera and Odouati. TettigiiKe and /Ctiii/fa^ina (submenus of Ag- 
rion) wanted from all parts of N. Amen -a. Albert P. Morse, Wt.-lk-sley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Pupa? of iinpcria/is, nndnlosa, inscriptum, modcxta and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Mceske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera.- European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange. Wanted 
live pup f and cocoons. A. Voelschmv, Schwerin i. Meckl., Germany. 

Coleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. Send lists to W. M. Hill, East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. 



ii ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [September, 

Typhlocybini of the world wanted. Am willing to purchase or exchange. 

Will determine collections for the privilege of retaining; uniques C P' 

Gillette, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Coleoptera. 1 desire to exchange specimens of this order, also local 
Membracidae for N. A. Coleoptera. C. W. Stromberg, Galesburg, 111. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted fine, mounted specimens of Argynnis diana and 
Papilio brevicauda. Will purchase or give rare exotic species in ex- 
change. Field Brothers, Milton, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange wanted against Lepidoptera of all parts of the 
world. Coleoptera. Exchange wanted. Bernhard Gerhard 147 s Ham- 
ilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Arachnida and Neuroptera. Will name collections for privilege of re- 
taining desirable specimens. N. Banks, Sea Clifif, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera, in papers, from India, in great variety, to exchange for 
South American, ou equal terms. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Mass. 
Lepidoptera. Wanted Samia cynthia cocoons for cash. A. W. Pearson 
24 Cliff Street, Norwich, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. f have R. I. specimens to exchange for southern or west- 
ern Wm. Dearden, Lonsdale, R. I. 

Lepidoptera. I have good American material for exchange; correspon- 
dence solicited. L. I Holdredge, 27 Ford Ave., Oneonta, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. I desire to communicate with collectors of Lepidopterous 
larvae during the season. Larvae of No/a, sta-e i. and of any species of 
Thyridae greatly desired. Harrison G. Dyar, 243 W. 99th St., N. York. 
Thysauura. Named alcoholic, or balsam mounted Maine specimens 
for exchange. Will name specimens for duplicates. F. L. Harvey 
Orono. Me. 

Lepidoptera. Eggs or live pupa? of Citheronia regalis wanted; will give 
in exchange mounted specimens C. relicta and Ptusia striatella VVm 
Metcalfe, P. O. Box 204, Port Hope, Ont., Canada. 

Phoridae. I expect to work on a monograph of the family next Winter 
Will be grateful for material from all parts of N. A. After the work is 
finished the duplicates will be divided among those who have sent speci- 
mens.]. M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho. 

N. B. Until notice to the contrary is given, correspondents and others 
will please withhold any insects which they may have intended to send to 
me, since I will be unable to give attention to such specimens. P. P. 
Calvert. 

Cerambycidae Wanted in exchange for Cerambycidae only Send du- 
plicate list to O. Dietz, 23 Park Row, New York, N Y 

Lepidoptera and other orders. To exchange for desiderata in Lepidop- 
tera and Coleoptera. Surgeon Major Clements, A. M. S., Sierra Leone 
West Africa. 

Diptera. Sarcophagidae and Muscidae (sens, strict.) wanted from all 
localities in exchange for other Diptera, or will purchase. Garry deN 
Hough, New Bedford, Mass. 

Hymsnoptera. Fossores and Bees wanted from western and southern 
United States, named or unnamed. Offer good American and European 
Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera in return. S N Dunnim- 
43 Niles Street, Hartford, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. Will exchange New England specimens for Lepidoptera 
from all parts of the world. John C. Perry, Sec'y "A A 12^ R " 2*8 
Broadway, Maiden, Mass. 

Orthoptera. Specimens of the family Tettigida; wanted from all parts 
of North America Dr. J. L. Hancock, 255 3ist St , Chicago, 111. 

Rare Exotic Butterflies. (V;//V//. nrvilliana, antimachus, Jynastor, 
napoleon, etc. Wanted U. S. lo-cent stamps 1847 and 1851-66 5-cent red- 
brown and vellow and others. Reference: Hy. Skinner, M.D.W Dan- 
natt, Ivy Dene, Westcombe Park, London, England. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary those at the top (being longest 

in) are discontinued. 

Lepidoptera. I have duplicates of Papilio machaon, maacki, deiiit'trlus, 
macilcntiis, alciiioiis, Desiderata; P. aniericus, bairdli, brcvicauda, dau- 
nus, niylotes, nezhualcoytl, ultra, psi-gainus, pilumnus, po/ydanias, siinon, 
thoas. Otoji Takahashi, Tokio, Japan. 

Hemiptera and Hymenoptera. Liberal exchange for named or unnamed 
specimens. Also offer (Joleoptera or pay cash. Will determine Jassidae. 
Carl F. Baker, Fort Collins, Colo. 

Lepidoptera wanted, by exchange or purchase. Correspondents desired 
in all parts of the world. H. K. Burrison, West Newton, Mass. 

Coleoptera. Wanted, price-lists and exchange-lists of Coleoptera. E. 
E. Fernald, 52 \Vest Emerson Street, Melrose, Mass. 

Coleoptera. desire to exchange specimens from western Pennsylvania 
with entomologists in Texas, Florida and western N. Carolina. Edw. A. 
Klages, Crafton, Pa. 

Cerambycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bowditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Lepidoptara. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Coleoptera. 1 wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order to' 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Win. H. Ashmead, 
1821 O St., N. W.. Washington, D. C. 

Orttioptera and Odonata. Tettigince and Enallagma (subgenus of Ag- 
rion) wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Pupae of imperialis, undulosa, itiscriptitm, tnodesta and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Meeske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange. Wanted 
live pupae and cocoons. A. Voelschow, Schwerin i. Meckl., Germany. 
. Coleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. Send lists to W. M. Hill, 'East Liver- 
pool. Ohio. 

Typhlocybini of the world wanted. Am willing to purchase or exchange. 
Will determine collections for the privilege of retaining uniques. C. P. 
Gillette, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted line, mounted specimens of Argynnis diana and 
Papilio brci'icaiida. Will purchase or give rare exotic species in ex- 
change. Field Brothers, Milton, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange wanted against Lepidoptera of all parts of the 
world. Coleoptera. Exchange wanted. Bernhard Gerhard, 1475 Ham- 
ilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Arachnida and Neuroptera. Will name collections for privilege of re- 
taining desirable specimens. N. Banks, Sea Cliff, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera, in papers, from India, in great variety, to exchange for 
South American, on equal terms. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted S-jnila cynthia cocoons for cash. A. W. Pearson, 
24 Cliff Street, Norwich, Conn. 



ii ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [October, 

Lepidoptera. I have R. I. specimens to exchange for southern or west- 
ern. Win. Dearden, Lonsdale, R. I. 

Lepidoptera. I desire to communicate with collectors of Lepidopterous 
larvae during the season. Larvae of No/a, stage i, and of any species of 
Thyridae greatly desired. Harrison G. Dyar,"243 W. ggth St., N. York. 

Thysanura. Named alcoholic, or balsam mounted Maine specimens 
for exchange. Will name specimens for duplicates. F. L. Harvey, 
Orono, Me. 

Lepidoptera. Eggs or live pupae of Citheronia regalis wanted ; will give 
in exchange mounted specimens C. relicta and Plusia striatella.\Mm. 
Metcalfe, P. O. Box 204, Port Hope, Out., Canada. 

Phoridae. I expect to work on a monograph of the family next Winter. 
Will be grateful for material from all parts of N. A. After the work is 
finished the duplicates will be divided among those who have sent speci- 
mens. J. M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho. 

N. B. Until notice to the contrary is given, correspondents and others 
will please withhold any insects which they may have intended to send to 
me, since I will be unable to give attention to such specimens. P. P. 
Calvert. 

Cerambycidae. Wanted in exchange for Cerambycidae only. Send du- 
plicate list to O. Dietz, 23 Park Row, New York, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera and other orders. To exchange for desiderata in Lepidop- 
tera and Coleoptera. Surgeon Major Clements, A. M. S., Sierra Leone. 
West Africa. 

Diptera. Sarcophagidae and Muscidae (sens, strict.} wanted from all 
localities in exchange for other Diptera, or will purchase. Garry deN. 
Hough, New Bedford, Mass. 

Hymenoptera. Fossores and Bees wanted from western and southern 
United States, named or unnamed. Offer good American and European 
Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera in return. S. N. Dunning, 
43 Niles Street, Hartford, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. Will exchange New England specimens for Lepidoptera 
from all parts of the world. John C. Perry, Sec'y "A. A. 323 B," 238 
Broadway, Maiden, Mass. 

Orthoptera. Specimens of the family Tettigidae wanted from all parts 
of North America. Dr. J. L. Hancock, 255 3ist St., Chicago, III. 

Rare Exotic Butterflies. Ornith. nrvilliana, antimachns. dynastor, 
napoleon, etc. Wanted U. S. lo-cent stamps 1847 and 1851-66 5-cent red- 
brown and yellow and others. Reference: Hy. Skinner, M.D. W. Dan- 
natt, Ivy Dene, Westcombe Park, London, England. 

Lepidoptera. Cocoons of Luna, To, Cccropia, Promethia and Polephe- 
mus to exchange for sp. not in my collection. Also good pinned and ' 
papered material for ex. Leigh I. Holdredge, Oneonta, N. Y., U. S. A. 

Lepidoptera from Utah, the N. W. and Illinois for exchange. Chionobas 
chryxus, Melitccas, Lyc^rtas, Epicallla virginalis, Gnophala vertiicH/ata, 
etc. I especially desire Argynnids, but accept anything not in my collec- 
tion. Arthur]. Snyder, 2622 Hartzell St., Evanston, 111. 

Lepidoptera. I will exchange Colias philodice 'and Pieris rapa- for 
Colias or Pieris from the Gulf States, especially Florida. All in papers. 
-Sidney C. Carpenter, 122 Garden Street, Hartford, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. Kxchange wanted in Lepidoptera from all parts of U. S. 
Correspondence desired with beginning Lepidopterist ; have native and 
foreign Lepidoptera to exchange. Henry Engel, care of General De- 
livery, Pittsburg, Pa., U. S. A. 

Coleoptera. Cicindela lecontei and C. scutellaris wanted in exchange 
for eastern varieties of this species and other good Cicindelae. N. A. 
Coleoptera desired for Coleoptera from N. Y. and Md. Frank H. John- 
son, 1128 McCulloh St., Baltimore, Md. 



1895-] ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. 

EXCHANGES 

Not exceeding three lines free to subscribers. 



JK9" These notices are continued as long as our limited space will allow; the new ones 
are added at end of the column, and only when necessary those at the top (being longest 
in) are discontinued. 

Cerambycidae. Correspondence invited with parties having specimens 
for sale or exchange. Fred. C. Bovvditch, Tappan St., Brookline, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. American diurnals wanted, either by purchase, or ex- 
change. Henry Skinner, 716 N. 2oth St., Phila., Pa. 

Coleoptera. I wish to exchange for beetles of N. America not already 
in my cabinet. H. F. Wickham, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Hymenoptera. Will name parasitic species for privilege of retaining 
duplicates, or will exchange. Braconidae especially desired in order to 
complete a monograph of our N. American species. Wm. H. Ashmead, 
1821 Q St., N. \V.. Washington, D. C. 

Orthoptera and Odonati. Tettigince and Enallagma (subgenus of Ag- 
rion) wanted from all parts of N. America. Albert P. Morse, Wellesley 
College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Pupae of imperial's, iindn/osa, inscription, modesta and 
first class, spread Lepidoptera for exchange. H. Meeske, 323 Wyckoff 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera. European and Indian Lepidoptera for exchange. Wanted 
live pupa? and cocoons. A. Voelschow, Schwerin i. Meckl., Germany. 

Coleoptera. Exchanges and correspondence desired with young ento- 
mologists in the South and West. Send lists to W. M. Hill, East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. 

Typhlocybini of the world wanted. Am willing to purchase or exchange. 
Will determine collections for the privilege of retaining uniques. C. P. 
Gillette, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted tine, mounted specimens of Argynnis diana and 
Papilio brevicauda. Will purchase or give rare exotic species in ex- 
change. Field Brothers, Milton, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Exchange wanted against Lepidoptera of all parts of the 
world. Coleoptera. Exchange wanted. Bernhard Gerhard, 1475 Ham- 
ilton Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Araclriida and Neuroptera. Will name collections for privilege of re- 
taining desirable specimens. N. Banks, Sea Cliff, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera, in papers, from India, in great variety, to exchange for 
South American, on equal terms. Shelley W. Denton, Wellesley, Mass. 

Lepidoptera. Wanted Samia Cynthia cocoons for cash. A. \\ ' . Pearson, 
24 Cliff Street, Norwich, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. I have R. I. specimens to exchange for southern or west- 
ern. Wm. Dearden, Lonsdale, R. I. 

Lepidoptera. I desire to communicate with collectors of Lepidopterous 
larva' during the season. Larvre of No/a, stage i. and of any species of 
Thvridre greatly desired. Harrison G. Dyar, 243 W. 9gth St., N. York. 

Thysauura. Named alcoholic, or balsam mounted Maine specimens 
for exchange. \Vill name specimens for duplicates. F. L. Harvey, 
Orono, Me. 

Lepidoptera. Eggs or live pupa? of CiUicronia rcgalis wanted; will i',i\ e 
in exchange mounted specimens C. rclicta and Plusia striatella. Win. 
Metcalfe, P. O. Box 204, Port Hope, Out., Canada. 

Phoridae. I expect to work on a monograph of the family next Winter. 
Will be grateful for material from a'l parts of N. A. After the work is 
finished the duplicates will be divided among those who have sent s 
mens. J. M. Aldrich, Moscow, Idaho 



ii ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS. [November, 

N. B. Until notice to the contrary is given, correspondents and others 
will please withhold any insects which they may have intended to send to 
me, since I will be unable to give attention to such specimens. P. P. 
Calvert. 

Cerambycidae. Wanted in exchange for Cerambycidse only. Send du- 
plicate list to O. Dietz, 23 Park Row, New York, N. Y. 

Lepidoptera and other orders. To exchange for desiderata in Lepidop- 
tera and Coleoptera. Surgeon Major Clements, A. M. S., Sierra Leone, 
West Africa. 

Diptera. Sarcophagidae and Muscidae (sens, strict.} wanted from all 
localities in exchange for other Diptera, or will purchase. Garry deN. 
Hough, New Bedford, Mass. 

Hymenoptera. Fossores and Bees wanted from western and southern 
United States, named or unnamed. Offer good American and European 
Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera in return. S. N. Dunning, 
43 Niles Street, Hartford, Conn. 

Lepidoptera. Will exchange New England specimens for Lepidoptera 
from all parts of the world. John C. Perry, Sec'y "A. A. 323 B," 238 
Broadway, Maiden, Mass. 

Orthoptera. Specimen